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THE  Writers  and  bishops  who  have  had  their  education 












FELLOW    OF    ST.    JOHM's    COLLEGE. 



VOL.  m. 

Antiquum  exquirite  matrem.     Virgil. 



ross;  NICHOLS,  son,  and  bentley;  longman,  hurst,  rees,  orme,  and  brown;  cadell  and 
DA  vies;  J.  and  a.  arch;  j.  mawman;   black,  parbury,  and  co.;  r.  h.  evans; 



^ . 




OF    THE 




STREY,  the  eldest 
son  of  Will.  Warni- 
strey,  principal  regis- 
trar y  of  the  ciiocese  of 
Worcester,  by  Cicely 
his  wife,  daugh.  of 
Tho.  Smith  of  Cuerd- 
li'V  in  Lane,  (an  In- 
liahitant  of  St.  Al- 
ilatc's  parish  in  Ox- 
f()rd)  was  bom,  and 
educated  in  grammar 
learning,  within  the 
city  of  Worcester,  became  a  student  of  Ch.  Ch.  in 
1621,  aged  17  years  or  thereabouts,  took  tlie  degrees 
in  arts,  and  aftcrwiirds  retiring  to  his  native  place, 
succeeded  his  father  in  the  before-mention''d  office. 
While  he  continued  in  the  university,  he  was  num- 
bred  among  the  eminent  poets,  especially  upon  his 
writing  and  publication  of 
Vol.  III. 

V'lrescit  Vulnere  Virtus.  EviAatuT)!  Wound  and 
Cure. — printed  1628.  qu.  [HtKll.  4to.  L.  71.  Art.] 
Which  being  by  many  persons  of  known  worth 
esteemVl  an  excellent  piece,  wa,',J}y  the  autlior  de- 
dicated to  tliat  great  patron  of  all  ingenious  men, 
esjiecially  of  poets,  Endimion  Porter,  esq  ;  whose  na- 
tive place  (Aston  under  Hill,  commonly  called 
Hanging  Aston,  near  to  Camixlen  in  Gloucester- 
shire) tho'  obscure,  yet  he  was  a  great  man  and  be- 
loved by  two  kings,  James  I.  for  liis  admirable  wit, 
and  Charles  I.  (to  whom,  as  to  hi.s  father,  he  was  a 
servant)  for  his  general  learning,  brave  stile,  sweet 
temjjer,  great  experience,  travels  and  modem  lan- 
guages.'   Our  author  Warmstrey  hatli  also  written, 

[i  Endymion  Porter  was  born  in  the  year  1587.  as  appears 
from  a  medal  executed  by  Varin,  dated  \n  l635,  wllcrc  he  a 
said  lo  be  act.  48. 

He  accompanied  Charles,  when  prince  of  Wales,  on  the 
journey  to  Spain,  and  was  afterwards  groom  of  the  bed- 
chamber to  the  younp  king,  a  place,  says  the  duchess  of  New- 
castle, (.Life  of  the  Duke,  p.  ()3.)  not  only  honourable  but 
very  profitable. 




Various  Pocmx and  otlicr  things,  iis  'tis  \>yo- 

bable,  wliich  I  liave  not  vet  set-n.  He  c-oncluded 
l64i.  his  last  day  on  tlie  28th  ot  May,  in  sixteen  hundred 
forty  and  one,  and  was  huriwl  among  the  graves  of 
the  Wamistrcvs,  not  far  from  the  nortli  door  of,  and 
within,  the  eathetlral  ehureh  of  Worcester,  leaving 
then  iK'hind  him  a  widow  named  IsalK>].  I  sliall 
make  mention  of  his  bnrther  Dr.  Tho.  Warmstrey, 
under  the  year  1665. 

tEn^amfs  Wound  and  Cure  was  written  on  the 
Le  of  Buckingham's  luifortunate  cxi)echtion  to 
the  isle  of  Re  in  1627,  in  the  retreat  from  which, 
aca)rding  to  Carte,  the  Enghsh  lost  five  colonels, 
three  lieutenant  colonels,'  150  other  officers,  twenty 
gentlemen  and  about  1500  common  soldiers.  The 
object  of  the  poem  is  to  prove  that  this  calamity 
was  inflicted  on  the  nation  for  its  iniquities,  and  the 
poet,  as  may  Ik'  supposed,  prechcts  that  the  slain 
shall  be  amply  and  sjjeedily  revenged : 

— And  o  thou  fatall  Hand !  where  they  lye, 
For  whom  all  France  can  neuer  satisfie, 
Whose  deare  rcmemberance  shall  make  thee  feele 
The  arme  of  Heauen  with  a  nxl  of  Steele, 
Their  ghosts  shall  march  against  thee,  they  shall  come 
With  horrid  claps  of  thunder  for  a  drumme ; 
The  starres  shall  .shoot  at  thee,  the  clouds  shall  make, 
With  roaring  voUics,  the  foundation  shake 
Both  of  thy  strength  and  confidence ;  our  teares 
Shall  ouerwhelme  thee,  and  our  zealous  prayers 
Charming  our  faithfuU  troopes,  shall  make  tnee  see 
'Tis  trust,  not  strength,  that  gets  the  victory.  P.  9-] 

Iwrough,  was  l)om  within  the  city  of  SaUsbury, 
l)ecame  a  semi-com.  or  demy  of  S.  Mary  Magd. 
coll.  in  the  year  1570,  aged  18  years,  took  the  de- 
[21  grees  in  arts,  holy  orders,  and  was  made  chaplain  to 
the  earl  of  Pembroke,  with  whom  continumg  for 
some  time,  that  count  bestowed  upon  him  the  rec- 
tory of  Chilmark  in  Wilts,  and  thereby  became  the 
first  '  that  planted  him  in  the  church  of  Christ' 

During  the  civil  vyr  he  was  extremely  active  in  secret  ser- 
rices  for  the  king,  ari .  so  obnoxious  to  the  parliament  on  tliat 
account,  that  he  was  one  of  those  always  excepted  from  in- 
demnity, and  his  friends  were  compelled  to  pay  1500/.  com- 
position for  him. 

He  was  skilled  in  every  species  of  art  and  excelled  in  every 
department  of  literature,  nor  was  he  the  patron  of  poets  only  ; 
Through  his  exertions  and  interest  Mytens  obtained  the 
office  of  painter  in  ordinary  (or  as  the  warranlcalls  it,  'picture 
drawer')  to  the  king. 

Though  there  is  no  engraved  portrait  of  him,  (for  that 
which  bears  his  name  is  an  evident  forgery,  see  Granger,  ii. 
284)  yet  Vandyke  painted  an  excellent  picture  of  him,  with 
his  lady  and  three  sons. 

He  died  at  the  foreign  court  of  his  royal  master,  Charles 
the  second,  before  the  restoration.] 

'  [Warmstrey  gives  us  the  nameofybur; 
Hawly,  Rich,  Uiiigly,  Blundel  yet  awake, 
They'ue  spirits  yet  to  spend  for  England's  sake  : 
We  haue  them  still  amongst  vs,  we  bcleeue 
Those  wounds  by  which  they  dy'd  shall  make  them  Hue 
In  fame,  and  their  posterity  that  know 
To  practise  iheir  rcuenge  and  vertue  too.! 

Soon  after  he  Ixx-ame  chaplain  in  ordinjiry  to  qu. 
Elizal)eth,  !»y  the  endeavotus  of  the  said  cotmt,  and 
beneficed  in  Yorkshire:  so  that  being  put  into  the 
ixiad  of  preferment,  he  had  the  deanery  of  York 
confeiT'd  on  him,  (upon  the  promotion  of  Dr.  ]\Iat- 
tliew  Hutton  to  the  see  of  Durham)  to  which  Ix'ing 
elected  28  Oct.  1589,  was  soon  after  install'd.     In 
1593  he  was  made  bishop  of- Limerick  in  Ireland, 
where   performing    many   signal    services   for   the 
crown  of  England,  he  was  translated  to  the  see  of 
Bristol  in  1603,  with  liberty  then  given  to  him  to 
keep  his  deanery  of  York  in  commendam.^     But  as 
for  liis  Ix'nefices  in  Yorkshire,  which  were  the  rec- 
tories of  Brandesburton  and  Mi.sjM;rt(m  alias  Kirkby 
over  Carr,  they  were  bestowed  on  Peter  RoUocke 
bishop  of  Dunlcell,  in  the  month  of  Aug.  the  same 
year.     On  17  Feb.  1616  he  was  translated  to  Wor- 
cester;  whereu{X)n  his  deanery  was  given  to  Dr. 
George  Meriton,   dean   of  Peterborough,   (elected 
thereunto   25   Mar.   1617)  and  his   bishoprick    of 
Bristol  to  Dr.  Nich.  Felton  master  of  Pemb.  hall  in 
Cambridge,  to  which    being   consecrated    14  Dec. 
1617,  sate  there  till  the  14tli  of  March  1618,  on 
which  day  lie  was  translated  to  Ely.     As  for  Thorn- 
borough,  he  was  a  person  well  funiish'd  with  learn- 
ing, wistlom,  courage,  and  other  as  well  episcopal 
as  temporal  accomplishments,  beseeming  a  gentle- 
man, a  dean,  and  a  bishop.     But  above  all  he  was 
much  commended  for  his  great  skill  in  chymistry,  a 
study  but   seldom    followed  in  his  time;    and  'tis 
thought  that  by  some  helps  from  it  it  wa.s,  that  he 
attained  to  so  great  an  age.     A  most  learned*  chy- 
mist  of  this  man's  time  tells  us,  that  '  he  knew  a 
bishop  whose  fame  in  chymistry  being  celebrated  of 
many,  he  visited,  and  after  he  had  seen  a  little  chy- 
mical  tract,  written   with  his  own  hand,  he  took 
him  labouring  in  our  gold,  whence  he  studied  to  ex- 
tract vitriol,  which  he  held  his  only  secret;  where-       rq-t 
upon  he  left  him,  for  that  he  knew  that  he  had  nei-  -* 

tlier  before  him  the  proper  matter,  nor  the  manner 
of  working,  according  to  the  doctrine  of  pfiiloso- 
phers,  &c.'  But  who  this  bishop  was,  unless  our 
author  Thornborough,  or  a  bishop  in  Germany, 
whom  he  met  in  his  travels,  I  know  not,  nor  doth  it 
signifie  much.  "  This  bishop  'j'honiborough  was 
"  certainly  a  lover  of  natural  and  exjierimental  phi- 
"  losophy,  a  great  encourager  of  Tho.  BusheD  in 
"  his  searches  after  mines  and  minerals.  See  in  the 
"  said  Bushel's  Remonstrance  of  his  Majesties  Mines 
"  Royal  in  Wales."" 

'  [Tliis  it  seems  was  the  occasion  of  a  litigation.  In  Stil- 
lingneet's  Case  of  Commendams,  (Works,  vol.  iii.  p.  894,  ed. 
1710)  the  decision  of  the  case  will  be  found.  The  point  in 
question  was,  whether  a  commendatory  dean  could  confirm 
a  lease  or  not?  and  after  a  solemn  debate,  and  several  argu- 
ments, the  judges  agreed  that  the  was  good  as 
to  the  deanery,  and  not  meerly  as  to  the  profits  ;  because  the 
king  had  the  power  by  law  to  dispense  with  holding  it,  to- 
gether with  his  bishoprick.] 

«  Arth.  Dee  in  his  preface  to  the  students  in  chymistry,  to 
his  Fasciculu)  Chymicus,  &c. 




His  writings  are  tliesc ; 

The  j(yijiful  and  hlc.s.scd  Rcuiutiiiff  the  two  miffhty 
and  Jhmous  Khiffdom.s  of  Kiiffhaid  and  Scotland 
into  their  ancient  Name  erf  Great  Brita\n.  Oxon. 
1605.  qu.  [l}(xll.  4to.  C.  110.  Th.]  published  under 
the  name  of  Jolni  Bristol.  But  several  things 
therein  being  conceived  to  l)c  den)gatory  to  the  ho- 
nour of  both  houses  of  parliament,  the  author  was 
compliiinetl  of  only  in  the  ii])j)er  house,  which  was 
soon  after  j)assed  over.  In  IGO-l  was  printed  at 
London,  A  Treatise  of  Union  i)fthe  two  Realms  of 
Engiund  and  Scotland:  said  in  the  title  page  to  be 
written  by  J.  H. 

At^o^ewpnio{ :  sive  Nihil,  Aliquid,  Omnia,  in 
Gratiam  coriim,  qui  Artem  auriferam  ■physico-chy- 
•micc  et  pie  profitcntur.  Oxon.  1621.  qu.  [Bool. 
4to.  G.  6.  Med.] 

The  Lust  Will  and  Testament  of  Jesus  Christ 
touching  the  blessed  Sacrament  of  the  Body  and 
Blood,  &c.  Oxon.  1630.  qu.  [Bodl!  4to.  L.  43.  Th.] 

A  Discourse  sJiewing  the  great  Happiness  that 
hath,  and  may  still  accrue  to  Ms  Maj.  Kingdoms  of 
Engl,  and  Scotland  by  reuniting  them  into  one 
Great  Britain.  In  two  Parts.  Lond.  1641.  in  tw. 
published  under  the  name  of  Joh.  Bristol,  but  'tis 
not  the  same  with  tlie  fonner.  'Twas  afterwards 
printed  at  Edenburgh  in  the  Latin  tongue. 

Pax  Vobis,  concerning  the  Unity  and  Peace  of 

ike  Church This   I   think   is  not  printed,  nor 

other  things  tliat  he  had  lying  by  him  at  the  time  of 
his  death.  He  dejiarted  this  mortal  life  in  the 
castle  called  Hartlebury  in  Worcestershire  (after  he 
had  been  twice  married) '  on  the  ninth  day  of  July, 

s  ['  I  would  I  could  as  well  plucke  out  the  thorne  of  doc- 
tor Ihornburie's  first  marriage  out  of  every  mans  conscience 
that  have  taken  a  scandall  of  his  second.  For  my  pan  what- 
soever I  thlnl<  in  my  private,  it  beconis  us  not  to  judge  our 
judges;  the  customes  and  lawes  of  some  countries  differ  from 
other,  and  sometimes  are  changed  and  mended  in  the  same, 
as  this  case  of  divorce  is  most  godly  reformed  in  ours,  and  as 
Vinccntius  Lirinensis  saith  well  of  St.  Cyprian  who  had  be- 
fore the  eouncell  of  Carthage  defended  rebaptizing.  The 
author  of  this  errour,  saith  he,  is  no  doubt  in  heaven,  the 
followers  and  practisers  of  it  now  goe  to  hell,  so  I  may  say  of 
this  bishop,  his  remarriage  maybe  pardoned,  et  in  hoc  sseculo 
et  in  futuro,  but  he  that  shall  so  do  again  may  be  met  with 
in  hoc  sseculo.  But  it  was  the  bishop  of  Limbrick  in  Ire- 
land and  not  the  bishop  of  Bristoll  in  England  that  thus 
married — what?  doth  this  lessen  the  scandall?  I  suppose  it 
doth.  For  I  dare  affirme,  that  most  of  that  diocesse  are  so 
well  catechised,  as  they  thinke  it  as  great  a  scandall  for  their 
bishop  (yea  rather  greater)  to  have  one  wife  as  to  have  two, 
and  tnough  for  lay  mens  marriage,  their  priests  tell  them  it 
is  a  holy  sacrament  in  them  (which  they  count  a  sacri- 
ledge  in  a  bishop)  and  they  conferre  to  them  out  of  St.  Paul 
TO  ij.uff%Divi  TowTo  ij.iyn  it/lut  there  is  a  great  sacrament,  yet  tiieir 
people  and  some  of  their  peers  also  regard  it  as  slightly,  and 
dissolve  it  more  uncivilly  then  if  it  were  but  a  civill  contract, 
for  which  they  draw  not  onely  by  their  bastardies  and  bigamies 
many  apparent  scourges  of  God  the  heavenly  father,  but  also 
a  peculiar  pennance  unto  their  nation  of  one  fasting  day  ex- 
traordinary from  their  holy  father  the  pope.'  Sir  John  Har- 
rington, Briefe  View  of  the  State  of  the  Church  of  England, 
J653.  p.  136.J 

in  sixteen  hundriti  forty  and  one,  "  ogwl  94  years,"  J6*i. 
and  was  btiried  on  the  nortli  side  of  tlie  ('i)ap|>el  be- 
hind tile  end  of  the  dioir  iK-longing  to  tlie  cath. 
ch.  of  Worcester,  near  to  a  fiiir  alaluLster  monument 
which  he  had  fourteen  years  iK-fore  erectetl  for  him- 
self, with  his  statua  in  his  episcopal  robes  curiously 
carved  in  stone,  lying  thereon.  On  the  canopy 
over  his  head,  I  find  this  written  on  the  side  of  it, 
'  Denarius  Philosophonmi,  dum  spiro,  spero.'  And 
on  the  north  side  is  this.  '  In  un(»,  2^'.  3'.  4'.  10. 
non  spirans  sjHjro.'  Over  his  heati  is  this,  '  Qui 
dermis  attolle  caput,  quia  in  infinnitatv  virtus,  id 
mortc  vita,  in  tenebris  lux.'  And  over  his  feet, 
'  mors  nul)ecula  transiens,  laborum  finis,  vita;  januo, 
scala  ca-li,  mihi  lucrum.'  Besides  tliese  sentences, 
is  a  large  inscription"  painted  on  a  table  lionging 
above  his  feet,  wliich  for  brevity's  sake  I  now  omit. 
See  more  in  Hist.  (Sj-  Antiq.  ifniv.  Oxon.  lib.  2.  p. 
200  b.  He  had  issue  by  his  first  wife,  sir  Benj. 
Thornborough  Kt.  and  Edw.  Thomborough  arch- 
deacon of  Worcester,  who  died  in  1645;  and  by  hie 
.second  named  Elizab.  Bayles'  f)f  Suffolk,  sir  Tho. 
Tht)rnborough  of  Elmeley  I^ovet  in  Worcestershire 
Kt.  &c.  He  had  also  a  brotlier  named  Giles,  who 
was  subdean  and  one  of  the  canons  of  Sarum  in  the 
latter  end  of  qu.  Elizabeth,  as  also  rector  of  Or- 
cheston  S.George  in  Wilts,  who  died  in  1637,  leaving 
a  relict  behind  him  named  Jane.  He  had  also  u 
nephew  of  the  same  name,  preb.  of  Worcester  in 
1629,  who  dying  in  1663,  one  Will.  Owen  M.  A. 
was  installed  in  his  place  13  Feb.  the  same  year.  A 
little  before  this  bisliop's  death,  he  told  his  majesty 
K.  Ch.  I.  that  he  had  outlived  several  that  had  ex- 
pected to  .succeed  him  in  the  see  of  Worcester,  and 
now,  said  he,  I  am  afraid  I  shall  outlive  my  bishop, 
rick,  which  almost  had  come  to  pass.  "  There  was 
"  one  Mr.  Giles  Thornboroug,  wlio  was  rector  of  St. 
"  Nicholas  and  of  the  Holy  Trinity  in  Guildford  and 
"  chaplain  to  the  king,  A.D.  1673." 

[Wood  has  omitted  one  of  the  bishop's  earliest 
preferments.  He  was  prebendary  of  Tockerington 
m  the  church  of  York,  March  17,  1589.» 

Sir  John  Harrington  says  that  this  prelate  very 
well  understood  the  nature  of  the  countiy  and  inha- 
bitants of  Ireland,  and  adds  he,  '  if  st)me  others  wlio 
arc  since  gone  out  of  tliis  world,  had  been  as  willing 
as  he  to  have  reported  to  his  majesty  the  disea-ses  of 
that  countroyand  the  fittest  cures,  it  may  Ix-,  it  would 
not  in  long  time,  have  needed  those  desperate  reme- 
dies of  secundum  and  urendum,  as  sharp  tn  the  sur- 
geons oftentimes  as  to  the  patients.'  The  same 
writer  relates  a  miraculous  escape  he  and  his  family 

«  [Composed  by  himself.] 

7  [She  died  before  him,  and  wa3  buried  at  Withington, 
Gloucestershire.     Willis,  Cathedrals,  650.] 

s  [And  another  Giles  Thornborough,  M.  A.  rector  of 
Orston  George,  Wiltshire,  and  vicar  of  Crowlc,  had  the  se- 
cond stall  in  Worcester  cath.  He  died  in  l662,  and  was  bu- 
ried at  Crowle.     Willis,  Cathedrals,  page  669.] 

9  [Willis,  Cathedrals,  page  170.] 




met  \ntli  in  Ireland,  wliicli  aceotint  gives  a  curious 
picture  of  tlie  manners  ot"  the  day. — '  LN-ing  in  an 
old  castle  in  Ireland  in  a  large  roont,  partitioned  hut 
Kith  sheets  or  eiirtens,  his  wife,  children  and  ser- 
vants, in  effect  a  whole  famiiv,  in  the  dead  time  of 
tJie  nigJjt,  tile  fl(X)re  over  head  being  earth  and 
plaster,  its  in  many  places  is  used,  overcharged  with 
weight,  fell  wholly  downe  together,  and  crushing  all 
to  pieces  that  was  above  two  foot  high,  as  cui)lx)rds, 
tables,  formes,  sttxjles,  rested  at  last  ujx)n  certaine 
chests,  as  God  would  have  it,  and  hurt  no  living 
creature  ;'  which,  says  our  author,  '  I  would  dl 
our  bishops  did  know,  that  they  might  rememl)er  to 
keep  their  houses  in  better  reparations.'' 

To  the  list  of  Thomborougli's  works  we  may  add, 
A  Discoi'rse pla'mehj  proving  t/ie  euideiit  Vtilitk 
and  vrgait  Necessitie  of  the  Msired  Juippie  Vnion 
qf  the  two  famous  Kingdomes  (if  England  and 
Scotland:  hy  uay  (rf  Ansiver  to  certaine  Ohiections 
against  the  same.  Londmt,  printed  by  Ricliard 
Field  for  Thomas  Cluird.  1604,  4to.  containing  five 
sheets  and  an  half. 

This  book,  which  has  escaped  the  research  of  our 
author,  was  the  first  publication  on  the  subject  by 
bishop  Thornborough,  who  signs  himself  lo.  Bristol 
at  the  end  of  the  dedication  to  king  James.  He 
\vrote  it,  he  says,  Iwcause  he  was  not  ignorant  that 
ctmies  of  the  objections  against  the  union  '  were 
this  tearme  carriotl  into  most  parts  of  those  your 
majesties  realmcs  (and  I  suppose  also  beyonci  the 
seas)  which  might  in  time  wthout  answer  sccme  to 
preiudice  your  maiesties  honour  vniustly  with  scan- 
dale  abroade  and  murmure  at  home.'  A  copy,  for- 
merly bishop  Barlow's,  is  in  the  Bodleian,  B.  7.  13. 

«  DAVID  BAKER,  son  of  Will.  Baker  gent. 
"  by  his  wife  the  sister  of  Dr.  David  Lewes,  j  iidge 
"  of  the  admiralty  (from  whom  he  took  his  Christian 
[4]  "  name)  was  bom  at  Abergavenny  in  Monmoiith- 
"  shire  on  the  ninth  day  of  Decemb.  1575,  bred  in 
"  school  learning  in  Ch,  Ch.  hospital  in  London, 
"  became  a  commoner  of  Broadgate's  hall  in  the 
"  beginning  of  the  year  1590,  at  which  time  he  was 
"  observed  to  be  naturally  of  a  good  disposition, 
"  much  inclined  to  virtue  and  piety,  being  both  of  a 
"  good  judgment  and  modest,  tho'  not  altogether  of 
"  an  unpas-sionate  nature.  But  falling  into  ill  com- 
"  pany,  while  he  was  in  Oxon,  he  got  many  vicious 
"  nabits,  and  committed  many  youthful  disorders, 
"  and  withal  fell  to  an  utter  neglect  of  all  duties  of 
"  piety  and  reh^on,  yet  there  remained  in  him  a 
"  natural  modesty,  whereby  he  was  restrain'd  from 
"  scandalous  impudence  in  sin.  His  father,  who 
"  was  steward  to  the  lord  Abergavenny,  hatl  a  plen- 
"  tiful  fortune,  and  his  eldest  son  Rich.  Baker  was 
*'  a  counsellor  at  law ;  but  for  this  son  David, 
*'  (whom  we  are  farther  to  mention)  he  intended  at 
"  first  to  procure  a  parsonage  for  him,  which  was 
"  the  reason  why  he  sent  him  to  Oxon,  but  after, 

"  there  (KTiirriiig  difficulties  at  the  time  that  he 
"  should  have  entred  upon  it,  his  father  altered  his 
"  resolution,  and  therefore  sent  tor  him  home,  where 
"  a  while  he  stucUed  the  law,  being  assisted  therein 
"  by  his  elder  brother  Richard.  Afterwards  he  was 
"  sent  to  the  Middle  Temple,  without  a  degree  con- 
"  ferr'd  <m  him  in  0.\on,  where  he  applied  himseli" 
"  with  so  great  attention  and  diligence  to  tiiat 
"  study,  that  .several  persons,  and  those  most  eminent, 
"  not  only  in  that  profession,  but  in  the  state  also, 
"  judgefl  liim  in  a  probable  way,  by  his  more  than 
"  ordinary  capacity  and  skill,  to  come  to  the  highest 
"  preferments  that  such  a  profession  could  promise. 
"  At  this  time  entretl  into  him  first  a  doubt  of  the 
"  being  of  God  and  of  his  providence  ;  which  after- 
"  wards  thro'  worldly  occasions  and  bad  conversa- 
"  tion,  grew  to  be  such  a  persuasion  in  him,  as  un- 
"  happy  souls  can  have,  or  frame  to  themselves,  of 
"  there  being  no  God  or  Providence.  In  this  way 
"  he  run  on,  seeming  to  have  lived  so  as  if  God  had 
"  icirgot  him,  or  not  thought  him  worth  his  care. 
"  And  being  brought  to  .so  great  a  precipice,  the 
"  divine  hand  appeared  from  heaven,  to  rescue  him 
"  both  from  the  danger,  in  which  his  soul  was  en- 
"  gaged,  and  the  cause  thereof,  which  was  sin,  and 
"  vicious  habits  contracted.  The  which  deliverance 
"  was  indeed  very  wonderful,  deserving  to  be  parti- 
"  cularly  declared,  for  the  glory  of  the  Divine  Grace 
"  and  mercy  to  a  soul,  that  thought  not  on  God. 
"  Thus  it  was :  After  the  death  of  his  brother  Ri- 
"  chard,  his  father  began  to  take  delight  in  his  com- 
"  pariy  ;  for  the  enjoying  whereof  he  took  him  from 
"  the  Temple  into  the  country  to  himself;  where 
"  for  his  employment  he  made  him  recorder  of 
"  Abergavenny,  and  sent  him  often  abroad  to  keep 
"  courts  for  him,  determine  suits,  &c.  in  several 
"  places.  Now  it  hajmed  tliat  in  his  return  from 
"  such  a  journey  homeward,  his  .servant  that  at- 
"  tended  him,  not  having  much  regard  to  his 
"  master,  so  far  outwent  him  that  he  left  him  out  of 
"  sight ;  so  that  our  author  Baker,  that  had  his 
"  head  full  of  business  or  other  thoughts,  and  not 
"  marking  the  waj',  instead  of  going  forward,  to  a 
"  ford,  by  which  he  might  ])ass  the  river,  he  sufTer'd 
"  his  horse  to  conduct  him  by  a  narrow  beaten  path, 
"  which  at  last  brought  him  to  the  middle  of  a 
"  wooden  foot  bridge,  Targe  enough  at  fir'it  entrance, 
"  but  growing  still  more  and  more  narrow,  and  of 
"  an  extraordinary  height  above  the  water,  he  pier- 
"  ceiv'tl  not  his  danger,  till  the  horse  by  stooping 
"  suddenly  and  trembling,  with  neighing  ana  loud 
"  snorting,  gave  his  rider  notice  of  the  danger, 
"  which  he  soon  perceiv'd  to  be  no  less  than  present 
"  death.  To  go  forward  or  backward  was  imjx)s- 
"  sible,  and  to  leap  into  the  river,  which  being  nar- 
"  row  there,  was  extream  deep  and  violent,  (besides 
"  the  greatness  of  the  precipice)  seemed  to  him,  wiio 
"  could  not  swim,  all  one  as  to  leap  into  his  grave. 
"  In  this  extream  danger,  out  of  which  neither  hu- 
"  mane  prudence,  nor  indeed  any  natural  causes 




wuld  rescue  him,  nwessity  ioried  liiiii  to  raise  \m 
thoudits  to  some  power  iiiid  lielj)  alwve  nature : 
Whereuixjii  lie  franicHl  in  his  mind  such  an  inter- 
nal resolution  as  this,  If  ever  I  escape  this  danger 
I  will  believe  there  is  a  God  ;  who  hath  more  care 
of  my  life  and  safety,  than  I  have  iieed  of  his  love 
and  worship.  Thus  he  thouffht,  and  innnediately 
thereupon  he  foinid  that  his  horse's  head  was 
turn'd,  and  both  horse  and  man  out  of  all  danger. 
This  he  plainly  saw,  but  by  what  means  this  was 
brought  to  pass,  he  never  coidd  imagin.  How- 
ever he  never  had  any  doubt,  but  that  his  de- 
liverance was  supernatural.  A  deej)  resentment 
of  so  great  a  mercy,  wrouglit  in  him  a  serious  care 
to  serve  and  worship  God,  according  to  that  divine 
light  which  lie  had  of  him.  So  that  from  this 
time  he  resolved  not  only  to  believe  Gixl  and  his 
holy  Providence,  but  also  in  some  g(xxl  way  or 
otiier  to  serve  liim.  And  this  wa.s  a  good  way  to 
a  right  bchef ;  the  which,  as  yet,  he  did  not  take 
into  consideration :  But  afterwai'ds,  by  occasion 
of  some  R.  Cath.  IxMjks  that  came  into  his  hands, 
lie  was  moved  to  doubt  of  the  truth  of  that  religion, 
which  formerly  he  had  professed.  And  iil'tor,  by 
much  meditation  and  conference  he  was  entirely 
convinced,  that  there  was  no  safety  but  in  the  R. 
Cath.  church.  He  was  reconciletl  by  a  R.  Catli. 
priest,  and  his  conversion  appeared  to  be 
cordial,  by  many  good  effects,  both  in  regard  of 
himself  and  others.  For  ujxin  the  first  general 
confession  made  by  him,  in  order  to  his  reconcile- 
ment, all  his  habitual  and  deep  rooted  vices  were 
at  once  most  miraculously  even  rooted  out  of  liis 
heart,  and  the  serjient's  head  with  that  one  blow 
was  niortaliy  wounded  and  crushed.  After  this 
he  much  desired  a  safe  retreat  into  religious  soli- 
tude ;  for  the  effecting  whereof  he  consulted  his 
ghostly  father ;  who,  tho'  he  was  persuaded,  that 
this  proceeded  from  a  divine  inspiration,  yet  could 
he  not  give  him  any  directions,  whereby  to  arrive 
to  his  desired  sohtude,  only  he  told  him,  that  at 
London  he  might  meet  with  religious  persons,  by 
whom  he  might  be  directed  and  a.ssisted.  Upon 
this  advice  he  took  a  journey  to  London,  where 
he  happily  met  with  some  Benedictine  fathers  of 
the  Cassine  congregation ;  by  whom  he  was  en- 
couraged in  his  gocxl  design,  and  an  opportunity 
thereupon  ■  offer  (1  him  of  going  into  Italy,  with 
one  of  the  religious  fathers,  who  was  shortly  to 
repair  thither,  to  a  general  chapter  of  their  con- 
gregation, then  to  oe  assembled..  Of  all  w^lych 
fortunate  occurrences  our  author  Baker,  was  very 
glad.  The  time  being  come,  he  set  forth  with 
his  companion,  for  Italy,  and  being  at  Dover, 
ready  to  take  shipping,  he  wrote  to  his  father 
of  his  departure  out  of  England,  yet  gave  him 
no  further  notice  of  his  intention,  than  that 
he  went  to  travel.  Having  past  the  sea,  they 
made  the  rest  of  their  journey  by  land,  to  Padua; 
where  he  was  received  and  admitted  to  tlie  holy 
habit  of  religion,  by  tlie  abbot  of  S.  Justina,  on 

"  the  27  of  Mav  1005,  he  l)eing  then  about  80  yean 

"  of  age,  and  aliout  that  time  he  changed  his  name 

"  from  David  to  Augiistiii  Baker.'     Afterwardit  lie 

"  passed  his  noviceship  under  a  master  very  indul- 

"  gent  to  him,  in  regard  of  his  cor|)oral  neC(.'^MitieK, 

"  yet  sufliciently  .severe  in  external  matters  of  dis- 

"  cipline ;   altho'  for  the  internal,  lie  gave  him  no 

"  instructions  or  directions  i\)v  prayer,  but  only  con- 

"  tentetl   himself  with   giving   him  the   rule  of  S. 

"  Benedict,  and  some  few  other  books  of  devotion  or 

"  morality,  and   taught  him   some  ceremonies  and 

"  external  gcMxl  carnage.     AlK)ut  that  time  he  gave 

"  himself  \ery  seriously   to  the  exercise  of  mental     ' 

"  prayer,  (meditation)  for  the  practice  of  wliich,  he, 

"  by  the  little  experience  he  m.ule,  found  how  effica- 

"  Clous  and  jjowerful  helps  to  it,  were  solitude  and 

"  silence,  both  which  were  very  strictly  observed  in 

"  that  monastery.     But  before  he  could  really  olv 

"  tain  it,  he  fell  into  a  very  great  sickness  towards 

"  the  latter  end  of  his  noviceship,  which  yet  jMirtly 

"  arosi'  from  change  of  air  and  want  of  exercise,  and 

"  as  the  physicians  said  was  incurable,  excejjt  l)y  his 

"  own  country  air.     Upon  this  our  author  Baker 

"  departed  from  Padua  for  England,  and  tlio'  in  his 

"  passiige  his  desire  was  to  have  seen  and  ol)scrveil 

"  the  several  customs,  manners,  &c.  of  tlie  countries 

"  thro''  which  he  was  to  jiass,  by  leisurely  journeys, 

"  yet  notwithstanding  a  certain  blind  impulse  did 

"  contrarily  urge  him  to  hasten  his  journey  ;  a  thing 

"  that  he  often  wondred  at,  not  being  able  to  give 

"  any  reasonable  account  of  it ;  but  yet  so  strong  it 

"  was,  that  against  his  settled  resolution,  he  never 

"  ceased  posting  till  he  came  to  London ;   where  at 

"  his  first  arrival  he  heard  the  sad  news,  tliat  his 

"  father  lay  sick  of  an  infirmity,  of  which  he  was 

"  never  like  to  recover.     Then  lie  jierceived  that 

"  the  aforesaid  secret  impulse  was  sent  by  God,  as  a       [gl 

"  messenger,  to  ha.sten  him,  that  he  might  assist  his 

"  father  at  his  death,  as  he  did  :  For  he  reconciletl 

"  Iwm  to  the  R.  Cath.  faith,  after  a  confession  made 

"  with  great  contrition  and  tears.     Having  buried 

"  his  father,  provided  for  his  mother,  and  settled  his 

"  own  estate,  as  well  as  for  the  present  he  could,  he 

"  returned  to  London,  where  lie  onleretl  his  cor- 

"  respondence  and  reference  to  the  monks  of  the 

"  Italian    congregation,    intending   to    retire    hini- 

"  self  into    solitude,    to   the    end    that    he   might 

"  more  freely  give  himself  to  prayer.     And  feanng 

"  least  he  might  be  interruptcnl  with  sollicitations 

"  about  his  estate,  which  was  in  land,  he  sold  it,  and 

"  having  so  done,  he  made  his  profession  of  a  rcli- 

"  gious  state  unto  the  said  fathers  of  the  Italian 

"  congregation,  to  whom  he  gave  an  account  of  all 

"  his  tenijxjrals.     About  that  time  came  the  Italian 

"  monks  to  find  out  and  beconie  acquainted  with  the 

"  reverend  father  Sigebert  Bulkley,  a  venerable  old 

"  religious  ])riest,  who  had  been  received  into  the 

"  habit  and  order  of  S.  Benedict  by  Dr.  Feckenliam 

"  the  last  abbot  of  Westminster,  when  the  monastery 

'  [Father  Austin  Baker  is  often  mentioned  with  great  re- 
spect by  dame  GerirudeMore  in  hu  Spiritual  Exercitet.Coi.E.'] 



"  was  rcstorixl  by  qu.  Mary  ami  cunliiiiil  Pole. 
"  Great  rcsmvt  and  honour  did  thev  deservetliv  iK'ur 
"  to  the  sakl  tallier  Bulkley,  as  l)oinu;  the  only  relique 
"  of  tlie  Benedictine  ortlor  in  England.  At  which 
"  time  our  autlior  Baker  siijj^sted  to  them,  that  a 
"  farther  use  might  Ix"  made  of  that  go<xl  old  man, 
"  bv  and  from  wiiom  might  be  pnx'nrcxl  a  continua- 
"  don  and  siiccessit)n  ana  induction  of  the  sjiid  Italian 
"  monks  into  the  rights  of  the  old  Benedictine 
"  monks  of  England  (and  jmrticularly  of  Westmin- 
"  ster)  if  the  said  old  man  would  receive  and  admit 
"  them :  which  l)eing  demonstrated  by  him  both  by 
"  anticnt  and  iiKKlem  laws  and  canons,  Bulkley  did 
"  acconlingly  receive  them.  Many  other  good  offices 
"  Baker  dm  for  his  Italian  brethren,  who  indeed 
"  found  him  so  useful  to  them,  that  he  hiul  much 
"  ado  to  obtain  their  gotxl  leaves  to  retire  himself  to 
"  a  solitary  hfe,  whicli  he  very  much  desired  to  do. 
"  At  length  it  being  granted,  his  first  retirement  was 
"  in  a  private  lixlging  with  a  young  gentleman,  the 
"  son  ot  one  of  the  most  eminent  noblemen  in  the 
"  kingilom,  who  having  Ix.'en  not  long  liefore  recon- 
"  oiled  to  the  R.  Cath.  faith,  did  withal  shew  great 
"  zeal  to  leatl  a  retired  life ;  in  the  wliich  his  desire 
"  was  to  have  Mr.  Baker  for  his  comuanion.  But 
"  this  society  lasted  not  long ;  for  partly  thro'  a  sus- 
"  picion  conceived  by  the  gentleman's  father,  that 
"  Mr.  Baker  was  a  priest,  and  the  cause  of  his  son's 
"  being  and  amtinuing  a  Roman  Catholic,  and  so 
"  consequently  of  the  depriving  him  of  a  fair  estate 
"  intencled  for  him,  but  principally  thro'  the  dissatis- 
"  faction  that  Mr.  Baker  had  in  the  conversation 
"  and  ways  of  the  young  gent,  he  left  him,  having 
"  with  admiration  oDserved  the  strange,  curious  and 
"  fantastical  ways  of  devotion  and  spirituality  prac- 
"  tised  by  him ;  the  end  whereof  he  suspected 
*'  would  be  miserable,  as  indeed  it  proved  in  his 
"  opinion.  For  in  success*  of  time  he  became 
"  weary  not  only  of  his  devotion,  but  of  his  faith 
"  also.  At  this  time  it  was  that  Mr.  Baker  chd 
"  seriously  renew  his  exercise  of  mental  prayer,  and 
"  not  long  after  retiring  himself  into  the  house  of 
"  Sir  Nicholas  Fortescue,  he  did  there  zealously 
"  continue  his  second  conversion,  or  attempt  upon 
"  internal  prayer.  Afterwards  when  the  union  of 
"  all  English  Benedictine  monks,  out  of  all  other 
"  congregations,  Spanish,  Italian,  &c.  into  one  new 
"  and  renewed  congregation  was  proposed,  and  bulls 
"  from  his  holiness  for  that  purpose  promulgated, 
"  many  there  were  that  came  into  the  said  union, 
"  but  more  out  of  the  Sjianish,  than  the  Italian  con- 
"  gregation.  Our  author  Baker  was  the  first  of  all 
"  monks  in  the  mission,  (for  he  before  had  been 
"  made  priest  and  conventual  of  Dieidward  in  Lo- 
"  rain)  that  accei)ted  of  the  union  :  And  being  asked 
"  by  a  friend  what  had  made  him  so  forward,  all 
"  the  answer  he  gave  was  '  h  Domino  egressus  est 

'  [Success  for  process  of  time.     So  Shakspeare,  K.  Henry 
IV,  pan  2,  acl4,  sc.  2. 

And  so  success  of  mischief  shall  be  born, 

And  heir  from  heir  shall  hold  ihis  quarrel  up — ] 

"  sermo,'  &c.  the  matter  hath  pnxxnxled  from  our 
"  Lord,  neither  could  I  do  any  thing  beyond  or 
"  jigainst  his  will.  Afterwards,  scil.  in  the  Ix'ginning 
"  of  1620,  he  was  by  the  II.  F.  Vincent  Sadler, 
"  chief  of  the  mission,  settltxl  in  the  west  country  in 
"  the  house  of  one  Philii)  Furstlen,  gent,  a  place 
"  where  he  might  have  all  conveniences  for  his  de- 
"  .sign  ofretirement  and  recollection.  Having  spent 
"  alx)Ut  an  year  there,  he  retired  to  London,  pro- 
"  secuted  his  prayer,  and  wrot  spiritual  treatises  and 
"  other  matters.  Alx)ut  an  year  after  his  coming 
"  to  that  ])lace,  there  was  an  employment  recom- 
"  mended  to  him  by  the  superiors  of  his  order, 
"  which  he  readily  undert(X)k  and  discharged,  yet 
"  so,  as  not  to  hinder  or  prejudice  his  prayer  at  all. 
"  And  altho'  this  employment  (which  was  of  search- 
"  ing  after  and  finding  out  records  for  the  proving 
"  of  the  antient  congregation  of  the  black  or  Bene- 
"  dictine  monks  in  England,  formerly)  might  seem 
'•  to  have  been  of  great  distraction  and  solicitude, 
"  yet  he,  amidst  all  his  })ains  taking,  and  running  up 
"  and  down  and  waiting  (as  is  unavoidable  in  such  a 
"  business)  made  his  prayer  and  recollection  his 
"  main  employment,  and  the  other  his  divertisement. 
"  In  this  manner  spending  his  time  till  about  1624, 
"  he  was  several  times  invited  witli  great  kindness 
"  by  F.  Rudisiretl  ^  Barlow  (then  president  of  the 
"  English  congregation)  to  come  to  Doway,  and 
"  especially  for  these  reasons.  (1)  That  his  ab- 
"  stracted  life  was  not  jiroper  for  the  mission.  (2) 
"  That  troubles  were  then  arising  U|X)n  the  breach 
"  of  the  Spanish  match  between  the  infanta  and 
"  prince  Charles ;  and  (3)  That  he  did  intend  to 
"  employ  him  in  compiling  An  E(xlcsiastical  His- 
"  to?7/  of  England,  for  which  he  knew  he  was  plen- 
"  tifully  provided  with  materials  gathered  out  of 
"  antient  records  and  MSS.  &c.  At  first  he  did 
"  not  accept  of  this  offer,  but  at  length,  being  urged 
"  by  an  interior  impulse,  he  went  to  that  place,  but 
"  finding  not  a  convenience  suitable  to  his  mind,  he 
"  was  made  the  spiritual  director  of  the  religious 
"  convent  of  English  Benedictine  dames  at  Cam- 
"  bray,  (and  afterwards  their  confessor,)  where  he 
"  spent  nine  years  to  the  great  comfort  and  profit  of 
"  those  dames.  Afterwards  he  retired  to  Doway 
"  again,  where  he  brought  many  religious  persons 
"  from  a  tepid  life  to  a  fervent  practice  of  prayer, 
"  and  drew  many  secular  youths  from  their  sinful 
"  excesses  to  a  life  of  devotion,  and  some  also  to  a 
"  state  of  religious  profession.  Afterwards  he  went 
"  into  England,  settled  in  Holbourn  near  London, 
"  carried  on  his  meditation,  solitude,  mental  prayer 
"  and  exercises  of  an  internal  life  to  the  last.  He 
"  was  esteemed  the  most  devout,austere  and  religious 
"  personofhisorder,  and  one  that  did  abound,  and  was 
"  more  happy  in  mental  prayer  (tho'itwas  a  long  time 
"  before  he  could  obtain  it)  than  any  religious  man 

■*  [He  is  called  father  7?M(f«s!nd  Barlow  in  dame  Gertrude 
More's  Spiritual  Exercises,  pngc37,  printed  at  Paris,  in  8vo. 
l658.  Cole.  There  is  an  original  letter  from  fa.  R.  Barlow 
tosir Rob. Cotion, dated  in  l623, MS. Cotton,  JuliusC. 3.  lAl.] 






"  (not  excepted  the  Carthusian)  whatsoever.  He 
"  was  also  an  excellent  common  lawyer,  and  there- 
"  fore  when  he  lived  in  the  houses  ot  gentlemen,  he 
"  went  under  the  name,  (and  was  generally  thought 
"  by  strangers,  upon  his  usual  discourse  of"  the  law 
"  among  tliem,)  of  their  steward.  He  was  also  a 
"  most  admirable  antitjuary,  well  skilTd  in  the  anti- 
"  quities  of  the  British  church,  and  more  especially 
"  in  the  anticjuities  of  his  most  renowned  and  antient 
"  order  of  S.  Benedict :  For  the  honour  and  anti- 
"  quity  of  which  he  spent  much  time  and  money  in 
"  searching  records,  leiger  books,  histories,  &.c.  in 
*'  order  for  the  publication  of  a  book  ;  but  his  mind 
^'  being  totally  bent  on  internal  prayer,  his  vast  col- 
^'  lections  and  transcripts  relating  to  that  order,  were 
"  methodized  by  F.  Clem.  Reyner  and  by  him  pub- 
"  lished,  as  I  shall  anon  tell  you.  The  books  that  our 
"  author  Baker  hath  ^mtten  are  many,  but  none  vet, 
"  that  I  know,  are  published.  The  titles  of  which, 
"  as  many  as  have  come  to  my  hands,  do  follow. 

"  An  Anchor  or  Stay  for  the  Spirit,  preserving 
"  it  in  Life,  in  all  Cases  of  spiritual  Storms,  or 

"  Tempests  of  Temptations,  fears,  i^c. In  oct. 

"  in  two  parts. 

"  Spiritual  Treatise,  divided  into  three  Parts, 

"  ami  called  A.  B.  C. In  oct.  approved  by  F. 

"  Rudisired  Barlow  and  F.  Leander  de  S.  Martina. 

"  Discretion :  Or  a  Treatise  of  Discretion,  that 
"  is  to  be  used  and  held  in  the  Exercises  of  a  sjn- 

"  ritual  Life. In  oct.  approved  by  the  said  per- 

"  sons,  24  Dec.  1629. 

"  Treatise  of  Confession. In  oct.  approved 

"  by  F.  Rud.  Barl.  17  Sept.  1629- 

Treatise  of  Doubts  and  Calls,  in  3  Parts. - 

"  In  oct.  approved  by  L.  de  S.  Mart.  12  May  1630, 
«  and  4  April  1634. 

"  The  Mirror  of  Patience  and  Resignation. 

"  In  oct. 

"  Discourse  concerning  the  Love  of  our  Enemies. 

"  Discourse  touching  all  Virtues  in  general. 

"  These  two  last  are  Dound  with  TTie  Mirrour  of 
"  Patience. 

"  Spiritual  Alphabet  for  the  Use  of  Beginners, 
"  with  a  Memorial  for  the  Instructor— ~— in  oct, 
"  To  which  is  added, 

"  The  Order  of  Teaching. These  two  last 

"  were  approved  by  L.  de  S.  Mart.  27  Aug.  1629, 
"  and  4  Apr.  1634. 

"  Spiritual  Emblems:  Or  short  Sayings  with 
"  tlieir  Expositions in  oct, 

"  Vox  Clamantis  in  De.serto  Animce. This 

"  book,  which  is  written  in  English,  is  an  Exposi- 
"  tion  of  Scala  Perfectimiis,  written  by  Walt.  Hil- 
"  ton.  'Tis  wTitten  very  neatly  in  a  thick  octavo, 
"  for  the  use  of  the  English  nuns  at  Cambray. 

"  Dicta  sive  Sentential  sancto7-um  Patrum,  de 

.  "  Praxi  Vita;  perfectcc. This  book,  which  is  in 

"  oct.  is  distributed  into  centuries. 

"  Directionsfor  Contemplation,  divided  into  four 
"  Parts,-— —In  qu.  approved  13  Aug.  1629. 

"  Treatise  de  Converaione  Morutn.^— In  a 
"  tliick  qu.  in  one  part. 

"  Flagcllum  Euchomachorum :  Or  against  the 
"  Impugners  or  tcilful  Ncglccters  of  the  Exercise 
"  of  mental  Prayer,  or  ofUw  due  Pursuit  thereof* 
"  In  a  large  oct. 

"  Of  the  Pall  and  Restitution  of  Man         in  oct. 
"  Instructions  for  the  right  profitable   Use  (yf 

"  mental  Prayer. in  oct. 

"  A  Book  consi.sting  (if  5  Treatises,  whereof  the 
"first  is  against  being  solicitous  (if  the  Honour  o/' 

"  the  Houjte  (rr  Order,  ^-c. in  (K;t.  approved  81 

«  October  1629. 

"  An  Enquiry  about  the  Author  (if  the  Abridg- 

"  ment  of  The  L(ulder  of  Perfection. ^in  oct. 

"  which  abridgment  was  first  written  in  Italian  by 
"  a  lady  of  Milan,  but  published  under  die  name 
"  of  one  of  the  society  of  Jesus  called  F.  Achillea 
"  Galliardi. 

"  Secretum  sive  My.sticum :  Being  an  Exposi- 
"  tioti,  or  certain  Notes  upon  the  My.stick  Books 

"  called  the  Cloud  ()f  Unknowing. In  two  parts 

"  in  oct, 

"  Treatise  concerning  the  Apostolical  Mistion 

"  into  England in  two  parts  in  qu. 

"  Treatise  concerning  Refection in  oct. 

"  Remains :  or  Supplements  to  several  Treatises 
"  written  bi/  himself. 

"  Rythmi  Spiritttales  sive  Canticorum  Liber* 
"  written  in  Lat.  in  3  tomes  in  tw. 

"  Treatise  concerning  Sickness :  or  how  to  make 
"  a  right  Use  of  Sickness. 
"  T/ie  Idcots  Devotions. 

"  An  Account  (rfhis  Life A  breviat  of  this  I 

"  have  seen,  and  from  thence  have  spoken  these 
"  matters  of  him. 

"  Apology  for  himself:  or  a  Solution  of  some 
"  Objecti<ms  made  against  his  Writings.  All  the 
"  before-mentioned  works  and  others,  are  conservetl 
"  in  9  large  tomes  in  folio  MSS.  in  the  monastery 
"  of  the  English  Benedictine  nuns  at  Cambray. 
"  There  are  Tost  six  MS.  tomes  in  fol.  of  Ecclesi- 
"  astical  History,  and  other  Antiquities,  collected 
"  by  the  said  Baker  out  of  the  best  libraries  and 
"  archives ;  having  been  assistwl  therein  l)y  the 
"  learned  Cambden,  sir  Rob.  Cotton,  sir  Hen. 
"  Spelman,  Mr.  Joh.  Selden,  and  Dr.  Fr.  Godwin 
"  bishop  of  Hereford  :  to  all  whom  he  was  most  fa- 
"  miliarly  known.  Out  of  these  collections  were 
"  taken  the  materials  of  the  AjMstolatus  Bcnedicti. 
"  noru7n  in  AngUa,  published  by  F.  Clem.  Reyner 
"  secretary  of  the  congregation,  (having  had  the  as- 
"  sistance  also  of  F.  Leander  de  S.  Martino.)  As 
"  also  many  of  the  materials  of  The  Church  Hist. 
"  of  Britanny,  &c.  pubHshed  by  Hugh  alias  Sere, 
"  nus  de  Cressy,  who  before  had  published  Sancta 

*  [In  Peter  de  Neve's  sale  of  books,  1731,  was  this  in  MS. 
A  spiritual  Treatise  intituled  Funiculus  triplex,  or  Flagcllum 
Euchonomachorum,  &c.  hy  Father  Austin  Baker.  Vide  Catat. 
p.  97.    Cole.] 




"  Sophia,  8lc.  extractctl  out  of  more  tliaii  40  trea- 
"  tises,  wiitten  by  our  author  Baker,  who  also  made 
"  translations  of  most  spiritual  authors,  whether  an- 
"  tieut  or  nuxloru  from  T-at.  into  English,  wliich 
"  are  in  three  great  folio  MSS.  and  wrot  two  trea- 
"  tises  of  the  laws  of  Englanil,  while  he  w  as  of  the 
"  Middle  Temple ;  which,  after  his  death,  iKnng 
"  left  in  the  hands  of  his  kinsman,  V.  Leander  Pri- 
"  chard  a  Benedictine  monk,  were,  after  his,  restor- 
"  cd  to  the  sujxjriors  of  his  order,  hut  lost  or  de- 
"  stroycd  at  the  pillaging  of  S.  James's  house,  or  of 
"  the  house  and  chapix*!  at  St.  John's  in  Clerken- 
"  well  near  London,  when  K.  Jam.  II.  left  England 
"  in  Decemh.  1 688.  At  length  this  most  holy  and 
"  seraphical  father  Aug.  Baker  departing  this  mor- 
"  tal  life  in  Greys-Inn-lane  in  Holboiun  near  Lon- 
"  don,  on  the  ninth  day  of  August  in  sixteen  hun- 
|9]  "  dred  forty  and  one,  was  buried  in  S.  Andrew's 
1641.  "  church  there.  He  always  wished  that  he  might 
"  die  without  company  about  him,  and  accordingly, 
"  it  seems,  he  did  so  The  day  before  he  died  he 
"  took  a  leaden  pen,  and  wrot  this,  '  Abstinence 
"  and  resignation,  I  see  must  be  my  condition,  to 
"  my  very  expiration.'  In  tlie  year  1638  there  was 
"  a  testimony  given  by  a  general  chapter  of  the 
"  Benedictine  order,  in  favour  of  his  d(x;trine  and 
"  writings ;  which  as  I  find  it  in  the  breviat  before- 
"  mentioned,  runs  thus — '  That  die  divine  calls,  in- 
"  '  spirations,  inactions,  influences  of  Gotl's  grace, 
"  '  joyned  with  the  humble  frequent  use  of  the  sa- 
"  '  craments  of  Christ,  are  the  most  noble  and  sub- 
"  '  lime  means  to  spirituality ;  without  which  to  en- 
"  '  deavour  after  contemplation  and  perfection,  were 
"  '  to  fly  without  wdngs.  And  that  those  calls,  or 
"  '  holy  lights  and  inspirations  are  always  to  be  re- 
"  '  gardecl,  but  chiefly  in  prayer  and  conversation 
"  '  with  God.  And  that  whosoever  neglecteth  his 
"  '  interior,  not  harkning  to  the  interior  voice  or 
"  '  allocution  of  the  Holy  Ghost,  nor  labouring  to 
"  '  direct  his  external  observances,  to  tast  God  more 
"  '  sweetly,  to  see  him  more  clearly,  to  love  him 
"  *  more  ardently,  and  enjoy  him  more  intimately 
"  '  in  his  soul  and  spuit,  can  never  attain  to  purity 
"  '  of  intention,  and  the  spirit  of  contemplation,  tho' 
"  '  he  be  never  so  exact  in  external  observances, 
"  '  and  austere  in  corporal  mortifications,'  &c." 

[  88  An  Account  of  the  Life  of  the  venerable  S. 
Auffustin  Baker,  Monk  of  ye  English  Congrega- 
tion of  S.  Benedict;  who  died  in  England,  upon 
the  9th  of  August,  A.  Dom.  1641,  JEtatis  sua  63. 
His  luippy  soul  rest  in  peace.  Amen.  9f.  is  in  MS., 
in  Wood's  study,  8575,  B.  4.  Begins  '  The  vene- 
rable father  Augustin  Baker  was  born  at  Aberga- 
venny in  Momnouthshire,'  &c.  The  conclusion  is 
as  follows :  '  A  certain  religious  j)riest,  who  was  a 
person  of  note  in  y"  mission,  desired  earnestly  to 
know  wherein  consisted  y"=  difference  between  y^ 
spirituality,  w^''  Mr.  Baker  taught,  and  the  spiritu- 
ality of  others,  who  opposed  or  misliked  him :  and 
this  he  desired  to  have  in  writing.     Mr.  Baker  being 

at  that  time  not  able  to  ]x?n  any  thing  himselfe, 
commended  that  affair  to  one,  whom  he  thought 
able  to  give  gtxxl  satisl'action.  And  hereujxni  a  lit- 
de  short  writing  was  drawn  up,  and  some  differences 
a-ssigned,  and  the  paper  concluded  very  dispatch- 
ingly  :  viz.  That  the  difference  was  not  between  spi- 
rituality and  spirituality,  but  between  spirituality 
and  no  spirituality,  for  his  adversaries  chd  neither 
teach  any  spirituality  nor  recjuiretl  any  in  their  sub- 
jects or  disciples ;  only  they  did  forbid  and  hinder 
any  body  to  w^'draw  themselves  from  under  their 
viagiMeriurn.  And  as  they  now  disliked  any  body 
y'  did  betake  themselves  to  Mr.  Baker's  instructions, 
so  would  they  dislike  any  that  should  resort  for  spi- 
rituall  information  to  any  body  else,  as  well  as  Mr. 

JOHN  DAWSON,  a  most  eminent  preacher  of 
his  time,  was  bom  in  Oxfordshire,  particularly,  as 
it  seems,  widiin  the  city  of  Oxon,  became  first  of  all 
conversant  with  the  muses  in  Ch.  Ch.  in  Mich, 
term  1620,  aged  about  15  years,  t(xik  one  degree 
in  arts,  and  afterwards  entring  into  holy  orders  was 
made  vicar  of  Maidenhead  in  Berks,  where  and  in 
the  neiglibourhood,  he  was  much  resorted  to  for  his 
edifying  preiiching.  After  his  death  w'ere  published 
of  his  composition,  by  one  H.  M. 

Eighteen  Sermons  preached  upon  the  Incarnation 
of  tlie  Nativity  of  Jesus  Christ,  &c.  Lond.  1642.  qu. 
[Btxil.  4to.  D.  39.  Th.]  The  five  first  are  on  John 
1.  ver.  1.  the  four  following  on  Job.  1.  ver.  2.  and 
the  nine  following  those  four,  are  on  Joh.  1.  ver.  6. 
to  ver.  14.  Which  learned  lucubrations  promise  no 
less  than  what  they  appear;  a  compendious  volume 
of  divinity.  He  died  in  the  prime  of  his  years  in 
the  beginning  of  Septemb.  in  sixteen  hundred  forty 
and  one,  and  was  buried  in  the  parish  church  of  l6'4I. 
C(x)khani  near  to  Maidenliead  before-mentioned,  on 
the  seventh  day  of  the  same  month.  Contemporary 
with  the  said  Jo.  Dawson,  I  find  another  of  Ch.  Ch. 
who  after  he  had  continued  in  the  state  of  M.  of  A. 
about  ten  years,  was  admitted  bach,  of  div.  1634. 
but  this  person,  who  was  of  genteel  parents  in  Lon- 
don, hatn  published  nothing,  as  I  can  yet  learn.'  I 
find  also  one  Joh.  Dawson  author  of  Paraphrasis 
metrica  in  Proverbia  Salonu>nis.  Lond.  1639.  oct. 
but  whether  written  by  either  of  the  former,  or  by 
a  third,  I  cannot  tell  unless  I  can  see  the  book.^ 
"  One  John  Dawson  the  son  of  a  father  of  both 
"  those  names  gent,  of  Okingham  in  Berkshire  aged 
"17  years,  was  matriculated  of  St.  Alban's  hall, 
"  May  4.  1627." 

5  [This  John  Dawsnn  was  perhaps  the  (■amc  recorded  by 
Newcoiirt  as  incumbent  of  Friarne  Barnet,  Middlesex, 
which  he  resigned  in  1663.     Rcperlnrium,  i.  606.] 

*  [The  true  title  is  Summa  Moraiis  Tlieologice  sive  Exe- 
gesis triparliti  Operis  Solomonici  Metris  consnipta,  nunc 
primum  edita,  Aulhore  Johanne  Dawson  Clerico,  e  Coll., 
JEd.  Chr.  Oxon.  in  AtMus  Mag.  sacris,  incumlenti  apud 
Maydenhith  in  com.  Berk.  LovEDAY.  Hence  it  is  clear 
that  Dawson  of  Maidenhead  was  the  author  o{  Paraplirasis 
in  Prov,  Salomonis.^ 





HENRV  MARTEN,  sun  dC  Aiilli.  Marten  ul' 
London,  son  of  Will.  Marten  of "Okynghani  in  Berks, 
by  Margaret  his  second  wife,  daughter  of  John 
Yate  of  I^yford  in  tlie  siiid  county,  was  horn  in  the 
parish  of  8.  Michael  of  Basinghaugh  within  the  said 
city  of  I^ondon,  educated  in  Wykeluun's  scIuk)!  near 
Winchester,  admitted  true  and  j)er{)etual  fellow  of 
New  coll.  in  1582,  took  the  degrees  m  the  civil  law, 
that  of  doctor  being  conij)leated  in  1592,  at  which 
time  he  was  an  enunent  advocate  at  Doctors  Com- 
mons, as  afterwards  in  the  High  Conniiission  Court.' 
In  1595  he  left  his  college,  and  became  successively 
judge  of  the  Admiralty,  twice  dean  of  the  Arches,  a 
knight,  and  in  1624  judge  of  the  Prerogative  in  the 
place  of  sir  Will.  Byrd  deceased.     In  all  which  of- 

fices and  employments  he  shewed  himself  a  most  ex- 
cellent civilian,  the  best,  for  ought  that  I  know,  that 
ever  appeared  in  our  horizon,  and  therefore  highly 
venerated  by  all  g(X)d  and  learned  men.  Towards 
j  10]  his  latter  end  he  purchased  a  fair  estate,  mostly  ly- 
ing in  Berks,  which  his  ung(xlly  son  Harry  squan- 
dred  away.  His  writings  were  many,  and  by  some 
were  thought  very  worthy  of  the  press,  but  in  whose 
hands  they  are  now,  or  whether  eml)eziled  with  his 
estate,  I  know  not.    All  that  I  have  seen  are  these  : 

Several  speeches  in  parliament."  As  (1)  Speech 
at  a  general  Committee  of  both  Houses,  22  Mny 
1628.  [BckH.  4to.  C.  80.  th.  no  date,  but  probably 
printed  at  the  time.]  (2)  Sp.  an  to  the  rational  Part 
vf  the  Matter  of' a  Conference  had  by  a  Committee 
of  both  Houses  concernimr  Sovereign  Power,  An. 
1628.  &.C.  In  which  parliament  sir  Henry  was  a 
burgess  for  the  university  of  Oxtm. 

Debates  touching-  his  Majesty's  Propositions,  and 

the  Duke  of  Buckingham,  &c.    An.  1628. See 

in  Joh.  Rush  worth's  Collections,  vol.  1.  p.  521.  617. 

Several  Arguments  and  Discourses  in  Parl.- 

See  in  a  book  entit.  The  Sovereigns  Prerogative 
and  the  Subjects  Privileges  discussed,  &.c.  3  and  4 
ofK.  Ch.  i.  Lond.  1657.  fol.  p.  140,  &c.  p.  188. 
Besides  other  things,  among  which  is  his  Speech  in 
Pari,  concerning  the  Petition  of  Right.  He  paid 
his  last  debt  to  nature  on  the  26  of  Sept.  in  sixteen 
i04i.  hundred  forty  and  one,  aged  81,  and  was  buried  in 
a  chappel  joyning  on  the  north  sitle  of  tlie  chancel 
belonging  to  the  church  of  his  manour  of  Long- 
worth  near  to  Abingdon  in  Berks.  Over  his  gi-ave, 
and  that  of  his  wife,  their  son  Harry  Marten  before- 
■mention''d  erected  a  comely  monument,  with  an  in- 
scription thereon,  the  contents  of  which  I  shall  now 
pass  by  for  brevity's  sake. 

[See  colonel  Henry  Marten's  Familiar  Letters  to 
his  Lady  of  Delight,  4to.  Lond.  1663.  Letter  pre- 
fixed to  the  others,  where  it  is  thus  said :  '  You 
lived  in  Aldersgate-street,  under  the  tuition  of  the 

'  [Mr.  Hen.  Marten,  advocate  for  all  ecclesiasticall  causes. 
See  in  the  latter  end  of  The  first  14  Years  nf  K.  James  /. 
)).  41.  Wood,  MS.  note  in  his  copy  of  the  Athen^e  pre- 
served in  the  Ashmolc  niusiiim.] 

'  [See  MSS.  Harl.  ll'IQ,  1721,  230.5,6800.] 

Vol..  III. 

then  called  lilew-nos''d  Romanist  your  father,  who 
wa-s  the  l)est  civilian  of  our  horizon,  and  a  *wr- 
sxoinger,  a.s  they  termed  him — he  htul  but  40/.  per 
ann.  of  his  own.' — penes  me.     Coi.k. 

H.  Marten  de  civ.  Lond.  co.  Midd.  adniiss.  (ad 
coll.  Nov.)  1582,  Aug.  19.— LL.  d(x;tor;  oflicialis 
archidiac.  Berks ;  advocatus  regiiis  ;  e<|ues  auratiis ; 
cancellarius  London ;  judex  curia-  admiralitatis.»] 

ROBERT  BURHILL  or  Burghill  received 
his  first  breath  at  Dym<x;k  in  Glocestershire,  but 
descended  from  those  of  his  name,  as  I  conceive, 
that  lived  at  Thinghill  in  Herefordshire,  was  admit- 
ted scholar  of  Coq).  Ch.  coll.  13  Jan.  1587,  aged  15 
years,  probationer  fellow  thereof  20  Mar.  1584, 
being  tnen  M.  of  A.  and  about  that  time  in  holy 
orders.  At  length  having  a  jwrsonage  conferred  on 
him  in  Norfolk,  and  a  residentiaryship  in  the  church 
of  Hereford,  he  proceeded  D.  of  divinity.  He  was 
a  person  of  great  reading  and  profound  judgment, 
was  well  vers'd  in  the  fathers  and  schoolmen,  right 
learned  and  well  grounded  in  the  Hebrew  tongue, 
an  exact  tlisputant,  and  in  his  younger  years  a  noted 
Latin  jx>et.  He  was  much  respected  and  valued 
by  sir  Walt.  Raleigh  for  his  schola.stica]  accomplish- 
ments, who  finding  him  a  person  of  great  learning, 
hatl  his  assistance  in  criticisms,  in  the  reading  and 
opening  of  Greek  and  Hebrew  authors,  when  he  was 
composing  the  History  of  the  World,  during  his 
confinement  in  the  Tower  of  I.,ondon.  But  let  those 
things  which  he  hath  published,  that  have  been 
taken  into  the  hands  of  very  learned  men,  speak  his 
worth  and  excellency.     The  titles  of  which  follow. 

Invitatorius  Panegyricus,  ad  Regem  optimum  de 
EUzabetha;  nuper  Regime  posterivre  ad  Oxoniam 
Adventu,  &c.  Oxon.  1603.  in  two  sh.  in  qu. 

In  Controversiam  inter  Jo.  Howsonum  4"  TJto- 
mam  Pyuvi  S.  T.  Doctores  de  novis  Divortium 
ob  Adulterium  Nuptris  Sfc.  in  sex  Commcntutitmes, 
^  Elenchum  monitorium  distinctus.  Ubi  6f  ad 
excusam  D.  Pyi  ad  D.  Hojcsonum  Epistolam,  qua 
Libri  Horcsoniani  Refutationem  molitnr,  ^  ad  ejus- 
dem  alteram  Manu  scriptam  Epistolam  ejusd.  Ar- 
gumenti,  qua  ccmtra  Alb.  Gentilem  disputat,  dili- 
genter  respondcttir.  Oxon.  1606.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to. 
Y.  2.  Th.  Seld.l  In  the  general  title  before  the 
second  edit,  of  Dr.  Howson's  Thesis  printinl  here- 
with, the  aforesaid  large  title  is  thus  abbreviated, 
Thcseos  Defensio  contra  Reprehensionem  Thonuc 
Pyi  S.  T.  Doctoris.  The  Elenchus  Monitorius  at 
the  end,  contains  4  sheets. 

Responsio  pro  Tortnra  Torti  contra  Mart.  Be- 
canum  Jesuitam.  Lond.  1611.  <x;t. 

De  Potentate  regid  &  Usurpatione  papali  pro 
Tortnra  Torti  contra  Parellum  Andr.  Eudecmon- 
Johannis  Jcsuitce.     Oxon.  1613.  oct. 

Assertio  pro  Jure  regie  contra  Martini  Becaiti 

9  \Cat.  Sociorum  Coll.  Nov.  Oxon.  MS.  inter  cod.  Raw- 
liiisoh  ill  bibl.  Bodl.  notat.  Misc.  130,  fol.  77-] 






Jeauitte  Controversiam  Anglicanam.    Lond.  1613. 
oct.  [Bail.  8vo.  B.  97.  Th.l 

Defens'io  Rcspons'ionis  Jo.  Buckridgii  ad  Apo- 
log'uim  Roberti  Card.  BeUarmini.  printed  with  the 
Assertlo,  &c. 

Comment,  in  d'lfficUiora  Job.  MS.  in  two  folios 
in  Comus  Ch.  coll.  library.  Which  book  Elias 
Wrencn  of  the  said  coll.  transcribed  in  a  fair  cha- 
racter, and  put  tlie  Hebrew  into  Hebrew  letters, 
wliich  before  were  in  Latin.  At  the  end  of  the  said 
Conuiicntarij,  in  the  second  vol.  was  added,  Para- 
phrash  Poctka  on  tJie  said  Book  of  Job  by  E. 
Wrench  before-mentioned,  bom  in  Gloucestershire, 
st>n  of  Elias  Wrench,  if  I  mistake  not,  prebendary 
of  Gloucester,  admitted  scholar  of  C.  C.  coll.  5  Jan. 
1621,  "*aged  16,  made  feUow  1630," 
•  Afterwards  afterward  bach,  of  div.  and  in  Apr. 
"SI  Fimtdif  1644  rector  of  Trent  in  Somersetshire, 
(by  the  presentation  of  the  president 
and  fellows  of  his  house)  where  he  died  and  was  bu- 
ried in  the  month  of  June  1680.  Our  author  Bur- 
hill  also  wrote  a  book  entit. 

Tractatios  contra  Monarchomaclios  3)  Hierarclio- 
maclion  pro  Rcgibiis  &'  Episcopis.  MS.  in  the  ar- 
chives ot  Bodley's  library  ;  also 

Britannia  Scholastica :  vel  de  Britanniae  Rebtts 
itcholastis  Lib.  10.  'Tis  a  Lat.  poem  in  qu.  dedi- 
cated to  sir  Tho.  Bcxlley,  and  is  reserved  as  a  rarity 
(for  'tis  a  MS.)  in  the  archives  of  his  library.  The 
said  ten  books  are  thus  entit.  1.  Heroiais.  2.  Pro- 
vincia.  3.  Heptarchia.  4.  Alfredus.  5.  Neotus.  6. 
EyUda.  7.  Parallismus.  8.  Itinerarium.  9.  Benc- 
meriti.  10.  Fotus,  meaning  Fox,  founder  of  C.  C. 
coll.  He  also  published  A  Sermon  of  Dr.  Miles 
Smith  B.  ofGlouc.  preacJied  at  an  Assize  in  Ciren- 
cester, on  Jer.  9.  ver.  23,  24.  At  length  upon  the 
approach  of  the  civil  wai-  in  England,  our  author 
Burliill  retired  for  quietness  sake  to  his  rectory  of 
Northwold  near  to  Thetford  in  Norfolk,  where  dy- 
ing in  the  month  of  Octob.  or  thereabouts,  in  sixteen 
hundred  forty  and  one,  was  buried  in  the  chancel  of 
the  church  there,  on  the  south  side,  near  to  the  en- 
trance thereof  from  the  church,  as  I  have  been  in- 
formed by  the  letters  of  Mr.  Joh.  Burrel  minister 
of  Thetford,  dated  3  May  1673,  who  also  tells  me 
therein,  that  '  Dr.  Burhill  was  had  in  general  esteem 
of  a  very  great  scholar,  and  a  right  worthy  church- 
man.— Tnat  the  memory  of  him  is  pleasant  to  those 
that  knew  him,'  8ic. 

[Dr.  Sam.  Knight,  archdeacon  of  Berks,  put  up  a 
monument  for  BurhiU  in  Nortwold  church,  and  m- 
scription,  which  see  in  my  xxix  vol.  of  MS.  Collec- 
tions (now  in  the  British  Museum)  p.  213.  Cole. 
BurhiU  was  also  rector  of  Snailwell,  Cambridge- 

"  ROBERT  ASHLEY  an  esquire's  son,  and  a 
"  Wiltshire  man  bom,  being  descended  from  those 
"  of  his  name  living  at  Na,snlll  in  the  same  coimty, 
"  became  a  gent.  com.  of  Hart-hall  1580,  aged  15 

"  years,  and  there  trmned  up  in  the  arts  and  learned 
"  languages.  Afterwards  he  receded  to  the  Middle 
"  Temple,  without  the  honour  of  a  degree,  and  being 
"  made  barrester,  he  was  engaged  and  dunominatecl 
"  among  the  professors  of  the  common  law.  But 
"  finding  the  practice  thereof  to  have  ebbs  and  tides, 
"  he  applyed  himself  to  the  learning  of  the  languages 
"  of  our  neighbours,  the  French,  Dutch,  S|>aniard, 
"  and  Italian,  to  the  end  that  he  might  Ix;  partaker 
"  of  the  wisdom  of  those  nations,  having  been  many 
"  years  of  this  opinion,  that  '  as  no  one  soil  or  ter- 
"  ritory  yieldeth  all  fruits  alike,  so  no  one  climate 
"  or  region  affordeth  all  kind  of  knowledge  in  full 
"  measure.'  At  length  he  travelled  into  France, 
"  Holland,  &c.  and  sjiending  some  time  among  the 
"  learned,  and  in  the  pubhc  libraries  thereof,  he  re- 
"  turned  a  very  knowmg  and  compleat  gentleman, 
"  lived  many  years  in  the  Middle-Temple,  and 
"  honoured  the  commonwealth  of  learnmg  witli 
"  several  of  his  lucubrations ;  among  wluch  are 
"  these : 

"  A  Relation  of  the  Kingdom,  of  Cochin-China, 
"  containing  many  admirable  Rarities  and  Sing-u- 
"  larities  of  that  Country.  Lond.  1633,  (ju.  [Bodl. 
"  4to.  L.  70.  Art.  a  presentation  copy  from  the  au- . 
"  thor,]  mostly,  or  all,  taken  from  an  Italian  rela- 
"  tion  (then  lately  presented  to  the  pope)  of  Chris- 
"  topher  Barri,  who  lived  certain  years  in  the  said 
"  country  of  Cochin-China.  He  also  translated  from 
"  French  into  Latin  verse  the  Uranie  or  Celestial 
"  Muse  of  WUl.  de  Saluste  lord  of  Bartis,  printed 
"  at  Lond.  1589,  in  about  2  sh.  in  qu.  dedicated  to 
"  sir  Henry  Unton  of  Wadley,  knight ;  and  from 
"  Spanish  into  English ;  Almunsor  the  Learned  and 
"  Victorious  King  that  conquc7-ed  Spain,  his  Ltfe 
"  and  Death;  Lond.  1627.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  H.  4. 
"  Art.]  printed  in  Spanish  at  Saragoza  in  1603, 
"  from  the  Arabian  copy  remaining  in  the  Escurial, 
"  where  our  author  Ashley  did  once  see  a  glorious 
"  golden  library  of  Araliian  books,  as  he  himself 
"  confessed! :  And  also  from  the  Italian  into  the 
"  English  tongue,  II  Davide  Persegnitute,  David 
"  Persecuted,  Lond.  1637.  oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  T.  79. 
"  Th.]  originally  written  by  marquess  Virgilio  Mal- 

'  [Ant.  Wood  is  not  exact  in  his  account  of  one  transla- 
tion, viz.  Almansor,  &c.  his  Life  and  Death.  As  appeal^  by 
the  translator's  own  account  in  his  preface  to  the  rcailer. — 
'Amongst  the  rest  1  happened  on  an  Arabian  historic  concern- 
ing the  lossc  of  Spaine  Dy  Roderigoking  of  the  Goihea,  which 
by  commandment  of  king  Philip  the  second  was  translated 
into  Spanish  out  of  the  Arabian  copie  reniayning  in  the  Escu- 
rial ;  where  I  my  selfe  haue  scene  a  glorious  golden  tibrarie  of 
Arabian  boukes.  Jn  the  midst  of  that  historic,  1  found  a 
summarie  collection,  or  obseruation  of  the  life  and  death  of 
a  learned  Arabian  king  Jacob  Almansor  the  conquerour  of 

Spaine' '  hauing  oportunitie  in  my   hand  I  thought  it 

conuenient  to  giue  satisfaction  by  translating  it  out  of  the 
Spanish  copie  which  was  printed  at  Saragoza  1603.  remayn- 
ing  in  that  unparalleld  rare  librarie  of  the  uniucrsitic  of  Ox- 
ford, and  there  hence  out  of  the  larger  Hisiorie  of  the  Con- 
quest of  Spaine  by  the  Moons,  (being  then  the  snbiccts  of 
his  Almansor)  by  me  excerpted  and  published.'  Wanley.] 





"  vezzi.  To  the  impression  of  wliidi,  or  at  least 
"  part  of  it,  was  put  a  new  title  bearing  date  1650, 
"  [Bodl.  8vo.  A.  14.  Th.  BS.]  witli  the  picture  be- 
"  fore  it  of  K.  Ch.  I.  playing  on  a  harp,  resembling 
[12]  "  K.  David,  purposely  to  make  all  the  impression 

"  sell  off,  such  mc  the  usual  shifts  which  bmjk- 
"  sellers  use.  This  Mr.  Ashley  died,  in  a  good 
"  old  age,  in  the  iK'ginning  of*^  Octob.  in  sixteen 
i()4i.  "  hundred  forty  and  one,  and  was  buried  on  the 
"  fourth  day  oi  the  same  month  in  the  church  be- 
"  longing  to  the  Temples,  next  to  the  barresters 
"  seat,  near  to  the  cross  isle,  at  the  foot  of  the  stone, 
"  which  hath  now,  or  at  least  had  lately,  inscribed 
"  on  it,  Oblivlotii  saci-um.  In  Apr.  following  there 
"  was  an  order  made  by  the  benchers  of  the  Middle- 
"  Temple,  that  the  books  given  by  the  said  Ashley 
"  thereunto  should  be  kept  under  lock  and  key,  till 
"  a  hbrary  was  built." 

JOHN  EATON,  a  Kentish  man  born,  became 
the  firet  receiver  of  the  exhibition  which  Rich. 
Blount  gave  to  Trinity  college,  an.  1590,  aged  15 
years  ;  took  the  degrees  in  arts,  that  of  ma.ster  being 
compleatcd  in  1603.  Afterwards  he  became  a  cu- 
rate for  several  years  in  divers  places,  and  at  length 
in  1625,  or  therealwuts,  he  was  made  minister  and 
preacher  at  Wickhani  Market  in  Suffolk,  where  he 
continued  to  the  time  of  his  death,  being  accounted 
by  all  the  neighbouring  ministers  a  grand  Antino- 
mian,  if  not  one  of  the  founders  of  the  sect  so  called. 
His  works  are, 

The  Discovery  of  a  viost  dangerous  dead  Faith. 
Lond.  1641.  in  tw.  [Botll.  8vo.  E.  15.  Th.  Seld.] 

Abraham's  Steps  of  Faith — printed  with  the  for- 

The  Honey-comb  of  free  Justification  by  Christ 
alone,  collected  end  af'ilie  meer  Authorities  of  Scrip- 
ture, &c.  Lond.  1642,  in  a  thick  quarto,  [Bool. 
4to.  E.  8.  Th.  Seld.]  pubhshed  by  Rob.  Lancaster, 
who,  in  his  epistle  before  it,  tells  us  that  '  the  au- 
thor's faith,  zeal,  and  diligence  in  doing  his  calling ; 
and  his  fmth,  patience,  and  cheerfulness  in  suffering 
for  the  same,  were  so  exemplary,  that  they  are  wor- 
thy to  be  set  forth  as  a  pattern  not  only  to  all  good 
people  and  ministers  now,  but  even  all  succeeding 
generations,'  Sac.  Thus  he,  who  was  one  of  his  ad- 
mirers and  sect :  by  which  we  are  given  to  under- 
stand, that  he  suffered  much  from  his  diocesan  and 
others  for  his  heterodox  opinions.  At  length  dying 
at  Wickham  Market  before-mention''d  in  sixteen  hun- 
1(541.  dretl  forty  and  one,  was  there  buried.  In  his  pa- 
storal charge  succeeded  one  Zeph.  Smith,  who  after- 
wards published  Directions  Jor  Seekers  and  Ex- 
pectants: or  a  Guide  fir  weak  Christians  in  tfiese 
di-wontented  Times,  &c.  on  Psal.  119-  Ver.  102. 
Ixmd.  1646.  qu.  and  perhaps  other  things. 

BARNABAS  POTTER  received  his  first  being 
in  this  world  within  the  barony  of  Kendall  in  the 
county  of  Westmorland,  became  a  student  in  Queen's 

college  in  the  beginning  of  tlie  year  1594,  nTwi  15 
years.  ^Vhcre,  after  he  had  undergone,  with  some 
hardship,  the  place  of  a  jKJor  serving  child  and  ta- 
barder,  he  was,  when  mast,  of  arts,  made  fellow  of  the 
said  college.  Afterwards  entring  into  holy  orders, 
he  became  not  only  a  puritanical  i)reatlier  in  these 
parts,  but  at  Totness  \n  Devonshire,  where  he  was 
much  followed  by  the  party.  In  1616  he 
proceeded  in  divinity,  and  in  the  year  following  wa« 
elected  provost  of  his  college :  *  which  place  he  hold- 
ing about  10  years,  resign'd  it,  (lieing  then  one  of 
the  king's  chaplains)  and  by  his  interest  got  his  ne- 
phew Cnristopher  Potter  to  succeed  him.  In  1628 
he,  tho'  a  thorough  pac'd  Calvini-st,  was  made  bishop 
of  Carlisle,  "  by  the  endeavours '  of  bishop  Laud  ;" 
to  which  being  consecrated  in  the  chappel  of  Elv 
House  in  Holooum  near  London,  on  tne  15th  of 
March,  had  the  temporahties  thereof'  given  to  him 
by  the  king  on  the  23d  of  the  same  month,  in  the 
year  before-mentioned.  He  hath  written  and  pub- 

Lectures  on  the  sixteenth  CJiapt.  of  Genesis. 

When  or  where  printed  I  know  not. 

Led.  on  the  12,  13,  14,  15,  17,  \Sth  Chapters  of 
Genesis. — Whether  printed  I  cannot  tell.  He  hat! 
also  written  Lectures  on  the  PUiguea  of  Egypt  Jroin 
Exodus,  and  On  the  Beatitudes  Jrom  part  of  S. 
Luke,  but  are  not,  as  I  conceive,  extant 

Several  Sermons,  as  (1.)  The  Baronefs  Burial: 
Or,  a  Funeral  Sermon  at  the  Solemnities  of  that 
honourable  Baronet  Sir  Edxoard  Seymour'' s  Burial ;  [13] 
on  Deut.  34.  ver.  5.  Oxon.  1613.  qu.  (2.)  Sermon 
on  Easter  Tuesday  at  the  Spital,  &c.  This  learn- 
ed and  godly  bishop  gave  way  to  fate  in  his  lodgings 
within  tne  parish  of  S.  Paul  in  Covent  Garden  near 
London,  in  the  beginning  of  January  in  sixteen  hun- 
dred forty  and  one :  whereupon  his  body  was  buried  iftn. 
in  the  church  belon^ng  to  that  parish  on  the  sixth 
day  of  the  same  month :  At  which  time  he  lefl  be- 
hind him  a  widow  named  Elizabeth,  but  whether 
any  children  I  cannot  tell. 

{Whilst  king's  chaplsdn  Potter  was  styled  the  pe- 
nitential preacher. 

He  was  the  last  bishop  who  died  a  member  of  par- 
hament.     MS.  Note  in  Mr.  Heber's  copy. 

Potter  was  bom  at  Westmester,  Kendal,  West- 
moreland, and  there  educated  under  a  puritanical 
schoolmaster  named  Maxwell.  He  was  afterwards 
called  the  puritanical  bishop,  and  those  of  an  oppo- 
site turn  used  to  say  in  jest,  that  the  noise  of  an  or- 
gan would  blow  him  out  of  the  church. 

^  [He  was  chosen  with  the  unanimous  consent  of  the  fel- 
lows, when,  being  at  a  great  distance,  he  never  dreamt  of  it. 
MS.  Note  in  Mr.  Heber's  copy.'] 

s  [See  the  Hist,  of  the  Troubles  and  Trial  efArchb.  Laud, 
chap.  39,  p.  3O9.  It  should  be  recorded  also,  that  this  ad- 
vancement was  procured  without  the  knowledge  of  Potter 
himself.  '  And,'  says  Lloyd,  '  when  others  pressed  for  the 
place,  the  king  said  peremptorily,  that  Potter  should  have  it.' 
Memoirs,  p.  154.] 

«  Pat.  4  Car.  l.p.  37- 





His  reason  for  rcsigiiiiig  the  hcadsliij)  of  (^iiecn''s 
was  a  desire  ol'  doiii';  lus  duty  at  his  iK'iiefice  in  the 

'  He  was,'  says  bish.  Hall,"  '  tniely  conseionable, 
pious,  painful,  zealous  in  promoting  the  glory  of 
God,  ready  to  encourage  all  faithful  preachers,  and 
to  censure  and  correct  the  lazie  and  scandalous; 
careful  of  the  due  inip>sition  of  his  hands ;  incek 
and  unblanieable  in  all  his  carriage.' 

His  character  was  most  cxemjjlary  in  every  par- 
ticular, and  his  houshold,  by  his  ])recept  and  exam- 
ple, so  tlevout,  that  it  was  called  thv praijiiifffiimihj. 
Notwithstanding  his  office,  at  that  time  nated  by 
many,  he  was  lielovetl  by  all  sects,  and  even  those 
who  refuse<l  to  come  to  cnurch,  were  hapjiy  to  c"on- 
verse  with  him,  l)ecause,  said  they,  we  would  go 
with  him  to  Heaven  ! 

'  There  neetl  no  more  added  to  his  life,'  says  Da- 
vid Lloyd,'  '  or  written  on  his  grave,  than  that  Uiis 
was  the  man ;  1 .  That  had  been  a  constant  preacher, 
and  repentetl  at  his  death  that  he  hml  not  been  a 
more  constant  catechist :  2.  That  interceded  for  li- 
berty of  conscience  so  long  for  non-conformists  with 
the  Icing,  till  he  saw  neither  the  king  nor  himself 
could  enjoy  their  own  consciences ;  that  feared  the 
pretence  of  religion  woidd  overthrow  the  reality  of 
It,  and  tliat  the  divisions  in  liis  age  would  breed 
atheism  in  the  next.'] 

«  WILLIAM  CROMPTON,  a  younger  son  of 
"  Rich.  Crompton,  an  eminent  coimsellor  at  law, 
"  was  lK)rn  and  educated  in  grammar  in  the  parish 
"  of  Leigh  near  Wvgan  in  Lancashire,  became  a 
"  commoner  of  Brascn-nose  coll.  on  the  10th  of  Apr. 
"  1617,  aged  18  years,  took  the  degrees  in  arts, 
"  holy  orclers,  and  soon  after  became  preacher  of 
"  the  word  of  Gotl  at  Little  Kymbell  in  Bucking- 
"  hamshire.  Much  about  that  time  being  acquaint- 
"  ed  with  Dr.  Rich.  Pilkington  rector  of  Hamble- 
"  ton  in  the  said  county,  he  married  one  of  his 
"  daughters  begotten  on  the  body  of  his  wife  the 
"  dau.  of  Dr.  Joh.  Mey,  sometimes  bishop  of  Car- 
"  lisle,  and  received  from  him  instructions  to  pro- 

'  [So  says  Lloyd  (Memoires,  See.  1668.)  I  owe  the  fol- 
lowing note  to  the  present  worthy  provost  of  Queen's,  Dr. 
Septimus  CoUinson,  Margaret  professor  of  divinity. — '  Dr. 
Barnabas  Potter  was  admitted  of  Queen's  college  in  1594, 
and  was  chosen  provost  on  the  14th  day  of  October  1616. 
He  resigned  the  provostship  on  the  17th  day  of  June  1626, 
and  was  succeeded  in  that  office  by  his  nephew  Christopher 
Potter,  B.  D.  who  was  chosen  on  the  same  day.  The  elec- 
tion was  confirmed  on  the  last  day  of  the  month  by  the  arch- 
bishop of  York. 

'  Barnabas  Potter  was  not  consecrated  bishop  of  Carlisle 
till  the  year  1628.  But  there  is  no  accountof  his  having  en- 
joyed any  preferment  in  the  North  previously  to  his  being 
made  bishop.  I  am  of  opinion  that  David  Lloyd  was  mis- 
taken.    S.  C] 

'  [A  modest  Offer,  &c.  Hall's  Remains,  4to.  1660,  page 

'  tMemaires  of  those  that  suffered  in  the  Civil  Wars,  &c. 
Lond.  1668,  folio,  page  165.} 

"  cectl  in  liis  tlieological  studies,  and  withal  an  in- 
"  veterate  averseness  to  |)ojK'ry  or  any  thing  that 
"  l(x)ked  that  way.  Thence  by  the  jKisuasion  of 
"  his  acquaintance  Dr.  G.  Hakewill,  he  removed  to 
"  Barnstaple  in  Devonshire,  became  lecturer  there, 
"  and  was  much  followed  and  admired  by  the  puri- 
"  tanical  peo))le  of  that  pliu-e  and  in  the  neighbour- 
"  h(Kxl :  Init  his  tl<x.-trine  being  not  esteemed  by 
"  many  orthoilox,  or  as  ot  his  ix-rsuasion  say, 
"  that  he  was  envied  by  the  vicar  thereof,  because 
"  he  was  l)etter  l)eli)ved  than  him,  he  was  forced 
"  thence  by  the  diocesan  and  ecclesiastical  power, 
"  and  thereujion  receiving  a  quick  cull,  he  removed 
"  to  Lancestoii  in  Cornwall,  where  being  a  preacher 
"  in  the  church  of  S.  Mary  Magd.  he  continued  in 
"  gtxxl  estimation  among  the  precise  ]x«ple  alxiut 
"  four  years,  and  then  to  their  grief  he  was  untimely 
"  snatched  away  by  death  in  the  prime  of  his  years. 
"  He  hath  written, 

^  .S'.  Au.sthCs  Religion ;  zcherein  is  manifestly 
'■'■proved  out  of  the  Worhs  of  that  learned  Father, 
"  Re.  that  he  dissented  from  Popery,  and  agreed 
"  icith  the  Religiott  of  the  Protestants,  contrary  to 
"  th^  slandennus  Po.<tition  of  the  Papists,  who  affirm, 
"  tliat  we  had  no  Religion  before  the  Times  of  Lu- 
"  ther  and  Calvin,  Lond.  l625.  qu.  []5odl.  4to.  C. 
"  19.  Th.  BS.] 

"  S.  AiiMins  Sums:  or,  the  Sums  of  S.  AuMins 
"  Religion,  S\c.  fnym  whence  may  be  proved,  tluit 
"  S.  AuMin  agreed  with  the  Church  of  England  in 
"  all  the  main  Points  of  Faith  and  Dmtrines,  ?w 
'^''  Ansicer  to  Mr.  Joh.  Brcerlcy  Priest.  Lond.  1625. 
"  qu.    [B(xll.   4to.   C.  19.   Th.   BS.]     These    two 
"  b(K)ks  were  written  by  the  author ^t  Little  Kym- 
"  bell,  and  the  was  an  undertaking  (as  a  puri- 
"  tanical  writer"  tells  us)  greatly  approved  by  K. 
"  James ;  for  lK>ing  cailctl  before  his  majesty  as  a 
"  delinquent,  in  delivering  a  false  view  of  some  of 
"  S.  Austin's  works,  was,  to  the  sorrow  of  his  ene- 
"  mies.  Dr.  Laud,  &c.  dismiss'd  with  a  scholar's  re- 
"  ward.     But  this  matter  will  appear  in  a  clearer 
"  light  from  the  Diary  of  the  Life  of  Archh.  Laud., 
"  published  by  Mr.  Hen.  Wharton  1695,  wherein, 
"  p.  14,  are  these  passages  relating  to  this  author 
"  and  book.     'An.  1624,  Dec.  21.  Mr.  Crompton 
"  '  had  set  forth  a  book    called,    St.   Augustiris 
"  '  Sums.     His  majesty  found   fault   with   divers 
"  '  passages  in  it.    He  was  put  to  recall  some  things 
"  '  m  wnting.     He  hafl  dedicated  this  Ixxjk  to  my 
"  '  lord  duke  of  Bucks.     My  lord  sent  him  to  me 
"  '  to  overlook  the  articles,  in  which  he  had  recall'd 
"  '  and  explain'd  himself,  that  I  might  see  whether 
"  '  it   were  well  done  and   fit   to  shew  the  king. 
"  '  This  day  Mr.  Crompton  brought  his  pajxjrs  to 
"  '  me.     Dec.  23.    I  deliver'd  these  papers  back  to 
"  '  Mr.  Crompton.     The  same  day  at  York-house 
"  '  I  gavemy  lord  duke  of  Bucks  my  answer,  what 
"  '  I  thought  of  these  papers.    Dec.  31.  his  majesty 

"  "  George  Hughes  of  Plymouth  in  his  funeral  sermon 
preached  at  the  interment  of  Will.  Crompton." 





"  '  sent  for  me,  and  delivered  unto  me  Mr.  Cromp- 
"  '  ton's  papers  tlie  second  time,  (after  I  had  read 
"  '  then)  over  to  himself)  and  eonnnanded  nie  to 
"  '  correct  them,  as  they  niiwht  pass  in  the  doctrine 
"  '  of  the  diurch  of  England.  Jan.  3.  I  had  made 
[141  "  '  ready  these  papers,  and  waited  iijion  my  lord 
"  '  duke  of  Bucks  with  them ;  and  he  broufrht  me 
"  '  to  the  king;  there  I  was  about  an  hour  and  a 
"  '  half,  reading  them  and  talking  about  them  with 
"  '  his  majesty  and  my  lord  duke.' 
"  Mr.  Crompton  hath  also  published, 
"  Several  Sermons,  as  (1.)  A  lusting  Jewel  for  rc- 
"  ligimts  Women,  preaehed  at  Barnntaple  at  the 
"  Funeral  of  Mm.  Mary  Cross,  11  Nov.  162H,  on 
"  Prov.  31".  19.  Lond.  1629,  &c.  qu.  (2.)  The 
"  Wedding-ring  fitted  for  the  Finger,  preaehed  at 
"  Barnstaple  at  a  Wedding  20  July  1630,  on  Prov. 
"  31.  30,  31.  Lond.  1630.  qu. 

"  ExpUeation  of  the  P7-iiiciples  of  Christian  Re- 
"  ligion,  compri::ed  in  the  Cateehism  set  (hnan  in 
"  tJie  Book  of  Comtnon  Prayer.  Lond.  1633.  oct. 
"  or  tw.  [BwU.  8vo.  C.  245.  Th.]  This  was  be- 
"  gan  and  finished  at  Barnstaple  in  Devon.  At 
"  length  he  giving  way  to  fate  m  the  beginning  of 
1C45.  "  January  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  one,  was 
"  buried  on  the  fifth  day  of  the  same  month  in  the 
"  yai'd  belonging  to  S.  Alary  Magd.  chiu-ch  at  I«in- 
"  ceston  before-mention'd,  near  to  the  d<x)r  leading 
"  thence  into  the  chancel.  Over  his  grave  was  after- 
"  wards  a  large  tomb  erected,  with  an  epitaph  there- 
"  on,  now  scarce  legible,  made  by  Mr.  George 
"  Hughes  of  Plymouth,  who  preached  the  sermon 
"  at  his  interment  on  psal.  16.  10.  printed  at  Lond. 
"  1642.  in  qu.  imder  this  title.  The  Art  of  Embalm- 
^^  ing  dead  Saints,  wherein  are  several  things  said 
"  relating  to  our  author  Crompton.  But  this  I  have 
"  not  yet  seen,  and  therefore  have  not  said  so 
"  largely  of  him,  as  otherwise  I  might  have  done. 
"  He  left  beliind  him  a  son  of  both  his  names,  who 
"  was  afterwards  an  eminent  nonconformist  in  De- 
•*  vonshire,  as  I  shall  tell  you  hereafter." 

BARTHOLOMEW  PARSONS,  a  most  lalw- 
rious  and  frequent  preacher,  was  a  Somersetshire 
man  Iwrn,  and  of  the  same  family  with  fath.  Parsons 
the  Jesuit,  applied  his  mind  to  academical  studies  in 
Oriel  coll.  in  the  year  1590,  aged  16  years  or  there- 
abouts, took  the  degrees  in  arts,  holy  orders,  and 
preached  constantly  for  a  time  in  these  parts.  In 
1611  he  was  admitted  to  the  reading  of  the  sen- 
tences, being  abtnit  that  time  vicar  of  Collingbourne- 
Kingston,  and  rector  of  Ludgarshall  in  Wiltshire ; 
at  which  places  he  was  much  followed  and  admired 
for  his  hospitality  and  preaching.  He  hath  written 
and  published 

Sermons,  as  (1.)  The  Barren  Tree''s  Doom  ;  on 
Matth.  3.  10.  Lond.  1616.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  P.  46. 
Th.]  (2.)  Sermmi  m  Psal.  82.  6.  printed  1616. 
qu.  (3.)  First  Fruit  of  the  Gentiles ;  three  Ser- 
mons on  Matth.  2.  ver.  1,  2,  &c.  Lond.  1618.  qu. 

Th.]     (6.)  Four  Scrnumti, 
1.   16.35.  iiu.     (7.)  Scrnuxn 

(4.)  Dorciu,  or  a  perfeet  Pattern  nf  true  Dixi- 
pline;  on  Acts  9.  36.  Oxon.  16.31.  <ju.  [Hodl.  Mo. 
S.  42;  Th.]  (5.)  Boa;:  and  iluth  blessed:  or  a  »tu 
ered  Cotdract,  isc:  on  Ruth,  4.  11.  Oxon.  16.33. 
(ju.  [Bwll.  4to.  M.  29. 
oti  Acts  10.  1,  2.  I.,ond.  lo.).^.  qi 
on  Ephes.  6.  12,  13.  Oxon.  1637.  ((u.  (8.)  Hi$. 
torij  ofTitlics:  or.  Tithes  vindicated  to  the  Pres- 
h/ter's  of  the  Gospel;  on  Deut.iiS.  11.  Oxon.  1637. 
(|u.  [B(kII.  HH.  30.  Th.l  This  sernum  hath  also 
this  Tvat.  title,  Honos  est  Unu.s  Levitarum.  (9.)  Ser- 
mon at  the  Funeral  of  Sir  Franc.  Pile,  Burt,  at 
Collingbourne-Kingston  in  the  Cminty  of  WUig, 
8  Dee.  1635;  on  Isai.  57.  1,  2.  Oxon.  1636.  qu. 
[Bodl.  4to.  B.  25.  Th.]  and  others  which  I  have 
not  yet  seen.  This  venerable  and  frequent  preacher 
Mr.  Barth.  Parsons  tlitnl  in  the  latter  enu  of  Fe- 
bruary in  sixteen  Inmdred  forty  and  one,  and  was 
buried  imder  the  south  wall  of  the  chancel  of  the 
church  of  Ludgarshall  Ijefore-mention'd  on  the  27th 
day  of  the  same  month,  as  the  register  of  that 
church  infijrm'd  my  sometimes  acquaintance  Tho. 
Gore  of  Alderton  in  Wilts,  escj;. 

«  GEORGE  CROKE  s<m  of  sir  .loh.  C"n)ke  knt. 
"  one  of  the  justices  of  the  KingVBench  (who  dying 
"  23  January  1619,  Wiis  buried  in  the  churcli  at  Chif- 
"  ton  near  Brill  in  Bucks)  wa.s  lx)rn  of,  and  dc- 
"  scended  from,  an  antient  family  living  at  Chilton, 
"  received  some  of  his  last  grammatical  Mlucation 
"  in  the  free-school  at  Thame,  when  first  openetl  for 
"  a  public  use  in  1575,  at  which  time  diligent  in- 
"  struction  had  made  him  fit  for  a  remove  to  Oxon 
"  in  the  year  following,  (as  the  tradition  was  among 
"  us,  while  we  were  instructed  in  the  said  school) 
"  where  he  became  a  connnoner  or  gent.  com.  of 
"  Univers.  coll.  if  one  of  the  registers  thereof  may 
"  be  believed  ;  but  before  he  had  taken  a  tiegree,  he 
"  was  tnansplanted  to  the  Iimer-Temple,  where  he 
"  employed  the  remaining  part  of  his  youth  in  the 
"  study  of  the  municipal  law.  After  he  had  been  a 
"  barrester  some  years,  and  a  counsellor  of  note,  he 
"  became  double  reader  of  that  house,  and  in  the 
"  21  Jac.  1 .  he  was  made  serjeant  at  law,  and  alx)Ut 
"  that  time  a  knight.  In  the  year  following  he  was 
"  constituted  one  of  the  justices  of  the  Common- 
"  Bench,  and  in  the  4  Car.  1.  he  was  atlvanced  to 
"  be  one  of  the  justices  of  the  KingVBench.  He 
"  had  in  him  a  most  pronqjt  invention  and  apprc- 
"  hension,  accomjKinietl  with  an  excellent  memory ; 
"  by  means  whei'eof,  and  his  .sedulous  and  indefati- 
"  giible  industry  he  attained  to  a  profound  science 
"  and  judgment  in  the  laws  of  the  land.  He  was 
"  resolute  and  stedfast  for  the  truth,  of  great  inte- 
"  ^'.V'  ^'^'"y  lilx^ral,  and  esj^ecially  charitable,  as  it 
"  appears  by  his  building  an  hospital  for  poor  peo- 
"  ])le  in  his  manor  of  Studley  near  to  Beckley  in 
"  Oxfordshire,  and  a  chappel  also  there  near  to  the 
"  manor  house ;  both  which  he  liberally  endowed. 
"  He  hatli  written, 





"  ■^'S""'"^"'*  ^p(*f*  <*  Scire  Judas,  brought  by 
"  the  Kings  Majesty  in  tlie  Court  of  Exchequer 
"  against  J  oh.  Hamden  Esq;  &c.  touching  Ship- 
"money,  [MS.  Harl.  1578,  3791,  62.S0.]  Lond. 
"  IGll.  qii.  [Bodl.  4to.  G.  8.  Jur.l  They  are 
"  printed  witli  tlie  arguments  of  sir  Rich,  rfuttou 
"  knt.  one  of  the  judges  of  the  Common-Pleas : 
"  Which  sir  Richard,  by  the  way  I  would  have  it 
"  known,  was  bom  of  a  genteel  family "  at  Penreth 
"  in  Cumberland,  bred  in  Jesus  coll.  in  Cambridge, 
"  and  afterwards  (tho'  inclined  to  divinity)  in  GreyV 
"  inn,  was  made  recorder  of  York,  Serjeant  at  law, 
"  and  at  length  one  of  the  justices  of  the  court  of 
*'  Common-Pleas  (not  of  the  KingVBench  as  one '" 
"  is  pleased  to  say)  an.  1617.  He  hath  M-ritten 
"  Reports  of  sundry  Cases,  adjudged  in  the  Time 
"  oflC.  James  and  K.  Charles  I.  &c.  Lond.  1656, 
"  fol.  [second  tnlit.  corrected,  Lond.  1682,  Bodl. 
"  P.  4.  13.  Jur.l  and  dying  at  London,  was  buried 
"  in  S.  Dunstan  s  church  in  the  West,  on  the  17th 
"  of  Febr.'  1638,  leaving  then  belund  him  a  fair 
"  estate  at  Goldesborough  in  Yorkshire. 
"  Sir  George  Croke  hath  also  written, 

"  Reports  and  select  Cases  ofLaxo, sprinted  in 

"  three  volumes.  The  first  contains  such  cases  and 
"  reports  that  were  done  in  the  reign  of  Q.  Eliza- 
«  beth.— Lond.  1661,  [and  1669,  Bodl.  Z.  1.  11. 
"  Jut.]  The  second  contains  cases  and  reports  in 
"  the  reign  of  K.  James  I. — Lond.  1658 ;  and  the 
"  third  contains  cases  and  reports  in  the  reign  of 
«  K.  Charles  I.— Lond.  1657.  [The  second  edition 
"  of  these  two  parts,  corrected,  appeared  in  1669- 
"  See  both  volumes  in  the  Bodleian  T.  12.  8,  9. 
"  Jur.  There  was  a  third  edition  in  1683.1  All 
"  which  being  in  folio,  were  written  in  French,  but 
"  revised  and  published  in  English  by  sir  Harbottle 
"  Grimston  baronet,  who  had  married  the  author's 
"  daughter,  had  been  a  burgess  for  Harv/ich  in 
"  Essex,  to  serve  in  that  unhappy  parliament  which 
"  began  at  Westminster  3  Nov.  1640 ;  wherein, 
"  bemg  a  zealous  puritan,  he  shewed  himself  an 
"  enemy  against  the  bishops  and  episcopacy,  as  his 
"  printed  speeches  sliew.  Afterwards  growing  wiser 
"  upon  the  mad  proceedings  of  the  members  of  that 
"  parliament,  and  acting  little  or  nothing  in  the 
"  time  of  the  ai'my  and  Oliver,  was  made  speaker 
"  of  the  healing  and  blessed  parliament  which  sate 
"  when  K.  Charles  II.  was  restored,  and  soon  after 
"  master  of  the  Rolls.     He  died  very  aged  (90,  or 

^  [He  was  second  son  of  Anthony  Hutlon.  See  a  pe- 
dii^ree  of  the  family  in  a  miscellaneous  MS.  vol.  in  the  library 
of  the  dean  and  chapter  at  Yorlt.  He  was  father  of  that  sir 
Richard  Hutton  who  was  killed  on  the  king's  side  at  Sher- 
borne fight,  and  who  lias  an  epitaph  by  sir  Francis  Wortley, 
printed  in  his  Characters  and  Elegies.  More  may  be  seen 
of  the  Huttons,  who  were  of  good  account  in  Yorkshire  for 
three  or  four  generations,  (as  well  genealogical  as  biographi- 
cal) in  that  valuable  collection  of  Yorkshire  biography  and 
genealogy,  MS.  Harl.  N».  4630.    Hunter.] 

■0  r<  ^Viii  I3ug(iale  in  Chron.  Serie,  at  the  end  of  Origines 
an.  1617." 

['  Ob.  26th  Febr.  l638.    Morant.] 


tliereabouts)  on  the  31st  of  Dec.  an.  1684,  and 
was  buried  in  the  church  of  Gorhambury  in  Hert- 
fordshire ;  ^  whereupon  the  mastership  of  the  Rolls 
was  bestowed  on  sir  John  Trevor.  The  Reports 
of  sir  George  Croke  Insfore-mentioned  were  abridg- 
ed by  Will.  Hughes  in  one  English  vol.  in  octavo, 
printed  at  Lond.  1665,  [Bodl.  8vo.  C.  29.  Jur.] 
purposely  that  they  might  be  portable  and  fit  for 
novices.  At  length  this  G.  Croke  living  to  a  fair 
age  departed  this  mortal  life  in  his  house  at  Wa- 
terstock  near  to  Thame  in  Oxfordshire  (the  ma- 
nor of  which  he  for  several  years  before  had  pur- 

"  [Sir  Harbottle  Grimston  was  descended  from  a  long  liv'd 
family,  for  his  great  grandfather  lived  till  lie  was  98,  his 
grandfather  to  86,  and  his  father  to  78,  and  himself  to  82. 
He  had  to  the  last  a  great  soundness  of  health,  of  memory, 
and  of  judgment.  He  was  bred  to  the  study  of  the  law,  being 
a  younger  brother.  Upon  his  elder  brother's  death  he  threw 
it  up,  but  falling  in  love  with  judge  Crook's  daughter,  the 
father  would  not  bestow  heron  him,  unless  he  would  return 
to  his  studies,  which  he  did  with  great  success.  That  judge 
was  one  of  those  who  delivered  his  judgment  in  the  cxche- 

?uer  chamber  against  the  ship  money,  and  sir  Harbottle's 
Lither,  who  served  in  parliament  for  Essex,  lay  long  in  prison 
because  he  would  not  pay  the  loan  money.  Sir  Harbottle 
was  a  great  assertor  of  the  laws,  and  inveighed  severely  against 
all  who  had  been  concerned  in  the  former  illegal  oppression. 
He  had  excellent  notions  of  government,  and  could  not  en- 
dure to  hear  preachers  asserting  a  divine  right  of  regal  govern- 
ment ;  yet  when  the  long  parliament  engaged  into  the  league 
with  Scotland,  he  would  not  swear  the  covenant :  and  he  dis- 
continued sitting  in  the  house  till  it  was  laid  aside.  Then  he 
came  back  and  joined  with  Hollis,  and  the  other  presbyterians, 
in  an  high  opposition  to  the  Independents  and  to  Crom- 
well in  particular,  and  he  was  one  of  the  secluded  members 
that  were  forced  out  of  the  house.  He  had  so  great  a  merit 
in  the  affair  of  the  restoration,  that  he  was  soon  after,  without 
any  application  of  his  own,  made  master  of  the  Rolls.  He 
was  a  just  judge :  very  slow,  and  ready  to  hear  every  thing 
that  was  offered,  without  passion  or  partiality.  He  gave 
yearly  great  sums  in  charity,  discharging  many  prisoners  by 
paying  their  debts.  He  was  a  very  pious  and  devout  man, 
and  spent  every  day  at  least  an  hour  in  the  morning  and  as 
much  at  night  in  prayer  and  meditation ;  and  even  in  the 
winter  when  he  was  obliged  to  be  very  early  on  the  bench, 
he  took  care  to  rise  so  soon,  that  he  had  always  the  command 
of  that  time,  which  he  gave  to  those  exercises.  He  was 
much  sharpened  against  popery,  but  had  always  a  tenderness 
to  dissenters,  though  he  himself  continued  still  in  the  com- 
munion of  the  church.  His  second  wife  was  niece  to  the 
great  sir  Francis  Bacon,  and  was  the  last  heir  of  that  fa- 
mily: she  had  all  the  high  notions  for  the  church  and  the 
crown  in  which  she  had  been  bred,  but  was  the  humblest, 
the  devotedest,  and  best  tempered  person  that  ever  was 
known.  She  was  very  plain  in  her  cloaths,  and  went  oft 
to  jails  to  consider  the  wants  of  the  prisoners,  and  relieve  and 
discharge  them  :  and  by  the  meanness  of  her  dress,  she  pass- 
ed but  for  a  servant  trusted  with  the  charities  of  otners. 
When  she  was  travelling  in  the  countiy,  as  she  drew  near  a 
village,  she  often  ordered  her  coach  to  stay  behind  till  she 
had  walked  about  it,  giving  orders  for  the  instruction  of  the 
children,  and  leaving  liberally  for  that  end.  MS.  Note  in 
Mr.  Heler's  copy. 

Sir  Harbottle  Grimston  was  buried  in  the  chancel  of  St. 
Michael's  church  in  St.  Alban's,  and  not  in  that  of  Gorham- 
bury, there  being  no  such  church.  Gorhambury  is  a  manor 
in  the  parish  of  St.  Michael,  famous  for  having  been  the  re- 
sidence of  sir  Nicholas  Bacon,  lord  keeper,  and  of  his  son 
Francis,  lord  viscount  Verulam.     Biog.  Brilan.  p.  2427.] 




"  chased)  ou  the  15th  of  Febr.  in  sixteen  hundred 
idU.  "  forty  and  one,  and  was  buried  in  the  chancel  of 
"  the  church  there.  Over  his  grave  was  soon  after 
"  an  alabaster  monument  set  in  the  soutii-wall,  with 
"  his  bust  in  a  judge's  habit,  a  book  in  one  hand, 
"  and  the  other  resting  on  a  deathVhead,  with  this 
"  inscription  under,  '  Georgius  Croke  Eques  Aura- 
"  tus,  unus  Justiciorum  de  Banco  Regis,  judicio 
"  Lynceato,  &  animo  presenti  insignis,  \'eritatis 
"  Haeres,  quern  nee  mina;  nee  honos  allexit,  Regis 
[16]  "  Authoritateni  &  Populi  Libertatem  axjua  lance 
"  libravit,  religione  cordatus,  vita  innocuus,  manu 
"  expansa,  corde  humili  pauperes  erogavit :  Mun- 
"  dum  &  vitam  deseruit  anno  setatis  LXXXII, 
"  anno  Regis  Caroli  XVII,  annoq;  Domini 

[Le  primer  Cltarge  que  Sr.  Geo.  Croke  auncient 
Jitdge  del  Bank  R.  done;  Term  Hill.  Anno  16 
Caroli  1.  MS.  Harl.  583,  fol.  64. 

There  are  engraved  portraits  of  judge  Croke  be- 
fore his  reports,  Dv  Vaughan,  Gay  wood,  and  White, 
and  a  small  head  by  Hollar,  early  impressions  of 
which  are  not  commonly  met  witli.] 

GEORGE  WEB,  or  Webbe,  a  minister's  son, 
was  born  at  Bromham,  "  or  (as  in  the  Catalogue  of 
"  the  Scholars  of  C.  C.  C.)  at  Salisbury"  in  Wilts, 
began  to  be  conversant  with  the  muses  in  Univ. 
cofi.  in  the  beginning  of  the  year  1598,  aged  17 
years,  admitted  scholar  of  Corp.  Ch.  coll.  8  May  in 
the  year  following,  took  the  degrees  in  arts,  holy 
orders,  and  about  that  time  was  made  minister  of 
Steple-Ashton  in  his  native  country,  by  the  favour, 
if  I  mistake  not,  of  the  earl  of  Pembroke,  where 
also  he  taught  grammar,  as  he  did  afterwards,  for  a 
time,  in  Bath.  In  1621  July  28,  he  was  inducted 
rector  of  the  church  of  S.  Peter  and  Paul  within  the 
city  of  Bath,  being  then  bach,  of  divinity,  and  three 
years  after  proceeded  in  that  faculty.  When  K. 
Ch.  I.  came  to  the  crown,  he  was  made  one  of  his 
chaplains  in  ordinary,  and  in  his  attendance  at 
court  he  baptized  his  first  child  by  the  name  of 
Charles  James,  13  May  1629,  which  child  died 
about  an  hour  after.  In  1634  he  was  made  bishop 
of  I^imerick  in  Ireland,  to  which  being  consecrated 
in  St.  Patrick's  church  near  Dublin  on  the  18th  of 
Decemb.  the  same  year,  his  rectory  at  Bath  was 
bestowed  on  his  son  Theoph.  Webbe,  M.  of  A.  of 
Merton  coll.  This  Dr.  Webbe,  who  sate  at  Lime- 
rick to  the  time  of  his  death,  was  a  person  of  a  strict 
life  and  conversation  ;  and  had  so  great  a  command 
of  his  pen  and  tongue,  that  he  was  accounted  tlie 
best  preacher  of  his  time  in  the  royal  court,  and  the 
.smoothest  writer  of  sermons  that  were  then  published. 
His  works  are  these, 

A  brief  Exposition  of  the  Principles  of  Christian 
Reliffion,  gathered  out  of  the  Holy  Scriptures,  Jbr 
tlie  Benefit  of  all  that  are  desirous  to  hear  Sermons, 
and  to  receive  the  Sacrament  xoith  Comfort.    Lond. 

1612.  oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  M.  84.  Th.J  dodic.  to  his  be- 
loved hearers  and  congregation  of  Steple-Ashton  and 

The  Practice  of  Quietness,  directing  a  Christian 
how  to  live  quietly  in  this  troublesome  World.  Lond. 
1631,  in  tw.  third  edit. 

Arraignment  of  an  unruly  Tongue,  wherein  the 
Faults  of  an  evil  Tongue  are  opened,  tlie  Danger 
discovered,   and  Remedies  preserved,   &c.     Lond 
1619,  [Bodl.  8vo.  W.  40.  Th.J  &c.  in  tw. 

Agur's  Prayer:  Or,  the  Christian  C}u)icc,Jbr 
the  (mUvard  Estate  and  Condition  of  this  present 
Life,  &c.  Lond.  1621.  in  tw.  [BodL  8vo.  W.  40. 
Th.]  It  is  grounded  on  Prov.  30.  7,  8,  9.  To 
which  are  added.  The  rich,  andj)oor.  Mart's  Prayer. 

Catalogiis  Protcstantium.  Or  the  Protestants 
Calender,  containing  a  Survey  of  the  Protestant 
Religion  longbefore  Luther\s  Days.  Lond.  1624. (ju. 

Lessons  and  Exercises  out  of  Cicero  ad  Atticum. 
— pr.  1627.  qu. 

Pueriles  Confabulatiunculw:  Or  Children's  Talk; 
in  English  and  Lat. — pr.  1627.  qu. 

Several  Sermons They  are  in  number  at  least 

twelve,  and  were  all  published  between  the  years 
1609  and  1619.  Among  them  I  find  these  follow- 
ing, (1)  God's  Controversy  with  England,  preached 
at  PauFs  Cross  on  Hosea  4.  1,2,  3.  Lt)nd.  1609. 
oct.  (2)  Tlie  Bride  Royal,  or  the  Spiritual  Mar- 
riage between  Christ  and  his  Church,  &c.  on  Pscd. 
45.  13, 14, 15.  Lond.  1613.  oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  H.  22. 
Th.]  'Twas  deUvered  by  way  of  congratulation 
u]X)n  the  marriage  between  the  Palsgrave  and  tlie 
laily  Elizabeth,  m  a  serm.  preached  14  Feb.  on 
which  day  the  marriage  was  solemnized,  an.  1612. 
Seven  more  of  his  sennons  were  published  in  1610, 
one  in  1611,  one  in  1612,  and  another  in  1616. 
He  also  translated  into  English,  the  First  Comedy 
of  Pub.  Terentius  called  Andria.  Lond.  1629,  qu. 
This  book  is  divided  into  two  columes,  the  first  hath 
the  English  the  other  the  Latin.  Also  The  second 
Comedy  called  Eunuchus,  which  is  divided  in  co- 
lumes, and  printed  wtli  the  fonner :  both  very  use- 
ful for  school-boys,  and  are  yet  usetl,  as  his  two 
former  sch<x)l-books  are,  in  many  schools.  What 
other  things  he  hath  published,  I  cannot  yet  find, 
nor  do  I  know  any  thing  else  of  him,  only  that  he 
dying  in  Limerick  castle  in  the  latter  end  ot  the  year  [171 
sixteen  hundrcil  forty  and  one  (being  then  detained  1641. 
prisoner  there  by  the  Irish  rebels)  was  jx'rmitted  by 
them  to  be  buried  in  S.  Munchin's  churchyard  in 
Ijimerick.  But  before  he  had  liun  24  hours  in  his 
grave,  some  of  the  meaner  sort  of  rebels  took  up  the 
botly  and  searched  it  in  hopes  of  finding  rings  or 
other  choice  things,  but  being  frustrated,  they  reposed 
the  body  in  the  same  place,  as  I  have  been  informed 
by  his  son. 

[There  was   an   engraved  head   of  Webbe   by 

Thomas  Slater,  prefixed  to  the  reprint  of  his  Practice 

for  Quietness,  1705,  8vo.  and  this  has  been  copied, 











ill  a  smaller  size,  but  better  engravetl,'  by  an  un- 
known liand.] 

HENRV  ROGERS,  an  eminent  theolojrist  of 
his  time,  a  minister's  son,  and  a  Heret'onlshire  man 
by  birth,  was  adiuittcd  stholar  of  Jesus  coll.  in 
1602,  agetl  18  years,  took  the  dejrrees  in  arts,  holy  or- 
ders, and  s<K)n  after  was  critnl  uj)  tor  a  notwl  preacher. 
At  length  being  niaile  vicar  of  Uorston  in  his  ovvni 
country,  and  resitlentiary  of  the  cath.  ch.  of  Here- 
ford, he  proceeiletl  in  divinity.  This  jK'rson  liaving 
several  vears  before  fallen  into  the  ac<jiiaintance  of  a 
Yorkshire  man  named  John  Perse  ^  alias  Fisher  a 
Jesuit,  with  wlu)ni  he  several  times  had  disputes,  the 
said  Fisher  did  at  length,  without  Rogers  his  con- 
sent, publish  certain  matters  that  had  passed  Ix-tween 
thein:  whereujioii  our  author  Rogers  put  out  a 
book  entit. 

An  Answer  to  Mr.  F'uilier  the  Jesuit  his  Jive 
Propositions  concerning  Luther,  zcith  some  Passages 
by    Way  of  Dialogue  between   Mr.  Rogers,  and 

Mr.Fisher printed  1623.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  B.  51. 

Th.]  To  which  is  annexed  Mr.  IV.  C.  his  Dialogue 
concerning  this  Questwn,  '  Wliere  was  the  Church 
before  Luther  f  discovering  Fishers  Folly.  After- 
wards came  out  a  Reply  by  Fisher  or  some  other 
Roman  Catholic,  whitli  made  our  author  Rogers  to 

The  Protestant  Church  existent,  and  tJieir  Faith 
professed  in  all  Ages,  and  by  wJtom.  Lond.  1638. 
qu.  [Bodl.  HH.  30.  Th.]  To  which  is  addetl,  A 
Catalogue  of  Councils  in  all  Ages  who  professed 
the  same.  What  other  things  he  hath  written  or 
published  I  cannot  tell,  nor  any  thing  else  of  him, 
only  that,  as  his  son  in  law  hath  told  me,  by  letters, 
he  was  burietl  under  the  parson's  seat  in  the  church 
of  Wellington  aliout  four  miles  distant  from  the  city 
of  Hereford,  but  when,  he  iulded  not,  or  that  he 
was  beneficed  there.  Yet  that  he  died  in  the  time  of 
the  civil  war,  or  usurpation,  those  of  his  acquaintance 
have  informed  me. 

"  SAMUEL  HARDING,  son  of  Rob.  Hard. 
"  of  Ipswich  in  Suffolk,  became  a  sojourner  of 
"  Exeter  coll.  an.  1634,  aged  16  years  or  there- 
"  abouts,  took  one  degree  in  arts  four  years  after, 
"  and  wrote, 

"  Sicily  and  Naples :  or,  the  fatal  Union,  a 
"  Tragedy.  Oxon.  1640.  in  qu.  commended  to  the 
"  world  by  the  verses  of  Rob.  Stapylton,  B.  A.  of 
"  S.  Alban's-hall,    Nich.    Downey,    Richard   Dod- 

deridge,  and  A.  Short,  bachelors  of  arts  of  Ex. 

coll.  Joh.  Hall  a  civihan  of  S.  Alb.  hall,  Edw. 

Hall,  B.  A.  of  Ex.  coU.  and  Sam.  Hall,  M.  A.  of 
"  the  said  house,  all  the  sons  of  Dr.  Joseph  Hall 

'  fGrangcr's  Biog.  Hist,  of  England,  ii.  l64.] 

■•  flo.  Pcrcey,  dictus  Fishenis,  Diinelmensis,  admissiis  in 

societatcm  Jesu.  Vid.  H.  Mori  Hisl.  Soc.  Jesu,  p.  378.  Sec. 


"  bishop  of  Exeter.  The  said  trag.  was  published 
"  by  P.  P.  without  the  knowledge,  as  was  pretendetl, 
"  of  the  author,  who  afterwards  Iwcame  t-liaplain  to 
"  a  certain  nobleman,  and  about  the  beginning,  or 
"  in  the  heat,  of  the  civil  war  departed  this  mortal 
"  life,  as  by  Dr.  iVrth.  Bury  his  contemporaiy  1 
"  have  been  informed." 

[Ill  the  Roxburghe  Catalogue  No. 5022,  Harding's 
trageily  is  registered  <is  the  joint  production  of  S.  H. 
and  A.  B.  wliich  made  me  very  anxious  to  see  the 
play  itself.  This  I  have  nut  been  able  to  do,  but  I 
nave  been  favoured  by  Mr.  IJoswell  of  Brazen-nose 
college,  (who  found  a  copy  amongst  Mr.  Malone's 
valuable  collection)  with  tlie  following  account  of  it, 
which  sufficiently  accounts  for  the  mistake  ctHiimitted 
in  the  catalogue. 

'  Sicily  and  Naples:  or  die  Fatall  Union.  A 
Tragffidy  by  S.  H.  A.  B.  e  C.  Ex. 

dignum  est  sub  luce  videri, 

Judicis  argutum  quotl  non  formidat  acumen. 

Oxford.  Printed  by  W'illiam  Turner,  1640.  small 

It  is  published  by  a  friend  of  the  author's  '  against 
the  modesty  of  his  friend'  as  he  tells  us,  in  an  address 
to  the  reader  signed  P.  P.  From  tliis  we  learn,  that 
it  has  been  by  some  censured,  but,  of  course,  un- 
justly, and  from  Downey's  commendatory  verses,  we 
find  that  it  was  never  sicted.  The  following  lines 
are,  jierhaps,  as  g(Kxl  as  any  in  the  volume : 

enjoy  your  best  Valenzo, 

Enjoy  him  long,  may  you  (a  happy  palre) 
Grow  like  two  neighbouring  roses  on  one  stalk 
Partaking  mutually  each  other's  sweetes: 
Whence  no  rude  hand  approach  to  ravish  you. 
But  when  you  are  full  blowne,  and  ripe  for  heaven 
May  you  tall  gently  both  into  one  grave, 
There  lye  entombed  in  your  owne  odours.''] 




*  [Since  the  foregoing  text  was  sent  to  the  printer,  I  fiave 
been  obliged  with  the  following  extracts  by  John  Philip 
Kemble,  esq.  than  whom  no  person  is  a  more  competent 
'iidge  of  all  relating  to  the  Knglish  stage;  a  stage  which  he 

as  himself  elucidated  by  a  felicity  of  conception,  and  adorned 
with  a  dignity  of  performance  far  beyond  any  tribute  of 
praise  or  admiration  in  my  power  to  ofTer  to  his  distinguished 

•  The  following  lines  in  the  first  scene  of  the  third  act  ap- 
pear to  ine  to  be  as  fair  a  specimen  of  Harding's  composition 
as  any  in  the  play. — Ferrando,  the  king  of  Naples,  is  leading 
to  the  altar  Calantha,  the  daughter  of  the  late  king  of  Sicily 
whom  Ferrando  slew  : — 

Fer.  Come,  my  Calantha,  to  consummate  that  joy. 
By  mutuall  vows  before  the  altar  made. 
Which  thy  return  to  life,  to  health,  and  reason, 
Hath  begun  in  me  :  those  minutes  which  bring 
Us  any  good,  are  swift  and  fleeting,  and. 
Once  past,  not  to  be  recall'd:  who  knows 
Whether  heaven  will  still  be  bonntifull  ? 
(After  some  intervening  lines  to  no  great  purpose,  Calanih.t 

replies :) 

Cal.  These  rites, 
(If  we  may  credit  what  our  dreames  fore-tell,) 




ANTHONY  STAFFORD  an  esquires  son, 
■was  Iwrn  of  an  antient  and  noble  faniilv  in  Nortli- 
aniptonshire,  being  descended  from  tnose  of  his 
name  living  at  Blatherwicke  in  that  county,  entred 
a  gentleman  commoner  of  Oriell  eoU.  in  1608,°  and 
in  that  of  his  age  17,  where  by  the  help  of  a  careful 
tutor,  but  more  by  his  natural  parts,  he  obtained 
the  name  of  a  good  scholar,  l>ecame  well  read  in  an- 
tient history,  |X)ets  and  other  authors.  What  stay 
he  made  in  that  house,  I  amnot  yet  tell,  or  whether 
he  t(X)k  the  degree  of  bach,  of  aits  according  to  the 
usual  course.  Sure  I  am  that  in  1609  he  was  per- 
mitted to  study  in  the  public  library,  purposely  to 
advance  his  learning,  having  then  a  design  to  pub- 
lish certain  matters;  and  in  1623,  just  after  the  act, 
he  was  actually  created  M.  of  arts  as  '  a  person  adorn- 
ed with  all  kind  of  literature.'  His  works  are  these, 
[18]  Staffwd's  Niobe,  dissolved  into  a  Nilus :  or,  his 

Ag-e  drojvn'd  in  her  own  Tears,  Sec.   Lond.  1611. 
[Bodl.  8vo.  S.  14.  Art]  and  12,  in  tw. 

Meditations  and  Resolutions,  moral,  divine,  and 
political.  Cent.  1.  Lond.  1612.  in  tw.  [Bodl.  8vo. 
S.  14.  Art.] 

[StuffmxTs  Heauenly  Dogge,  o/-.-]  Life  and  Death 
of  that  great  Cynick  Diogenes,  whom  Laertiu^  stiles 
Canis  raslesti.s;  the  Heavenly  Dog,  &c.  Lond.  1615. 
in  tw.  [Bodl.  8vo.  S.  109.  fh.] 

The  Guide  of  Honour :  or,  the  Ballance  wherein 
she  may  weigh  her  Actions,  &c.  Lond.  1634  in  tw. 
■written  by  the  author  in  foreign  parts. 

The  Female  Glory :  or,  the  Life  of  the  Virgin 
Mary.  pr.  at  Lond.  with  cuts  1635,  in  oct.     This 
little  book,  jjen'd  in  a  flourishing  stile,  was  in  another 
impression  ent.   The  Precedent  of  Female  Perfec- 
tion: or,  the  Life,  &c.     But  the  said  book  being 
esteemed  egregiously  scandalous  among  the  puritans, 
who  look  a  upon  it  as  purjx)sely  published  to  en- 
courage the  papists,  Hen.  Burton  minister  of  Fri- 
day-street in  London  did  pretend  to  discover  in  his 
sermon  entit.  For  God  and  the  King,''  several  extra- 
Will  tiirne  to  funerall  obsequies  ;  for  such 
This  morning  (when  your  carefuU  art  had  bound 
My  senses  up,)  fancy  presented  them. 
Methoughi,  I  saw 

Aurora  from  the  east  come  weeping  up. 
Wrapt  in  night's  sables,  and  the  following  day 
Pac't  slowly  on  in  griefes  sad  livery  ; 
The  pensive  winds  sigh'd  forth  a  solemn  dirge. 
And  strove  to  blow  our  marriage  tapers  out : 
When  you,  Ursini,  joyn'd  in  the  solemnitic, 
1  saw  you  look,  like  Sicily's  pale  ghost  \YieT father's  ghost.] 
Broke  from  the  hollow  caverns  of  the  earth  : 
This  hand,  Ferrando,  at  each  gentle  touch 
Mouldred  to  ashes ;  on  your  lip  there  sate 
A  frost,  which  when  I  tasted,  straight  convey'd 
An  icy  chillnesse  thorough  every  joynt; 
The  stammering  priest,  methought,  mistooke  the  rite*. 
And,  stead  of  those  are  us'd  at  nuptialls. 
Sung  a  short  requiem  to  our  soules,  committed 
All  that  was  left  of  ut  to  the  earth,  our  last 
Cold  bed  .'J 

*  [Wood  is  wrong  here :  Stafford  was  matriculated  March 
8,  l(>04,  5.]  '  Pag.  123,  124,  125. 

Vol.  IIL 

vugant  ami  jjopish  ptissages  therein,  and  advised  tlie 
[)eople  to  be  aware  of  it.  '  For  which,  und  nothing 
'  else  (as  W.  Prvnne  tell.s*  us)  he  was  brought  into 
'  the  Star-Chamber,  and  there  censured.  But  on 
'  the  contrary  this  jxjjjish  lKX)k  of  Stafford^  (as  he 
'  calls  it)  with  many  scandalous  passages  in  it  were 
'  by  the  archbishoj»'s  s))ecial  (Urection  profes.sedly 
'ju-stified,  both  by  Dr.  Hcvlin  in  his  Moderate 
'  Answer  to  Mr.  Burton «  and  by  Christoph.  Dow  '° 
'  in  his  '  Innovat'ums  justly  charged,  and  this  book 
'  neither  called  in  nor  corrected,  so  audaciously 
'  popish  was  he  grown,  in  this  jiarticular,  among 
'  many  others,  &c.'  See  more  in  Canterbury  a  Downe, 
p.  215,  216,  217.  Our  author  Stafford  hath  also 

A  just  Apology  or  Vindication  of  a  Book  entit. 
'  The  Female  Glory ^  from  the  false  and  malevolent 
Aspersions  cast  upon  it  by  Hen.  Burton,  of  late 
deservedly  censured  in  the  Star-Chamber,  i{c. 
Whether  this  book  was  ever  published  I  know  not : 
I  once  saw  it  in  a  quarto  MS.  in  the  library  of  Dr. 
Tho.  Barlow,  given  to  him  by  sir  Job.  Birkenhead. 

Honour  and  Virtue,  tritimphing  over  the  Grave, 
excmpUJied  in  a  fair  devout  Life  and  Death,  adorned 
with  the  surviving- Petfectioris  of  Henry  Lord  Staf- 
ford, lately  deceased :  which  Honour  in  him  ended 
zeith  as  great  Lustre  as  tlic  Sun  sets  in  a  serene 
Sky,  &c.  Lond.  1640.  qu.  At  the  end  of  whicH 
are  tlivers  elegies  upon  the  death  of  the  said  lord, 
mostly  written  by  Oxford  men,  especially  those  of 
S.  John's  coll.  Our  author  A.  Stafford,  who  was 
kinsman  to  the  said  lord,  hath  also  translated  from 
Latin  into  English  The  Oration  of  Justus  Lipsius 
(ig-ainst  Calumny.  Lond.  1612.  oct. «  What  other 
things  he  hath  written  or  translated  I  know  not, 
nor  any  thing  else  of  liim,  only  that  he  died,  as  I 
have  been  informed,  in  the  time  of  the  civil  wars. 

[Stafford's  Niobe  dissolved  into  a  Nilus,  given  by 
Wood  as  the  first  of  that  author's  works,  is  only  the 
continuation  or  second  part  of  a  treatise  which  our 
biographer  seems  not  to  have  been  aware  of.     This  is 

Stafford's  Niobe  or  His  Age  of  Teares,  a  Trea- 
tise no  less  profitable  and  comfortable,  then  tfie 
Times  damnable.  Wherein  DeatlCs  Visard  is  pull- 
ed off",  and  her  Face  discoucred  not  to  be  sofearefull 
as  tfie  Vulgar  makes  it :  and  withall  it  is  shewed 
that  Death  is  only  bad  to  the  bad,  good  to  t/ie  good. 
At  London,  printed  by  Huvfrcy  Lownes,  1611, 
8vo. '  ded.  to  Rob.  earl  of  SaUsbury,  because,  says 
the  author,  '  my  father  was  a  neighbour  to  your 
father,  being  much  obliged  vnto  him,  and  my  whole 
family  \Tito  yourselfe.'] 

"In  his  book  entit.  Canlerlury's  Doome  &c.  p.  S17. 

»  Page  123,  124. 

••  [A.  B.  Coll.  Chr.  (Cant.)  I6l6.  Bakbr.] 

'  P.  51,  54. 

'  [This  was  printed  at  the  end  of  his  Meditations  and  Re- 
snlultons,  commencing  at  page  I29.  See  it  Bodl.  8ve. 
S.  14.  Art.] 

'  [Bodl.  8vo.  S.  100.  Th.l 






[19]  * "  THOMAS  CHESHIRE,  a  Cheshire  man 

"  born,  l)ecame  a  student  of  Bras.  coll.  in  1615, 
"  aged    15  years,  admitted  bach,  of  arts  26  Oct. 

'  "  lol9,   left  the  university  without  any  other  dc- 

"  gree,  took  holy  orders,  and  became  an  orthodox 
"  minister  in  I^ndon.  He  hath  published  A  true 
"  Cojuj  of  a  Sermon  tchich  waji  preached  at  S. 
"  Pauls' on  the  10  of  Oct.  1641,  on  Pml.  148.  12. 
"  Lond.  1641.  qu.  This  being  excepted  against 
"  by  some  of  the  factious  party,  the  author  therc- 
"  fore  published  it  to  give  the  people  .satisfaction. 

Claruit  «  jjj,  jj^^jj  pubUshed  two  more  sermons.  See 
"**'•     «0»*.  Cat.  p.  4.  and  85." 

JOHN  BARCHAM,  second  son  of  Laur.  Bare- 
ham  of  S.  Leonard's  in  Devon.shire  (by  Joan  his 
wife  dau.  of  Edw.  Bridgman  of  the  city  of  Exeter) 
son  of  Will.  Barcham  of  Meerfield  in  Dorsetshire 
(where  his  ancestors  had  lived  more  than  three  ge- 
nerations l)efore  him)  was  lx)m  in  the  parish  of  S. 
Mary  the  Moore  within  tlie  said  city,  entred  a  so- 
journer of  Exeter  coll.  in  Michaelm.  tenn,  1587, 
aged  15  years,  admitted  scholar  of  Co.  Ch.  coll.  24 
Aug.  in  the  year  following,  probationer-fellow  21 
June  1596,  being  then  M.  of  A.  and  in  orders. 
Afterwards,  being  bach,  of  div.  he  was  made  chap- 
lain to  Dr.  Bancroft  archb.  of  Cant,  (as  afterwards  he 
was  to  his  successor)  rector  and  dean  of  Bockyng  in 
Essex,  and  doctor  of  his  faculty.  He  was  a  person 
very  skilful  in  divers  tongues,  a  curious  cntic,  a 
noted  antiquary,  especially  in  the  knowledge  of 
coins,  *  an  exact  historian,  herald,  and,  as  'tis  said, 
an  able  theologist.  He  was  also  a  strict  man  in  his 
life  and  conversation,  charitable,  modest,  and  reserved 
in  his  behaviour  and  discourse,  but  above  all  he  was 
remarkable  for  those  good  qualities  which  became  a 
man  of  his  profession.     He  hath  written, 

The  History  or  Life  of  John  Kinff  of  England 

which  is  the  .same  that  is  in  the  History  of 

Great  Britain,  published  by  John  Speed,  and  the 

same  which  sheweth  more  reading  and  judgment, 

than  any  life  besides  in  that  history.     'Tis  reported 

*  In  thi  second  edition  of  these  Athene,  lelteeen  the 
lives  (^ Stafford  and  Cheshire,  is  a  short  account  o/ Shake R- 
LEY  Marmion.  This,  with  the  various  readings,  and  some 
additions,  has  been  already  given  in  vol,  ii.  col.  o47. 

'  ['  He  was  a  greater  lover  of  coyn  than  of  money,  rather 
curious  in  the  stamps,  than  covetous  for  the  mettal  thereof. 
That  excellcDt  collection  in  Oxford  library,  was  his  gift  to 
the  archbishop,  before  the  archbishop  gave  it  to  the  univer- 
sity. Richer  in  MSS.  than  printed  books,  and  richer  in  the 
skill  he  had  by  the  phrase  and  character  to  fill  up  the  defects, 
and  guess  at  the  meaning  of  a  moth-eaten  record,  than  in 
the  possession  of  the  paper ;  when  the  factious  were  admit- 
ted to  look  upon  his  rarities,  they  did  him  the  kindness  to 
suspect  him  of  his  religion,  thinking  that  the  rust  of  his  old 
inscriptions  cankered  his  soul  with  asold  superstition.  When 
it  is  in  the  study  of  antiquity,  as  it  is  in  that  of  phylosophy  ;  a 
little  skill  in  cither  of  them  inclines  men  to  atheism  or 
heresie,  but  a  depthofeitherstudy  brings  them  about  to  their 
religion.'    Lloyct,  Memoires,  page  279.] 

also '  that  he  wrote,  or  at  least  had  a  chief  hand  in 

The  Hist,  or  Life  of  Hen.  2.  K.  of  Engl.— Re- 
mitted  by  Speed  also  into  his  said  History.  Which 
hist,  or  life.  Dr.  Barcham  wrote  (as  mv  author'  says) 
in  opposition,  or  rather  to  suppress  the  same,  writ- 
ten oy  one  Boulton  a  Rom.  Catholic,  who  did  too 
much  favour  the  haughty  carriage  of  Thomas  Becket, 
&c.  This  Boulton  was  the  same  with  Ednumd 
Boulton,"  who  wrote  The  Ekments  of  Armory. 
Lond.  1610.  qu.  and  the  Carmen  gratulfttorlum  ^ 
(le  Truductione  Corporis  Maria;  Regina:  Scotorum 
a  Petroburgo  ad  Westmonasterium.  Dr.  Barcham 
hath  also  written, 

The  Display  of  Heraldry.  Lond.  1610,  &c.  fol. 
much  used  by  novices,  and  the  best  in  that  kind  for 
method  that  ever  iK'fore  was  published.  This  lj<x)k 
l)eing  mostly  composed  in  his  younger  years,  he 
deemed  it  Uk>  light  a  subject  for  him  to  own,  being 
then  (when  publishetl)  a  grave  divine,  chapl.  to  an 
archb.  and  not  unhkely  a  dean.  ,  Wherefore  l)eing 
well  acquainted  with  John  Guillim  an  officer  of 
arms,  he  gave  him  the  copy,  who  adding  some  trivial 
things  to  It,  published  it,  with  leave  from  the  author, 
under  his  own  name,  and  it  goeth  to  this  day  under 
the  name  of  Guillim\<i  Heraldry."'  Our  author  hath 
also  publishetl  Crackanthorp's  b<x)k  against  Marc.  [20] 
Ant.  de  Dominis,  and  wrote  a  preface  to  it.  He 
also  wrote  a  book  concerning  coins,  in  MS.  but 
where  it  is  now  I  know  not.  Sure  I  am  that  he  had 
the  best  collection  of  coins  of  any  clergyman  in 
England,  which  being  given  by  Inm  to  Dr.  Laud 
archb.  of  Cant,  (who  much  desired  them)  they  came 
fKxm  after,  by  his  gift,  to  Bodlcy''s  library,  and  are 
at  tlvis  day  rejxjs'd  in  the  gallery  adjoining.  At 
length  our  author  surrendring  up  his  pious  soul  to 
him  that  first  gave  it,  in  the  parsonage  house  in 
Bockyng  before-mentiou'd,  on  the  25  of  Mar.  (the 
Annuntiation)  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  two,  iC4?. 
was  buried  in  tlie  chancel  of  the  church  there ;  over 
whose  grave,  tho'  there  be  no  memory  put,  yet  it  is 
contained  in  a  book  entit.  Affanice :  sive  Epigram- 
niatum  Libri  tres.   Oxon.  1601.'     He  had  issue  by 

5  By  Anon,  in  a  book  entit.  The  Surfeit  to  A,  B.  C. 
Lond.  l6s6.  in  tw.  p.  22. 

7  Id.  Anon.  »  ["See  vol.  i.  col.  158.] 

9  MS.  in  bib.  Cottoniana,  sub  Tito  A.  13. 

'»  [Sec  what  is  said  on  this  subject  in  a  former  part  of  this 
work,  vol.  ii.  col.  297,  298,  &c.  To  the  editions  of  the  he- 
raldry there  noticed,  may  be  added  two  more  in  16CO,  one 
published  by  Alexander  Nowers  a  herald-painter,  the  other 
by  Richard  Blome,  who  set  it  forth  again  in  1679,  with 
Analogia  Honorum :  or  a  Treatise  of  Honour  and  Nobility, 
written,  as  he  says,  by  captain  John  Logan  of  Idbury,  Ox- 

'  [O  quantum  est  hominum  politiorum 
Amicissime,  quantum  amiciurum 
Politissimc,  quantum  et  est  ubique 
(Barkhame)  ordinis  optimc  utriusque  ! 

Ten'  tantum  Charisin  virum  et  Camaenisj 
Quern  tanti  faciunl  et  illse  et  illae. 






Anne  Roger-s  of  Saiulwicl)  in  Kent  lii.s  wife,  George, 
Henry,  &f.  In  lii.s  deanery  of  IJoeking  sucteedeil 
Dr.  Joh.  Gauden,  but  whetlicr  in  the  year  1642, 
or  in  the  year  after,  I  cannot  Ix;  positive. 

[1608,  11  Jun.  .Toll.  Karchani  S.  T.  B.  coll.  ad 
eccl.  de  Finchley,  jx-r  re.sign.  Joli.  Bancroft.  Reg. 
Bancroft,  ep.  Lond. 

1610,  31  Oct.  Joli.  Barcliam  S.  T.  B.  coll.  ad 
preb.  de  BrouncewcKle,  j)er  mortem  Rob.  Harring- 
ton.    Ibid. 

1615,  29  Mali,  Joh.  Barcham  S.  T.  B.  coll.  ad 
eccl.  de  Paglesham  per  mortem  Ric.  Langley  S.  T.  P. 
Ibid.     Et  ad  rect.  de  Lachindon  27  ejusdem  mensis. 

1615,  2  Jun.  Benjamin  Towke  A.  M.  coll.  ad 
eccl.  de  Finchley  per  resign.  Jo.  Barcham  S.  T.  B. 

1617,  4  Maii,  Ric.  Crakanthorp  S.  T.  P.  coll.  ad 
eccl.  de  Paglesham  per  resign.  Joh.  Barcham  S.  T.  P. 

NATHANIEL  SIMPSON  was  bom  at  Skyp- 
ton  in  the  county  and  diocese  of  York,  admitted 
scholar  of  Trin.  coll.  28  May  1616,  aged  17  years, 
took  the  degrees  in  arts,  became  fellow  of  the  said 
house  1630,  and  the  year  after  bach,  of  div.  He 
hath  written 

Arithmeticw  C(ym.pendium.  printed  1622.  oct.  Tlie 
beginning  of  which  is  '  Arithmetica  est  scientia  Iwne 
numerandi,''  &c.  It  was  comjiosed  purposely  for 
the  use  of  the  juniors  of  the  said  coll.  but  so  scarce 
it  is  now,  that  I  could  never  see  but  one  copy.  This 
Mr.  Simpson  died  in  Octob.  (on  the  same  day  that 
iC42.  Edghill  fight  hajmed)  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and 
two,  and  was  buried  in  Trinity  coll.  chappel.  I 
have  been  informed  by  .some  of  his  contemporaries, 
that  he  had  not  only  enlarged  that  Compendium, 
but  had  other  things  of  that  nature  lying  by  him  fit 
for  the  press. 

GABRIEL  RICHARDSON,  a  minister's  son 
and  a  Lincolnshire  man  born,  was  initiated  a  student 
in  Brasen-nose  coll.  1602,  made  fellow  of  it  1607, 
being  then  bach,  of  arts.     The  next  year  he  pro- 

Quanti  nee  faciunt  suos  ocellos, 

Seu  quid  charius  est  vel  liiis,  vcl  illis  ; 

Tanti  naeniolas  Carollanas, 

Scissas,  quisquiliasquc,  lappulasque, 
Merarum  tineasquc  ineptiarum 
Ten'  tantum  faccre,  et  probare  talem  ? 

Ite,  ite  6  crilicum  se\criorum 

Piitidissima  gens  et  inveniista  ; 

Ite  et  graminaticum  molestiorum 

Paedagogica  plebs  et  inficeta  ; 

Ite,  et  nxniolas  Carolianas 

Diruni  roditc,  carpitc,  alque  in  illas 

Verba  fingite  viliora  longe 

Scissis,  quisquiliisquc  lappulisque 

Merarum  tineisque  ineptiarum, 

Vos  ego  nioror  alque  vestra  moras, 

Hiium?  Centuriasve  mille  vestrum  ? 

Vos  moros  moror  atque  vestra  ;  quin  mi 
Fro  multis  Plato  millibns  sit  unus.        Sig.  I  3.] 

(■ceded  in  that  faculty,  took  the  satre*!  function  upon 
him,  and  at  length  became  bach,  of  divinity.  This 
jierson,  who  wa.s  admirably  well  reatl  in  histtories 
and  geography,  hath  put  out  a  book  much  valued 
by  learned  men,  entit. 

The  State  of  Eurojie,  in  14  Books,  containing 
the  History  and  Relation  of  tfie  viany  Proi'ttices 
thereof,  &c.  Oxon.  1627.  u)l.  He  had  lying  by 
him  several  volumes  of  MS.  of  his  own  writing, 
containing  the  state  of  other  parts  of  the  world ;  but 
coming  into  the  hands  of  a  careless  person  called  Dr. 
Hen.  Bridgman,  he  neglected,  if  not  mutilated  them, 
to  the  great  injury  of  tlie  author,  who  dying  on  the 
last  day  of  Decemb.  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and 
two,  was  the  next  day  (being  New  Years  day)  '**«. 
buried  in  the  church  of  S.  Mary  the  virgin  within 
the  university  of  Oxford. 

FRANCIS  KINASTON  son  of  sir  Edw.  Ki- 
naston  Kt.  was  Ixirn  of,  and  descended  from,  an  an- 
tient  and  genteel  famil}'  of  his  name  living  at  Otely 
in  Shropsliire,  became  a  gent.  com.  of  Oriel  coll. 
under  the  tuition  of  Joh.  Rouse  alias  Russe  in  1601, 
and  in  tliat  of  liis  age  14,  took  one  degree  in  arts, 
and  then  left  the  university  for  a  time  without  com- 
pleating  that  degree  by  dietennination,  being  then 
more  atldictcd  to  the  superficial  )>arts  of  learning, 
jxxjtry  and  oratory,  (wherein  he  excelled)  than  logic 
and  philosophy.  Afterwards  he  went  to  Cambridge, 
studied  there  for  some  time,  was  made  master  of 
arts,  and  in  1611  returned  to  Oxon,  wliere  he  was 
incor{X)rated  in  that  degree.  Thence  he  went  to 
the  court,  where  being  esteemed  a  man  of  parts, 
1i!k1  the  honour  of  knighthood  conferr''d  upon  him  in 
1618,  and  afterwards  wa.s  made  esquire  of  the  body 
of  K.  Ch.  I.  This  is  the  jx^rson  who  being  every 
way  accomplishVl,  was  made  the  first  regent  of  the 
college  or  academy  called  The  Musanim  Minerva, 
an.  1635,  and  therefore  worthily  stiletl  by  a  polite 
and  quaint^  gentleman,  Palladii  Patrima?quc  vir-  [21] 
ginis  Protomystes.  The  first  members  of  the  said 
coll.  were  Eaward  May,  Tho.  Hunt,  Nich.  Phiske, 
Joh.  Spiedel,  Walt.  Salter  and  Nich.  Mason,  stiled 
also  by  the  said  person  flamines  Dea  pleni  &  mystici, 
artium  liberalium  roris  promicondi.  Our  author 
Kinaston  did  draw  up  ana  publish, 

Tlie  Constitutions  of  the  Mu.swum  Mincrvce*. 
Lond.  1636.  qu.  and  translated  from  English  into 
Lat.  Jeff.  Chaucer  his  Troihi-s  and  Cres.seid  which 
he  entit.  Amorum  Troili  &  Creseida;  Libri  Duo 
priores  Anglico-Latini.  Oxon.  1635.  qu.  [Bodl. 
4to.  H.  24.  Art.]  Which  being  beheld  as  an  ex- 
cellent translation,  was  ushered  into  the  world  by  15 
copies  of  verses  made  by  Oxford  men,  among  whom 

'  Sir  Joh.  Borough  in  his  book  cnt.  Impetus  juvenilet,  et 
Epislola,  p.  136.    • 

'  [£)«  Licentia  speciali  Francisco  Kinaston  Milili  pro 
Erectione  Domus  sive  Colleeii  pro  Instilulione  Juvmum 
NoUlium  in  Artihus  liberatihus.  Rymcr,  Fceiera,  xix. 
dC.n,  &c.] 






are  W.  Strode  the  orator,  Dudley  IHgges  and  Sam. 
Kinaston  of  All-s.  coll.  Tho.  (Jawen  of  New  coll. 
Maur.  Berkley,  Will.  Cartwright,  both  of  Ch.  Ch. 
&c.  Our  author  and  translator  having  performed 
other  things,  which  I  have  not  yet  seen,  gave  way  to 
fate  in  sixteen  iuuKlrcd  forty  and  two,  or  there- 
abouts, and  was,  as  I  suppose,  buried  at  Oteley- 
This  is  the  jjerson  also  who  by  experience  falsified 
the  alchymist's  rejjort,  that  a  hen  bein^  fed  for  cer- 
tain days  with  gold,  Ix'ginning  when  Sol  was  in  Leo, 
should  DC  convertetl  into  gola,  and  should  lay  golden 
but  indeed  became  very  fat. 
[The  said  sir  Francis  Kinaston  WTote  also — 1, 
Leoline  and  Svda?iis,  a  poetical  Romance.  Lond. 
1646,  4to.  ITiis  romance  contains  much  of  the 
fabulous  history  of  Mona,  Wales  and  Ireland,  and 
(bating  tliat  it  is  now  and  then  a  little  obscene)  is 
poetical  enough.  2.  Cynthmdes:  Sonnets  to  his 
Mistressc.  Printed  with  the  former.  In  the  preface 
he  boasts  of  having  by  him  many  pieces  of  real  and 
soUd  learning  ready  written  for  the  press;  and 
apologises  for  exposing  the  trifle  to  the  world  in  his 
old  age,  says,  that  many  older  men  than  he  wear 
love-locks,  agnoscit  veteris  vestigia  flammre,  but 
those  fires  are  now  raked  up  in  embers,  his  couvre- 
feu  bell  being  already  rung,  &c.  N.  B.  He  wrote 
thus  in  1646,  whereas  Wood  thinks  he  died  in  1642. 

*  [The  |>oem  quoted  by  Peck  I  have  never  seen  ;  but 
Ellis,  in  his  Specimens,  vol.  iii.  page  2(J5,  quotes  an  cclition 
Hated  in  l64l,  and  a  very  accurate  writer  in  the  Censura  lA- 
leraria,  vol.  ii.  (jajre  3J3,  records  the  book  as  printed  in  \(Hi. 
Leoline  and  Sudanis.  An  heroick  Romance  of  lite  Advenlures 
of  amouTous  Princes  :  together  with  sundry  affectionate  Ad- 
dresses to  his  Mistresse  under  the  Name  of  Cynthia.  By  sir 
F.  K.  Lond.  l642,  4to. 

I  am  sorry  to  be  com|)elIed  to  give  a  specimen  of  Kynaston's 
poetry  at  second  hand,  but  I  Itnow  not  where  to  obtain  a 
sight  of  the  original  volume. 

To  Cynthia,  on  coDcealment  of  her  beauty. 

Do  not  conceal  thy  radiant  eyes, 
The  star-light  of  screnest  skies  ; 
Lest,  wanting  of  their  heavenly  light. 
They  turn  to  chaos  endless  night. 

Do  not  conceal  those  tresses  fair. 
The  silken  snares  of  thy  curl'd  hair  ; 
Lest,  finding  neither  gold  nor  ore. 
The  curious  silk-worm  work  no  more ! 

Do  not  conceal  those  breasts  of  thine. 
More  snow-while  than  the  Apennine  ; 
Lest,  if  there  be  like  cold  and  frost. 
The  lily  be  for  ever  lost ! 

Do  not  conceal  that  fragrant  scent. 
Thy  breath,  which  to  all  flowers  hath  lent 
Perfumes  ;  lest,  it  being  supprest. 
No  spices  grow  in  all  the  east ! 

Do  not  conceal  thy  heavcnlv  voice. 
Which  makes  the  hearts  of^gods  rejoice  ; 
Lest,  music  hearing  no  such  thing, 
The  nightingale  forget  to  sing ! 

PETER  SMART,  a  minister's  son  of  Warwick- 
shire, was  bom  in  that  county,  etluc«.led  in  the  col- 
lege-school at  Westminster,  became  a  batler  of  Broad- 
gate's  hall  1588,  aged  19  years,  and  in  the  same 
year  was  elected  student  of  Christ  Church,  where  he 
was  esteemed  about  that  time  a  tolerable  Latin  poet. 
Afterwards  taking  the  degrees  in  arts,  he  eiitre<l  into 
orders,  became  chaplain  to  Dr.  W.  James  bishop  of 
Durham,  who  not  only  conferred  ui)un  him  a  pre- 
bendship  in  that  church ,'  but  alst)  tlie  par.sonnge  of 
Boiiden,  and  was  the  chief  instrument  of  promoting 
him  to  l>e  one  of  his  majesty's  high  commissioners  in 
the  pro%'ince  of  York.     But  this  jxTson  being  fac- 

tiously*  fflven,  took  occasion  in  1628  ..     •,      -us 
J      p         '.  .  *  puritannically ," 

to   preach   against    certain    matters,      (jrsi  edit. 

which  he  took  to  Ije  Popish  innova- 
tions, brought  into  the  church  of  Durham  by  Mr. 
John  Cosin '  and  his  confetlerates,  as  copes,  taper.s, 
crucifixes,  bowing  to  the  altar,  praying  towards  the 
east,  turning  the  communion  table  of  wood,  standing 
in  the  middle  of  the  choir,  into  an  altar-stone  railed 
in  at  the  east  end  thereof,"  &c.  But  this  his  ser- 
mon or  sermons,  preached  several  times  to  the 
people,  being  esteemed  seditious,  and  j)urposely 
matle  to  raise  conmiotlons  among  them,  he  was  first 
questioned  in  the  high  commission  court  at  Durham, 
then  brought  into  the  commission  court  at  Lambeth, 
and  at  length  transmitted  thence  to  the  high  commis- 
sion at  York :  where  for  his  said  seditious  sermon 
or  sermons,  and  his  refusal  to  be  conformable  to  the 
ceremonies  of  the  church,  he  was  deprived  of  his 
prcbendship  and  parsonage,  degraded  from  his  mi- 
nistry, fined  500^.  and  imprisoned  many  years.  At 
length  when  the  long  parliament  began,  he,  upon 
petition  and  complaint  was  freed  from  his  prison  in 
the  King's-bench,  (where  he  had  continued  above 
eleven  years)  was  restored  to  all  he  had  lost,  (tho' 
he  enjoyed  them  but  a  little  while)  had  reparations 
made  for  his  losses,  and  became  a  witness  against 
archbishop  Laud  when  the  presbyterians  were  sedu- 
lously raking  up  all  things  against  him,  in  order  to 

Do  not  conceal,  nor  yet  eclipse 
Thy  pearly  teeth  with  coral  lips ; 
Lest  that  the  seas  cease  lo  bring  fnrtli 
Gems  which  from  thee  have  all  their  worth  ! 

Do  not  conceal  no  beauty,  grace. 
That's  either  in  ihy  uiind  or  face  ; 
Lest  vertue  overcome  by  vice 
Make  men  believe  no  paradise.] 

*  [Dec.  30,  1609,  he  was  collated  to  the  sixth,  and  July  6, 
1614,  removed  to  the  fourth,  stall.  Willis,  Cathedrals,  (Dur- 
ham) pages  266,  268.] 

'  [From  Wood's  own  MS.  correction  it  appears  he  intended 
it  should  have  stood  thus — '  being  puritannically  and  fac- 
tionsly  given' — &c.  See  his  MS.  note  in  Ashniole's  Mu- 

'  [See  Dr.  Cosin's  answer  to  the  charge  foregoing  in  Dr. 
Heyhn's  J?xanien,  p.  284,  he.  2()0,  I.     Hakes.] 

*  [This  sermon  was  preached  July  7,  l628,  and  printed 
1640.  He  wonders  at  the  presumptuous  boldness  of  him — 
who  about  11  years  ago,  upon  the  death  of  I  he  late  bishop, 
before  we  had  another — took  upon  him  to  alter  the  situation 
of  the  communion-table,  turned  into  an  altar,  p.  36.  Baker.  J 







bring  liim  to  liis  tryal.  Our  author  Smart  hath 
written  and  jjiiblisheu 

Th^  Vanity  and  Dowtif'al  of  Siij)cr.stH'ton  and 
Pojnuh  Cerenumies,  in  two  Sermons  in  the  Ca- 
thedral Church  of  Durham,  preached  in  July  1628, 

on  Psal.  31  part  of  the  7  Verse Thoy  were 

twice  printed  in  that  year,'  one  impression  whereof 
was  at  Edinburgh.  [Bodl.  4to.  P.  44.  Th.] 

A  brief  hut  true,  historical  Narration  of  some 
notorious  Acts  and  Speeches  of  Mr.  John  Cosins, 
and  same  other  of  his  Companions,  contracted  into 

Various  Poems  in  Lat.  and  Eng.- 

— These, 
which  are  called  in  one  or  more  auction  catalogues 
Old  Smarts  Verses,  I  have  not  yet  seen,  nor  other 
matters  of  his  com  jx)sition.  He  departed  tiiis  mortal 
life  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  two,  or  thereabouts, 
having  several  years  before  been  the  senior  prelxjn- 
dary  of  the  church  of  Durham,  leaving  then  behind 
him  tliis  character  given  by  the  presbyterian,  that  he 
was  a  godly  and  judicious  minister,  and  a  zealous 
enemy  against  superstition  and  the  maintainers  there- 
of. Also  that  he  was  the  protomartyr  of  these 
latter  days  of  persecution,  &c.  "  He  wa.s  living  in 
"  the  year  1644,  when  he  was  one  of  the  witnesses 
"  against  archbishop  Laud  at  his  tryal." 

[^ee  Mr.  Peter  Smart's  Petition,  Articles,  S(c. 
with  a  Treatise  of  Altars,  Altar^fumiture,  Altar 
cringing,  Sc.  1629 ;  class  F  5,  50. 

Septuagenarii  Scnis  itinej-antis  Cantus  Epithala- 
mkus.  fiat.  Feb.  16,  1643,  a?tatis  76.  Vester  in 
Christo  et  ecclesia?  minister,  Petrus  Smartus,  in 
which  year  he  was  yet  living. 

Dec.  20,  1645,  he  (P.  S.)  has  the  sequestered 
rectory  of  Bishops-Stoak,  Southt.  given  him. 

He  lived  to  the  year  1648,  October  30,  as  appears 
from  a  letter  of  tbat  date,  under  his  own  nand.^ 

«  ROWLAND  VAUGHAN  was  bom  of,  and 
"  descended  from,  an  antient  and  genteel  family 
"  living  in  Montgomeryshire,  was  educated  for  a 
"  time  in  this  university,  particularly,  as  it  seems  in 
"  Jesus  coll.  but  left  it  without  a  degree,  and  retiring 
"  to  his  patrimony  spent  his  time  in  virtuous  em- 
"  ployments,  and  not  in  the  brutish  pleasures  which 
"  several  country  gentlemen  delight  in  and  follow. 
"  He  hath  translated  from  English  into  Welsh, 
"  (1)  The  Practice  of  Piety,  which  he  entitled  Yr 
"  Ymafer  odduwioldeb :  yn  cyfaruyddo  dyn  i  ryn- 
"  gu  bodd  Duw,  &c.  Lond.  1656.  oct.  which  is  the 
"  second  or  third  edit.     (2)   The  Catechism  of  Dr. 

"  [A  Sermon  preached  in  the  Cathedral  Church  of  Dur- 
ham July  27,' l(i28,  by  Peter  Smart.  Printed  in  the  year 
l640;  penes  W.K.  Kenn  EX.] 

'  [This  Narration,  is  printed  at  the  end  of  the  Sermons. 


*  [It  is  probable  that  Smart  died  in  lC52,  (instead  of 
1642)  when  he  would  have  been  85  years  old.  See  the 
English  Life  of  Dr.  John  Barwick,  Lond.  1724,  page  egO, 
note  m.] 

"  Ja.  Usher  Archbishop  (tf  Armagli,vi\\\c\\  he  entit. 
"  Prif  fannau  Crefydd  Gri-itnogaid  a  IJunjbreid- 
"  diad  byr  or  Athrawiuth  o  honi.  Lond.  1G58.  oct. 
"  Thi.s  person,  wiio  wjis  an  excellent  linguist,  and  a 
"  renownetl  jxx-t,  a.s  several  of  hisconi|H).silion.s  shew, 
"  was  hving  when  the  grand  rel)eliion  broke  out ; 
"  but  whether  he  was  in  being  when  urchb.  Usher's 
"  Catechism  came  out  in  Welsh  I  cannot  tell.  One 
"  Rowl.  Vaugiian  was  inatriculaied  as  a  memlKT  of 
"  Jesus  coll.  and  a  Glamorganshire  man,  born  in 
"  1591,  aged  18  years,  but  he  Ix-ing  matriculated  as 
"  a  plebeian's  son,  I  do  not  take  him  to  Ijc  the  same 
"  with  Rowl.  Vaughan  the  translator,  l>ecauso  he 
"  was  an  esquire's  son,  wrote  liimself  esquire,  and 
"  was  a  native  of  Montgomeryshire,  as  I  nave  been 
"  informetl  by  Dr.  Micli.  Ro[)erts  sometimes  priii- 
"  cipal  of  Jesus  college,  who  knew  the  man  anci  was 
"  acquainted  with  him." 

ALEXANDER  GILL,  son  of  A.  Gill  men- 
tioned .among  the  writers  under  the  year  1635,  was 
bom  in  London,  particularly,  if  I  mistake  not,  in  S. 
Ann's  parish,  became  a  commoner  of  Trin.  coll.  in 
the  beginning  of  the  year  1612,  and  in  that  d  his 
age  15,  exhibited  to  in  his  studies  by  the  society  of 
mercers  in  London,  t<x)k  the  degrees  in  arts,  became 
an  usher  under  his  father  in  S.  Paul's  school,  and 
under  Tho.  Famabie  the  famous  schcxjlmaster  in 
Goldsmith's-Rents ;  under  lx>th  which,  he  spent 
more  than  ten  years.  I  find  one  Dr.  Gill  to  have 
been  master  of  Okeham  school  in  Rutlandshire,  but 
whether  the  same  with  our  author,  who  was  of  an 
unsettled  and  inconstant  temper,  I  know  not.  At 
length,  after  many  changes,  rambles,  and  some  im- 
pristmments,  he  succeeded  his  father  in  the  office  of 
chief  master  of  S.  Paul's  school,  an.  1635,  and  in 
the  latter  end  of  the  next  year  took  the  degree  of 
doct.  of  divinity,  being  then  accountetl  one  of  the 
best  Latin  poets  in  the  nation.  In  1640  he  was  re- 
moved from  the  said  school,  with  an  allowance  of 
25Z.  per  an.  allotted  to  him  in  rtx^uital  of  it :  where- 
upon he  taught  certain  youtlis  privately  in  Alders- 
gate-strect  in  London,  to  the  time  of  his  death.  His 
works  are 

Arithmeticorum  'Aya/ivijVif.  Printed  at  the  end 
of  N.  Simpson's  book  called  Arithmeticce  Compen- 
dium, 1623.  oct. 

Panthea.  In  lionorern  illu-striss.  spectatiss.  om- 
nibus Animi  Corporisque  Dotibus  instructiss.  He- 
roince,  qiM  mihi  in  Terris,  &c.  Printed  in  one 
sheet  in  qu. 

A  Song  of  Victory,  upon  the  Proceedings  and 
Success  of  the  Wars  undertaken  by  the  most  puis- 
sant King  ofSweeden.^     Lond.  1632.  qu. 

'  [In  the  first  edition  Wood  made  a  mistake,  in  supposing 
that  this  poem  was  also  written  in  Latin,  and  then  translated 
hy  fV.  H.  which  applies  to  the  following  article  only.  This 
mistake,  afterwards  corrected,  was  not  worth  pointing  out ; 
and  it  is  now  dene  merely  for  the  sake  <f  preventing  any 
doubts  as  to  the  fidelity  of  the  collation  made  for  the  present 







"  EniNlKION  (k  Gestis,  Succcssibus,  et  Victorih 
"  Re^i.i  Siteciw  m  GermaniA,  An.  1631.  I.,ond.  in 
"  qu.  This  was  also  Englislietl  aiul  explained  with 
"  marginal  notes  by  W.  IL  under  this  title.  A 
"  Song  of  Victory!" 

riAPEPrA,  S'lve  Poetici  Connfiis,  tib  nliqiuimmul- 
tis  antchax  expetiti,  &.c.  Lond.  1632.  in  5  sheets  in 

EUgy  on  Thorn.  Earl  of  Strafford  beheaded  on 

Tower-fi'iU  May  12  an.  1641. Besides  these  I 

have  also  seen  a  MS.  lxx>k  of  verses  of  his  compo- 
123^  sition,  made  on  these  subjects  following  (1)  Sylva 
Duels,  made  16!29,  afterwards  remitted  among  his 
}X)ems  in  Poetici  Conatus.  (2)  Suedus  Hat.  An. 
1631.  (3)  In  ejus  Obit.  1632.  (4)  Anniver.^.  1633. 
(5)  Anniver.s.  2.  An.  1634.  (6)  Ann.  3.  1635.  (7) 
In  Cadem  Wallest.  1634.  (8)  Arx  Skinkiana,* 
1633.  (9)  In  Navarr.  Reg.  (10)  Coopnelli  Cin- 
gulum,W29.  (U)  Ad  cwidem,  I6i>d.  (12)  Epi- 
tuphium  Rich.  Pates,  1633.  This  Rich.  Pates  was 
a  master  commoner  of  Trin.  coll.  who  dying  in  that 
year,  had  a  long  epitaph  in  prose  set  over  his  grave 
m  the  parish  church  of  S.  Mary  Magd.  within  the 
north  suburb  of  Oxon.  (13)  In  Obitum  Gulielmi 
Paddy  Eg.  Aur.  et  M.  D.  (14)  Ad  D.  Chrlitoph. 
Yelverton.  (15)  /«  Obitum  Edw.  Vaughan,  1637, 
&c.  At  length  after  our  author  Gill  had  made 
many  rambles  in  this  world,  he  did  quietly,  yet  not 
without  some  regret,  lay  down  his  head  and  dye, 
1 648.  towards  the  latter  end  of  the  year  sixteen  hundred 
forty  and  two,  and  was  buried  in  the  church  of  S. 
Botolph  wathout  Aldersgate  in  London.  His  suc- 
cessor in  St.  Paul's  school  was  Joh.  Langley,  some- 
times master  of  the  college  school  in  the  city  of  Glo- 
cester,  as  I  have  elsewhere  told  you. 

[On  Friday  sennight  were  censured  in  the  Star 
Chamber  Alex.  Gill  B.  D.  at  Oxford,  and  usher  in 
Paul's  sch(x>l  under  his  own  father — for  saying  in 
Trinity  coll.  that  our  king  was  fitter  to  stand  m  a 
Cheapside  shop,  with  an  apron  before  him,  and  say 
Wlmt  lack  you?  than  to  goveme  the  kingdome — 
2.  that  the  duke  was  gone  down  to  hell  to  meet  K. 
James  there — 3.  for  drinking  a  health  to  Felton, 
saying,  he  was  sorry  Felton  had  deprived  him  of 
the  honour  of  doing  that  brave  action,  &c.  His  cen- 
sure was  to  be  degrjuled  both  from  his  ministrie  and 
degrees  taken — to  lose  one  eare  at  London  and  the 
other  at  Oxford,  and  to  be  fined  at  2000 '"'  &c.  In 
a  letter  from  Mr.  Joseph  Metle  to  sir  Martin  Stute- 
ville,  dated  Chr.  coll.  Nov.  15,  1628.  MS.  Harley. 
Gill  is  degraded,  but  for  the  fine  and  corporal 
punishment,  there  is  obtained  a  mitigation  of  the 
first,  and  a  full  remission  of  the  latter,  upon  old  Mr. 
Gill  the  father's  petition  to  his  majestic,  which  my 
lo.  of  London  seconded  for  his  coat-sake,  and  love 
to  his  father.  Chr.  coll.  Nov.  22,  (1628)  Joseph 
Mead.     MS.  Harley.     Bakek. 

■*  [A  copy  in  MS.  in  tlic  Bodleian,  with  tlie  following  title  : 
Skenkiana,  sive  Gralulntoria  Batavis  tlica/a  ob  lies  feticiler 
getlas.  A».  l03j.  MSS.  Rawl.  ilfwc.  398.  fol.  UJO.] 

I  take  this  opjwrtunity  of  correcting  an  error  in 
the  second  volume,  col.  598,  where  I  have  printed 
some  lines  '  Vppon  Ben  Jonson's  Magnettick  La- 
dye,'  conceiving  them  to  have  been  written  by  Alex- 
ander Gill  sen.  whereas  they  were  certainly  the  pro^ 
duction  of  his  son.  From  the  same  MS.  page  188, 
I  now  give  a  few  lines  of 

An  Elegie  ujyjyon  the  Death  of  Mrs.  Penelope 
Nowell,  Daugfiter  to  the  Lo.  Vicount  Camden. 

How  fast  my  greues  come  on ;  how  thick  a  shoole 
Of  sorrowes  rush  upjxjn  this  frighted  soule  I 
Was't  nott  enough  my  deare  Amintas  late 
Was  taken  from  mee  by  to  early  fate .'' 
Was't  not  enoughe  that  on  braue  Sweden's  horse 
My  muse  astonnisht  pinn'd  her  moumefull  verse ; 
Butt  thou,  blest  saint,  before  w"'  careful!  heede 
My  wounds  weere  healed,  makest  them  a  fresh  to 

And  in  my  sorrowes  claimes  as  large  a  share 
As  thy  rare  beauty  and  thy  vertues  were — ] 

"  SYDNEY  GODOLPHIN,  second  son  of  sir 
"  Will.  Godolph.  of  G<xlo]j)hin  near  to  Helston  in 
"  Cornwall,  was  lx)rn  there  in  1610,  became  a  com- 
"  moner  or  sojourner  of  Exeter  coll.  in  the  begin- 
"  ning  of  the  year  1624,  continued  there  about  8 
"  years  under  a  careful  and  excellent  tutor,  and 
"  then  went  to  one  of  the  inns  of  court,  and  after- 
"  wards,  if  I  mistake  not,  travelled  beyond  the  seas. 
"  In  the  beginning  of  the  year  1640  he  was  elected 
"  burgess  for  Helston  before-mention'd,  to  serve  in 
"  that  pari,  which  began  at  Westm.  13  Apr.  the 
"  same  year,  and  again  for  the  same  place  to  sit  in 
"  that  unhappy  pari,  which  liegan  on  the  3  Nov. 
"  following,  where  shortly  after  he  was  posted  up 
"  for  one  of  the  Straffordians,  because  he  took  part 
"  with  the  most  noble  and  conspicuous  Tho.  earl  of 
"  Strafford  against  a  predominant  party  in  the  house 
"  that  were  eager  to  take  away  his  life.  But  upon 
"  tlie  king's  setting  up  his  standard,  he  left  the  par- 
"  Uament  in  their  nigh  and  most  desperate  proceed- 
"  ings,  retired  to  his  own  country  to  do  his  majesty 
"  service ;  and  being  engaged  against  the  rebels  witJi 

"  one  Mr. Martin  of  Devonsh.  and  odiers  of 

"  less  note,  he  was  unfortunately  slain  by  his  too  va- 
"  liantly  entring  upon  them  in  Chagford  in  the  said 
"  county,  before  the  passages  were  gained  and  they 
"  scatter'd.  He  was  a  person  of  excellent  parts,  of 
"  an  incomparable  wit  and  exact  judgment,  did  love 
"  Hobbes  of  Malmsbury  in  .some  respects  and  ex- 
"  hibited  to  him,  and  was  intirely  beloved  by  him, 
"  who  not  undeservedly  gave'  him  this  character, 
"  after  he  had  unexpectedly  received  a  legacy  from 
"  him  of  200A  '  There  is  not  any  \irtue  that  dis- 
"  '  poseth  a  man,  either  to  the  service  of  God,  or 
"  '  to  the  service  of  his  country,  to  civil  society,  or 
"  '  to  private  friendship,  that  did  not  manifestly  ap- 
'*  '  pear  in  his  conversation,  not  as  acquired  by  nc- 
"  '  cessity,  or  affected  upon   occasion,   but  inhe- 

*  In  his  preface  to  the  Lcvialhan. 



"  *  rent  and  shining  in  a  generous  constitution 
"  '  of  his  nature' — In  another  place "  also  the  said 
"  author  Mr.  Hobbcs  speaks  thus  of  him :  I  have 
"  '  known  clearness  of  judgment,  and  largeness  of 
"  '  fancy,  strength  of  reason  and  graceful  elocution ; 
"  '  a  courage  for  the  war,  and  a  fear  for  the  laws ; 
"  '  and  all  eminently  in  one  man  ;  and  that  was  my 
"  '  most  noble  and  nonour'd  friend  Mr.  Sydn.  Go- 
"  '  dolphin,  who  hating  no  man,  nor  hated  of  any, 
"  '  was  unfortunately  slain  in  the  beginning  of  the 
"  '  late  civil  war,  in  a  pid)lic  quarrel,  by  an  undis- 
"  '  cemed  and  undisceming  hand.  Sec'  Thus  Mr. 
"  Hobbes :  to  which  I  shiJl  add  what  a  noble  '  au- 
"  thor  saith  of  him,  and  Mr.  Godolphin  thus.  '  And 
"  '  I  would  be  very  willing  to  preserve  the  just  tes- 
"  *  timony,  which  lie  (Hobl)es)  gives  to  the  memory 
"  '  of  Sydn.  Gcxlolphin,  who  deserved  all  the  elogy 
"  '  that  he  gives  of  him,  and  whose  untimely  loss  in 
"  '  the  beginning  of  the  war,  was  too  lively  an  in- 
"  '  stance  of  the  inequality  of  the  contention,  when 
"  '  such  inestimable  treasure  was  ventured  against 
[24]  "  '  dirty  people  of  no  name,  and  whose  irreparable 
"  '  loss  was  lamented  by  all  men  living  who  pre- 
"  '  tended  to  virtue.  But  I  find  my  .self  tempted  to 
"  '  add,  that  of  all  men  living,  there  were  no  two 
"  '  more  unlike  than  Mr.  Godolphin  and  Mr. 
"  '  Hobbes,  in  the  modesty  of  nature  or  integrity 
*'  '  of  manners,  and  therefore  it  will  be  ttx)  reason- 
"  '  ablv  sus{)ected,  that  the  freeness  of  the  legacy 
"  '  rather  put  him  in  mind  of  that  noble  gentleman 
"  '  to  mention  him  in  the  fag-end  of  his  book  very 
"  '  improperly,  and  in  a  huddle  of  many  unjusti- 
"  '  fiable  and  wicked  particulars,  when  he  had  more 
"  '  seasonable  occasion  to  have  remembred  him  in 
"  '  many  parts  of  his  book,'  &c.'  The  said  Mr. 
"  Godolphm,  who  was  an  eminent  poet  of  his  time, 
"  hath  written, 

"  Various  Poems — Some  of  which  are  printed  in 

*  In  his  Review  and  Conclusion  of  the  Leviathan,  p.  3Q0. 

'  Edw.  earl  ot'Clar.  in  his  Brief  Fiew  and  Survei/  of  Mr, 
Hehhess  Leviathan,  Oxon.  lfi76,  p.  319.  320. 

"  [Lord  Clarendon's  own  character  of  him  now  follows  : 
— He  was  a  younger  brother  of  Godolphin,  but  by  the  provi- 
sion left  by  his  father,  and  by  the  death  of  a  younger  brother, 
liberally  supplied  for  a  very  good  education,  and  for  a  chear- 
ful  subsistence,  in  any  course  of  life  he  proposed  to  himself. 
There  was  never  so  great  a  mind  and  spirit  contained  in  so 
little  room  ;  so  large  an  understanding,  and  so  unrestrained  a 
fancy,  in  so  very  small  a  body  :  so  that  the  lord  Falkland 
used  to  say  merrily,  that  he  thought  it  was  a  great  ingredient 
into  his  friendship  for  Mr.  Godolphin,  that  he  was  pleased 
to  be  found  in  his  company,  where  ne  was  the  propeter  man  ; 
and  it  may  be,  the  very  remarkableness  of  his  little  person, 
made  the  sharpness  of  his  wit,  and  the  composed  quickness 
of  his  judgment  and  understanding,  the  more  notable.  He 
had  spent  some  years  in  France  and  in  the  low  Countries, 
and  accompanied  the  earl  of  Leicester  in  his  ambassage  into 
Denmark,  before  he  resolved  to  be  quiet,  and  attend  some 
promotion  in  the  court ;  where  his  excellent  disposition  and 
manners,  and  extraordinary  qualifications,  made  him  very 
acceptable.  Though  cvery-body  loved  his  company  very 
well,  yet  he  loved  very  much  to  be  alone,  being  in  his  con- 
stitution inclined  somewhat  to  melancholy,  and  to  retirement 
amongst  his  books ;  and  was  so  far  from  being  active,  that 

"  several  books,  as  yin  Ekgjj  on  Dr.  Joh.  Donn,  a 
"  Sonff  on  Tfu).  Killigrew  and  Will.  Murrey,  &f. 
"  And  translate<l  into  English  verse,  The  Passion 
"  of  Dido  for  JEneoJi,  as  it  is  inaymfuirabli/  exprest 
"in  the  jburth  Book  trf  Virgd.  Lond.  1658.  o<t. 
"  This  iK'ing  done  (all  out  a  very  little)  by  our  in- 
"  comparable  author  as  well  for  virtue  oh  wit,  was 
"  perfected,  compleated  and  publishi-d  by  Edminid 
"  Waller  of  Beconsfield  in  Bucks,  es«j;  of  whom 
"  having  now  a  just  occasion  to  make  mention,  I 
"  shall  give  you  some  minutes  of  him  by  and  by ; 
"  and  in  the  mean  time  tell  you  that  Syd.  Godol- 
"  phin  was  buried  in  the  chancel  of  the  church  of 
"  Okehampton,  a  market  town  in  Devonsh.  on  the 
"  tenth  day  of  Febr.  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and 
"  two ;  whose  adieu  Mr.  Ht)bbes '  will  give  you 
"  thus, 

"  Thou'rt  dead,  Godolphin,  who  lov'dst  reason  true, 
"  Ju.stice  and  peace ;  soldier  belov'd,  adieu !" 

"  Mr.  Godolphin  left  several  copies  of  verses  be- 
"  hind  him,  worthy  (as  I  have  been  inform'd)  of 
"  the  press,  which  afterwards  came  into  the  hands 
"  of  a  gent,  called  Davits,  who  married  his  sweet- 
"  heart  Mrs.  Berkley,  sister  to  Charles  vicount 
"  Fitzharding.  As  for  Edm.  Waller  who  was  one  of 
"  the  famed  poets  of  the  late  times,  and  whose  name 
"  wiU  ever  be  dear  to  all  lovers  of  the  muses,  was 
"  born,  as  I  have  been  infomietl  by  his  antient  ac- 
"  quaintance,  at  Winchmore-hUI  in  the  of 
"  Agmundesham  commonly  Amersam  in  Bucks,  on 
"  the  13  of  March  1606,  but  descended  from  the 
"  genteel  famUy  of  his  name,  which  livetl  at  Groom- 
"  bridge  in  Kent,  mostly  educatetl  in  grammaticals 
"  under  one  Dobson  mmister  of  Great  Wycombe 
"  in  the  said  county,  (who  had  l)een  eflucated  in 
"  Eaton  school)  and  afterwards  in  academicals  in 
"  King's  coll.  in  Cambridge,'  (as  I  have  been  in- 
"  formed  by  his  said  acquaintance)  where  his  geny 

he  was  contented  to  be  reproached  by  his  friends  with  lazi- 
ness ;  and  was  of  so  nice  and  tender  a  comriosition,  that  a 
little  rain  or  wind  would  disorder  him,  and  divert  him  from 
any  short  journey  he  had  most  willingly  proposed  to  himself; 
insomuch,  as  when  he  rid  abroad  with  those  in  whose  com- 
pany he  most  delighted,  if  the  wind  chanced  to  be  in  his 
face,  he  would  (after  a  little  pleasant  murmuring)  suddenly 
turn  his  horse,  and  go  home.  Yet  the  civil  war  no  sooner 
began  (the  first  approaches  towards  which  he  discovered  as 
soon  as  any  man,  by  the  proceedings  in  parliament,  where  he 
was  a  member,  and  opposed  with  great  indignation)  he 
put  himself  into  the  first  troops  that  were  raised  in  the  West 
for  the  king;  and  bore  the  uneasiness  and  fatigue  of  winter 
marches  with  an  exemplar  courage  and  alacrity ;  until  by 
too  brave  a  pursuit  of  the  enemy  into  an  obscure  village  in 
Devonshire,  he  was  shot  with  a  musket,  with  which  (with- 
out saying  any  word  more  than  Oh  God,  I  am  hurt .')  he  fell 
dead  from  his  horse  ;  to  the  excessive  grief  of  his  friends, 
who  were  all  that  knew  him,  and  the  irreparable  damage  of 
the  public.  Life  of  Edw.  Earl  of  Clarendon,  edit,  folio,  p. 

'  In  his  own  life,  printed  in  English,  p.  17. 

'  [Edmundus  Waller  coll.  Regal,  conv.  admissus  io  IM- 
triculam  acad.  Mar.  22,  l()20.     Baker.] 




and  early  inclinations  to  poetry  were  by  his  tutor 
aiul  others  observed.  Aiterward.s  he  beeame  one 
of  the  first  refiners  of  the  ICn<flisii  tongue,  was 
highly  valued  at  court  bel'orc  tlie  civil  war  iK'gan, 
and  much  resjxx;ted  by  Ben.  Johnson,  Lucius 
lord  Falkland,  Syd.  Gociol)>hin,  Hobbes  of  Malms- 
bury,  &c.  and  afterwards  by  Abr.  Cowley.  He 
was  once,  if  not  twice,  a  burgess  to  serve  in  par- 
liam.  in  the  reign  of  K.  Ch.  I.  was  a  member  of 
the  long  jMirl.  where  speaking  several  speeches, 
were  afterwards  printed  and  greedily  Ixjught  up. 
In  the  latter  end  of  the  year  1642  lie  was  one  of 
the  commissioners  apjx)inted  by  the  pari,  to  pre- 
sent their  propositions  for  peace  to  his  maj.  at 
Oxon ;  where  arriving  and  kissing  the  king's  hand 
at  Ch.  Church,  his  maj.  took  more  notice  of,  and 
spoke  more  kindly  to,  him  (Mr.  Waller)  than  to 
any  of  the  rest;  the  reason  of  which  was  soon 
after  knowTi.  In  1643,  he  was  deeply  engaged  in 
the  royalists  plot  for  the  reducing  of  London  and 
the  Tower  to  the  service  of  his  majesty ;  but  the 
plot  being  discovered,  he  was  taken  and  impri- 
son'd,  and  had  certainly  gone  to  pot,  had  he  not 
received  a  reprieve  from  Rob.  earl  of  Essex  gene- 
ral of  the  pari,  forces.  However  Nath.  Tomkyns 
and  Rich.  Chaloner,  who  were  also  engaged  in 
that  plot,  suffered  death  by  han^ng  on  the  Stli 
of  July  in  the  same  year.  After  he  had  continued 
a  prisoner  about  an  year,  and  had  paid  a  fine  of 
ten  thousand  pounds  to  the  pari,  (which  made  him 
sell  part  of  his  land)  and  thereujx)n  pardon'd,  he 
travelled  into  France  and  elsewhere ;  and  at  his 
return  sided,  as  it  seems,  with  the  men  then  in 

'  [The  Wallers  are  originally  of  Spcndhurst,  in  Kent. 
Rich.  Waller  of  that  place,  esq.  took  (ha.  duke  of  Orleans, 
prisoner  at  the  battle  of  Agincourl,  which  prince  remained 
at  Spendhnrst  for  24  years:  in  reward  for  this,  the  gallant 
K.  Henry  5  gave,  in  addition  to  his  cnat  of  arms,  a  crest, 
viz.  the  arms  of  Orleans  hanging  by  a  label  upon  an  oak  or 
walnut-tree,  with  this  motto,  '  hiEC  fructus  vinuiis.'  Their 
estates  at  this  time  were  70(jO/.  per  an.  Rob.  the  poet's  father, 
was  descended  from  the  above  Richard  ;  he  married  the  sis- 
ter of  the  patriot  Hampden,  by  whom  he  had  several  sons 
and  daughters;  of  the  sons  Edm.  (lie  poet  was  the  eldest; 
three  of  whose  brothers  settled  in  Ireland  ;  two  of  them  fell 
victims  to  the  bloody  vindiclive  Irish,  in  the  massacre  of  the 
Protestants,  in  1041;  Rob.  a  third  brother,  was  employed  in 
that  kingdom  by  the  protectors  Oliver  and  Rich,  and  was  an- 
cestor of  the  Wallers,  baronets  of  Ireland.  Tho.  another 
brother,  was  a  colonel  in  the  parlcment  army,  but  was  call- 
ed to  the  degree  of  a  serjeant-at-law  at  the  restoration.  Of 
the  daughters,  one  married  to  Adrian  Scronpe,  of  Bucking- 
hamshire, esa.  descended  from  theancientlords  of  that  name:  ,  ^  •  . 
it  was  he  who  interceded  with  the  parlement  to  permit  his     tody  of  her  daughter  Price:  but  although  the  prot.  Oliver,  call 

"  jxjwer ;  and  when  Oliver  «iis  made  lortl  protector, 
"  he  wrote  and  published  a  panegyric  on  him.  Wlten 
"  K.  Ch.  II.  returned,  he  was  kindly  received  by 
"  him,  and  no  man's  conversation  was  more  desiretl 
"  at  the  ctmrt  than  his.  In  1661  he  was  elected 
"  burgess  fiir  Hastings  in  Sussex  to  serve  in  that 
"  jiarliament  which  began  at  Westminster  on  the 
"  8th  of  May  the  same  year.  Josepha  Maria,  call'd 
"  by  some  Maria  Beatricia,  duchess  of  York,  (after- 
"  wards  queen)  took  much  delight  in  his  company, 
"  and  laiii  her  commands  upon  him  to  write,  which 
"  he  accordingly  did,  to  her  great  liking.  Upon  the 
"  death  of  Dr.  R.  Allestrie,  he  put  in  for  tlie  pro- 
"  vostship  of  Eaton  coll.  in  the  latter  end  of  loSO, 
"  (as  he  nad  done  before,  after  his  majesty's  restora- 
"  tion)  but  lost  it  to  the  regret  of  him  and  liis  rela- 
"  tions.  At  length  having  liv'd  to  a  fair  age,  died 
"  on  the  20th  of  October  1687,  and  was  buried  in 
"  the  yard  l>elonging  to  the  church  of  Beconsfield 
"  before-mention'd,  near  to  the  graves  of  his  grand- 
"  father  and  grand-mother,  and  of  his  fiither  Rob. 
"  Waller,  and  his  mother  Anne  Hamden  (by  which 
"  last  he  became  related  to  Oliver  Cromwell  the  pro- 
"  tector)«  and  others  of  his  name  and  family.  The 
"  graves  of  all  whom  (which  are  S.  W.  of  the  church) 
"  are  compa.ssed  about  with  a  frame  of  timber,  like 
"  to  a  pound,  and  in  the  middle  of  it  grows  a  wal- 
"  nut-tree,  (the  crest  belonging  to  the  arms  of  his 
"  family)  which  in  summer  shades  the  place.  Soon 
"  after  his  death  were  published  Poems  to  the  Me- 
"  mory  of  that  incomparable  Poet  Edm.  Waller, 
"  esq;  Lond.  1688.  qu.  written  by  several  hands. 
"  This  most  celebrated  person  hath  extant  Poems 

and  signing  the  warrant  for  his  execution.  Another  of  the 
sisters  of  tlie  poet,  was  married  to  the  equally  unfortunate 
Mr.  Tompkins,  clerk  of  the  council  to  Q.  Henrietta  Maria, 
who  died  for  being  in  his  brother-in-law  Waller's  plot.  A 
third  sister  married  to  Mr.  Price,  a  great  p.irlementarian  ;  it 
was  this  sister  who  betrayed  the  poet  to  the  parlement.  A 
4lh  sister,  Eliz.  married  to  Maximilian  Pcilie  of  Thame  and 
Tedsworth,  esq.  also  a  friend  to  the  parlement.  What  has 
given  rise  to  the  idea  that  the  p-'et  Waller  was  a  relation  of 
the  prot,  Oliver,  was  their  always  calling  cousin,  a  usual 
custom  at  that  time,  where  any  family  connexions  were, 
thougli  the  parties  were  not  actually  allied  ;  Mrs.  Waller, 
the  poet's  mother,  was  a  loyalist,  and  would  often  tell  Oli- 
ver, thai  things  would  revert  to  their  own  channel,  and  leave 
him  and  his  friends  in  ruin.  Upon  which  he  would  take  up 
a  towel,  as  his  custom  was,  and  throw  it  at  her,  saying. 
Well,  well,  aunt  (as  he  used  to  call  her)  I  will  not  dispute 
the  matter  with  you:  but  when  his  highness  found  that 
'  she  was  more  in  earnest  than  he  in  jest,'  and  that  she  held 
correspondence  with  the  royalists,  he  put  her  under  the  cus- 

brother-in-law.  Waller's  return  to  England ;  but  he  found 
no  friend  to  save  his  own  life  at  the  restoration,  at  which 
time  he  was  hanged  for  condemning  K.  Cha.  1.  to  death, 

Sir  Hen.  Cromwell,  knt. 

ed  Mrs.  Waller  aunt,  and  her  son,  the  poet,  cousin,  yet  there 
was  no  real  relationship  between  tliem  ;  the  patriot  Hamp- 
den, indeed,  was  first  cousin  to  each,  as  this  sketch  will  shew  : 

Griffith  Hampden,  esq. 

Rob.  Cromwell,  esq. 

Oliver  Cromwell, 

lord  protector. 


I 1 

=Wil.  Hampden,  esq.  Ann= 

=Rich.  Waller,  esq. 

;.-T-wu.  nampaen,  esq.  Ann-r-r 

John  Hampden,  esq.  Edm.  Waller,  esq. 

the  patriot.  the  pott. 

Noble,  Memoirs  of  the  Prolectoral  House  of  Cromwell,  Lond,  1787.  vol.  2,  page  66.] 





PaiTui men t   nga inut 
The   iK-frinniii};; 

written  upon  several  Occasions.  'I'he  first  ttlit. 
of  wliicli  came  out,  as  it  seems,  in  1()4.5,  oct. 
[Bodl.  8vo.  W.  11.  Art.  US.]  In  the  title  of  which 
'tis  said,  tliat  all  the  lyric  jxK-nis  in  that  lxK)k, 
were  set,  or  had  musical  com]X)sitions  put  to  lliein, 
by  Mr.  Hen.  Lawes,  gent,  of  the  king's  cha|)|)el, 
and  one  of  his  majesty's  private  nuisic.  At  the 
end  of  the  said  poems  are,  (1)  His  Speech  in 
the  Prelute\s  Innovations.'^ 
of  which  is  '  Mr.  s])eaker,  we 
shall  make  it  appear,'  ike.  (2)  His  Speech  at  a 
Conference  of  both  Houses  in  the  painted  Cham- 
ber ii  July  1641,  at  the  Deliveiij  of  the  Articles 
against  Judge  Craxdeij.*  The  beginning  is,  '  My 
lords,  I  am  commanded  by  the  house  of  connnons,' 
&c.  (3)  Speech  in  the  House  of  Commons  4  July 
1643,  beingbrought  to  the  Bar,  and  having  leave 
given  him  by  the  Speaker,  to  say  what  fie  could 
fyr  himself.  The  beginning  is  '  Mr.  speaker,  I 
acknowledge  it  a  great  mercy  of  Gcxl,'  &c.  But 
this  edition  was  not  corrected  and  pubUshed  by 
the  approbation  of  the  author,  till  1664.  After- 
wards follow'd  several  editions  of  them,  and  in  the 
last,  or  one  of  the  last,'  printed  in  tlie  life-time  of 
tlie  author,  there  is  set  l>cfore  them  his  picture 
when  a  young,  and  another  when  he  was  an  old, 
man  ;  and  in  1690  were  published  the  2d  part  of 
his  {X)ems,  entit.  The  Maid's  Tragedy  altered, 
with  some  other  Pieces.  Lond.  in  oct.  Among 
which  is,  A  Pancgyrick,  S^c.  to  Oliver  Cromwell, 
and  a  poem  entit.  Upon  the  Death  ofO.  C.  which 
is  the  same  with  that  entit.  Of  the  late  Storm,  and 
qf'the  Death  of  his  Highness  (O.  C.)  ensuing  the 
same,  which  had  been  printed  at  Lond.  1658,  on 
one  side  of  a  broad  sh.  of  paper.  Against  these 
two  came  out  a  most  sharp  and  bitter  answer,  en- 
tit. Tlie  Panegyrick  and  the  Storm,  two  Poetic 
Libels  by  Ed.  Waller  Vassal  to  the  Usurper,  an- 
swered by  more  faitlif'ul  Subjects  to  hi^  sacred 
Majesty  K.  Ch.  II.  It  was  printed  Ixjyond  the 
sea,  in  6  sh.  in  qu.  an.  1659,  and  dedicated  to 
George  earl  of  Norwich.^  Among  these  two  parts 
of  Mr.  Waller's  |xx!ms  and  pieces  arc  omitted, 
(1)  His  Speech  in  the  House  of  Commons,  4  July 
1643,  before  they  proceeded  to  expel  him  the 
House ;  a  copy  of  w-liich  is  printed  in  the  Histo- 
rical Collections  of  Jo.  Rushworth,  vol.  2.  part  3. 
p.  328,  and  is  the  same  with  the  third  speech  be- 
fore-mentioned, which  was  printed  in  the  first  edi- 
tion of  his  poems.  (2)  A  poem  entit.  To  the 
King  upon  his  Majesty  s  liappy  Return.  Lond. 

'  [First  edition,  in  one  sheet  in  4to.  Lond.  l64I.Bo<]l. 
C.  8.  29.  Line.] 

*  [The  first  edition  of  this  speech  was  in  two  sheets,  Lon- 
don 1641,  4to.  Bodl.  C.  13.  14.   Line] 

-'•  [The  fifth  edition  '  with  several  additions  never  before 
printed,'  London  1686,  has  one  head  only  by  R.  Vandrebanc, 

aet.  7t)J 

'^  [  Bodl.  Ravfl.  219.  This  copy  has  various  MS.  notes, 
and  the  dedication  is  signed  in  manuscript  Ri.  Watson.] 

Vol.  III. 

"  1660,  in  one  sh.  and  an  lialf  in  fol.  (3)  Him  traiu- 
"  lation  of  part  of  a  ]>lay,  in  wliicli  (.'horleii  Sack- 
"  vill  earl  of  Dorset  and  Middlesex  was  concem'd, 
"  viz.  Pimipcy  t/w  (ireut,  a  Trag.  acted  In/  the 
"  Servants  of  James  Duke  of  York. — Lond.  1664. 
"  (|U.  Tlu^rc  were  also  some  pisthumous  pocm8 
"  of  Mr.  Kdm.  Waller's,  nubli»ne<l  in  a  Ixxik  en- 
"  titled,  A  Collection  (rf  Poenus  by  several  Hartds, 
"  &c.  I>ond.  1693,  oct." 

TOBIAS  CRISP  third  son  of  Ellis  Crisp  of 
London  esq;  was  Iwm  in  Breadstrcet  in  the  same 
city,  an.  1600,  jMirtly  educated  in  granmiaticals  in 
Eaton  school  near  Windsor,  and  in  academicals  in 
the  university  of  Cambridge  till  he  was  l)ach.  of  arts. 
Afterwards,  for  the  accomplishment  of  certain  parts 
of  learning,  he  retired  to  Oxon,  and  in  the  begin- 
ning of  Febr.  1626  was  incorporated  in  that  degree 
as  a  member  of  Baliol  coll.  and  towards  the  latter 
end  of  the  said  month  he  was  admitted  to  pnx;eed 
in  that  faculty.  AVhich  degree  Ix'ing  by  him  com- 
pleatetl,  as  a  memlKT  of  the  said,  in  the  act 
following,  celebrated  in  July  1627,  he  l)ecame  about 
that  time  rector  of  Brinkworth  in  Wiltshire;  where, 
being  setletl,  he  was  much  followed  for  his  edifying 
way  of  j)reaching,  and  for  his  groat  hospitality  to  all 
persons  that  resorted  to  his  house.  Ujxin  the  break- 
mg  out  of  the  rebellion  (at  which  time  he  was  doctor 
of  divinity  of  some  years  standing)  he  left  his  rectory 
in  Aug.  1642,  and  being  puritanically  affected,  he 
did,  to  avoid  the  insolencies  of  the  soldiers,  especially 
of  the  cavaliers,  (for  whom  he  had  but  little  affec- 
tion) retire  to  London,  where  his  opinions  lx;ing  soon 
discovered,  was  baited  by  52  opp)nents  in  a  grand 
dispute  concerning  freeness  of  the  grace  of  God  in 
Jesus  Christ  to  poor  sinners,  &c.  By  which  en- 
coimter,'  which  was  eagerly  managed  on  his  part, 
he  contractetl  a  disease  that  brought  him  to  his 
grave,  as  I  shall  anon  tell  you.  After  his  death 
were  published  of  his  composition  tliese  things  fol- 

Christ  alone  exalted,  in  14  Sermons.  Lond.  1 643. 
in  (Kt.  vol.  1.  Some  of  which  sermons  savouring 
much  of  Antinomianism,  were  answered  by  Steph. 
Geere,  as  I  shall  elsewhere  tell  you,  and,  if  I  mis- 
take not,  by  one  two  or  more. 

Christ  alone  exalted,  in  17  Sermons,  on  Phil.  3, 
8,  9.    Lond.  1644.  oct.  vol.  2.  alone  e.ralted  in  the  Perfection  and  En- 
couragement of  his  Saints,  notwitlistanding  Sins 
and  Tryals,  in  eleven  Sermons.  Lond.  1646,  &c. 
oct.  vol.  3.  Before  which  is  the  author's  picture  in 
a  cloak.  At  length,  many  years  after  (viz.  in  1683.) 
were,  as  an  addition  to  the  three  former  volumes, 
publishetl  in  oct.  Christ  alone  exalted,  in  two  Ser- 
mons, foimd  written  with  his  own  hand  among  se- 
veral of  liis  writings  in  the  custody  of  his  son  Mr. 

'  [See  a  very  full  account  of  this  controversy  in  Nelson's 
Li/f  of  Dithop  Bull,  Lond.  1713,  8vo.  pp.  200,  S70.] 





Sani.  Crisp  one  of  the  governors  of  Ch.  Ch.  hospital 
in  I^ndon,  wlio  lately,  with  great  civility,  infonnecl 
me,  by  his  letters,  that  his  father  Dr.  Tobias  Crisp 
dying  of  the  small-jwx  on  the  27th  of  Febr.  in  six- 
l64{.  t<jenluimlreil  forty  and  two,  was  buried  in  a  vault 
pertaining  to  his  family,  situatetl  and  being  under 
part  of  tlie  church  of  S.  Mildred  in  I^readstreet, 
wherein  his  father  E.  Crisp  alderman  (who  died  in 
his  shrivalty  of  London  13  Nov.  1625,)  was  burial. 
Dr.  Crisp  left  behind  him  many  children,  begotten 
on  the  body  of  his  wife,  the  daughter  of  Rowland 
Wilson  alderman  and  sheriff"  of  London,  one  of  the 
members  of  the  long  parliament,  and  of  the  council 
of  state,  1648-9-  See  more  in  Obad.  Sedgwick. 
"  See  also  a  book  entitled,  Christ  made  Sin,  2  Cor. 
"  5.  21.  Evinced  from  Scripture,  upon  Occasion  of 
"  an  Exception  taken  at  Pimur'' s-hall^H  Jan.  1689, 
"  (U  reprinting  tfie  Sermons  of  Dr.  Tobias  C'ri&p, 
"  togemer  with  an  Epistle  to  tfie  Auditory  of  the  Ex- 
"  ception.  And  Dr.  Crisp's  own  Answer  to  an  Ex- 
*■'  ception  against  his  Assertion  of  Chrisfs  being  tlie 
"^rstGift  to  a  Believer  before  the  acting  of  Grace 
"  in  him.  Lond.  1691.  qu.  [Bodl.  C.  7.  3.  Line] 
"  Dr.  Tobias  Crisp's  picture*  is  before  it,  taken  27 
"  January  1642;  and  there  is  also  a  large  preface 
*'  to  it,  iiiscriljed  to  the  evangelical,  pious  and  judi- 
^'  cious  auditory  at  the  merchants  Sunday's  lecture 
"  at  Pinner's-hall,  London ;  at  the  end  of  it  'tis 
"  said,  that  Dr.  Tobias  Crisp  married  Mary,  daugh- 
"  ter  and  heiress  of  Rowland  Wilson  of  I>ondon, 
"  merchant ;  which  Mary  died  20  Sept.  1673,  whose 
^'  children  are, 

"  Rowland    \    /•     Edward 

"  Ellis  i  \      Rowland 

"  Samuel       \  I      Jane  \ 

"  Hester       J  \     [John]'        ^ 

"  This  book  was  published,  I  think,  by  one  of  Dr. 

"  Tobias  Crisp's  sons." 

[*^]  THOMAS  GODWIN,  second  son  of  Anthony 

Godwin  of  Wookey  in  Somersetshire,  and  he  the 
second  son  of  Will.  Goilwin  of  the  city  of  Wells, 
was  Ijom  in  that  county,  became  a  student  in  Magd. 
hall  in  the  V)eginning  of  the  year  1602,  and  in  that 
of  his  t^e  15.     Four  years  after  he  was  made  demy 
of  Magd.  coll.  where  following  the  studies  of  phi- 
lology and  the  tongues  with  unwearied  industry,  be- 
came at  length,  after  he  was  master  of  arts,  chief 
master  of  Abingdon  school  in  Berks.     Where,  by 
his  sedulous  endeavours,  were  many  educated,  that 
were  afterwards  eminent  in  the  church  and  state. 
In  die  year  1616,  being  then,  and  some  years  before, 
chaplain  to  Dr.  Montague  bishop  of  Bath  and  Wells, 
he  was  admitted  to  the  reading  of  the  sentences,  and 
in  1636  was  licensed  to  proceed  in  divinity.     Be- 
fore which  time,  he  being,  as  'twere,  broKen,  or 

"  [By  A.  S.  (Shcrwin^ :  taken  when  Ciispwas  4^J.^ 
»  [MS.  Wood  in  Ashmolc] 


wearietl  out,  with  the  drudgery  of  a  scIkk)!,  had  the 
rectory  of  Brightweil  near  Wallingford  in  Berks, 
confer'd  u]X)n  liim,  which  he  kept  to  his  dying  day. 
He  was  a  jx-rson  of  a  grave  and  reverend  aspect, 
was  a  grace  to  his  profession,  was  most  learncnl  also 
in  Latin,  Greek,  and  Hebrew  antiquity,  and  ad- 
mirably well  versed  in  all  those  matters  requisite  for 
the  acct)nij)lishnient  of  a  rector  of  an  acatlemy.  He 
hath  transmittetl  to  posterity, 

Ronmnce  Hi.itorice  Anthohgia.  An  English  Ex- 
position of  the  Roman  Antiquities,  wherein  many 
Roman  and  English  Offices  are  parallel'd,  and  di- 
vers obscure  Phrases  explained.  In  three  Books. 
Oxon.  1613,  [1628,  Bcxll.  4to.  G.  45.  Art.]  &c.  qu. 
Synop.sis  Antiquitatum  Hebraicarum  ad  Expli- 
cationem  ntriusque  Testamcnti  valde  necessaria,* 
&V.  Lib.  3.  Oxon.  1616.  [Bodl.  4U).  H.  22.  Th. 
Seld.]  &c.  qu.  Dedicated  to  Dr.  James  Montague 
bishop  of  Bath  and  Wells,  and  dean  of  his  majesty's 

Moses  and  Aaron,  Civil  and  Ecclesiastical  Rites, 
used  by  the  antient  Hebrews,  observed  ami  at  large 
opened,  for  the  clearing  of  many  obscure   Texts 
thi-mighmit  tlw  ivhole  Scripture,  in  six  Books. 
Printed  1625,  in  nu.« 

Florilegium  Phrastcon  ;  or,  a  Survey  of  the 
Latin  Tongue. — When  this  book  was  first  printed 
I  know  not,  for  I  do  not  remember  that  I  ever  yet 
have  seen  the  first  edition. 

Three  Arguments  to  prove  Election  upon  Fore- 
sight of  Faith which  coming  in  MS.  into  the 

hands  of  Twisse  of  Newbury  were  by  him  answered. 
Soon  after  that  answer  being  sent  to  our  author  God- 
win, he  made  a  reply,  which  was  confuted  by  the 
rejoinder  of  Twisse.  The  presbyterian'  writers  say 
that  tho'  Dr.  Gcxlwin  was  a  very  learned  man  in 
the  antiquities  of  the  Hebrews,  Greeks,  and  Latins, 
yet  he  was  fitter  to  instruct  grammarians,  than  deal 
with  logicians,  and  had  more  power  as  master  of  a 
school  at  Abingdon,  than  as  a  doctor  of  divinity. 
They  further  add  also  that  Twisse  did  by  his  writ- 
ings and  disputes  whip  this  old  school-master,  and 
wrested  that  ferula  out  of  his  hands  which  lie  had 
enough  used  with  pride,  and  expos'd  him  to  be  de- 
rided by  boys.  Dr.  Gotlwin,  after  he  had  for  some 
years  enjoyed  himself  in  great  repose,  in  requital  of 
his  many  labours,  surrendred  up  his  soul  to  God, 
20  March  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  two,  and     l64}. 

'  [ — ad  faciliorem  intelleclum  plurima  sunt  coUala  aim 
rel'Us  hodie  in  u$u:  authore  Thoma  Godwino  in  art.  magiilro. 
Oxonice,  E.vcudebal  Joseplms  Bariiesius,  l6l6,  4to.  The 
ep.  (let),  subscribed,  amplitudini  tuse  deditissimus  ac  dcvolissi- 
mus  sacellanus.     Dat.  Oxon.  prid.  idiis  Januar.  Kennet.I 

^  [The  third  edition  was  in  1028,  the  eighth  in  l67v;,  both 
in  4to.  It  was  translated  into  Latin  by  John  Henry  Rciziiis, 
of  which  the  fourth  edition  with  two  dissertations  by  Her- 
man Witsius,  De  Theocralia  Israetilarum,  el  de  Rechiibilis, 
was  printed  'rraj.  ad  Uhennm  1698,  in  8»o.] 

'  George  Kendal  in  Tuissi  Vila  St"  Fictorin,  &c.  and  Sam. 
Clarke  in  Wu  Lives  of  Eminent  Person},  &c.  printed  l683. 
fol.  p.  6. 







was  buried  in  tlie  chancel  bclongiiifr  U)  liis  church 
of  Ikiglitwell  iKjfore-nientionVl.  He  then  left  be- 
liind  hini  a  wii'e  nfunetl  Phili|>|>:i  Tesdale  of  Al)ing- 
don,  Mho  at  her  own  charjfe  caused  a  marble-stone 
to  be  laid  over  his  grave :  *  Tiie  inscription  on  which 
you  may  read  in  Hisi.  Si  Antiq.  Univ.  Oxon.  lib.  2. 
p.  201.  "a. 

"  THOMAS  WYNELL  son  of  a  father  of  both 
"  his  names,  sometimes  minister  of  Askorwell  in 
"  Dorsetshire,  was  born  in  that  county,  became  a 
*'  batJer  of  Brasen-nosc  coll.  in  the  month  of  May, 
"  an.  1622,  aged  21  years,  took  one  degree  in  arts, 
"  holy  orders,  and,  thro'  some  mean  employment, 
"  became  rector  of  Craneliam  near  to  tlie  city  of 
"  Gloucester,  where  I  find  him  in  164!2 ;  but  what 
"  became  of  him  when  the  rebeUion  broke  out  that 
"  year,  I  cannot  tell.  He  hath  written, 
[28]  "  Tlie  Covenants  Plea  for  Infants ;  or,  the  Co- 

"  venant  of  Free-Grace,  pleading  the  divine  Right 
"  of  ChriMian  Infants  unto  tlie  Seal  of  Iwly  Bap- 
"  ti,wi,  Oxon.  1642.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  S.  14.  Th.] 
*'  This  book,  which  is  dedic.  by  the  author  to  his  mo- 
*'  ther  the  university  of  Oxon,  is  the  sum  of  certain 
"  .sermons  preached  at  Craneliam  before-mentioned, 
«  on  Matth.  28.  18,  19,  20.  I  find  one  Thorn. 
"  Winnel,  M.  of  A.  to  be  vicar  of  Leek  in  StafFord- 
*'  shire,  in  the  time  of  Oliver,  and  author  of  Sus- 
"  pension  discussed ;  or,  Church  Members  Divine- 
"  Right  to  Christs  Table-Throtie  of  Grace  ex- 
"  amined  and  cleared,  &c.  Lond.  1657.  oct.  What 
*'  relation  there  was  between  this  Tho.  Winnel,  and 
*'  Tho.  Winnel  before-mention'd,  I  know  not." 

JAMES  MABBE  was  born  of  genteel  parents 
in  the  county  of  Surrey  and  diocese  of  Winchester, 
began  to  be  conversant  with  the  muses  in  Magd. 
coll.  in  Lent  term,  an.  158%  aged  16  years,  made 
demy  of  that  house  in  87,  peqietual  fellow  in  95, 
master  of  arts  in  98,  one  of  the  proctors  of  the  luii- 
versity  in  1606,  and  three  years  after  supplicated 
the  ven.  congregation  of  regents,  that  whereas  he 
had  studied  the  civil  law  for  six  years  together,  he 
might  have  the  favour  to  be  admitted  to  the  degree 
of  bach,  of  that  faculty ;  but  whether  he  was  really 
admitted,  it  appears  not.  At  length  he  was  taken 
into  the  service  of  sir  John  Digby  knight  (afterwards 
earl  of  Bristol)  and  was  by  him  made  his  secretary 
when  he  went  ambassador  into  Spain ;  where  re-^ 
maining  with  him  several  3ears,  improved  himself 
in  various  sorts  of  learning,  and  in  the  cu.stoms  and 
«  manners  of  that  and  other  countries.     After  his  re- 

*  [Depositiim  Thomo?  Godwyn  S.  T.  P.  riri  integi-rrimi, 
pietaie,  literatura,  morum  suavitate  spectabili'f,  roctoris  hiijns 
eccle^is  vig,ilantissimi ;  ciijus  merita  melius  posleris  traiis- 
miltent  scripta,  quam  marinor.  Hunc  lapidcm  uxor  ejus 
Philippa  Godwyn,  amoris  ergo  moercns  posuit.  Obiit  Mar. 
VO,  l642.  This  was  made  by  the  appoinlmciit  of  Mrs.  God- 
wyn, and  laid  in  Britwill  chancel  Apr.  2,  lC43,  by  Mr. 
.laclcson,  a  stone-cutler  in  Oxon.  who  had  for  it  8  lib.  MS' 
D.  Tho  Smith.    Baker.] 

turn  into  England,  he  was  made  one  cjf  the  lay.prv- 
iK-ndarim  of  the  cath.  ch.  of  Wells,  tx^ing  then  in 
orders,  was  estwmiil  a  learned  man,  go«xl  orator, 
and  a  facetious  conceitetl  wit.  He  hath  translated 
from  Spanish  into  English,  tinder  the  name  ni  Don 
Diego  Puede-Ser,  that  is,  James  vuty  be  [.JameH 
Mabbe]  (1)  The  Sixmish  Bawd,  rejtrenenttd  iu 
Celestina:  Or,  the  fragic  Comedy  of  Cul'uttt  and 
Melibea,  &c.  Ij<md.  IftJl.  fol.  (2)"T/i«  Rogue; 
or,  tlw  Life  of  Guzman  de  Alfaraclie.  Lond.  KiiM. 
fol.  3d  edit.  Written  in  Span,  by  Matth.  Aleniaa 
(3)  Devout  Contemplatimis  expressed  in  42  Ser- 
tnons  upon  all  the  Qundragesimal  Gospels.  Loiul. 
1629.  Ibl.  Originidly  written  by  Fr.  Ch.  de  Poiw 
seca.  (4)  The  Exemplanj  Nomls  qf  Mich,  de  Cer- 
vantes Saavcdra,  in  six  Books.  Lond.  1640.  fd. 
There  was  another  book  of  the  said  Cervantes  en- 
tit.  Delight  in  .leveral  Shapes,  &x;.  in  six  pleasant 
Histories.  Lond.  1654.  fol.  but  who  translated  tliot 
into  English  I  cannot  tell,  nor  tlie  name  of  him  that 
translated  his  Second  Part  of  the  History  of  Don 
Quixot.  Lond.  1620.  qu.*  As  for  our  translattir 
Mabbe,  he  was  living  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and 
two  at  Abbotsbury  in  Dorsetsliire  in  the  faniily  of 
sir  John  Strangewaies,  and  dying  about  that  tame, 
was  buried  in  the  church  beUniging  to  that  place,  as 
I  have  been  informetl  by  one  of  that  name  and  i'a- 
mily,  lately  fellow  of  Wadliam  college  in  Oxon. 

«  SAMUEL  STONE,  son  of  Will.  Stone  of 
"  Winbourne  Minster  in  Dorsetshire,  became  a  stu- 
"  dent  of  Mcrton  coll.  in  1638,  aged  17,  under  the 
"  tuition  of  Ralph  Button,  left  it  without  a  degree. 

"  One  Samuel  Stone  minister  of  Hartford  in  New- 
"  England,  publishetl  An  Examimition  of  Mr.  — — 
"  Hudsmi's  Vindication  of  the  Integrity  of  the  Cd- 
"  tholic  vlnble  Church,  &c.  Lond.  1642.  qu.  This 
"  Sam.  Stone  must  be  elder  in  time  than  Sam.  Stone 
"  l)efore-mentioned  of  Merton  college. 

"  There  was  also  one  Sam.  Stone  M.  of  arts, 
"  wlio  hath  pubUshetl,  A  Sermon  against  RebeUion, 
"  printed  1662." 

DAVID  PRIMEROSE,  second  son  of  Gilb. 
Primerose  a  Scot  and  D.  D.  mentioned  in  the  Fasti, 
an.  1624,  was  Ixirn  in  the  city  of  S.  Jean  d'Angely 
within  the  province  of  Xantoigne  in  France,  edu- 
cated in  philosophical  learning  in  the  university  of 
Bordeaux,  made  an  excursion  to  this  university  of 
Oxon  in  his  younger  years  for  tlie  sake  of  the  Bod- 
leian library,  and  conversation  of  Protestant  thcolo- 
gists,  returned  to  Bordeaux  where  he  proceeded 
master  of  arts,  and  visited  otlier  places  ot  learning. 

'  [The  translator  was  Thomas  Shelton,  who  printed  the 
first  part  separately,  4to.  Lond.  l6l2,  the  second  not  appear- 
ing till  1O2O.  From  the  Harhian  Calalogtit,  vol.  iii.  N". 
6396,  it  would  seem  that  both  parts  were  dated  in  l620,  but 
I  have  had  an  opportunity  of  consulting  the  very  copy  for- 
merly in  lord  Oxford's  possession,  which  wanted  the  first 
title-page,  and  had  that  to  the  second  part  placed  as  the  ge- 
uutal  title  to  both  volumes.] 











Afterwards  he  went  to  Oxon  a^n  to  improve  His 
knowktlge  and  studies  by  the  learning  anct  diK'trine 
of  Dr.  Prideaiix  tlie  king's  professor  of  divinity,  en- 
tretl  himself  a  sojourner  of  Exeter  coll.  in  ICSJii,  was 
incoqxirated  master  of  arts  in  the  latter  end  of  that 
vear,  and  soon  after  performed  the  exercise  for  the 
H^ee  of  bach,  of  divinity :  Which  iK'ing  done  to 
the  great  liking  of  all  the  auditory,  Prideaux  openly 
said  before  tliem  in  the  divinity  school,  thus,  '  Ac- 
cepimus  responsionem  tuani,  mi  fili,  tanquam  adven- 
tantis  Veris  gratissimam  primam  rosani.'' 

Our  author  Primerose  hath  written, 

Theses  Theologkce  de  Peccato  in  Genere  Sf  Spe- 
ck. Genev.  1620.  qu.    [Bodl.  BB.  38.  Th.] 

Thes.  Theol.  de  Necessitate  Satisfactionis  pro 
Peccatis  per  Christum.  Salmur.  1620.  qu.  [Bodl. 
BB.  38.  Th.] 

Disputatio  Thcologica  de  divina  Predestinntione, 
&i  annexis  Articulis ;  Amplitudine  Mortis  Christi, 
Vi  Sf  E^fficacia  Gratia  Dei,  &i  Usu  liberi  Arbitrii 
in  Conversionis  Negotio,  &c.  Bas.  1621.  [BodJ. 
BB.  38.  Th.] 

Treatise  of  the  Sabbath,  and  the  Lord''s-Dau,  the 
Nature  aiidtlie  Original  of  both. — sprinted  1636.  (^u.« 
with  other  things  ^viiich  I  have  not  yet  seen.  After 
he  liad  left  Oxon.  he  retired  into  France,  and  be- 
came minister  of  the  Protestant  church  at  Roan  in 
Normandy,  where  I  find  him  in  sixteen  hundred 
forty  and  two.  How  long  afterwards  he  lived,  or 
when,  or  where,  he  died,  I  know  not,  nor  can  I  yet 
learn  of  any  person,  tho'  many  that  have  been  in 
those  jiarts  have  told  me  that  he  was  esteemed  one 
of  the  learnedest  reformed  divines  in  France. 

"  AARON  STREATER,  .son  of  John  Streater 
"  of  Lewis  in  Sussex,  became  a  batler  or  commoner 
"  of  S  Alb.  hall  in  1626,  aged  16  years,  left  it  with- 
"  out  a  degree,  entred  into  holy  orders,  and  being  a 
*'  fantastical  jierson  studied  physic,  and  pretended 
"  to  Ix;  a  licensed  physician  of  Oxon,  tho'  it  doth 
"  not  in  the  least  appear  so  from  the  registers.  He 
"  hath  written, 

"  Of  an  Ague  and  the  curing  thereof,  whether 
"  Quotidian,  Tertian,  or  Quartan,  &c.  printed 
«  1641. 

"  Letter  sent  to  the  Lord-Mayor  and  his  vene- 
"  rable  Brethren,  by  no  Atheist,  no  Papist,  &.c. 
"  Lond.  1642,  in  one  sh.  in  qu. 

"  There  was  one  John  Streater  comptroller  of  the 
"  ordinance,  who  published  A  Letter  to  his  Excel- 
"  lency  the  Lord  Fleetwood.  Lond.  1659,  in  half  a 
«  sheet."     [Bodl.  C.  13.  6.  Line] 

THOMAS  SALESBURY,  [or  rather  Salus- 
BCKy]'  son  and  heir  of  sir  Hen.  Salesbury  bart.  was 

*  [Crawfurd,  in  ihc  Peerage  of  Scotland,  Edinh.  I7lt>, 
page  408,  s.-iys  that  he  had  seen  it  in  the  lil)rary  of  the  e.irl 
of  Roscbcrry,  and  that  it  was  |irinicd  in  lOaii,  and  intituled 
A  Treatise  o/the  Sahbatli,  and  of  /he  Lord's  Day.'] 

'  fin  the  dedication  to  his  poem  of  Joseph,  he  signs  him- 
itAiSalushury,  and  he  is  addressed  by  the  same  iiaiuej  spelled 

born  of  an  antient  and  genteel  family  of  his  name 
living  at  Leweni  near  Denbigh  in  Denbigiishire,  be- 
came a  gentleman  com.  of  Jesus  coll.  about  the  be- 
ginning of  the  reign  of  K.  Ch.  I.  but  taking  no  de- 
gree, he  retired  (after  he  had  seen  the  vanities  of 
the  great  city)  to  his  jKitrimony  ;  and  having  a  na- 
tural geny  to  jxjetry  and  romance,  exercised  him- 
self much  in  those  juvenile  studies,  and  at  length  be- 
came a  most  noted  poet  of  his  time,  as  it  partly  ap- 
pears in  tliis  book  following,  which  he  wrote  and  puD- 
lished : 

The  History  of  Joseph.  Lond.  163  — printed 
in  English  verse  m  13  c-napters,  and  all  contained  in 
about  16  sheets*  in  quarto.  Daniel  Cudniore  gent, 
did  also  exercise  his  muse  on  the  same  subject  some 
years  after :  '  And  in  prose,  that  liistory  is  WTitten 
by  several  persons  in  divers  languages,  especially  in 
that  of  the  French,  which  being  translated  into  Eng- 
lish by  sir  Will.  Lower  a  Cornish  knight,  was  print- 
ed at  London  1655,  oct.'  This  sir  William,  who 
was  a  noted  poet,  was  son  of  John  Lower  of  Tre- 
mere,  a  younger  son  of  sir  Will.  Lower  of  St.  Win- 
now in  Cornwal,  and  died  at  London  about  the  be- 
^nning  of  the  year  1662,  but  where  buried,  unless 

in  the  same  manner,  by  all  his  commendatory  friends,  so 
that  Wood's  observation  at  the  close  of  the  article  might  have 
been  spared,  for  though  sir  Thomas  Salusbury,  and  Thomas 
Salusbury  the  mathematician  were  different  persons,  yet  they 
both  agreed  in  the  mode  of  spelling  their  names.] 

*  [The  copy  I  have  seen  contains  a,  b,  and  one  leaf  only 
in  c  :  and  then  from  A  to  N  in  fours  and  two  leaves  in  O.l 

9  [In  the  British  Museum  is  a  volume  of  sacred  poems  by 
this  author,  Lond.  l655.  12mo.] 

'  [During  the  he4.l  of  the  civil  wars  Lower  took  refuge  in 

He  translated  from  Ceriziers  1.  The  Innocent  Lady,  or  the 
Illuslrious  Innocence.  Lond.  1 054.  8vo.  (Bodl.  8vo.  C.  24, 
Art.  HS.)  with  a  rare  frontispiece  by  T.  Crosse. 

S.  The  Innocent  Lord;  or  the  Divine  Providence  '  leing 
the  incomparable  History  of  Joseph.  Lond.  l655.  (In  the 
British  Museum.) 

3.  The  triumphant  Lady,  or  the  Crowned  Innocence.  Lond. 
I6'u6.  8vo.  (Bodl.  8vo.  VV.  l6.  Art.  BS.)  with  a  very  neat 
frontispiece  by  Gaywood.  And  he  promised  another  The 
Pleasures  oj"  the  Ladies,  which  1  have  not  met  with  in  any 

Lower's  dramatic  pieces  were 

1.  The  Phanixin  her  Flames.  Lond.  16-19. 

2.  Polyeuctes,  or  the  Martyr.  Lond.  1635.  (Bodl.  4to. 
P.  3.  Art.  BS.) 

3.  Horatius.  Lond.  l656.  4to,  (Bodl.  4lo.  P,3.  Art.BS.) 

4.  The  enchanted  Lovers,  a  pastoral.  Lond.  l658. 

5.  Nolle  Ingratitude.  Lond.  1659. 

6.  Amorous  Fantasme.  Lond.  1 660. 

7.  The  Three  Dorothies,  not  printed. 

8.  Don  Japhet  of  Armenia,  not  printed. 

Some  of  his  plays  were  collected  and  printed  in  166I. 

Lower's  most  magnificent  production  was  his  Relation  in 
Form  of  a  Journal  of  the  Voyage  and  Residence  which  the 
most  excellent  and  most  mighty  Prince  Charles  the  II.  King 
of  Great  Britain,  !sfc.  I/ath  made  in  Holland,  from  the  2.5 
of  May,  to  the  2  of  June,  1 660.  Rendered  into  English  out 
of  the  original  French,  By  Sir  ly'illiam  Lower,  Knighl. 
Hague,  Printed  hy  Adrian  Vlack,  Anno  I660.  with  Privi- 
ledge  of  the  Estates  of  Holland  and  IVesl-Freesland.  folio, 
with  a  portrait  of  Charles  and  several  large  folding  plates  by 
T.  Matham.  Botll.  B.  6.  3.  An.J 



in  the  parisli  duirch  of  S.  C'lenifnts  Danes  witliiii 
the  liberty  of  Westminster,  where  his  uncle  Tho. 
Lower  esq;  (to  whom  lie  was  lieir)  was  buried  21 
Mar.  16()(),  after  lie  hiul  lain  ileaxl  since  the  5tli  of 
Feb.  going  before,  I  know  not.  What  other  things 
our  author  Salesbury  hath  written  and  publishwl,  I 
cannot  tell,  nor  any  thing  else  of  him,  only  that  he, 
as  formerly  a  nieniher  of  Jesus  coll.  was  among  seve- 
ral wrsons  of  quality  actually  createtl  dcK-tor  of  the 
civil  law  of  this  university  in  the  year  1642,  he  Ix-ing 
then  a  baronet ;  and  that  departing  this  mortal  life 
in  the  sinnmer  time  (before  the  month  of  August) 
1643.  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  three,  (at  which  time 
[*']  he  left  behind  him  a  widow  named  Hester)  was,  as  I 
suppose,  buried  in  the  vault  in  Whitchurch  joining 
to  Leweni  before-mentioned,  near  to  the  Ixxly  of  his 
father  sir  Henry,  who  died  2  Aug.  1632.  The 
reader  is  to  know,  that  there  hath  been  one  Tho. 
Salusbury,  wlio  translated  into  English,  The  learn- 
ed Man  lie/ended  and  reformed,  Sec.  Lond.  1660. 
Oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  C.  349.  Line]  written  originally 
in  the  Italian  tongue  by  Dan.  Bartohis  a  learned 
Jesuit ;  as  also  Mathematical  Collections  J^rom  Gal. 
Galilcei,^  &c.  but  his  sirname  differing  in  one  letter 

'  [^The  Sysleme  of  the  World,  in  four  Dialogues,  wherein 
the  two  grand  Systemes  vfPtolotny  and  Copernicus  are  largely 
discoursed  of:  And  the  Reasons,  both  phy  losophical  and  phy- 
sical as  well  on  the  one  side  as  the  other,  impartially  and  inde- 
finitely propounded :  By  Galiteus  Galileus  Zinceus,  a  gentle- 
man of  Florence :  extraordinary  Profestor  of  the  Malliema- 
ticksin  the  University  of  Pisa;  and  chief  Mathematician  to 
the  Grand  Duke  of  Tuscany.  Inglished  from  the  original 
Italian  Copy  by  'J'tiomas  Salusbury.  London.  Primed  by 
William  Levhotirne,  \&}\.  folio,  (led.  to  sir  John  Denham, 
knight  of  the  Bath,  and  surveyor  general  of  his  majes.  works. 
The  translator  in  his  address  to  the  reader  mentions  that  his 
losses  during  the  civil  wars,  and  his  contributions  to  the  ne- 
cessities of  his  sovereign,  had  so  drained  his  purse,  that  the 
great  work  he  had  undertaken  proved  beyond  his  individual 
means,  and  he  acknowledges  assistance  from  Dr.  Thomas 
Barlow,  provost  of  Queen's  college,  major  Miles  Symncr, 
and  Mr.  Robert  Wood,  of  Trinity  college,  Dublin,  able  ma- 
thematicians and  his  real  friends.  He  promises  a  continua- 
tion of  his  collections,  which  however,  1  fancy,  never  ap- 

His  other  translation  from  Bartnlus  is  a  rare  and  very  sin- 
gular volume.  The  Bodleian  copy  is  that  presented  by  the 
author,  and  has  his  signature  to  the  notice  of  some  other 
productions  from  his  pen  not  generally  known : 

The  learned  Man  defended  and  reformed.  A  Discourse  of 
singular  Politeness,  and  Ml  cutiun;  seasonably  asserting  the 
Right  of  the  Muses ;  in  Opposition  to  the  many  Enemies 
which  in  this  Age  Learning  meets  with,  and  more  especially 
those  two  Ignorance  and  Vice.  In  two  Parts.  Written  in 
Italian  by  the  happy  Pen  nf  P.  Daniel  Bartolus  S.  J. 
Lond.  Printed  by  R.  &  W.  Leybourn,  l06o,  8vo.  Prefixed 
is  a  curious  frontispiece,  with  the  arms  of  Salusbury  quarter- 
ed with  those  nf  Clement.  Salusbury  dedicates  it  to  general 
Monke  and  William  Prynne,  the  one  he  terms  Hercules  An- 
glorum,  the  other  Alcides  Literarum. — In  this  volume  is  an 
announcement  of  two  other  works  by  the  translator,  which 
1  have  not  yet  met  with. 

1 .  The  Secretary,  in  four  Parts.  1 .  The  History  of  Let- 
ters, their  original  Progresse,  and  Perfection.  2.  The  Art 
of  Writing  all  the  known  Characters  of  Ancient  and  Modern 
Use,  reduced  to  Mathematical  Proportions  and  Demonstra- 
tions.    3.  Twenty  seven  Species  of  occult  Writing  called 

from  Salesbury,  he  must  not  l)e  taken  to  be  tlie 
.same  witli  sir  Thomas  iK'fbre-mentionetl,  who  was 
in  tinte  JK-fore  him,  and  an  active  man  in  the  king'* 
catise  in  the  iK-ginning  of  the  relR-llion  1()42,  for 
which,  though  he  died  soon  after,  liis  family  not- 
withstiinding  suffered  for  it. 

[The  only  cojjy  of  sir  Thomas  Salusbury's  very 
rare  jx)em  I  have  ever  seen  or  heard  of  is  m  Jesus 
college  library,  Oxford,  '  ex  dono  Joannis  Salus- 
bury de  Bachegraig  in  comitatu  Flint,  1656.'  It 
wants  the  title-page,  so  that  I  am  unable  to  fill  up 
the  exact  date,  omitted  by  Wood. 

Salusbury  dedicates  it  to  his  grandmother,  the 
lady  Middleton,  late  wife  to  sir  Thoma.s  Middlcton, 
knight  and  alderman,  sometimes  mayor  of  London, 
in  requital  for  her  care  and  tenderness  towards  him 
in  his  youth.  The  book  is  ushered  in  with  com- 
mendatory verses  by  T.  Bayly,  Jo.  Salusbury,  sen. 
Jo.  Salusbiu"y,  jun.  D.  LL.  and  T.  LL.  (probably 
David  and  Thomas  Lloyd)  and  E.  M.  (jicrhap 
Edw.  Michelbourne  of  Gloticester  hall.)  The  reader 
may  not  object  to  an  extract  from  this  scarce  volume; 
it  IS  taken  from  the  fourth  chapter,  intitled  the 
Courtier,  the  subject  being  Joseph's  release  from 

Thus  Joseph's  rais'd  unto  the  height  of  powrc, 
In  shorter  space  then  the  (juick  springing  flowre 
That  asks  but  one  night's  growth,  he  that  of  late 
Wayl'tl  in  a  dungeon,  fils  a  chair  of  state. 
Oh !   what  a  bounteous  king  foimd  he  to  do  it ! 
Nay,  what  a  bounteous  God  that  inov'd  him  to  it ! 
Then  think  on  Joseph's  case  what  ere  thou  be, 
Despair  not — ar't  in  prison  ?  so  was  he — 
Perhaps  thou'lt  say,  thou  no  skill  in  dreams, 
No  revelations :— Gtxl  hath  other  means : 
Doubt  not  his  jxjwer  nor  providence,  he  can 
That  hath  createtl  all,  sure  help  a  man 
More  wayes  than  one  ?     Dost  thou  complain  th'art 

And  sufFer'st  want  ?  Job  surely  sufTred  more. 
Doe  crosses  vexe  thee .''  or  affliction's  rod 
Torment  thy  soule  ?  have  patience  still  in  God. 
Wayt  on,  pray  on,  trust  in  him,  oiiely  he 
Can  cure,  and,  and  ease  thy  malady. 
Dost  strive  with  strong  temptations  ?  to  him  then, 
God  cast  seven  devils  out  of  Magdalen  ! 
Art  sicke  or  sinful  ?  prayr  a  cure  did  winne 
For  Hezekiah's  sore  and  David's  sinne. 
Perchance  th'ast  trusted,  praid,  and  waited  long, 
Looke  back  to  Joseph,  he  was  sure  but  young 
When  first  he  ta.sted  sorrow,  vext  between 
Bondage,  lust,  prisons,  and  his  brethren's  spleene 

Cypher,  touching  also  on  the  Exposition  of  the  Egyptian  Hie- 
rnglyphicks.  4.  Advertisement  Grammatical,  Rhetorical, 
Moral,  and  Polytical,  necessary  for  an  Accumplitlted  Secrt- 

2.  Count  Gualdo  Priorati,  his  Excellent  History  of  the 
Regency  of  the  Present  Queen  Mother  of  France ;  giving  an 
Accompt  of  all  the  memorable  Actions  (^France,  England, 
iSfc.from  1 647,  to  l65C.] 




Ev""!!  fnmi  his  vory  cradk',  yet  lie  stav'd. 
He  waited  linia;  witli  patience,  long  he  prav'd 
Ere  cwmfbrt  came ;         •         *         •  V>^  44J. 

The  following  «)mparison  of  the  hiishandmcn 
chiring  the  seven  years  of  plenty  to  the  industrious 
inmates  of  a  iK-e-hive,  is  {lerhajis  tlie  liest  jwssage  in 
the  book — page  44. 

Metliinks  I  see  them,  like  the  busie  swanne 
AVlien  their  eonnnander  lumis  and  gives  th'alarme. 
They  issue  forth,  and  their  disj)ersed  powTc 
Coasts  every  field,  and  light  on  every  nowre 
To  make  their  sweet  extractions,  an^  they  strive 
^Vho  shall  unlade  him  oftncst  at  the  hive : 
They  fill  their  bags,  and  gladly  homewards  flye 
With  pleasant  burdens  in  their  painfull  thigh. 
Onely  tliis  difFrence  makes  'twixt  diem  and  these, 
The  gatherers  went  not  murmuring  as  the  bees, 
But  with  their  silent  paces  ail  along 
They  trudge  like  ants,  a  people  wise  not  strong. 
Preventing  want  in  plenty,  with  their  paine ; 
So  each  of  these  came  laden  home  with  grainc. 
They  gleand  apace,  whilst  com  like  siids  they  found 
And  stor'd  the  cities  fro  the  neighbouring  ground. 
Th'y  have  gathered  much,  the  granaries  are  fifd 
With  all  th'  abundance  which  the  land  doth  yeeld.'— 

A  Thomas  Salisbury,  a  M.  A.  of  Cambridge,  ac 
cording  to  a  writer  in  the  Censura  Literar'ia,  vol.  2. 
page  357,  second  edit,  wrote  annmendatory  verses 
to  Mischiefs  Mysterie,  Lond.  1617.] 

«  JOHN  HAMDEX,  son  of  a  father  of  both  his 
"  names,  by  Elizabeth  his  wife,  sister  to  sir  Oliver 
"  Cromwell  of  Hinchinbroke  in  Huntingdonshire 
"  knight  of  the  Bath,  was  bom'  in  London,  but 
"  descended  from  an  antient  and  genteel  family 
"  living  at  Hamden  in  Buckinghamshire,  became  a 
"  commoner  of  Magd.  coll.  in  the  year  1609,  aged 
"  15  years,  but  leaving  the  university  without  a  de- 
"  gree,  he  went  to  the  inns  of  court,  where  he  made 
"  considerable  proficiency  in  the  municif)al  law.  At 
"  riper  years  he  receded  to  his  patrimony,  and  was 
"  usually  chosen  (after  he  had  ser\'ed  in  diat  pai- 
"  liament  which  l)egan  at  Westminster  5  Feb.  1 625) 
"  a  parliament  man  for  tlie  succeeding  parliaments 
"  during  the  reign  of  king  Charles  I.  in  which  being 
"  noted  for  his  activity  and  parts,  became  with  Pym, 
"  Strode,  &c.  parliament  orivcrs,  or  swayers  in  all 
the  jjarliaments  wherein  they  sate.  And  Hamden 
being  a  person  of  antimonarchical  principles,  he 
did  not  only  ride,  for  several  years  before  the 
grand  rel)elhon  broke  out,  into  Scotland,  to  keep 
consults  with  the  covenanting  brethren  there,  but 
kept  his  circuits  to  several  puritanical  houses  in 
England,  particularly  to  that  of  *  Knighdey  in 
Northamptonshire,'  and  also  to  that  of  Will,  lord 

'  Lih.  Mttlric.  Vniv.  Oxon.  P.  page  104. 

*  See  in  a  b<X)k  emit.  Perseculio  undecima  :  or,  the 
Ckurchei  eleventh  Periecution,  &c.— printed  l648.  in  qu. 
cbap.  7. 

»  [He  married  Sarah,  second  daughter  of  Thomas  Foley, 

"  Say  at  Broughton  near  Banbury  in  Oxfordshire ; 
"  where,  as  at  ollu-r  places,  the  meeting  of  the  bre- 
"  thren  being  nmiienuis,  they  hud  their  council-ta- 
"  bles,  &c.     See  more  in  Will.  Fiennes  lord  Say. 
"  In  1637,  he  the  said  Jo.  Hamden  refu.sed  to  pay 
"  the  tax  laid  u]X)n  him,  towards  the  finding  a  sliip 
"  of  such  or  such  tuns  at  sea :   And  his  case  being 
"  argued  in  the  Exchequer-chamber  in  December 
"  the  .same  year,  by  Oliver  St.  John  of  LincohiV 
"  inn ;  Hamden  thereujKJU  was  esteemed  the  Go- 
"  liah  of  the  puritanictd  and  factious  party,  aiKl  St. 
"  John  to  be  remarkable  for  his  intricate  knowledge 
"  in  the  law.     In  the  beginning  of  the  long  par- 
"  liament,  which  began  S  Nov.  1640,  he  was  ap- 
"  pointed  one  of  the  committee  to  prepare  a  charge 
"  against  die  most  noble  Thomas  earl  of  Strafford, 
"  and  soon  after  one  of  the  managers  of  the  evi- 
"  dence  against  him.     On  the  8d  of  Jan.  1641,  hi.i 
"  majesty  exhibited   articles  agaiast  Edward  lord 
"  Kimbolton  (afterwards  earl  of  Manchester)  and 
"  five  members  of  die  house  of  commons,  of  wliich 
"  Hamden  was  one,  for  endeavouring  to  subvert 
"  the  fundamental   laws   and   government  of  this 
"  kingdom,  and  to  deprive  his  majesty  of  his  regal 
"  power,  &c.     Of  which  matter  Haniden  (after  he 
"  had  avoided  the  parliament-house  the  next  day  to 
"  prevent  a  seisure  on  his  perstm)  endeavoured  to 
"  frcH;  himself  soon  after  in  a  set  speech.     Afler- 
"  wards  he  was  appointed  one  of  the  committee  to 
"  expedite  the  charge  against  Dr.  Will.  Laud  arch- 
"  bishop  of  Canterbury,  and  alM)ut  that  time  took 
"  a  commission  from  the  parliament  to  be  colonel  of 
"  a  regiment  of  horse  in  the  araiy  that  was  raised 
"  to  fight  against  the  king,  under  the  command  of 
"  Roliert  earl  of  Essex  the  general ;  in  which  army 
"  he  openly  apjpeared,  and  did  good  .service  for  the 
"  cause  at  the  battle  of  Keynton  alias  Edgliill.     In 
"  the  beginning  of  1643,  he  being  by  that  time 
"  grown  wonderful  popular,  it  was  noised  about  the 
"  great  city  that  the  said  earl  of  Essex  was  to  leave 
"  his  place  of  general,  and  Hamden,  as  a  man  more 
"  active,  was  to  succeed  him,  being  a  person  esteem- 
"  ed  by  the  brethren  of  great  natural  abihties,  and 
"  affection  to  public  liberty,  much  beloved  by  his 
"  country,  feared  by  his  enemies,  valiant  in  his  ac- 
*'  tions,  and  faithful  in  his  end  to  promote  truth  and 
"  peace,  &c.  a  gallant  and  virtuous  saint,  a  noble  pa. 
"  triot  and  defender  of  the  rights  and  liberties  of  the 
"  English  nation,  &e.underwhosenanie  were  printed, 
"  Several  Speeches,  as  (1)  Speech  concerning  the 
"  Accusation  of  High-Treasmi  prefcrW  by  his  Ma- 
'"''jesty  against  him  the  said  Joh.  Hamden,  Ed. 
"  Lord  Kimbolton,  Joh.   Pym,    Will.  Strode,  and 
"  Denzil  HoUis,  &c.  Lond.  1641,  in  one  sheet  in 
"  qu.     The  beginning  of  which  is,  '  Mr.  Speaker, 
"  It  is  a  true  saying  of  the  wise-man,  &c.«  with 

esq.  great  grandfather  of  the  first  lord  Foley,  and  widow  of 
Essex  Knightlcy,  esq.  of  Fawcslcy,  Northamptonshire.] 

"  [This  speech  is  printed  in  full  in  the  Biographia  Bti- 
tanntca,  vol.  iv.  p.  3530,  note.] 





others  in  the  management  of  the  evidence  against 
Strafford;  in  all  which  he  s|M)ke  rationally  and 
subtilly,  and  in  others  projxised  more  doubts  than 
he  resolv'd.  There  was  a  sheet  of  pxitry  printed 
in  waggery,  and  fathered  on  this  Mr.  Hamdeii, 
entitled  Mr.  Ham(h-7i's  Speech  occasioned  upon 
the  Lond(mer''s  Petition  for  Peace.  At  length 
this  active  and  forward  person  received  his  mortal 
woimd  (on  Sunday  June  18.)  in  Chalgrove  field 
in  Oxfordshire  (l)eing  the  very  place  where  he 
first  mustcretl  and  drew  up  men  m  arms,  to  put 
in  execution  the  rebellious  ordinance  for  the  mi- 
litia) by  certain  of  his  majesty's  forces  command- 
ed by  prince  llujXTt.  Whereupon  being  carried 
off  to  Thame,  expired  on  the  24th  of  the  same 
month,  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  three,  and 
was  buried  in  the  church  of  Great  Hamden  in 
Bucks;  where,  according  to  his  will,  he  desired 
that  a  stone  should  be  laid  over  his  grave,  and 
thereon  to  be  engraven  the  jwrtraiture  of  him,  his 
wife  and  ten  children.'  His  loss  was  much  la- 
mented by  the  reliellious  party,  because  as  they 
said,  the  taking  of  that  wise  statesman  (Hamden) 
away,  was  the  great  weakning  of  the  martial  af- 
fairs, parliamentary  affairs,  and  churcli  affairs,  &c. 
Mr.  llichard  Baxter  sfxin  after  did  translate  the 
soul  of  him  and  of  John  Pym  into  heaven,  in  his 
Saints  everla-Hinff  Rest,  and  others  of  his  opinion 
made  elegies  on  him,  declaring  to  the  world  his 
great  worth,  and  loss ;  yet  the  cavalier  still  said, 
and  all  knowing  and  impartial  men  held  it  for  an 
imdeniable  truth,  that  he  was  one  of  the  chief  in- 
cendiaries of  the  rebellion,  &c.  That  he  was  the 
very  person  who  advised  his  kinsman  01.  Crom- 
well (afterwards  lord  protector)  to  oppose  the  jus- 
tice and  lionour  of  his  majestv''s  cause,  with  an 
affecte<l  zeal  of  conscience  and  pure  religion,  as 
tlie  said  Cromwell  did  several  times  confess  to  his 
friends  and  relations.  His  eldest  son  named  Rich. 
Hamden  was  etlucated  in  his  father's  principles, 
became,  when  young,  one  of  the  five  knights  for 
Buckinghamshire  to  ser\e  in  that  parliament  call- 
ed by  Oliver  lord  protector,  to  meet  at  Westmin- 
ster 17  Sept.  lft)6;  about  which  time  the  said 
Oliver  creating  threescore  lords  together,  to  sit  in 
the  other  house,  added  to  them  Will.  Lenthall 
master  of  the  Rolls,  and  this  Rich.  Hamden  his 
kinsman  ;  all  which  making  up  the  number  of  62, 
Hamden  became  junior  to  them  all.  Upon,  and 
after  the  return  of  K.  Charles  II.  he  was  con- 
stantly elected  to  serve  in  all  parliaments,  as  also 
in  that  in  the  beginning  of  K.  James  II.  and  in 
those  of  K.  Will.  III.  and  Q.  Mary.  In  the  be- 
ginning of  April  1689  he  was,  by  the  favour  of 
their  said  majesties,  made  one  of  the  lords  com- 

'  [Of  Hampden  it  is  not  yet  known  that  any  authentic 
portrait  exists.  In  Peck's  Life  nf  Milton  is  a  head  by  Au- 
dran,  and  there  is  another  by  Houbrakcn  in  the  lUastrious 
Heads,  but  neither  of  these  are,  it  would  seem,  j;enuiue.  See 
Granger's //m/.  of  England,  ii.  212.] 

"  missioners  of  the  Treasury,  and  alwjut  the  middle 
"  of  Nov.  ICiX)  chancellor  of  the  Exchetiuer,  (in 
"  the  j)lace  of  Henry  lord  Delamere)  and  about  the 
"  same  time  one  of  the  jirivy  council.  This  11.  Ham> 
"  den  is  father  to  Joh.  Hamden,  who  was  one  of  the 
"  knights  of  Buckinghamshire  to  serve  in  that  par- 
"  liament  which  Iwgan  on  the  ITtli  of  Oct.  1679, 
"  and  one  of  the  burgesses  for  Wendover  in  the  said 
"  county,  to  serve  in  the  Oxfortl  parliament,  which 
"  began  21  March  1680 ;  but  this  person  afterwards 
"  renewing  and  continuing  the  hereditary  malignity 
"  of  his  house  a^inst  the  royal  family,  entrea  into 
"  a  conspiracy  with  others  to  disturb  the  peace  of 
"  the  king,  and  to  stir  up  .sedition  in  this  kingdom. 
"  For  which  being  tried  in  the  court  of  the  KingV 
"  Bench  holden  in  Westminster-hall,  6  Feb.  1683, 
"  was  fined  forty  thousand  pounds  to  be  paid  to  the 
"  king.  Afterwards  entring  upon  another  conspi- 
"  racy,  to  take  away  the  king's  life  and  to  raise  a  re- 
"  belliou  in  the  kingdom,  he  was  brought  to  his 
"  tryal  at  the  sessions  in  the  Old  Baily  in  Lon- 
"  don,  30  Dec.  1685 ;  where  acknowledging  himself 
"  guilty,  was  condemn'd  to  l)e  liang'd ;  but  tlien 
"  craving  the  king's  mercy,  and  his  friends  suppli- 
"  eating  for  his  lite,  he  was  saved." 

"  JOHN  SPELMAN  the  youngest  son  of  the 
"  learned  sir  Hen.  Sjielman  knt.  was  bom  of,  and 
"  descended  from,  an  antient  and  genteel  family  in 
"  Norfolk,  received  his  academical  education  in 
"  Cambridge,  but  improv'd  it  much  afterwards 
"  (while  he  was  a  sojourner  in  Oxon)  in  the  Bod- 
"  leian  Vatican,  and  by  conversati<m  with  learned 
"  men  there.  On  the  18th  of  Dec.  1641  he  received 
"  the  honour  of  knighthood  irom  his  majesty  at 
"  Whitehall,  and  soon  after  following  him,  when  by 
"  tumults  he  was  forcied  from  Westminster,  he  re- 
"  tired  to  Oxon,  settled  in  Brasen-nose  colJ.  and  foU 
"  lowed  his  studies  there  to  the  time  of  his  death, 
"  which  shortly  after  followed.  He  hath  written 
"  and  published, 

"  A  Vieza  of  a  printed  Book  entit.  Observations 
"  upon  his  Majestus  late  Answers  and  Expresses. 
"  Oxon.  1642,  in  6  sh.  in  qu.  His  name  tho'  not 
"  set  to  it,  yet  Dr.  Th.  Barlow  who  had  received  a 
"  copy  from  him,  when  finished,  told  me  it  was  of 
"  his  composition.* 

"  The  Case  of  our  Affairs,  in  Law,  Religion, 
"  and  other  Circumstances,  hriefly  examined,  and 

"  presented  to  the  Conscience printed  in  1643, 

"  m  5  sh.  in  qu.    [Bodl.  C.  14.  4.  Line]     So  Dr. 
"  Barlow  as  before. 

"  The  Life  ofK.  Alfred  the  Great,  King  ofEng- 
"  land — MS.  in  3  Books.    This  was  tran^ated  into 

'  [Bishop  Barlow's  copy  is  now  in  the  Bodleian,  C.  14.  2. 
Line.  Dr.  Barlow  has  written  on  the  title — '  By  S'  John 
Spelnian,  sonne  of  S'  Henry  Spelman  ToiT  ^ivt/ x«ti  lunxaaiTov.' 
The  commencement  of  the  tract  is  '  I  have  read  of  the  citi- 
zens of  Abdera,'  &c.  1  notice  this,  in  order  to  distinguish 
it  from  the  work  by  Digces,  inenlioiisd  in  the  next  article, 
with  a  tillc  almost  Hinilar/] 





"  Latin  by  die  care  of  OIkicI.  Walker  master  of  the 
"  Univ.  coll.'  who  put  large  and  learned  notes 
*'  thereon,  and  illustrated  it  with  many  cuts — ()xon. 
"  1678,  fol.  [B<kU.  a.  3.  12.  Art.]  Sir  John  Spel- 
"  man  also  did  pubhsh  Psaltcrlum  Davidift  Latino- 
"  Sajcon'inim  X'ctiis.  Loud.  1G40.  qu.  from  an  old 
"  exemplar  foimd  in  his  father's  library,'  and  col- 
"  lated  with  three  copies,  one  in  Cambridge  library, 
"  another  in  Trin.  coll.  there,  and  a  third  in  Arun- 
"  dell  library,  or  in  the  library  of  the  carl  of  Arun- 
"  dell  sometimes  in  Arundcll-house  without  Tem- 
"  pie-bar,  in  tlie  parish  of  S.  Clement-Danes  within 
"  the  liberty  of  Westminster.  This  learned  knight 
"  sir  Jo.  Spehnan  died  in  Brasen-nose  coll.  of  the 
"  camp  disease,  on  the  24th  of  July  or  thereabouts, 
*'  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  three,  and  was  bu- 
"  ried  on  the  26th  day  of  the  same  month  in  the 
"  church  of  S.  Mary  the  Virgin  within  the  univer- 
"  sity  of  Oxon,  leaving  then  this  character  behind 
"  him  among  learned  men,  that  he  was  '  Vir  acer- 
"  rimi  judicii,  corruptissimi  ingenii,  &  probatissimse 
"  morum  suavitatis,'  &c. 

[Wood,  or  the  transcriber  from  Wood's  papers, 
errs  greatly  in  stating  sir  John  Spelman  to  be  the 
youngest  son  of  his  learned  father,  whereas  in  fact 
he  was  the  eldest. 

The  original  MS.  of  Spelman's  Life  of  King  Al- 
fred is  in  the  Bodleian  Ubrary,  (M.  E  Museo  75) 
whence  it  was  published,  very  faithfully,  by  the 
learned  Thomas  Heame,  Oxford,  1709,  8vo.     The 

Iiublisher  in  his  advertisement  tells  us,  that  it  was 
lis  original  intention  to  have  reprinted  the  two 
tracts  above  mentioned,  which  he  terms  '  two  excel- 
lent di.scourses,'  but  this  design  he  afterwards  aban- 
doned hoping  that  some  judicious  person  would  in- 
sert them  in  a  collection  of  papers  of  the  same  de- 

At  the  end  of  the  Case  of  our  Affairs,  is  a  short 
tract  not  noticed  by  Wood  or  Heame,  though  cer- 
tmnly  written  by  Spelman :  This  is  A  Discourse  of 
LondmCs  Obstinacie  and  Miserie,  in  which  the  au- 
thor says  that  the  civil  war  (which  he  calls  a  lan- 
guishing rebellion)  would  have  long  since  cea.sed, 
'  had  not  this  rebellious  citie  by  its  wealth  and  mul- 
titudes fomented  it,  and  given  it  life.'] 

DUDLEY  DIGGES,  the  son  of  sir  Dudley 
Digges  mention'd  before  under  the  year  1638,  [see 
vol.  ii,  col.  634.1  was  bom  in  Kent,  particularly,  as 
I  conceive,  in  Chilham,  became  a  commoner  of  Univ. 
coll.  in  the  beginning  of  the  year  1629,  where  by 
his  wonderful  pregnant  parts  overcoming  the  crab- 
bed studies  of  logic,  took  the  degree  of  bach,  of  arts 
in  the  beginning  of  Lent  term  1631,  being  then 

"  P'he  tranitlator  was  not  Obad.  Walker,  but  Christopher 
Wase,  superior  beadle  of  the  civil  law  in  Oxford  ;  the  com- 
mentary was  written  by  the  master  of  University.] 

'  rrhe  original  MS.  is  now  in  the  library  of  the  marquis 
of  Buckingham,  at  Stowc.  Among  Junius's  books  in  the 
Bodleian,  is  a  copy  of  the  printed  work,  with  a  vast  number 
of  annotations  by  the  learned  donor.     MS.  Junius  33.] 

scarce  19  years  of  age.  In  the  year  following  he 
was  elected  probationer-fellow  of  All-Souls  coll.  as 
a  founder's  kinsman,  and  in  Oct.  1635  he  was  li- 
censed to  proceed  in  arts  ;  at  which  time  pro.secuting 
his  studies  with  unwearied  industry,  iidvantaged  by 
a  great  memory,  and  excellent  natural  parts,  he  be- 
came a  great  scholar,  general  artist  and  hnguist. 
In  the  beginning  of  the  civil  war,  he  vTote, 

An  Ansiver  to  a  printed  Book,  entit.  Observatimis 
upon  some  of  his  Majesty's  lute  Ansiecrs  and  Ex- 
presses. Oxon.  1642.  (ju."  1647,  third  etlit.  He 
also  wrote  so  subtile  and  solid  a  treatise  of  the  dif- 
ferences betwixt  the  king  and  pai'liament,  that  such 
royahsts  that  have  since  handled  that  controversy 
have  come  far  beneath  him.    The  title  of  it  is  this, 

T7i£  Unlawfulness  of  Subjects  taking  up  Arms 
against  their  Sovereign  in  xchat  Case  soever,  with 
Ansivers  to  all  Objections,  Lond.  1643.  qu.  It  was 
reprinted  at  Lond.  1647,  whereupon  a  complaint 
being  made  to  the  committee  of  complaints,  the 
printers  and  publishers  of  it  were  to  l>e  tried  at  the 
King's-Bench.  It  was  also  published  again  at  Lond. 
1662,  in  Oct.  part  of  which  impression  lying  dead, 
there  was  a  new  title  dated  1679  put  to  it.  At 
length  being  untimely  snatch'd  away  to  the  gieat 
sorrow  of  learned  men,  by  a  malignant  fever  called 
the  camp  disease,  raging  in  the  garrison  of  Oxon,  [33] 
on  the  first  day  of  Oct.  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  lf>43. 
three,  was  buried 'in  the  outer  chapel  of  All-souls 
college.  Of  the  said  disease  dtKtor  Edward  Greaves, 
fellow  of  that  house,  wrote  a  little  treatise  entit. 
Morbus  Epidemicus,  &c.  as  I  shall  tell  you  when  I 
come  to  him. 

[The  Bodleian  Catalogue,  as  well  as  a  MS.  note 
in  the  Bodleian  copy  of  the  book,  (4to.  B.  46.  Jur.) 
ascribes,  and  I  think  justly,  another  tract  to  Digges, 
which  Wood  had  never  met  with,  or  probably  con- 
founded with  An  Answer,  Sfc.  This  is  A  Review  of 
the  Observations  upon  some  of  his  Majesties  late 
Answers  and  Expresses.  Written  by  a  Gentlenmn 
of  Qualify.  Oxford,  Printed  by  Leonard  Lichfield, 
Printer  to  the  University,  1643.  four  sheets  in  4to. 
It  begins  '  In  the  contestation  between  regidl  and 
parliamentary  authority,  finding  by  the  frequent  de- 
clarations of  the  two  honourable  houses  made  unto 
the  people  (like  so  many  appeales  to  the  btxly  at 
large)  that  the  soveraign  judgement  of  all  things  is 
(upon  the  matter)  brought  unto  the  people,  I  see 
not,  but  that  it  is  botli  lawfull,  and  even  the  neces- 
sary duty  of  every  private  man,  that  hath  any  un- 
derstanding of  the  things  in  question,  to  publish  his 
particular  judgement  and  apprehension  of  them.'] 

'  [This  was  '  printed  by  his  majesties  command :' — it 
commences  '  In  this  discourse  concerning  regall  authority,' 
&c.  The  author's  name  is  not  in  the  title  page,  nor  is  there 
any  clue  to  the  writer,  in  the  tract.  But  the  Bodleian  copy, 
4to.  L.  72.  Art.  has  a  MS.  note  by  bishop  Barlow  (than 
whom  no  person  was  more  conversant  in  the  books  and  lite- 
rary history  of  his  period)  stating  Dudley  Digges  to  have  been 
the  author  of  the  Answer.] 




JOHN  SEDGWICK,  son  of  Joseph  Sedgwick 
a  northern  man  born,  sometimes  vicar  of  S.  Peter's 
church  in  Marllx)rough,  afterwards  of  Ogboume  S. 
Andrew,  in  Wilts,  was  Ixirn  in  the  parish  of  S.  Peter 
in  tlie  said  town  of  Marllx)rough,  educated  in  gram- 
mar learning  at  that  place,  and  in  logic  in  Queen's 
coll.  into  which  he  made  his  first  entry  in  Ea.ster 
term,  an.  1619,  and  in  that  of  his  age  18.  But 
making  no  long  stay  there,  he  translated  himself  to 
Magd.  hall,  where  he  applied  his  mind  to  divinity 
before  he  was  bach,  of  arts.  In  the  time  of  Christ- 
mas 1621,  he  was  admitted  to  the  order  of  a  deacon 
by  the  bishop  of  London,  and  in  Nov.  and  Dec.  fol- 
lowing, being  a  candidate  for  the  degree  of  bach,  of 
arts,  had  his  grace  denied  four  times  by  the  regents, 
because '  that  when  he  was  to  be  admitted  to  the 
order  of  deacon,  he  did  Ix-lye  the  university  in  using 
the  title  of  bach,  of  arts  before  he  was  admitted  to 
that  degree,  &c.  At  length  begging  pardon  for 
what  he  had  done,  and  making  a  public  submission 
before  the  ven.  house  of  congregation  of  regents,  he 
was  admitted  to  that  degi-ee,  on  the  sixth  ot  the  said 
month  of  Dec.  Afterwards  he  had  some  small  cure 
about  Bishopsgate  in  London  confer'd  on  him,  took 
the  degree  of  master,  and  at  length  that  of  bach,  of 
div.  Alwut  whicli  time  he  was  a  prejicher  at  Chis- 
wick  in  Middlesex,  afterwards  minister  of  Cogeshall 
in,  and  at  length  upon  the  breaking  out  of  the 
rebellion,  was  made  a  member  of  a  sub-committee 
for  the  advancement  of  money  to  carry  on  the  war 
against  the  king,  and  by  a  factious  party  became 
rector  of  S.  Alphage  near  London  wall  and  Cripple- 
gate,  in  the  place  of  a  loyal  person,  first  shamefully 
abused,  then  ejected,  and  soon  after  dead  with  grief. 
In  that  place  being  setled,  tho'  it  was  but  for  a 
short  time,  he  exercised  his  gifts  in  preaching  against 
prelacy,  and  encouraging  his  parishioners  to  rebel- 
lion. "  He  was  chaplain  to  the  regiment  of  Henry 
"  earl  of  Stamford."  He  would  dispute  and  reason 
much  against  Antinomians,  as  those  that  were  his 
contemporaries  have  told  me  ;  and  tlio'  he  seemed  to 
be  a  samt,  yet  he  was  *  a  simoniack  and  perjur'd, 
standing  both  upon  record.  Also,  as  another  ■•  saith, 
Tho'  he  had  but  one  thumb,  yet  would  he  have  had 
not  an  ear,  had  not  his  majesty  bestowed  two  on 
him,  when  twelve  years  since  (| about  1633)  they 
were  sentenced  to  the  pillory.  Since  which  time  he 
hath  been  such  a  grateful  penitent,  that  in  one  day 
he  was  proved  guilty  of  simony,  sacrilege,  and  adul- 
tery, &c.     His  works  are, 

Sermons,  as  (1)  Fury  fired,  or  Crucltij  scourged, 
on  Amos  1.  12.  Lond.  1625.   oct.   preached  at  S. 

'  Reg.  Congreg.  Univ.  O^on.  notal.  in  dors,  cum  liicra  O, 
M.  3.  a. 

*  Sober  Sndness,  or  historical  Ohservations,  &c.  of  a  pre- 
vailing Party  in  both  Houses  of  Pari.  Load.  l643.  in  qu. 
p.  3;i.  ^ 

'  The  author  of  3/crc.  Aulicus,  in  thcforlielh  Week,  an. 
1643.  p.  5/6. 

Vol.  III. 

Buttolph's  without  Bishopaeatc.  (2)  Tlie  Bearitur 
and  Burden  of' the  Spirit,  m  two  Semu)n.i  on  Prw. 
18.  14.  LonJ.   1639.  t)ct,     (3)  Eye  of  Faith  opm 

to  OihI,  on Lond.  1640,  m  tw.      (4)  Wtmder. 

working  God,  or,  tlic  Lord  doing  Wonder. s,  an 

Lond.  1641,  in  tw.  with  En^und^a  Troubles,  in 
qu.  which  I  have  not  yet  seen. 

Antinomianism  anatomized ;  or,  a  Glass  Jbr  the,  who  deny  the  moral  Law  unto  Christians 
under  the  Go.ipel.  Lond*  1643.  qu.  [Bodl.  8vo. 
B.  89.  Th.]  The  substance  of  it  is  an  extract  from 
one  of  the  IxxAs  of  Dr.  Tho.  Taylor.  At  lengtii, 
after  all  his  actings  to  carry  on  the  blessetl  cause,  he 
did  very  unwillhigly  give  up  the  ghost  in  Octob.  in 
the  year  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  three ;  whercr 
upon  his  Ixxly  was  buried  in  tlie  chancel  of  his 
church  of  St.  Alj)hage  iK'fore-mention'd,  on  the  15th 
day  of  the  same  month.  What  relates  titrther  to 
his  death  and  burial,  let  another*  speak  lor  me,  as 
he  had  received  it  by  letters  from  London.  '  Joh. 
'  Sedgwick  (one  of  the  tliree  brothers'  with  four 
'  fingers  on  a  hand)  hath  spent  his  limgs,  and  caused 
'  Mr.  Tho.  Case  to  exercise  his,  which  he  did  very 
'  mournfully  in  his  funeral  sermon  lately  preachea, 
'  telling  the  auditory,  that  his  departed  brother  was 
'  now  free  from  plunder,  and  that  when  he  was 
'  ready  to  expire,  he  would  often  ask,  liow  does  the 
'  army,  how  does  his  excellency  ?»  witli  many  such 
'  sweet  expressions,  as  moved  some  citizen  to  send 
'  Mr.  Case  a  fair  new  gown,  lest  he  chance  to  recur 
'  to  his  old  way  of  borrowing,'  &c. 

[W^ood  has  confounded  John  Sedgwick  with  liis 
brother  Obadiah  Sedgwick,  who  was  the  rector  of 
Coggeshall  in,  a  benefice  never  enjoyed  by 
John,  who  was  however  vicar  of  Clavering  in  the 
same  county.' 

Prynne  in  his  True  and  perfect  Narrative, 
printed  1659,  page  65,  addressing  himself  to  the 
army  officers  and  soldiers  thus  says — '  Remem- 
ber what  your  own  army  chaplain  John  Sedgwick, 
in  his  Justice  upon  the  Armies  Remonstrance, 
from  St.  Allxjns,  Nov.  16,  1648,  hath  written.  Sic' 
But  here  Prynne  must  be  wrong,  for  Sedgwick  was 
certainly  dead  before  that  time,  as  he  wa-s  succeedetl 
in  the  rectory  of  St.  Alphage,  Dec.  6,  1643,  by  Sa- 
muel Fawcett.  See  the  Fasti,  under  the  year 
1624,  col.  415. 

In  Wood's  own  copy  of  these  Athene,  in  the 
Ashniolean  museum,  is  a  MS.  character  of  Sedgwick, 
which  was  omitted  by  the  publisher  of  the  second 
edition.  He  was,  says  Wood,  '  a  violent  prcaeher 
'  to  the  soldiers,  to  bring  them  into  miseries  and  con- 
'  fusion :  and  to  bring  them  at  length  in  civil  warr, 
'  the  cutting  of  throates,  wresting  away  estates,  and 
'  the  murder  and  banishment  of  princes.'] 

'  Idem,  ibid.  p.  640. 

'  The  other  two  brothers  were  Obadiah  and  Joseph. 

*  Robert  carl  of  Essex. 

*  [Newcourt,  liepertor.  vol.  ii.  page  15?.] 






JOHN  BAINBRIDGE,  son  of  Rob.  Bainbridge, 
by  Anne  his  wife,'  daughter  of  Rich.  Everard  oi' 
Snenton  in  Leicestershire,  was  bom  at  Ashby  de  la 
Zouch  ill  the  same  county,  educated  in  Emanuel 
coll.  under  the  tutelage  of  his  kinsman  Dr.  Joseph 
Hall,  took  the  decrees  in  arts,  studied  physic,  re- 
tired into  his  own  country,  practised  there  and 
taught  a  grammar  st-hool.     At  length  publishing 

A71  Astronomical  Description  of'  the  late  Comet 
from  18th  ofXov.  1618,  to  the  16th  of  Dec.  fol- 
lowing, Lond.  1619.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  B.  10.  Art.  BS.] 
He  became  acquainted  with  sir  Hen.  Savile,  who 
founding  an  astronomy-lecture  in  this  university 
in  the  year  wherein  the  said  book  was  printed,  pre- 
ferred our  author  Bainbridge  thereunto.  Whereupon 
Sing  to  Oxon,  he  was  entred  a  master-commoner  of 
erton  coU.  was  incorporated  doctor  of  physic  as  he 
had  stood  at  Cambridge,  lived  in  the  said  coll.  for 
some  years,  (the  society  of  which  house  conferM  on 
him  the  superior  reader's  place  of  Lynacre's  lecture 
1635)  and  afterwards  in  an  house  opposite  to  their 
church.     He  also  published, 

Procli  Sph-cera.  Ptolomtei  de  Hypothesibtis  Pla- 
netarum  Liber  singulai-is,  &c.  1620.  qu. 

Ptolemwi  Canon  Regnorum,  printed  with  the 
former.  Both  which  were  collated  with  MS S,  put 
into  Latin,  and  illustrated  with  figures  by  the  said 
Dr.  Bainbridge,  who  also  wrote, 

Canicular ia:^  being  a  Treatise  of  tlie  Dog-star, 
and  of  the  Canicular  Days.  Oxon.  1648.  oct.  [Bodl. 
8vo.  B.  38.  Art.  Seld.]  published  by  Joh.  Greaves, 
together  with  A  Demonstration  of  the  Heliacal 
Rising  of  Sirius,  or  the  Dog-star  Ji)r  the  Parallel 
qf  Lower  JEgypt.  At  length  after  he  had  l)een 
Savihan  professor  of  astronomy  about  24  years  in 
this  university,  and  superior  reader  of  Lynacre's 
lecture  in  Mert.  coll.  about  8  years,  surrendred  up 
his  last  breath  in  his  house  near  the  said  coll. 
-on  the  third  day  of  Nov.  in  sixteen  hundred  forty 
and  three:  whereupon  his  body  being  convey'd 
thence  to  the  pubhc  schools,  rested  there  for 
some  time.  Afterwards  an  oration'  being  deU- 
vered  before  the  several  degrees  that  were  then 
left  in  the  univeraty,  in  praise  of  the  defunct 
•and  his  learning,  it  was  accompanied  by  them  to 
■^Mert.  coll.  church,  and  there  solemnly  deposited  on 
the  left  side  of  Briggs  his  grave  near  to  the  high 
'altar.  The  epitaph  on  his  grave-stone,  which  was 
made  by  Mr.  Greaves  before-mention'd,  his  successor 

'  [Nichols,  ICiU.  of  Leicestershire,  iii.  631,  says  by  Alice, 
daughter  of  Richard  Everard,  but  quaere  if  this  be  not  a  mis- 
take for  Anne  ?  John  Rainbridgc's  grandmotlier  was  Alice 
daughter  of  Robert  Pahncr,  which  perhaps  occasioned  the 

*  [Enlitfed  by  Nichols,  Hist,  of  Leicestershire,  Canicularis, 
evidently  a  mistake.  It  is  a  book  of  great  rarity,  as  a  proof 
of  which,  an  eminent  foreign  scholar  has,  at  the  very  moment 
I  am  writing  this  note,  commissioned  a  gentleman  of  the 
university  to  procure  him  a  transcript  of  Seldcn's  copy.] 

*  [By  W.  strode,  the  university  orator.] 

in  the  astronomy  lecture,  you  may  read  in  Hist.  (?f 
Antiq.  Univ.  O.ron.  hb.  2.  p.  89-  b.  90.  a.  Many 
of  his  writings  ciuiie  after  his  deatli  into  the  hands  of 
the  said  Greaves,  liesides  what  is  before-mentioned, 
but  whether  worthy  of  the  press,  I  cannot  tell. 
Among  them  was  his  Discourse  of  the  Periodus 
Sothiaca,  which  the  said  Greaves  was  about  to  per- 
fect and  publish,  an.  1644. 

[Bainbridge  A.B.  coll.  Eman.  1603,  4;  A.  M. 
coll.  Eman.  an.  1607 :  he  commenced  M.  D.  at  Cam- 
bridge an.  1614.     Bakek. 

Dr.  Walter  Pope,  in  his  life  of  Seth  Ward,  bishop 
of  Sarum,  says,  that  when  he  (Bambridge,  for  so  he 
calls  him,  not  Bainbridge)  was  professor,  he  put 
upon  the  school  gate  a  written  paper  giving  notice, 
according  to  custom,  at  what  time,  and  on  what  sub- 
ject, the  professor  would  read ;  which  ended  in  these 
words  Lecturus  de  PcHis  et  Axis,  under  which  was 
written  by  an  unknown  hand 

Dr.  Bambridge 
Came  from  Cambridge 

To  read  de  Polis  et  Axis ; 
Let  him  go  back  again 
Like  a  dunce  as  he  came. 

And  learn  a  new  syntaxis. — Watts. 

Bainbridge  left  several  dissertations  by  will  to 
archbishop  Usher,  (now  in  Trinity  college  library, 
Dublin)  among  which  were 

1.  A  Theory  of  the  Sun. 

2.  A  Tlieory  of  the  Moon. 

3.  A  Discourse  concerning  the  Quantify  of  the 

4.  Astronomical  Observations,  in  two  volumes. 

5.  Matliematical  Miscellanies,  in  nine  or  ten  vo- 

And  the  following,  actually  prepared  for  the  press : 

6.  Antiprognosticon ;  in  quo  Mavrixijf  Astrolo- 
gicp,  Caelestium  Domornm,  et  Triplicitatum  Com- 
mentis,  magnisque  Saturni  et  Jovis  (cujusmodi 
anno  1623  et  1643  contigerunt,  et  vicesimo  Jere 
qtioque  deinceps  anno,  ratis  Naturae  Legibus,  re- 
current) Conjunctionibus  innixas,  Vanitas  breviter 

7.  De  Meridianorum  sive  Longitudinum  Diffe- 
rentiis  inveniendis  Dissertatio. 

8.  De  Stella  Veneris  Diatriba. 

9.  Celestial  Observations,  printed  afterwards  in 
Ismael  Bullialdus''s  Astronomica  Philola'ica,  Paris, 
1645,  foUo. 

In  his  dedication  to  king  James,  prefixed  to  his 
Astronomicall  Descriptions,  he  mentions  another 
treatise  which  he  had  in  preparation  :  this  was  TTie 
Description  of  Great  Britaine's  Monarchy  in  three 
Columnes,  Historicall,  Panegyricall  and  Prophy- 
lacticall,  '  intending  (as  he  says)  thereby  to  stir  vp 
your  leige  people  to  a  religious  admiration  of  God's 
wonderfull  providence  in  vniting  these  two  famous 
kingdomes  mto  one  monarchy;  to  a  iust  acknow- 



Icdgcmeiit  of  our  exceeding  happinesse  therein  ;  as 
also  to  an  vnanimous  desire,  anti  endeauour  for  the 
absohite  vnion  and  perpetuaJl  preservation  thereof.' 
It  is  interesting  to  know  even  the  spots  wliich 
have  been  inhabited  by  eminent  men,  and  Uain- 
bridge  dwelt  at  this  tnne,  in  Decemlwr  1618,  in 
London,  near  All  Hallo wes  in  the  Wall.] 

WILLIAM  CARTWRIGHT  the  most  noted 
poet,  orator  and  philosopher  of  his  time,  was  Iwrn 
at  North-way  near  TewKsbury  in  Glocestershire  in 
Sept.  1611.  (9  Jac.  1.)  and  baptized  there  on  the 
26th  day  of  the  same  month.  His  father  Will.  Cart- 
wright  was  once  a  gentleman  of  a  fair  estate,  but 
running  out  of  it,  I  know  not  how,  was  f()rced  to 
keep  a  common  inn  in  Cirencester  in  the  same 
county,  where  hving  in  a  middle  condition,  caused 
this  his  son,  of  great  hopes,  to  be  educated  under 
Mr.  Will.  Topp  master  of  the  free-school  there. 
But  so  great  a  progress  did  he  make  in  a  short  time, 
that  by  the  advice  of  friends,  his  father  got  him  to 
be  sped  a  king's-scholar  at  Westminster ;  where 
compleating  his  former  learning  to  a  miracle  under 
Mr.  Lambert  Osbaldeston,  was  elected  student  of 
[351  ^^"  ^^'  ^^  1628,  put  under  the  tuition  of  Jerumael 
Terrent,  went  through  the  classes  of  l(^c  and  phi- 
losophy with  an  unwearied  industry,  took  the  de- 
grees in  arts  (that  of  master  being  compleated  in 
1635)  holy  orders,  and  became  the  most  florid  and 
seraphical  preacher  in  the  university.  He  was  an- 
other Tully  and  Virgil,  as  being  most  excellent  for 
oratory  and  poetry,  in  which  faculties,  as  also  in  the 
Greek  tongue,  he  was  so  full  and  absolute,  that 
those  that  best  knew  him,  knew  not  in  which  he 
most  excelled.  So  admirably  well  vers'd  also  was 
he  in  metaphysics,  that  when  he  was  reader  of  them 
in  the  university,  the  exposition  of  them  was  never 
better  performed  than  by  him  and  his  predecessor 
Tho.  Barlow  of  Qu.  coll.  His  preaching  also  was 
so  graceful,  and  profound  withal,  that  none  of  his 
time  or  age  went  beyond  him.  So  that  if  the  wits 
read  his  jwems,  divines  his  sermons,  and  philoso- 
phers his  lectures  on  Aristotle's  metaphysics,  they 
would  scarce  believe  that  he  died  at  a  little  above 
thirty  years  of  age.  But  that  which  is  most  remark- 
able, is  that  these  his  high  parts  and  abihties  were 
accompanied  with  so  much  candour  and  sweetness, 
that  they  made  him  equally  beloved  and  admired  of 
all  persons,  especially  those  of  the  gown  and  court, 
who  esteemed  also  his  life  a  fair  copy  of  practic 
piety,  a  rare  example  of  heroic  worth,  and  in  whom 
arts,  leiirning,  and  language  made  up  the  true  com- 
plement of  perfection.  He  hath  written. 
The  Ladij-Errant.  Trag.  Com. 
Royal  Slave.  Trag.  Com.  Oxon.  1640.  second 
edit.*  acted  before  the  K.  and  Q.  by  the  students  of 
Ch.  Ch.  30  Aug.  1636.  See  in  Hist.  S^Antiq.  Univ. 
Oxon.  lib.  1.  p.  344.  b.  345.  a. 

■•  [The  first  edit,  was  in  4to.  Oxford,  ifiSg,  whicli  is  in 
tlie  BiKlleian,  4io.  T.  34.  Art  ] 

TIu:  Ordinarij.     Com. 

Siege:  or  Lov^s  Convert.     Trag.  Com. 

Poem.i All  which  were  gallierwl  into  one  v<A 

and  printed  at  I^ond.  1651.  oct.  usher'd  then  into 
the  world  by  many  copies  of  verses,  mostly  written 
by  Oxf.  men ;  among  whom  were  Jas()er  Mayne, 
D.  D.  Joh.  CastiUon,  B.  1).  (afterwards  d«m  of  Ro- 
chester) Robert  Waring,  Mart.  Lluellin,  Joh.  FeU, 
Franc.  Palmer,  Rich.  Goodridge,  Tho.  Sevcmc,  && 
all  of  Ch.  Ch.  Hen.  earl  of  Monmouth,  sir  Rob. 
Stapylton,  Edw.  Sherbourn  (afterwards  a  knight) 
Jam.  Howell,  Franc.  Finch,  Joh.  Finch  of  Bal. 
i-oU.  brethren  to  sir  Heneage  Finch  sometimes  lord 
chanc.  of  England,  Will.  Creed  of  S.  Joh.  coll.  Joh. 
Birkenhead  of  All-s.  coll.  Hen.  Vaughan  the  Silu- 
rist  and  Eugenius  Philalethes  his  brother,  both  of 
Jesus  coll.  Josias  How  and  Ralph  Bathurst  of  Trin. 
coll.  Matthew  Small  wood  of  Brasen-nose,  Hen.  Bold 
of  New,  and  Will.  BeU  of  S.  John's  coU.  &c. ».  Our 
author  Cartwright  also  wrote, 

Poemata  Grceca  ^  Latina. 

An  Offspring  of  Mercy  issuing  out  of  the  Womb 
of  Cruelty :  or,  a  Passion  Sermon  preached  at  Ch. 
Ch.  in  Oxon,  on  Acts  2.  23.  Lond.  1662.  oct. 

Of  the  signal  Days  in  the  Month  of  Nov.  in  Re- 
lation to  the  Crown  and  Rmjal  Family.  A  |X)ein. 
Lond.  1671,  in  one  sh.  in  qu.  besides  poems  and 
verses,  which  have  ayres'  for  several  voices  set  to 
them  by  the  incomparable  Henry  Lawcs  servant  to 
K.  Ch.  I.  in  his  public  and  private  music ;  who  out- 
living the  tribulations  which  he  endured  for  the 
royal  cause,  was  restored  to  his  places  after  the 
return  of  K.  Ch.  II.  and  for  a  short  time  lived 
happy,  and  venerated  by  all  lovers  of  music.  He 
was  buried,  by  the  title  of  gentleman  of  his  majesty's 
chappel,  in  the  cloister  belonging  to  S.  Peter's 
church  within  the  city  of  Westminster,  25  Octob. 
1662.     As  for  Cartwright,  who  had  the  succentor's 

Elace  in  the  church  of  Salisbury  conferr'd  on  him 
y  bishop  Duppa,  in  the  month  of  Octob.  1642,  he 
was  untimely  snatch'd  away  by  a  malignant  fever 
call'd  the  camp-disease,  that  raged  in  Oxon.  (he  be- 
ing then  one  of  the  proctors  of  the  university)  to 
the  great  grief  of  all  learned  and  virtuous  men,  and 
to  the  resentment  of  the  K.  and  Qu.  then  there  (who 
very  anxiously  enquired  of  his  health  in  the  time  of  1643. 
his  sickness)  on  ttie  29th  of  November  in  sixteen  [861 
hundred  forty  and  three,  and  was  buried  on  the 
first  day  of  December,  towards  the  upper  end  of  the 
south  isle  joyning  to  the  choir  of  tlie  cathedral  of 
Christ  Church.     In  his  proctorship  succeeded  Joh. 

'  [It  is  remarkable  that  thougVi  the  printer  in  liis  postscript 
(immediately  after  the  commendatory  verses)  tells  us  that  he 
does  not  give  an  index,  yet  the  Bodleian  copy  contains  for 
fly  leaves  fragments  of  an  index  to  all  the  poems,  which  shew 
that  one  was  actually  printed  and  suppressed.] 

*  See  in  a  book  entit.  Ayres  and  Dialogues  for  one  Iteo 
and  three  Voices.  Lond.  1633.  fol.  composed  by  the  said  Hen. 
Lawes;  and  in  another  emit.  Select  Ayres  and  Dialogues  to 
sing  to  the  Theorbo,  Lule,  and  Bass  Viol.  Lond.  XGOQ.  fol. 
composed  also  by  the  said  Hen.  Lawcs. 




Maplct,  M.  A.  of  the  same  house,  who  served  out 
the  remaining  part  of  the  ycai-,  and  in  liis  succentor- 
ship  Rob.  Jo>aier  of  Oxford. 

[David  Lloyd  in  liis  Memoires  of  those  Personages 
that  suffered  Jbr  the  Protestant  Religion,  Lond. 
1668,  foUo,  page  422,  says,  that  Cartwright  was 
'  son  of  Tho.  Cartwriglit  of  Burford  in  tlic  county  of 
Oxford,  Ixjrn  Aug.  lo,  IGlS,'  Sjc.  Ahliough  I  had 
no  doubt  as  to  Wood's  accuracy,  I  was  induced  to 
write  to  Burford  in  order,  if  possible,  to  satisfy  my 
readers  on  tliis  point,  and  I  have  l^een  favoured  by 
the  rev.  Francis  KnolUs,  vicar  of  Burford,  with  a 
letter  on  the  subject,  from  which  I  extract  the  fol- 
lowing : 

'  I  have  very  carefully  examined  the  register  of 
Burford,  but  can  find  no  such  name  as  that  of  Cart- 
wriffht,  and  therefore  conclude  no  family  of  that 
name  did  reside  here.  I  have  likewise  examined 
the  register  of  the  chapelry  of  Fulbrook,  but  with- 
out success.' 

Lloyd  is  not,  by  any  means,  a  writer  to  be  de- 
pended on,  as  Wood  well  knew,  when  he  gave  him 
the  character  to  be  found  in  another  part  of  this 
work,  and  I  was  in  great  hopes  that  I  might  have 
proved  my  author's  correctness  by  an  application  at 
Northway ;  here  however,  unfortunately  (as  I  learn 
by  the  kindness  of  the  rev.  D.  C.  Parry)  the  early 
registers  are  lost,  but,  says  Mr.  Parry,  '  I  was  in- 
formed there  were  strong  reasons  for  believing  that 
Eersons  of  that  name  (Cartwright)  did  at  some  time 
ve  in  the  hamlet  of  Northway.'  The  earliest  re- 
gister, it  seems,  conimences  in  1703,  and  the  name 
occurs  once  only  during  the  first  twenty  years, 
'  WiUiam  Cartwright  of  Treddington  married  to 
Mary  Ffreeman  of  Tewkesbury.' — In  the  absence 
of  all  positive  proof,  I  incUne  to  Wood's  authority 
in  preference  to  that  of  Lloyd. 

I  am  not  aware  that  any  bibliographer  has  pointed 
out  the  various  pecuharities  that  occur  in  uifTerent 
copies  of  Cartwnght's  Poems  in  1651.  Of  these  it 
is  true  one  only  edition  appeared,  but  upon  minute 
coUation,  some  books  ^vill  be  discovered  far  more 
perfect  than  others.  In  the  Bodleian  is  a  copy, 
formerly  Seidell's,  which  I  have  compared  with 
another,  bequeathed  to  Christ  Church  library  by  lord 
Orrery,  and  find  to  vary  materially  in  three  places. 
Thus  in  the  Selden  volume,  instead  of  the  initials 
'  T.  P.  Baronet'  at  the  commendatory  verses  follow- 
ing lord  Monmouth's,  are  a  rose  and  a  harp  sur- 
mounted with  crowns,  and  followed  by  the  word 
'  Baronet.'  At  pages  301  and  302  the  second  and 
fifth  stanzas  in  the  verses  On  the  Queen\i  Return 
from  the  Low  Countries,  arc  entirely  omitted  :  these 
appear  in  lord  Orrery's  copy,  and  are  now  given  to 
enable  persons  having  the  book  in  its  mutilated 
state,  to  supply  the  deficiency. 

Page  301. 
When  greater  tempests,  than  on  sea  before 
Rcceiv'd  her  on  the  shore, 

Wlien  she  was  shot  oX  for  the  kin^s  own  good 

By  legions  hir'd  to  bloud ; 
How  bravely  did  .she  do,  how  bravely  liear! 
And  shew'd,  though  they  durst  rage,  she  durst  not 

Page  302. 
Look  on  her  Enemies,  on  their  godly  lies. 

Their  holy  Perjuries. 
Their  curs'tl  encrease  of  much  ill  gotten  wealth, 

By  rapine  or  by  stealth,' 
Their  crafty  friendship  knit  by  equall  guilt, 
And  the  Crown-martyrs  bloud  so  lately  spilt. 

And  at  page  305,  in  the  verses  on  the  death  of  sir 
Bevill  Grenvill,  the  folloAving  hnes  are  totally  left 

You  now  that  boast  the  spirit,  and  its  sway, 
Shew  us  his  second,  and  wce'l  give  the  day. 
We  know  your  poUtique  axiom,  lurli:,  orjly ; 
Ye  cannot  conquer,  'cause  you  dare  not  dye : 
And  though  you  thank  God  that  you  lost  none  there, 
'Cause  they  were  such  who  livd not  when  they  were ; 
Yet  your  great  Generall  (who  doth'  rise  and  fall. 
As  his  successes  do,  whom  you  dare  call, 
As  Fame  unto  you  doth  reports  dispence. 

Either  a or  his  excellence) 

How'ere  he  reigns  now  by  unheard  of  laws. 
Could  wish  his  fate  together  with  his  cause. 

In  the  British  Museum  is  a  single  folio  sheet, 
printed  in  1641,  containing  verses  by  him  to  the 
carl  of  Pembroke  and  Montgomery,  upon  his  lord- 
ship's election  to  the  office  of  chancellor  of  the  univ. 
of  Oxford,  but  these  lines  were  printed  at  p.  292 
of  his  collected  poems. 

There  is  a  very  tolerable  head  of  Cartwright  by 
P.  Lombart,  prefixed  to  his  works. 

The  following  is  taken  from  Lawes's  Ayres,  page 
7,  and  differs  in  a  trifling  degree  from  the  copy  at 
p.  219  of  the  Poems,  where  it  appears  as  an  address 
To  Venus. 

A  Complaint  against  Cupid. 

Venus,  redress  a  wrong  that's  done 
By  that  yong  sprightful  boy  thy  son  ; 
He  wounds,  and  then  laughs  at  the  sore, 
Hatred  it  self  could  do  no  more; 
If  I  pursue  he's  smal  and  light. 
Both  seen  at  once,  and  out  of  sight ; 
If  I  do  flye,  he's  wing'd,  and  then 
At  die  first  step  I'm  taught  again; 
Lest  one  day  thou  thy  selfe  may'st  suffer  so. 
Or  clip  the  wanton's  wings,  or  break  his  bow.] 

"  JOHN  PYM,  an  esquire's  son,  was  born  in 
"  Somersetshire,  became  a  gent.  com.  of  Broadgate's 
"  Hall  (now  Pemb.  coll.)  in  the  beginning  of  the 
"  year  1599,  and  in  that  of  his  age  15,  being  then 
"  or  soon  after  put  under  the  tuition  of  Degory 

'  [Ttie  writers  in  the  Biofirapliia  Dramnlicn  notice  tliat 
iIk-sC  lines  aie  wauling,  Imi  are  iidI  aw  ate  thai  llicy  are  lo  lie 
found  in  some  uncasiraled  copies  ] 



"  Whear,  and  admired  for  his  prej^nant  parts  by 
"  Charles  Fit/-(iefPrey  the  |X)et,  who  stiled "  the 
"  said  Pyiu  in  1601,  '  Pliicbi  delicia?,  Lejws  puelli,'' 
"  &c.  But  l)efore  he  t(M)k  a  dej^-ee  lie  left  the 
"  university,  and  went,  as  I  conceive,  to  one  oY  the 
"  inns  of  court.  Afterwards,  at  riper  years,  being 
'^  esteemed  a  person  of  good  language,  voluble 
"  tongue,  and  of  considerable  knowledge  in  the 
"  common  law,  he  was  in  several  parliaments  in  the 
"  latter  end  of  K.  James  I.  (being  then  esteemed  by 
"  that  prince,  a  man  of  an  ill-tempered  spirit)  and 
"  in  all  those  held  in  the  reign  of  K.  Ch.  I.  a  con- 
"  slant  burgess  for  Tavistock  in  Devonshire.  In  a 
"  parliament  held  in  1626  I  find  him  an  enemy  to 
"  the  great  favourite  of  K.  Ch.  I.  called  George 
"  Villiers  duke  of  Buckingham,  and  very  active  in 
"  aggravating  some  of  the  articles  that  were  then 
"  put  up  agauist  him,  viz.  that  he  forced  sir  Richard 
"  Roberts,  hart,  knowing  him  to  be  rich,  to  take 
"  the  title  of  lord  Roberts  of  Truro  upon  him,  and 
"  that  in  consideration  thereof  to  make  him  pay  for 
"  it  to  him  the  said  duke  ten  thousand  pounds. 
"  Farther  also,  that  he  sold  the  office  of  lord  trea/- 
"  surer  to  sir  Hen.  Mountaguc  (afterwards  earl  of 
"  Manchester)  for  twenty  thousand  pounds,  and  the 
''  office  of  master  of  the  wards  to  sir  Lionel  Cran- 
"  field  (afterwards  earl  of  Middlesex)  for  six  thousand 
"  pounds,  &c.  In  another  session  of  parliament  in 
"  1618,  I  find  him  very  eager  against  Dr.  Roger 
"  Man  waring,  the  increase  of  Arminians  and  papists, 
"  and  several  times  to  make  a  motion  in  the  house, 
"  that  all  jiersons  take  a  covenant  to  maintain  their 
"  religion  and  rights,  &c.  At  length  to  mollify  and 
"  sweeten  the  nature  of  this  forward  person  (Pym) 
"  he  was  made  lieutenant  of  the  ordnance,  which  is 
"  an  office  of  good  trust  and  gain ;  but  as  soon  as  he 
"  perceived  that  the  puritans  began  to  be  terrible, 
"  he  sided  with  them  and  with  Joh.  Haniden,  Will. 
"  lord  Say,  &c.  <lid  correspond  with  the  covenanters 
"  in  Scotland,  an.  1639,  and  was  also  with  Rob.  earl 
«  of  Essex,  Hen.  E.  of  Holland,  Will.  L.  Say, 
"  Will.  L.  Russel,  (afterwards  E.  of  Bedford)  &c. 
"  deep  in  councils  with  the  commissioners  at  Lon- 
"  don  sent  from  the  Scotch  covenanters.  He  then 
"  rode  about  the  country  to  promote  elections  of  the 
"  puritanical  brethren  to  serve  in  parliament,  wasted 
"  nis  body  much  in  carrying  on  the  cause,  and  was 
"  himself  elected  a  burgess  twice  in  1640,  to  serve 
"  in  the  two  parliaments  then  called :  in  the  last  of 
"  which,  beginning  the  3d  of  Nov.  he  l)cHame  the 
"  idol  of  the  faction,  an  indefatigable  enemy  against 
"  the  most  eminent  and  noble  Thomas  earl  of  Straf- 
"  ford,  was  the  man  that  carrietl  from  the  H.  of 
"  commons  to  the  lords  the  impeachment  of  the  said 
"  earl  of  high-trea.son,  was  so  bitter  and  invective 
"  in  his  malice  towards  him,  that  knowing  how 
"  much  he  was  beloved  of  the  king,  he  did  purposely 
"  therefore  rake  up  all  he  could  conceive  against 

"  In  Affiinmsive  Epigram,  lib.  2. 

"  liim  ;  and  in  exjircssing  his  conceptions,  he  would 
"  reflect  on  his  sacred  majesty.  I  shall  iiere  desire 
"  tlie  reader  to  take  notice,  tiiat  tho'  in  the  tryal  of 
"  the  said  Strafford  (wlierein  Pyni  was  a  great 
"  agent)  he  the  said  Straflbrd  liehaved  himself  ex- 
"  ceeding  graceful,  and  that  his  speech  was  esteemed 
"  full  of  weight,  reason,  and  plca.singnes.s,  and  so 
"  affectionate  it  was,  that  it  obtained  pity  and  re- 
"  morse  in  the  generality  (nay  tears  from  some)  then 
"  jiresent,  yet  in  this  jxTson  (Pym)  and  in  another 
"  violent  baiter  of  him  called  Jon.  Glynn,  there  was 
"  notliing  of  remorse  at  all,  but  they  went  doughtily 
"  on  till  they  hail  brought  that  immortal  jxrson  to 
"  the  block.  Certainly  never  any  man  acted  •  such 
"  a  part  on  such  a  theatre,  with  more  wisdom,  con- 
"  stancy,  and  elo(|uence,  with  greater  reason,  iudg> 
"  nient,  and  temper,  and  with  a  better  grace  in  all 
"  his  words  and  gestures,  than  this  great  and  excel- 
"  lent  jxTson  (Strafford)  did.  About  the  same 
"  time  Pym  was  sent  from  the  house  of  commons  to 
"  die  lords,  with  the  charge  of  high-treason  against 
"  archbishop  Laud,  who  thereupon  was  committed 
"  to  custody ;  and  so  active  and  ungrateful  in  tra- 
"  ducing  his  majesty  so  much,  particularly  that  he 
"  was  a  promoter  of  the  reb<'ilion  in  Ireland,  by 
*'  giving  passes  to  papists_  to  go  thither,  who  were 
"  afterwards  chief  commanders  among  the  rebels, 
"  (at  wliich  the  king  was  so  much  distasted,  as  if  he 
"  had  connived  at  the  said  rebellion,  that  he  required 
"  the  declaration  of  the  h.  of  commons  for  his  vin- 
"  dication,  but  could  not  obtain  it)  that  he  was  the 
"  principal  of  those  five  members  of  the  house  of 
"  commons,  against  whom  he  deniiinded  justice, 
"  tho'  in  vain,  4  Jan.  1641.  About  the  same  time 
"  he  seeing  that  his  majesty  would  not  confer  the 
"  chancellorship  of  the  exchequer  ujxjn  him,  which 
"  he  was  counselled  to  do  purposely  to  stop  his 
"  mouth,  he  went  of  his  own  accord  (some  say  '  he 
"  was  sent)  into  the  city  of  London  to  make  speeches 
"  against  obstructions  in  the  body  politic,  that  re- 
"  formation  could  not  go  on  till  they  were  removed, 
"  which,  according  to  his  desired  end,  soon  raised 
"  the  city  tumults  to  petition  the  parliament,  that 
"  the  bishops  and  popish  lords  might  be  thrown  out 
"  of  the  house  of  peers,  as  the  only  hinderers  of 
"  reformation  of  reli^on,  diereby  to  lessen  the 
"  number  of  votes  likeliest  to  oppose  the  puritan 
"  faction.  His  usual  orations  were  so  invective, 
"  that  he  did  not  only  poyson  the  greater  part  of 
"  the  house,  but  also  the  seditious  vulgar,  with  art 
"  ill  conceit  against  the  g(K)d  king,  and  all  those 
"  that  he  lov\l  and  favoured,  particularly  Strafford, 
"  (Pym  being  a  manager  of  the  evidence  against 
"  him)  Laud  and  others,  as  I  have  before  told  you. 
"  And  having  thus  satisfied  himself,  he  became  a 
"  grand  promoter  of  the  covenant,  took  it  twice 

"  '  Bulstr.  Whitlock  in  his  Memorials  of  English  Affairs, 
&c.  printed  1()82,  fol.  p.  43.  a." 

"  '  Sec  in  a  book  emit.  Perseculio  m.dteima,  ice.  jrinted 
"  l648,  in  qu.  |).  64." 




"  himself  at  least,  to  eficourajje  others  to  t.ike  it, 
"  was  OIK-  of  the  laymen  appointed  by  ordinance  of 
"  pari,  to  sit  among  the  assembly  of  divines,  pur- 
"  posely,  as  'tis  thought,  to  shew  his  divinity,  was 
"  an  enemy  to  the  hierarchy  it  self,  the  prero- 
"  gative,  the  queen,  the  royal  family,  and  would 
'•  liave  proceeded  farther,  if  possible,  against  other 
"  people  and  things,  hat!  he  not  been  justly  cut  off 
"  from  the  li\ing  in  the  midst  of  his  most  diabolical 
"  designs.  Under  his  name  were  these  tilings  fol- 
''  lowing  printed : 

"  Speech  in  Parliament,  An.   1626,  enlarging- 
"  and  aggravating  the  ninth,  tenth,  and  eleventh 

"  Articles  against  the  Duke  of  Buckingliam. 

"  See  in  Jo.  Rushworth's  first  vol.  of  Historical 
"  Collections  of' private  Passages  of  State,  c^-c.  An. 
"  1626.  p.  335. 

"  Short  Animadversimu  on  tlie  Kin^s  Message, 
"  An.  1628 — See  in  the  same  Collections,  p.  525. 

"  Several  speeches  in  pari,  as  (1 )  Speech  spoken  25 
"  Nov.  1640,  after  the  Articles  of  the  Charge 
"  against  the  Earl  of  Strafford  were  read.  (2.) 
''  Speech  to  tlie  Lords  30  Dec.  concerning  an  In- 
^^ J'ormatioti  against  George  Lord  Digby.  (3.) 
"  Speech  spoken  31  Dec.  after  the  Articles  of  the 
"  Charge  against  Sir  George  Radcliff  were  read. 
"  (4.)  Speech  at  a  Conference  of  both  Houses  con- 
"  cerning  tJie  Petition  of  the  Knights  and  Gentry 
"  of  Kent,  9  Feb.  (5.)  Speech  spoken  19  Feb.  for 
"  the  pressing  of  Men  to  be  sent  into  Ireland.  (6.) 
"  Speech  spoken  17  March,  shewing  what  Dangers 
"  are  like  to  ensue  thro''  the  Want  of  Privileges  of 
"  Pari,  These  six  speeches  before-mention'd  were 
"  spoken  and  printed  in  1640.  (7)  Speech  at  the 
"  Tryal  ofTfio.  E.  of  Strafford,  23  March  1640. 
"  — See  in  Tho.  Nalson's  second  vol.  of  An  impar- 
"  t'lal  Collection  of  the  great  Affairs  of  State,  &c. 
«'p.30,  31. 

"  Speeches,  with  conferences  in  parliament  and 
'.'  elsewhere,  as  (1.)  Speech  to  the  Lords  in  Pari. 
"  s'ltt'mg  in  Westminster-Hall  on  the  Tryal  of  the 
"  E.  of  Strafford,  12  Apr.  (2.)  Speech  or  Decla- 
"  ration  after  tlie  Recapitulat'ion  or  Stemming  np 
"  of  the  Charge  of  High-Treason  against  tlie  E. 
"  of  Straff.  13  Apr.  (3.)  Reply  to  the  Earl  of 
f  381  "  Strafford's  Defence,  23  Apr.  (4.)  Heads  of  a  Con- 
"ference  delivered  at  a  Committee  of  both  Houses, 
"  24  June.^  (5.)  Speech  containing  a  Report  of 
*'  what  was  done  during  the  Recess  of  the  Pari. 
"  20  Oct.  (6.)  Speech  at  a  Conference  concerning 
"  ill  Councils,  10  Nov.  (7.)  Speech  in  Pari.  14 
"  Jan.  concerning  his  (PynCs)  Innocence  touching 
"  tlie  Articles  of  Higii-Treason  eschibited  against 
"  him.  (8.)  Declaration  presented  to  the  H.  of 
"  Commons,  with  A  Speech  Delivered  at  a  Con- 

'  [The  Jleasons  of  the  House  of  Commons  tu  slay  the 
Qiierne's  going  into  Holland:  delivered  to  the  Lords,  at  a 
(.'nnfcrence  the  14  July.  By  John  Pym,  Esy.  Delivered 
tlie  IS  to  Majestic  irt  presence  of  both  Houses  hy  my  Lord 
liimkes.  Lond.  1(J4I.  Jsli.  fo.     Wanlev.] 

'^^ference  with  the  Ltrrds  25  Jan.  by  occasion  of 
"  the  Petitions  from  tlie  City  of  Lond.  and  tlie 
"  Counties  if  Middlesex,  Essex,  and  Hertfordshire, 
"  (9.)  Speech  in  Pari.  25  of  Jan.  against  the 
"  JBishop''s  Cltarge,  hastning  their  Tryal.  (10.) 
"  Speech  in  Pari.  17  March,  wherein  is  expressed 
"  his  (Pyni's)  Zeal,  and  real  Affection  to  the  public 
"  Good,  &c.  (11.)  Conference  in  Pari,  with  Mr. 
"  Solicitor  ('\.  e.  Oliv.  S.  John),  (12.)  Speech 
"  concerning  the  Liberties  of  Parliament,  &c.  (13.) 
"  Speech  or  Declaration  to  the  Lords  of  tlie  upper 
"  House,  upon  the  Delivery  of  tlie  Articles  of  the 
"  Commons  assembled  'in  Pari,  against  Will.  Laud 
"  Archb.  of  Cant.  These  13  sj>eeches  before-men- 
"  tion^d  were  spoken  in  1641,  and  printed  in  the 
"  same  year  in  qu. 

"  Other  .speeches,  as  (1.)  Speech  in  Pari,  con- 
"  cerning  evil  Counsellors  about  his  Majesty,  &c. 
"  (2.)  Speech  at  a  Conference  of  both  Houses,  oc- 
"  casioiCd  from  divers  Instructions  resolv''d  upon 
"  by  the  House  of  Commons,  8tc.  ditcover'nig  tlie 
"  Dangers  and  M'lseries  the  three  Kingdoms  are 
"  Viable  unto,  by  reoJion  of  his  Majestys  evil  Coun- 
"  sellors,  &c.  (3.)  Speech  in  Reply  to  his  Majestys 
"  Answer  to  the  City  of  London's  Petition,  sent 
"from  his  Majesty  by  Capt.  Hearne,  read  at  a 
"  Common  Hall  13  Jaii.  At  the  same  time  Edw. 
*'  earl  of  Manchester  spoke  a  speech  to  the  same 
"  effect.  (4.)  Speech  concenmig  Liberty  qfPar- 
"  liament,  Religion,  and  Civil  Government.  These 
"  four  speeches  before-mention''d  were  sjxiken  in 
"  1642,  and  printed  all  in  qu.  the  same  year. 

"  Other  speeches,  as  (1.)  Speech  at  a  Common 
"  Hall,  containing  a  D'lscovery  of  the  great  Plot 
"for  tlie  utter  Ruin  of  the  City  of  London,  spoken 
"  on  Thursday  8  June.  (2.)  Speech  at  a  Common 
"  Hall,  at  the  reading  of  a  Proclamation  from 
"  the  King,  28  July.  (3.)  Speech  ccmta'ining  a 
"  Remonstrance  or  Declaration  concerning  the 
"  Grievances  of  the  Kingdom,  delivered  in  Parlia- 
"  nunt.  These  3  speeches  before-mention'd  were 
"  spoken  in  1643,  and  printed  in  quarto  papers  the 
"  same  year.  There  is  also  published  under  his  name, 

"  His  Vindication  from  the  Aspersions  of  Ma- 
"  Ugnants.     Lond.  1643.  qu.     And, 

"  Tlic KingdonCs  Man'festation,  &c.  Lond.  1643, 
"  and  other  things,  which  I  have  not  yet  seen.  At 
"  length  this  busy  man  Jo.  Pym,  was,  in  the  height 
"  of  his  actions,  and  eager  pursuit  of  his  desire  to 
"  carry  on  the  most  wicked  and  unparallePd  rebel- 
"  lion,  taken  out,  and  suddenly  cut  off  from  this 
"  world,  to  receive  his  reward  in  another,  on  the 
"  8th  day  of  December  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  Kj^g. 
"  and  three,  and  was  buried  on  the  15tli  of  the 
"  same  month  in  the  abbey  church  of  St.  Peter  in 
"  Westminster,  in  the  void  space  or  passage  as  you 
"  go  to  the  chap,  of  K.  Hen.  7.  At  which  time 
"  Steph.  Marslial  bach,  of  divinity, '  minister  of 

3  [Stcph.  Marshal  col.  Enian.  conv.  2.  admi'sus  in  maiti- 
culaiii  acad.  Cant.  Apr.  1,  l0l5.   Reg.  Hid.     Baker.] 



"  Finchingfield  in  Essex,  and  archfliimcn  of  the  re- 
"  bellious  rout,  preachetl  a  sermon  on  so  lamentable 
"  a  thcam,  tliat  he  said,  he  wondrcd  why  all  faces 
"  did  not  gather  blackness  at  it.  He  conij)ared 
"  Pym  to  John  the  Baptist,  for  that  he  was  taken 
"  away  violently,  after  but  two  or  three  years  work- 
"  ing ;  adding,  he  was  a  man  whom  God  went 
"  about  to  bribe,  &c.  The  title  of  his  sermon, 
"  which  is  printed,  is  Tlie  Church's  Lamentation 
'^'■for  tlie  good  Mail's  Loss,  on  Micah  7.  1,  2. 
"  Printed  at  Lond.  in  qu.  an.  1644.  [Bodl.  4to.  B. 
"  3.  2.  Line]  Before  which  is  the  picture  of  Jo. 
"  Pym,*  and  nag.  21,  22,  &c.  are  filled  with  matters 
"  relating  to  nis  honour,  &c.  He  stiles  him  '  amor 
"  &  deliciae  generis  humani,'  &c.  The  writers  of 
"  that  time  who  were  of  Pym's  persuasion  say,  that 

"  he  died  like  in  the  Mount that  he  died 

"  in  a  good  old  age  like  Jacob  in  Egypt ;  but  the 
"  Royalists  said,  not  like  Jacob,  but  just  as  those 

"  who  died  in  Egypt  in  the  days  of  Pharaoh. 

"  Mercurius  Britannicus  alias  March. Nedham  hath* 
"  bestowed  an  elegy  on  him,  the  best  for  ought  that 
"  I  know  he  ever  made,  and  Mr.  Rich.  Baxter  hath 
[39]  "  in  his  Saints  everlastinff  Rest,  transfer'd  his  soul 
"  and  that  of  Jo.  Hamclen  into  heaven :  But  all 
"  impartial  men  have  held  (let  those  of  Pym's  per- 
"  suasion  say  what  they  please)  that  he  the  said 
"  Pym  was  the  author  of  much  blood.shed,  and 
"  those  many  calamities  under  which  the  kingdom 
"  several  years  after  groaned,  and  therefore  he  de- 
"  serv'd  not  only  to  have  his  death  with  the  trans- 
"  gressors  and  wicked,  but  to  be  buried  with  the 
"  burial  of  an  ass,  drawn  and  cast  forth  beyond  the 
"  gates  of  the  city.  An  author  of  note  tells  ^  us, 
"  that  it  was  believed  that  the  multitude  of  business 
"  and  cares  did  so  break  his  spirits  and  health,  that 
"  it  brought  his  death.  And  Steph.  Marshall  in 
"  his  sermon  beforc-mentionM  saith,  that  he  died  of 
"  an  imposthume  in  his  bowels,  and  not  raving 
"  mad,  nor  of  a  loathsome  disease,  as  eight  doctors 
"  of  physic,  and  well  near  a  thousand  people  who 
"  came  to  see  his  corps  open'd,  and  his  corps  bare, 
"  can  testify.  But  certam  it  is,  if  the  generality  of 
"  authors  may  be  believed,  (among  which  are  some 
"  very  impartial,  and  rather  inclined  to  Pym's  per- 
"  suasion  than  otherwise)  that  he  died  chiefly  ofthe 
:  "  Herodian  Visitation,''  which  was  looked  upon  as 

"  a  just  judgment  for  what  he  had  done  against  his 
"  king  and  his  country.  So  that  if  it  be  true,  (for 
"  I  myself  will  not  judge  ofthe  matter)  the  wonder 

*  [From  a  pictute  by  Eil.  Bower,  engraved  by  G.G.  (Glo- 
ver).    Under  it  are  the  following  lines  : 

Reade  in  this  image  him,  whose  dearest  blood 
Hee  thought  noe  price  to  buy  his  countries  good  ; 
Whose  name  shall  flourish  till  the  blast  of  ffame 
Shall  want  a  trumpet,  or  true  worth  a  name.] 

*  "  In  Merc.  Briian.  numb.  16."  ' 

"  "  Bulstr.  Whitlock,  in  his  Memorials  qf  English  jlffairs, 
"  &c.  under  the  year  l643,  p.  66.  a." 
'  [V\z.  morlus  pediculosus.'] 

'  to  me  is  great,  why  his  body,  which  wa.s  l)uried 
'  among  the  a.shes  of  kings,  princes,  and  nobles, 
'  was  not  taken  up  on  the  I2th  or  14th  of  Sept. 
'  1661,  when  then,  aca)rding  to  his  majesty's  ex- 
'  press  pleasure  and  command,  were  20  (xxlie8, 
'  such  that  had  Iwcn  buried  in  S.  Peter's  church  in 
'  Westminster,  between  tlie  years  1642  and  1660, 
'  taken  up,  and  all  (except  tnat  of  col.  Edw.  Pop. 
'  ham)  buried  in  a  large  pit  in  the  parish  churcn- 
'  yard  of  S.  Margaret  in  the  said  city  of  West- 
minster, as  I  have  several  times  elsewhere  told 

[Certain  sekct  Observations  on  tlie  several  Offices 
and  Officers  in  the  Militia  of  England ;  with  the 
Power  (yf'the  Parliament  to  raise  the  same,  as  tltey 
shall  judge  expedient,  &c.  1641.  Printed  in  the 
Harleian  Miscellany,  vi.  300.  edit.  Park. 

In  the  Illustrious  Heads  is  a  portrait  of  Pym  by 
Houbraken,  from  a  picture  in  the  posges.sion  of 
Thomas  Hales,  Es<j.  but  I  am  apt  to  prefer  that 
already  noticed  by  Glover  from  Bower.  Granger 
mentions  one  M'hich  he  calls  '  .scarce  and  curious  of 
him,  in  a  fur  gown,  inscribed  Maistre  Pin,  Sec.  but 
which  I  never  yet  met  with. 

His  character  has  been  drawn  by  lord  Clarendon  • 
in  his  History,  which,  as  it  is  in  every  person'.s 
hands,  and  as  I  have  had,  and  shall  have  occasion 
to  quote  it  continually,  1  shall  here  content  myself 
with  referring  to,  and  the  rather,  in  order  that  I 
may  have  the  more  room  for  the  insertion  of  a  cu- 
rious document  on  the  subject  of  Pym's  death, 
already  so  pointedly  alluded  to  by  my  author.  I 
cannot  but  preface  it  with  an  opinion  that  there  was 
no  foundation  whatever  for  the  then  common  report 
of  this  man's  malady,  which,  even  had  it  been  the 
case,  would  have  inflicted  no  stigma  on  his  memory, 
for  it  was  a  visitation  to  which,  under  Providence, 
the  best  as  well  as  the  vilest  of  mankind  are  subject. 
However,  as  it  was  the  great  object  of  my  predeces- 
sor, so  it  is  my  earnest  and  constant  endeavour  to 
get  at,  and  divulge  the  truth,  and  with  this  view  I 
now  offer  the  following  very  conclusive  evidence  on 
the  subject. 

'  A  Narrative  of  the  Disease  and  Death  of  that 
noble  Gentleman  John  Pym  esquire  late  a  Member 
of  tlie  honourable  House  of  Commons.  Attested 
under  the  Hands  of  his  Physicians,  Chyrurgions 
and  ApotJiecary. 

'  For  as  much  as  there  are  divers  uncertaine  re- 
ports and  false  suggestions  spred  abroad,  touching 
the  disease  and  deatli  of  that  noble  gentleman  John 
Pym  esquire,  late  a  member  of  the  honourable 
house  of  commons,  it  is  thought  fit  (for  the  unde- 
ceiving of  some,  and  prevention  of  misconstructions 

'  [After  all.  Granger  has  summed  up,  in  a  very  few  words, 
the  actual  character  of  Pym. — '  His  intent  was  to  reform, 
not  to  abolish  the  government ;  but  he  was  a  principal  en- 
gine in  bringing  about  a  revolution  which  he  never  intended, 
and  which  ne  did  not  live  to  see.'  Biographical  Hist- of 
England,  ii.  212.] 





and  siispitions  in  others)  to  manifest  to  those  who 
desite  information,  the  true  cause  of  his  lingring 
^easataiKi  death,  as  it  wns  discovered  (while  lie 
Bred)  by  his  physitians,  and  mimifested  to  tlie  view 
both  of  them  and  many  others  that  were  i)resent  at 
the  dissection  of  his  Ixidie  after  his  death.  For  the 
skinne  of  his  bodie,  it  was  wtliout  so  much  as  any 
roughnes,  scarr  or  scab;  neitlier  was  there  any  breach 
either  of  the  scarfe  or  true  skin,  much  lesse  any 
phthirUisis  or  lousie  disease,  as  was  rejxirted.  And 
as  tor  tliat  suggestion  of  his  being  poysoned,  there 
appeai-ed  to  the  pliysitians  no  signe  thereof  upo  the 
View  of  his  body ;  neither  was  there  any  exhorbitant 
symntomc  (while  lie  lived)  either  in  his  animal!, 
vitafl,  or  naturall  parts ;  for  he  had  his  intellectuals 
and  senses  very  entire  to  the  last,  and  his  sleep  for 
the  most  jiart  very  sufficient  and  quiet :  as  for  tlie 
vitall  parts,  they  were  all  found  very  sound  and 
(while  he  lived)  they  were  ptrfect  in  their  actions 
and  uses.  And  a.s  tor  the  naturall  parts  contained 
in  the  lower  belly,  they  did  not  otherwise  suffer  then 
from  that  large  imposthume  that  was  there  con- 
tained, the  stomack  being  smooth  and  faire  in  all  its 
coates,  the  substance  of  the  liver  and  kidnies  good 
enough,  onely  much   altered   in  their  colour,  the 

3)leen  fair,  but  little.  But  the  most  ignoble  part  of 
lis  lower  belly,  the  mesentry  was  found_/5/wdi  cala- 
mttas,  the  shop  wherin  the  instrument  of  his  disso- 
lution was  forged,  there  being  a  large  abcesse  or  im- 
posthume which  wrought  it  selfe  to  such  a  bulke,  as 
was  easily  discovered  by  the  outward  touch  of  his 
ihysitians  at  the  bea^nning  of  his  complaining,  and 
id  increase  to  that  capacity,  as  (being  opened)  it 
did  receive  a  hand  contracted,  and  in  it's  growth 
did  so  oppressc  the  gall  and  stop  ifs  vessels,  as  oc- 
casioned the  jaundise.  Beside  this  abcesse  (bj  the 
matter  contained  in  it)  did  so  offend  the  parts  adja- 
cent, a«  most  of  them  suffered  by  its  vicinity,  yet 
without  any  such  turbulent  symptome,  as  did  at  any 
time  cause  him  to  complaine  of  paine,  being  sensible 
only  of  some  upon  the  touch  of  the  region 
of  the  part  affected,  and  from  its  va}X)urs  the  sto- 
mack suffered  a  continual!  inappetency  and  frequent 
nauseousnes,  and  it  did  so  deprave  and  hinder  the 
concoction,  distribution  and  perfection  of  nourish- 
ment, as  it  produced  an  atrophy  or  falUng  of  the 
flesh.  So  that  inappetency,  faintnesse  and  nau- 
seousnesse  were  the  great  complaints  he  usually 
made.     At  last  after  a  long  languishment,  this  im- 

Ssture  breaking,  he  often  fainted,  and  soone  after 
lowed   his  dissolution,  December   the  8,   1643, 
about  7  a  clocke  at  night. 

Attested  by  the  physitians  that  attended  him  in 
his  sicknes, 

Sir  Theodoe  Mayern, 

Dr.  Cleek, 

„    ,,  f  President  of  the  Colledge  of 

Dr.MEVEEELL,    I      Physitians.  ^ 


tiiat  were  present  at  the 
"  ssection  of  his  botly 
(together  witli  two  of 
those  above  mentioned) 


Dr.  GiFFORD, 

Dr.  Ml(  KLKTHWAIl 

Dr.  Moulin, 

Dr.  CoM.ADE. 
And  Cliyrurgions 

Thomas  Allen,  and 

Henry  Axtall,  his  servant. 

John  Chapman,  servant  to  William  Taylor.' 

The  curious  reader  is  here  presented  with  tlie 
whole  of  this  tract,  from  Bodl.  4to.  E.  3.  Jur.] 

[HENRY  CLIFFORD  only  son  of  Francis 
Chffbrd,  fourth  earl  of  Cumlierland,  by  Grisold, 
daughter  of  Thomas  Hughes  of  Uxbridge,  in 
MitUllesex,  esq.  and  widow  of  Edward  Nevill,  lord 
Bergavenny,'  was  lioni  at  Londesliorough,  in  Fe- 
bruary 1591 . '  He  enterc-d,  as  a  nobleman,  at  Christ 
Church  January  30,  1606,'  and  after  spending  two 
years  in  the  prosecution  of  his  studies,  took  the 
degree  of  bachelor  of  arts,  February  16,  1608.  In 
1610,  July  25,  he  married  the  lady  Frances  Cecil, 
daughter  of  Robert  earl  of  Salisbury,  and,  as  was 
the  custom,  immediately  proceeded  <m  his  travels 
through  France  and  Italy,  where  we  find  him  in 
the  latter  end  of  1611.'  He  returned  in  the  follow- 
ing year,  in  order  to  be  present  at  the  marriage  of 
the  earl  of  Essex  with  lady  Frances  Howard,  where, 
by  the  express  command  of  the  king,  he  was  ap- 
pointed to  j)erfi)rm  in  the  sports  usual  at  those 
jiublic  spectacles.'  He  seems  very  early  to  have 
retired  from  public  life,  and  to  have  devoted  his 
time  to  the  management  of  his  father's  property,  and 
to  the  jierformance  of  his  own  duties  as  a  husband 
and  a  parent.  In  1640  he  succeeded  to  the  title, 
and  was  constituted  lord  lieutenant  of  the  west 
riding  of  the  county  of  York.  In  the  unfortunate 
civil  dissensions  that  followed,  the  earl  of  Cumber- 
land distinguished  himself  more  by  his  fidelity  to 
the  king's  cause,  than  by  his  activity  or  skill.  He  was 
indeed  apix)inted  to  the  chief  command  of  York, 
with  power  to  raise  men  and  money ; '  but  conscious 
of  his  inexperience,  and  feeling  incompetent  to  so 
important  a  trust,  he  willingly  resigned  in  favour 
of  the  earl  of  Newcastle.* 

He  died  of  a  violent  fever  at  one  of  the  prelien- 
dary's  houses  in  York,  December  11, 1643,  and  his^ 
interment  is  thus  recorded  in  the  parish  register  of 
Skipton  :  '  1643,  Dec.    The  last  of  this  month  was 

'  [Diigdalc's  Baronage,  i,  346.] 

'  [r,  D.  Whitakcr's  Hist,  and  Aniiq.  of  the  Deanery  of 
Craven,  Lond.  1805,  4l().  page  252.] 

^  [/frg.  Mutric.  Acad.  Oxon.  not.  P.] 

'   [Hist,  of  Craven,  p.  258.] 

*  [Ibid.  p.  25();  where  is  a  letier  from  the  lord  viscount 
Rochester,  advising  him  not  to  absent  liimself  on  the  occa- 
sion, as,  says  he,  '  the  king  will  by  no  meanes  dis])ense  with 
your  runnin^e  at  lilt.'] 

•■  [Lord  Clarendon,  Hist,  of  ihe Rebellion,  Vi.  107.] 

6  [Sir  Philip  Warwick's  Memoires  ofK.  Charlei  1,  1701, 
page  235.] 



interred  in  tlic  valtc  in  the  cliurcli  at  Ski])ton,  Henry 
earle  of  Cumberland,  lord  of  West'd,  Td  Vijxjnte 
and  Vessey,  Aitoune  and  Bromflcet,  and  Td  of  the 
honor  of  Skipton  in  Craven.  Many  soldiers  slain 
at  this  time.' ' 

The  earl  left  one  only  surviving  daughter,  Eliza- 
beth, married  to  the  earl  of  Cork.  He  had  also 
other  children ;  Francis  lx)rn  and  baptized  July  % 
1618,"  Charles  and  Henry,  all  of  whom  diecl 

It  IS  useless  to  say  any  thing  on  the  character  of 
this  nobleman,  which  seems  to  have  been  honestly 
enough  drawn  by  lord  Clarendon  ;  '  '  The  earl  of 
Cumberland  was  a  man  of  great  honour  and  inte- 
grity, who  had  all  his  estate  m  that  country,  (York- 
shire) and  had  lived  most  amongst  them,  with  very 
much  acceptation  and  affection  from  the  gentlemen 
and  the  common  people ;  but  he  was  not  in  any 
degree  active,  or  of  a  martial  temper ;  and  rather  a 
man  more  like  not  to  have  any  enemies,  than  to 
oblige  any  to  be  firmly  and  resolutely  his  friends,  or 
to  pursue  his  interests — in  a  word  he  was  a  man  of 
honour,  and  popular  enough  in  peace,l)ut  not  endued 
with  those  parts,  which  were  necessary  for  such  a 
season.'  To  this  we  may  add  the  countess  of  Pem- 
broke's portrait  of  her  ancestor.  '  He  was  endued 
with  a  good  natural  wit,  was  a  tall  and  proper  man, 
a  good  courtier,  a  brave  horseman,  an  excellent 
huntsman  ;  had  good  skill  in  architecture  and  ma- 
thematics, and  was  much  favoured  by  king  James 
and  king  Charles.' 

The  claim  of  this  fifth  and  last  earl  of  Cumber- 
land *  to  a  place  in  these  Athen.e  is  founded  on  a 
MS.  in  the  Bodleian  hbrary,  which,  had  it  been 

'>  [Whitaker's  Hist,  of  Craven,  page  2.i2.  The  hislorian 
of  Craven  coiijeciures,  with  much  probability,  that,  from 
the  last  words  of  this  entry,  the  church  and  town  were  in 
possession  of  the  opposite  party,  and  that  the  noble  earl's  ad- 
nerents  were  compelled  to  obtain  the  riles  of  sepulture  for 
their  lord  by  lorce  of  arms.] 

*  [Parish  register  of  Londsbiirou^h,  communicaled  to  nie 
by  the  rev.  Joseph  Hiiiiier  of  Baih.J 

'  [In  the  church  of  Skipton  is  the  following  simple  and 
pathetic  inscription  : 

Henricus  paler  deflet 





■  THiil.  o/Rehellion,  i.  5.^5.] 

*  [Henry  Clifford,  second  earl  of  Cumberland,  has  been 
briefly  noticed  by  Walpole  as  the  writer  of  Some  Verses  on 
his  Father's  presenting  a  Treatise  of  Natural  Philosophy,  in 
old  Trench,  to  the  Priory  of  Bolton,  which,  with  the  book 
itself,  were  in  Thoresbv's  museum  at  Leeds.  I  do  not  know 
that  it  has  ever  been  remarked  that  his  son  George,  the  third 
earl,  was  also  a  poet,  but  he  may  be  rep;istered  in  this  note  on 
the  authority  of  Robert  Doulaiid  the  author  of  A  Musicalt 
Banqvet,  folio  Lond.  I6l0,  who  has  preserved  a  song  which 
he  declares  to  have  been  written  by  this  nobleman. 

My  heauie  sprite,  opprcsl  with  sorrowes  might. 

Of  wearied  limbs  the  burthen  soare  sustaines ; 

With  silent  prunes,  and  hart's  teares  still  complaines  : 
Yet  I  breath  still  and  liue  in  life's  despight. 

Haue  I  loiJt  thee?  All  fortunes  1  accurse 

Vol.  III. 

known  to  Wood,  or  lord  Orft)rd,  or  iiis  ingcniou.i 
editor  Mr.  Park,  would  have  prevented  my  having 
the  satisfaction  of  intnxlucing  this  nobleman  as  an 
author  for  the  first  time.  It  was  iKtpieatlied  to  the 
library  by  Dr.  Rich,  llawlinson,  anti  is  entitled 

Poetical!  Trandiitums  of  Hwnc  Psalrnes  and  tJie 
Sung  of  Sohvum,  with  other  Divine  Poi-nui,  By 
that  noble  and  religious  Soulc  noiv  nainted  in 
Heauen,  The  Right  honorubk  Hennj  Earle  qf 
Cumberland,  Lord  Clifford,  Vipount,  Brumflet  and 
Venseij,  Lord  of  Wentmorland  and  of  the  Honor  of 
Skipton.  MS.  in  4to  containing  38  leaves.  This 

1.  P.ialms  1,  8,  35, 38,  51,  65,  73,  93, 103, 104, 
107,  113,  114, 121,  125, 131 :  Of  psalm  121,  there 
are  two  versions,  one  '  turned  into  verse  for  my 
daughter  Duiigarvan  now  toith  child.'' ' 

2.  Dauid's  Lamentation  ouer  Saui  and  Jonathan; 
2  Sam.  1.  19. 

3.  The  Strng  of  Salomon  in  meeter.  In  8 

4.  An  Hi^toricall  Meditation  vpon  the  Birth, 
Life,  Passion,  Resurrection  and  Ascension  of  Christ. 

5.  Meditations  vpon  tfte  Holy  Dayes  (four  Ca- 

Of  these  I  select  the  38th  psalm. 

Lord  !  chide  me  not  in  the  tempestuous  day 

Of  thy  fierce  wrath  :  o  !  cast  me  not  away 

In  thy  displeasure,  least  I  fall  at  once ! 

Thy  galling  shafts  lye  quiuered  in  my  bones : 

Prest  by  thy  heauy  hand  I  ga.spe  for  breath ; 

Thine  anger  breeds  diseases  more  than  death  : 

My  flesh  is  mangled,  and  my  Ixmes  within 

Consume  and  melt,  for  anguish  of  my  sinnc. 

My  crying  sinns  aboue  my  head  apjieare, 

(Too  heavy  a  weight,  alas !  for  me  to  beare) 

My  mortall  wounds  gangrene  and  putrifie, 

And  all  because  I  haue  done  foolishly  ! 

Such  misery  and  trouble  I  endure 

As  all  day  long  I  beg,  and  find  no  cure. 

Lord  !  thou  hast  heard  the  ground  of  my  complaint. 

And  while  I  prayed  thine  eyes  have  seen  me  faint ; 

Bids  thee  firewcll,  with  thee  all  ioyes  fare-welt, 
And  fur  thy  j-ake  this  ivorKl  becomes  ray  hell. 

Though  this  has  been  carcfidly  transcribed  from  the  printed 
vol,  it  is  very  evident  that  one  line  has  been  omitted.] 

'  [I  Vp  to  the  hilN  I  lift  mine  eyes 
from  whence  my  helpe  doth  rise  ; 

2  Even  from  the  Lord  niy  succour  came,   • 

who  Heaven  and  Karth  did  frame. 

3  Thy  foot  vnmoued  he  shall  keepe, 

Nor  shall  thy  keeper  sleepe 

4  Behoald  who  Isr  lell  doth  keei>e, 

nor  slumber  will  nor  sleepe. 
b  The  Lord  himiieirs  thy  keeiier,  and 

the  strength  of  thy  right  nand; 
d  The  sunn  shall  not  burne  thee  at  noone, 

neither  by  night  ye  nioone  ; 
7  He  shall  preserve  thy  soule  from  ill, 

thy  soulc  preseruing  still. 
Ct)me  in  or  goe  thou  out  of  doore. 

Henceforth  for  ciiermore.] 





My  heart  to  beate,  and  all  my  slri-iifrtli  ([uitc  gone; 

Mine  eyes  (with  weeping)  blind  as  any  stone  : 

My  friends,  my  neigiibours,  kinred,  stand  at  gaze 

While  I  in  fires  of  persecution  blaze ; 

And  those  that  sought  my  life,  in  ambush  lay 

Cursing  and  lying,  railing  all  the  day. 

But  I  was  stupid  as  the  ueafe  and  dumb. 

From  whose  shut  doors  no  sharp  reprix>fes  do  come ! 

And  yet  I  hope,  though  I  thus  silent  be, 

Thou  Lord  wilt  plague  and  answer  them  for  me. 

Ijord,  I  have  praid  that  this  malitious  traine 

May  never  flowte  me  (in  thine  anger  slaine) 

Tliose,  those  I  meane,  that  were  delighted  all 

To  see  me  slip,  and  hope  to  see  me  fall. 

But  o  my  sinne  that  now  tormenteth  more 

My  Soule,  then  all  the  paines  my  l)ody  boare, 

And  now  stands  staring  in  my  blushing  face ; 

But  Lord  I  will  confess  and  beg  for  grace. 

And  yet  n)y  haters  live  in  height  and  power, 

Not  to  bee  numbred,  that  would  me  devoure; 

All  those  that  for  my  good  repaid  me  ill 

Detest  me  more,  submitted  to  thy  will. 

Lord  !  leave  me  not,  but  make  me  thine  abode : 

Oh  haste  to  helpe,  my  Saviour,  oh  my  God  ! 

I  shall  conclude  this  article  with  two  of  his  lord- 
ship's original  compositions,  from  his  Meditations 
Vfxm  tfie  Holydayes : 

Christmas  Day. 
Time's  fuUnes  come,  a  spottlcs  virgin  beares 
Her  maker  and  the  world's,  soe  long  foretold  ; 
Great  God  himsclfe  abaseth,  man  vp  reares 
Himselfe,  and  doth  frailc  flesh  with  God  infold 
Soe  God's  deare  sonn  bccoms  a  woman's  child 
And  God  to  man,  man  to  God  's  reconcil'd. 

Saint  Stephens. 
Haile  !  thou  first  sacrifice,  in  martyr's  roale. 
Of  cursed  wrath  and  malice  envious  ! 
See  heaven  wide  open  to  receive  thy  soule, 
And  Christ  proclaiming  thee  victorious ! 
Each  stone  tney  threw  is  made  a  gemme  to  fit 
Th'  eternall  crowne  that  on  thy  head  shall  sit.] 

THOMAS  MASTER,  son  of  Will.  Master 
rector  of  Cote  near  to  a  market  tovm  calTd  Ciren- 
cester .  in  Gloucestershire,  was  Iwrn  at  Cote,  but 
descended  from  the  genteel  family  of  the  Masters 
living  in  the  said  town  of  Cirencester,  initiated  in 
grammar  learning  by  Mr.  Henry  Topp,*  a  noted 

*  [In  a  preceding  life,  that  of  Cartwright,  col.  69,  Wood 
has  called  him  Mr.  William  Topp,  but  by  mistake.  To  pre- 
vent future  confusion  on  this  point,  trifling  as  it  is,  I  applied 
at  Cirencester  for  information,  and  I  nm  oblige<l  to  Mr.  James 
Grooby,  the  present  master  of  tlie  school,  for  removing  all 
doubton  the  subject.  Accordinglotheregister  of  Cirencester, 
Henry  Topp  clerk,  the  master  of  the  school,  was  buried  De- 
cember 10,  1C6G;  having  lived  to  be  reinstated  in  his  situa- 
tion. He  had  by  his  wife  Elizabeth,  (who  was  buried  Feb. 
27,  l642,)  a  son,  Henry  Topp,  married  to  Jane  Triiuler, 
March  27,  l642,  3.    Their  issue  seems  to  have  been  one 

master  of  that  plai-e,  afterward  ripene<l  for  the  uni- 
versity in  Wykeham's  scluxil  near  Winchester, 
admitted  perpetual  fellow  of  New  coll.  after  he  had 
served  two  years  of  probation,  an.  1624,  took  the 
degrees  in  arts,  that  of  master  being  compleated 
1629,  holy  orders,  and  at  length  in  1640  was  ad- 
mitted to  the  reading  of  the  sentences.  At  which 
time  he  was  arrived  to  great  learning,  was  esteemed 
a  vast  scholar,  a  general  artist  and  linguist,  a  noted 
poet,  and  a  most  florid  preacher.  He  hath  written, 
Mcnsu  hibrica  Montg-om.  illustriss.  Domino,  D. 
Edwardo  Baroni  de  Cherbury.  Oxon.  1658.  qu. 
second  edit.  [Bodl.  4to.  J.  12.  Art.]  the  first  having 
been  printed  on  one  side  of  a  large  sheet  of  paper.* 
'Tis  a  poem  written  in  Lat.  and  Engl,  describing 
the  game  call'd  shovel-board  play,^  published  with 

son,  Henry,  who  died,  under  twelve  months  old,  in   l645. 
Henry  Topp,  the  son  of  the  schoolmaster,  died  also  before 
his  father,  and  was  buried  Jan.  7,  l6f)4.] 
*  [In  1641.  Wan  LEY.] 

«  {The  Shovel-Board  Table  turn'd. 
The  rouzh  oak  plaiu'd,  |)olish'd  and  glaz'd  all  o're 
And  table  like,  with  antick  pillars  bore 
To  keep  the  campaigne  sieddie,  that  it  might 
Be  levell  as  the  rule  is  to  the  sight ; 
Here,  when  to  mitiicaie  severer  care. 
Some  in-doore  recreation  most  repaire 
The  wasted  spirit'. ;  those  who  have  dext'rous  skill 
Let  flie  their  coin  like  silver,  whicii  does  trill 
In  various  oider'd  coorse>,  and  create 
Contentions  ;  such,  as  when  they  celebrate 
Bacchus  his  feasts  the  sacrificing  jear ; 
You'd  think  the  Romanc  circus  now  was  here  : 
And  as  their  painted  chariots  did  divide 
This  and  that  faction,  each  one  his  owne  side 
Admiring  and  applauding  ;  thus  there  are 
Small  plates  of  differing  stamps  which  in  this  warre 
Make  diflTerinji  parlies  :   hence,  this  done,  a  shout 
Proclaimes  the  battle,  th' ecchoing  hall  throughout; 
And,  though  there's  partiality  in  each  vote, 
Yet  here's  no  bawling,  no  harsh  sounding  note. 
He  who  begins  the  strife,  does  first  compose 
His  fingers  like  a  purse's  mouth,  which  showes 
A  shilling  in  the  lips,  and  then  the  length 
Being  exactly  weigh'd,  (not  with  bruit  strenght) 
But  with  advised,  wary  force,  his  hand 
Shootes  the  flat  bullets  forth  ;  it  doth  not  stand 
With  art  to  use  much  violence  ;  for  so 
They  slip  aside  the  measur'd  race,  or  goe 
Into  the  swallowing  pit,  which  waites  upon 
Excessive  rashnesse,  as  the  grave  has  done 
On  each  extrcam  disease  ;  and  if  once  there 
There's  no  returne,  no  more  than  from  the  biere. 
There  every  piece  must  suffer  the  like  fate, 
Be't  clown  or  gentleman,  be't  lead  or  plate. 
But  if  the  fear  of  this  should  make  him  throw 
Short  of  the  mark  (as  some  will  crab-like  goe 
Lest  they  should  run  to  farre)  Then  there  is  past 
Censure  and  shame  on  the  abortive  cast. 
Hee's  laughed  at  as  a  racer  in  a  bogge  ; 
The  lead  once  call'd  a  pig,  is  now  turn'd  hogge. 
There  is  a  line  which  must  be  cut  bei'bre 
He  can  arrive  at  the  desired  shore  : 
Nor  is  't  enough  barely  to  come  to  land, 
He  cowardly  invades,  that  sticks  i'  th'  sand, 
And  dares  not  enter  castles  ;  he  alone 
Deserves  applause  and  glory,  who  is  gone 




Sir  Henry  Savile's  Oratimi  to  Queen  Elizabeth, 
by  Mr.  Tho.  Barlow  of  Queen's  coll.  in  Oxon.  an. 
1658,  printed  there  again  in  Decemb.  1690,  in  half 
a  sheet  in  qu.  [Wcxxi's  study  numb.  416,  5.'] 

M«Kor^oipixdtijnjv  ra  Xpirs"  s'a.vfiunnv.  This  Greek 
poem,  which  is  printed  mth  Mensa  lubrica,  was 
made  by  him  on  the  passion  of  Christ,  19  Apr. 
1633,  rendred  into  excellent  Lat.  verse  by  Hen. 
Jacob  of  Merton  coll.  and  into  English  by  Abr. 
Cowley,  the  prince  of  poets  of  his  time :  which  Lat. 
and  Engl,  copies  are  printed  with  the  Greek.  Oxon. 
1658.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  J.  12.  Art.] 

Moiiarchia  Britannica  sub  Auspiciis  EUzabethce 
&:  Jacobi,  in  Oratione  guam  pro  More  habuit  in 
Capella  Coll.  NoviQKal.  Apr.  1642.  Oxon.  1661. 
qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  C.  13.  8.  Line]  1681.  oct.  [Bodl. 
8vo.  W.  47.  Art.]  publishetl  by  his  friend  and  ac- 
quaintance Job.  Lamphire  doct.  of  phys.  sometimes 
fellow  of  New  coll.  afterwards  Cambden's  prof,  of 

Iter  Boreale :  Oxon.  1675,  in  two  sheets  and  an 
half  in  qu.  written  in  prose  and  verse,  and  dedicated 
to  his  father  Will.  Master  before-mention'd,  25  Sept. 
1637,  published  by  George  Ent  of  the  Middle- 
Temple,*  son  and  heir  of  sir  George  Ent,  knight. 

Boldly  10  charge  the  front,  conceiving  still 

Not  to  be  best  is  but  the  same  with  ill. 

Him,  him  the  frighted  enemies  envie. 

Casting  a  side-long  many  a  spitefuU  eye, 

While  they  all  big  with  emulation  swell. 

And  strive  his  towring  valour  to  excell. 

Mean  while  his  faithfull  seconds  (with  th'expence 

Of  what  themselves  might  gain)  keep,  barr  and  fence 

His  meritorious  fame  ;  'tis  some  renown 

When  once  'tis  got,  thus  to  preserve  the  crown. 

And  now,  the  fight  being  hot,  even  in  this  warre. 

Fortune,  art,  virtue,  fraud,  all  mingled  are; 

Es|>ecially,  when  one  with  skillfull  care 

Has  stealingly  crept  up  into  the  spheare 

Where  double  honour  dwells:  who  did  begin 

Single,  by  this  brave  act  becomes  a  twin. 

But  he,  whose  virtues  i'  th'  cxtreame,  and  scornes 

To  be  "niongsl  any  souldiers  but  forlornes  ; 

He  who  djrcs  hang  o're  death,  and  no  way  dre.ids 

The  gaping  gra\e,  but  with  pois'd  valour  beds 

Himself  i'  th'  vciy  brink  of  ruinc,  and 

Dang'rously  high  doth  even  falling  stand. 

He,  he  the  triple  crown  doth  win  and  wear. 

And  if  his  pope-ship  all  assaults  can  hear. 

And  sit  his  hollow  chaire,  so  that  no  eye 

Bewailes  his  downfall  ;  then  unto  the  skle 

His  prai^e  resounds  ;  his  parly  paeans  sing. 

And  victry  claps  him  with  her  whitest  wing 

Thus  one,  translator  turn'd  at  your  command. 

Chooses  to  shew  his  ruder  gobling  hand 

Rather  then  disobedience  :  so  that  here 

Nothing  but  plain  dull  duly  doth  appear. 

While  the  more  noble  Latm's  vndress'd  pride 

Lookes  like  the  Table  turndon  the  wrong  side. 

A  poet,  that  could  gamesters  humours  hit. 

Might  on  each  passage  play,  and  shovel  wit. 

But  here  for  me  'tis  glory  not  t'excell 

When  it  had  been  but  idlenesse  to  doe  well.] 

'  [Wood  says,  in  a  MS.  note,  it  was  published  by  Mr.  R. 
'  [Geo.  Eut,  coll.  Sidn.  A.  B.  iGaO.     Baker.] 

then  a  sojourner  and  student  in  Oxon,  being  alx)ut 
that  time  entred  a  meml)er  of  Wadh.  coll.  Which  [40] 
George  Ent  the  son  wrote  and  published,  The 
Grounds  of  Unitij  in  Iteliu^imi :  Or,  an  expedient 
for  a  jieneral  Conformity  and  Pacification,  printed 
in  1679  in  one  sheet  in  qu.  In  whicli  year  (in  Aug. 
or  thereabout.s)  he  depirting  this  mortal  life,  wa« 
buritxl  in  the  church  belonging  to  the  Temples  in 
London.  Our  author  Master  hath  also  written 
other  poems,  a-s  (1.)  Carolusredux,  1623.  (2.)  Ad 
Re-em  Carolum,  1625.  (3.)  On  Bush.  Lake,  1626. 
(4.)  On  Ben.  Jomm,  1637.  and  (5.)  On  Vaulx; 
but  these,  I  think,  are  not  printed.  He  was  a 
drudge  to,  and  assisted  niucli,  Edward  lord  Herbert 
of  Cherbury,  when  he  was  obtaining  materials  for 
the  writing  the  Life  of' K.  Hen.  8.  Four  thick  vo- 
lumes in  fol."  of  such  materials  I  have  lying  by  me, 
in  every  one  of  which  I  find  his  hantl-writing, 
either  in  interlining,  adding,  or  correcting ;  and  one 
of  those  four,  which  is  entit.  Collectaneorum  Lib. 
secundus,  is  mostly  written  by  him,  collected  from 
parliament  rolls,  the  Paper  Office  at  Whitehall, 
Vicar  General's  Office,  books  l)elonging  to  the  clerks 
of  tlie  council,  MSS.  in  Cotton's  library,  books  of 
convtK-ations  of  the  clergy,  &c.  printetl  authors,  8lc. 
And  there  is  no  doubt,  that  as  he  had  an  especial 
hand  in  composing  the  said  Life  of  K.  Hen.  8. 
(which  us  some  say  he  turn'd  mostly  into  Latin, 
but  never  printed)  so  had  he  a  hand  in  Latinizing 
that  lord's  txx)k  De  Veritate,  or  others.  At  lengtn 
being  overtaken  by  a  malignant  fever,  the  same 
which  I  have  mention'd  in  Dud.  Digges  and  Will. 
Cartwright,  he  died  thereof,  to  the  great  reluctancy 
of  those  that  well  knew  him,  in  the  winter  time, 
either  in  Dec.  or  Jan.  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  i643. 
three,  and  was  buried  in  the  north  part  of  the  outer 
chappell  belonging  to  New  coll.  His  epitaph  is 
written  in  Latin  by  the  said  L.  HerlxTt  in  his  Oc- 
casional  Verse.i,  p.  94,  who  hath  also  written  a  Lat 
poem  in  praise  of  his  lubrica,  which  may  he 
there  also  seen.  But  the  said  epitaph  must  not  be 
understood  to  have  ever  been  put  over  his  grave. 

[TTie  Virffin  Mary,  a  Sermon  preached  in  St. 
Mary'.s  Colkge,  (vulgo  New  College)  Oxon.  March 
25,  1641 ;  (m  Luke  1.  v.  26,  27.  Lond.  1710. 8vo. 

Tho.  Masteri  iJi,axa.{itov  Novi  Coll.  qucmdam 
Socii  Iter  Boreale,  ad  ip.mi.s  Patrem  Gulielmum 
Masterum,  Coticc  in  Agro  GloceMrausi  Pastorem, 
Anno  Dam.  1675,  4to.  '  Amantissime  pater,  scio 
te  expectare  itineris  mei  Boreahs  historiam — Avete, 
parentes  mei  colendissimi,  filius  obsequentissimus 
Tho.  Master,  Sept.  25,  1637.'  The  occasion  of  his 
journey  was  to  be  inducted  into  the  sinecure  of 
Wickham,  near  Louth  in  Lincolnshire,  which  should 
have  been  mentioned  by  Mr.  Wood.     Kenmet.] 


^  [These  are  now  reposited  in  the  library  of  Je»iis  college, 





Will.  Chilliugworth  citizen  (afterwards  niayor^  of 
Oxford,  was  born  in  S.  Martin's  {larish  there,  ni  a 
little  house  on  the  north  side  of  the  contluit  at 
yuatervois,  in  Octob.  KiOS,  and  on  the  last  t)f  that 
month  rcceivetl  baptism  there.  After  he  hatl  been 
educated  in  grannnar  learning  imder  Edw.  Sylvester 
a  noted  I.atinist  and  Grecian,  (who  taught  privately 
in  All-saints  parish)  or  in  the  free-school  joyning  to 
Magd.  coll.  or  in  Ixith,  he  became  scholar  of  Trin. 
coll.  under  the  tuition  of  Mr.  Rob.  Skinner,  on 
the  second  of  June  1618,  being  then  about  two 
years  standing  in  the  university,  and  going  thro' 
with  case  the  classes  of  logic  and  philosophy,  was 
admitted  M.  of  A.  in  the  latter  end  of  ifeii,  and 
fellow  of  the  said  coll.  10  June  1628.  He  was  then 
observed  to  be  no  drudge  at  his  study,  but  being  a 
man  of  great  parts  would  do  much  m  a  little  time 
when  he  settled  to  it.'  He  would  often  walk  in 
the  college  grove  and  contemplate,  but  when  he 
met  with  any  scholar  there,  he  would  enter  into 
discourse,  and  dispute  with  him,  purposely  to  faci- 
litate and  make  the  way  of  wranghng  common  with 
him  ;  which  was  a  fashion  used  in  those  days,  espe- 
cially among  tlie  disputing  theologists,  or  among 
those  that  set  themselves  apart  purp)sely  for  divi- 
nity. But  upon  the  change  of  the  tunes,  occasioned 
by  the  puritan,  that  way  forsooth  was  accounted 
boyish  and  pedagogical,  to  the  detriment,  in  some 
respects,  of  learning.  About  the  same  time  being 
much  unsettled   in   his   thoughts,  he   became   ac- 

Jualnted  with  one  who  went  by  the  name  of  Joh. 
'isher  a  learned  Jesuit  and  sophistical  disputant, 
who  was  often  conversant  in  these  parts.*  At  length, 
by  his  persuasions,  and  the  satisfaction  of  some 
doubts  which  he  could  not  find  among  our  great 
men  at  home,  he  went  to  the  Jesuits  coll.  at  S. 
Omers,  forsook  his  religion,  and  by  these  motives' 
following,  which  he  left  among  them  vmder  his  own 
hand,  became  a  Rom.  Catholic,  '  First  because  per- 
petual visible  profession  which  could  never  be  want- 
mg  to  the  religion  of  Christ,  nor  any  part  of  it,  is 
apparently  wanting  to  Protestant  religion  ;  so  far  as 
concerns  the  {X)ints  in  contestation.  (2.)  Because 
Luther  and  his  followers,  separating  from  the  church 
of  Rome,  separated  also  from  all  churches,  pure  or 
impure,  true  or  untrue,  tlicn  being  in  the  world : 
upon  which  ground  I  conclude  that  either  Gcxl's 
promises  did  fail  of  performance,  if  there  were  then 
no  church  in  the  world,  which  held  all  things  neces- 
sary and  nothing  repugnant  to  salvation ;  or  else 
that  Luther  and  his  sectaries,- separating  from  all 

>  , .  ■ .   ■ 
'  [He  applied  himself  with  good  success  to  mathematicks, 
and  was  accounled  a  good  pod.     MS.  note  in  Mr.  Heler's 

'  [For  towards  the  latter  end  of  the  reign  of  K.  James  I, 
the  Romish  priests  were  .illowed  an  uncommon  liberly  in 
England,  which  was  continued  in  the  reign  of  Charles  I, 
upon  account  of  his  marriage  with  a  princess  of  France. 
MS.  nnle  in  Mr.  Heler's  copy."] 

'  Ekiw.  Knott  in  hh Direction  lo  be  observed  by  N.  N.  &c. 
Lond.  in  oct.  p.  d7j  &c. 

churches  then  in  tlie  world  and  so  from  the  true,  if 
there  were  any  true,  were  damnable  schismaticks. 
(3.)  Because  if  any  credit  might  be  given  to  as  cre- 
ditable records  as  any  are  extant,  the  doctrine  <jf 
Catholics  hath  been  I'retjuently  confimietl,  and  the 
opposite  doctrine  of  I'rotestants  confounded  witli 
supernatural  and  divine  miracles.  (4.)  Because 
many  points  of  Protestant  dixitrine  are  tlie  damned 
opimons  of  heretics,  condemned  by  the  primitive 
church.  (5.)  Because  the  prophecies  of  the  Old 
Test,  touching  the  c«nversion  of  kings  and  nations 
to  the  true  religion  of  Christ,  have  been  accom- 
plished in,  and  by,  the  Catholic  Rom.  religion,  ami 
the  professors  of  it.  (6.)  Because  the  doctrine  of 
the  church  of  Rome  is  conformable,  and  the  doctrine 
of  the  Protestants  contrary,  to  the  doctrine  of  the 
fathers  of  the  primitive  church,  even  by  the  con 
fession  of  Protestants  themselves ;  I  mean  those 
fathers,  who  lived  within  the  compass  of  the  first 
600  years;  to  whom  Protestants  tliemselves  do 
very  frequently  and  confidently  appeal.  (7.)  Be- 
cause the  first  pretended  reformers  had  neither  ex- 
traordinary commission  from  God,  nor  ordinary  mis- 
sion from  the  church,  to  preach  Protestant  doctrine. 
(8.)  Because  Luther,  to  preach  against  the  mass 
(which  contains  the  most  material  points  now  in 
controversy)  was  persuaded  by  reasons  suggested 
to  him  by  the  devil  himself,  disputing  with  him. 
So  himself  profcsseth  in  his  book  De  Mu:sa  privata, 
that  all  men  might  take  heed  of  following  him,  who 
professeth  himself  to  follow  the  devil.  (9.)  Because 
the  Protestant  cause  is  now,  and  hath  been  from  the 
beginning,  maintained  with  gross  falsificatitms  and 
calumnies ;  whereof  their  prime  controversy  writers 
are  notoriously  and  in  high  degree  guilty.  (10.) 
Because  by  denying  all  humane  authority,  either  of 
pope,  or  councils,  or  church,  to  determine  contro- 
versies of  faith,  they  have  abolished  all  possible 
means  of  suppressing  heresy,  or  restoring  unity  to 
the  church.'  These  were  his  motives,  as  my  author* 
tells  me,  who  adds,  that,  '  they  were  so  strong,  tliat 
he  (Chilliugworth)  could  never  since  frame  his  mind 
to  Protestancy  :  And  the  profession  of  Catholic  reli- 
gion not  suiting  with  his  desires  and  designs,  he  fell 
upon  Socinianism,  that  is  no  religion,'  &c.  To 
these  motives,  which  are  owned  and  reprinted '  by 
Mr.  Chilliugworth,  he  made  an  answer  three  years 
or  better  before  the  first  edition  of  his  book  called, 
TJie  Religion  of  Protc-ntanU,  &c.  came  out.  Which 
answer  was  not  published  for  two  reasons,  one,  be- 
cause the  motives  were  never  public,  until  the  author 
of  The  Direction  to  N.  N.  made  them  so.  The 
other,  because  he  was  loth  to  prtK'laim  to  all  the 
world  so  much  weakness  as  he  shew'd,  in  suffering 
himself  to  be  abused  by  such  silly  sophisms.  All 
which  proceeded  upon  mistakes  and  false  supposi- 

■•  Ibid.  p.  40. 

^  In  the  preface  to  the  author  of  Charity  maintain  i,  iic. 
Sect.  43. 



tions,  which  unatlvisedly  he  txwk'  for  granted,  as 
'twill  quickly  appear  when  the  motives  with  his  re- 
Hpective  answers  made  to  them  and  7  printed,  shall 
be  inipartiiillv  weighed  in  the  liallance  against  each 
other.  Tho'  Mr.  Chillingworth  embraced  Protes- 
tantism very  sincerely,  as  it  seems,  when  he  wrote 
liis  book  or  The  Religion  of  Protestants,  &c.  yet 
notwithstanding  not  long  before,  and  I  think  then 
also,  he  refused  to  subscribe  the  39  articles,  and  so 
consequently  did  not  desert  the  religion  of  Rome  out 
of  desire  of  "preferment,  or  for  temjX)ral  ends  (which 
the  author  of  The  Direction  to  N.  N.  objected  to 
him)  by  reason  that  this  his  refusal  did  inc;q)acitate 
him  for  all  places  of  benefit  in  England,  a  ])revious 
("42]  subsc-ription  of  the  said  39  articles  being  the  only 
common  door  that  here  leads  to  any  such.  This  re- 
fusal was  groimded  on  his  scrupling  the  truth  only 
of  one  or  two  propositions  containea  in  "*  them  ;  and 
these  his  small  doubts  too  were  afterwards  fully  sa- 
tisfied and  removed  before  his  advanpement  in  the 
church,  otherwise  he  could  not  have  conscientiously 
subscribed  the  39  articles,  which  is  indispensibly  re- 
quired of  all  persons  upon  any  ecclesiastical  promo- 
tion." But  to  return:  so  it  was,  that  he  finding 
not  that  satisfaction  from  the  Jesuits  concerning  va^ 
rious  points  of  religion,  or  (as  some  say)  not  that 
respect  which  he  expected  (for  the  common  report 
among  his  contemporaries  in  Trin.  coll.  was,  that 
the  Jesuits  to  try  his  temper,  and  exercise  his 
obedience,  did  put  him  upon  servile  duties  far  below 
him)  he  left  them  in  the  year  1631,  returned  to  the 
church  of  England  (tho'  the  presbyterians  said  not, 
but  that  he  was  always  a  papist  in  his  heart,  or,  as 
we  now  sav,  in  masqueratle)  and  was  kindly  received 
by  his  godfather  Dr.  Laud  then  B.  of  London.  So 
that  fixing  himself  for  a  time  in  his  lieloved  Oxford, 
he  did,  in  testimony  of  his  reconcilement,  make  a 
recantation,  and  afterwards  wrote  a  book  against  the 
papists,  as  I  shall  anon  tell  you.'     For  which  his 

«  Sect.  42. 
,7  Sect.  44. 
"'  •  Sect.  eg.  and  40. 

'fin  the  P"s/ Boy,  June  6,  1719,  was  this  advertisement. 
— Wheareas  the  enemies  of  the  subscripti'in  requir'd  of  the 
clergy,  have  lately  publish'd,  in  a  ver^  pompous  manner,  a 
letter  of  Mr.  Cliillingworth,  dated  lb35,  declaring  that  he 
could  not  subscribe  the  aiticles,  ahd  as  if  that  had  been  his 
firrt  resolution  to  tlie  last :  to  prevent  the  ill  effects  of  such 
an  insinuation,  'lis  thought  fit  to  publish  to  the  world,  that 
he  afterwards  allred  his  mind,  and  in  the  year  l(J38  did  ac- 
tuallv  subscribe,  as  app'jars  from  the  Register  of  the  Church 
of  S'utishuTij ,  whence  the  copy  under-wrillen  is  taken. 

Ego  Gu'.ielnius  Chillingworth  clericus,  inariibus  mogister, 
ad  cancellLiri.ilum  ecclesiae  cath.  B.  Miria;,  Sarum.  una 
cnm  prelienda  dc  Briuwonh  alias  Bricklesworth  in  com. 
Norihampt.  Petriburg  dioc.  in  eadein  ecclesia  fundata  et 
eidem  cancellarialui  annexa,  ailmidendns  et  instituendus, 
omnibus  lilsce  articulis  et  singulis  in  eisdem  couicutis  volens 
et  ex  aninio  sul>scribo  et  consenstini  nuum  eisdcni  pricbeo 
20  die  Julii,  16.T8. — Gulielmns  Chillingworth.     Kennet.] 

'  [Chillingworth  gives,  in  his  first  work,  the  following 
opinion  of  his  own  change  of  principles,  and  it  is  too  curious 
to  be  omitied  :  '  I  know  a  man  that  of  a  moderate  Protestant 
tura'd  a  Papist,  and  the  day  that  he  did  so,  (as  all  things 

service  he  was  rewarded  with  the  chancellorshi])  of 
the  cliurch  of  Salisbury,  upon  the  promotion  of  Dr. 
Br.  Diippa  to  the  see  of  Chiclicster,  in  the  month 
of  July  1G38,  and  about  the  same  time  with  the 
mastership  of  Wygstan's  hospital  in  the  antient  bo-' 
rougli  of  Leicester  :  Both  which,  and  jK'rhaj»s  other 
preferments,  he  kept  to  liis  dying  day.  He  wa.s  a 
most  noted  philosopher  and  orator,  and  without 
doubt  a  jKwt  also,  otiierwise  sir  Joh.  Suckling  would 
not  have  brought  him  into  his  jioem,  called  The 
Se-s.sion  of  Poet-1 ;  and  had  such  an  admirable  fa- 
culty in  reclaiming  schismatics,  and  confuting  papists, 
that  none  in  his  time  went  beyond  him.  tie  had 
also  very  great  skill  in  mathematics,  and  his  aid  and 
counsel  wa.s  often  used  in  making  fortifications  for 
the  king's  garrisons,  especially  those  of  the  city  of 
Gloucester,  and  Arunaell  castle  in  Sussex.  "  In 
"  Dr.  BarXov/'s  Genuine  Remains,  Lond.  1693-  oct, 
"  p.  344.  is  the  following  pa.s.sage :  John  Corbet  in 
"  his  Relation  o/'  the  Siege  o/"'  Gloucester,  p.  12. 
"  saith,  '  We  underst(K)d  that  the  enemy  (meaning 
"  '  the  army  of  King  Charles  I.)  had,  by  the  direc- 
"  '  tion  of  the  Jesuitical  d(K;tor  Chillingworth,  pro- 
"  '  vided  great  store  of  engines  after  the  manner  of 
"  '  the  Roman  testudines  cum  pluteli,  with  which 
"  '  they  intended  to  have  assaulted  the  part  of  tlie 
"  '  city  between  the  south  and  west  gates.'  So  if 
"  this  l)e  true,  William  Chillingworth  was  an  en- 
"  gineer  at  the  siege,  and  not  in  the  city  when  the 
"  king  took  it  in  the  l)eginning  of  the  war."  He 
was  a  subtle  and  quick  disputant,  and  would  several 
times  put  the  king's  professor  to  a  push..  Hobbes 
of  MaJmsbury  would  often  say,  that  he  was  like  a 
lusty  fighting  fellow,  that  did  drive  his  enemies 
before  him,  but  would  often  give  his  own  party 
smart  back-blows.     And  'twas  the  current  opinion 

that  are  done  are  perfected  some  day  or  other,')  was  con- 
victed in  conscience,  that  his  ycsterdaies  opinion  was  on 
error,  and  yet  thinks  hee  was  no  schismaiiqne  for  doing  so, 
and  desires  to  be  informed  by  you,  whether  or  no  hee  was 
mistaken?  The  same  man  afterwards,  upon  better  considera- 
tion, became  a  doubting  papist,  and  of  a  doubting  papist,  a 
confirm'd  protcslant.  And  yet  this  man  thinks  himselfe  no 
more  to  bliine  for  all  these  changes,  then  a  travailer,  who 
using  all  diligence  to  find  the  right  way  to  some  remote 
citiy,  where  he  never  had  been,  (as  the  parly  I  speak  of  had 
never  been  in  Heaven)  did  yet  mistake  il,  and  after  finde  his 
error,  and  amend  it.  Nay,  he  stands  upon  his  justification 
so  farre,  as  to  maintain  that  his  alterations,  not  only  to  you, 
but  also  from  yon,  by  God's  mercy,  were  the  most  satisfactory 
actions  to  himselfe  that  ever  he  di<l,  and  the  greatest  victo- 
ries that  ever  he  obtained  over  hinisvlfe,  and  his  afl'ections  to 
those  things  which  in  this  world  are  most  precious;  as 
wherein  for  God's  sake  and  (as  he  was  verily  perswaded)  out 
of  love  to  the  truth,  he  went  upon  a  certain  expectation  of 
those  inconveniences,  which  to  ingenuous  natures  are  of  all 
the  most  terrible.  So  that  though  there  were  much  iveak- 
nesse  in  some  of  these  alterations,  yet  certainly  there  was  no 
wickednesse.  Neither  does  he  yield  his  weaknesse  altogether 
without  apology,  seeing  his  deductions  were  rationail,  and 
out  of  principles  commonly  received  by  Protestants  as  well 
as  Papists,  and  which,  by  his  education,  had  got  possession 
of  his  understanding.  The  Religion  of  Protestantt  a  laf* 
toay,  &c.  Oxon.  1()38,  pp.  303,  304.] 



in  this  university,  tliat  he  and  Lucius  lord  Falkland 
had  such  extraordinary  clear  reason,  tliat  if  the  great 
turk  or  devil  were  to  be  converted,  they  were  able 
to  do  it.  "  '  WiUiain  ChiUingworth,  when  he  un- 
*'  '  dertook  the  defence  of  Dr.  Potter's  book  against 
"  '  the  Jesuits,  was  almost  continually  at  Tew  with 
"  '  my  lord  Falkland,  examining  tne  reasons  of 
"  '  botli  parties  pro  and  con,  and  their  validity  and 
"  '  consequence,  where  Mr.  ChiUingworth  had  the 
"  '  benefit  of  my  lord's  comjjany  and  his  gcxxl 
"  '  library.'  Dr.  Barlow's  Genu'me Remains,  Lond. 
"  1693.  p.  329."  He  was  a  man  of  little  stature, 
but  of  great  soul ;  which  if  times  had  been  serene, 
and  hfe  spared,  might  have  done  incomptarable  ser- 
vice to  the  church  of  England.  He  wrote  and  pub- 

The  Relig-ion  of  Protestants  a  safe  Way  to  Sal- 
vation ;  or,  an  Answer  to  a  Book  entit.  Mercy  and 
Truth,  or  Cfiarity  maintain''d  by  Catholics,  which 
pretends  to  prove  the  contrary.  Oxon.  1636,*  38. 
Lond.  1664,  74,  &c.  All  which  impressions  were 
in  fol.  In  wliich  book  the  author  made  very  much 
use  of  Joh.  DaiU^,  a  learned  French  divine,  as 
1^1  about  die  same  time  the  lord  Falkland  did  in  his 
writings;  who  was  wont  to  say,  it  was  worth  a 
Toyage  to  Paris  to  be  acquainted  with  him.  He 
calls  him  our  Protestant  Perron,  &c.  The  book 
that  The  Religion  of  Protestants,  &c.  answer'd, 
was  written  by  Edw.  Knott  a  Jesuit,  against  Dr. 
Potter's  book  entit.  Want  of  Charity,  &c.  as  I  shall 
tell  you,  when  I  come  to  speak  of  him,  under  the 
year  1645.  Before  the  said  Religion  of  Protestants, 
&c.  went  to  the  press,  it  was,  at  the  desire  of  Dr. 
Laud,  corrected  and  amended  by  Dr.  Joh.  Prideaux, 
who  afterwards,  among  his  friends,  would  liken '  it 
to  an  unwholsome  lamprey,  by  having  a  poysonous 
sting  of  Socinianism  throughout  it,  and  tending  in 
some  places  to  plain  infidelity  and  atheism.  After 
it  was  published  the  general  *  character  given  of  its 
author  was,  that  he  had  better  luck  in  puUing  down 

*  [Tliis  date  is  evidently  a  mistake.  There  were  two 
editions  of  the  book  in  1(J38,  the  first  at  Oxford,  the  second, 
with  some  slight  variations,  at  London.  The  recommendation 
by  Dr.  Fell  is  not  signed  till  October  14,  l637,  so  that  Wood 
nmst  be  wrong  in  his  date  l63(j.  It  appeared  asiaiii  l684, 
l687,  1704,  1719,  17  ,  1727  and  1742.  Chillingworth's 
Religion  of  Protestants  the  Safe  JVay,  his  Nine  Sermons; 
Letter  to  Mr.  Lewgar,  and  Answer  to  Kushworth's  Dia- 
logues, Lond.  1704,  folio.  Bodl.  C.  5.  1.  Th.] 

'  Franc.  Chcynell  in  his  book  entit.  A  Discussion  of  Mr. 
Joh.  Fry's  Tenets  lately  condemned  in  Pnrliam.  &c.  p.  33. 
[This  story  rests  only  on  the  authority  of  Chcynell,  the  bitter 
adversary  of  our  autnor,  nor  does  it  in  the  least  agree  with 
the  approbation  besiowed  on  it  by  Prideaux,  here  given 
from  a  copy  of  the  edition  printed  in  l63S,  presented  to  the 
library  of  St.  John's  college  by  the  printer,  Leonard  Litch- 
field— '  Perlegi  hunc  librum,  ciii  tilulus  est  The  Religion  of 
Protestants  a  safe  Way  to  Salvation,  in  quo  nihil  reperio 
doctrinae  vel  discipline  ecclesiae  Anelicanae  adversum,  »ed 
qnam  plurima  qux  fidem  orthodoxam  egregie  illustrant,  et 
adversantia  glossemata  acute,  perspicue,  et  modeste  dissi- 


ug.  Cressy  in  his  Exomologesis,  chap.  82. 

buildings,  than  raising  new  ones,  and  that  he  has 
managed  liis  sword  much  more  dexterous  than  his 
buckler,  Sec.  yet  the  very  same  autiior  who  reports 
this,  doth  in  a  manner  vindicate  him^  elsewhere 
from  being  a  Socinijm,  which  may  in  some  sort  con- 
fute the  Jesuit  (Edw.  Knott)  beiore-mention'd.  It 
must  be  now  known,  tliat  our  author  being  of  intimate 
acquaintance  with  Joh.  Hales  of  Eaton,  he  did  use  his 
assistance  when  he  was  [engagcnl]  in  compiling  his 
book  of  7'he  Religimi,  &c.  especially  in  that  part, 
wherein  he  vindicates  the  English  church  from 
schism,  charged  on  her  by  Knott.  And  that  he 
might  more  clearly  understand  Hales,  he  desired 
him  that  he  would  communicate  his  thoughts  in 
writing,  concerning  the  nature  of  schism.  Where- 
upon he  wrote  a  tract  thereof,  (as  I  shall  tell  you 
when  I  come  to  him)  out  of  which  our  audior 
ChiUingworth  urged  some  arguments,  which  as  one' 
tliinks  are  the  worst  in  all  his  book  ;  and  so  it  is 
thought  by  many  more.  However,  if  not,  as  some 
affirm,  yet  tliey  have  caused  ill  reflections  not  only 
on  the  private  reputation  of  Hales  and  ChiUingworth, 
but  on  the  church  of  England,  as  if  it  did  favour  the 
Socinian  principles.  But  as  for  an  exact  summary 
of  the  doctrines  of  his  belief,  after  what  manner  to 
be  qualified,  and  how  httle  he  favoured  Socinianism, 
which  that  he  did  in  an  high  degree,  his  adversaries 
of  Rome,  and  some  of  the  sectarian  party  at  home, 
did  constantly  and  mahciously  '  suggest.  Whea 
the  said  book  was  in  the  press.  Dr.  Potter  of  Qu, 
coll.  wrote «  to  Dr.  Laud  archb.  of  Cant.  15  Sept. 
1637,  that  Knott  the  Jesuit  was  in  Oxon,  and 
had  the  sheets  thereof  sent  to  him  as  they  came 
from  the  press,  giving  five  shillings  for  every  sheet, 
but  this  dotli  otTierwise  appear  from  Knott's  words 
elsewhere.  There  was  also  another  Jesuit  called 
Will.  Lacey  then  dweUing  in  Oxon,  who  perusing 
the  said  book  gave  his  opinion  of  it  in  a  treatise 
entit.  The  Jwlgrnent  of  an  University  Man  on  Mr. 
Chillingwo7-th''s  Book,  which  I  shaU  elsewhere  men- 
tion. Besides  him  were  two  or  three  more  at  least 
that  answered  it,  as  J.  H.  in  Christianity  main- 
tained, or  a  Discovery  of  sundry  Doctrines  tending 
to  the  Overthrow  of  Christian  Religion  contained 
in  the  Answer  to  a  Book  entit.  Mercy  and  Truth, 
&c.  printed  1638.  qu.  the  author «  of  The  Church 
Conquerant  over  human  Wit,  &c.  printed  the  same 
year,  and  E.  Knott  in  his  Infidelity  unmasFd,  &c. 
"  During  the  Popish  controversy  in  the  time  of  K. 
"  James  II.  was  published  a  book  entit.  Mr.  ChiU 
"  lingwortKs  Book  called  the  Religion  of  Pro- 
"  testants  a  safe  Way  to  Salvafuyn,  made  more  ge- 
"  nerally  useful,  hy  omitting  personal  Contest,  but 

■>  In  his  Epistle  Apologetical  to  a  Person  ef  Honour,  sect. 
7.  p.  82. 

^  Tho.  Long  In  his  pref.  before  Mr.  Hales  his  Treatise  of 
Schism  examined,  Lond.  1678. 

'  Sec  Sect.  28.  of  the  aforesaid  preface. 

"  Gfsfa  Cancelluriatus  Laud,  MS.  pag.  I4p. 

'  [By  John  Floyde,  a  Jesuit;  see  in  the  life  of  Herbert 
Croft  under  the  year  J691.] 



"  inserting  whatsoever  concerns  the  common  Cause 
"  of  Protestants,  or  defends  the  Church  of  England. 
"  Lond.  1687.  qu.  to  which  were  annexed  several 
"  additional  discourses  of  the  said  Mr.  Chillingworth, 
"  viz.  (1.)  A  Coiiferencc  between  him  and  Mr. 
"  Lewgar,  whetlier  the  Rom.  Church  he  the  Cath. 
"  Church,  and  all  out  qflier  Communion  Heretics 
"  or  Schismatics.  (2.)  A  Discourse  against  the 
"  Itifallibility  oftlic  Rom.  Church,  with  ati  Aii.ncer 
"  to  all  those  Texts  of  Scripture  that  are  alledg'd 
"  to  prox'e  if.  (3.)  Conjerence  concerning  the  In- 
"JbllibUity  of  the  Roman  Church,  proving  that  the 
[44!]  *^  present  Church  of  Rome  either  errs  in  the  wor- 
"  shipping  of  the  bles,9ed  Virgin, or  that  the  ancient 
"  Church  did  err  in  Condemning  the  CoUyridian 
"  Heretics.  (4.)  Argument  draron  from  Commii- 
"  nicating  of  Irifants,  as  witJiout  which  they  could 
"  not  be  sav''d,  against  the  Church's  Infallibility. 
"  (5.)  Arguments  against  Infallibility,  drawjij'rom 

"  the  Doctrine  of  the (6.)  Letter  relating  to 

"  the  same  subject.  (7.)  Argument  against  the 
"  Romish  ChurcKs  InfallibiHty,  taken  from  the 
"  Ccmtradiction  in  tlie  Doctrine  of  Transubstan- 
"  tiation.  (8.)  An  Account  of  what  moved  the 
"  Autltor  to  turn  a  Papist,  with  his  Confutation  of 
"  the  Arguments  that  persieaded  him  tliereto,  &c." 
Our  author  Chilhngworth  hath  also  written, 

The  Apostolical  Institution  of  Episcopacy  demon- 
strated. Lond.  1660.  qu.  there  again  in  64  and  74, 
in  fol.  with  The  Religion  of  Protestants. 

Nine  Sermons^ — printed  at  Lond.  1664,  and  74, 
in  fol.  with  his  Apost.  Institution,  &c.  and  Th^  Re- 
ligion of  Protestants,  &c.  These,  I  think,  are  all 
the  things  he  hath  written,  except  his  Motives  pub- 
lished by  E.  Knott,  which  being  answered  by  nim, 
as  I  have  before  told  you,  were  replyd  upon  by  the 
author  of  a  book  entit.  Motives  maintained ;  or,  a 
Reply  to  Mr.  ChiUingteortlis  Answer  to  his  oxvn 
Motives  of  his  Conversion  to  Cath.  Religion, 
printed  1638,  in  three  sh.  in  qu.  It  must  be  now 
known,  that  in  the  beginning  of  the  civil  dissentions, 
our  author  Chillingworth  suffered  much  for  the 
king's  cause,  and  being  forced  to  go  from  place  to 

I)lacc  for  succour,  as  opportunity  served,  went  at 
ength  to  Arundell  castle  in  Sussex,  where  he  was 
in  quality  of  an  engineer  in  that  garrison.  At  length 
the  castle  coming  into  the  hands  of  the  parliamenta- 
rian forces,  on  the  sixth  day  of  January  1643,  he 
was  by  the  endeavours  of  Mr.  Franc.  Cheynell 
(about  that  time  rector  of  Petworth)  made  to  sir 
Will.  Waller  the  prime  governor  of  those  forces, 
conveyed  to  Chichester,  and  there  lodged  in  the 
bishop's  house,  because  that  he,  beuig  very  sick, 
could  not  go  to  London  with  the  prisoners  taken  in 
the  said  castle.  In  the  said  house  he  remained  to 
his  dying  dav,  and  tho'  civilly  used,  yet  he  was 
much  troubled  with  the  impertment  discourses  and 

•  [The  first  on  Tim.  3.  1,2,  3,  4,  5,  was  preached  before 
K-  Charles  I,  and  printed,  after  the  author's  death,  at  Ox- 
ford, 1644.    Bo<U.  4to.  D.  Co.  Th.J 

disputes  of  the  said  Cheynell,  which  the  loyal  party 
of  that  city  looked  upon  a.s  a  shortning  (jf  our 
author's  days.  He  gave  way  to  fate  on  the  24th  of 
January  (or  thereabouts)  '  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  |g^ 
and  three,  and  the  next  day  his  body  being  l>n)iight 
into  the  cath.  church  accoinpanied  by  the  said  royal 
party,  was  certain  service  said,  but  not  common 
prayer  ticcording  to  the  defunct's  desire.  After- 
wards his  lx)dy  being  carried  into  the  cloyster  ad- 
joyning,  Cheynell  stood  at  the  grave  ready  to  receive 
it,  with  the  author's  Ixxjk  of  The  Religion  if  Pro- 
testants,  &c.  in  his  hand :  and  when  the  company 
were  all  settled,  he  spake  lK>fore  them  a  ridiculous 
speech  concerning  the  author  Chillingworth  and 
that  book ;  and  in  the  conclusion,  throwing  the 
IxMik  insultingly  on  the  corps  in  the  grave,  said 
thus, — '  Get  thee  gone  then,  thou  cursed  book, 
which  hast  seduced  so  many  precious  souls;  get 
thee  gone,  thou  corrupt  rotten  book,  earth  to  earth, 
and  oust  to  dust ;  get  thee  gone  into  the  place  of 
rottenness,  that  thou  may'st  rot  with  thy  author, 
and  see  corruption.' After  the  conclusion,  Chey- 
nell went  to  the  pulpit  in  the  cath.  church,  and 
E reached  a  sermon  on  Luke  {).  60.  '  Let  the  dead 
ury  the  dead,'  &c.  while  the  malignants  (as  he 
called  them)  made  a  shift  to  perfonn  st)me  parts  of 
the  English  liturgy  at  his  grave.  About  trie  time 
of  the  restoration  of  K.  Ch.  II.  Ohver  Whitby  his 

freat  admirer,  sometimes  M.A.  of  this  university, 
id  put  an  inscription  on  the  wall  over  his  grave, 
whicn  being  for  the  most  part  in  Hist.  Sf  Antiq. 
Univ.  Oxon.  lib.  2.  p.  297.  b.  should  also  have  been 
here  inserted,  but  forasmuch  as  several  faults  are 
therein,  as  that  he  was  doct.  of  divinity,  chauntor 
of  Salisbury,  and  that  he  died  in  1642, 1  think  itftt 
therefore  to  be  omitted  in  this  place.  In  his  chan- 
cellorship of  Salisbury  succeeded  the  learned  and 
godly  Dr.  John  Earl  on  the  10th  of  Feb.  1643, 
but  who  in  the  ma,stership  of  Wygstan's  hospital  I 
cannot  yet  well  tell.  By  his  will '  dated  22  of  Nov. 
1643,  he  gave  to  the  mayor  and  corporation  of  [45] 
Oxon  4007.  to  be  paid  by  50/.  per  an.  in  eight 
years.  And  as  it  is  paid,  ne  would  have  it  lent  to 
ptwr  young  tradesmen  by  50/.  a  piece  for  ten  years, 
they  {living  good  security  to  repay  it  at  ten  years 
entl,  and  to  pay  for  it  40*.  per  an.  consideration. 
And  the  use  and  consideration  so  paid  to  be  laid 
out  in  binding  jxwr  young  children,  boys  or  girls, 
apprentices,  allowing  8/.  a  piece  to  every  one,  to 
bind  him  or  her  out,  &c. 

[1638,  20  Jul.  Will'us  Chillingworth  coll.  ad 
cancellar.  eccl'ia  Sarum  per  proraot.  Briani  Duppa 
ad  e'patum  Cicestr.  Reg.  Sarum. 

«  [Some  persons,  as  Walker,  Sufferings  of  the  Clergy,  Le 
Neve,  Fasti,  &c.  say  January  20  ;  but  Des  Maizeaux  thinki, 
and  with  more  apparent  foundation,  that  he  died  rather  on 
the  30th  of  January.  Historical  and  Critical  Account  0/  the 
Life  and  Writings  of  William  Chillingworth,  Lond.  1725. 
page  346.] 

3  In  the  Will-Office  near  S.  Paul's  cath.  ch.  in  Lond.  10 
Reg.  Tvysie,  qu.  140. 




1640,  Apr.  li,  Conv(x;ationi  ck'ri  apud  Westmon. 
interliiit  ^Vill"us  Chillingwortli  sub  nomine  procura- 
toris  capituli  Saruni.  MS. 

1643, 10  Febr.  Joh.  EarlecoU.  ad  cancellar.  eccl. 
Saruni  per  niort.  Will.  ChUlingworth. 

In  the  advertisement  (alrea<ly  mentioned  in  the 
note  col.  89)  it  likewise  is  said :  '  It  may  be  proper 
at  the  same  time  to  take  notice,  that  the  se- 
cond letter  publist  under  Mr.  Chillingworth's  name 
to  favour  Arianisme  is  not  only  without  date,  but 
from  a  copy  that  is  not  in  his  own  hand,  and  there- 
fore may  justly  be  suspected  not  to  be  genuine.' 

,   Will.  Chillingworth  A.M.   incorporatus  Canta- 
brigiae  1626. 

A  prophaiie  Catechisme,  collected  out  of  Mr. 
Ghillingworth's  works,  by  Fr.  Cheynell,  printed 
with  the  Novissima,  1644.     Baker. 

In  the  library  of  the  archbishop  of  Canterbury  at 
Lambeth  palace,  are  some  unpublished  papers  of 
Chillingworth,  whicli  formerly  belonged  to  archb. 
Laud,  and  which  were  recovered  by  a  very  happy 
accident.  The  volume  containing  them  (with  many 
others  by  Laud,  Sheldon  and  Sancroft)  had  been 
long  lost,  but  was  recovered  by  archbishop  Her- 
ring. It  was  found,  together  with  some  money  and 
papers,  in  a  box  which  archbishop  Tenison  directed 
his  executors  to  burn  without  opening ;  but  the  box 
bursting  in  the  fire,  the  money  and  this  book,  which 
they  supposed  was  forgotten  by  the  archbishop,  was 
taken  out  and  preserved.*  Chillingwortli's  works 

1.  Answer  to  Mr.  Peake's  five  Questions  pro- 
posed to  him  about  the  Nature  of  Faith,  and  tlie 
Resolution  and  Consequences  of  the  Faith  of  Pro- 

2.  The  beginning  of  A  Treatise  against  the 

3.  Observaticms  upon  tJie  Scottish  Declaration. 

4.  Treatise  of  the  Unlawfulnesse  of  resisting  the 
lawfull  Prince,  altlwugh  most  impious,  tyrannical 
and  idolatrous. 

5.  Letter  excusing  his  writing  against  the 

6.  On  God's  universal  Mercy  in  calling  Men  to 

7.  Two  Discourses  of  the  Nature  of  Faith. 

8.  On  the  Absurdity  of  Departing  from  the 
Church  of  England  Jbr  Want  ajT  Succession  of  vi- 
sible Professors  in  all  Ages. 

9.  A  brief  Answer  of  several  Texts  of  Scripture, 
alleged  to  prove  the  Church  to  be  one,  visible, 
universal,  perpetual,  and  itifallible. 

*  [Dr.  Ducirel  says,  that  archbishop  Hcrrinc;  made  Mrs. 
Ibbotl,  the  widow  of  Dr.  Il>butt,  formerly  librarian,  a  jirisent 
of  6ve  (guineas  for  it ;  and  that  he  had  this  information  from 
his  predecessor.  Mr.  Hall.  See  Catalogue  of  the  Archiepis- 
eopal  Manuscripts  in  the  Library  at  Lambeth  Palace.  Lond. 
1812,  folio,  paae  232.  numb.  943.] 

*  [The  vol.  contains  the  first  dnught  of  this  Answer  as 
well  as  the  Answer  itself  coinpleat.] 

10.  Letters  to  Dr.  Sheldon  containing  1.  His 
Scruples  about  leaving  the  Church  of  Rome  and 
retiring  to  the  Church  of  England.  2.  His  Scru- 
ples about  Subscription,  arul  the  Reason  oftliem.^ 

There  is  a  mezz.  of  Chillingworth,  in  the  same 
plate  with  the  heads  of  the  earl  of  Shaftesbury, 
Locke  and  WoUaston  ;  but  as  yet  I  know  of  no  en- 
graved portrait  that  can  be  deemed  authentic] 

HENRY  FITZ-SIMON,  the  most  noted  Je- 
suit of  liis  time,  was '  matriculated  as  a  member  of 
Hart-hall  26  Apr.  1583,  and  in  that  of  his  age  14, 
said  then  and  there  in  the  matricula  to  be  an  Irish 
man  born,  and  the  son  of  a  merchant  in  Dublin.  In 
Decemb.  following  I "  find  one  Henry  Fitz-Simons 
to  be  elected  student  of  Ch.  Ch.  but  whether  he  be 
the  same  witli  the  former,  I  dare  not  say.  How 
long  he  continued  in  the  university,  or  whether  he 
took  a  degree,  it  no  where  apjiears.  Sure  it  is,  that 
he  being  m  his  mind  then,  if  not  before,  a  Rom. 
Catholic,  he  went  beyond  the  seas,  entred  himself 
into  the  stxiiety  of  Jesus,  and  made  so  great  a  profi- 
ciency under  the  instruction  of  Leonard  Lessius, 
that  he,  in  short  time,  became  so  eminent,  that  he 
taught  publicly  among  them  philosophy  for  several 
years.  At  length  retiring  to  liis  native  country,  he 
endeavoured  to  reconcile  as  many  persons  as  he 
could  to  his  religion,  either  by  private  conference, 
or  public  disputes  with  protestant  ministers.  In 
which  work  he  persisted  for  two  years  without  dis- 
turbance, being  esteem''d  the  chief  disputant  among 
those  of  his  party,  and  so  ready  and  ciuick  that  few 
or  none  would  undertake  to  deal  with  him.  In 
fine,  he  being  apprehended  for  a  dangerous  person, 
was  committed  to  safe  custody  in  Dublin  Castle  in 
the  year  1599,  where  he  continued  about  5  years. 
As  soon  as  he  was  setled  there,  which,  as  'tis  said, 
he  desired  before,  that  it  might  be  so,  he  was  several 
times  heard  to  say.  That  he  being  a  prisoner,  was 
like  a  bear  tyed  to  a  stake,  and  wanted  some  to 
bait  him ;  which  expressions  being  looked  upon  as 
a  challenge,  Mr.  Jam.  Usher,  then  19  years  of  age, 
did  undertake,  and  did  dispute  with,  him  once,  or 
twice,  or  more  concerning  Antichrist,  and  was 
ready  to  have  proceeded  farther,  but  our  author 
was,  as  'tis  "  saitl,  weary  of  it  and  him.  Afterwards, 
at  the  term  of  the  said  five  years,  being  freed  from 
prison,  upon  condition  that  he  would  carry  himself 
quietly  and  mthout  disturbance  to  the  king  and  the 
realm,  he  went  forthwith  into  voluntary  exile  into 
the  Low  Countries,  where  he  spent  his  time  in  per- 
forming offices  requisite  to  his  function,  and  in 
writing  books ;  some  of  which  have  these  titles : 

^  [This  last  letter  was  printed  by  Whiston  in  his  Histori- 
cal Memoirs  of  Dr.  Samuel  Clarke,  which  occasioned  the 
adienisemeni  before  given.] 

'  Reg.  Matric.  P.  pag.  5bb. 

"  Reg.  prim.  Act.  f  Elecfionum  JEd.  Chr.  sub.  an.  1  S'O. 

s  Nich.  Bernard  in  The  L\fe  and  Death  of  Dr.  Jam. 
Usher Lond.  16,06.  oct.  p.  32. 





A  Cathnl'tc  Cmifutat'um  of  Mr.  Joh.  Rhlc/s  Claim 
of  Antiqiiitifi ;  '  and  a  calminir  Comfort  against 
his  Caveat.   Roan  1608.  qu.  [B(k11.  4to.  F.  24.  Th.J 

Reply  to  Mr.  Ili(kr\s  Rescript,  and  a  Discovery 

ofpy/ritan  Partiality  in  his  Behalf'. printed  witn 

the  former  b(M)k. 

Answer  to  certain  complaintive  Letters  of  afflicted 
Catlwlics  for  Religion,  Sfc. — printed  willi  the  for- 
mer also. 

Justification  and  Exposition  of  the  Siwrifice  of 
the  Ma,is,  in  2  books  or  more printed  1611.  qu. 

Britannomachia  Ministroriim  in  plei'isque  Sf  Fi- 
dci  Fundamentis,  <^  Fidei  Articulis  dissidcntlum. 
Duac.  1614.  qu.  See  before  In  Franc.  Mason,  vol. 
ii.  col.  307. 

Catalogue  of  the  Irish  Saints This  I  have 

not  yet  seen,  and  therefore  cannot  tell  whether  it  be 
in  Latin  or  in  another  language.  In  the  year  1608 
he  went  according  to  .summons  to  Rome,  where 
bemg  apjx)inted  for  the  mission  of  Ireland,  he  pub- 
lished his  profession  of  the  four  vows;  and  then 
being  sent  back  to  the  Low  Countries,  he  went  again 
into  Ireland,  where  he  spent  many  years  in  confirm- 
ing the  Roman  Catholics  in  their  antient  religion 
and  gaining  proselytes  to  liis  opinion.  At  length 
rAn-,  the  rebellion  breakmg  out  there  in  1641,  of  which 
'-  ^  he  was  a  great  abettor  and  encourager,  was,  after 
the  rebels  began  to  be  subdued,  forced  to  fly  for 
shelter  into  woods  and  on  mountains,  and  to  creep 
and  sculk  into  every  place  for  fear  of  being  taken 
and  hanged  by  the  English  soldiers.  In  the  be- 
ginning of  the  year  1643  he  was  forced  to  change 
his  place,  and  retire  for  safety  to  a  moorish  and 
boggy  ground,  where  sheltering  himself  under  a 
shepherd's  cott  (no  better  than  a  hovel)  which  could 
not  keep  out  the  wind  and  rain,  lived  there  in  a 
very  sorry  condition,  and  had  for  his  bedding  a  pad 
of  straw,  which  would  be  often  wet  by  the  rising, 
and  coming  in  of  the  water.  Notmthstanding  all 
this  misery,  he  seemed  to  be  very  chearful,  and  was 
I'eady  to  mstruct  the  young  ones  about  him,  and 
comfort  others.  But  being  in  a  manner  spent,  and 
his  age  not  able  to  bear  such  misery  long,  was  wth 
much  ado  taken  away  :  and  being  conveyed  to  some 
of  the  brethren  into  a  better  place,  expired  among 
i6+j.  them  on  the  calends  of  Febr.  the  same  year;  but 
where,  or  in  what  place  buried,  my  informer  tells 
me  not.  By  his  death  the  R.  Catholics  lost  a  pil- 
lar of  their  church,  being  esteemed  in  the  better  ])art 
of  his  life  a  great  ornament  among  them,  and  the 
greatest  defender  of  their  religion  in  his  time. 

GEORGE  SANDYS,  a  younger  S(m  of  Ed- 
win archb.  of  York,  was  born  at  Bishops  Thorpe 
in  that  county,  and  as  a  member  of  S.  Mary's  hall 
was  matriculated  in  the  university  in  the  beginning 
of  Dec.  1589,  and  in  that  of  his  age  eleven,  at  which 
time  Henry  his  elder  brother  was  remitted  into  the 
said  matricula,  but  both,  as  I  conceive,  received  tlieir 

'  [See  vo].ii.  col.  547.] 

Vol.  III. 

tuition  in  Corp.  Ch.  coll.  How  long  George  tarried 
there,  or  whether  he  took  a  degree,  it  appears  not. 
In  the  month  of  Aug.  1610  he  i)egan  a  long  jour- 
ney, and  alter  he  hati  travelled  thro'  several  j»arts 
of  Euro}x>,  visited  divers  cities  (|)articularlv  Con- 
stantinople) and  countries  under  the  Turkish  em- 
pire, as  Greece,  Egypt,  and  the  Holy  Larid.'  After- 
wards he  t(M)k  a  view  of  the  remote  parts  of  Italy, 
and  the  islands  atljoyning.  That  being  done  he  went 
to  Rome,  the  antiquities  and  glories  of  which  place 
were  in  four  da^s  time  shew'd  unto  him  by  Nich. 
Fitzherbert  sometimes  an  Oxford  student,  who,  as 
I  have  before  told  you,  ended  his  davs  in  1612.' 
Thence  our  author  went  to  Venice  (from  whence  he 
first  set  out)  and  so  to  England.  Where  digesting 
his  notes,  and  interlarding  them  with  various  parts 
of  poetry,  according  to  the  fa.shion  of  that  time,  pub- 
lished them  in  English  under  this  title :  ■• 

Sandy.'i's  7'/'«t;t/^,  &c.  in  four  Inxiks.  Lond.  1615. 
1621,  [Bmll.  K.  5.  12.  Art.]  27,  32,  [37]  52,  58, 
70,  73,  &c.  all  in  folio,  and  illustrated  ivith  several 
maps  and  figures,  except  the  first  edit.  The  said 
travels  are  contracted  in  the  second  part  of  Sam. 

'  [Drayton  has  an  elegy  to  Sandys,  in  the  title  of  which 
lie  is  called  treasurer  for  the  English  colony  in  Virginia.  It 
should  seem,  that  Sandys  was,  at  that  time,  in  Virginia.  It 
has  no  date,  but  was  wrote  after  the  five  first  books  of  Ovid 
were  published.     Whalley.] 

'  [See  vol.  ii.  col.  121.  I  embrace  this  opportunity  of 
noticing  a  mistake  made  in  the  correction  of  the  press,  and 
w  hich  all  those  conversant  in  printing  will  well  know  how 
to  excuse.  It  is  the  consolidation  of  the  hex.imeter  and  pen- 
tameter which  fi)rm  Rosamond  Clifford's  epitaph.  The  cor- 
rector, it  will  he  seen,  instead  of  bringing,  as  he  wasilesircd, 
the  words  Adam  de  down  to  the  next  line,  by  a  blunder  of 
his  own,  carried  the  preceding  line  np,  and  thus  spoiled  the 

■*  \_A  Relation  of  a  Journey  begun  An.  Dora.  I6'l0.  Fovrr 
Booties,  Containing  a  Description  of  the  Turkish  Empire  qf 
Egypt,  of  the  Holy  Land,  of  the  remote  Parts  of  Italy,  and 
Hands  adioyning.  T/ie  second  edilian.  London,  printed  for 
fV.  Barrett,  lG21.  The  Bodleian  copy  is  on  large  paper, 
with  the  arms  of  the  Sandys  fmiily  impressed  on  the  covers. 
'  I  began  myjourncy,'  he  commences,  '  through  France  hartl 
upon  the  time  when  that  execrable  murilier  was  committed 
vpon  the  person  of  Henry  the  fourth,  by  an  obscure  varlet, 
euen  in  the  streets  of  his  princi|)all  citie,  by  day,  and  then 
when  royally  attended  on  ;  to  shew  that  there  is  none  so 
contemptible,  that  contemncth  his  owne  life,  but  is  the 
maister  of  another  mans.  Triumphs  were  interrupted  by 
funerals,  and  mens  minds  did  labour  with  fearcfull  ex|)ecta- 
tions.  The  princes  of  the  bloud  discontet)ted,  the  noblesse 
factious;  those  of  the  religion  daily  thrcatned,  and  nightly 
fe-iriiiga  massacre:  mcaiie-while  a  number  of  !^ouldiers  are 
drawnc  by  small  numbers  into  the  citie  to  confront  all  out- 
rages.' This  passage  has  always  appeared  to  me  to  be  an  ex- 
cellent picture  of  the  distracted  stale  of  Paris  at  the  moment 
alluded  to,  and  I  could  willingly  give  several  very  amusing 
extracts  from  this  excellent  work  were  it  not  so  generally  in 
evcrv  ctdlector's  hands. 

It' may  be  interesting  to  the  curious  to  remark  here,  that 
the  prints  wiih  which  Sandvs's  Travels  abound  were  iinme-« 
dialely  copied  from  LeTresdevot  Voyage  de  Jerusalem,  avecq 
les  Figures  des  lieux  Saincts,  et  plusteurs  autres,  tiroes  au  na- 
turel.  Faict  et  descript  par  Jean  Zunllart.  Printed  at  Anl- 
wi.rp  in  l608.    Sec  the  book,  Bodl.  D.  20.  8.  Line] 




Purclias  his  books  of  Pllffiims,  lib.  8.  Tlie  author 
upon  his  return  in  1612  or  after,  being  improved  in 
several  resix-cts  l)v  this  his  large  journey,  became 
an  accomplish'd  gent,  as  being  master  of  several  lan- 
guages, of  a  fluent  and  reacly  discourse  and  excel- 
lent coniportHient.  He  had  also  naturally  a  ixK-ti- 
caJ  fancy,  and  a  zealous  inclination  to  all  human 
learning,  which  made  his  company  desir'd,  and  ac- 
ceptable to  most  virtuous  men  and  scholars  of  his 
tunc.     He  also  wrote  and  published, 

^  Paraphraxc  on  the  Psalvis  of  David,  and  upon 
the  Hymns  dispersed  throughout  the  Old  and  Nets 
Testum.  Lond.  1636.  octl  [Bodl.  8vo.  B.  388. 
Line]  reprinted  there  in  fol.  1638,  with  other  mat- 
ters following,  under  this  tide : 

Paraphrase  upon  tlie  divine  Poems,  which  con- 
tain a  Paraphrase  on  Job,  Psalms  of  David,  Eccle- 
siastes.  Lamentations  of  Jeremiah,  and  Sojiffs  col- 
lected out  of  tlie  Old  and  Nexv  Test.  The  said  Pa- 
raphrase on  David''s  Psalms  was  one  of  the  books 
that  K.  Ch.  I.  delighted  to  read  in,  as  he  did  in  G. 
Herbert's  Divine  Poems,  Dr.  Hammond's  works. 
Hooker's  Ecclesiastical  Polity,  &c.  while  he  was  a 
prisoner  in  Carisbroke  castle  m  the  isle  of  Wight. 

Paraphrase  on  the  divine  Poems,  viz.  on  the  ■ 
Psalms  of  David,  on  Ecclesiastes,  and  on  the  Song 
of  Solomon.  Lond.  1676.  oct.  Some,  if  not  all,  of 
the  said  Psalms  of  David  had  vocal  compositions  set 
to  them  by  the  incomparable  Hen.  and  Will.  Lawes,' 
with  a  thorough  bass  for  an  organ,  in  4  large  books 
[47]  or  volumes,  in  qu.  He  the  said  G.  Sandys  tians- 
lated  also  into  English  (1)  Tlie  first  Five  Books^  of 

'  \A  PariipiiTuse  upon  the  Psalms  of  David  (only)  set  lo 
new  Funesjor  I'rivate  Deinlion :  and  a  Thorough-Base  fur 
Voice  or  ImiTumenl :  By  Henry  hawes  (only)  Gentleman  of 
his  Maj:  Chappel  Royal.  And  in  this  edition  carefully  re- 
vised and  corrected  from  many  which  passed  informer  Im- 
pressions.    By  John  Playford.     Lond.   l67(j.  oct.     Wan- 


*  [The  second  ediiinn  contains  the  whole  of  the  Meta- 
morphoses- It  is  inscribed  to  the  king  and  qneen  in  distinct 
pwctical  addresses ;  in  the  latter  are  some  very  exquisite 

The  Muses,  by  your  fauour  blest, 
Fairequeeiie,  inuile  you  to  their  feast. 
The  Graces  will  reioyce,  and  sue. 
Since  so  excel'd,  lo  waiteon  you. 
Ambrosia  tasi,  which  frees  from  death. 
And  ncc-tar,  frap;r:iiii  as  your  breath. 
By  Hebe  fill'd,  who  states  the  prime 
Of  youth,  and  brailes  the  wingesof  time. 
Here,  in  Adonis'  gardens  grow 
What  neither  age  nor  winter  know: 
The  boy,  with  whom  Loue  seem'd  to  dy 
Bleeds  in  this  pale  anemony. 
Selfe-louM  Narcissus,  in  the  myrror 
Of  your  fiire  eyes,  now  sees  his  error. 
And  from  the  fluttering  foiintaine  turnes. 
The  hyacinth  no  longer  inournes. 
This  heliotrope,  which  did  pursue 
Th'  adored  sun,  converts  to  you. 
These  statues  touch,  and  they  agen 
Will  from  cold  marble  change  lo  men. 
Cha^t  Daphne  bends  her  virgin  boughs 
And  turnes  to  imbrace  your  sacred  browes : 

Ovid's  Metamorphosis.  Lond.  1627,'  32.  [Bodl. 
M.  1.  2.  Jur.*]  40.  fol.  mijthohgiz'd  and  expressed 
in  figures.  (2)  YirgiVs  first  Book  of  Mneis,  print- 
etl  with  the  former.  (3)  Tragedy  qfChrisfs  Pas- 
sion. Lond.  164().  [Bodl.  8vo.  A.  49.  Art.]  writ- 
ten in  Lat.  by  Hug.  Grotius;  to  which  trag.  Sandys 
put  also  notes."  Wliat  other  things  he  hath  written 
and  translated,  I  know  not,  nor  any  thing  else  of 
him,  only  that  he  being  then  or  lately  one  of  the 
gent,  of  the  privy  chamber  to  K.  Ch.  I.  gave  way 
to  fate  in  the  house  of  his  niece  the  latly  Margaret 
Wyat  (dau.  of  sir  Sam.  Sandys  and  widow  of  sir 
Francis  Wyat  kt.  grandson  to  sir  Tho.  Wyat  be- 
headed in  queen  Mary's  reign)  called  Boxley  abbey 
in  Kent,  in  the  beginning  of  March  in  sixteen  hun-  i64j. 
dred  forty  and  three,  and  was  buried  in  the  chancel 
of  the  parish  church  there,  near  to  the  door,  on  the 
south  side,  but  hath  no  remembrance  at  all  over  his 
grave,  nor  any  thing  at  that  place,  only  this  which 
stands  in  the  common  register  belonging  to  the  said 
church.  '  Georgius  Sandys  poetarum  Anglorum 
sui  saeculi  facile  princeps,  sepultus  fuit  Martii  7  stilo 
Anglic,  an.  dom.  1643.'  One  Tho.  Phillpot  M.  A. 
of  Clare  Hall  in  Cambr.  hath  in  his  Poems  printed 
at  Lond.  1646.  in  oct.  a  copy  of  verses,  not  to  be 
contemn'd,  on  his  death.'  I  find  another  George 
Sandys,  contemporary  with  the  foniier  and  a  knight, 
who  having  committed  felony,  was  executed  (at  Ty- 
burn as  it  seems)  on  the  fourth  of  March  1617. 

Their  tops  the  Paphian  myrtles  niniie. 
Saluting  you  their  Qiieene  of  Loue.] 

'  [See  some  account  of  an  edition,  purporting  to  be  the 
second,  London  l62l,  Itiuio,  in  Censura  Literariu,  vi.  132. 
The  first  folio  edit,  was  in  i626  :  the  eighth  edit,  was  8vo. 

"  ['  Ex  dono  Georgii  Sandys  armigeri,  translatoris,'  A" 
Domini  l63().] 

"  [A  very  neat  edition,  with  plates  by  Faithorne,  was 
printed  Lond.  l687,  8vo.] 

'  [1  am  indebted  to  E.  V.  Utlerson,  esq.  of  the  Six  Clerks 
Office,  for  these  lines,  who  is  in  possession  of  a  copy  of 
Phillpot's  Poems. 

On  the  Death  of  Mr.  George  Sandys. 
When  that  Arabian  bird,  the  phoenix  dies. 
Who  on  her  pile  of  spices  bedriil  lies. 
And  does  t'herselfe  a  sacrifice  become 
Making  her  graue  an  altar,  and  a  wombe, 
T'inclose  her  pregnant  du.-l,  she  can  redeem 
Those  ruincs  she  hersclfe  has  made,  and  teem 
With  a  new  plioenix:  but  now  Sandys  is  gone. 
And  melted  to  a  dissolution 
I'th  furnace  of  a  feaver,  can  his  vrne 
An  equall  fire,  or  interest  relume 
For  those  remains  it  keeps?    Alas,  we  here 
Are  wholly  beggar'd  ;   for  his  sepnicher 
Is  like  some  thrifty  steward,  put  in  trust 
To  take  account  of  every  grain  of  dust 
Tliat  mouldeti  from  the  fabrick  of  his  clay; 
But  when  the  generall  fire,  whicli  the  last  day 
Shall  sparkle  with,  shall  a  new  fl.ime  inspire 
Into  his  vrne,  and  that  pottick  fire 
Which  was  so  long  an  inmate  to  his  brest. 
Shall  be  call'd  forth  from  out  that  marble  chest. 
Where  it  now  lies  rak'd  up  amongst  the  dust. 
And  embers  of  his  clay  :  and  when  that  rust 



[I  make  no  apology  lor  giving  one  of  the  best 
poems  in  the  language,  whetlier  lor  sense,  or  senti- 
ment, or  expression.  And  be  it  remembered  that 
Pope  read  our  author  confessedly  with  delight,  and 
that  Dryden  pronounced  him  the  best  versiiier  of 
the  age. 

Deo  Opt.  Max. 
O  Thou  who  all  things  hast  of  nothing  made, 
Whose  hand  the  radiant  firmament  displaid. 
With  such  an  undiscerncd  swiftnes  hurl'd 
About  the  stedfast  centre  of  the  world ; 
Against  whose  rapid  course  the  restlesse  sun 
And  wandring  Haines  in  varied  motions  run ; 
Which  heat,  fight,  life,  infuse ;  time,  night  and  day 
Distingui-sh ;  in  our  humane  bodies  sway : 

Thatchoakes  it  up,  shall  be  dispersM,  the  light 

Of  this  infranchis'd  flame  shall  shine  so  bright 

Amidst  our  horison,  'twill  seem  to  be 

The  constellation  of  all  poetrie. 

Tell  me  not  then,  that  piramids  disband, 

And  drop  to  dust ;  that  Time's  imgcntlc  hand 

Has  criish'd  into  an  undigested  masse. 

And  heap  of  mines,  obelisques  of  brasse  ; 

That  our  perfidious  tombs  (as  loath  to  say 

We  once  had  life  and  being  too)  decay  ; 

And  that  those  flowers  of  beauty  which  do  grow 

In  ladies  cheeks,  amidst  a  bed  of  snow. 

Are  wither'd  on  their  stalk  ;  or  that  one  gust 

Of  a  bleake  ague  can  resolve  to  dust 

Those  hands  which  did  a  globe  and  scepter  hold. 

Or  that  that  head  which  wore  acrowne  of  gold. 

May  be  wrap'd  up  within  a  shroud  of  lead. 

Neglected,  and  forgot,  since  Sandys  is  dead  ; 

Within  whose  hrest  Wit's  empire  seem'd  to  be, 

And  in  whose  braine  a  mine  of  poetrie  ; 

For  who'l  not  now  confesse,  that  Time's  that  moth 

Which  frets  into  all  art,  and  nature  both  ; 

Since  he  who  seem'd  within  his  active  brain 

So  much  of  salt  and  verdure  to  contain. 

He  might  haus  ever  been  preserv'd,  is  gone. 

And  shrunk  away  into  corruption  : 

But  thest'  excursions  their  conception  owe 

To  passion,  or  from  our  wild  phansiesflow; 

All  that  we  now  do  is  to  returne 

Some  fl'iwers  of  poesie  unto  his  vrne, 

Which  being  burnt  in  his  own  funerall  flame, 

Wec'l  ofier  up  as  incense  to  his  name, 

W^hich  yet  by  ^entand  colour  will  be  known 

T'haue  sprang  from  him,  and  t'haue  been  first  his  own. 

And  if  these  Bowers  cannot  so  perfume 

Hi»  name,  but  that 'twill  (manger  these)  consume. 

Our  tears  sirew'd  on  it,  will  repeale  that  fate. 

And  in  his  wither'd  fame,  new  life  create; 

As  when  the  treasures  of  tlie  spring  arecrop'd 

And  by  uniimely  martyrdom  unlop'd. 

From  ofl  ihiir  stalke,  we  can  their  death  repreive. 

And  a  new  life  by  water  to  ihem  give  : 

So  now  when  Sandys  like  the  spring's  flowry  birlh. 

By  Death's  rude  siilie  is  mowed  from  off  the  earth. 

And  ihrowiie  into  a  grave,  to  wither  there 

Into  a  heap  of  ashes,  though  no  leare 

Can  piece  his  dust  ingether,  we  may  weep 

A  bath  of  tears,  in  which  we  yet  may  steep 

His  memorie,  which  will  (like  jT!son)  when 

'Tis  thus  manur'd,  grow  fresh  and  younii  agen ; 

And  being  thus  embalm'd,  a  relique  be  ~ 

To  be  ador'd  by  all  posterilie. 

Phillpoi's  Poemt,  l646.  IJrao.  p.  19.] 

That  hung'st  the  solid  earth  in  fleeting  aire, 
Veined  witli  cleare  springs,  which  ambient  seas  re- 

In  clotids  the  ir.ountaines  wrap  their  hoary  heads; 
Luxurious  valieies  cloth\l  with  flowrv  meatls : 
Her  trees  yield  fruit  and  shade ;  with  iilicrall  brests 
All  creatures  she  (their  common  mother)  feasts. 
Then  man  thy  iniiige  iiiad'st,  in  dignity, 
In  knowledge  and  in  beauty  like  U)  thee: 
Plac'd  in  a  heaven  on  earth :  without  his  tojle 
The  ever-flourishing  and  fruitfull  soile 
Vnpurchas"'d  food  produced,  all  creatures  were 
His  subiects,  serving  more  for  love  then  feare. 
He  knew  no  lord  but  thee — liut  when  he  fell 
From  his  obedience,  all  at  once  rebell, 
And  in  his  ruine  exercise  tlieir  might : 
Concurring  elements  against  him  nght : 
Troups  of  unknowne  diseases ;  sorrow,  age 
And  death  assaile  him  with  successive  rage. 
Hell  let  forth  all  her  furies ;  none  so  great 
As  man  to  man :  Ambition,  pride,  deceit. 
Wrong  arm'd  with  power,  lust,  rapine,  slaughter, 

And  flatter'd  vice  the  name  of  vertue  gain'd. 
Then  hils  beneath  the  swelling  waters  stood. 
And  all  the  globe  of  earth  was  but  one  floud — 
Yet  could  not  cleanse  their  guilt.     The  following 

Worse  than  their  fathers,  and  their  sons  more  ba."«c, 
Their  god-fike  beauty  lost,  sin's  wretched  thrawle, 
No  sparke  of  their  divine  originall 
Left  unextinguisht :  All  inveloped 
With  darknesse ;  in  their  bold  transgressions  dead. 
When  thou  didst  from  the  a  light  display, 
Which  rendred  to  the  world  a  clearer  day : 
Whose  precepts  from  hefs  jawes  our  steps  withdraw: 
And  whose  example  was  a  living  law : 
Who  purged  vs  with  his  blouil ;  the  way  prepar'd 
To  heaven,  and  those  long-chained  up  doores  un- 

How  infinite  thy  mercy  !  which  exceeds 
The  world  thou  mad'st,  as  well  as  our  misdeeds .' 
Which  greater  reverence  thy  iustice  wins. 
And  still  augments  thy  honour  by  our  sins. 
O  !  who  hath  tasted  of  thy  clemency 
In  greater  measure,  or  more  oft,  than  I  ! 
My  gratefull  verse  thy  gootlnes  shall  display, 
O  thou,  who  went'st  along  in  all  my  way  : 
Tp  where  the  morning  with  perfumed  wings 
From  the  high  mountaines  of  Panchasa  spnngs. 
To  that  new-found-out  world,  where  sober  mght 
Takes  from  th'antipodes  her  silent  flight ; 
To  those  darke  seas,  where  horrid  winter  reignes, 
And  binds  the  stubborne  flouds  in  icie  chaines : 
To  Libyan  wastes,  whose  thirst  no  showres  asswage, 
And  where  swolne  Nilus  ctxjls  the  lion's  rage. 
Thy  wonders  in  the  deepe  have  I  beheld. 
Yet  aU  by  those  on  Jtidah's  hills  exceU'd ; 
There,  where  the  Virgin's  son  his  doctrine  taught. 
His  miracles,  and  our  redemption  wTought : 
II  2 






Where  I,  by  Thee  inspired,  his  ])rui8cs  sung. 

Ami  on  his  sepulclire  my  offering  hung; 

AV^luch  way  so  e'ro  I  turne  my  faee  or  feet, 

I  see  tliy  glory,  ami  thy  mercy  meet. 

Met  on  tile  Thracian  shores ;  when  in  the  strife 

Of  frantick  Simoans  thou  preservMst  my  life. 

So  wlien  Arabian  thieves  belaid  vs  round. 

And  when,  by  all  abandoned.  Thee  I  found. 

That  false  Sidonian  wolfe,  whose  craft  ])ut  on 

A  slieepes  soft  fleece,  and  me  Beilercphon 

To  ruine  by  his  crucll  letter  sent, 

Thou  didst  by  thy  protecting  hand  prevent. 

Thou  sav"'dst  me  from  the  bloudy  ma.ssacres 

Of  faith-les  Indians ;  from  their  trcai'herous  wars ; 

From  raging  fcavers ;   from  the  sultry  breath 

Of  taintetl  au-e,  which  cloy'd  the  jawes  of  death. 

Preserv'd  from  swallowing  seas,  when  towring  waves 

Mixt  wth  the  clouds,  and  opened  their  deepc  graves. 

From  barbarous  pirats  ransom'd :  by  those  taught, 

Successfully  with  Salian  Moores  we  fought : 

Then  brought'st  me  home  in  safety,  that  this  earth 

Might  bury  me,  which  fed  me  from  my  birth : 

Blest  with  a  healthfull  age,  a  quiet  mind, 

Content  with  little  ;  to  this  worke  design'd  ; 

Which  I  at  length  have  finisht  by  thy  aid, 

Ajid  now  my  vowes  have  at  tliy  altar  paid. 

A  head  of  Sandys,  engraved  in  mezz.  from  an 
original  picture  at  Ombersley,  is  given  in  Na-sh's 
Hist,  of  Worcestershire,  ii,  224,  where  also  is  a 
portrait  of  Edwyn,  Ijefore  mentioned  vol.  ii.  col. 
472,  engraved  by  Val.  Green,  1776.] 

HANNIBAL  GAMMON,  a  Londoner  born 
and  a  gentleman's  son,  l)ecame  a  commoner  of 
BroadgateVhall  in  1599,  and  in  that  of  his  age  17, 
took  the  degrees  in  arts,  and  afterwards  was  made 
minister  of  S.  Maugan  in  Cornwall,  where  he  was 
much  frequented  by  the  puritannical  party  for  his 
edifying  and  practical  way  of  preaching.  He  hath 

Several  Sermons,  as  (1)  God''s  Smiting  to  Amend- 
ment, &c.  preached  at  the  Assizes  in  Laiinceston,  6 
Aug.  1628.  mi  Isa.  1.  5.^  Lond.  1629.  qu.  [Bodl. 
4to.  M.  45.  Th.]  (2)  Praise  of  a  godly  Woman, 
a  wedding  sermon,  &c.  Lond.  1627.  qu.  (3)  Ser- 
mon on  tlie  Lady  Roberts'' s  Funeral,  10  Aug.  1626, 
&c.  These  two  last  I  have  not  yet  seen,  nor  another 
Sermon  Preached  at  tlie  Assizes  in  Launceston, 
1621,  which  was  printed  that  year.  In  1641  he 
sided  with  the  presbyterians,  and  in  1643  he  was 
chosen  one  of  the  assembly  of  divines,  which  is  all  I 
yet  know  of  him. 

[It  seems  from  the  following  note  by  Dr.  Raw- 
linson,  that  Wood  has  confused  Gammon's  two 
sermons :  '  After  Praise  of  a  godly  Woman,  a  Ser- 
mon, add,  preached  at  the  solemne  Funerall  of  the 
right  Jumourabk  Ladie,  the  Ladie  Frances  Roberts, 

■  TDed.  to  his  loving  kin<^maii  Jontithan  Rashleigh  esq; 
and  the  vertuo'Js  gentlewoman  his  wife] 

at  Lamhide  Rock  church  in  Cornwall,  tlie  \0  of 
August  1626,  on  Prov.  31,  vers.  30.  Lond.  1627, 
4to.  dedicated  to  John  son  of  Richard,  loril  Roberts 
of  Truro.'     R.\wi,inson. 

In  Deg.  Whearc's  Epistolw  Eucluirist.  Oxon. 
1628,  (Bodl.  8vo.  W.  20.  Art^  are  two  letters  from 
Wheare  to  Gammon,  dated  1625,  1626.] 

"  FRANCIS  ROUS,  son  of  Franc.  Rous,  whom 
"  I  shall  mention  imder  the  year  1658,  was  born  in 
"  Cornwall  (at  Saltash  I  thmk)  bred  in  grammar 
"  learning  partly  in  his  own  country,  but  chiefly  in 
"  the  sch(K)l  at  F,aton  near  ^Vindsor,  where  he  be- 
"  gan  and  mostly  finished  (as  'tis  said)  the  Attic 
"  Antiquities,  of  which  the  society  of  the  coll.  there 
"  have  much  gloried,  that  a  youth  in  a  grammar 
"  school  should  be  able  to  attain  to  such  a  uegi-ee  of 
"  learning,  as  to  be  able  to  write  so  curious  a  piece. 
"  But  some  of  Merton  coll.  who  knew  him  well, 
"  have  often  said,  that  he  did  not  begin  it  till  after 
"  he  came  to  the  university,  for  which  being  fittetl 
"  he  was  made  one  of  the  Eaton  post-masters  of 
"  Merton  coll.  in  the  beginning  of  the  year  1634, 
"  and  in  that  of  his  age  19,  where  liapning  to  be 
"  put  under  a  g(X)d  tutor,  did  make  very  good  pro- 
"  flciency  in  learning,  and  wrote, 

"  Archccohgkv  Atticw  Lib.  3.  Three  Books  of  the 
"  Attic  Antiquities,  containing  the  Description  of 
"  the  Cities  Glory,  Governvwnt,  Division  of  tlie 
"  People,and  Toxcns  uithin  the  Atheman  Territory, 
"  &c.  Oxon.  1637.  qu.  From  which  year  to  this 
"  time,  it  being  noted  for  an  useful  book,  hath  since 
"  undergone  several  impressions.  Afterwards  the 
"  author  leaving  Mei-t.  coll.  retired  for  a  time  to 
"  Gloc.  hall,  the  principal  of  which  (Deg.  'Wheare) 
"  was  friend  to,  and  contemjx)rary  with,  his  father  in 
"  Broadgate's-hall.  From  thence  his  father  took 
"  him,  with  a  design  to  have  him  study  the  com- 
"  mon  law  in  one  of  the  inns  of  court,  but  finding 

that  his  inclinations  led  him  solely  to  the  study  of 

'  ihysic,  he  commanded  him  home  and  married 
im  to  the  daughter  of  sir  Rich.  Carew  ;  but  she 
"  living  not  much  more  than  an  year  with  him,  he 
"  again  returned  to  his  beloved  study  of  physic : 
"  and  contrary  to  all  the  jKJwerful  arguments  of  his 
"  father  used  to  the  contrary,  he  settled  himself  in 
"  London  much  alx)ut  the  time  the  long  parliament 
"  began,  an.  1640,  and  there  for  two  or  more  years 
"  he  practised  that  faculty,  and  got  not  only  a  re- 
"  nutation  among  learned  men,  but  a  considerable 
"  mcome  by  it.  At  length  in  the  flower  of  his  age, 
"  death  did  put  an  end  to  those  great  exj)ectations 
"  his  rare  parts  had  raised  in  his  friends,  about  six- 
"  teen  hiuidred  forty  and  three.  In  what  jjarish  he 
"  died,  or  in  what  church  he  was  buried,  none  of 
"  his  relations  living  in  1683  could  tell  mc,  or  my 
"  Cornish  friend." 

"  WILLIAM  THOMAS,  a  Welsh-man  bom, 
"  bred  in  Jesus  coll.  left  it  withoiU  a  degree,  was 








"  chose  burgess  for  the  to\vn  of  Caeruarvan  to  sit 
"  in  that  parliament  that  began  at  Westminster  3 
"  Nov.  1640,  wherein  he  shew'd  liimself  for  a  time 
"  a  bitter  enemv  against  the  bishops,  deans  and  the 
"  present  establishment  of  the  church.  But  seeing 
"  afterwards  what  desperate  courses  the  chief  part 
"  of  the  members  thereof  took,  he  left  them  (as 
"  many  did)  and  retired  to  his  majesty  at  Oxon, 
"  and  sate  in  the  parliament  there,  an.  1643.  Un- 
"  der  his  name  are, 

"  Several  Speeches,  as  (1)  Speech  in  Pari,  con- 
"  cerniiig  the  Riffht  of  B'lxliops  sitting  and  vothiff 
"  in  Parliament,  Sic.  It  is  a  sharp  and  historical 
"  speech,  touching  the  corruption  and  imsoundness 
"  of  the  present  e])iscopacy  and  church  government, 
"  as  also  of  the  unlawtulness  of  their  intermeddling 
"  in  secular  affairs,  and  using  civil  power,  and  the 
"  noxiousness  of  their  sitting  as  members  in  the 
"  UnxPs  house,  and  judges  in  that  high  court,  &c. 
"  He  was  sec(mded  by  Joh.  White  another  parlia- 
"  ment  man  (known  afterwards  by  the  name  of  Cen- 
"  tury  White)  and  divers  others  who  declared  the 
"  like  opinion.  (2)  Speech  in  Pari,  concerning 
"  Deans  and  their  Office,  &c.  In  which  he  tells  lis 
"  what  it  was  originall}',  and  what  it  then  (1641) 
"  was ;  and  endeavours  in-  the  said  spt>ech  to  prove 
"  the  office  of  deim  to  be  of  little  use,  and  therefore 
"  to  be  utterly  abolished.  It  was  spoken  in  June 
"  1641,  and  printed  soon  after  in  qu.  in  one  sheet 
"  or  more,  as  that  against  bishops  was.  What 
"  other  things  are  published  under,  or  without  his 
"  name,  I  know  not.  Sure  I  am  that,  repenting 
"  afterwards  of  what  he  had  said  and  done,  he 
"  turn\l  a  high  rovalist,  and  suffered  much  there- 
"  fore  for  it.  I  find  one  William  Thomas  of  Swan- 
"  zey  in  Glamorganshire  esc];  to  have  compounded 
"  for  his  estate  in  Goldsmith's-hall  about  1650  for 
"  being  a  royalist ;  which  perhaps  may  be  the  same 
"  with  the  former,  and  the  same  Will.  Thomas  who 
"  was  matriculated  as  a  member  of  Jesus  coll.  a 
"  Glamorganshire-man  bom,  and  a  gentleman's  son, 
"  on  the  3d  of  May  1616  aged  14  years.  Another 
"  family  of  Thomas  was  at  Wennow  in  the  said 
"  county,  of  whom  Edm.  Thomas  being  heir  in  the 
"  time  of  the  grand  rebellion  against  K.  Ch.  I.  he 
"  was  by  the  endeavours  of  his  friend  Philip  Jones 
"  and  his  kinsman  Walter  Strickland  both  of  Oli- 
"  ver  s  council,  made  a  lord  of  the  other  house,  i.  e. 
"  house  of  lords  to  Oliver.  This  lord  Thomas  had 
"  a  son  named  William  who  married  Mary  daugh. 
"  to  Philip  lord  Wharton,  by  whom  he  had  issue 
"  that  survived,  only  one  daughter  named  Anne, 
"  who  dying  a  maid  at  Pusey  in  Berkshire,  23  Aug. 
"  1694,  her  l)ody  was  conveyed  to  a  scat  belonging 
"  to  the  lord  Wharton  called  Uborne  near  Great 
"  Wycomb  in  Buckinghamshire,  and  there  in  the 
"  church  inter'd  on  the  13  of  Sept.  following.'" 

CALYBUTE  DOWNING,  the  eldest  .son  of 
Calyb.  Downing  of  Shennington  in  Gloucestershire, 

near  to  Banbury  in  Oxfordshire,  gent,  (lord  of  the 
manors  of  Sugarswell  and  Tysoe  m  Wurwickshirv-) 
became  a  commoner  of  Oriel  coll.  in  1623  antl  in 
that  of  his  age  17  or  therealKUits,  t<K)h  one  degree 
in  arts,''  compleated  it  by  determination,  and  tnen 
went,  as  it  seems,  to  Cambridge,  or  beyond  the  seas, 
where  taking  itnother  degree,  he  entred  into  orders, 
was  made  rector  of  Hickford,  (in  Bucks.)  doctor  of 
the  laws,  and  had,  (as  I  have  been  informetl  by  one 
that  well  knew  him)  the  rectory  of  West-Ildesley 
in  Berks  bestowcil  on  him.  AlM)ut  that  time,  he 
l)eing  a  competitor  for  the  wartlenshij)  of  Allfs.  coll. 
when  Dr.  Gub.  Shekhm  wa.s  elected,  out  lost  it,  did 
at  length  exchange  W.  Ildesley  for  tlie  rectory'  of 
Hackney  near  London  "  (where  archb.  I^aud  saith, 
"  he  settled  this  Dr.  Downing)"  and  was  a  great  suitor 
to  be  chaplain  to  Tho.  E.  of  Straflfbrtl  lord  lieute- 
nant of  Ireland,  thinking  that  employment  the  rea- 
diest way  to  be  a  bishop.  And  whilst  he  had  hopes 
of  that  preferment,  he  writ  stoutly  in  justification  of 
that  calling,  and  was  ready  ever  and  anon  to  main- 
tain it  in  all  discourses.  But  being  a  reputed  wea- 
thercock tliat  turn'd  which  way  soever  the  wind 
of  his  own  humour  and  ambition  blew  him,  did, 
upon  some  discontent,  watch  an  opportunity  to  gain 
preferment,  let  it  come  what  way  soever.  At  length 
being  esteemed  by  the  faction  to  be  a  man  fitted  for 
any  base  employment,  and  one  that  (what  ever  he 
counterfeited)  ever  looked  awry  on  the  church,  in 
which  (Ijeing  settled  and  in  }X'ace)  he  could  never 
hope  to  advance  further  than  rector  of  Hackney, 
was  by  them  sent  to  feel  the  pulse  of  the  great  city 
of  London.  While  therefore  discontents  did  rise 
high  in  the  north,  the  Scots  having  in  an  hostile 
manner  entred  the  kingdom,  the  people  every  wliere, 
especially  in  London,  stirred  up  by  some  agents  to 
petition  the  king  for  that  parliament,  whicli  began 
3  Nov.  1640,  our  author  Downing  did  then  (viz. 
on  the  first  of  Sept.  1640)  preach  to  tlie  brotherhood 
of  die  Artillery  Garden,  and  positively  affinncd  that 
for  defence  of  rehgion  and  reformation  of  the  church, 
it  was  lawful  to  take  up  arms  against  the  king.  He 
having  thus  kindled  the  fire  in  the  city,  did,  tor  fear 
of  being  questioned,  (for  then  it  was  not  lawful  to 
preach  treason)  retire  privately  to  Little  Lees  or 
Leighs  in  Essex,  the  house  of  Robert  earl  of  War- 
wick, and  common  rendezvouze  of  all  schismatical 
preachers  in  those  parts,  while  in  the  mean  time  his 
sermon,  which  did  administer  in  every  place  matter 
of  discourse,  was  censurd  as  people  stood  affected, 
and  in  fine  gave  occasion  to  the  ringleaders  of  the 
faction  to  enter  upon  serious  examination  and  study 
of  this  case  of  conscience :  and,  it  seems,  that  they 
consulting*  with  the  Jesuits  on  the  one  side,  and 
the  rigid  puritan  on  the  other;  or  indeed,  because 

'  [B.  A.  Calhutus  Downam,  coll.  Oriel,  Novemb.  20, 
16.'0.     Reg.  Congreg.  O.  fol.  275.  b.] 

*  [Wood  should  have  said  vicaragc.J 

*  See  a  Leller  from  Merc.  Civicus   to  Merc.   Rusticut. 
printed  1643.  qu.  p.  8. 






witliout  admitting  tliis  dwtrinc,  all  their  former  en- 
deavours would  vanish  into  snioak,  they  stotxl  doubt- 
ful no  lonirer,  but  dosed  with  tiiese  two  contrary 
jMirties,  yet  shakinj^  hands  in  this  point  of  rebellion, 
and  subscribing  to  the  doctrine  ot  Downing,  as  an 
evangelical  truth.  Upon  the  breaking  out  of  the  re- 
bellion soon  after,  he  became  chaplain  to  the  regi- 
ment of  John  lortl  Roberts  in  the  army  of  Robert 
earl  of  Essex,  where  he  preached  and  prayed  con- 
tinually iigainst  the  king  and  his  cause.  In  1643 
he  shewed  himself  a  grand  covenanter,  and  there- 
»ijx>n  was  made  one  of  the  assembly  of  divines ;  but 
leaving  them  soon  after,  he  sided  with  the  indepen- 
dents, and  preached  so  seditiously  that  he  was  com- 
monly* called  Youtig  Peters,  or  Hiiffh  Peters  the 
Second,  and  often  and  bitterly  preached  against 
such  citizens  of  London  that  shew'd  themselves  zeal- 
ous for  an  union  or  right  understanding  between 
the  king  and  his  parhamcnt.  But  l>ehold,  while  he 
was  in  the  height  of  these  diabolicid  and  rebellious 
actions,  he  was  suddenly,  and  as  I  may  say  most 
justly,  cut  off  from  the  face  of  the  earth  and  was  no 
more  seen.     His  works  are  these ; 

A  Discourse  of  the  State  Ecclesiastical  of  this 
Kingdom  in  Relation  to  tlie  Civil,  considered  under 
three  Conclusions,  8u:.  Oxon.  1633,  [Bodl.  4to.  M. 
31.  Jur.]  &c. 

A  Digression  discussing  some  ordinary  Excep- 
tions against  Ecclesiastical  Officers. — To  these  two 
discourses,  tho'  his  name  is  put,  yet  I  have  been  in- 
formed by  a  certain  D.  of  D.  then  living  and  well 
known  to  Dooming,  that  he  the  said  C.  Downing 
was  not  the  author  of  them.' 

A  Discovery  of  the  false  Grounds  the  Bavarian 
Party  Jiave  laid,  to  settle  their  ozvn,  Faction,  and 
shake  the  Peace  of  the  Empire,  "  considered  in  the 
"  Case  of  the  Detainure  of  the  Prince  Elector  Pala- 
"  tine  his  Dignities  and  Dominions,^  &c.  Lond. 
1641.  qu.    [Bodl.  C.  13.  13.  Line] 

Discourse  upon  the  Interest  of  England  consider- 
ed, in  the  Case  of  the  Detainure  of  trie  Prince  Elec- 
tor Palatine  his  Dignities  and  Dominions — sprinted 
witli  the  former  book  next  going  before. 

A  Discoursive  Conjecture  upon  the  Reasons  that 
produce  a  desired  Event  qftJie  present  Troubles  of 
Great  Britain,  different  from  those  of  Lozver  Ger- 
many, &c.  Lond.  1641.  qu.  &c. 

"  Considerations  towards  a  peaceable  ReformM- 
"  tion  in  Matters  Ecclesiastical.  Lond.  1641.  qu. 
"  one  sheet."    [Bodl.  C.  8.  29.  Line] 

Divers  Sermons,  as  (1)  Serm.  preached  before  the 
renowned  Company  of  Artillery  1  Sept.  1640  ;  on 

*  Tho.  Edwards,  in  Jiis  third  part  of  Ganercena,  I.  p. 
81.  82. 

'  [In  the  Bodleian  arc  two  edition-,  and  both  liave  a  dedi- 
cation to  WiUiani  earl  of  Salisbury,  in  which  Downing  calls 
himself  his  lordship's  observant  chaplain,  a  circumstance  not 
noticed  by  Wood.  The  second  edit,  of  the  Discourse  and 
Digressiori,  was  printed  Oxford,  l6'34,  4to.  See  Bodl.  4to. 
R.  II.  Jar.] 

Deut.  25.  17.  Lond.  Ifli2.  qti.    (2)  Fast  Serm.  be- 
fore the  H.  of  Commons  31  Aug.  1G42,  on  2  Thes. 

3.   ver.  2. (whether  printed  I  know  not,)  and 

others  which  I  have  not  yet  seen.  This  j)erson, 
who  had  a  hot  and  rambling  head,  laid  it  down  very 
unwillingly,  and  gave  up  the  ghost  at  Hackney, 
about  the  beginning  of  the  year  sixteen  lumdrcd  lC4t. 
forty  and  four,  to  the  great  grief  of  his  aged  father, 
who  died  in  Nov.  following.  This  Dr.  €al.  Down- 
ing was  father  to  a  son  of  his  own  temper  named 
George,"  a  sider  with  all  times  and  changes,  well 
skiird  in  the  common  cant,  and  a  preacher  sometimes 
to  boot,  a  man  of  note  in  Oliver's  day.s,  as  having 
been  by  him  sent  resident  to  the  lords  states  gene- 
ral of  the  United  Provinces,  a  soldier  in  Scotland, 
and  at  lengtli  scout-master  general  there,  and  a  bur- 
gess for  several  corporations  in  that  kingdom,  in 
parliaments  that  began  at  Westm.  in  1654  and  56. 
Upon  a  foresight  of  his  majesty  K.  Ch.  II.  his  re- 
storation he  wheeled  about,  took  all  opportunities 
to  shew  his  loyalty,  was  elected  burgess  tor  Morpeth 
in  Northumb.  to  serve  in  that  pari,  begun  at  Westm. 
8  May  1661,  was  about  that  time  sent  envoy  extra- 
ordinary into  Holland,'  where  to  shew  his  zeal  and 
love  to  his  majesty,  he  seized  on  three  regicides  at 
Delft  named  John  Barkstead,  Job.  Okey  and  Miles 
Corbet,  whom  he  forthwith  sent  into  England  to 
receive  the  reward  of  the  gallows.  Afterwards 
being  made  secretary  to  the  Treasury  and  one  of 
his  majesty''s  commissioners  of  the  Customs,  was  by 
the  name  of  sir  George  Downing  of  in 
Cambridgeshire  knight,  createcT  a  baronet  on  the 
first  of  July  1663. 

[Calybut.  Do\vning  commenceth  M.  A.  of  Peter- 
house  in  Cambridge,  1630.  Calybut.  Downing 
LLD.  coll.  Petr.  an.  1637.  Reg.  Acad.  Cant. 

Downing  did  not  die  vicar  of  Hackney  ;  he  re- 
signed that  preferment  and  was  succeeded  by  WUl. 
Spurstow,  May  3,  1643.'] 

BRIAN  TWYNE  son  of  Tho.  Twyne  (men- 
tioned before,  under  the  year  1613)  was  admitted 
scholar  of  Corp.  Ch.  coll.  in  a  Surrey  place  on  the 
18  Dec.  1594,  and  in  that  of  his  age  15  or  diere- 
abouts.     After  he  had  taken  the  degrees  in  arts,  he 

'  [Sir  George  Downing  was  of  Harvard  college  in  New 
Kngland  ;  being  the  second  graduate  in  that  catalogue,  anno 
|642.  See  Cotton  Mather's  Hist,  o/ New  England,  lib.  iv. 
p.  135,  6. 

Quidam  Geo.  Downing,  Suffolc.  adniissus  in  coll.  Regin. 
(Cantab.)  sizaior,  an.  1569.     Baker. 

In  the  Inauguraliu  Olivariana  Carmen  votivum,  aulore 
Filz-Pagano  Fisliero,  l(iS4,  4to.  is  an  epithalamium  '  In 
nuptias  viri  vcre  honoralissimi  Georgii  Downingi,  campo- 
exploratoris  generalissiini  Ike.  el  vere  nobilissims  Francisca 
Howard!  equuis  aurati  et  sororis  illustrissimi  Caroii  Howardi 
de  Naworlh  in  com.  Cumnrjei,'  Sec.     Ken  net.] 

'  [See  a  letter  from  him  dated  Hague,  June  S2,  l665, 
concerning  Van  Tromp  and  the  affairs  of  the  states  general, 
in  the  Lambeth  library,  Catalogue,  numb.  933,  fol.  89.] 

'  [Ncwcourt,  Reperlvrium,  i.  620.] 



was  admitted  ])robiitioiier  fellow  of  the  sjiid  house 
3  Jan.  1605 ;  about  which  time  entring  into  holy 
orders,  took  the  ilegree  of  bach,  of  div.  five  years 
after.  In  1614  he  was  made  Greek  reader  of  his 
college,  performed  his  duty  well,  and  about  1623 
left  that  aud  the  house  to  avoid  his  being  iiigaged 
in  a  faction  then  between  the  president  and  fellows ; 
knowing  very  \\'cll  that  if  he  favoured  either  side, 
expulsion  would  follow,  because  he  had  entred  into 
a  wrong  county  place.  Afterwards  he  became  vicar 
of  Rye  in  Sussex,'  (in  which  county,  at  Lewes,  as 
'tis  supposed  by  some,  he  was  born)  by  the  favour, 
as  it  seems,  of  the  earl  of  Dorset,  but  being  seldom 
resident  on  the  place,  he  spent  the  most  part  of  his 
time  in  Oxon,  in  certain  hired  kxlgings  in  Penver- 
thingstreet  in  the  parish  of  S.  Aldate,  where  he  con- 
tinued to  his  dying  day.  The  genius  of  this  person 
being  naturally  bent  to  the  study  of  history  and  an- 
tiquities, he  published  a  book  in  vindication  of  the 
antiquity  anci  dignity  of  the  university  of  Oxon, 
against  such  matters  that  Londinensis,  otherwise 
called  John  Cay,  had  smd  in  his  book  De  Antiqui- 
tate  Acad.  Cantab,  in  derogation  to  Oxon,  the  title 
of  it  is  this, 

Antiquitat'is  Academicv  Oxoniensis  Apologia,  in 
tre-s  Libros  divim.  Oxon.  1608.  [Bodl.  4to.  T.  22. 
Art.  Seld.]   To  which  books  are  these  things  added. 

Miscellanea  qiucdam  de  antiquis  Aulis  c^-  Stu- 
dentitim  Colleg-iis,  quondam,  <§•  hodie,  in  Univer- 
sitate  existentibus. 

Sxrnnmorum  Oxoniensls  Academice  Magistra- 
tuum,  hoc  est  Canceliariorum,  Commissariorum,  et 
Vicecancellariorum  oiecnon  Procuratorum,  &c.  Ca- 

In  the  aforesaid  Apology,  tho'  sufficient  judg- 
ment, yet  greater  reading,  is  shewed;  which  hath 
<x;casioned  many  understanding  men,  to  suppose, 
nay  rather  confidently  believe,  that  he  had  the  helps 
of  Tho.  Allen  and  Miles  Windsore'  in  the  compo- 
sition of  the  work,  es[x;cially  for  this  reason,  that 
when  he  had  fitted  it  for  the  ])ress,  he  was  scarce 
28  years  of  age.  Howsoever  it  is,  I  shall  not  pre- 
tend to  judge:  sure  I  am  that  notwithstanding  se- 
veral persons  have  endeavoured  to  pick  flaws  and 
errors  thence,  and  have  characteriz''d  it  to  be  rather 
a  rude  heap,  than  an  exact  pile,  yet  the  body  and 
general  part  of  it  remains  as  yet  unanswered.  The 
author  intended  to  reprint  the  said  work  with  addi- 
tions, collected  from  many  obscure  places,  but  the 
grand  rebellion  breaking  out  in  1642,  (in  the  time 
of  which  he  died)  his  design  was  frustrated,  and  the 

*  [Rye  vicarage,  Sussex,  scqiiesired  from  Bryan  Twine  lo 
John  fiealon.  Vifl.  Books  of  the  Commiltte  Jor  plundred 
Ministers.     Baker.] 

'  [Ilatl'.er  by  tlie  help  of  Tho.  Key's  MS.  E.ramen  Judirii 
Canlairigiensis  cujusdam,  /jtii  se  Londinensem  dicil,  nuper  de 
Oris^iiie  Academice  ulrinsque  lali;  which  Mr.  Wood  says 
(Athen^e,  i.  174)  was  got  into  tlie  hands  of  Allen  and 
Windsore,  of  whom  sec  an  account  col.  489,  574-  See  like- 
wise, col.  343.  mention  of  one  H.  Lyie,  who  wrote  on  the 
antiquities  of  the  university  of  Oxford.    Watts.] 

IxMik  it  self  interleav'd  and  filled  with  additions,  to- 
gether witli  many  rarities,  were,  when  the  great  fire 
hainied  in  Oxon  (which  was  .soon  after  his  death) 
either  burnt*  with  the  wherein  he  dietl,  (hav- 
ing been  there  left  by  his  executor)  or  else  then  con- 
veyed away  by  such  who  commonly  seek  advantage 
by  such  disastei's.  I  have  heard  some  masters  of 
arts,  who  then  bore  arms  for  liis  majesty  in  Oxon, 
say,  that  six  or  seven  volumes  of  his  collections  in 
quarto  (either  of  Greek,  mathematics,  i)hilosoj)hy, 
heralilry,  antiquities,  &c.  in  all  which  he  was  well 
read,)  were  offered  to  them  by  a  beggarly  soldier 
for  very  inconsiderable  prices ;  and  Dr.  Herb.  Pel- 
ham  sometimes  of  Magu.  coll.  hath  aver'd  it  for  an 
unquestionable  truth  that  two  or  three  vol.  were 
offered  to  him  by  such  indigent  persons  for  six  pence 
a  piece,  such  is  the  sordidness  of  ignorance  and  po- 
verty! Our  author  Twyne  was  of  a  melancholic 
temper  and  sedentary  life,  and  wholly  spent  his  time 
in  reading,  writing  and  contemplation.  He  made  it 
his  whole  endeavour  to  maintain  the  university  pri- 
vileges and  hberties  against  its  oppugners,  and  spent 
much  money  and  travel  for  that  purpose,  especially 
for  the  obtaining  copies  of  the  antieiit  charters  and 
bulls  which  formerly  had  been  granted  thereunto. 
He  left  no  library,  office,  or  place,  wherein  he 
thought  were  reposed  monuments  of  literature  and 
antiquity  un}x;rused,  exjwcting  in  them  something 
that  might  redound  to  the  honour  of  his  mother, 
making  thereby  an  incredible  pile  of  collections. 
But  so  it  was,  that  most  of  them,  except  some  which 
he  bequeathed  to  the  university  relating  to  contro- 
versial matters  between  the  two  corporations,  were, 
with  great  resentment  let  it  be  spoken,  lost  in  the 
said  fire.  Had  they,  or  his  interleav'd  b<x)k,  been 
saved,  the  work  of  the  Hist,  and  Antiq.  of  Oxon, 
which  was  some  years  since  pubhshed,  might  pro- 
bably have  been  spared,  or  at  least  have  come  sooner 
to  light,  with  much  gratitude  to  the  lucubrations  of 
this  industrious  antitjuary  ;  but  being  lost,  as  I  have 
told  you,  tlio'  Dr.  Langbaine  of  Qu.  coll.  and  one 
or  more  did  make  diligent  search  after  it,  I  was 
forced  to  peruse  the  records  in  all  those  jjlaccs,  wliich 
he  had  done  before,  nay  each  college  treasury  of 
muniments,  which  were,  except  one,  omitted  by  him, 
to  the  end  that  all  local  antiquities  in  Oxford,  and 
other  matters  of  antiquity,  not  well  understoo<l  by 
him,  might  be  by  me  known,  and  in  future  time  de- 
scribed, if  ever  the  Enghsh  copy  of  the  said  Hist, 
and  Antiq.  of  Oiron,  may  hereaif'ter  be  published : 
to  which  I  intend  to  add  the  antiquities  of  the  town 
or  city  of  Oxon.  Dr.  Laud  archb.  of  Cant,  had  an 
especial  respect  for  our  author  Twyne,  and  employ- 
ed him  in  drawing  up  the  university  statutes  now 

■•  [.VI r.  Smith  questions  the  truth  of  this,  and  speaks  as 
follows  : — '  You  may  trace  Mr.  Twine  lhr<i'  all  his  books, 
and  by  references  from  one  MS.  lo  another,  and  the  charac- 
ter for  every  volume,  I  cannot  find  certainly  that  any  more 
than  one  is  now  wanting.'    Annals  of  Univ.  Coll.  p.  175. 





in  use:  whicli  were  afterwards  corrected,  metho- 
dized and  tiirbisht  over  witli  excellent  Latin  by  Dr. 
Pet.  Turner  one  of  the  SaWUan  professors,  as  I  shall 
tell  you  hereafter.  In  the  said  noble  work  of  ga- 
thering the  statutes  together,  our  author  being  the 
chief,  if  not  the  only,  drudge,  (for  he  transcrilx;d 
them  all  under  his  own  hand)  he  was  rewarded  with 
the  place  of  Custos  Archivoruni.  founded  and  esta- 
blished by  the  chancellor  and  scholars  of  the  uni- 
versity ai'ter  the  statutes  were  compleated,  an.  1634. 
Whic-ii  place  he  enjoying  about  ten  years,  took  his 
last  farewell  of  this  worlcT  in  his  lodgings  in  S.  Al- 
date's  parish  before-mentioned,  on  the  fourth  day  of 
1644.  July  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  four.  After- 
wards his  lx)dy  was  buried  in  the  inner  chappel,  or 
choire  of  Coq).  Ch.  college,  to  which  house  he  had 
bequeathed  in  his  last  will  many  choice  books, 
whereof  some  were  MSS.  of  his  own  writing.  What 
I  have  further  to  observe  of  our  author  is,  that  tho' 
he  was  accounted  by  divers  persons  an  honest  plain 
man,  one  rather  industrious  than  judicious,  (not- 
withstanding well  skilled  in  the  mathematics)  cyni- 
[521  cal  than  facetious,  morose  than  pleasant,  clownish 
than  courteous,  close  than  communicative,  and  that 
he  was  evilly  spoken  of  by  the  Oxonian  vulgar,  as 
a  conjurer,'  or  one  busied  in  the  black  art,  a  be- 
trayer of  their  hl)ertics  and  I  know  not  what,  yet 
he  was  a  loving  and  a  constant  friend  to  his  mother 
the  university  and  to  his  college,  a  severe  student 
and  an  adorer  of  venerable  antiquity.  And  there- 
fore, forasmuch  as  his  love  was  so,  which  none  that 
knew  him  could  ever  say  to  the  contrary,  his  me- 
mory ought  to  be  respected  by  all  virtuous  and  good 

[J}i  Account  of  the  Mmter'mgs  qftJie  University 
of  Oxford,  with  otlier  Things  that  happened  there 
from  Auff.  9,  1642,  to  July  15,  I64ii,  inclusively. 
Printed,  from  an  original  MS.  '  written,  as  it  seems, 
by  Mr.  Brian  Twyne,'  by  Hearne,  in  his  Chron.  sivc 
Annul.  Prioratus  de  Dunstaple,  1733,  page  737. 

Letter  from  him  to  Camden,  dat.  24  Feb.  1622 ; 
MS.  Cotton,  Julius  C.  v.  which  has  been  inserted  in 
Smith's  edit.  Camdeni  Epistol.  Lond.  1691.  4to. 
By  the  way,  I  may  here  mention,  that  there  is  a 
very  valuable  copy  of  this  excellent  book  in  the 
Bodleian,  containing  a  great  number  of  collations 
and  notes  by  Smith,  who  left  the  vol.  to  Hearne, 
whence  it  came  into  the  hands  of  Dr.  llawlinson.] 

"  THOMAS  ROE,  son  of  Rob.  Roe  of  Low- 
Layton  near  Wanstcd  in  Essex,  a  younger  son 
of  sir  Tho.  Roe  knight,  lord  mayor  of  London, 
an.  1568,  by  Mary  his  wife  daugh.  of  sir  Joh. 
Gresham  kt.  was  born  at  Low-I^ayton,  and  when 
entring  into  his  teens  became  a  commoner  of 
Magd.  coll.  an.  1593,  by  the  indulgent  care  of 
his  mother,  then  the  wife  of  one  Berkley  of  Rend- 
comb  in  Glocestershire,  of  the  family  of  the  lord 

>  [See  Hutchinson  on  Witchcraft] 

"  Berkley.     But  before  the  time  was  come  that  he 
"  could  adorn,  or  l)e  adorned  with,  an  academical 
"  degree,  he  was  taken  from  the  .said  coll.  and  after 
"  some  time  spent  in  one  of  the  inns  of  court,  or  in 
"  France,  or  Ixitli,  he  was  made  esquire  of  the  body 
"  to  qu.  Elizabeth  in  the  latter  end  of  her  reign. 
"  On  the  28d  of  March  1604  he  received  the  honour 
"  of  knighthood  from  his  majesty  then  at  Green- 
"  wich,    and   sooji  after  was    sent  by  Pr.   Henry, 
"  upon  a  discovery  to  the  W.  Indies.     In  1614  no 
"  was  sent  ambassador  to  the  Great  Mogul  by  K. 
"  Jam.  I.  to  whose  honour  he  managed  all  things 
"  there  with  much  prudence  and  success.     In  1620 
"  he  was  elected  burgess  for  Cirencester  in  Gloces- 
"  tershire,  to  serve  in  that  pari,  that  began  30  of 
"  January,  and  in  1621  he  was  sent  ambassador  by 
"  the  said  K.  James  to  the  Grand  Seignior  in  the 
"  time  of  Osnian,  Mustaphaand  Amurat."  In  whose 
"  country  our  nation  of  England  enjoys  the  happy 
"  effects  of  his  negotiations  to  this  day.    For  belbre 
"  his  time  the  affairs  of  our  merchants  there  were 
"  in  great  disorder,  and  little  regard  was  ha<l  to  the 
"  capitulations  and  privileges  accorded  to  by  the 
"  Gr.  Seignior,  either  to  our  nation,  or  any  other, 
"  he  having  to  his  immortal  reputation'  recovered 
"  the  respect  due  to  ambassadors,  which  had  been 
"  utterly  lost  for  several  years  before,  by  a  siicces- 
"  sion  of  insolent  viziers ;  and  that  he  deserveil  most 
"  highly,  not  only  of  the  Greek  church  by  his  gene- 
"  rous  protection  of  it  against  those  who  endeavour- 
"  ed  (to  their  power)  to  destroy  its  very  being,  but 
"  of  Christendom  in  general,  and  particularly  of  Po- 
"  land,   which    K.  Sigismond   acknowledged  with 
"  great  respect  and  thanks  in  a  letter  written  from 
"  Warsaw  m  the  month  of  Sept.  1622.     In  the  lat- 
"  ter  end  of  1629  he  was  sent  ambassador  to  the  K. 
"  of  Poland  and  Sweedland,  and  soon  after,  twice 
"  to  the  king  of  Denmark  and  divers  princes  in  Ger- 
"  many.     In  1640,  Oct.  17,  he  was  elected  burgess 
"  for  the  univ.  of  Oxon  to  serve  in  that  parliament 
"  which  began  at  Westminster  on  the  3  of  Nov.  the 
"  same  year ;  wherein  he  shewed  himself  a  person 
"  of  great  reason  and  elocution.     In  the  beginning 
"  of  July  1641  his  maj.  K.  Ch.  I.  acquainted  his 
"  parliament  with  his  purpose  to  send  the  said  sir 
"  Tho.  Roe  ambassador  to  the  emperor,  to  be  pre- 
"  sent  at  the  diet  at  llatislx)ne,   and  there  to  me- 
"  diate  on  the  behalf  of  the  prince  elector,  and  his 
"  intent  to  pubhsh  a  manifesto  in  his  own  name 
"  about  this  business :  to  which  the  parliament  as- 
"  senting  the  said  sir  Thomas  s(X)n  after  went  to 
"  the  said  emperor  and  all  the  princes  of  Germany 
"  that  then  met  at  Ratisbone.     At  which  time  the 
"  emp.  having  received  experience  of  the  great  abi- 

^  [See  a  letter  from  him  dated  Constantinople  l623,  to 
Mr.  Secretary  Calvert.    MS.  Cotton,  Titus  B.  vii,  474.] 

'  "  See  more  in  a  book  cntit.  An  Account  of  the  Greek 
"  Church,  kc.  Lond.  l()80,  p.  252,  S53,  written  by  Tho. 
"  Smith  D.  D.  of  Magd.  coll.  in  Oxon." 



"  litics  of  sir  Thomas,  would  several  times  say  in 
"  public,  '  I  have  met  with  inaiiy  gallant  persons  of 
"  many  nations,  but  I  scarce  ever  met  with  an  am- 
"  bassacUn*  till  now.'  After  his  return,  he  was  made 
"  by  K.  ("h.  I.  chancellor  of  the  Garter,  and  one  of 
"  his  majesty's  privy-counsellors.  In  all  which  em- 
"  ployments,  whether  domestic  or  foreign,  he  did 
"  manifestly  shew  what  eminence  there  was  treasur'd 
[53]  "  up  in  him,  and  what  admirable  parts  he  wa.s  en- 
"  dewed  with.  The  truth  is,  those  that  knew  him 
"  well,  have  said,  that  there  was  nothing  wanting 
"  in  him  towards  the  accomplishment  of  a  .scholar, 
"  gentleman  or  courtier ;  that  also,  as  he  was  learn- 
"  ed,  so  was  he  a  great  encourager  and  promoter  of 
"  learning  and  learned  men.  His  spirit  was  ge- 
"  nerous  and  public,  and  his  heart  iaithful  to  his 
"  prince.  He  was  a  great  statesman,  as  good  a  com- 
"  monwealth's  man,  and  as  sound  a  Cliristian  as  our 
"  nation  hath  had  in  many  ages.  Under  his  name 
"  do  go  these  things  following, 

"  A  true  and  faithful  Relation,  represented  to 
"  his  Maj.  and  the  Prince,  of  what  hath  lately  hap- 
"  ned  in  Constantinople,  concerning  the  Death  of 
"  Sultan  Osman,  and  the  setting  up  of  Mustapha 
"  his  Uncle.  Lond.  1622.  qu. 

"  Contimmtion  of  the  same  Story — sprinted  with 
"  the  former  Relation. 

"  Letters  from  the  Court  of  the  Great  Mogul  in 

"  East  India. These  letters,  which  were  tlated 

"  20  Jan.  1615,  .'50  Oct.  1616,  and  30  Nov.  the 
"  same  year,  you  may  see  in  Sam.  Purchas  his  Pil- 
'^  grims,  part  1.  lx)ok  4.  chap.  16.  §.  10. 

"  Several  speeches  in  parliament,  and  elsewhere, 
"  as  (1)  Speech  at  the  Council  Table  touching  brass 
"  Money,  or  against  brass  Money;  in  Jul.  1640. 
"  Lond.  1641.  qu.  [Bodl.  C.  13.  13.  Line]  (2) 
"  Sp.  in  Pari,  wherein  is  shezv'd  the  Cause  of  the 
"  Decay  of  Coin,  and  Trade  in  this  Land,  espe- 
"  daily  of  Merchants  Trade,  Stc.  Lond.  1641.  qu.* 
"  (3)  Speech  or  Reports  from  the  Committee  to  the 
"  Commons  House  in  Parliament,  An.  1640,  which 
"  speech  mostly  relates  to  .sir  Joh.  Finch,  lord 
"  keeper  and  his  speech  in  parliament,  &c. 

"  Compendious  Relation  of  the  Proceedings  and 
"  Acts  of  the  Imperial  Dyet  held  at  Ratisbon,  in 
"  the  Year  1640  and  1641,  abstracted  out  of  tlie 

"  Diary  of  the  Colleges. This  is  yet  in  MS.  in 

"  the  hands  of  Dr.  Tho.  Smith  of  Magd.  coll.  in 
"  Oxoii,  and  hath  this  beginning.  Before  I  relate 
"  what  was  enacted,  &.c. 

"  Journal  cf  several  Proceedings  of  the  Knights 

"  of  the  Order  of  the  Garter This,  which  is  yet 

"  '  1  MS.'  is  several  times  cited  by  Elias  Ashmole 
"  esq;  in  his  great  volume,  entit.  The  Institution, 
"  Laws,  and  Ceremonies  of  the  most  noble  Order  of 
"  the  Garter,  published  in  1672.  fol.     I  have  been 

'  [On  lliis  subject,  he  wrote,  it  seems,  a  distinct  treatise. 
See  MS.  Harl.  66g5.  Treatise  touching  lite  Decay  of  Trade, 
the  Causes  and  the  Cures.'\ 

"  [MS.  Ashmole  7387.T 

Vol.  III. 

"  also  told  that  liis  Jtmrnetf  into  E.  India  to  tlie 
"  Gr.  Mogul  IS  printed  by  it  self,  or  at  least  joyn- 
"  cd  to  a  translation  of  a  lxx)k  out  of  the  Itahan 
"  tongue,  but  such  I  have  not  yet  seen.'  He  al*) 
"  translatetl  into  English  A  Discmirse  concerning 
"  the  King  <f  Spain\H  Surprizing  if  the  Vallidine : 
"  when,  or  where  printed  I  cannot  yet  find.  At 
"  length  this  worthy  person  sir  Tfio.  Roe,  did, 
"  after  all  his  voyages  and  raxnblings,  take  a  little 
"  breath ;  but  soon  after,  seeing  how  untowardly 
"  things  went  between  the  king  and  his  parliament, 
"  did  willingly  surrender  it  to  him  that  first  gave  it, 
"  on  the  sixth  day  of  Novemb.  in  sixteen  hundred 
"  forty  and  four,  and  two  days  after  that,  his  Ixxiy 
"  was  buried  privately  in  the  church  of  Woodford 
"  near  to  Wansted  in  Essex.  He  gave  several 
"  choice  books  to  the  Bodleian  library  while  he  was 
"  living,  and  after  his  death  his  relict,  named  Elca- 
"  nor,  did,  according  to  the  defunct's  will,  put  into 
"  the  hands  of  Dr.  Gerard  Langbaine  242  silver 
"  medals,  which  were  deliveretl  to  the  head  keeper 
"  of  the  said  library.  I  shall  gratify  the  reader 
"  with  a  most  noble  epitaph  made  for  him  by  the 
"  said  Langbaine,  but  for  what  reason  it  was  not 
"  put  over  his  grave  I  know  not :  and  is  as  follows : 
"  Hie  situs  est  Thomas  Rowe,  ordinis  equestiis, 
"  qui  familiae,  alias  luculentie,  ex  qvia  prodiit,  lucem 
"  a  se  intulit.  Juvenis  adhuc,  tyrocinium  posuit  in 
"  xYcademia  Oxonicnsi,  cui  jwstea,  eo  nomine,  am- 
"  })lissimum  didactrum  gi'atus  rependit.  Scil.  MSS. 
"  cod.  Grfficos  &  Arabicos  selectissimos ;  necnon 
"  uberrimum  antiquitatis  thesaurum,  numismata 
"  antiqua  quaniplurima,  pretiosissimum  KsfiijAJsr, 
"  &  duratura  acl  postcros  memoria,  quoad  studiis 
"  honos  aut  pretium,  nee  literarum  immortale  fas 

«  \Thc  Travels  o/Sig.  Pietro  delta  Falle,  a  nolle  Roman, 
into  East  India  and  Arabia  Deserta.  In  which,  the  several 
Countries,  together  with  the  Customs,  Manners,  Traffique, 
and  Rites  loth  religious  and  civil,  of  those  Oriental  Princes 
and  Nations,  are  faithfully  described:  In  familiar  Letters 
to  his  Friend  Sigtiior  Mario  Schipano.  Whereunto  is  added 
a  Relation  of  Sir  Thomas  Roe's  Voyage  into  the  East-Indies. 
London,  Printed  by  J.  Macock,  for  Henry  Herringman,  and 
arc  to  be  sold  at  his  Shop  at  the  Blew  Anchor  in  the  Lower- 
Walk  of  the  New  E.rchange.  j60'6.  folio,  cont.  pp.  480. 
Decl.  to  Koger,  earl  of  Orrery,  by  G.  Havers.  Bo<ll.  E.  1. 
l(j.  Art. 

This  however  is  not  sir  Thomas  Rowe's  account,  but  was 
written  by  his  chaphiin,  as  he  himself  tells  us  at  p.  344. — 
'  Thus  afier  a  long  and  iroublcsom,  and  dangerous  passage, 
we  came  at  last  to  our  desired  yion  (Swally.)  And  imme- 
diately after  my  arrival  there,  I  was  sent  for  by  sir  Thomas 
Row,  lord  embassadour,  then  residing  at  the  mogol's  court 
(which  was  very  many  miles  up  the  country)  to  supply  the 
room  of  Mr.  John  Hall  his  chaplain  (fellow  of  Corpus 
Ohristi  collcdf;  in  Oxford)  whom  he  had  not  long  before  bu- 
ried. And  1  lived  with  that  most  noble  gentleman  at  that 
court  more  than  two  years,  after  which  1  returned  home  to 
England  with  him.'  The  writer  of  this  account  tells  us  also, 
that  he  was  for  some  months  chamber-fellow  or  tent-mate 
with  the  celebrated  Thomas  Coryat,  who  was  calle«l  by 
those  who  knew  him  and  his  story,  '  Greek-travelling  Tho- 
mas.' See  the  book  for  some  curious  particulars  of  this  cu- 
rious wanderer.] 






"  obliterabit  taiuU'in  piulcnda  sfreuli  l)arl)aries. 
"  Postquam  ex  uinbraculis  acailemicis  ejiUTsit,  fiu 
"  msequc  vadiini  ingressus  in  solem  &  pulverem 
"  processit ;  in  aiila  regia  meruit  primum  regin. 
"  Elizaliethffi  extra  ordinem  coriwre-c^iistos ;  postea, 
"  aiispiciis  jussuq;  sereniss.  pnnc-ipis  Henrici,  In- 
"  diam  occidcntalenj  perlustravit ;  si  qiiam  jxiste- 
"  ris  honoris,  coinmcKiive  niateriani,  niajonnn  dili- 
"  gentia  reliquisset  intattani,  cxploraturus.  Deinde, 
"  jiassis  honoris  velis,  solisque  aemulus  noniinis  sui 
"  splendorem  utroque  oceano  circiinif'erens,  varias 
"  splendidissimasque  legationes  obivit. 

C  Miocxiv.  ad  Magnum  quern  vocant,  Mo- 
cioiocxxxi.  ad  potentiss.  Turcarum  Im- 
perat.  Osmannum,  Musta- 
phain,  Amurathem. 

A.  D. 

ciDi.ic— ^  atl  Ser.  R.R.  Poloniaj  &  Suecia? 

'  XXX 

Ser.  R.  Dania:  variosque 
Germaniaj  Principes,  bis. 
ciDiDCXLi.  ad  Aug.  German.  Imp.  reli- 
quoscjue  Inqjerii  Prmcipes. 
*'  His  legationibus  perfunctus,  cum  &  aetas  jam  de- 
"  vexa,  &  corporis  mfirmitas,  gloriaeque  quaedam  sa- 
"  tietas,  receptui  canendum  monerent,  domum  re- 
"  versus,  a  sereniss.  R.  Carolo  non  inane  opera;  pre- 
"  tium  tulit,  cancellarius  honoratiss.  Ordmis  Aur. 
*'  Periscelidis  renuntiatus,  tk,  sanctior.  Reg.  conciliis 
"  adhibitus.  Demum,  ille  tot  regnorum,  dissitorum 
"  internuntius,  dissidentium  coagulum ;  ilJe  fade- 
''  rum  intcrpres,  &  paeis  publicae  sequester ;  ille 
"  duonmi  reg.  Jacobi  &  Caroli,  ad  quinque  impe- 
"  ratores,  tres  reges,  legatus ;  depo.sita  tandem  pcr- 
"  sonii,  lionorum  et  annorum  satur,  cessit  c  scena, 
"  propitii  numinis  indidgentia  praereptus  opportune, 
"  ne  funestam  regni  catastropnen,  paulo  post  inse- 
*'  quutam,  spectaret.  Decessit  an.  Uom.  ciaiocxLiv, 
"  &c.  To  this  sir  Tho.  Roe  was  nearly  related  Mr. 
"  Hen.  Roe  a  discreet  gent,  sometimes  feUow  of 
"  Trinity  coll.  in  Cambridge,  who  going  with  the 
"  lord  A.shton,  as  his  servant,  when  he  went  ambas- 
"  sador  into  Spain  alxiut  1620,  suffered  great  trou- 
*'  bles  by  the  mquisiticm  there,  as  you  may  see  at 
"  large  in  a  b<x)k  entit.  Further  Observations  of  the 
"  English  Spanish  Pilgrim  concerning  Spain,  &c. 
"  Lond.  1630.  qu.  p.  18,  19,  &c.  written  by  James 
"  Wadsworth,  gent.'" 

[In  1740  were  printed  Tfie  Negotiation.^  of  Sir 
Thomas  Roe,  in  his  Embassy  to  tfie  Ottoman  Porte, 
frrnn  the  Year  1621  to  1628  inclusive.  London 
'  at  the  expence  of  the  society  for  the  encouragement 
of  learning'  1740,  folio.  It  wa-s  originally  proposed 
to  print  the  whole  of  these  very  valuable  collections, 
in  five  volumes,  with  a  life,  index,  &c.  but  the 
design  was  dropped  for  want  of  sufficient  encourage- 

In  the  Bodleian  is  a  MS.  entitl«l  My  Harts  Dis- 
rhardge.  To  the  right  worshipfull  his  very  louinge 
Brother  Mayster  Henry  Rowe,  Esquire,  and  Bar- 
roun  of  Slaptou7i,  ana  the  worshipfull  his  well 

respected  Sister  Mist  ris  Susanna  Halliday,  pa- 
tricii  inclita  Ciuitatis  Londini,  perfect  Health, 
with-  Encrease  of  true  Happines  bee  wished  By 
Tlurmas  Ronce.  Manet  in.tontcm  grauis  exitus. 
Stoad  tlie  31  Marche  Anno  Domini  1616.  MS.  in 
4to.  Rawl.  Misc.  143. 

Vertue  engraved  a  head  of  Rowe  from  a  pmnting 
by  M.  M.  a  Delpli,  1741,  in  folio.] 

REES  PRICHARD  was  bom,  as  it  seems,  at 
Llanymodyfri  in  Caermarthenshire,  and  being  edu- 
cated in  those  parts,  he  was  sent  to  Jesus  coll.  in 
1597,  aged  18  years  or  thereabouts,  ordained  priest 
at  Wittham  or  Wytham  in  Essex  by  John  suffragan 
bishop  of  Colchester,  on  Sunday  25  Apr.  1602, 
took  the  degree  of  bach,  of  arts  m  June  following, 
and  on  the  sixth  of  Aug.  the  same  year  had  the 
vicaridge  of  Llanymodyfri  before-mention'd,  com- 
monly called  Landovery  collated  on  him  by  Anthony 
bishop  of  S.  David.  On  the  19  of  Nov.  1613  he 
was  instituted  rector  of  Llamedy  in  the  dioc.  of  S. 
David,  (presented  thereunto  by  the  king,)  which  he 
held  with  the  other  living  by  dispensation  from  the 
archb.  28  Oct.  1613,  confirmed  by  the  great  seal  on 
the  29  of  the  same  month,  and  qualified  by  being 
chaplain  to  Robert  earl  of  Essex.  In  1614,  May 
17,  ne  was  made  prebendary  of  the  coUegiate  church 
of  Brecknock  by  the  aforesaid  Anthony  bishop  of 
S.  David ;  and  by  the  title  of  master  of  arts  (which 
degree  he  was  persuaded  to  take  by  Dr.  Laud  his 
diocesan)  he  was  made  chancellor  of  S.  David  (to 
which  the  prebend  of  Llowhatlden  is  annex'd)  on 
the  14  of  Sept.  1626,  upon  the  resignation  of  Rich. 
Baylie  bach,  of  div.  of  S.  John's  coll.  In  Wales  is 
a  book  of  his  composition  that  is  common  among  the 
people  there,  and  bears  this  title ; 

Gwaith  Mr.  Rees  Pricliard,  Gynt  Ficcer,  &c. 
Tlie  Wcrrks  of  Mr.  Rees  Prichard  sometimes  Vicar 
of  Landovery  in  Caermarthenshire,  printed  before 
in  3  Books,  but  now  printed  together  in  one  Book, 
^c.  with  an  Addition  in  many  Things  out  ofMSS. 
not  seen  before  by  tfie  Publisher;  besides  a  fourth 
part  now  the  jirst  time  impfinted.  Lond.  l672.  in 
a  thick  Oct.*  It  contains  four  parts,  and  the  whole 
consists  of  several  poems  and  pious  carols  in  Welsh, 
which  some  of  the  author's  countrymen  commit  to 
memory,  and  are  wont  to  sing.  He  also  translated 
divers  books  into  Welsh,  and  wrote  something  upon 
the  39  articles ;  which,  whether  printed  I  know  not: 
some  of  it  I  have  seen  in  MS.  He  died  at  Llany 
modyfri  about  the  month  of  Nov.  in  sixteen  hundred 
forty  and  four,  and  was,  as  I  presume,  buried  in  the  '^^■*- 
church  there.'     In  his  life  time  he  gave  lands  worth 

'  [This  book,  of  which  Mr.  Stephen  Huehes  publish'd 
many  editions,  occasion'd  many  hundreds  of  the  ignorant 
Welch,  who  delight  in  songs,  to  learn  to  read  their  own  lan- 
guage.    Calamy,  Ejected  Ministers,  ii.  718.] 

'  [Nelson,  in  his  Life  of  Bishop  Bull,  gives  us  the  follow- 
ing account  of  that  prelate's  wish  to  be  buried  near  Prichard  : 
— '  When  he  was  asked,  where  he  would  be  buried,  whe- 
ther at  Caermarthen  or  Brecknock,  he  returned  this  answer. 




20/.  jM-T  ann.  for  the  settling  a  free  school  at  I>lany- 
mody fri,  together  with  an  liousc  to  keep  it  in.  After- 
wards the  house  was  possessed  by  four  school- 
masters successively,  and  the  money  paid  to  them. 
At  length  Tho.  Manwaring  (son  of  Roger  some- 
times bishop  of  St.  David)  who  married  Elizab.  the 
only  daugh.  of  Samuel,  son  of  the  said  Rees  Pri- 
chard,  did  retain,  (as  I  have  been  informed  by  let- 
[55]  ters  thence)  and  seise  upon,  the  said  lands  under 
pretence  of  paying  the  school-master  in  money, 
which  accordingly  was  done  for  an  year  or  two. 
But  not  long  after  (as  my  informer  tells  me)  the 
river  To^vry  breaking  into  the  house,  carried  it 
away,  and  the  lands  belonging  thereunto  are  occu- 
pied at  this  time  (1682)  by  Rog.  Manwaring  son 
and  heir  of  Thomas  before-mentioned ;  so  that  the 
school  is  in  a  manner  quite  forgotten. 

WILLIAM  LAUD,*  the  son  of  a  father  of  both 
his  names,*  by  Lucia  his  wife,  the  widow  of  John 

Where  the  tree  fallelh  there  let  it  lie ;  meaning,  that  they 
should  bury  him  in  the  parish  church  of  Lhandoveryj  and 
what  still  further  inclined  him  to  this  determination,  was  the 
extraordinaiy  value  and  respect,  which  the  bishop  express- 
ed to  the  memory  of  Mr.  llecs  Prichard,  formerly  vicar  of 
that  place,  interred  there,  upon  the  account  of  his  great  and 
celebrated  piety,  and  the  usefulness  of  his  excellent  poems  in 
the  Welsh  tongue  ;  which  are  in  very  great  repute  among  ihe 
inhabitants  of  that  country,  as  well  for  the  plainness  of  the 
languaec,  and  the  easiness  and  smoothness  of  the  measures, 
as  ftjr  tlie  importance  of  the  subjects  upon  which  he  wrote. 
The  whole  book  being  in  a  manner  an  entire  body  of  prac- 
tical divinity,  in  which  several  of  the  natives,  even  those 
that  arc  illiterate,  are  so  well  versed,  that  they  will  very  per- 
tinently quote  authorities  out  of  this  book  for  their  faith  and 
practise.'  Page  474.] 

■*  This  life  of  Laud  differs  so  materially  from  the  account 
published  by  Woml  in  his  first  edition,  that,  as  it  vvas  utterly 
impossible  to  point  out  ihc  variations  in  the  margin,  I  have 
given  the  whole,  as  it  originally  appeared,  in  a  note. 

WILLIAM  LAUU  son  of  Will.  Laud  by  Lucia  his  wife, 
widdow  of  Job.  Robinson  of  Reading  in  Berks,  and  daugh. 
of  Job.  Webbe  of  the  same  place,  was  born  in  S.  Lourence 
parish  in  the  said  borough  of  Reading,  on  the  ?.  of  Octob. 
1573,  educated  in  the  free-school  there,  elected  scholar  of  S. 
Johns  coll.  in  ISQO,  where  going  thro  with  great  diligence 
the  usual  forms  of  logic  and  philosophy  under  the  tuition  of 
Dr.  John  Buckeridge,  was  made  fellow  in  1504,  and  four 
years  after  mast,  of  arts,  at  which  time  he  was  esteemed  by 
all  those  that  knew  him  a  very  forward  and  zealous  person. 
About  that  time  entring  into  the  sacred  function,  he  read  the 
divinity  lecture  newly  set  up  in  the  coll.  and  maintained  by 
one  Mrs.  . . .  May.  In  l603  he  was  elected  one  of  the  proc- 
tors of  the  university,  and  became  chaplain  to  the  earl  of 
Devonshire,  which  proved  his  happiness,  and  gave  him  hopes 
of  greater  preferment.  In  l604  he  was  admitted  to  the  read- 
ing of  the  sentences,  and  in  l()07he  became  vicar  of  Stanford 
in  Northamptonshire.  In  the  year  following  he  proceeded 
D.  of  div.  and  was  made  chaplain  to  Dr.  Neile  bishop  of  Ro- 

'  (This  libel  upon  him  in  the  Scots  Scouts  Discoveries, 
Lond.  l642. — His  father  was  a  clothier,  his  mother  a  spin- 
ster ;  he  was  from  his  cradle  ordained  to  be  a  punisher  of 
poor  people,  for  he  was  born  between  the  stocKs  and  the 
cage,  which  a  courtier  one  day  chaunced  to  speak  of,  where- 
upon his  grace  remov'd  them  thence,  and  puU'd  down  his 
father's  thatch'd  house  and  built  a  fair  one  in  the  place.— 

Robinson  of  Reading  in  Berks,  and  daughter  of 
John  Webbe  of  the  same  place,  (which  John  Webbe 

Chester.  In  iGOJ)  he  became  rector  of  Weil-Tilbury  in 
Essex,  for  which  he  exchanged  his  advowson  of  Norlh-Kil- 
worth  in  Leicestershire.  The  next  year  his  |)atron  the  bishop 
of  Rochester  gave  him  the  rectory  of  Kuckslonc  in  Kent,  but 
that  place  proving  unhcalthful  to  him,  he  left  it,  and  was  in- 
ducted into  Norton  by  proxy.  The  same  year  viz.  I6l0  he 
resign'd  his  fellowship,  and  the  year  following  he  was  elected 
prejident  of  his  college.  In  l6i4  hisj>atron,  then  bishop  of 
Lincoln,  gave  him  a  prebendship  in  that  church,  and  after 
thatthearch-deaconry  of  Huntingdon,  an.  l()16,onthedcathof 
Matthew  Gifford  master  of  arts.  In  the  year  I6l6  the  king 
pave  him  the  deanery  of  Glocester  after  the  death  of  Dr.  Rich. 
Field,  and  in  the  year  following  he  became  rector  of  Ibstock 
in  Leicestershire.  In  l620  Jan.  S2.  he  was  installed  canon 
or  prebendary  of  the  eighth  stall  in  the  church  of  West- 
minster, (in  the  place  of  Edw.  Buckley  D.D.  who  had  suc- 
ceeded Will.  Latymer  in  that  dignity  1589.)  and  the  next 
year  after,  his  majesty  (who  upon  his  own  confession  had 
given  to  him  nothing  but  the  deanery  of  Glocester,  which  he 
well  knew  was  a  shell  without  a  kernel)  gave  him  the  grant 
of  the  bishoprick  of  S.  David,  and  withal,  leave  to  hold  his 
presidentship  of  S.  Jo.  coll.  in  commcndam  with  it,  as  also 
the  rectory  of  Ibstock  before  mention'd,  and  Creek  in  North- 
amptonshire. In  Sept.  l6a()  he  was  translated  to  B.  and 
Wells,  and  about  that  time  made  dean  of  the  royal  chappel. 
In  1627  Apr.  29.  he  was  sworn  privy  counsellor  with  Dr. 
Neile  then  B.  of  Durham,  and  on  the  15  of  Jul.  1(528,  he 
was  translated  to  London.  Much  about  which  time,  hisan- 
tient  acquaintance  sir  Jam.  Whitlock  a  judge  used  to  say  of 
our  author  Dr.  Laud  that '  he  was  too  full  of  fire,  though  a 
just  and  a  good  man,  and  that  his  want  of  cx))erience  in  state 
matters,  and  his  too  much  zeal  for  the  church,  and  heat,  if 
he  proceeded  in  the  way  he  was  then  in,  would  set  this  nation 
on  fire.  In  l630  he  was  elected  chancellour  of  the  univ.  of 
Oxon,  and  in  1633  Sept.  I9.  he  was  translated  to  Canterbury, 
which  high  preferment  drew  upon  him  such  envy,  that  by 
the  puritan  party,  he  was  afterwards  in  the  beginning  of  the 
long  parliament,  impeached  of  high  treason.  He  was  a  per- 
son of  an  heroick  spirit,  pious  life,  and  exemplary  conversa- 
tion. He  was  an  encourager  of  learning,  a  stiff  maiiilainer 
of  the  rights  of  the  church  and  clergy,  and  one  ihat  lived  to 
do  honour  to  his  mother  the  university  and  his  country. 
Such  a  liberal  benefactor  also  he  was  towards  the  advance- 
ment of  learning,  that  he  left  himself  little  or  nothing  for 
his  own  use  ;  and  by  his  intentions  were,  we  may  guess 
that  if  the  severe  stroke  of  rebels  had  not  untimely  scquestred, 
and  cut  him  off,  S.  Pauls  cathedral  had  silenced  the  fame  of 
anticnt  wonders,  our  English  clergy  had  been  the  glory  of  the 
world,  the  Bodleian  libr.  in  Oxon.  had  daily  outstrip!  the  Vati- 
can, and  his  publick  structures  had  o'crtopt  theEscurial.  VV ho- 
soever  also  will  read  over  the  brcviat  of  his  life  and  actions, 
pen'd  by  himself  for  private  use,  but  purposely  publish'd  by 
his  inveterate  enemy  W.  Prynne  with  his  rascally  notes  and 
diabolical  reflections  thereon,  purposely  to  render  him  mope 
odious  to  the  common  people  (followed  therein  by  another 
'  villain)  will  find  that  he  was  a  man  of  such  eminent  vertues, 
such  an  exemplary  piety  towards  God,  such  an  unwearied 
fidelity  to  his  gracious  sovereign,  of  such  a  public  soul  to- 
wards the  church  and  stale,  of  so  fix'd  a  constancy  in  what 
he  undertook,  and  one  so  little  biassed  in  his  private  interests, 
that  '  Plutarch,  if  iie  were  alive,  would  be  much  troubled  to 

'  Bulstr.  Whitlock  in  his  Memorials  of  the  English  Af- 
fairs, &c.  p.  32.  /.,..., 
2  Lewis  du  Moulin  in  his  Patron,  bona  ftdet,  &c.    I>ond. 
167a.  in  cap.  vel.  lib.  De  Specim.  contra  Durellum,  p.  68, 

'  Relation  of  the  Death  and  Sufferings  of  the  Archh.  of 
Canterb.  Oxon.  l644.  p.  £. 

1  ** 




was  father  to  sir  Will.  Wcbbe  lord-mayor  of  Lon- 
don, an.  1591,)  was  bom  in  the  parish  of  S.  Lau- 

fiiid  a  sufficient  parallel  wherewith  to  match  liim  in  all  the 
lineaments  of  pcrfcc"  vcrtue.  Next  as  lor  his  great  reading 
and  learning,  may  he,  by  curious  persons,  seen  in  his  works, 
(and  thereby  easily  perceived  that  he  was  versed  in  books  as 
well  as  in  business)  the  titles  of  which  follow. 

Several  sermons,  as  ( I )  Sermon  preached  before  his  maj.  at 
Wansted,  19  June  1 621,  on  Psal.  122.  f),  7-  Lond.  lC2l .  qu. 
(2)  Seim.  at  IFhitehall  24  Mar.  l621,  being  the  Day  of  the 
beginning  of  his  Maj.  most  gracious  Raigne,  on  Psal.  2 1 .  6,  ?. 
Lond.  1(J22.  qu.  (.3)  Serm.  before  his  Maj.  at  Wtiitchall,  on 
Psal.  75.  a.  3,  Lond.  l625.  qu.  (4)  Serm.  at  Westm.  6  Feb. 
at  the  opening  of  the  Part,  on  Psal.  122.  3,  4,  5.  Lond. 
1625.  qu.  (5)  Serm.  at  IVestm.  17  Mar.  (l627)  at  the  open- 
ing of  the  Part,  on  Ephes.  4.  3.  Lond.  l6'J8.  qii.  (6)  Serm. 
at  milehall  at  a  solemn  Fast  before  the  K.  5  Jul.  1626.  on 
Psal.  74.  22.  Lond.  1626.  tj)  Serm.  at  Paules  Cross  on  the 
King's  Inauguration,  on  Psal.  22.  1. — printed  at  Lond. 
Which  seven  sermons  were  reprinted  at  the  same  place  in 
Oct.  an.  1651. 

Speech  delivcredin  the  Star-chamber,  \iJune  l637,  atthe 
Censure  of  Joh.  Bastwick,  Hen.  Burton  and  Will.  Prynne. 
Lond.  1637.  qu.  &c. 

Conference  between  him  and  Jo.  Fisher.  Lond.  l623.  fol. 
published  under  his  chaplains  name  R.  B.  i.  e.  Rich.  Baylie 
of  S.  Johns  coll.     Reprinted  1639  and  l673.  fol. 

Answer  to  the  Exceptions  of  A.  C— printed  with  the 

Which  Conference  was  look'd  upon  as  a  piece  so  solidly 
compacted,  that  one  of  our  ■*  historians  (who  shews  himself 
to  be  none  of  Laud's  greatest  friends)  gives  it  the  commenda- 
tion of  being  the  exactest  master-piece  of  pnlemiquc  divinity 
of  any  extant  at  that  time,  and  farther  affirms,  that  he  de- 
claretl  himself  therein,  so  little  theirs  (meaning  the  papists) 
as  he  had  for  ever  disabled  them  from  being  so  much  their 
own,  as  before  they  were.  Sir  Edw.  Deering  also  his  pro- 
feis'd  adversary,  in  the  preface  to  the  book  ■■  of  speeches, 
could  not  but  confess,  that  in  the  said  book  of  Laud,  espe- 
cially in  the  last  half  of  it,  he  had  muzled  the  Jesuit,  and 
should  strike  the  Papists  under  the  fifth  ribb,  when  he  was 
dead  and  gone  ;  ancl  being  dead,  that  wheresoever  his  grave 
should  be,  Pauls  should  be  his  perpetual  moimment,  and  his 
own  book  his  epitaph.  It  was  answero<l  by  a  Jesuit  named 
■  Tho.  Carwell  alias  Thorold  a  Lincolnshire  man  born,  in  a 
book  intit.  Labirinthus  Cantuariensis.  Par.  l638.  fol.  Re- 
plied upon  by  Dr.  Meric  Casaubon  (as  I  shall  tell  you  else- 
where) and  by  Mr.  Edw.  Stillingfleet. 

Various  letters,  as  (1)  Letters  of  State,  dispersed  in  the 
Cabala's  and  divers  books.  (2)  Letter  with  divers  MSS.  to 
the  University  of  O.ron.  Lond.  l640,  with  the  Answer  of 
the  University  \n  one  sh.  in  qu.  which  I  have  niention'd 
elsewhere.  They  were  both  written  in  Lat.  but  foolishly 
translated  into  Engl,  by  a  precise  person,  purposely  to  bring 
an  odium  on  Dr.  Laud.  See  Hist.  iSf  Antiq.  Univ.  Oxon. 
lib.  1.  p.  348.  b.  (3)  Letter  to  the  Univ.  nf  O.von.  when  he 
resigned  his  Office  of  Chancellour.  Oxon.  lC41.  in  one  sh. 
published  by  occasion  of  a  base  libel  or  forgery  that  ran  under 
the  said  title.     The  University's  Answer  in  Lat.  is  joyned  to 

Notes  in  MS.  on  a  book  entit.  Rome's  Master-Piece,  &c. 
Lond.  1643.  qu.  Which  book  was  published  by  Will. 
Prynne,  and  by  his  endeavours  was  convtyed  to  him  when 
he  was  prisoner  in  the  Towerof  London,  where  he  wrot  the 
laid  notes.  This  book,  with  notes,  coming  after  his  death 
into  the  hand.s  of  Dr.  Rich.  Baylie,  who  married  Dr.  Laud's 
ncice,  came  after  his,  into  mine. 

■•  Ham.  L'Esirange  in  his  Reign  of  K.  Charles,  printed 
1656.  p.  187.  an.  1639. 
»  Collection  ofParliam.  Speeches,  p.  5. 

rence  in  the  ssdd  borough  of  Reading  on  the  7th  of 
Oct.  1573,  educated  in  the  free-school  there,  elected 

Breviate  or  Diary  of  his  Life.  Lond.  l644.  in  10  sh.  in 
fol.  This  was  a  pocket  book,  which  he  had  wrot  in  the 
Lat.  tongue  for  his  own  private  use  ;  but  restless  Prynne 
having  had  a  hint  of  such  a  thing,  obtain'd  an  order  from 
the  commillee  of  lords  and  commons  appointed  for  the  safety 
of  the  kingdom,  dat.  30  May  l643,  to  seize  u|)on  his  papers, 
letteis,  &c.  By  vertue  of  which  order,  he,  with  others,  re- 
paired 10  the  Tower  of  London  the  next  day  early  in  the 
morning,  and  rushiiiL'  suddenly  into  his  chamber  before  he 
was  stirring  from  his  bed,  went  directly  to  his  breeches  lying 
by  the  bed-side,  and  thrusting  his  hand  into  his  pockets  with 
very  great  impudence,  took  the  said  Breviate  thence.  Where- 
upon, thinkini;  to  plague  the  archbishop  as  much  as  he  could 
in  his  life  time,  and  make  him  more  odious  to  the  mobile, 
published  it  to  the  world,  and  caused,  under  hand,  that  a 
printed  copy  might  be  sent  to  him.  But  so  it  fell  out,  that 
the  publisher  Prynne  was  extreamly  mistaken;  for  all  judi- 
cious and  impartial  men  did  take  it  for  the  greatest  piece  of 
justice  from  Prynne's  hands,  that  ever  he  before  had  done. 
For  what  the  generality  could  not  think  before  of  the  arch- 
bishop, were  then  confirm'd  of  his  character,  which  I  have 
before  told  you,  that  he  was  a  man  of  eminent  vertues,  ex- 
emplary piety,  &c. 

Speech  and  Prayer  spoken  at  his  Death  on  the  Scaffold  on 
Tower.Hill,  10  Jan.  l644.  Lond.  1044-45.  qu.  This  is 
call'd  his  Funeral  Sermon,  preached  on  Heh.  12.  1,2.  and  is 
kept  in  MS.  under  his  own  hand  in  S.  Johns  coll.  library. 
It  was  answer'd  by  his  implacable  enemy  Hen.  Burton  mini-, 
sterof  S.  Mathews  ch.  in  Friday  street,  Lond.  in  a  pamphlet 
bearing  this  title,  The  grand  Imposture  unmasked  t  or,  a  De- 
tection of  the  notorious  Hypocrisie,  and  desperate  Impiety  of 
the  late  Archb.  (so  stiledj  of  Canterbury,  which  he  read  on 
the  Scaffold  at  his  Execution,  10  Jan.  l645.  printed  in  two 
sh.  and  half  in  qu.  Other  Answers  were  published  by  Ano- 
nymi,  which  for  brevity  I  shall  now  omit. 

Officium  quolidianum  :  or,  a  Manual  of  private  Devotions. 
Lond.  l6.'iOandC3.  inoct. 

A  Summary  of  Devotions.  Lond.  1667.  in  tw.  published 
according  to  the  copy  written  with  his  own  hand  in  the  ar- 
chives of  S.  Johns  coll.  library. 

Farice  Epistolae  ad  clariss.  Ger.  Jo.  Fossium.  The  number 
of  them  is  18,  and  are  printed  in  a  book  intit.  Gerard.  Jo. 
Vossii  Sf  clarorum  Firorum  ad  eum  EpistoUt.  Lond.  169O. 
fol.  published  by  Paul.  Colomesius.  I  have  seen  and  perused 
a  MS.  transcribed  under  the  hand  of  Joh.  Birkenhead, 
containing  all  the  passages  which  concern  the  university  of 
Oxon.  since  Dr.  Laud's  first  nomination  and  election  to  the 
chanccllourship  of  the  said  university.  It  commences  12 
Apr.  1630,  and  ends  14  Dec.  l640,  bound  up  in  a  vellain 
cover  in  fol.  and  endorsed  thus, 

Gesta  sub  Cancellariatu  meo  Oxon.  This  MS.  was  com- 
municated  to  me,  when  1  was  composing  the  Hist,  and  An- 
tiq. nf  the  Univ.  of  Oxon.  by  Dr.  Peter  Mews  president  of 
S.  Johns  coll.  wherein  finding  many  useftd  things  for  my 
purpose  (which  another  may  do  for  his,  and  therefore  it 
escap'd  Prynne's  hands)  1  thought  it  therefore  not  unworthy 
of  a  place  here,  as  I  could  do  of  many  other  things  under 
his  hand,  which  1  have  seen  reserved  in  private  custody  as 
choice  monuments:  but  time  calls  mc  away,  and  I  must 
hasten.  Yet  1  cannot  but  let  the  reader  know,  that  there  is 
a  fol.  MS.  going  from  hand  to  hand,  entit.  IVholsome  Queries 
resolved  by  Dr.  Laud,  manifesting  that  Monarchy  is  no  safe 
Principle  for  Protestants,  Sec. — sed  caveat  lector.  At  length 
in  the  bc"inning  of  tlie  civil  distempers,  this  wrorthy  arch- 
bishop was"  upon  suspicion  of  introducing  popery  into  the  na- 
tion, arbitrary  government,  and  1  know  not  what  (aggra- 
vated  in  an  high  degree)  commitied  prisoner  first  10  the 
Black-rod,  and  afterwards  to  the  Tower,  where  remaining 
about  four  years,  was  at  length  by  the  votes  of  a  slendei 




scholar  of  S.  Johtrs  coll.  in  June,  an.  1590;  where 
goino;  thro'  with  great  diligence  the  usual  forms  of 
logic  and  pliilosophy,  under  the  tuition  of  Dr.  John 
Buckeridge,  was  made  fellow  in  June  159!5,  and 
five  years  after  master  of  arts  ;  at  which  time  (being 
then  grannnar  reader  of  the  imiversity)  lie  was  es- 
teemed hv  all  tliose  that  knew  hint  (being  little  in 
person)  a  very  i"orward,  confident  and  zealous  wrson. 
In  1600  he  was  made  a  deacon,  and  in  tlie  be- 
ginning of  1601  being  made  priest,  he  did  read  the 
next  year  the  divinity  lecture  in  his  college,  which 

wa-s  maintiiined  by  one  Mrs May.     On  the 

4th  of  May  1604  he  was  installed  one  of  the  proc- 
tors of  the  university,  without  any  canvas  or  seek- 
ing for  it.  His  brother  proctor  was  Mr.  Christo- 
pher Dale  of  Merton  coll.  who  being  very  rigid  and 
severe  in  his  office,  and  intolerably  choleric  towards 
the  juniors,  he  was  so  much  hist  and  hcwted  at  in  his 
return  to  his  college,  after  he  had  laid  down  the 
badges  of  his  office,  that  it  was  then  usually  said,  he 
■was  proctor  and  Ixjre  his  office  cum  parva-o  Laude. 
In  Sept.  the  same  year,  Mr.  I^aucf  became  chap- 
lain to  Charles  Blount  earl  of  Devonshire,  and  on 
the  26th  of  Dccemb.  1605  he  joined  in  wedlock  the 
said  Charles  to  Penelope  the  daughter  of  Walt. 
D'evreux  earl  of  Essex  ;  but  Mr.  Laud  not  knowing 
that  she  was  then  the  wife  of  the  lord  Rob.  llich, 
(afterwards  earl  of  Warwck)  as  he  pretended,  he 
looked  upon  that  action  as  one  of  the  prime  misfor- 
tunes of  his  life,  and  therefore  did  set  down  the  day 
into  the  catalogue  of  days  of  special  observance  to 
him,  both  in  his  diary  and  in  the  manuscript  book 
of  his  private  devotions.  In  Novemb.  1607,  being 
then  bach,  of  div.  he  became  vicar  of  Stanford  in 
Northamptonshire,"  and  in  April  1608  he  hat!  the 
advowson  of  North  Kilworth  in  Leicestershire  given 
unto  him.  In  August  following  he  was  made  chap- 
lain to  Dr.  Rich.  Neile  bishop  of  Rochester,  (he 
being  then  doctor  of  divinity)  by  whose  endeavours 
he  preached  his  first  sermon  before  K.  James  I.  at 
Theobalds  the  17th  of  Sept.  1609.  In  Oct.  follow- 
ing he  changed  his  advowson  of  N.  Kilworth  for 
West  Tilbury  in  Essex,'  to  the  end  that  he  might 

house,  beheaded  on  Tower-hill  on  the  tenth  day  of  January 
in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  four.  Whereupon  his  body 
being  buried  in  the  chancel  of  the  church  of  Allhallowcs 
BarUiu  which  he  before  had  consecrated,  remained  there  en- 
tire till  July  l(jf)3,  at  which  time  being  removed  to  Oxon, 
was  on  the  24  day  of  the  same  month,  deposited  with  cere- 
mony in  a  little  vault  built  of  brick,  near  to  the  high  altar  of 
S.  Johns  coll.  chappell.  Thus  died  and  buried  was  this  most 
reverend,  renowned,  and  religious  arch-prelate,  when  he  had 
lived  71  years,  1 J  weeks  and  four  days  ;  if  at  least  he  may  be 
properly  said  to  dye  ;  the  great  example  of  whose  vertue  shall 
continue  always,  not  only  in  the  minds  of  men,  but  in  the 
annals  of  succeeding  ages,  with  renown  and  fame. 

>>  [6  Nov.  1607,  Will.  Laud  cler.  institutus  S.T.  B.  ad  vie. 
perpel.  eccl.  paroch.  de  Stanford,  ad  pres.  Tho.  Cave,  mil. 
per  resign.  Robt.  Waller,  ult.  incumb.  ;  resign,  ante  2  Dec. 
lO'OJ).     Beg.  Dove,  ep.  Pe/rih.     Kennet.] 

'  [iGOf),  20  Oct.  Will.  Land.  cler.  admiss.  ad  eccl'iam  de 
West  Tilburv.  per  resign.  Joh.  Boake  S.  T.  B.  ad  pres.  regis. 
Reg.  liancritft  Ep.  Jjond. 

Ik>  near  his  patron  tiie  bishop  of  Rochester,  who  in 
the  month  of  May  1610  gave  him  the  rc-ctory  of 
Kuckstcme  in  Kent.  In  the  In'ginning  of  October 
followiui];  he  resigned  his  fellowship  of  S.  John's 
coll.  and  Kuckstone  proving;  iniiiealtliful  to  liim,  he 
left  it,  and  was  inducted  into  Norton  by  proxy  in 
Nov.  the  same  year.  In  May  1611  he  was  elected 
president  of  the  said  coll.  at  which  time  there  was" 
a  bitter  fiiction  both  rai.sed  and  countenanced  against 
him,  but  how  and  by  whom  is  needless  now  to  relate. 
Certain  it  is,  as  he »  saith,  he  made  no  party  then, 
for  four  being  in  nomination  for  that  headsiiip,  he 
lay  then  so  sick  at  London,  that  he  was  neitiier  able 
to  go  to  Oxon,  nor  so  nnich  as  write  to  iiis  friends 
about  it.  Yet  after  nnich  trouble,  a  major  jwirt  of 
votes  made  choice  of  him.  Tims  he  was  chosen 
president  on  the  tenth  day  of  May  1611.  After 
this,  his  election  was  quarrell'd  at,  and  great  means 
was  made  against  him,  insomuch  that  K.  J.ames  I. 
sate  to  hear  the  cause  iiimself  for  the  space  of  three 
hours  at  Tichlxjurn  in  Hampshire,  as  he  returned  [66] 
otit  of  the  Western  progress,  on  the  28th  of  Aug. 
following.  Upon  this  hearing,  his  majesty  apjiroved 
his  election,  and  commanded  his  settlement ;  which 
was  done  accordingly  at  Michaelma.s  following.  But 
the  faction  in  the  coll.  finding  sucli  props  above,  as 
they  had,  continued  very  eager  antt  bitter  against 
him.  The  audit  of  the  coll.  for  the  year's  accompts, 
and  choice  of  new  officers  folk)wed  in  Nov.  at  which 
time  he  with  patience  and  mtxleration  in  the  choice 
of  officers,  made  all  quiet  in  the  collcfje.  In  the 
said  month  of  Nov.  he  was  sworn  the  king's  chap- 
lain, and  gave  very  great  content  in  that  office.  In 
April  1614,  his  patron  Dr.  Neile,  then  bi-shop  of 
Lincoln,  gave  him  tlie  prebendship  of  Bugden  in 
that  church ;  and  in  the  very  beginning  of  Dec. 
1615  he  gave  him  the  archdeaconry  of  Huntingdon 
on  the  death  of  Mr.  Matth.  Giftbrd.  In  Nov.  1616 
the  king  gave  him  the  deanery  of  Glcx^cster,  void  by 
tlie  death  of  Dr.  Rich.  Field,  and  tlien  resigning  the 
parsonage  of  West  Tilbury,  he  became  rector  of  lb- 
stock  in  Leicestershire,  in  the  beginning  of  Aug. 
1617.  On  the  22d  of  Jan.  1620  he  was  installed 
canon  of  the  eighth  stall  in  the  church  of  Westmin- 
ster, (in  the  place  of  Edw.  Buckley  D.D.  who  had 
succeeded  Will.  I^atimer  in  that  dignity  1582)  and 
in  the  next  year  after,  his  majesty  (who  upon  his 
own  confession  had  given  to  liim  nothing  but  the 
deanery  of  Gloccstcr,  which  he  well  knew  was  a 
shell  without  a  kernel)  gave  him  the  grant  of  the 
bishoprick  of  S.  David,  and  withal  leave  to  hold  his 
presidentship  of  S.  John's  coll.  in  commendam  with 
It,  as  also  the  rectory  of  Ibstock  before-mention'd. 
This  promotion  of  tiun  to  the  see  of  S.  David  was 

iGlfi,  2 1  Dec.  Nich.  Cliffe  S.  T.B.  admiss.  a<l  eccl'iam  de 
Westilbery,  per  resign.  Will.  Lawde  S.  T.  P.  ad  pres.  regis. 
Iteg.  King.     Kennet.] 

«  Answer  of  Archbishop  Laud  to  the  Speech  of  Jf^ll.  L.  Say 
and  Seal,  touching  the  Liturgy,  printed  1695.  p.  474. 

9  Ibid. 




done  by  the  enileavours  of  Dr.  Jo.  Williams,  fear- 
ing if  lie  had  not  the  said  see,  he  would  have  been 
dean  of  Westminster,  which  the  said  Dr.  Williams 
kept  in  connuendam  with  the  sec  of  Lincoln ;  where- 
by he  shewetl  himself  more  a  politician  than  a  friend. 
In  Nov.  1621  Dr.  I^aud  resigned  his  presidentship 
of  S.  John's  coll.  notwithstanding  the  king  had  given 
him  leave  to  keep  it  in  commenaam  with  nis  bishop- 
rick  :  and  this  was  done  by  reason  of  the  strictness 
of  the  statute  of  the  said  coll.  which  he  would  not 
.violate,  nor  his  oath  which  he  had  taken  to  observe 
it  This  resignation  was  made  on  the  17th  of  Nov. 
1621,  being  the  day  before  he  was  consecrated  to 
the  see  of  S.  David.  Soon  after  he  became  inti- 
mately acqufunted  with  the  great  favourite  of  K. 
James  I.  called  George  Villiers  then  marquis  of 
'  Buckingham,  occasion'd  by  sethng  him  and  his  mo- 
ther the  countess  in  their  rehgion,  which  the  king 
commanded  him  so  to  do;  they  being  then  waver- 
ing and  inclining  to  the  ch.  of  Rome  :  and  by  a  con- 
ference between  himself  and  one  Fisher  a  Jesuit, 
wliich  was  in  the  presence  of  the  said  marquis  and 
his  mother,  they  were  firmly  settled  in  the  Protestant 
religion.  About  this  time  the  king  having  received 
notice  that  he  had  resigned  his  presidentsliip  of  S. 
John's,  he  gave  him  leave  to  keep  the  parsonage  of 
Creek  in  Northamptonshire '  in  commendam  with  his 
bishoprick,  being  inducted  thereunto  31  Jan.  1622. 
In  Sept.  1623  he  fell  into  the  displeasure  of  Dr. 
Williams  bishop  of  Line,  the  lord-keeper,  partly  oc- 
casion'd by  his  being  a  favourite  of  the  said  niarqui.s, 
and,  as  the  bishop  of  Lincoln  thought,  that  the  said 
Dr.  Laud  was  ungrateful  to  him ;  but  the  chief 
cause  was,  the  marquis's  favour  to  him.  On  the 
17th  of  Apr.  1625  he  became  deputy  clerk  of  the 
closet  to  his  majesty,  for  Dr.  Neile  then  bishop  of 
,  Durham  indisposed,  and  executed  that  office  till  the 
first  of  May  following.  On  Candlemas  day  follow- 
ing that,  he  officiated  at  the  coronation  of  K.  Charles 
I.  as  dean  of  Westminster,  being  then  canon  of  that 
church  in  commendam ;  and  this  was  done  by  the 
appointment  of  his  majesty,  and  by  the  said  Dr. 
Williams  the  dean,  when  he  saw  himself  put  aside, 
because  he  was  then  out  of  favour  with  his  said  ma- 
jesty. On  the  20th  of  June  1626,  his  majesty  no- 
minating him  (Dr.  Laud)  bishop  of  Bath  and  Wells, 
void  by  the  death  of  Dr.  Arth.  Lake,  he  was  elected 
thereunto  on  the  16tli  of  August ;  and  on  the  19th 
157]       of  Sept.  (being  the  next  day  after  his  election  was 

•  [29  Januar.  1622,  Ep'us  Petrib.  instituit  dom.  Guliel- 
mum  ep'um  Mcnevcn.  in  rec(.  eccl.  de  Creeke,  ad  pres.  Ja- 
cobi  regis.     Reg.  Dove,  Ep'i  Petrib. 

14  Nov.  1626,  Ep'us  instituit  Nich'ani  Clifie  cler.  S.T.  B. 
coll.  S.  Joh'is  Bapt.  Oxon.  socium  ad  rect.  de  Creeke,  ad 
pres.  regis,  per  translat.  Will.  Laude,  niiper  ep.  Menev.  ad 
e'patum  Balho-Wellen.  Reg.  Dove,  Ep.  Petrib.  Ken- 

*  See  in  the  preface  to  a  book  emit.  The  History  qf  the 
Troubles  and  Tryal  of  William  Laud  Archbishop  of  Canter- 
bury. Lond.  1695.  fol.  which  preface  was  written  by  Mr. 
Hen.  Wharton.  ' 

confirmed)  he  receive*!  the  temjM)raiities  thereof  from 
the  king.  In  the  beginning  of  October  the  .same  year, 
(1626)  he  was  made  dean  of  the  royal  chtt}mel,  in 
the  room  of  Dr.  Lancelot  Andrews  bishop  of  Win- 
chester deceased,  and  on  the  29  Ajir.  1627  he  was 
made  privv  coun.sellor  to  the  king,  with  Dr.  Neile 
bishop  of  t)urham.  On  the  17th  of  June  1627  the 
bishoprick  of  London  was  grantetl  to  him  at  South- 
wick,  as  he  himself  saith  m  his  Diary,  and  in  Oct. 
following,  he,  as  bishop  of  Bath  and  Wells,  the 
bishops  of  London,  Durham,  Rochester,  and  Ox- 
ford, were  commissionated  to  execute  archiepiscopal 
jurisdiction  during  the  sequestration  of  Dr.  G. 
Abbot  archbishop  of  Canterbury,  for  casual  homi- 
cide of  his  keeper  in  shooting  at  a  buck.  On  the 
16th  of  July  1628  he  was  translated  to  London,  on 
the  translation  thence  to  Durham  of  Dr.  George 
Mountaigne,  and  in  the  latter  end  of  Decemb.  fol- 
lowing, the  statutes  which  he  had  drawn,  for  the 
reducing  of  the  factious  and  tumultuous  elections  of 
the  proctors  in  Oxon,  to  several  colleges  by  course, 
and  .so  to  continue,  were  jjassed  in  a  convocation  of 
doctors  and  masters  there,  no  voice  dissenting. 
Much  aboiit  this  time  his  antient  acqu^ntance  sir 
James  Whitlock  a  judge,  used  to  say  of  our  author 
Dr.  Laud,  that '  '  he  w  as  too  full  of  fire,  though  a 
just  and  good  man,  and  that  his  want  of  experience 
in  state  matters,  and  his  too  much  zeal  for  the 
church,  and  heat,  if  he  proceeded  in  the  way  he  was 
then  in,  would  set  this  nation  on  fire.'  On  the  12th 
of  April  1630  he  was  elected  chancellor  of  the  uni- 
versity of  Oxon,  void  by  the  sudden  death  of  Will, 
earl  of  Pembroke ;  and  how  that  election  was  car- 
ried, and  the  event  of  it  proved  happy  to  the  univer- 
sity, you  may  .see  at  large  in  Hist.  4"  Antiq.  Univ. 
Oxoti,  lib.  1.  sub  an.  1630.  In  June  1633  he  was 
sworn  counsellor  of  Scotland,  the  king  being  then 
about  to  be  crown'd  at  Edinburgh  ;  and  on  the  4th 
of  August  the  same  year,  news  coining  in  the  morn- 
ing to  the  court,  then  at  Greenwich,  of  the  death  of 
.  the  archb.  of  Canterbury,  the  king  resolved  presently 
to  ^ve  that  see  to  Dr.  Laud.  On  the  very  same 
morning  tliere  came  a  certain  person  to  him,  seri- 
ously, and  of  avowed  ability  to  pcrf()rm  it,  and 
offered  him  to  be  a  cardinal :  he  went  presently  to 
the  king,  and  acquainted  him  with  the  thing  and  the 
person.  On  the  17th  of  the  same  moiuli,  he  had  a 
serious  offer  made  him  again  to  be  a  cardinal :  he 
was  then  from  court,  but  so  soon  as  he  came  thither 
(Aug.  21.)  he  acquainted  his  majesty  with  it.  But 
his  answer  again  was,  that  '  somewhat  dwelt  within 
him,  which  would  not  suffer  that,  till  Rome  was 
other  than  it  is.'  This  I  .set  down,  (being  in  his 
own  Diary)  because  that  when  the  said  Dr.  Laud 
was  upon  his  tryal  for  his  life,  an.  1644,  the  former 

Eart  of  the  said  memoir  (viz.  of  the  offer)  was  laid  in 
is  dish  by  his  inveterate  enemies,  but  the  latter  part 

'  Bulst.  Whitlock,  in  his  Memorials  of  English  Affairs, 
&c.  p.  32. 



(his  denial)  they  t(X)k  no  notice  of,  because  it  made 
for  liini :  O  baseness  and  partiality  !  On  the  19th 
of  Sept.  he  was  translated  to  Canterbury,  to  the 
great  rejoycing  of  all  the  orthodox  sons  of  the  church, 
but  that  High  preferment,  it  seems,  drew  upon  him 
such  envy  from  the  puritans,  that  lie  was  afterwards 
in  the  beginning  of  the  Long  parliament  impeached 
of  high  treason,  as  I  shall  tell  you  anon.  On  the 
Ikli  of  the  same  month,  which  was  some  days  before 
his  trajislation,  he  wa.s  elected  chancellor  of  the 
university  of  Dublin;  and  on  the  13th  of  May 
1634  he  received  the  seals  of  his  election;  from 
which  time  till  the  time  of  his  death  were  libels, 
cither  written,  or  printed,  that  came  out  continually 
against  him,  by  the  puritans,  lirownists,  separatists, 
&c.  On  the  14th  ot  March  following  he  was  named 
one  of  the  commissioners  of  the  exchequer,  upon  the 
death  of  Richard  lord  AVeston,  lord  high  treasurer 
of  England ;  about  which  time  taking  order  that  all 
the  records  of  the  Tower  which  concern  the  clergy, 
should  be  collected  together  and  written  in  vellum  at 
his  own  charge,  it  was  brought  to  him  finished,  cu- 
riously written  and  richly  bound,  on  the  10  June, 
an.  1637.  This  book  commenceth  20  Ed.  1.  and 
reaches  tf)  the  14  Ed.  4.  and  is  at  this  time  reserved 
as  a  choice  rarity  in  the  library  at  Lambeth.  In 
[58]  June  1639,  he  sent  the  remainder  of  his  iTianuscripts 
to  the  public  library  at  Oxon,  being  in  number  576, 
and  to  he  added  to  700  which  he  had  formerly  .sent 
to  it ;  and  in  1640  he  sent  more ;  all  consistmg  of 
several  languages  and  faculties.  This  Dr.  Laud  was 
a  person  of  an  lieroic  spirit,  pious  life  and  exemplary 
conversation.  He  was  an  encourager  of  learning,  a 
stiff  maintainer  of  the  rights  of  the  church  and 
clergy,  and  one  that  livcnl  to  do  honour  to  his  mo- 
ther the  university,  and  his  country.  Such  a  liberal 
l)enefactor  also  he  was  towards  the  advancement  of 
learning,  that  he  left  himself  little  or  nothing  for  his 
own  use ;  and  by  what  his  intentions  were,  we  may 
guess,  that  if  the  severe  stroke  of  the  rebels  had  not 
imtimely  set|uestred  and  cut  him  off,  '  S.  Paul's 
cathetlral  had  silenced  the  fame  of  antient  wonders, 
our  English  clergy  had  been  the  glory  of  the  world, 
the  B<xlleian  library  at  Oxon  hacl  daily  outstript  the 
Vatican,  and  his  ]}ublic  structures  had  o'ertopt  the 
Escurial,'  &c.  Whosoever  also  shall  read  over  the 
Diary  of  his  Life,  pen'd  by  himself  for  private 
use,  but  puqxjsely  published  by  his  inveterate 
i  enemy  Will.  Prynne,  with  his  rascally  notes  and 

!  diabolical  reflections  thereon,  purposely  to  render 

him  more  wlious  to  the  common  people  (followed 
therein  by  another  ♦  villain)  will  find  that  he  was  a 
man  of  such  eminent  virtues,  such  an  exemplary 
piety  towards  GckI,  such  an  unwearied  fidelity  to  his 
gracious  sovereign,  of  such  a  public  soul  towards 
the  church  and  state,  of  so  fixed  a  constancy  in  what 
he  undertook,  and  one  so  little  biassed  in  his  private 

■*  Lewis  elu  Moulin 
1,011(1.  i6T2.  in  cap.  vel 
p.  62,63.  Sec. 

in   his   Palronus  honie  Fidei,  &c. 
lib.     De  Specim.  contra  Duretlum, 

interests,  that  *  Plutarch,  if  he  were  alive,   would 
be  much  troubled  to  find  a  sufficient  parallel  where- 
with to  match  him  in  all  the  lineaments  of  perfect 
virtue.     Next  as  for  his  great  reading  and  learning, 
it  may  be,  by  curious  persons,  seen  in  his  works, 
(and  thereby  easily  jx-rceived  that  he  wa.s  vers'd  in 
lxx)ks  as  well  as  in  business)  the  titles  of  which  shall 
anon  follow ;  and  in  the  mean  time  I  must  tell  you, 
that  in  the  beginning  of  the  long  parliament  he  was, 
by  the  Scotch  commissioners  then  present,  named  in 
the  lords  house  an  incendiary,  on  the  17th  of  Dec. 
1640,  and  a  complaint  promised  to  be  drawn  up  the 
next  day ;  on  the  18th,  according  to  promise,  he 
was  accused    by  the    house  of  commons  of  high- 
treason,  without  any  |iarticular  charge  laid  against 
him,  which  they  said  should  be  prepared  in  cxinve- 
nient  time,  as  it  was.     Mr.  Denzil  Holies,  second 
son  of  John  earl  of  Clare,  a  great  boutefeu  and  one 
of  the  chief  promoters  of  the  discontents,  and  the 
rebellion  that  followed,  in  the  nation,  was  the  man 
that  brought  up  the  message  to  the  lords,  and  soon 
after  the  charge  was  brought  into  the  ujipcr  house 
by  the  Scottish  commi.ssioners  tending  to  prove  him 
an  incendiary :   Whereupon  he  the  said  archbishop 
was  presently  committed  to    the   custody  of  Mr. 
James  Maxwell  the  officer  or  usher  to  the  upper 
house,  with  whom  ccmtinuing  full  ten  weeks  to  liis 
great  expence,  a  charge  was  brought  up  from  the 
house  of  commons  to  the  lords,  by  sir  Hen.  Vane 
the  younger,  a  most  notorious  sectarist,  an  indefa- 
tigable boutefeu  and  promoter  of  the  discimtents 
and  the  rebellion  that  followed,  as  Holies  before- 
mentioned  was.    This  was  done  on  the  26  Feb.  1640, 
and  the  charge  consistetl  then  of  14  articles,  which 
in  time  they  would  prove  in  particular.     So  that  by 
consequence  being  to  be  committed  to  the  Tower, 
he  had  favour  by  the  lords  not  to  go  thither  till 
Monday  the  first  of  March  following.     At  which 
time  going  with  Mr.  Maxwell  in  his  coach,  there 
was  no  noise  'till  he  entred  into  Cheapside,  and  then 
an  apprentice  hollowing   out,    more   followed    the 
coach,  and  the  numl)er  still  increasing  as  the  coach 
went,  there  was  exceeding  shouting  when  it  came  to 
the  Exchange.      Nothing  but  clamour  and  revilings, 
even  beyond  barbarity  itself,  continued  till  he  entred 
into  the  Tower  gate:  All  which  being  enough  to 
confound  an  ordinary  capacity,  yet  this  renowned 
archbishop's  patience  was  not  moved,  for  he  looked 
ujwn  a  higher,  than  the  tt)ngues  of  Shimei  and 
his  children.     Nothing  now  was  omitted  by  some 
cimning  agents  to  encrease  the  rage  and  hatred  of 
people  against  him.     The  chief  instruments  herein       [591 
were  the  Brownists,  and  those  that  adhered  to  them, 
who  had  been  highly  offended  with  him,  because  he 
hindered  and  punished  by  law  their  conventicles, 
and  separation  from  the  church  of  England.  Among 
and  above  the  rest,  there  were  three  men,  viz.  Hen. 

>  Kclalion  of  the  Death  and  Sufferings  of  the  Archb.  qf 
Canl.    Oxon.  l644.  p.  2. 



Burton  a  minister  in  Friday-street  in  London,  Dr. 
Joh.  Uastwick  a  phvsician/  and  Will.  Prynne  a 
common  lawyer,  wlio  had  been  censured  in  the  star- 
chamber  for  notorious  libels,  printed  and  jniblishctl 
by  them  against  the  hierarchy  of  the  church.  The 
fiictionof  the  Brownists,  and  these  three  saints,  mth 
their  adherents,  fiU'd  the  pres.s  almost  daily  \nth 
lialladsand  libels  full  of  all  manner  of  scurrility,  and 
more  untruth,  lx)th  against  the  archbishop's  person 
and  his  calling.  These  were  cried  about  London 
streets,  and  brought  (many  of  them)  to  Westmin- 
ster, and  given  into  divers  lords  hands,  and  into  the 
hands  of  the  gentlemen  of  the  house  of  commons, 
and  yet  no  order  taken  by  either  house  to  suppress 
the  printing  of  such  known  and  shameless  lies,  as 
most  of  them  contained ;  a  thing  which  many  sober 
men  found  fault  withal,  and  which,  as  'twas  then 
believed,  had  hardly  been  seen  in  any  civil  common- 
wealth, Christian  or  other.  Besides  these  libels  and 
ballads  which  were  sung  up  and  down  the  streets, 
they  made  base  pictures  of  the  archbishop,  putting 
him  into  a  cage,  and  fastning  him  to  a  jx)st  by  a 
chain  at  his  shoulder,  and  the  like.  Divers  of  these 
libels  made  sport  in  taverns  and  ale-houses,  where 
too  many  were  as  drunk  with  malice,  as  with  the 
liquor  they  sucked  in.  Against  which  his  only 
comfort  was,  that  he  was  fallen  but  in  the  same 
case  with  the  prophet  David,  Psal.  69.  For  they 
that  sate  in  the  gate  spake  against  me,  and  I  was 
the  song  of  the  drunkards.  From  that  time  till  his 
death  and  after,  these  libels  and  ballads  continued 
without  controul :  but  this  was  not  all,  for  some  of 
these  rascally  people  came  to  him  in  the  Tower, 
taunted  at  and  gave  him  very  foul  and  ill  language, 
and  .some  there  were  that  took  opportunity  to  preach 
in  the  chapjxil  of  S.  Peter  ad  Vincula  withm  the 
said  Tower  purposely  to  and  confound  him 
(if  present,  as  sometimes  he  was)  particularly  one 
Jocelin  who  preached  there  on  the  fifteenth  of  May 
1642,  \vith  vchcmency  becoming  Bedlam,  with  trea- 
son sufficient  to  hang  him  in  any  other  state,  and 
with  such  particular  abuse  to  the  archbishop,  that 
women  ami  boys  stood  up  in  the  church  to  see  how 
he  could  bear  it :  his  text  was  Judges  5.  23.  Curse 
ye  Meroz,  &c.  On  the  25th  of  June  he,  by  his  let- 
ters dated  at  the  Tower  and  sent  to  the  university 
of  Oxon,  f|uittod  all  right  he  had  in  the  chancellor- 
ship thereof;  and  in  the  said  letters  remembers  his 
love  to  that  whole  body,  that  love  than  which  never 
any  chancellor  bare  greater,  or  with  more  ferventness 
and  zeal  to  the  publick  gtxxl  and  happiness  of  that 
place.  It  was  his  real  desire  that  every  one  of  the 
university  would  believe  him,  that  his"  great  afflic- 
tion did  not  trouble  him  for  any  one  thing  more, 
than  that  he  could  Im?  no  further  useful  or  beneficial 
to  that  place,  which  he  so  much  loved  and  honoured, 
8ec.     On  the  first  of  July  following,  Philip  earl  of 

••  {An.  lC54,  Oct.  6,  Dr.  B!istwick,|physitian,  buried.  Mr. 
R.  Smith's  Obituary.    Baker.] 

Pembroke  and  Montgomery  was  elected  in  his 
place,  but  being  not  at  all  fit  for  it,  was  cashiered 
soon  after,  as  I  have  told '  you  elsewhere.  After 
this,  the  archbishop's  jurisdiction  was  taken  away,  he 
was  fined,  plundered,  utterly  ruin'd :  his  palace  at 
Lambeth  s]X)iled,his  chapjx'I  defaced,  organs  plucked 
down,  the  steps  leading  to  the  altar  torn  up,  &c. 
and  at  length  the  said  palace  was  made  a  prison.  It 
was  now  that  his  enemies  had  in  vain  laboured  for 
two  years  and  an  half  to  jirove  their  charge  against 
him  before-mention'd,  but  the  more  they  sought, 
the  more  they  were  confounded,  and  greater  evidence 
appeared  to  the  cxmtrary.  They  appointed  com- 
mittee ujx)n  committee  to  find  sometinng  to  accuse 
him  of,  but  after  all  their  search  and  scrutiny,  the 
committee  still  flung  up  their  papers,  as  men  that 
had  travelled  in  vain ;  tor  the  more  they  ript  him  up 
the  more  sound  they  found  him,  one  of  them  ac- 
knowledging in  a  letter  to  his  friend,  that  the  world 
was  mistaken  in  nothing  so  much  as  in  tlie  arch- 
bishop of  Canterbury  ;  (as  sir  Edw.  Deering  himself  rg., 
confesses  in  print)  The  ai-chbishop  was  ever  the  ^  I 
same  man,  take  him  from  S.  John's  coll.  to  Lam- 
beth, he  still  kept  his  stand,  never  swerving  from 
those  honest  principles  he  had  proposed  to  himself. 
They  had  also  in  vain  ransack'd  all  his  pajxjrs  left 
in  his  study  at  Lambeth,  and  examin'd  all  his  inti- 
mate friends  and  sul)altem  *  agents  ujjon  oath,  but 
when  nothing  did  apjx^ar,  they  hoped  to  find  some- 
thing against  him,  either  in  his  private  diary  of  his 
life,  which  they  knew  he  kept  by  him,  or  in  those 
pajx-rs  which  he  carried  with  him  from  Laml)eth  at 
his  first  commitment,  in  order  to  his  future  defence. 
U]X)n  these  hopes,  they  with  gieat  privacy  framed 
an  order  for  the  searching  his  chamber  and  pockets 
in  the  Tower,  in  the  latter  end  of  May  1 643,  and 
committed  the  execution  of  it  to  his  most  bitter  and 
malicious  enemy  W.  Prynne  before-mention'd ;  who 
thcreujX)n  took  from  him  21  bundles  of  paper  which 
he  had  prepared  for  his  defence,  his  difuy,  his  book 
of  private  devotions,  the  Scotch  service  book,  and 
directions  accompanying  it,  &c.  After  this,  when  they 
thought  they  had  got  sutficient  proof,  and  had  secured 
him  from  making  his  defence,  they  were  resolved  to 
come  to  a  tryal  of  him  for  his  life,  but  liecause 
Prynne  could  not  provide  witnesses  and  matter 
enough,  it  was  deferred  from  time  to  time,  and  all 
men  and  all  things  waited  upon  him  till  he  could 
ripen  the  matter.  In  the  mean  time  the  council  as- 
signed for  the  ai-chbishop  was  Mr.  Joh.  Hearne,  Mr. 
Matth.  Hales  of  Lincoins-Inn,  and  Mr.  Chaloner 
Chute  of  the  Middle-Temple,  to  whom  was  after- 
wards added  Mr.  Rich.  Gerhard  of  Greys-Inn,  and 
certain  servants  of  the  archbishop  to  attend  him  in 
the  tryal,  viz.  Mr.  W.  Dell  his  secretary,  Mr.  Rich. 
Cobbe,  and  Mr.  George  Smith.     The  managers  of 

'  In  Hist.  &  Anliq.  Univ.  Oxon.  lib.  I.  p.  36l. 
"  See  more  in  the  preface  to  The  Hist,  of  the  Trouh.  and 
Tryal  oj  Archh.  Laud,  &c. 




the  evidence  against  him  of  the  house  of  commons 
were,  (1.)  Mr.  Joh.  Maynartl,  who  very  actively 
before  liad  haitetl  to  the  ])ur|)ose  the  most  noble 
Tho.  earl  of  Strafford  ;  his  pleiidings  tho'  tliey  were 
stronij,  yet  they  were  fair.  (2.)  .Joh.  Wylde,  Ser- 
jeant at  law,  and  knight  for  Worcestershire  in  the 
parliament  then  sitting,  a  great  enemy  to  the  hie- 
rarchy, and  particularly  to  Laud.  This  ])erson,  who 
made  a  solenm  speech  for  an  introduction  to  the 
tryal,  had  language  good  enough  sometimes,  but 
little  or  no  sense  :  And  the  diiiractcr  given  of  him 
before  to  the  archbishop,  proved  exactly  true  by 
that  speech  and  his  after-pnx-eeding  against  him. 
(3.)  Sam.  Brown  of  Lincolns-Imi,  another  parlia- 
ment man,  who  was  also  very  bitter  sometimes  in  his 
pleadings,  and  very  insulting,  whether  according  to 
his  nature,  or  to  gain  the  populacy,  I  cannot  tell. 
This  is  the  person  who  earned  up  to  the  lords  the 
ordinance  for  the  attainder  of  the  archbishop,  carried 
on  his  bitterness  to  the  last,  was  one  of  the  commis- 
sioners of  the  great  seal,  made  one  of  the  justices  of 
the  King's-bench  in  Oct.  1648,  and  a  judge  of  that 
court  in  Novemb.  following.  (4.)  Rob.  Nicholas  of 
the  —  Temple,  and  bur^ress  for  tlie  Devizes  in 
Wiltshire,  had  in  his  j)lcacUngs  some  sense,  but  was 
extream  virulent,  and  had  foul  language  at  command. 
When  the  archbishop  was  charged  of  his  disliking 
the  gi^'ing  of  the  title  of  antichrist  to  the  pope,  the 
said  Nicholas  bestowed  on  the  said  archbishop  many 
and  gross  titles :  He  calfd  him  over  and  over  again. 
The  pander  to  the  whore  of  Babylon.  '  Not  re- 
membring  (as  the  arclib.  says)  all  this  while  (what 
yet  I  was  loth  to  mind  him  of)  that  one  of  his  zeal- 
ous witnesses  against  the  whore  of  Babylon  and  all 
her  superstitions,  got  all  his  means  (which  are  great) 
by  being  a  pander  to  other  lewd  women ;  and  loved 
the  business  it  self  so  well,  as  that  he  was  (not  long 
since  men  say)  taken  in  bed  with  one  of  his  wife's 
maids.'  And  when  that  passage  in  Dr.  Pocklington's 
book  called  A/tare  Christianum,  p.  49,  ''>0.  was 
urged  in  open  court,  viz.  that  it  is  a  happiness  that 
the  bishops  of  England  can  derive  tlieir  .succession 
from  S.  Peter,  then  did  the  said  Nicholas  insultingly 
call  it  the  archbishop's  pedigree,  meaning  the  pe- 
digree of  archbishoy)  Laud.  He  would  have  nothmg 
forgotten  that  might  help  to  multiply  clamour  against 
him.  He  did  not  omit  any  thing  which  he  thought 
might  disgrace  and  discontent  him,  tho'  it  could  no 
way  be  drawn  to  be  any  accusation.  He  brought 
in  tlie  archbishop's  dreams  which  he  wrote  in  nis 
diary,  and  omens  there  mention'd  that  predicted  his 
ruin,  to  make  him  a  scorn  to  the  lords  and  the 
people.  His  bitterness  against  him  was  unchristian, 
his  malice  unsatiable,  and  his  virulence  antl  insulta- 
tion  over  liim,  then  in  great  affliction,  intolerable. 
This  person  R.  Nicholas,  who  was  of  the  same  fa- 
mily with  the  tv/o  most  loyal  gentlemen  sir  Edw. 
Nicholas,  sometimes  one  of  the  secretaries  of  state, 
and  Dr.  Mat.  Nicholas  sometimes  dean  of  S.  Paul's, 
both  bom  at  Winterbourn-Earles  in  Wiltshire,  was 
Vol.  III. 

afterwards,  for  tlic  love  he  bore  to  the  hlessed 
cause,  made  serjeant  at  law  by  the  long  parliament 
in  the  latter  entl  of  Octob.  1648,  and  in  Jan.  follow- 
ing he,  with  Serjeant  Joh.  Bnulshaw  of  Greys-Inn, 
and  Mr.  Will.  Street,  were  added  to  the  committee 
ap|jointed  bv  iiarlianient  to  order  matters  relating  to 
the  tryal  of  knig  (Charles  L  of  blessetl  memory.  On 
the  13th  of  the  said  month  of  Jan.  it  was  then  com- 
monly given  out  that  he  the  said  Nicholas,  Brad- 
shaw,  and  serjeant  Franc.  Thorpe  of  Greys-Inne 
should  be  connnissioners  of  the  great  seal,  but  that 
report  came  to  nothing.  In  the  beginning  of  June 
1649  the  parliament  voted,  that  the  saitl  Nicholas 
should  be  one  of  the  judges  of  the  upper  bench,  and 
in  the  beginning  of  1650  he,  with  justice  RoUes, 
went  as  judges  the  western  circuit,  and  in  theit 
charges  given  at  several  places,  they  vindicated  the 
proceeding  of  the  parliament,  and  of  their's  and  the 
people's  ptiwer,  and  the  original  of  it,  and  endeavour'd 
to  settle  their  minds  as  to  the  then  present  govern- 
ment without  king  or  lords.  When  Oliver  came  to 
the  protectorate,  this  serjeant  Nicholas,  who  had  be- 
fore taken  the  covenant  and  the  engagement,  was 
made  one  of  the  barons  of  the  Exchequer,  and  what 
became  of  him  afterwards  in  truth  I  cannot  yet  tell, 
nor  doth  it  matter  much.  The  fifth  and  last  person 
that  was  appointed  to  bait  the  said  archb.  was  Roger 
Hill  of  the  Temple,  a  burgess  for  Brideport  in  Dor- 
setshire. He  was  ConsuuBibulus,  and  said  but 
little.  Afterwards  he  was  made  one  of  the  barons 
of  the  Exchequer  by  prince  Oliver.  Mr.  Prynnc 
wa.s  trusted  with  the  providing  of  all  the  evidence, 
and  was  relater  and  prompter  and  all,  never  weary 
of  any  thing,  so  that  he  might  do  the  archb.  mischief. 
And  as  the  archb.  conceived,  it  would  not  be  in  fu- 
ture times  the  greatest  honour  to  the  said  proceed- 
ings, that  he  (Prynne)  a  man  twice  censiir'd  in  the 
high  court  of  Star-Chamber,  and  set  in  the  pillory 
twice  (once  for  libelling  the  church,  the  government 
of  it,  and  the  bishops  the  governors)  should  now  be 
thought  the  only  fit  and  indifferent  man  to  be  trusted 
with  the  witnesses  and  evidences  against  the  archb. 
wlio  sat  at  his  censure.  He  raked  and  scraped  up 
for  witnesses  suspected  sectaries  and  semratists  from 
the  church,  which  the  archbishop  by  nis  place  was 
to  punish,  and  that  exasperated  them  agtunst  him, 
whereas  bv  law  no  schismatic  '  ought  to  be  received 
against  his  bishop.  He  also  rake<l  up  pillory  men 
and  bawds,  divers  pursevants  and  common  messen- 
gers, some  of  whom  had  shifted  rehgions  with  their 
cloaths,  particularly  James  Watlsworth  then  of  S. 
Dunstan's  in  the  West  in  London,  I  mean  the  same 
Wadsworth  who  before  had  l)een  author  of  The 
English  Spanish  Pilffrim,  &c.  and  other  Ixwks ' 
against  the  papists,  whose  religion  he  had  embraced 
and  adored.     He  the  said  Pryime  also  kept*  a  kintl 

9  See  Hist,  of  I  he  Troulles  and  Tryal  nf  Archl.  Laud, 
cap.  43.  p.  414. 

'  See  in  the  Oxford  and  Bodleian  Catalogue. 

■  ibid,  in  Uht.  if  the  Trouldes,  &c.  cap.  SI.  p.  2I9. 



of  a  school  of"  instruction  for  such  of  the  witnesses 
which  he  durst  trust,  that  they  might  be  sure  to 
speak  liome  to  the  piu-pose  as  lie  would  have  thein  : 
nay,  his  tauijieriug  with  witnesses  was  so  palpable 
and  so  foul,  that  some  that  took  notice  of  it  iwuld 
not  but  })ity  the  archbishop  and  cry  shame  of 
Prynne,  who  to  make  the  evidence  out  as  much  as 
the  devil  himself  could  do,  did  take  away  from  the 
archbishop  all  the  bundles  of  papers  that  he  had  pre- 
jiai'ed  for  his  own  defence,  his  diary  and  devotions, 
as  'tis  before  told  you ;  in  which  last  were  the  great 
secrets  between  God  and  his  soul,  so  that  they  were 
[62]  sure  then  to  have  him  at  the  very  bottom.  This 
was  first  to  cut  out  his  tongue,  and  then  bid  him 
speak  for  himself.  All  the  books  of  the  council- 
table,  stai--chamber,  high-commission,  signet-office, 
the  archbishop's  own  registers,  and  the  registers  of 
Oxford  and  Cambridge,  were  most  exquisitely  search- 
ed for  matter  against  him,  and  kept  from  him  and 
his  use,  and  consequently  afforchng  him  no  help  to 
his  defence.  Nay  if  he  had  any  thing  to  urge  out 
of  the  said  books,  or  diary,  or  devotions,  he  was  to 
petition  for  it,  and  pay  for  the  transcribing  any 
thing  from  thence.  The  first  day  of  the  archbishop's 
tryal  was  on  the  twelfth  of  March  1643,  and  carried 
on  for  twenty  days  of  hearing  till  the  29th  of  July 
1644,  and  on  the  21st  of  Sept.  following  he  made 
his  recapitulation.  In  all  which  time,  tho'  he  was 
wearied  and  tired  out  with  attendance,  and  by  into- 
lerable affronts  and  abuses  from  the  managers  of  the 
evidence  against  him,  from  the  persons  that  were 
present  at  the  hearing,  and  from  the  rabble  in  his 
going  from  the  Tower  to  the  parliament  house,  and 
in  his  return,  especially  if  it  was  by  land ;  yet  by 
his  great  patience,  stout  spirit,  and  guiltless  cause, 
he  made  as  full,  as  gallant,  and  as  pithy  a  defence, 
and  spoke  as  much  for  himself,  as  was  possible  for 
the  wit  of  man  to  invent,  and  that  with  great  art, 
vivacity,  confidence,  &c.  as  his  most  implacable 
enemy,  the  stigmatized  and  croj>ear'd  presbyterian 
Prynne  doth  acknowledge,  in  his  book  called  Canter- 
Iftiry's  Doovi,  &c.  p.  462.  The  charge  against  the 
archb.  consisted  of  many  particulars,  too  many  to  be 
here  repeated  ;  among  which  were  his  windows  in 
the  chappel  at  Lambeth,  his  pictures  in  the  gallery 
there,  his  reverence  done  in  his  chappel,  his  conse- 
cration of  churches,  his  chaplain's  expunging  things 
out  of  books  which  made  against  the  papists,  his  pre- 
ferment of  unworthy  men,  (that  is  orthodox  men 
and  stiff  prelatical  men  for  the  church  of  England) 
his  overthrow  of  the  feoffment,  some  passages  in  his 
book  against  Fisher  the  Jesuit,  his  Bible  in  his  study 
at  Lambeth,  with  five  wounds  of  Christ  wrought 
upon  the  cover  in  needle-work,  the  crucifix  hung  up 
in  the  chappel  at  Whitehall  on  G(wd-Friday,  the 
copes  and  bowings  used  in  cathedral  churches  since 
he  became  archbishop,  the  ceremonies  used  at  the 
coronation  of  K.  Cli.  I.  the  abuses  in  the  university, 
especially  in  Oxon,  the  ceremonies  in  some  ])ai-ish 
churches,  and  some  punished  for  neglect  of  them, 

the  cross  in  baptism,  &c.  with  otlier  things  relating 
to  rehgion ;  all  which  were  practised  without  con- 
troul  after  the  restoration  of  K.  Ch.  IL  While  the 
tryal  was  in  its  height,  and  no  hopes  left  of  making 
any  of  the  articles  high-treason,  a  parliament  man 
was'  pleased  to  say,  that  the  archbishop  was  now  an 
old  man,  and  it  would  be  happy  both  for  him  and 
the  parhament  if  God  would  be  pleased  to  take  him 
away.  And  when  a  friend  of  the  archbishop  did 
bemoan  his  case  to  another  parliament  man,  (of 
whom  the  archb.  had  desei-ved  very  well)  saying  he 
knew  he  was  a  good  man,  the  parliament  man  re- 
plyed,  be  he  never  so  good,  we  must  now  make  him 
ill  for  our  own  sakes.  During  also  the  tryal,  some 
citizens  of  London  were  heard  to  say,  that  tho'  the 
archb.  answered  many  things  very  well,  yet  he  must 
suffer  somewhat  for  the  honour  of  the  house.  So 
all  the  archbishop's  hopes  now,  under  God,  lay 
wholly  on  the  honour  and  justice  of  the  lords,  and 
no  other  talk  there  was  then  but  of  a  quick  dispatch. 
When  hatred  doth  accuse,  and  malice  prosecute, 
and  prepossession  sit  upon  the  bench,  God  help  the 
innocent!  They  called  him  often  to  the  bar  both 
before  and  after,  caused  a  strict  inquisition  into  all 
his  actions,  winnowed  him  like  wheat,  and  sifted  him 
to  the  very  bran  :  (which  was,  you  know,  the  devil's 
office)  they  had  against  him  all  advantages  of  power 
and  malice,  and  witnesses  at  hand  on  all  occasions : 
but  still  they  found  his  answers  and  resolutions  of 
so  good  a  temper,  his  innocence  and  integrity  of  so 
bright  a  die,  that  as  they  knew  not  how  to  dismiss 
him  with  credit,  so  neither  could  they  find  a  way  to 
condemn  him  with  justice.  And  dio'  their  con- 
sciences could  tell  them  that  he  had  done  nothing  [gS"! 
which  deserved  either  death  or  bonds ;  yet  either  to 
reward  or  oblige  the  Scots,  who  would  not  think 
themselves  secure  while  his  head  was  on,  they  were 
resolved  to  bring  him  to  a  speedy  end :  only  they 
did  desire,  if  possible,  to  lay  the  odium  of  the 
murther  on  the  common  people.  And  therefore 
serj.  Wylde  in  a  speech  against  him,  having  aggra- 
vated his  supposed  offences  to  the  highest  pitch, 
concluded  ■*  thus,  that  '  he  was  guUty  of  so  many  and 
notorious  treasons,  so  evidently  destructive  of  the 
common-wealth,  that  he  marvelled  the  jx^ople  did 
not  tear  him  in  pieces  as  he  passed  between  his  barge 
and  the  parliament  house,'  &,c.  Which  barbarous 
and  bloody  project  when  it  would  not  take,  and  that 
tho'  many  of  the  rabble  did  desire  his  death,  yet 
none  would  be  his  executioner ;  they  then  employed 
some  of  their  most  malicious  and  active  instruments, 
to  go  with  a  petition,  pcnn'd  by  themselves,  from 
door  to  door,  and  from  man  to  man,  especially  to 
the  Brownists  and  notorious  separatists,  to  get  hands 
against  him,  and  so  to  return  the  petition  to  them, 
to  hasten  his  condemnation,  which  must  forsooth  be 

^  Hist,  of  the  Troubles  and  Tryal,  &c.  as  before,  cap.  21. 
p.  217. 

■•  Brief  Relation  of  the  Death  and  Siffff  rings  of  Archb. 
Laud.  Oxon.  lC44.  p.  8. 




forced  to  their  own  desires.  Tlie  fan.atical  preachers 
also  exhorted  the  people  to  be  zealous  in  it,  telling 
them  it  was  for  the  glory  of  God,  and  the  gcMxl  of 
die  church.  In  this  petition  none  were  named  but 
tiie  archb.  and  dr.  Wren  l)ishon  of  Ely ;  so  their 
fh-ift  was  known  to  none  but  tlieir  own  ])arty,  the 
magistrates  standing  still,  and  suffering  them  to  pro- 
ceed without  any  check,  of  which  the  archb.  gave 
tliem  a  memento  in  his  dying  speech.  Whose  de- 
sign of  jx'tition  this  originally  was,  the  archb.  liad 
cause  ^  to  suspect,  that  it  was  his  restless  enemy  Mr. 
Prynne,  and  so  it  wiis  generally  believed  by  prudent 
men.  This  being  obtained,  and  delivered  to  the 
house  of  commons  on  Mondiiy  the  28th  of  Oct. 
IG'l-i,  the  business  was  pursuetl  with  such  heat  and 
violence,  that  by  the  beginnine:  of  Nov.  it  was  made 
ready  for  a  sentence,  which  some  conceived  would 
have  been  ^ivcn  in  the  king's  bench,  and  that  their 
proofs  (suc-li  as  they  were)  being  fully  ripened,  he 
should  have  been  put  over  to  a  Middlesex  jury  ;  but 
they  were  only  some  poor  ignorants  which  conceived 
so  of  it.  The  leading  members  of  the  plot  thought 
of  no  such  matter ;  and,  to  say  truth,  it  did  concern 
them  highly  not  to  go  that  way.  For  tho'  there 
was  no  question  to  be  made  at  all,  but  tliat  they 
could  have  packed  a  jury  to  have  found  the  bill, 
yet  by  a  clause  in  the  attamder  of  Tho.  earl  of  Straf- 
ford, they  had  bound  the  judges  not  to  declare 
those  facts  for  treason  in  the  time  to  come,  for 
which  tliey  had  condemned  and  executed  that  most 
heroic  count.  And  therefore  it  was  done  with  great 
care  and  caution  to  proceed  by  ordinance,  and  vote 
him  guilty  first  in  the  house  of  commons ;  in  which 
being  parties,  witnesses,  and  judges  too,  they  were 
assured  to  pass  it  as  they  would  themselves,  which 
was  done  accordingly  on  Saturday  Nov.  16.  follow- 
ing. But  yet  the  business  was  not  done,  for  the 
ordinance  was  to  be  transmitted  to  the  h.  of  lords, 
where  it  stuck,  and  the  debate  concerning  it  was  put 
off  to  Friday  Nov.  22.  Then  PhiUp  earl  of  Pem- 
broke began  more  fully  to  shew  his  canker'd  humour 
against  the  archbishop,  then  in  all  probability  to  lose 
his  life,  but  how  provoked,  the  archbishop  protested^ 
he  knew  not,  unless  by  his  serving  him  far  beyond 
his  desert.  There,  among  other  course  language, 
he  bestowed  the  rascal  and  the  villain  ujwn  him  ; 
and  told  the  lords  very  wisely,  they  would  put  off 
giving  their  consent  to  the  ordinance,  till  the  citizens 
would  come  down  and  call  for  justice,  as  they  did 
in  tlie  earl  of  Strafford's  case.  But  some  of  them 
having  not  extinguished  all  the  sparks  of  honour, 
did  by  the  light  thereof  discover  tlie  injustice  of  so 
foul  a  practice  as  tlie  ordinance  was,  together  with 
the  danger  that  might  befall  themselves,  if  once  dis- 
favoured by  the  grandees  of  that  potent  faction,  and 
therefore  the  debate  concerning  the  passing  thereof 
among  them  was  put  off  from  time  to  time.     At 

'  In  the  Hisl.  of  Troubles,  &  before,  cap.  44.  p.  432. 
"  Ibid.  cap.  46.  p.  441. 

length,  on  Thursday  Nov.  28.  Mr.  Will.  Strode  (he 
that  made  all  the  blotnly  motions)  went  up  with  a 
message  from  the  commons  to  quicken  the  lords  in 
this  business  ;  and  at  the  end  of  his  message  he  let  [6^] 
fall,'  that  they  should  do  well  to  agree  to  tne  ordi- 
nance, or  else  the  multitudi'  would  come  down  and 
force  them  to  it.  At  this  scjme  lords  very  honour- 
ably took  exception,  and  Mr.  Strode  tlurst  not  hide 
it,  that  this  was  any  part  of  the  message  ilelivered  to 
him  by  the  house  of  commons.  But  the  matter  wa« 
passed  over,  and  Mr.  Strode  not  so  much  as  checked. 
It  is  said "  that  alwut  this  time  many  of  the  house 
of  commons  had  recourse  to  their  old  arts,  and  drew 
down  .sir  David  Watkins  with  his  general  muster  of 
subscriptions,  and  put  a  petition  into  his  hands,  to 
be  tendered  by  him  to  the  houses,  that  is  themselves; 
wherein  it  was  required,  among  other  things,  that 
they  would  vigorously  proceed  unto  the  punisliment 
of  all  delinquents ;  anu  that  for  the  more  quick  dis- 
patch of  the  public  business  of  the  state,  the  lord* 
would  be  plea.sed  to  vote  and  sit  together  with  the 
commons ;  but  how  true  this  is  I  cannot  tell,  liccause 
the  archbi.sliop  takes  no  notice  of  it  in  his  Hist,  of 
Troubles,  &c.  sure  it  is,  that  the  pa.ssing  of  the  ordi- 
nance by  the  lords  being  deferred  from  time  to  time, 
it  passed  at  length  in  a  slender  house  on  the  4tli  of 
Jan.  following,  at  which  time  were  only  present 
Henry  earl  of  Kent,  Philip  earl  of  Pembroke,  WU- 
liam  ejirl  of  Salisbury,  Oliver  earl  of  Bolenbroke, 
Dudley  lord  North,  and  Will,  lord  Grey  of  Werke; 
all  of  the  presbyterian  die.  As  for  Thomas  lord 
Bruce,  an  English  baron  (earl  of  Elgin  in  Scodand) 
who  is  reported '  to  be  one  of  those  lords  that  pass- 
ed the  ordinance,  it  is  false,  for  he  hath  frequendy ' 
disclaimed  that  action,  and  solemnly  professed  his 
detestation  of  the  whole  proceedings,  as  most  abhor- 
rent from  his  nature,  and  contrary  to  his  known  af- 
fections, as  well  unto  his  majesty's  ser^'ice,  as  the 
peace  and  preservation  of  the  church  of  England. 
The  ordinance  of  attainder  being  thus  passed, 
(which  was  on  the  very  same  day  that  they  esta- 
blished their  directory  instead  of  the  common- 
prayer)  whereby  it  was  ordained  that  the  archb. 
should  suffer  death  as  in  cases  of  high-treason,  it 
was  ordered  by  Ixrtli  houses  that  he  should  suffer 
accordingly  on  Friday  the  10th  of  Jan.  16 14.  The 
news  of  which  being  brought  to  the  archb.  by  the 
lieutenant  of  the  Tower,  Isaac  Pennington,  he  neither 
entertained  ^  it  with  a  stoical  apathy,  nor  waited  hi* 
fate  with  weak  and  womanish  lamentations,  but 
heard  it  with  so  even  and  so  smoodi  a  temper,  as 
shewed  he  neither  was  afraid  to  live,  nor  asham'd  to 
die.     The  time  between  the  sentence  and  the  execu- 

7  Ibid. 

"  Brief  I( elation,  &c.  lit  supr.  p.  10. 

^   In  Merc.   Aulicus,   from   Jan.  5.  to  Jan.   12.    |644.   p. 
1333.  as  also  in  tbc  Brief  liilalion  beforc-incntion'd,  p.  10. 

'  See  in   Cypr.  Angl.  or,  I  he  Life  nf  Archh.  Laud,  &c. 
written  by  Dr.  Fct.  Hcylin.  p.  5?7,  &c. 

'  Brief  Relat.  p   14. 





tion  lie  spent  in  prayers  and  applications  to  tlie  Lord 
liis  Grod ;  liavinjT  o'btained,  tlio'  not  witliout  some 
difficulty,  a  chaj)lain  of  his  ouii,  Dr.  Rich.  Sterne, 
to  attend  u}X)n  him,  and  to  assist  him  in  the  work 
of  preparation ;  tho'  little  pre})aration  needed  to  re- 
ceive tnat  blow,  which  could  not  hut  be  welcome, 
because  lon<^  expected.  For  so  well  was  he  studied 
in  the  art  of  dying  (especially  in  the  last  antl  strictest 
part  of  his  imprisonment)  that  bv  continual  fiistings, 
watchings,  prayers,  ami  such  like  acts  of  Christian 
humiliation  liis  flesh  was  rarified  into  spirit,  and  the 
whole  man  so  fitted  for  eternal  glories,  that  lie  was 
more  than  half  in  heaven,  before  death  brought  his 
bloody  (but  triumphant)  chariot  to  convey  him  thi- 
ther. I  shall  now,  accordirig  to  promise,  give  you 
the  titles  of  his  works,  and  then  proceed  to  his 
death  and  burial.     The  titles  are  these,  viz. 

Several  sermons,  as  (1.)  Sermon  preached  before 
his  Majesty  at  \Va7isted,  19  June  1621;  on  Psal. 
122.  6,  7.  Lond.  1621.  qu.  [Bod].  4to.  C.  79.  Th.] 
(2.)  Serin,  at  Whitehall  24  Mar.  1621,  bein^  the 
Day  of  the  Beginning  of  his  Majesty's  most  gra- 
cious  Reign ;  on  Psal.  21.  6,  7.  Lond.  1622.  qu. 
[Bodl.  4to.  C.  79.  Th.]  (3.)  Serm.  before  his  Ma- 
jesty at  Whitehall;  on  Psal.  75.  2,  3.  Lond.  1625. 
gu.  [Bodl.  4to.  C.  79.  Th.]  (4.)  Serm.  at  Westm. 
6  Feb.  1625,  at  the  Opening  of  the  Parliament;  on 
Psal.  122.  3,  4,  5.  Lond.  1625.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  C. 
79.  Th.]  (5.)  Serm.  at  Westm.  17  Mar.  1627,  at 
the  Opening  of  the  Pari,  on  Ephes.  4.  3.  Lond. 
1628.  qu.  [Bcidl.  4to.  C.  79.  Th.]  (6.)  Serm.  at 
Whitehall  at  a  solemn  Fast  before  the  King,  5  Jul. 
1626 ;  oji  Psal.  74.  22.  Lond!  1626.  qu.  [Bodl.  A. 
10.  24.  Line]  (7.)  Serm.  at  PauPs  Cross  on  the 
King''s  Inauguration;  on  Psal.  22.  1.  printed  at 
Lond.  Which  seven  sermons  were  re-printed  at 
the  same  place  in  oct.'  an.  1651.  [Bodl.  Crynes 

Several  speeches,  as  (1.)  Speech  delivered  in  the 
Star-chamber,  14  Jun.  1637,  at  the  Censure  of  J  oh. 
Bastioick,  Hen.  Burton,  and  Will.  Prynne,  Lond. 
1637,  &c.  qu.*     (2.)  Speech  in  Answer  to  that  of 

'  \Seven  Sermons  preached  upon  several  Occasions;  by  the 
right  rev.  and  learned  Father  in  God,  William  Land,  late 
Archlishup  of  Canterbury  isfc.  London,  Printed  for  R. 
Lowndes  at  the  White  Lion  in  S.  Paulas  Church  Yard 
MDCLI.     I  have  them,  containing  339  pages.     Cole.] 

■•  [If  the  Ilarleian  Catalogue  is  to  be  considered  as  snffi- 
cient  authority,  there  were  only  twenty-Jive  copies  of  this 
speech  printed,  (Harl.  Cat.  ii.  669,  numb.  11120.)  but  I 
consider  this  assertion  as  unfounded.  In  the  Bodleian  are 
three  copies  of  the  original  edition,  two  of  which  were  left 
by  Dr.  Rich.  Rawlin^oii  (Rawl.  4to.  13+,  and  I4g.)  It 
may  not  be  generally  known,  that  it  was  to  lliis  antiquary 
the  wortd  was  indebted  for  a  reprint  of  the  archbishop's 
speech,  from  a  copy  in  the  possession  of  his  brother  Thomas 
Rawlinson,  esq.  containing  MS.  ReHcnions  by  archbishop 
Williams  (then  bishop  of  Lincoln)  which  are  carefully  given 
in  the  margins  of  the  reprint.  Of  this  book,  copies  printed 
on  vellum,  are  in  the  Bodleian  library  and  at  St.  John's  col- 

On  the  last  leaf  of  Dr.  Rawlinson's  copy  of  this  speech 
is  written  in  his  own  hand — •  Stricturas  hasce  mordaciorcs 

Serjeant  Jo.  Wylde.  Which  last  was  by  the  said 
Wylde  spoken  by  way  of  introduction  to  the  tryal 
of  archb.  Laud,  12  Mar.  1643.  This  speech  is  in 
Canterbury  s  Doom,  published  by  Will.  Prynne,  p. 
53,  &c.  and  in  The  Hist,  of  the  troubles  and  Tryai  ^ 
of  Will.  Laud  Archb.  of  Cant.  cap.  22.  p.  222,  &c. 
In  both  which  lxx)ks  you'll  hnd  several  other 
speeches  and  di.seourses  of  him  the  said  archbishop, 
who  hath  made  other  speeches  in  the  names  of  other 

Coiference  between  him  and  Jolt.  Fisher,  Lond. 
1624.  fol.    This  was  published  under  his  chaplain's 
name  11.  B.  i.  e.  Rich.  Baylie  of  S.  John's  coll.  in 
Oxon,  and  reprinted  in  1639  [Bodl.  G.  7.  13.  Th.] 
and  1673.  fol.     The  conference   was   held   before 
George  marquiss  of  Buckingham,  and   Mary  the 
countess  his  mother,  on  the  24th  of  May  1622; 
and  Dr.  Laud  hearing  that  Fisher  had  spread  se- 
veral copies  of  the  conference  into  divers  recusants 
hands,  he  in  the  Christmas  following  communicated 
it  to  his  majesty,  was  three  times  with  him,  and 
read  it  over  all  to  him  ;  which  he  commanded  .should 
be  printed  :  and  thereuixin  the  author  desired  that 
it  might  pass  in  a  third  person  under  the  name  of 
R.  B.  which  was  grantea.     After  that,  he  shewed 
his  majesty  tlie  epistle  to  be  set  before  it,  which  he 
was  pleased   to  approve ;  and  having  spent  some 
time  vfiih  Dr.  W.  in  making  it  ready  for  the  press, 
'twas  published  16  Apr.   l624.     When  it  was  li- 
censed and  put  into  the  press,  the  blessed  author  of 
it  saith  *  thus — '  I  am  no  controvertist :  May  God  so 
love  and  bless  my  soul,  as  I  desire  and  endeavour 
that  all  the  never  to  be  enough  deplored  distractions 
of  the  church,  may  be  comjiosed  happily,  and  to  the 
glory  of  his  name.'     This  Co^iference  was  look'd 
upon  as  a  piece  so  solidly  compacted,  that  one  of  our' 
historians  (who  shews  himself  to  be  none  of  Laud's 
greatest  friends)  gives  it  the  commendation  of  being 
the  exactest  master-piece  of  jwlemique  divinity  of 
any  extant  at  that  time ;  and  farther  affirms,  that 
he  declared  himself  therein  so  little  theirs,  (meaning 
the  papists)  as  he  had  for  ever  disabled  them  from 
being  so  much  their  own,  as  before  they  were.     Sir 
Edw.  Deering  also,  his  professed  adversary,  in  the 
preface  to  the  book  7  of  speeches,  could  not  but  con- 
fess that  in  the  said  lx)ok  of  bish.  Laud,  especially 
in  the  last  half  of  it,  he  hatl  muzzled  the  Jesuit,  and 
should  strike  the  papists  under  the  fifth  rib,  when 
he  was  dead  and  gone  :  and  being  dead,  that  where- 
soever his  grave  shoukl   be,   Paul's   should  be  his 
perpetual  monument,  and  his  own  liook  his  epitaph. 

in  oralionem  hanc  prsstaniissimam  istius  celeberrimi  mar« 
tyris  Gul.  Laudi  arciiiep.  Gintuaneiisis  ex  Robcrti  Petti  eq. 
MS.  |ieiies  fratreni  nieum  charissimuin  Medii  Tcmpli  so- 
citnii,  iranscriljcre  noii  inutile  x^iiin^ivi,  venia  prius  concessa.' 
R.  Rawlinson  coll.  Div.  .lo    Bapl   Oxon.  I7O8-9.] 

'  In  the  Diary  nf  his  Life,  in  Feb.  l623. 

"  Hani.  L'Estiange  in  \ni  Reign  of  K.  Ch.L  printed  1C56, 
p.  187.  an.  iGSy. 

'  Collection  ofParliam.  Speeches,  p.  5. 





lt was  answer''d'*  by  a  Jesuit  named  Tho.  Carwell 
alias  Thorold  a  Lincolnshire  man  born,  in  a  Ixxik 
cntit.  Lnhyrinthus  Cantuarieiisu ;  or.  Dr.  Laud's 
Laltyrinth :  being  an  Atiswer  to  the  late  Archbi- 
sliop  of  Canterbury's  Relation  of  a  Conference  be- 
tzceen  himself  and  Mr.  Fisher,  &c.  Par.  alias  Lond. 
1658.  fbl.  Which  answer  was  replyed  upon  by  Dr. 
Meric  Casaulwn  (as  I  shall  tell  you  elsewhere)  and 
by  Mr.  Edw.  Stillin<rflcet. 

Ansxver  to  the  Exceptions  of  A.  C. This  is 

printed  with  the  Conference. 

Memorables  of  K.  Jam.  I.  of  famous  Memory. 
—They  are  in  number  29,  and  were  printed  with 
bish.  Laud's  Diary  of  his  LiJ'e,  by  Will.  Prynne. 
They  are  called  by  the  author,  Sliort  Annotations 
upon  the  Life  and  Death  of  the  most  augiist  K. 
James,  which  George  duke  of  Buckingham  had 
commanded  him  to  draw  up. 

Answer  to  the  Remonstrance  made  by  the 
of  Commons  in  June  1628.  In  this  Remon-itrance 
Dr.  Neile  B.  of  Winch,  and  Dr.  Laud  B.  of  B.  and 
Wells,  being  charged  that  they  favoured  and  pro- 
tected the  Arminian  faction,  Laud  wa-s  the  more 
ready  to  make  an  answer,  especially  when  the  king 
commanded  him  so  to  do. 

Various  letters,  as  (1.)  Letters  (if  State,  disperse<l 
in  the  Cabalas  and  divers  books.  (2.)  Letter  with 
divers  Maniiscripts  sent  to  the  University  of  Oxon. 
Lond.  1640,  with  the  answer  of  the  university,  Iwth 
in  one  sheet  in  qu.  [Bodl.  4t().  L.  71.  Th.]  which  I 
have  mentionVl  elsewhere :  They  were  botli  written 
in  Latin,  but  foolishly  translated  into  English  by  a 
schismatical  person,  purposely  to  bring  an  odium  on 
Dr.  Laud.  See  Hist.  &,-  Antiq.  Univ.  Oxon.  lib.  1. 
p.  348  b.  (;-5)  Letter  to  the  Univ.  of  Oxon  when 
he  resigned  his  Office  of  Chancellor.  Oxon.  1641. 
in  one  sh.  in  qu.  [Bodl.  C.  8.  29-  Line]  published 
by  occasion  of  a  base  libel  or  forgery  that  ran  under 
the  said  title.  The  university\s  Answer  in  Lat.  is 
joined  to  it,  &c.  It  nuist  be  now  kno^vn,  that  as 
soon  as  Prynne  was  possess''d  of  archb.  Laud's  pa- 
pers (which  I  have  mention'd  before)  he  set'  hmi- 
self  with  eager  malice  to  make  use  of  them  to  his 
defamation,  and  to  prove  the  charge  of  popery,  and 
abetting  arbitrary  government,  by  the  publication 
of  many  of  them.  His  first  specimen  in  this  kind, 
was  a  pamphlet  which  came  out  in  Aug.  1643,  en- 
tit.  Romes  Master-piece,  containing  the  papers  and 
letters  relating  to  the  plot,  contrived  by  papists 
against  the  church  and  state  then  established  in 
England,  and  discovered  by  Andr.  ab  Habernfield. 
But  never  did  malice  apjjear  (as  one'  saith)  so  gross 

'  \A  liepHe  lo  u  Relation  of  the  Conference  between  fVil- 
liam  Lmide  and  Mr.  l-'tslier  the  Jesiiile.  By  a  Jf'ttuesse  of 
Jesus  Chri.ll.  Jnprinlcil  Annn  i640,  4t<>.  penes  me.  It  con- 
tains 40A  pages  ill  a  small  print,  besides  ineded.  lo  the  king, 
and  preface,  &c.  and  is  wrote  by  some  faiuilic  of  those  blessed 
times.     Cole.] 

'  Sec  in  the  preface  to  The  Ilist.  of  IheTroulles  and  Tryal 
of  Archb.  Litid. 

'  The  author  of  the  preface  before-mentioned. 

and  ridiculous  together,  as  in  this  case.  For  from 
tiiis  plot,  if  there  were  any  truth  in  it,  it  apjx-ared 
that  the  hfe  of  the  archbishop  was  chiefly  anned  at 
l)y  the  plotters,  as  the  grand  obstacle  of  this  design, 
and  one  who  could  by  no  arts  Ix;  wrought  to  any 
connivance  of  them,  much  less  concurrence  with 
them.  This  pamphlet  being,  after  the  ]>ublication 
of  it,  carried  to  the  archbishop  in  the  Tower,  he 
wrote  in  it 

Marginal  Notes,  in  Answer  to  W.  Prynne'a 
Falsifications  and  malicious  Calumnies  mixed 
tlierein.  This  very  Ixwk  with  the  marginal  notes 
coming  after  the  archbishop's  death  into  the  hands 
of  Dr.  Rich.  Baylie  before-mention'd,  came  after 
his  death  into  my  hands,  and  so  it  is  mention'd  in 
the  second  vol.  of  Ath.  Oxon.  printed  1692.  p.  3L 
Which  passage  being  read  by  that  worthy  gent. 
Mr.  Henry  Wharton,  he  desired  by  his  letter  dated 
that  I  would  be  plea.sed  to  communicate 
to  him  the  said  book  with  notes:  which  desire  of 
his  being  granted,  and  the  lMK)k  sent  to  him  at  Lon- 
don, he  reprinted  it,  and  printetl  with  it  the  arch- 
bishop's marginal  notes  at  the  end  of  the  Hist,  of 
t/ie  Troubles  and  Tryal  of  the  Rev.  Fath.  in 
God  and  blessed  Marti/r  Will.  Laud  Archb.  ofCarv- 
tcrb.  Lond.  1695.  fol> 

The  siiid  archbishop  hath  also  written. 
Diary  ofhiji  IJfe — This,  which  is  partly  written 
in  Latin,  but  mostly  in  English,  was  published  by 
Prynne  in  9  sh.  in  fol.  in  Aug.  1644,  as  an  intro- 
duction or  prologue  to  The  History  of  the  Arcltbi- 
,ihop  of  Canterbury'' s  Tryal,  but  neither  entire,  nor 
faithfullv,  as  far  as  he  did  pubhsh  it;  but  altered, 
mangleo,  corrupted  and  glossed  in  a  most  shamefid 
manner ;  accompanied  with  desperate  imtruths,  as 
the  archb.  complains  in  his  History  of  his  Troubles 
and  Tryal,  and  adds  this,  '  For  tliis  Breviat  (or 
Diary)  of  his,  if  God  send  me  life  and  strength  to 
end  this  (history)  first,  I  shall  discover  to  the  world 
the  base  and  malicious  slanders  with  which  it  is 
fraught.'  It  must  be  now  observed,  that  it  lieing 
known  to  some  parliament  men  that  the  archbishop 
kept  a  private  diary  of  his  life,  and  had  gathered 
divers  papers  for  his  own  defence,  a  close  committe 

"  [In  1700  the  second  volume  of  this  work  appeared  un- 
der the  title  of  Laud's  Remains,  vol.  2.  piililished  by  Ed- 
mund Wharton,  rector  of  Saxliiigham  in  Norfolk,  father  of 
ilie  learned  Henrv  \\  barton,  who  left  the  papers  ready  pre- 
pared for  the  press,  with  a  request  that  ihey  might  be  sent 
forth  t"  the  world.     This  vol.  contains 

1.  .In  Answer  to  the  Speech  of  the  right  honourable  Wil- 
liam Lord  VisiounI  Suy  fSf  Seal,  spoken  in  Parliament  upon 
the  BUI  about  Bishop's  Power  in  Civil  Affairs,  and  Courts 
(f  Judical itre  Anno  lf)41. 

8.  Speech  in  the  Star  Chamber  against  Baslwick,  &c.  (as 
noticed  before.) 

3.  .'In  Historical  Account  of  nil  Material  Transactions  re- 
lating lo  the  Univmity  of  Oiforil,  from  .Archbishop  Laud's 
being  elected  Chancellor,  lo  his  Resignation  of  that  Office. 
This  lalter  is  a  tract  of  the  grcatesi  inicrest  nnd  value  to  those 
curious  in  the  history  of  our  famous  university.] 

^  The  author  of  the  preface  before-mcntionea. 



of  lords  and  commons  directed  a  warrant  dat.  30 
May  1643  to  Prvnne  and  others,  to  make  a  search 
and  seize  u|X)n  nil  letters  and  ))apers  that  are  in  the 
custody  of  certain  prisoners  in  tlie  Tower  of  Lon- 
don ;  by  virtue  of  which  warrant  lie,  with  certain 
soldiers,  repaired  very  early  to  the  Tower  on  the 
next  day,  and  Prynne  rushing  suddenly  into  the 
archbishop's  chamber  before  he  was  stiring  from  his 
bed,  went  directly  to  his  breeches  lying  by  his  bed- 
side, and  thrusting  his  hands  into  his  pockets  with 
very  great  impudence,  took  thence  the  said  Diary 
and  book  of  private  devotions,  besides  several  bun- 
[67]  dies  of  paj>ers,  as  I  have  before  told  you,  purposely 
to  clear  up  the  charge  against  him.  After  that  the 
Diary  was  several  times  brought  in  open  court, 
that  several  passages  therein  might  rise  up  against 
him,  as  some  in  his  book  of  private  devotions  did. 
At  length  after  they  had  made  use  of  the  diary  as 
much  as  they  could,  his  most  implacable  enemy 
Prynne  caused  it  to  be  printed  in  the  latter  end  of 
Aug.  1644,  as  before  'tis  told  you.  And  when  the 
archbishop  came  (after  20  days  hearing)  to  his  reca- 
pitulation, which  was  on  the  2  of  Sept.  following, 
he  tells*  you  thus — '  But  so  soon  as  I  came  to  the 
harr,  (in  the  lords  house)  I  saw  every  lord  present 
wth  a  new  thin  book  in  folio,  in  a  blue  coat  (or 
coyer.)  I  heard  that  morning  that  Mr.  Prynne  had 
printed  my  diary,  and  published  it  to  the  world  to 
disgrace  me.  Some  notes  of  his  own  are  made  u]X)n 
it.  The  first  and  the  last  are  two  desperate  un- 
truths, besides  some  others.  This  was  the  book 
then  in  the  lords  hands,  and  I  assure  my  self,  that 
time  was  picked  for  it,  that  the  sight  of  it  might 
damp  me,  and  disenable  me  to  speak :  I  confess  I 
was  a  little  troubled  at  it.  But  after  I  had  gather- 
ed up  my  self,  and  looked  up  to  God,  I  went  on  to 
the  business  of  the  day,'  &c.  The  first  passage  of 
the  diary  before-mention'd  of  Prynne's  putting  in, 
is,  that  the  archbishop  was  bom  of  poor  and  obscure 
parents,  in  a  cottage  (in  Reading)  just  over  against 
the  cage :  which  cage  since  his  coming  to  the  areh- 
bishoprick  of  Canterbury,  upon  complaint  of  Mr. 
Elverton  (that  it  was  a  dishonour  the  cage  should 
stand  so  near  the  house,  where  so  great  a  royal  fa- 
vourite and  prelate  had  his  birth)  was  remov'd  to 
some  other  place,  and  the  cottage  pulled  down  and 
new  built  by  the  bishop. — The  last  passage  in  the 
sjud  book  p.  35,  of  Prynne's  putting  in  also,  runs 
thus, — '  When  he  (the  archbishop)  was  a  young 
scholar  in  Oxford,  he  dreamed  one  night,  that  he 
came  to  far  greater  preferment  in  the  church,  and 
power  in  the  state,  than  ever  any  man  of  his  birth 
and  calling  did  before  him  :  in  which  greatness  and 
worldly  happiness  he  continued  many  years ;  but 
after  all  this  happiness,  before  he  awaked,  he  dream- 
ed he  was  hanged,'  &c.  And  tho'  these  two  pas- 
sages  were   desperate  untruths,  as  the  arclib.  be- 

*  In  his  liitt.  of  his  Troulles  and  Tryal,  cap.  42.  p.  41 1, 

fore  told  you,  and  otlier  notes  and  reflections,  with 
additions  by  Prynne,  were  most  vile  and  uncha^ 
ritable,  yet  when  the  Diary,  with  the  ai'chbishop's 
projects  at  the  end,  came  into  the  hands  of  judicious 
and  impartial  men,  they  t(x>k  the  publication  there- 
of to  be  the  greatest  piece  of  justice  that  ever  came 
from  Prynne's  hands.  For  what  the  generality 
could  not  think  before  of  the  archbishop,  were  then 
confirmed  of  his  character,  which  I  have  told  you, 
xnz.  that  he  was  a  man  of  eminent  virtues,  exem- 
plary piety,  &c.     The  archb.  hath  also  written. 

Speech  or  Funeral  Sei-mo/t  on  the  Scaffold  ov 
Tower  Hill  at  the  Time  of  his  Excadion ;  on  Heb. 
12.  1,  2.  Lond.  1644,  45,  together  with  liis  prayer, 
both  printed  in  two  sheets  in  qu.  The  original  of 
these  are  kept  in  MS.  under  his  o\m  hand  in  S. 
John's  coll.  library.  It  was  answered  by  his  im- 
placable enemy  Hen.  Burton  minister  of  St.  Mat- 
thew's church  in  Friday-street  in  Lond.  in  a  pam- 
phlet bearing  this  title,  The  grand  Impostor  un- 
masked ;  or,  a  Detection  of'  t/ie  notorious  Hypo- 
crisy, and  desperate  Impiety  of  the  late  Archb.  (ao 
stiled)  of  Canterbury  whicfi  he  rectd  on  the  Scaf- 
fold  at  his  Execution,  10  Jan.  1644,  printed  in  two 
sh.  and  an  half  in  qu.  There  were  other  scandalous 
answers  that  were  written  and  published  by  ano- 
nym!, among  which  one  bears  this  title,  A  full  and 
sati.ffactory  Answer  to  the  Archb.  of  Canterbury's 
Speech,  or  Funeral  Sermon  preached,  &c.  wherein 
is  a  full  and  plenary  Discourse  to  satisfy  all  those 
who  have  been  stai-tled  with  his  suttle  and  Jesuiti- 
cal Fancies,  and  Evasion  in  the  said  Speech,  8cc. 
Lond.  1645.  in  3  sh.  in  qu.  It  is  a  sUIy  thing, 
and  more  fit  for  a  posterior  use,  than  to  be  read  by 
any  scholar  or  man  of  understanding.  The  archb. 
hath  also  written, 

Officium  Quotidianum :  or,  a  Manual  of  private 
Devotions.  Lond.  1650  and  63  in  oct. 

A  Summary  of  Devotions.  Lond.  1667.  in  tw. 
pubhshed  according  to  the  copy,  written  with  his 
own  hand,  in  the  archieves  of  S.  John's  coU.  librarj*. 

Variw  Epistolw  ad  clariss.  Ger.  Jo.  Vos.sium. 
The  number  of  them  is  18,  and  they  are  printed  in 
a  book  en  tit.  Gerardi  Johan.  Vossii  (§•  clai-orum  Vi- 
rorum  ad  eiim  Epistolw.  Lond.  1690.  fol.  publish- 
ed by  Paul.  Colomesius. 

History  of  his  Troubles  a?ul  Tryal,  written  dur- 
ing his  Imprisonment  in  the  Toxcer.  I^ond.  1695. 
fin.  This  book,  which  was  ])id)lished  in  Dec.  1694, 
hath  several  marginal  notes  in  it  made  by  Dr.  Will. 
Sancroft  sometimes  the  worthy  archb.  of  Canterburj', 
and  Mr.  Hen.  Wharton.  Before  this  History  of 
the  Trmddes,  &c.  is  put  by  way  of  introduction  to 
it,  The  Diary  of  the  Archbishop)  s  Life,  from  his 
Birth  to  the  'Middle  of  the  Year  1643 :  faithfully 
and  entirely  published  from  the  original  copy  wrote 
with  his  own  liand,  and  hath  the  Latin  part  rendred 
into  English  and  adjoyned ;  all  done  ny  the  gi-eat 
care  of  the  said  Mr.  Wharton,  who  hath  also  added 
to  the  said  Hist,  of  the  Troubles,  he.  These  things 



following  wi-itten  by  the  archb.  viz.  (1)  His  Speech 
at  his  Death  on  the  Scq/fold,  8cc.  (2)  His  last  Will 
and  Testament,  made  in  the  Tower  13  of  Jan.  1643. 
(3)  Several  Passages  of  his  Conference  zuith  Fisher 
the  Jesuit,  from  the  edition  of  1039,  and  referred 
to  in  the  preceding  history  ;  liesides  other  passages 
from  other  books,  which  are  also  referred  to  in  the 
said  history.  (4)  His  Answer  to  the  Speech  of 
Will.  Ij)rd  Sttij  and  Seal,  touching  the  Littu-gn. 
Tile  said  lord  liaving  been  very  free  with  the  arcnib. 
concerning  his  mean  birth,  he  answered  him  that 
his  father  was  of  the  same  trade  with  the  father  of 
his  immediate  predecessor  in  the  see  of  Canterb. 
called  Dr.  George  Abbot,  that  is  a  sherman  or 
clothier :  which  trade,  as  that  of  the  staple,  did 
then  and  before  give  original  to  many  of  our  an- 
tient  families,  as  merchants  that  deal  in  foreign 
wares  do  now.  The  said  An-nver  to  the  Speech  &c. 
was  finished  by  the  archb.  in  the  Tower,  3  Dec. 
1641.  (.5)  His  annual  Accounts  of  his  Province 
presented  to  the  King  in  the  Beginning  of  every 
Year.  These  annual  accounts  are  from  1633  to 
the  end  of  1639,  and  have  apostills,  or  marginal 
notes  added  to  them  with  the  king's  own  hand. 
(6)  His  \otes  on  R<ymt-'s  Ma.itcr-piece:  or,  the 
grand  Conspiracy  of  the  Pope,  &c.  Which  !)o<)k 
IS  there  reprmted.  (7)  Several  Letters :  Of  which 
a  large  letter  to  sir  Ken.  Digby  about  the  change  of 
liis  religion  for  that  of  Rome,  dated  27  of  Mar. 
1636,  IS  one.  I  have  seen  and  perused  a  MS. 
written  by  the  hand  of  John  Birkenhead,  amanu- 
ensis to  archb.  Laud,  containing  all  the  passages 
which  concern  the  university  ot  Oxon,  smce  the 
said  archbishop's  first  nomination  and  election  to 
the  chancellorship  of  the  said  university.  It  com- 
menceth  12  Apr.  1630.  and  ends  on  the  14  of  Dec. 
1640,  and  is  bound  up  in  a  vellom  cover  in  fol.  and 
endorsed  by  the  archb.  thus, 

Gesta  sub  Cancellariatu  meo  Oxon.  This  manu- 
script was  conmiunicated  to  me,  when  I  was  com- 
posmg  Hist.  (Sj-  Antiq.  Univ.  O.ron.  l)y  Dr.  Pet. 
Mews,  president  of  S.  John's  coll.  wherein  finding 
many  useful  things  for  my  purpose  (which  another 
may  do  for  his,  and  therefore,  I  presume,  it  escaped 
Prynn's  hands)  I  thought  it  therefore  not  un- 
worthy of  a  place  here,  as  I  could  do  of  many 
other  things  written  by  the  said  archb.  which  I 
have  seen  reserved  in  private  custody  as  choice 
monuments,  but  time  calls  me  away,  and  I  nuist 
hasten.  Yet  I  cannot  but  let  the  reader  know, 
that  there  is  a  folio  manuscript  going  from  hand  to 
hand,  entit.  Wholesome  Queries  resolved  hi/  Dr. 
Laud,  manifesting  that  Monarchy  is  no  safe  Prin- 
ciple Jrrr  Protestants,  &c.  Sed  caveat  lector.  An- 
su-er  to  the  Speech  of  Nath.  Fiennes,  touching  the 
Sv]ijccts  Liberty  against  the  late  Canons  and  the 
ncze  Oath.  1'liis  contains  al)ove  50  pages  in  fol.  of 
the  arclil)ishoj)'s  writing,  but  'tis  not  yet  extant.  At 
length,  that  I  may  bring  this  renowned  prelate  to 
his  last  end,  I  must  tell  you  that  the  fatal  morning 

being  come,  which  was  Friday  the  10  of  Jan.  1G44»  »<544. 
he  first  applyed  himself  to  his  jirivate  prayers,  and 
so  continued  til!  Isa^tc  Pennington  lieut.  of  the  [69] 
Tower,  an<l  other  officers  came  to  conduct  him  to 
the  scaffold ;  which  he*  a.scended  with  .so  brave  a 
courage,  such  a  chearful  countenance,  as  if  he  had 
mounted  rather  to  behold  a  triumj)h,  than  be  mode 
a  sacrifice,  and  came  not  there  to  die,  but  Ik-  trans- 
lated. And  to  say  truth  it  wa.s  no  scaff'old,  but  a 
throne ;  a  throne  whereon  he  shortly  was  to  receive 
a  crown,  even  the  most  glorious  crown  of  martyr- 
dom. And  tho'  some  rude  and  uncivil  people  re- 
vil'd  him  as  he  j>'d  along,  with  opprobrious  lan- 
guage, as  loth  to  let  him  go  to  his  grave  in  peace, 
vet  It  never  disscompos'd  his  thoughts,  or  disturb'd 
his  patience.  And  as  he  did  not  fear  tlie  frown.s,  so 
neitlier  did  he  covet  the  applause,  of  the  vulgar 
herd,  and  therefore  rather  cnose  to  read  what  he 
had  to  sjieak  unto  the  people,  than  to  affect  the 
ostentation  either  of  memory  or  wit  in  that  dreadful 
agony ;  whether  with  greater  magnanimity  or  pru- 
dence I  can  hardly  say.  As  for  tlie  matter  ot  his 
speech  or  sermon,  liesules  what  did  concern  himself 
and  his  own  purgation,  his  great  care  was  to  clear 
his  majesty,  and  the  church  of  England  fi-om  any 
inclination  to  popery ;°  with  a  ixjrsuasion  of  the 
which,  the  authors  of  the  then  miseries  had  abused 
the  people,  and  made  them  take  up  arms  against 
their  sovereign.  After  the  speech  and  prayers  were 
ended,  he  gave  the  paper  which  he  reaa  to  his  then 
chaplain  Dr.  Sterne,  desiring  him  to  shew  it  to  his 
other  cha{)lains,  that  they  might  know  how  he  de- 
jiarted  out  of  this  work!,  and  so  prayed  God  to 
shew  his  mercies  and  blessings  upon  them.  And 
noting  how  John  Hinde  luitl  employed  himself  in 
taking  a  copy  of  his  speech,  in  short  hand,  as  it 
came  from  his  mouth,  he  desired  him  not  to  do  him 
wrong  in  publishing  a  false  or  imperfect  copy.  Cer- 
tainly never  did  man  put  off  mortiility  with  a  braver 
courage,  nor  look  ujwn  his  bkxKly  and  miilicious 
enemies  with  more  Christian  charity,  than  this  most 
rev.  prelate  did.  And  thus  far  he  was  gone  in  his 
way  towards  with  such  a  primitive  mag- 
nanimity, as  ecjuall'd  if  not  exceeded  the  example  of 
antient  martyrs,  when  he  was  somewhat  interrupted 
in  his  passage  by  one  sir  Joh.  Clotworthy  a  fire- 
brand' Drought  from  Ireland  by  Rob.  earl  of  War- 
wick to  increase  the  combustions  of  this  kingdom, 
(I  mean  the  .same  sir  John  who  was  a  burgess  in 
the  long  parliament  for  Maldon  in  Essex,  and  one 
of  the  eleven  members  of  the  said  pari,  impeached 
by  the  aimy  16  June  1647)  who  finding  that  the 
niockings  and  revilings  of  malicious  people  had  no 

■''  Brief  Relation  of  Ihc  Death  and  Sufferings  oflhuArM. 
of  Canterb.  n.  15.  written  by  Pel.  Hc\liii,  D.D. 

t'  [Though  accufcil  liy  his  enemies  of  being  a  favourer  of 
popery,  yei  it  chiefly  by  his  remonstrance,  and  the  con- 
viction iinprcssed  onChillingworth's  mind  by  his  arguments, 
that  reconciled  that  eminent  divine  to  the  protcstant  faith.] 

'  Brief  Relation,  &c.  p.  84. 





power  to  move  liiin,  or  shai"pen  him  into  any  dis- 
content or  shew  of  passion,  would  needs  put  in,  and 
try  what  he  could  do  with  his  spunge  and  vinegar, 
and  stej)j)ing  to  liini  near  the   block,  asked  him 
(with  such  a  purpose  as  the  scribes  and  pharisees 
used  to  propose  questions  to  our  Lord  and  Saviour 
not  to  learn  by,  but  to  tempt,  him,  or  to  exjjose 
him  to  some  disadvantage  with  the  standers  by) 
what  was  the  conifbrtablest  saying  which  a  dying 
man  could  have  in  his  mouth .''  To  which  he  meekly 
made  this  answer,  Cupio  dissolvi  4"  esse  cum  Christo. 
Being  asked  again  what  was  the  fittest  speech  a  man 
could  use,  to  express  his  confidence  ana  assurance  ? 
He  answered  with  tlie  same  spirit  of  meekness,  that 
sucJi  assurance  was  to  bejbund  within,  and  that  no 
•words  toere  able  to  express  it  rightly.    Which  when 
it  would  not  satisfy  the  troublesome  and  imper- 
tinent man  (who  aimed  at  something  else  than  such 
satisfaction,)  unless  he  gave  some  word,  or  place 
of  scripture,  whereupon  such  assurances  be  truly 
founded ;  he  used  some  words  to  this  effect,  that  it 
was  the  Word  of  God  concerning  Christ,  and  his 
dying  for  us.     And  so  without  expecting  any  fur- 
ther questions  (for  he  perceived  by  the  manner  of 
sir  John's  proceedings,  that  there  would  be  no  end 
of  his  interruptions,  if  he  hearkned  any  longer  to 
him)  he  turned  towards  the  executioner,  the  gentler 
and  discreeter  man  of  the  two,  and  gave  him  money, 
saying  without  the  least  distemper,  or  change  of 
countenance,  '  Here,  honest  friend,  God  forgive  thee 
and  I  do,  and  do  thy  office  ujwn  me  with  mercy.'' 
And  having  given  a   sign  when   the  blow  shoidd 
come,  he  kneeled  down  and  prayed.     Afterwards 
laying  his  head  upon  the  block,  and  praying  silently 
to  himself,  he  said  aloud,  Lord  receive  my  Soul ! 
which  was  the  signal  given  to  the  executioner,  who 
very  dexterously  did  his  office,  and  took  it  off  at  a 
blow,  his  soul  ascending  on  the  wings  of  angels  into 
Abraham's  bosom,  and  leaving  his  body  on  the  scaf- 
fold to  the  care  of  men.     Afterwards  it  was  accom- 
panied to  the  earth  with  gi-eat  multitudes  of  people, 
whom  love  or  curiosity,  or  remorse  of  conscience 
had  drawn  together,  purposely  to  perform  that  of- 
fice, and  was  decently  interred  in  the  chancel  of  the 
church  of  Allhallowes  Barkin,  (a  church  of  his  ov,i\ 
patronage  and  jurisdiction)  according  to  the  rites 
and  ceremonies  of  the  church  of  England ;  which 
church  he  before  had  consecrated.     Wherein  con- 
tinuing entire  tiU  July  1663,    it  was  removed  to 
Oxon,  and  on  the  24  day  of  the  same  month  it  was 
deposited  with  ceremonies  in  a  little  vault  built  with 
bnck  neai'  to  the  high  aJtar  of  S.  John's  college 
chappel.^     Thus  died  and  was  buried,  this  most 

*  [Froma  MS.  in  Anthony  aWood's  hand-writing  in  the 
Ashmole  Museum.  D.  xix.  104.  fol.  l6. 

'  Jan.  10,  lG44,  Will.  Laud  archb.  of  Canterbury  was  be- 
headed, and  his  body  afterwards  being  layed  in  a  leaden  coffin 
was  buried  at  Alhallows  Barking,  by  the  Tower  of  London. 

'  After  the  rcstauration  of  K.Charles  2,  the  pra?sident  and 
fellows  of  S.  John's  coll.  Oxon.  consullijig  to  have  his  body 

rev.  and  renowned  arch-prelate,  when  he  had  livetl 
71  years,  13  weeks  and  4  days ;  if  at  least  he  niay 
be  properly  said  to  die,  the  great  example  of  whose 
virtue  shall  continue  always,  not  only  m  the  minds 
of  men,  but  in  the  annals  of  succeeding  ages,  with 
renown  and  fame.  Thus  died  and  was  buried  the 
king's  and  church's  martyr,  a  man  of  such  inte- 
grity, learning,  devotion  and  courage,  as  had  he 
lived  in  the  primitive  times,  would  have  given  him 
another  name :  whom  tlio'  the  cheated  multitude 
were  taught  to  misconceive  (for  those  honoured  him 
most  who  best  knew  him)  yet  impartial  posterity  will 
know  how  to  value  him,  when  tney  hear  the  rebels 
sentenced  him  on  the  same  day  they  voted  down 
the  hturgy  of  the  chiu-ch  of  England.' 

"  JOHN  WHITE,  commonly  called  Centwn/ 
"  White,  second  son  of  Hen.  White  of  Heylan  in 
"  Pembrokeshire  esq;  was  lx)rn'  there  29  of  June 
"  1590 ;  whence,  after  he  had  been  instructed  in 
"  the  faculty  of  grammar,  was  with  his  elder  bro- 
"  ther  Griffith  White  sent  to  Jesus  coll.  about  the 
"  beginning  of  Mich,  term  1607 ;  but  before  he 
"  had  contmued  there  four  years,  he  was  translated 
"  to  the  Middle  Temple,  studied  the  common  law, 
"  became  barrester,  a  counsellor  of  some  note,  sum 
"  mer  reader  17  Car.  I.  and  at  length  one  of  the 
"  masters  of  the  bench,  of  the  society  of  the  said 
"  Temple.  While  he  was  a  counsellor,  he  was  by 
"  the  puritanical  party  made  one  of  the  feoffees  for 
"  the  buying  in  of  impropriations,  to  be  bestowed 
"  on  those  of  the  Godly  Party,  but  for  this,  having 
"  an  information  put  in  against  him,  and  others 
"  employed  in  that  work,  in  the  Exchequer  Cham- 
removed  to  the  coll.  because  he  had  bin  soe  great  a  bene- 
factor, resolved  on  the  business,  after  the  sepulture  there  of 
archb.  Juxon,  and  that  with  convenience  and  privacy.  The 
day  then,  or  rather  night,  being  appointed  wherein  he  should 
come  to  Oxon.  most  of  the  fellows,  about  l6  or  20  in  num- 
ber, went  to  meet  him  towards  Wheatley,  and  after  they 
had  met  him  about  7  of  the  clock,  on  Friday  July  24,  l663, 
they  came  into  Oxon.  at  10  at  night,  with  the  said  number 
before  him,  and  his  corps  laying  in  a  hors  litter  on  4  wheels, 
drawn  by  4  horses  following,  and  a  coach  after  that. 

'  In  the  same  manner  they  went  up  to  St.  Maries  church, 
then  up  Cat's  street,  then  to  the  back  dore  of  St.  John's 
Grove,  where,  taking  his  coffin  out,  conveyed  [it]  to  the 
chappell ;  when  Mr.  Gisbey,  fellow  of  that  house  and  vice- 
president,  had  spoke  a  speech,  they  laid  him,  inclosed  in  a 
wooden  coffin,  in  a  little  vault  at  the  upper  end  of  the  chan- 
cell,  between  the  founder's  and  archbishop  Juxon's.  The 
next  day  following,  they  hung  up  7  streamers.'] 

'  [Mar. 3,  1626,  Geo.  dux  IJuck.  aderatCantabrigiae  ;  Gul. 
ep'us  Bath  et  Wells  tunc  incorporatur  apud  nos.  Reg.  Acad. 

An  anonymous  Treatise  of  the  Visibility  nf  the  Church, 
&c.  said  amongst  bishop  Racket's  books  to  be  wrote  by  bp. 
Laud.     Baker. 

There  are  various  engraved  portraits  of  Laud,  but  it  will 
be  sufficient  to  notice,  in  this  place, 

1.  By  Hollar,  4lo.  l6"40. 

2.  By  Lfiggan,  half-slieet. 

3.  By  Marshall,  l641,  with  verses  beginning 

'  Lend  me  but  one  poore  teare,  when  thou  dos't  see 
This  wretched  pourtraict  of  just  miserie.' 

4.  By  Picart  in  Lodge's  Illustrious  Heads.} 





"  bor,  were  pruvented  in  their  designs,  and  censured 
"  in  the  SUir-Chaniber.  WIieri'ujxHi  While  being 
"  enraged  against  the  hisliops  and  orthodox  cleigv, 
"  because  Dr.  Laud  and  others  of  liis  party  had 
"  hindred  tliat  project,  he  studied  all  the  ways 
"  imaginable  to  be  revenged.  At  length  he  being 
"  elected  a  burgess  for  Southwark  to  serve  in  the 
"  long  parliament,  an.  1640,  he  made  it  his  business 
"  to  rad  against  the  bishops  and  tlie  canons,  and 
"  when  he  was  elected  one  of  the  eonnnittee  for  re- 
"  ligion  (of  which  he  was  mostly  chairman)  no  man 
"  was  more  violent  against  the  orthtxJox  clergy  than 
"  he,  no  man  more  ready  to  license  Ixxiks  against 
"  them  than  he,  and  as  ready  as  any  (except  Prynne) 
"  to  be  a  witness  against  Laud  at  his  trya],  he  being 
"  tlien  one  of  the  liouse  of  commons  ap|X)inted  to 
"  sit  among  the  assembly  of  divines.  Those  of 
"  his  ])arty  do  highly  extoll  him,  among  whom  was 
"  one  Pet.  Smith  bach,  of  div.  who  stiles '  him  a  re- 
"  ligious  gentleman  and  a  worthy  patriot.  Another* 
"  tells  us  that  he  was  a  puritan  from  his  youth  to 
"  his  death,  an  honest,  learned  and  faithful  servant 
"  to  the  publick,  &c.  and  his  epitaph,  a  useful  mem- 
"  ber  of  the  house  of  commons,  &c.  But  those  of 
"  the  loyal'  party  say,  that  tho'  he  had  two  wives, 
"  yet  he  frequented  those  of  his  neighbours  in  the 
"  White  Fryers,  making  his  then  wife  jealous  of 
"  him.  Another''  of  the  same  party  tells  us, 
FTn  "  ^^^^  ^^^  ^^  ^^^^  most  malicious,  bold,  obscene 
"  speaker  of  any  of  the  chairmen,  which  is  reason 
"  sufficient  to  couple  him  with  Hen.  Marten,  &c. 
"  and  that  he  and  the  said  Marten  were  gi-eat  haters 
"  of  the  spiritual  court.  As  for  those  things  which 
"  he  hath  published,  they  arc  these, 

"  Several  Speeches,  as  (1)  Speech  in  Pari,  con- 
"  cerning  the  Tryal  of  the  12  Bisliop.i,  17  Jan. 
"  1641.  Printed  in  one  sheet  in  qu.  (2)  Sp.  made 
"  in  the  Commons  House  of  Purl,  concerning  Epis- 
"  copanj.  Lond.  1641.  in  two  sheets  in  qu.  This, 
"  as  others  to  the  same  effect,  were  against  epis- 
"  copacy. 

"  The  first  Century  of  scandalous  malignant 
*'  Prie.its,  made  and  (ulruittcd  into  Benefices  by  the 
"  Prelates,  &c.  Lond.  1643.  qu.  [Bodl.  C.  8.  25. 
"  Line]  Of  which  l)ook  and  its  author,  I  find* 
"  these  matters  spoken, — '  that  the  pamphlet  was 
"  '  so  scandalous,  that  its  author  was  asliamed  to 
"■  '  pursue  his  thoughts  of  any  other.  It  was  the 
^  *  lx)ast  of  Mr.  White  (as  I  have  been  told  by 
"  '  one)  that  he,  and  his,  had  ejected  eight  thousand 
"  '  churchmen  in  four  or  five  years.  And  if  one 
"  '  hundred  of  eight  thousand  had  been  as  really 
"  '  scandalous   as    that    matchless  pasquiller   was 

'  In  his  Fast.  Serm.  lefore  the  H.  of  Commons,  SQ  May 
l644,  p.  32.  in  marg. 

'  Bulst.  Wiiiilock  ill  his  Memorials  of  English  Affairs,  in 
Jan.  1644. 

^  The  author  o(  Perseculio  undecima,  printed  lC48.  p.  87. 

■•   Merc.  Aul.  Jan.  31.  an.  l644.  p.  1362. 

'  In  the  New  Discoverer  by  Way  <f  Answer  to  Mr.  Box- 
ttr;  written  by  Tho.  Pierce,  chap.  6.  sect.  8. 

Vol.  III. 

'  pleased  to  make  them,  it  had  not  been  «o 
'  strange  a  thing,  as  that  one  of  twelve  sliouid 
'  he  a  devil,  one  hundred  in  eight  score  liundred 
'  is  exceedingly  less  tlian  one  in  twelve,'  Sic. 
His  majesty  Iwing  at  Oxon  wiien  this  l)cK)k  was 
published  and  shew'd  to  him,  would  not  give"  his 
consent  that  such  a  book  shoultl  be  written  of  the 
vicious  lives  of  some  parliament  ministers,  when 
such  a  thing  was  i)resented  to  him.  Whereby 
you  see  that  vast  difference  l)etwixt  the  spirit  of 
majesty  and  the  imjxrtent  spleen  of  this  our  au- 
'  thor.  Further  also,  those  tliat  knew  Mr.  White 
'  well  have  said,  that  his  own  brethren  did  per- 
'  suade  him  from  putting  out  a  second  century,  for 
fear  it  should  prove  scandalous,  and  bring  an  im- 

■  putation  on  the  whole  body  of  the  clergy,  whe- 
'  ther  orthodox,  presbyterian  or  independant.    Mr. 

■  White  hath  also  written, 

"  The  Looking-Glass — This  pamphlet,  which  I 

■  have  not  yet  seen,  was  made  puolic  either  in  1643 

■  or  44.     Wherein,  as  one'  saith,  the  author  tells 

■  us  that  all  malignant  cavaliers  and  luke-warni 

•  protestants,  who  assist  the  king  in  this  war,  are 

■  guilty  of  that  fearful  sin  against  the  Holy  Ghost. 

■  The  same  author  tells  us  that  Mr.  White  did 

■  openly  say  in  a  committee,  tliat  he  hoped  to  live 

■  to  see  ne\»r  a  bishop  nor  cathedral  priest  in  Eng- 

■  land.     What  other  matters  he  hath  written  or 

•  published,  I  know  not,  nor  any  thing  else  of  him, 

•  only   that  after  much  strugling  he  had  endea- 

•  voured  to  bring  all  things  into  confusion,  he  very 

■  unwillingly  submitted  to  the  stroke  of  death,  on 

■  the  29  of  January  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and 

■  four,  and  was  buried  in  the  church  belonging  to 
'  the  Temples,  at  the  high  altar  on  the  Middle 
'  Temple  side,  close  to  the  end  where  the  altar 
'  stooo.  At  which  time  he  was  accompanied  to 
'  his  grave  by  most  of  the  parliament  men,  and 

soon  after  had  a  marble  stone  put  over  his  body, 

on  which  I  find  these  two  verses, 

"  Here  lyeth  a  John,  a  burning  shining  light, 

"  His  name,  hfe,  actions  were  all  White. 

"  When  he  lay  ujwn  his  death-bed,  he  raved,  as 

'tis*  said,  criecl  out  and  condemned  himself  at  his 

dying  hour  for  his   undoing  so  many  guiltless 

ministers,  their  wives  and  children,  and  at  length 

died  distractetl,  and  very  much  disconnx>s'd  tor 

what  he  had  done." 

RICHARD  RAKER  son  of  Joh.  Rak.  of  Lond. 
gent,  (by  Kath.  his  wife  daug.  of  Reynold  Scot  of 
Scots-hall  in  Kent  Kt.)  a  younger  son  of  sir  Joh. 
Baker  of  Sissingherst  in  Kent  Kt."  chancellor  of 

^  Tho.  Fuller  in  his  €h.  History,  book  II.  cent.  17-  sect. 

7  Merc.  Aul.  ut  sup.  Jan.  31.  an.  l644. 

"  Persec.  Und.  ul  sup.  p.  18.  26. 

9  [In  Cant,  cathedral. — Here  lyeth  the  Lady  Thornehurst 
who  was  some  time  wile  of  sir  Richard  Baker  of  Sebin«hcrst 
in  the  county  of  Kent,  and  had  issue  by  the  said  sir  Richa;(l 





the  Exchequer  aiul  of  the  council  to  K.  Hen.  8. 
was  born  in  Kent,  particularly,  (as  I  have  been  in- 
tbnned  by  his'  daughter)  at  Sissingherst  before- 
mentionetl,  entred  a  connnoner  of  Hart-hall  in  1584, 
and  was  matriculated,  in  Mich,  term  that  year,  as  a 
[72]  Kentish  man  born,  and  the  son  of  a  gent,  being 
then  in  the  16th  year  of  his  age :  at  which  time 
several  of  the  family  of  the  Scots  before-mentioned 
studietl  in  the  .said  hall.  After  he  had  spent  about 
three  years  in  logic  and  philasophy  in  that  house, 
then  flourishing  with  men  of  note  in  several  facul- 
ties, he  went  to  one  of  the  inns  of  court,  afterwards 
beyond  the  seas,  and  nothing  was  omitted  by  his 
parents  to  make  him  an  accomplish^  person.  In 
1594,  after  the  celebration  of  a  most  solemn  Act,  he 
was,  with  other  persons  of  quality,  actually  created 
master  of  arts,  and  in  160(5,  May  17,  he  received 
the  honour  of  knighthood  from  K.  Jam.  I.  at  Theo- 
balds ;  at  which  tune  this  our  author  (who  lived  at 
Highgate  near  London)  was  esteem''d  a  most  com- 
pleat  and  learned  person ;  the  benefit  of  which  he 
reaped  in  his  old  age,  when  liis  considerable  estate, 
was,  thro''  suretiship,  very  much  impaired.  In  1620 
he  was  high  sheriff  of  Oxfordshire,  being  then  lord 
of  Middle  Aston,  and  of  other  lands  therein,  and,  if 
I  mistake  not,  a  justice  of  the  jieace.  He  was  a 
person  tall  and  cornel)',  of  a  good  disposition  and 
admirable  discourse,  religious,  and  well  read  in  va^ 
rious  faculties,  esjjecially  m  div.  and  hist,  as  it  may 
appear  by  these  books  following,  which  he  mostly 
composed  when  he  was  forced  to  fly  for  shelter  to 
his  studies  and  devotions. 

Cafo  vuriegaUis ;  or,  Cato's  moral  Distichs  va- 
ried. Lond.  1636.     'Tis  a  poem. 

Meditatiotis  aiul  Disquimtions  on  tlte  Lord's 
Prayer.  Lond.  1637.  qu.  [third  edition,  Lond. 
1638.  Bodl.  B.  17.  2.  Line]  there  again  1640  fourth 
edit.  qu.  A  copy  of  this  Ixwk  in  MS.  being  sent 
to  his  quondam  chamber-fellow^  sir  Hen.  Wotton' 
before  it  went  to  the  press,  he  returned  this  tes- 
timony of  it ;  'I  much  admire  the  very  character  of 
your  stile,  which  seemeth  unto  me  to  have  not  a 
little  of  the  African  idea  of  S.  Austin's  age,  full  of 
sweet  raptures,  and  of  researching  conceits ;  nothing 
borrowed,  nothing  vulgar,  and  yet  all  flowing  from 
you  (I  know  not  how)  with  a  certain  equal  fa^- 

Med.  and  Disg.  on  tlte  three  last  Psalms  of  David. 
Lond.  1639. 

two  daugViters,  the  Kidy  Grisocone  Lenard,  and  the  lady 
Cicely  Blunt.  She  departed  this  present  world  in  the  year  of 
our  Lord  God  16O9.  She  then  being  of  the  age  of  LX  years. 

'  The  wife  of Bury  a  seedsman,  living  at  the  Frying- 
pan  in  Newgate- Market  in  Lond. 

*  [Some  time  compiipil  at  Oxford.  Baker.] 
^  [Henricus  Woiion  A.  M.  coll.  Mcrton,  Oxon.  rector  de 
Parendon  in  Essexia,  iiistallattis  in  canonicatu  Windsor  28 
Maii,  1C69;  quern  resignavit  1  Mail  1671,  et  successit  ei 
Dr.  Hascard.  Frith,  Calal.  Kknnet.  This  note,  as  is 
often  the  case  with  Kennet's,  has  nothing  to  do  with  the 
Wotton  mentioned  in  the  text.] 

Med.  and  Disq.  on  the  50  Psal.  Lond.  1639. 

Aled.  and  Disq.  on  the  seven  penitent.  Psalms. 
Lond.  1639.  <iu.  [In  Magdalen  college  library.] 

Med.  and  Disq.  on  tht:  Jirst  Psal.  Lond.  1640. 

Med.  and  Disq.  on  the  serpen  consolatory  Psalms 
of  David,  namely  the  23.  27.  30.  34.  84.  103.  and 
116.  Lond.  1640.  qu. 

Med.  and  Prayers  upon  tlie  seven  Days  of  the 
Week.  I.,ond.  1640.  in  16°.  which  is  the  same,  I 
suppose,  with  his  Motives  of  Prayer  on  the  seven 
Days  of  the  Week. 

Apology  for  Laymens  writing  in  Divinity.  Lond. 
1641.  in  tw. 

Short  Meditation  on  ilw  FaU  of  Lucifer — printed 
with  the  Apology. 

A  Soliloquy  oftfie  Soul,  or,  a  Pillar  of  Thoughts, 
&c.  Lond.  1641.  in  tw. 

Chro^iitde  of  the  Kings  of  England  Jrom  the 
Time  of  the  Roman  Governinc7tt,  unto  the  Death  of 
K.  Jam.  &c.  Lond.  1641.  &c.  fol.  Which  chro- 
nicle, as  the  aiitlior  saith,  was  collected  with  so 
great  care  and  diligence,  that  if  all  other  of  our 
chronicles  were  lost,  this  only  would  be  sufficient  to 
inform  posterity  of  all  pa.ssages  memorable  or  wor- 
thy to  be  known,  &c.  However  the  rcatlcr  must 
know,  that  it  being  reduced  to  method,  and  not  ac- 
corcUng  to  time,  purposely  to  j)  gentlemen  and 
novices,  many  chief  things  to  be  observtxl  therein, 
as  name,  time,  &c.  are  egregiously  false,  and  con- 
sequently breed  a  great  deal  of  confusion  in  the 
peruser,  especially  if  he  be  curious  or  critical.  There 
was  another  edition  of  it  that  came  out  in  1653  and 
58,  in  which  last  was  added  The  History  of  the 
Reign  of  K.  Ch.  I.  xeith  a  Continuation  Jrom  his 
Death  to  1658.  Lond.  1660.  fol.  made  by  Edw. 
Philips,  sometimes  a  student  of  Magd.  hall.  Af- 
terwards in  1671,  if  I  mistake  not,*  came  out  an- 
other edit,  in  which  was  contained  an  edition  of 
Tlie first  thirteen  Years  qf'K.  Ch.  II.  that  is,  from 
the  death  of  K.  Ch.  I.  to  the  coronation  of  K. 
Ch.  II.  as  also  the  Occurrences  of  his  Restoration 
hy  George  late  Duke  of  Albemarle,  extracted  Jrom 
his  Excellency''s  Papers,  &c.  which,  as  I  have  been 
informed,  were  for  the  most  part  done  by  sir  Tho. 
Clarges,  (whose  sister  the  said  duke  had  married)  [73] 
and  put  into  the  hands  of  the  said  Philips,  but 
therein  Mr.  Philips  attributing  more  to  the  duke's 
glory   than  was   true,  he  got  the  ill  will  of  him. 

t  [First  edition  l641. 

Second  l6o3. 

Third  l6f)0. 

Fourth  16C5. 

Fifth  1 6/0. 

Sixth  1674. 

Seventh  1 679. 

Eighth  1 684. 

Ninth  1696. 
It  was  again  printed  in   1730  and  1733  ;  the  last,  which 
is  the   best  edition,  continued  to  the  end  of  the  reign  of 
George  1.] 




Therein  are  also  added  to  the  reitjn  of  K.  Jam.  I. 
and  K.  C'h.  I.  the  names  of  the  nohlemen  that  they 
created,  and  other  matters.  Hut  so  it  was,  that  the 
author  Haker,  and  liis  continuator  Philijis  having 
committed  very  many  errors,  Thom.  Blount  of  the 
Inner  Temple  esq;  published  An'wiadver.iicms  on 
that  edit.  o/'1671,  and  were  printed  in  oct.  at  Oxon. 
1672.  Which  lKK)k  containing  only  a  specimen  of 
the  errors,  it  may  easily  be  discerned  what  the  whole 
Chronicle  C(mtanieth.  But  notwithstanding  these 
Animadvcrmon.s  the  Chronicle,  when  afterwards  it 
was  several  times  reprintetl,  had  none  of  the  said 
errors  therein  corrected,  but  came  out  full  of  faidts 
as  before,  and  was  greedily  bought  up  by  illiterate 
and  inconsiderable  persons.  By  the  way  it  must 
be  known,  that  the  said  Tho.  Blount  son  of  Myles 
Blount  of  Orleton  in  Herefordshire,  the  fifth  son  of 
Rog.  Blount  of  Monkland  in  the  same  county,  was 
bom  at  Bordesley  in  Worcestershire,  being  of  a 
younger  house  ot  an  antient^  and  noble  family  of 
his  name,  but  never  advantaged  in  learning  by  the 
help  of  an  university,  only  his  own  geny  and  indus- 
try, together  Avith  the  helps  of  his  scholastical  ac- 
quaintance during  his  continuance  in  the  Temple, 
before  and  after  he  was  barrester.  His  writings  are 
many,  and  some  perhaps  not  fit  here  to  be  put 
down  ;  among  which  are  (1)  The  Academy  of  Elo- 
quence, containing  a  compleat  English  Rhetoric. 
Printed  at  Lond.  in  the  tnne  of  the  rebellion  and 
several  times  after.  (2)  Glossographia ;  or,  a  Dic- 
tHonary  interpreting  such  hard  Words,  whether 
Hebr.  Gr.  Lat.  Ital.  ^c.  that  are  now  used  in  our 
refined  Engl.  Tongue,  &c.  Lond.  1656.  oct.  [Bodl. 
8vo.  R.  6.  Art.  BS.]  Published  several  times  after 
with  additions  and  amendments.  (3)  The  Lamps  of' 
the  Law,  and  Lights  of  the  Gospel ;  or,  the  Titles 
of  some  late  spiritual,  polemical,,  and  metaphysical 
next)  Boohi.  Lond.  1658.  in  oct.  Written  in  imi- 
tation of  J.  Birkenhead's  PauVs  Churchyard,  and 
pubUshed  under  the  name  of  '  Grass  and  Hay  Wi- 
thers.' (4)  Boscobel :  or,  the  History  of  his  Ma- 
jesty''s  Escape  after  the  Battel  of  Worcester,  3  Sept. 
1651.  Lond.  1660.  in  oct.  there  again  1680.  in  oct. 
tliird  edit.  Translated  into  French  and  Portuguese ; 
the  last  of  which  was  done  by  Pet.  Gilford  of  White 
Ladies  in  Staffordshire,  a  R.  Catliolic.  (5)  The 
Catliolic  Almanack,  for  1661,  62,  63,"  &,c.  which 
selling  not  .so  well  as  Joh.  Booker's  almanack  did, 
he  therefore  ^vrote  (6)  Booker  rebuked:  or  Ani- 
On  Booker's  fiadversions  on  Booker''s  "  Telescopivm 
Aim.  which  "  Uranicum  or  Ephemeris  1665,  which 

taade.Scc.  "  is  very  erroneous,  &c.  Lond.  1665.  qu. 

first  edit,   a  jj,  ^^^  sheet,"  which  made  much  sport 

''  Sec  more  of  his  family  in  tlie  third  impression  of  Hen. 
Pencham's  Compleat  Gentleman,  &CC.  Lond.  l66l.  p.  230, 
231.  Which  discourse  there  of  Blount's  family  was  drawn 
lip  by  this  Tho.  Blount,  and  put  into  the  hands  of  the  pub- 
lisher of  the  said  third  impression  of  Peacham. 

"  ^That  in  l663  was  call'd  A  new  Almanack  nfltr  the  old 
Fashion.     Watts.] 

among  people,  having  Iiad  the  uKsistancc  therein  of 
Jo.  Sargeant  and  Jo.  Austen.  (7)  A  Laic  IJir- 
tionary,  interpreting  such  difficult  and  oljscure 
Words  and  Terms,  as  are  found''  either  in  our 
common  or  .statute,  ancient  or  mixlern,  Imws,  Lond. 
1671.  fol.  There  again  in  1691,  witii  some  cor- 
rections, and  the  addition  of  alxive  600  words.  (8) 
Animadversions  upon  Sir  Rich.  Baker''s  Chron. 
and  its  Cmitinuation,  he.  Oxon.  1672.  oct.  [Bodl. 
Svo.  S.  61.  Th.]  (9)  A  World  (f  Errnrs  d'lscmer. 
ed  in  The  new  World  of  Words,  &c.  Lond.  1673. 
fol.  [Bodl.  Z.  1.  9.  Jilr.]  Written  against  Edw. 
Philips  hislwxjk  entit.  A  neiv  World  of  Kngl.  Words, 
&c.  (10)  Fragmenta  Antiquitat'ts,  Ant'ient  Te- 
nures of  Land,  andjocuhtr  Custorhs  of  some  Mam- 
nours.  Lond.  1679.*  oct.  [Bodl.  Svo.  L.  14.  Jur.] 
(11)  Boscobel,  &c.  the  second  part.  Lond.  1681. 
oct.  To  which  is  added,  Claustrum  regale  resera- 
tum.  Or  the  King\s  Concealment  at  7  rent  in  So- 
mersetshire, pubhshed  by  Mrs.  Anne  Windham  of 
Trent.  Our  author  Blount  also  wrote  Animadver- 
sions upon  Britannia,  written  by  R.  Blome,  but 
whether  printed  I  cannot  tell ;  and  translated  from 
French  into  English,  The  Art  of  making  Devises. 
Lond.  1646.  and  50.  in  qu.  Written  onginally  by 
Hen.  Estienne  lord  of  Fossez:  To  which  Blount 
added,  A  Catalogue  of  Coronet-Devises,  both  on 
the  King\s  and  Parliaments  S'lde,  in  the  late  Wars. 
At  length  upon  the  breaking  out  of  the  f)opish 
plot,  being  much  affrighted  by  the  violent  current 
of  that  time  (he  himself  lieing  a  zealous  Rom.  Cath.) 
he  contracted  the  palsy,  as  by  his  last  letter  sent  to 
me,  dated  28  Apr.  lB79,  I  was  informed,  ad£ng 
therein,  that  he  had  then  quitted  all  books  except 
those  of  devotion.  On  the  26  of  Dec.  following, 
being  S.  Stephen's  day,  he  died  at  Orleton  in  Here- 
fordshire, (where  he  had  a  fair  and  plentifid  estate) 
in  the  year  of  his  age  61,  and  was  burietl  in  the 
church  there,  and  soon  after  ha<l  a  comely  monu- 
ment put  over  his  grave  by  Anne  his  relict,  daugh. 
of  Edm.  Church  of  Maldon  in  Essex,  esq.  He  then 
left  behind  him  an  imperfect  Chronicle  of  England^ 
which  he  and  J.  B.  (that's  all  I  know  of  him,  for 
Mr.  Bloimt  would  never  tell  me  his  name)  had  for 
several  years  been  compiling,  but  what  became  of 
it  afterwards,  I  cannot  tell.  As  for  our  author  sir 
Rich.  Baker,  he  hath  written  besides  what  I  have 
already  mention'd, 

Theatriim  rediv'ivum  :  or,  the  Theatre  vindicat- 
ed, in  An.swer  to  Mr.  Prynn''s  Histrio-Mastix,  &c. 
Lond.  1662.  (x;tavo. 

Tlieatrum  triumphans :  or,  a  Discourse  of  Plays. 
Lond.  1670.  oct.  [Bodl.  Svo.  L.  13.  Jtir.]  He 
also  translated   from   Ital.  into   Engl.    Discourses 

'  [In  l685  oct.  at  London,  caine  out  Let  Termes  de  la 
Ley,  by  T.  B.  of  the  Inner  Templa,  whom  1  lake  to  be 

Blount.      LOVEDAT.I 

"  [Printed,  wiih  alterations,  large  additions,  .ind  two  in- 
dexes by  Josiah  Becltwith,  F.  A.  S.  York  1784,  8»o.  and 
astjin  Lond.  18 IS.] 

L  2 






upon  Corn.  Tacitus.  Lond.  1642.  fol.  They  are 
in  number  53,  and  were  written  by  marquess  Vir- 
gilio  Malve/zi ;  and  from  French  into  English, 
Letters  of  Mon.skiir  BaLmc,  in  4  Parti.  Lond. 
1638.  iK-t.  and  54,  8tc.  with  additions,  in  qu.  He 
also  wrote  his  own  life,  which  he  left  in  MS.  behind 
him,  burnt  or  made  waste  paper  by  one  Smith  of 
Patcr-noster-row,  who  married  one  of  his  daughters. 
At  length  after  he  had  undergone  many  cares  and 
troubles  in  this  world,  departed  this  mortal  life  in 
the  prison  calfd  the  Fleet  in  Lond.  on  the  18  day 
i***?-  of  Febr.  in  sixteen  himdred  forty  and  four,  .and 
was,  the  day  following,  buried  about  the  middle  of 
the  south  isle  joyning  to  S.  Bridget's,  commonly 
called  S.  Bride's,  church  near  Fleet-street  in  Lon- 
don. Bv  his  wife  Margaret,  dau.  of  sir  Geor. 
Manwarmg  of  Ightfield  in  Shropshire,  kt.  (for 
whose  family  this  our  author  wa-s  engaged  for  the 
payment  of  debts)  he  had  issue  Thomas,  Arthur, 
Cecilia,  Anne,  Margaret,  &c.  But  whereas  he  saith 
in  his  ^Chrotticle,  that  K.  Hen.  I.  had  by  his  con- 
cubine Anne  Corbet  a  natural  daughter  married  to 
Fitzherbert  his  lord  chamberlain,  from  whom,  as 
he  adds,  is  his  family  lineally  descended  through 
females,  viz.  thro'  Cummin,  Chenduit,  Brimpton, 
Stokes,  Foxcote  and  Dyneley,  is  a  great  mistake; 
for  all,  or  most  chronicles,  nay  the  pedigree  it  self 
of  Corbet  which  I  have  several  times  seen,  say  that 
the  concubine  (named  in  the  said  pedigree  Sybill) 
and  not  the  daughter,  was  married  to  the  said  Fitz- 
herbert whom  some  call  Henry  the  son  of  Herbert.' 

WILLIAM  STRODE  the  only  son  of  Philip 
Strode  sometimes  living  near  Plimpton,  and  he  a 
younger  son  of  sir  Rich.  Strode  of  Newneham  or 
Newinham  in  Devonshire,  was  born  in  that  county, 
elected  student  of  Ch.  Ch.  from  the  coll.  school  at 
Westm.  about  the  latter  end  of  1617,  and  in  that 
of  his  age  16  or  thereabouts,  took  the  degree  in 
arts,  holy  orders,  and  became  a  most  florid  preacher 
in  the  university.  In  1629  he  was  chosen  the  pul)- 
lic  orator  of  the  university,  being  then  one  of  the 
proctors  of  it,  and  two  years  after  was  admitted  to 
the  reading  of  the  sentences.  In  1638,  Jul.  1,  he 
was  installed  canon  of  Ch.  Ch.  and  in  the  same 
month  proceeded  doct.  of  div.  before  which  time  K. 
Ch.  I.  had  settled  a  canonry  of  the  said  church  upon 
him  that  should  be  lawfully  elected  public  orator, 
but  that  pious  act  hath  been  since  annull'd  by  pre- 
tended authoritv,  and  now  such  a  thing  seems  to- 
tally to  be  forgotten  among  us.  As  for  Strode,  he 
was  a  person  of  great  parts,  but  not  equal  to  those 
of  Cartwright,  a  pithy  and  sententious  preacher, 
exquisite  orator  and  an  eminent  jx)et.  He  hath 

Passions  calmed.     Or,  the  Settling  of  the  Jloat- 

ing  Lihind.  Lond.  1655.  qu.  'Tis  a  comedy,  and 
was  [)ubliclv  acted  before  the  king  and  (jueen  in 
Ch.  Ch.  Iiall  29  Aug.  1636. 

Speech  made  to  Qu.  Mary  at  Oxon  at  her  Re- 
turn out  of  Holland.     Oxon.  1643.  qu. 

Various  sermons,  as  (1)  Servi.  concerning  Swear- 
ing; on  Matth.  5.  37.  Oxon.  1644.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to. 
D.  60.  Th.]  (2)  Serm.  concerning  Death  and  the 
lie.mrrection ;  preached  at  S.  Mary's  in  Oxon.  on 
Low  Sunday  28  Apr.  1644;  on  Colas.  3.  ver.  3. 
Oxon.  1644.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  D.  60.  Th.]  (3) 
Serm.  at  a  Visitatioti  held  at  Limi  in  Norfolk,  24 
Jun.  1633;  on  Psul.  76.  11.  Lond.  1660.  qu.  It 
was  preached  at  the  desire  of  Dr.  Rich.  Corbet 
bish.  of  Norwich,  to  whom  our  author,  I  think,  was 
then  chaplain. 

Orations,  Speeches,  Epistles,  Sermons,  &c. 

They  were  left  behind  him  fairly  wTitten  in  several 
volumes  ;  which  coming  into  the  hands  of  Dr.  Rich. 
Gardiner  canon  of  Ch.  Ch.  came  after,  or  before  his 
death,  into  those  of  Rich.  Davies  of  Oxon  book- 
seller. Our  author  Dr.  Strode  yielded  to  the  stroke 
of  death,  to  the  great  reluctancy  of  learned  men,  on 
the  tenth  day  of  March  in  sixteen  hundred  forty 
and  four,  and  was  buried  in  the  divinitv  chappel, 
that  is  the  isle  most  northward  from  the  choir,  oe- 
longing  to  the  cathedral  of  Ch.  Ch.  in  Oxon.  I 
have  seen  several  of  his  poems  that  have  had  musi- 
cal compositions  of  two  and  three  parts  set  to  be 
sung,  by  the  incomparable  Mr.  Hen.  Lawes ;  as 
also  certain  anthems,  particularly  one  to  be  sung  on 
Good  Friday,  which  had  a  composition  also  set 
thereunto  by  Rich.  Gibbs  organist  of  Ch.  Ch.  in 
Norwich.  I  shall  make  mention  of  another  Will. 
Strode  elsewhere. 

[In  one  of  Dr.  RawUnson's  MSS.  in  the  Bodleian^ 
I  find  these  |X)ems  ascribed  to  Strode. 

1.  The  Devmi.ihire  Travailer. 

2.  Melancholy  opposed.^ 

3.  For  Prideux  yongue  Daughter. 

4.  Epadem  Epitaphium :  and  the  following 

5.  Thanks/or  a  Wellcome. 

For  your  gixid  lookes,  and  for  your  clarett, 
For  often  bidding — '  doe  not  spare  it' — 
For  healthful  mirth,  and  lustie  storie 
(Such  as  made  old  Cato  nierie) — 
These  are  your  thanks — that  you  may  haue 
In  bloud  the  clarett  that  you  gaue ; 
And  in  your  service  shall  be  spent 
The  spirits  which  your  sack  hath  lent. 

The  next  piece  is  retrieved  from  Lawes's  Ayresfir 
three  Voices,  p.  19.  where  another  may  be  found. 

To  a  Lady  putting  off"  Tier  Veil. 
Keep  on  your  veile  and  hide  your  eye. 
For  with  beholding  you  I  dye ; 

'  In  his  discourse  of  the  natural  issue  of  K.  Hen.  I. 

'   [There  is  a  small  head  of  Ualier,  in  one  of  the  compart- 
menta  of  the  engraved  title-page  to   his  Chronicle;  but  I     Specimens    of  Early    Enalish    Poetry,    where   another  of 
should  judge  it  of  very  doubtful  authority.]  Slrode's  pieces  is  given  collated  with  Sancroft's  MS.] 

«  [MS.  Rawl.  Poet.  142.] 

3  [Printed  in  Wit  Restored,    ISino.    1658,   and  in  Ellis'i 






Your  f'atall  hcauty,  Gorgon  like, 
Dead  witli  astonishment  will  strike ; 
Your  piercing  eyes,  if  them  I  see, 
Are  worse  tlien  basilisks  to  mc. 

Hide  from  my  sight  those  hils  of  snow, 
Their  melting  vally  do  not  sliow ; 
Those  azure  paths  lead  to  despair, 
O  vex  me  not ;  forbear,  forbear  ! 
For  while  I  thus  in  tonnents  dwell 
The  sight  of  heav'n  is  worse  then  hell. 

Your  dainty  voice  and  warbling  breath 
Sounds  like  a  sentence  past  for  death ; 
Yom-  dangling  tresses  are  become 
liike  instruments  of  finall  doome : 
O  !  if  an  angel  torture  -st). 
When  life  is  done,  where  shall  I  go .''] 

WILLIAM  BURTON  the  eldest  son  of  Ralph 
Burton  esq;  was  born''  in  Leicestershire,  at  Lynd- 
ley,  I  suppose,  near  to  Bosworth  in  that  county, 
24  Aug.  1575,  educated  in  the  grammar  school  at 
Sutton-colfield  in  Warwickshire,  became  either  a 
commoner  or  gent.  com.  of  Brasen  coll.  in  Mich, 
term,  an.  1591,  where  by  the  l)enefit  of  a  careful 
tutor,  he  became  ttilerably  well  read  in  logic  and 
philosophy.  On  the  20  of  May  1593  he  was  ad- 
mitted mto  the  society  of  the  Inner  Temple,  and  in 
the  month  of  June  in  the  year  following,  he,  as  a 
member  of  Brasen-nose  coll.  was  admitted  bach,  of 
arts.  Afterwards  setling  in  the  Temple,  without 
compleating  that  degree  by  determination,  was  made 
a  barrester  :  but  his  natural  geny  leading  him  to  the 
studies  of  heraldry,  genealogies,  and  antiquities,  he 
became  excellent  in  those  obscure  and  Intncate  mat- 
ters, and,  ltK)k  upon  him  as  a  gentleman,  was  ac- 
counted by  all  that  knew  him  to  be  the  best  of  his 
time  for  those  studies,  ^as  it  may  appear  by  a  book 
that  he  published,  entit. 

The  Description  of  Leicestershire,  &c.  Lond. 
1622.'  fol.  [Bcxll.  M.  1.  17.  Art.  and  with  MS. 
notes  by  R-  Gascoyne,  Bixll.  Gough,  Leicester- 
shire 1.]  Soon  after  the  author  did  very  much  en- 
large, and  enricli,  it  with  Roman,  Saxon,  and  other 
antiquities,  as  by  his  letter"  dated  9  June  1627, 
written  to  sir  Rob.  Cotton  that  singular  lover  of  ve- 
nerable antiquity,  it  appears.  'Tis  now,  as  I  have 
l)een  informed,  in  the  hands  of  Walt.  Chetwind  of 
Ingestrey  near  to  Stafford  es(j;  who  intends  to  pub- 
lish it.  I  have  seen'  a  comm(m-place  book  of  Eng- 
lish antiquities  made  by  our  Will.  Burton,  which  is 
a  manuscript  in  folio,  composed  mostly  from  Le- 

*  Ueg.  Mat.  Univ.  Oxon.  P.  pag.  321. 

*  [Reprinted  at  Lynn,  in  folio,  1777-  Aiigtnenled,  im- 
proved and  continiied  to  tile  present  time  by  Joiin  Niciiols, 
esq.  F.  S.  A.  in  four  lara:e  folio  volumes  (bound  in  eight) 
Lond.  1795 — i815  :  a  work  of  the  highest  value  and  im- 
[Mirtance,  and  one  which  may  be  considered  as  a  model  for 
all  future  county  histories.] 

*  In  bib.  Cotton  sub  cffig.  Julii,  C.  3. 

'  In  bib.  Had.  Sheldon  de  Beoly  arm.  nunc  in  Heleria  Fe- 
cialium,  Loiidini. 

land's  several  voltimes  ol"  his  Illnerary,  being  the 
first  of  that  nature  that  I  have  vet  si-en ;  but  it 
being  a  copy,  and  not  written  with  his  own  hand, 
but  by  an  illiterate  scrilK>,  are  innumerable  faults 
therein.  This  ingenious  person,  who  is  stilwl  by  a 
learnetl "  author  of  lK)th  Ins  names  the  great  orna- 
ment of  his  country,  diwl  in  his  house  at  Fald  in 
Stafflirdshire  (after  he  had  suffered  much  in  the  war 
time)  on  the  sixth  day  of  Apr.  in  sixteen  hundred 
forty  and  five,  and  wa.s  buried  in  the  parish  church 
belonging  thereimto  called  Ilanbury  church,  leaving 
then  behind  him  several  collections  of  arms  afid  mo- 
numents, of  genealogies  and  other  matters  of  anti- 
quity, wliich  he  had  gatheretl  from  divers  churches 
and  gentlemens  houses,  and  a  son"  named  Ca.ssibi- 
lian  Burton  the  heir  of  his  virtues  as  well  as  of  other 
fortunes,  who  was  Iwrn  on  the  19th  of  Nov.  1C09, 
but  whether  educatetl  in  this  university  I  know  not. 
His  parts  being  different  from  those  of  his  father, 
he  exercised  them  mostly  in  poetry,  and  translated 
Martial  into  English,  but  whether  extant  I  cannot 
tell  you.  In  1658  it  then  remained  in  MS.  which 
made  a  Ixxm  comjMnion'  of  his  com))lain  thus : 

When  will  you  do  yourself  so  great  a  right. 
To  let  your  English  Martial  view  the  light .' 

This  Cass.  Burton  who  had  consumed  the  most, 
or  better  part  of  the  estate  which  his  father  had  left 
him,*  diea  28  Feb.  1681,  having  some  years  before, 
^ven  most  of,  if  not  all,  the  aforesaid  collections  of 
his  father  before-mention''d  to  the  said  W.  Chetwind 
es{j;  to  be  used  by  hun  in  writing  The  Antiquities 
of  Staffordshire. 

[The  following  extract  is  from  a  MS.  volume,  in 
the  possession  of  Samuel  Lysons,  es<|.  keeper  of  the 
records  in  the  Tower  of  London,  entituled  Anii- 
quitates  de  Lindley,  and  composed  by  Burton  him- 
self.' It  clears  up  every  doubt  as  to  the  place  of 
his  birth,  and  adds  one  other  instance  of  Wood's 
fidelity,  and  of  the  credulity  of  those  who  fancied 
they  hatl  detected  him  in  error.* 

Willielmus  Burton  filius  et  haeres  Radulphi  Bur- 
ton de  Lindley,  com.  I>eic.  natus  fuit  apud  Lind- 
ley pra;dict.  24  Aug.  1575,  ann.  17  Eliz.  circa  ho- 
ram   decimam   noctis.     Sponsores  habuit  in  sacro 

*  Will.  Burton  in  his  Commentary  on  Antoninus  his  Itine- 
rsrv,  &c.  Lond.  I&18.   fol.  p.  214. 

•'  [By  Jane,  daughter  of  Humfrey  Adderley  of  Wedding- 
tnn,  Wanvick^h.  whom  he  married  in  l6o7,  she  then  being 
about  18  years  of  age.     See  Hist,  of  Leicestershire,  p.  1 79.1 

'  Sir  Asion  Cockaine  bart.  in  his  Choice  Poems  of  several 
Sorts.  &c.  Lond.  l658,  oct.  lib.  2.  nu.  102. 

«  [See  a  memorandum  of  payments  by  Cass.  Burton,  ia 
1649,  In  Nichols's  Hist,  of  Leicestershire,  iv,  932,  one  item 
of  which  is — '  P.yed  sir  Charles  Egerton  for  a  mare  80  lib. 
— 10  the  man  2s.;'  and  another — '  payed  for  6I  Welshe 
shecpe  17  1.  and  I8d.  to  pocket.'] 



3  [Nichols's  Hist,  of  Leicestershire,  iv.  6.51.] 
*  [Dr.  Rob.  Plot,  in  his  Natural  History  of  Staffordshire, 
p.  27C,  supposes  Burton  to  have  been  a  native  of  Falde  ;  the 
inscription  on  his  jjortrait  by  Delaram  seems  to  have  misled 
Plot,  but  this  refers  only  to  the  place  of  his  property  and  re- 




fontc  Anthonuini  Faunt  dc  Foston,  com.  Leic. 
avuncuhini,  Nk-liolaiini  Purefoy  de  Dravton,  et 
Jcwosain  iixoreni  nu|K.T  Mifhaelis  Piirelby  de  Cal- 
decot,  (iliaiii  et  colia>rctiem  Jotiannis  Hardwike, 
quondam  dominum  manerii  de  I-indley  praxlict. 

Cum<iiie  piieritiaiu  I'lrressiis  esset,  primatiiic  rudi- 
menta  Latinie  linjijua'  in  })atenia  doiiio  sub  aviiii- 
culo  SIR)  Roberto  Burton  utcuntjue  didicisset,  missus 
fuit  an.  loH-l,  an.  (|uotc'unquc  jet.  9,  a  patre  suo 
Nuneatoninn,  in  com.  Warw.  ut  granmiatica;  stii- 
dium  absolverct,  et  principia  dialectica'  atldisceret ; 
deditque  his  Uteris  operam  sub  Williehno  Yates, 
didascoJo  suo,  per  un\nn  annum ;  deinde  sub  Jo- 
hanna Hett,  viro  literatt)  et  integerrimo,  annis 
(quantum  memini)  sex.  Hinc  ablegatus  est  29 
Sept.  1591,  an.  aetat.  16  ad  celel)emmam  acade- 
miam  Oxoniensem,  in  collegiimi  ^Enei  nasi,  sub  ma- 
gistro  Williehno  Singleton,  tunc  sacras  theologia; 
oaccalaureo,  nunc  doctore,  et  ejusdem  collegii  prin- 
dpali;  artibusque  humanioribus  tantisjier  aniniam 
occupavit,  donee  gradiun  artium  baccalaurci  acqui- 
sivit,  quem  22  Junii,  1594',  an.  aet.  18,  adeptus  est. 
Cseterum  cum  hoc  studii  genus  inipar  sibi  in  poste- 
rum  videretur,  turn  ad  assequendum  nomen,  tuiu 
ad  acquirendas  majores  facultates,  anno  superiori, 
nempe  20  Mail,  1593,  admisit  se  in  Templum  inte- 
rius,  hoc  est,  societatem  sive  conventum  jurisperito- 
rum  in  suburbiis  Londinensibus.  Deserto  igitur  stu- 
dio philosophico,  animam  ad  acquirendam  scientiam 
legum  publicarum  solum  adjecit.  Cwterum  has 
artes  non  sic  deseruit,  ut  penitus  ab  eo  possent  exu- 
lari,  sed  horis  succesivis  amplexus  est,  sui  recre- 
andi  gratia;  nam  naturali  quodam  genio  ad  ha.s 
amandas  ducebatur,  pra-cipue  ad  studium  po'esLs,  in 
quo  si  continuo  esset  versatus,  procul-dubio  exi- 
mium  se  prsestitisset ;  nam  in  ipsa  pueritia  an. 
1589  epistolam  heroicam  composuit  (scil.  Philomelw 

Post,  1596,  scripsit  Comosdiam  Jhcetam  de  Amo- 
ribus  Pcrinthi  et  Tyantes. 

Anno  sequenti  transtulit  in  linguam  vernaculam 
Historiam  Ach'dlu  Statii  de  Amoribtis  CUtophcmtis 
et  Lcucippes,  Impressam  Londini,  1597,  per  Tho- 
tnam  Creede.* 

Eodemque  anno  emblcma  finxit  TfiavflftyTToy. 
Ultimo,  1602,  tabulas  chorographicas  edidit  comi- 
tatuum  Leicestrensis  et  Warwicensis,  impressas  An- 
twerpia-.  Multum  etiam  animum  adiecit  studio 
heraldico ;  hoc  est,  in  rimandis  et  cognoscendis  in- 
signibus  gentilitiis  et  genealogiis.  Quam  doctus  in 
hac  scientia  brevi  evasit,  sua  ipsius  scripta  genealo- 
^ca  et  armorum  verum  possunt  dare  testimonium  ; 
ut  etiam  laboris  et  diligentiae,  qui  penna  et  penicillo 
myriades  in  proprium  usum  depmxit. — Delectavit 
cum  valde  lingua  Italica  et  Hispanica,  in  quibus 
discendis  sic  prof ecit,  ut  praeter  cognitionem  ahcujus 

'  [Noi  known  to  Ames  or  Herbert.  The  latter  however 
mentions  it  as  llccnbed,  in  1596,  to  Crcede,  and  entered  in 
the  bucks  of  the  stationers'  company  under  this  title  : — Hiti- 
phon  and  Loutippe,  translated  from  the  Greeke,  hy  fF.  B- 
S««  Typ.  Anliq.  page  1884.] 

authoris  in  utrat|ue  lingua  seri])ti,  jx)sset  etiam  jkt- 
tecte  et  familiariter  in  utnKiue  idiomate  collocjui. 
Arrisit  ei  praesertim  studium  symlM)lorum,  sive  dcgli 
impresse,  quorum  Itahci  soli  inventores  et  perfec- 
tores,  ut  constat  per  varios  authores  hujus  scientiae 
(]uos  in  iisinu  et  tlelec-tationem  ctmgessit ;  niminnn, 
(iirolamo  Ruseelli,  Camillo  C'ainilli,  Paolo  Jovio, 
Ludovico  Dolce,  Julio  Ca»sare  Ca]jpacio,  Gabriele 
Symeone,  Achille  BiKX-hio,  I.uca  Contile,  Sci])ione 
Bargagli,  vEgidium  Sadler,  et  emblematum  scriptores 
fere  omnes.  Et  si  continuo  catarrho  et  distillationi- 
bus  rhcumaticis  de  capite  decidentibus,  quae  eum  in 
praesentem  morbum  adegenint,  non  esset  devexatus, 
nuilta  alia  lectu  tum  scitu  digna  addidisset.  Interim 
tamen  quibus  jx)tuit  viribus  diligenter  .studiis  legum 
incubuit,  in  cjuibus  cognoscendis  maxiinam  temporis 
partem  impertiit ;  et  post  decern  annos  elapsos,  ni- 
mirum,  20  Mail,  1603,  creatus  est,  apud  Templum 
Interius,  appienticius  ad  legem,  sive  juris-consultus, 
vulgariter  an  utter-barrliter,  or  counsellor  at  Imv ; 
sed  dum  ultra  vires  huic  studio  se  applicavit,  inci- 
dit  in  morbum  dictum  Phthisim,  sive  Tabem,  qua 

nunc  laborat  ut  vcretur 

From  several  of  his  Latin  compositions  too  long 
for  insertion,  the  follovfing  fragment  has  been  se- 
lected : 

Quid  iuvat  humanis  tantum  confidere  rebus  ? 
Quid  juvat  incerta  vita  spem  ponere  certam  ? 
Multa  voluptati  qua;  spondet  nulla  resolvit, 
Gaudia  promittens,  solvens  luctusque  dolores. 
Vallis  et  errorum,  sic  fons  et  origo  malorum  est, 
Et  velut  in  medio  florescens  insula  fluctu, 
Cujus  in  instanti  ac  infehx  exitus  est  mors, 
Quae  numquam  vere  nisi  solo  fine  beata  est. 
Cui  fortuna  comes,  mala  sors  quae  semper  in  ipso 
Temporis  articulo  praesto  est  adferre  dolores : 
Quae  bona  |M?rpetuo  est  nuntjuam,  sed  lubrica  currit, 
Et  manet  in  nullo  certa  tenaxque  loco. 
Mole  ruit  gravida  quisquis  subhmia  scandit ; 
Qui  cadit  in  terram  non  habet  unde  cadat : 
In  me  consumpsit  vires  fortuna  nocendo, 
Nil  superest  quo  jam  possit  obesse  magis. 
O  me  felicem  quod  coelo  dante  priusquam 
Naturae  cedam,  cuncta  ha'C  coguoscere  possim. 
Nunc  milii  dulce  mori,  nunc  me  super  athera  ad  alta 
Coela  Deus  capiatque  suo  det  vivere  regno. 

Res,  spes,  et  vita,  valeto ! 

Gulielmus  Burton,  Phthisicus,  1603. 

Nichols  has  given  a  head  of  Burton,  in  his  excel- 
lent History  of  Leicestershire,  but  the  best  is  the 
old  engravetl  pirtrait  by  Fran.  Delaram,  prefixed 
to  the  original  book.] 

DANIEL  FAIRCLOUGH,  commonly  called 
Fkatley,*  son  of  John  Featley  (sometimes  cook  to 

"  [The  first  subject  I  shall  insist  upon  is  the  quid  nominii. 
the  name  of  Featley  :  which  indeed  belonged  not  to  the  doc- 
tor, but  was  the  issue  of  the  ienorance  and  corruption  of 
the  limes.     His  right  name  was'  Faireclough,  and  by  that 



r.  Humplircv  president  of  Magdalen  coll. 
Is  c(K)k  of  that  of  Corp.  Chr.)  by  Marian 

Dr.  Laur.  Hun 

Thrift  his  wife,  was  born  at  Charlton  upon  Otmore 
near  to,  and  in  the  county  of,  ()xl()rd,  on  the  .5th 
of  March  or  thereabouts  in  1582,  educated  in  the 
grannnar  scIkkjI  joining  to  Magd.  college,  being  then 
(1590,  &c.)  chorister  of  that  house,  admitted  scho- 
lar of  Corp.  Chr.  coll.  Vi  Dec.  an.  1594,  probationer- 
fellow  20  Sept.  1C02,  being  then  bach,  of  arts,  and 
afterwards  proi'eeding  in  that  facidty,  (at  which 
time  he  was  junior  of  the  act')  he  became  a  severe 
student  in  that  of  divinity.  Soon  after,  having  laid 
a  solid  founflation  in  the  positive  part,  he  bet(X)k 
himself  to  the  fathers,  councils,  schoolmen,  &c.  and 
in  short  time  became  eminent  in  dieni.  His  ad- 
mirable disputations,  his  excellent  sermons,  his 
grave,  yet  affable  demeanour,  and  his  other  rare 
accomplishments,  made  him  so  renown'd,  that  sir 
Thomas  Edmunds  l)eing  dispatched  by  king  James, 
to  lie  leiger-ambassador  in  France,  he  made  choice  " 
of  our  author  to  travel  with  him  as  his  chaplain. 
The  choice  he  accepted  and  willingly  obeyed,  and 
spent  three  years  in  France  in  the  liouse  of  the  said 
ambassador.  During  that  time  he  becjune  the  ho- 
nor of  the  Protestant  religion  and  the  English  na- 
tion ;  insomuch  as  his  many  conflicts  with,  and  con- 
quests of,  the  learned  Sorbonists  in  defence  of  the 
protestants,  and  opposition  to  the  papists,  caused 
even  those  his  adversaries  to  give  him  this  encomium 
that  he  was  '  FeatlKus  acutiss.  &  acerrimus.'  Upon 
his  return  into  England,  he  repaired  to  his  college, 
took  the  degree  of  bach,  of  div.  1613,  and  s(X)n  after 
became  rector  of  Northill  in  Cornwall  by  the  fa- 
vour of  Ezeck.  Arscot,  esq;  one  of  his  pupils  and  a 
Cornish  man  born.  But  before  he  wa.s  scarce  warm 
there,  he  was  sent  for  from  thence  to  be  domestic 
chaplain  to  Dr.  Ablxit  archb.  of  Canterbury,  and  by 
him  was  j^refer'd  soon  after  to  the  rectory  of  Lam- 
beth in  Surrey.  In  1617  he  proceeded  in  divinity, 
and  puzled  Prideaux  the  king's  professor  so  much 
with  his  learned  arguments,  that  a  quarrel  there- 
upon being  raised,  the  archbishop  was  in  a  manner 
forced  to  compose  it  for  his  chaplain's  sake.     The 

name  he  was  ordained  both  deacon  and  minister,  as  his  let- 
ters of  orders  witnessed.  All  the  ancient  deeds,  evidences, 
and  conveyances  of  his  elder  brother,  his  father,  his  grand- 
father, and  the  rest  of  his  ancestors,  ran  in  the  name  of 
Faireclough  ;  yea,  and  his  elder  brother  (my  dear  father) 
did  consiantlv  write  his  name  John  FairecUjuph,  as  I  can 
justly  witness.  But  even  in  the  days  of  my  good  father,  the 
name  (bv  the  mistakes  of  people)  varied  and  altered  from 
Faireclough  to  Fairecley,  then  to  Fateley,  and  at  length  to 
Featley,  which  name  he  first  owned  in  print  of  all  our  fa- 
mily.— The  name  at  first  arose  from  tha.1  fair  cliff  where  his 
ancestors  long  since  were  seated  ;  for  in  the  dialect  of  that 
county  (Lancashire)  as  well  as  some  others,  a  clifl'  was  an- 
ciently written  clough ;  and  so  from  their  feat  the  family 
took  denomination  of  Fairclough,  retaining  the  ancient  way 
of  spelling.  Life  of  Fealley ,  l)y  his  nephew  Job u  Featley, 
Lond.  1()60,  p.  4.  Bodl.  8vo.  F.  53.  Th.] 

'  [He  preach'd  the  rehearsal  sermon,  l6lO.    Tanner.] 
"  [He  left  order  with  Dr.  King,  then  vice-chancellor,  to 
provide  him  a  chaplain.    Tanner.] 

archb.  of  S|>aJato  Ixjing  also  present  at  the  diKputa^ 
tion,  was  so  much  taken  with  our  author'H  argu- 
ments that  he  forthwith  gave  him  a  brother' s-place 
in  the  Savoy  Hospitjil  near  London,  he  iieing  Uien 
master  thereof.  Aixnit  that  time  he  had  tlie  rectory 
of  Allhallows  church  in  Hreadstreet  within  the  city 
of  London  confer'd  upon  him  by  Canteri)ury ; 
which,  soon  after,  he  changetl  i'or  the  rectory  aS 
Acton  in  Middlesex,'  and  at  length  became  the 
third  and  hist  provost'  of  Chelsea  coll.  In  1625 
he  left  Canterbury's  service  (Iwing  then  married*) 
and  retiring  to  Kennington  near  LamlK'th,  where 
his  wife  liaa  a,'  laid  aside  ixilemical  divinity, 

!>  [l0'27,  30  Jan.  Dan.  Fealley,  S.  T.  P.  institutat  in 
recioria  ile  Acton.     lieg.  London.     Kennet.] 

'  [He  was  the  third  provost,  and  Dr.  Samuel  Wilkinson 
the  fourth.  See  Fuller's  CAarcA //ii/ory,  x,  51,  55.  Love- 
da  Y.J 

'  [From  Woo<l'3  account,  it  would  seem  that  Featley  left 
archbishop  Abbot's  service  by  reason  of  his  marriage.  The 
real  cause  is  thus  given  by  his  nephew.  '  About  the  year 
l642  (n  misprint  for  1622)  and  about  the  forty  and  fourth 
year  of  his  age,  the  doctor  married  an  ancient,  grave  gentle- 
woman called  mistress  Joyce  Halloway,  the  relict  of  Mr. 
Halloway,  and  formerly  the  relict  of  Mr.  Thompson  (both 
merchants  of  London)  and  daughter  of  one  Mr.  Kerwin, 
who  lived  in  a  handsom  house  of  her  own  in  Kennington, 
in  Lambeth  parish,  and  being  a  great  florist,  nourished  a 
garden  which  administred  a  sweet  and  delicate  delight :  but 
this  marriage  he  for  a  time  concealed,  and  continued  in  the 
domestick  service  of  his  lord.  In  the  year  1(J25  (that  great 
year  of  the  tasking  pestilence  in  London)  the  archbishop  re- 
niov'd  with  his  whole  family  fiom  London  to  Croydon,  for 
fear  of  the  infection  ;  where  it  fell  out  on  a  day  that  Dr. 
Featley  found  himself  somewhat  indisi>osed  in  point  of 
health,  but  endeavoured  to  shake  it  off.  Howsoever  the 
bishop  was  soon  acquainted  with  it,  (for  great  men  want  not 
their  whispering  intelligencers)  and  presently  he  commanded 
the  doctors  speedy  removal  out  of  his  house.  Honor,  and 
wealth,  and  age,  and  the  ministerial  function,  were  too 
weak  orators  to  perswade  the  bishop  to  withstand  the  fear 
of  sickness  and  death.  The  weather  was  rainy,  the  ways 
foul,  the  doctor  not  well,  yet  all  these  signified  nothing,  nor 
prevailed  so  much  with  his  lord,  as  to  allow  him  to  stay 
either  in  the  house  or  town,  or  to  lend  him  a  coach  for  his 
easier  and  safer  journey.  The  doctor  look  horse,  and  by  the 
providence  of  a  belter  lord,  rode  safely  (though  in  mucn  an- 
guish and  grief)  to  his  own  house  at  Kennington,  where  by 
ihe  care  and  nursery  of  his  skilful  and  loving  wife,  and  a  di- 
vine blessing  upon  the  means,  he  soon  recovered  ;  for  his 
distemper  was  but  a  cold.  Upon  his  recovery,  he  removed 
his  books  and  other  goods  from  Lambeth  palace  to  his  own 
house,  and  so  deserted  the  service  of  his  lord.'  So  far  Dr. 
Featley's  nephew,  John  Featley,  but  surely  the  insinuations 
of  unkindncss  and  inhumanity  in  Abbot's  conduct,  might 
have  been  well  spared,  since  all  he  did  can  only  be  attri- 
buted to  a  meritorious  precaution  at  a  lime  of  general  dan- 

3  [In   the   south   isle    of  the  church   of  St.   Helens   in 

London  is  a  very  fair  window  with  this  inscription  : — This 
v\indow  was  glazed  at  the  charges  of  Joyce  Featley,  daugh* 
ter  to  Williain  Kerwyn  escj.  and  wife  to  Daniel  Featley  DJ). 
Anno  Domini  l632.  This  window  is  beautified  with  three 
rich  coats,  her  father's,  her  first,  and  her  second  husband's. 
Stowe's  Survey  of  London,  by  Strype,  ed.  1720,  pgc  102. 

l636,  April  20,  Joyce  Feaily  by  her  will,  or  writing  in- 
dented tripartite,  did  appoint,  that  after  the  death  of  Dr. 
Dan.  Featly,  her  husbana,  and  herself,  yearly  to  be  paid  by 
her  heirs,  out  of  the  rents  and  profits  ol  a  messuage  in  the 



wholly  devotwl  hiiiisoU"  to  the  study  and  practice  of 
piety  and  diaritv,  and  composed  his  Aiuilla  Ple- 
tatis,  whicli  the  next  year  wa-s  published.  From 
that  time  to  the  iK-jjinning  of  the  civil  war,  may  be 
many  thinjjs  here  sjxiken  of  him,  wortliy  of  me- 
morv,  as  of  liis  often  disputes  with  persons  of  con- 
trary religion,  his  writing  of  Ikx)ks  against  the 
f7T]  church  of  Rome,  &c.  which  shall  now  lor  bre- 
vity's sake  be  omittLnl.  In  Nov.  WiH,  after  the 
king  had  encounter'd  the  parliament  soldiers  at 
Brentford,  some  of  the  rebels  took  up  their  quar- 
ters at  Acton :  who,  after  they  had  missed  our  au- 
thor Featley,  whom  they  took  to  be  a  papist,  or  at 
least  that  he  had  a  iwpe  in  his  belly,  they  drank 
and  eat  uj)  his  provision,  burnt  down  a  barn  of  his 
full  of  corn  ana  two  stables,  the  loss  amounting  to 
211/.   and  at  the  same  time  did  not  only  greatly 

Erofane  the  church  there  by  their  beastly  actions, 
ut  also  burnt  the  rails,  pulfd  down  the  font,  broke 
the  windows  and  I  know  not  what.  In  Febr.  fol- 
lowing the  said  rebels  sought  after  him  in  the  church 
at  Lambeth  on  a  Lord's-day  to  murder  him,  but  he 
having  timely  notice  of  their  coming,  withdrew  and 
saved  hini.self.  In  1643,  when  the  bishops  were 
altogether  disenabled  from  performing  their  office, 
and  thereupon  the  assembly  of  divines  was  consti- 
tuted, by  the  '  blessed  parliament,''  then  by  some  so 
caU'd,  our  author  was  appointed  a  member  thereof, 
shewing  himself  among  tliem  to  have  more  of  Calvin 
in  him  than  before,  being  (as  'tis  •»  said)  a  Calvinist 
always  in  his  heart,  tho' he  shewed  it  not  so  ojx'nly 
till  that  time,  "  and  wa.s  witness  against  archbishop 
"  Laud  at  his  tryal."  But  so  it  was,  that  our  author 
being  a  main  stickler  against  the  covenant  there, 
which  he  was  to  take,  did  in  a  letter  to  the  learuetl 
Dr.  Usher  primate  of  Ireland,  then  at  Oxon,  in  the 
middle  of  Sept.  the  same  year,  shew  to  him  the 
reasons  why  he  excepted  against  it.»  A  copy  of 
which  letter,  or  else  another,  which  he  about  the 
same  time  wrote,  being  treacherously  gotten  *  from 

parish  of  Lambelh  in  Surry,  (being  copyhold  of  ihe  m.inor 
of  Kennington)  for  ever,  41.  per  ann.  to  be  paid  lo  tlie 
and  churchwardens  of  this  parish  (St.  Helens)  by  quarterly 
payments  upon  trust  to  distribute  i'Jd.  thereof  weelily  every 
Sunday  in  bread.  And  20s.  thereof  yearly  to  the  preacher, 
to  preach  on  the  day  of  her  burial  (and  that  happened  on  the 
3  Oct.  lC37)  :  ••Vnil  in  default  of  such  sermon,  that  said  20s. 
w  go  to  the  poor  of  the  parish.  And  ()s.  yearly  to  be  be- 
stowed in  upliolding  her  father's  tomb ;  and  the  other  2s. 
yearly  lo  the  sexton,  for  keeping  clean  the  said  tomb.  Ibid. 
page  104.  It  seems  that  upon  the  death  of  Dr.  Featley,  the 
executors  of  his  wife's  will  refused  payment  of  the  above  be- 
quest; but  in  lC48  a  decree  for  such  payment  was  obtained 
by  an  inquisition  upon  the  statute  for  charitable  uses.  This 
decree  however,  by  reason  of  the  civil  disturbances  that  fol- 
lowed, was  not  acted  upon  till  1703,  when  the  court  of 
chancery  confirmed  it,  and  ordered  payment  of  the  annuities 
(with  a  remittance  of  all  arrears)  from  Michaelmas  in  that 

«  By  Dr.  Pot.  Heylin. 

*  [See  the  best  account  of  this  matter  in  my  lord  Claren- 
don's Hist,  of  the  Rebellion,  vol.  ii,  page  286.     Baker.] 

"  See  in  a  book  call'd  Sacra  Nemesis.  §  3,  4,  5,  &c. 

him,  wa-s  first  carried  to  the  close  comhultee,  and  at 
length  to  the  house  of  commons.  Whereupon  our 
author  being  jiidgeil  to  be  a  spy  and  a  lietrayer  of 
the  parliament's  cause,  was  seised  on,  committed 
prisoner  to  the  lord  Petre's  house  in  Alilcr^gatestreet 
on  the  30th  of  the  said  month,  and  his  rectories 
taken  away,  that  of  Acton  being  bestowed  on  the 
infamous  mtlejiendciit  Philip  Nye,  and  that  of  Lam- 
lK?th  on  Joh.  White  of  Dorchester,  the  old  instru- 
ment of  sedition,  who  afterwards  got  an  order  to  ob- 
tain, and  keep  his  library  of  btxjks,  till  such  time 
that  he  could  get  his  own  back,  which  had  a  little 
before  been  seised  on  at  Dorchester  by  the  command 
of  prince  Kupcrt.  In  the  said  prison-house  he  con- 
tinued till  the  beginning  of  March  1644,  and  then 
after  much  supplication  made  to  the  parliament  in 
his  behalf  (he  being  then  drawn  very  low  and  weak 
by  the  drt)psy)  he  was  remov'd  for  health's  sake  to 
Chelsea  college,  of  which  he  was  then  provost,  where 
spinning  out  a  short  time  in  piety  and  holy  exercise, 
surrendred  uj)  his  last  breath  to  him  that  first  gave 
it.  He  was  esteemed  by  the  generality  to  be  one  of 
the  most  resolute  and  victorious  champions  of  the 
reformed  protestant  religion  in  his  time,  a  most 
smart  scourge  ofthe  church  of  Rome,  a  compendium 
of  the  learned  tongues,  and  of  all  the  liberal  arts  and 
sciences :  Also,  that  though  he  was  of  small  stature, 
yet  he  hatl  a  great  soul  and  had  all  learning  com- 
pacted in  him.  He  was  most  seriously  and  soundly 
pious  and  devout,  and  tam  studio  cjuam  exercitio 
theologus  insignis,  &c.  as  'tis  express'd  in  his  ej)itaph. 
What  the  reader  may  further  judge  of  him,  may  be 
by  his  works,  the  catalogue  of  which  follows. 

The  Life  and  Death  of  Jo.  Jewell  sometime  bish. 

of  Salisbury. ^'Tis  an  abridgment  of  the  said 

bishop's  life  written  by  Laur.  Humphrey  D.  D. 
drawn  up  by  our  author  whilst  he  was  a  student  in 
C.  C.  coll.  an.  1609,  at  the  command  of  Dr.  Bancroft 
archbishop  of  Canterbury.  Which  being  by  him 
concluded  and  sent  to  Lambeth,  was  sucldenly 
printetl  and  prefix'd  to  the  said  Jewell's  works,  be- 
fore he  had  time  to  revise  it,  and  to  note  the  errata 
therein.  Most,  if  not  all,  of  the  said  life  is  printed 
in  English  in  a  book  entit.  Abel  redivivus,  collected 
and  written  by  Tho.  Fuller Lond.  1651.  qii. 

Hi.itory  of  the  Life  and  Manner  of  Death  of 
Dr.  Joh.  Ruinolds  President  of  Corp.  Ch.  eoll.  in 

Oxon. It  was  delivered  in  a  Lat.  oration  from  a       [78] 

pew  set  in  that  coll.  cjuadrangle,  when  the  said 
Rainolds  was  to  be  interred  in  the  chappel  there. 
Most,  or  all  of  the  said  life  is  remitted  into  the  be- 
fore-mention''d  Abel  redivivus. 

Life  and  Death  of  Rob.  Abbot  D.  D.  sometimes 

BisJiop  of  Salisbury. Written  in  Latin  also,  as 

it  seems,  and  remitted  into  Ab.  i-ediv.  in  English. 

The  Romish  Fisher  caught  ami  held  in  his  own 
Net.  Or,  a  true  Relation  of  his  Coii/irenee  with 
Joh.  Fisher  and  Joh.  Sweet.  Lond.  1624.  qu. 
[Bodl.  4to.  F.  4.  Th.  BS.] 

Appendix  to  th*;  Fisher''s  Net,  x&ith  a  Description 




of-' the  Romish  Wheel  and  Ctrcle. Printed  with 

the  foriiKT  lM)ok. 

-4  Defence  of  his  Proceedings  in  the  Conference, 
togetlier  with  a  Refutation  of  Mr.  FisJier\i  Answer 
(under  the  Name  of  J.  C.J  to  a  Treatise  entit.  The 
Fisher  caught  in  his  own  Net.     Lond.  1624.  qu. 

The  Sum  and  Substance  of  that  which  passed  in 
a  Disputation  hctzecen  Dr.  Featly  and  Mr.  G.  Mus- 
ket, touching  Transubstantiation,  9,\st  of  April 
1621.     Lond.  1624.  qu. 

True  Relation  of  that  xchich  passed  in  a  Confer- 
ence at  the  End  of  Pater-noster-row,  called  Amen, 
touching  Tran,substantiation,  18  Apr.  1623. 

Conference  hy  writing  between  Dr.  Featley  and 
Mr.  Jo.  Sweet  a  Jesuit  touching  the  Ground,  and 
last  Resolution  of  Faith. 

Whicli  five  last  things  were  printed  with  the 
Rom.  Fisher  caught. 

Ancilla  Pietatis.  Or,  the  Handmaid  to  private 
Devotion,  &c.  Lond.  1626,  oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  F.  83. 
Th.]  '  After  which,  were  eight  editions  of  it  printed 
before  the  year  1676. 

The  Practice  of  Extraordinary  Devotion 

printed  with  Ancilla  Pietatis.  In  one  of  these  two 
he  makes  the  story  of  S.  George  the  tutelar  saint  of 
England  a  mere  figment,  for  wliich  he  was  forced  to 
cry  peccavi,  and  fall  upon  his  knees  before  Dr.  WiU. 
Laud,  A.  B.  of  Cant,  as  Will.  Cartwright  of  Ch.  Ch. 
hath  noted  it  in  the  margin  of  a  copy  of  the  said 
book,  which  did  belong  to  him. 

Sum  of  Saving  Knowledge  delivered  in  a  Cate- 
chism consisting  of  52  Sections,  answerable  to  the 
Sabbaths  throughout  the  Year.     Lond.  1626.  oct. 

Pelagius  recllvivus.  Or,  Pelagius  ralc'd  out  cyf 
tlie  Ashes  by  Arininius  and  his  Scholars.  Lond. 
1626.  qu.  This  book  consists  of  two  parallels,  one 
between  the  Pelagians  and  Arminians,  the  other  be- 
tween the  church  of  Rome,  the  appealer,  (viz.  Rich. 
Mountague  afterwards  B.  of  Cliichester)  and  the 
church  of  England  in  three  columes;  together  with 
a  writ  of  error  sued  against  the  appealer,  &c. 
Seven  men,  in  distinct  b(X)ks,  soon  after  Mountague''s 
Appeal  came  forth,  appeai'ed  against  it,  viz.  G. 
Carleton  B.  of  Chich.  &c.  See  more  in  the  said 
Carleton  under  the  year  1628.  vol.  ii.  col.  424. 

The  grand  Sacrilege  of  the  Church  of  Rome  in 
taking  away  tfie  Sacred  Cup  from  the  Laity  at  the 
Lordi's  Table,  8cc.  Lond.  1630.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  C. 
41.  Th.] 

Two  Ccniferences :  the  former  at  Paris  now  stifled 
by  the  Romanists  Bislwp  of  Chalcedon ; '  another 

'  [Tills  is  the  second  edition,  and  contains,  in  addition  to 
what  wa'i  given  in  the  first, 

1 .  A  Difrnce  of  Christian  Feasts,  and  the  Religious  01- 
strvatiim  thereof. 

2.  A  Discourse  of  the  Lent  Fast,  the  Original  and  perpe- 
tiiall  Practise  thereof. 

3  Directions  for  a  private  Fast,  together  with  Admoni- 
tions, Humnes,  and  Prayers  fitted  thereunto. '\ 

'  [WTiich  being  censur'dny  G.  E.  was  in  l634  vindicated 
bv  Myrth  VVaferer.  See  these  Athenje  under  the  year 
1680.     Watts.] 

Vol.  III. 

at  Ltmdon  zvith  Mr.  Everard  a  Romish  Priest,  dis- 
guised in  the  Habit  itfa  I Aiy-Gcntlemun,  unexpect- 
edly met  at  a  Dinner  in  NMe-street  ^  Jan.  1626, 
Printed  with  the  Grand  Sacrilege,  &c. 

Claris  Mystica :  A  Key  opening  divers  difficidl 
and  mysterious  Texts  tyf  Holy  Scripture,  in  70 
Sermons.  Lond.  1636.  fol.  [IJodl.  Y.  1.  11.  Th.] 
Which  sermons  having  several  matters  in  litem 
against  the  papists  ami  the  church  of  R<mie,  were, 
as  Prynne"  .saith,  obliteratwl  l)efore  tlic-v-  went  into 
the  press  by  the  licenser,  chaplain  to  Laud  arch- 
bishop of  Canterbury. 

"  Hexatexium :  or.  Six  Cordials  to  strengthen 
"  the  Heart  of  evenf  faithful  Christian  against  the 
"  Terrors  of  Death.  Load.  1637,  thin  tol.  This 
"  book  contains  six  sermons,  the  first  of  which  is  on 
"  Eccles.  12.  5." 

Defence  of  Sir  Humph.  LyncFs  Viatuta.  Lond. 
1638.  qu.  See  in  sir  H.  Lynd  under  the  year  1636, 
vol.  ii.  col.  602. 

An.9wer  to  a  Piece  entit.  A  Case  for  a  Pair  of 
Spectacles.'  Lond.  1638.  qu.  [Bodl.  A.  3. 16.  Line'.] 
This,  with  a  supplement  thereunto  added,  tho'  pub- 
lished by  Dr.  Featlcv,  yet  'twas  originally  written      [79] 
by  the  said  sir  Humphrey.     See  more  in  sir  Humph, 
in  vol.  ii.  col.  602. 

Transubstantiution  exploded  \or  an  Encounter 
with  Ricluird  tlie  titular ie  Bishop  of  Chalcedon 
concerning  Chrisfs  Presence  at  his  holy  Table. 
Wliereunto  is  annexed  a  true  Relation  of  a  Dispute 
beticeen  O.  Featly  and  Dr.  Bagshaw  at  Paris, 
1612.]*  agaiiust  the  Bisliop  of  Chalcedon.  Lond. 
1638,  oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  A.  92.  Line] 

Several  funeral  sermons,  "  one  preachetl  at  the 
funeral  of  sir  Humph.  Lynd.'"  Lond.  1640.  fol. 
published  again  with  other  fun.  scmu)n.s,  under  the 
title  of  The  House  of  Mourning,  &c.  Lond.  1671. 

Vertumnus  Romanus.  Or,  a  Discourse  penned 
by  a  Romish,  therein  he  endeavours  to  prove 
that  it  is  lauful  for  a  Papist  in  England  to  go  to 
a  Protestant  Church,  to  receive  the  Communion, 
and  to  take  the  Oaths  of  Allegiance  and  Supremacy. 
To  uhich  are  adjoined  Animadversions  in  the  Mar- 
gin, by  Way  of  Antidote,  against  those  Places 
where  the  rankest  Poison  is  couclwd.  Lond.  1642. 
qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  T.  24.  Jur.] 

Animadvei'sions  upon  a  Book  entit.  A  Safeguard 
from  Shipicrack  to  a  prudent  Catliolic,  wherein  is 
proved  that  a   Catliolic  may  go  to  a  Protestant 
Church  and  take  the  Oaths  of  Allegiance  and  Su- 
premacy.    Lond.  1642.  i\u. 

9  See  in  Canterburies  Doome,  p.  108,  254,  858,  869,  aliu 
2*9,  284,  '^93,  527,  &c. 

'  [This  is  the  same  with  the  foregoiii|j!  work.  A  Cast  for 
the  Spectncles,  or  a  Defence  nf  Via  tnta,  Tlie  safe  Way,  hy 
sir  Humphrey  Lynde  Knight,  in  answer  to  a  Book  written  by 
I.  R.  called,  A  Paire  of  Spectacles  ;  together  with  a  Treatise 
intituled  Stric!ur(e  in  Lyndomastygem,  by  way  of  Supple- 
ment to  the  Knight's  Answer,  where  he  left  off,  prtvenled  by 
Death.  And  a  Sermon  preached  at  his  Funtrall,  at  Cobham, 
June  14,  1636.     Lond.  j630'.  4lo.] 

'  [Tanner.] 





The  gentle  Lash ;  or,  the  Vindication  of  Dr. 
Feutlcy,  a  known  Champion  oftlie  Protestant  Reli- 

His  Answer  to  the  seven  Articles  exhibited 
against  him  to  the  Committee  of  pliindred  Ministers 
by  three  mechanic  BroKnists,  in  July  1643.' 

His  Mani/esto  or  Challenge.  "  These  three 
were  printed  at  Oxford  1644,  qu.  in  4  sheets." 
[B(xll.  C.  14.  6.  Line]  This  [last]  was  written  iijxin 
report  that  lie  was  turned  papist. 

The  Dippers  dipt.  Or,  the  Anabaptists  dueled 
and  plung'd  over  Head  and  Ears,  at  a  Disputation 
in  Swdhwark  17  Oct.  1642.  Lond.  1643,  44,  45, 
[1651.  Bodl.  A.  16.  14.  Line]  &c.  Answered  by 
Sam.  Richardson,  an.  1645. 

Tractate  against  the  Anabaptists  contained  in  six 

Remarkable  Histories  of  the  Anabaptists,  with 

Observations   tlieretipon These   two   last  are 

printed  with  The  Dippers  dipt. 

Answer  to  a  Popish  Challenge  touching  the  An- 
tiquity and  Visibility  irfthe  true  Church  and  other 
Questions  depending  thereon.  I.,ond.  1644.  qu. 
Some  titles  of  this  book  call  it  Roma  mens. 

Sacra  Nemesis :  The  Levites  Scmtrge,  or  Merc. 
Britannicus  andCivicus  disciplin''d.  Oxon.1644.  qu. 

Divers  remarkable  Disputes  and  Resolves  in  the 
Assembly  of  Divines  related.  Episcopacy  asseiied. 

Truth  rijited, In  this,  which  is  printed  with 

Sacra  Nemesis,  is  Dr.  Featley's  learned  speech 
against  the  covenant,  spoken  in  the  said  assembly. 

Pedum  Pastorale,  Concio  hab.  ad  Cler.  Oxon. 
ad  Joh.  21. 15.  Ultratraject.  1657.  in  tw. 

Dr.  Dan.  Featley  revived,  proving  that  the  Pro- 
testant Church  (and  not  the  Romish)  is  the  only 
Catholic  and  true  Church.  Lond.  1660.  tw.  [BodJ. 
8vo.  F.  53.  Th.]     Preserved  from  the  hands  of  the 

filunderers  in  the  beginning  of  the  civil  war,  care- 
iilly  kept  for  many  years,  and  at  length  published 
by  his  nephew  Joh.  Featley.'' 

The  Lea-ue  illegal:  or,  an  Examination  of  the 
.lohmn  League  and  Covenant.  Lond.  1669.  qu.  See 
in  Jo.  Gauden  under  the  year  1662,  and  in  Joh. 
Featley  1666. 

Doctrine  of  the  Church  of  England  maintained, 
in  a  Justification  of  the  39  Articles  of  the  Church 
of  England,  against  Papists  and  Schismutics,  &c. 
Lond.  1660.  quarto. 

Antiquity  and  Universality  of  the  Protestant 
Faith-- — Printed  with  the  former.  He  also  pub- 
lished K.  James  his  Cygnea  cantio.  Lond.  1629. 
3u.  wherein  you  may  read  a  scholastic  duel  between 
lat  king  and  our  author;  who  dying  in  Chelsea 
coll.  near  Lond.  on  the  17  of  April  in  sixteen  hun- 
1645.  dred  forty  and  five,  was,  according  to  his  will,  bu- 
ried in  the  chancel  of  Lambeth  church.     At  which 

'  [Wood  coiifouiided  this  and  the  preceding  tract  in  the 

first  edit,  but  his  mistake  is  rectified  in  the  second  of  1721.] 

■•  [With  a  succinct  history  of  his  life  and  death.     Wan- 


time  a  very  great  multitude  of  i)ersons  of  honour 
and  ((uality  attendwl  the  funeral  rites,  and  Dr.  Loe, 
by  some  called  Leo,  preached  a  learned  and  pious 
sermon.  Which  iK'ing  afterwards  printed  ^  I  shall 
refer  the  reader  to  it,  if  it  niav  oe  had  :  where- 


in,  as  also  in  his  life,  written  by  his  nephew  Jo. 
Featley  before-mention'd,  (from  whence  I  have 
taken  some  materials)  you  may  receive  farther  satis- 
faction concerning  those  rare  accomplishments  of  the 
party  deceased.  Over  his  grave  was  s<jon  after  a 
comely  monument  erected,  with  an  epitaph  engraven 
thereon ;  a  copy  of  which  you  may  see  in  Hist.  ^• 
Antiq.  Univ.  Oxon.  hb.  2.  p.  242.  b. 

[Dan.  Featley  coll.  Magd.  Oxon.  admittend.  ad 
sacr.  presbyter  ord.  subscnpsit  artic.  5  Sept.  1664. 

Daniel  Featley  A.  M.  axlmittend.  ad  vie.  de  Byker 
com.  Line,  siibscripsit  artic.  9  Aug.  1665.  Ex 
Autogr.  MS.   Kennet. 

Before  S.  Newman's  Concordance,  Dan.  Featley 
has  wrote  (containing  four  pages)  An  Advertisement 
to  the  Christian  Reader,  concerning  the  Occasion  of 
composing  and  publishing  this  Concordance,  to- 
gether with  the  manifold  Use  thereof  In  this  are 
some  criticisms  on  the  Vulgate  translation. 

Before  Phincas  Fletcher's  Purple  Island  he  has 
also  wrote  one  page  '  to  the  reader.'     Loveday. 

I  have  hatl  the  good  fortune  to  discover,  among 
Dr.  llawlinson's  MSS.  a  volinne  which  would  be 
invaluable  to  any  future  biographer  of  Featley.  It 

1.  The  Trial  of  Fayth  by  tfu-  Tutch-stone  of 
Truth.  (Suy  &11V  For  the  coimtesseof  Buckingham.) 

2.  Literw  a  Patriarcha  Alexandrino  ad  Archiep. 
Cant,  transmissce,  ex  JEgypto,  Jussu  Archiep. 

3.  Prcefatio  in  Rob.  Abbot  Salisbur.  Epi^copi 
Cygn.  Cant\onem. 

4.  In  Effigiem  G.  Abbot  Archiep.  Cant.  (Latin 

5.  Triplici  Nocte  triplex  Cursus,  seu  Sphinx 
Protestantium.  Qawstiof'"  Vbi  vestra  Ecclesia  ex- 
titit  ante  Lutheri  Excitum  ? 

6.  The  Preface  to  the  great  English  Concordance, 
published  by  M.  C.  1630. 

7.  A  Preface  to  Mr.  Chibb.  (probably  Chibbald) 
Jiis  Apology. 

8.  A  Praifcxe  to  the  Booke  intituled  the  Spanish 

9.  An  Epistle  dedicatory  Jbr  M.  S.  to  the  Lady 

10.  Oratio. 

11.  Oratio  in  Comit.  Tuibita  Julii  14,  1606. 

12.  Oratio  in  banc  tliesin :  Hccc  una  Hominis 
Sapientia,  non  arbitrari  te  scire  quod  nescias. 

'  \^A  Sermon  preached  at  Lambeth  Apr.  21,  l645,  at  the 
Funeral  nf  that  teamed  and  pnlemkal  Divine  Dan.  Featley 
D.  D-  late  preacher  there :  with  a  Short  Relation  of  his 
Life  and  Death,  by  JVm.  Leo,  D.D.  sometimes  Preacher  at 
Wandesworth  in  Surrey.  Lond.  164.5,  4to.  In  bibl.  coll. 
Jo.  Cant.  Class  OO.  7-  32.     Baker.] 




13.  Oratlo  in  Comit'ixs  fi°  JuUi  habcnda  de  li'isce 
3  QucEstimilbu^.  1.  An  Pacts  Artes  sint  nobiliofcs 
quam  Belli  ?  2.  An  prcvstantitis  sit  in  multis 
Scientiis  mediacrem  esse,  quam  in  vna  singvlarem. 
3.  An  Famafaveat  optimis  ? 

14.  Oratio  in  Landem  Dialecticce  Aristotelis, 
et  Demonstrationum,  in  ScJiola  Dialect,  habenda. 

15.  An  Terra  moveatur  Cwlum  quiescat,  Neg. 
(Lat.  verse.) 

16.  An  Inventio  Pulveris  tormeniarii  magisju- 
ciat  ad  Salntem.  quam  ad  Perniciem  Rerumpvdili- 
carum.  Neg.  (Lat.  verse.) 

17.  An  Ecclesia  vlsih.  .sit  Cwtus  Fidelium. 

18.  Prcrfatio  in  Oratixmem  Comit.  doctiss.  viri 
D.  R.  Jani  Calendis  dsdicatam. 

19.  Oratio  in  Templo  B.  Maria  Atigustin. 

20.  Lectin  j"'"  theologica  habita  in  Coll.  C.  C.  C. 

21.  Oratio  funebris  in  Obitum  doctiss.  et  sanctiss. 
Viri  et  mihi  amici.ssimi  Jo.  Rainold  Pras. 
qui  obiit  Die  Jovis  inter  Hor.  11  et  12,  1607, 
Mail  21  .•  Sepult.  et  Honoris.  25.  {Habita  in  Qua- 

22.  Leges  Pontificiorum  de  Delectu  Ciborum  in 
Jejunio  et  hujusmodi  Adiaphoris  sunt  snperstitiosw. 

23.  Oratio;  Opera  7iostra  bona  non  merentur 
Vitam  Aiternam. 

24.  Lectio  Theologica;  '  Cum  jejunasset  40 
diebiM  et  40  noctihus,  po.stea  esuriit.'' 

25.  Sacra  Scriptura  continet  in  se  omnia  ad  Sa- 
lutem  necessaria. 

26.  The  Life  and  Death  of  B.  Jetcell  collected 
out  of  Dr.  Humfrey's  larger  Treatise ;  appointed 
by  the  Archb.    An.  1609.  {Finiend.  Spat.  Mensis.) 

27.  Lectio  in  Aula. 

28.  Lectio  theologica ;  '  Cum  Jejunasset  40  dies, 
turn  vcnit  ad  eum  Tentator!' 

29-  Comfort  and  Physik  in  Time  of  Plajr^ie.  To 
the  r.  w.  M.  Wentworth.     (Incept.  Octob.  1609) 

30.  In  Missa  non  qffertur  Sacrificium  proprie 
dictum  propitiatorium  pro  vivis  et  defunctis. 

31.  CoiKU)  Latina.  Coram  Academia  die  purific. 

Besides  these  pieces,  this  curious  volume  contains 
a  great  number  of  original  letters  from  Featley,  of 
which  I  now  give  three  or  four  which  have  never 
before  been  pnnted. 

To  his  loving  cosyn  Mr.  Fayreclough 

Pardon,  most  louing  and  kinde  cosyn,  my  looser 
wrighting  vnto  you,  to  whom  I  am  so  much  bounde. 
My  many  and  great  businesses  thrusting  one  vpon 
another  in  the  streights  of  time,  to  stop  ech  other 
that  none  passeth  as  it  ought.  St.  Austin  wittily 
moueth  a  doubt  how  it  is  possible  to  remember  ob- 
liuion  seing  we  remember  nothing  but  such  things 
whose  shapes  and  pictures  are  drawne  in  the  me- 
mory '  Cum  nemini  obUvionem  et  monioria  praesto 
est,  et  obhvio  memoria  qua  meminerim  oblivio  qua 
meminerim.  Sed  quid  est  oblivio  nisi  privatio  me- 
moria; ?  quomodoergo  adest  ut  ea  meminerim  quando 
cum  adest  merainisse  non  possim  ?''  Certainely  how- 

aoouer  it  secme  strange  that  we  should  remember 
that  which  taketh  away  all  memorye,  yet  I  am  Kuro 
I  too  well  rememlwr  my  t<x)  much  mrgetfulnes  of 
you  loue  and  friendship  yet  I  more  desirwl 
m  my  secretest  thoughts  tiii-ii  ol"  any,  and  if  banh- 
fulnes  rather  then  forgetfnines,  want  of  opportu- 
nity, multitude  of  busines,  shall  now  picade  tor  my 
fonner  silence,  I  \vill  hereafter  rather  make  a  breach 
of  my  duty  on  the  contrary  side  in  too  much  trou- 
bling you,  then  where  I  have  done  hcrtoforc  in  too 
seldome  visiting  you.     There  will  In?,  I  ho[K',  here- 
after '  Finis  aliquando  suspirandi  et  initium  respi- 
randi '  when  we  shall  come  all  of  vs  to  make  merry 
with  you.     I  suppose  you  haue  heard  the  manner 
of  the  solennizing  of  the  funerals  of  the  Phoenix  of 
our  age;  I  mcane  D.  R.  (Doctor  Rainolds)  whom 
if  you  had  seene  in  all  the  time  of  sicknes,  and  that 
instant  when,  l)efore  our  eyes,  he  turned  into  ashes, 
you  would  (have)  applyed  the  verses  of  Lactantius 
Mors  illi  Venus  est,  sola  est  in  morte  voluptas 
^tornam  vitam  mortis  adepta  bono : 
Who  that  he  might  be  buried  Phoenix-like  with  fra- 
grant odours,  after  Mr.  vice-chancelor  had  pnired 
out  a  Ikjxc  of  balsame,  the  sweetest  of  all  oyntments, 
which  onely  is  found  in  the  holy  land  June,  I  also, 
deputed  thereto,  burnt  incense  at  the  a.shes  of  this 
Phoenix  of  such  spices  as  I  could  get  of  the  l)est 
Hethenish  apothecaries  to  praeserue  and  diffuse  the 
sweete  sauour  of  his  virtues.     Howbeit  because  per- 
aduenture  you  desire  to  know  more  particularly  the 
manner  of  liis  death,  and  because  Sir  Sammon  er- 
nestly  desired  a  copy  of  that  speech  for   you,   I 
thought  it  not  amisse  to  let  you  haue  a  view  of  that 
copy  which  Dr.  Morton  deane  of  Gloucester  request- 
ed, and  was  sent  to  London  to  him,  but  was  re- 
turned because  he  was  then  at  Camliridge,  and  is 
againe  to  lie  sent  this  next  week  ;  which  abortiue 
bratte  conceiued  and  brought  forth  in  3  dayes,  truly 
Bcnony  the  sonnc  of  sorrowe,  if  you  shall  view  be- 
tweene  this  and  munday  (if  so  your  leisure  serue 
you)  I  shalbe  very  glad  to  hearc  your  censure,  yea 
though  you  altogither  mislike  it,  that  I  may  know 
your  iudgment,  and  thereto  conforme  myself.     For 
as   Iphicrates   answered  a   kinsman  of  Harmodius 
who  opbraidcd  vnto  him  his  ignobility,  (rvyYiy'Krrc^a 
dvrd  ixiivui,  ra.  ydq  iy-a  Iqya.  (xvyycvsirTtfa  to's  'ixiivov 
ij*  td  o-a,  so  then  I  slioidd  think  my  self  vniuocally 
your  cosyn,  if  my  works,  my  studyes  and  all  my  ex- 
ercises might  be  a-vyyevij,  as  it  wrre,  kin  and  allyed 
to  yours.     Thus   with  humblyest   commendations 
and  hartyest  prayers  for  you,  your  wife,  and  whole 
familye,  I  ende. 

A  Relation  of  an  Apparition  in  Hidnam  House. 
(To  the  archbishop  of  Canterbury.) 

May  it  please  your  gr. 

I  would  not  pra-sume  to  accjuaint  your  gr.  with  a 

.straunge  relation  of  an  apparition  in  these  parts,  if 

ye  circumstances  were  not  as  remarkable  as  I  am 

perswadetl  the   truth  is  vncontrollable.     The  last 




weeke  S"^  Th.  Wise  a  knight  of  ye  Hath,  of  an  an- 
cient descent  and  large  reuenucs,  dealt  very  erucstly 
with  Mr.  Spjiin  an  escj.  in  my  parisli  to  (b-aw  nie 
along  with  him  to  Hidnam  house,  situate  3  mile 
east  of  Launceston,  desirous  there  to  heare  me  on 
ye  sabbatii.  After  sermon,  he  projxiunded  many 
curious  (juestions  touching  the  church,  tempting 
Christ,  the  truth  of  apparitions,  the  interpretation  of 
dreamcs,  and  notes  of  difference  betweene  go<Kl  an- 
gels and  bad  ;  whervnto  I  giuie  him  the  best  resolu- 
tions I  could  for  the  praeseiit,  and  for  his  farther 
satisfaction  referred  him  to  diuers  learned  treatises 
both  of  diuines  and  philosophers.  On  the  niunday 
morning  he  calletl  me  a-side  to  conferre  with  me  in 
priuate,  and  there  brake  the  matter  vnto  me,  with 
protestation  vjxm  his  saluation  by  Christ,  and  as  he 
should  answere  at  ye  dreiulfuU  day  of  judgment, 
tliat  he  would  relate  nothing  but  that  his  conscience 
bad  him  witnes  was  most  true.  The  sume  of  his 
relation  was,  that  alxiut  a  month  agoe,  a  little  after 
midnight,  he  heard  a  fearfull  crye  and  shrieking  of 
some  of  his  maides  that  lay  in  the  next  chamlier  to 
him,  and  suppt)sing  that  some  theeues  had  brake  in 
vpon  them,  he  rose  vp  and  ranne  out  with  two  naked 
rapiers  in  his  hand,  but  when  he  came  into  the 
chamber  he  vnderstotxl  by  them  that  they  were 
frighted  with  a  walking  spirit,  which  they  sayd  came 
in  at  the  windowe  and  stood  heard  by  the  bedside, 
in  the  likenes  of  a  woman  in  her  smock,  holding  her 
hands  ouer  the  children.  To  this  conceit  of  their's 
he  gave  little  cretlit  for  ye  praesent,  and  imputed  it 
to  sore  distemper  or  vaine  fancy  of  womanly  feare, 
because,  as  he  seriously  protested,  he  was  euer  of 
opinion  that  there  were  no  such  apparitions.  The 
night  following  he  awaked  about  ye  same  time,  and 
after  half  an  houre  he  heard  the  latch  of  the  chamber 
dore  move,  and  saw  the  dore  open  suddenly,  and  to 
his  thinking  a  woman  as  though  in  her  sm(x;k  enter 
in,  which  at  first  he  imagined  to  be  of  his  family, 
and  demanded  what  they  meant  to  trouble  him  at 
that  time  of  night :  but  receiuing  no  answer  at  all 
from  it,  as  it  drew  nerer  and  nerer  towai-ds,  his  mind 
misgaue  him  that  it  was  the  spirit  that  affrighted  his 
seruants  that  night ;  whervpon  he  prayed,  as  he  tes- 
tified, wth  more  zeale  and  feruency  then  euer  in  his 
life,  and  besought  so  to  strengthen  him  that  he  might 
speake  to  it.  And  as  it  drew  nerer,  he  demanded 
of  it  wherfore  it  came  ?  The  spirit  returned  no 
answere,  but  came  close  to  the  bed's  feete  whervpon 
he  rose  vp  in  his  bed,  and  aft"^  a  zealous  prayer, 
with  c(jnfession  of  his  heinous  and  grieuous  sins, 
charged  it,  in  the  name  of  the  God  of  heuen  to  come 
no  nerer.  After  which  adiuration,  it  stood  still  at 
his  bed  feete  for  about  halfe  an  houre ;  on  the  end 
grew  dinier  and  diiiier,  till  it  quite  vanished  out  of 
sight.  And  as  it  vanished  the  day  appeared.  His 
lady  heard  hira  speake  all  this  while  and  lay  all  in  a 
swet,  not  daring  to  look  out  of  her  bed.  The  mor- 
rowe  S"^  Th.  aduised  Mr.  Archd.  who  lay  in  his 
house,  what  maimer  of  apparition  this  might  be, 

who,  as  S''  Th.  afiirmed,  held  it  to  be  an  angelicall 
apparition  and  not  a  tlialxilicall  illusion,  1  because  it 
did  no  hurt ;  2  because  he  had  the  jxjwer  to  speake 
to  it,  wheras  by  rejison  of  the  antipathy  betweene 
man's  nature  and  the  diuell,  if  it  had  bene  a  diuel 
he  would  haue  Ix^ne  no  affrighted  that  his  speech 
would  haue  bene  taken  fro  him  ;  3  because  it  ap- 
jieared  in  white  and  shining  raiment.  Notwith- 
standing which  rea.sons,  lx;ing  required  by  S'  Th. 
to  tleliuer  my  iudgment,  I  gaue  him  the  best  coun- 
sell  I  could.  I  craued  pardon  to  iudge  ratlier  it  was 
an  euill  spirit,  for  these  reasons  especially.  1  because 
miraculous  reuelations  and  angelicall  aj)paritions  are 
ceased ;  2  because  angels  ai'e  neuer  sent  but  with 
message  and  to  accomplish  some  extraordinary  ser- 
uice,  wheras  this  spirit  onely  matle  a  duiiibe  shew  ; 
3  becjiuse  the  spirit  of  Gotl  which  assisted  S"^  Th  in 
his  prayer  with  sighes  and  groanes  that  could  not  be 
exj)resse<l,  and  wonderfully  strengthncd  his  faith, 
moued  him  to  pray  against  it,  and  vpcm  this  adiura- 
tion it  sto(xl  still  in  the  ))lace  ;  4  because  it  is  a  thing 
vnheard  of,  that  an  angel  should  appcare  in  tlie  per- 
fect likeness  of  a  woman  in  her  smock  at  that  time 
of  night,  and  either  walke  softlv,  or  stand  idle  so 
long ;  when  they  haue  apjieared  it  was  after  a  more 
glorious  manner,  to  men  of  extraorilinarv  sanctity, 
at  their  prayer  or  sacrificing  in  the  temple,  and  that 
vpon  some  sj)eciall  <ind  extraordinary  (K'casion,  with 
some  praesent  effect.  That  it  did  liim  no  hurt,  as 
also  that  he  had  power  to  speake  to  it,  he  ought  to 
impute  to  his  harty  prayers  and  GckI's  speciall 
mercy.  As  for  the  ap})eariiifj  of  it  in  white,  like  a 
woman,  and  not  in  some  ougly  shape,  I  put  him  in 
mind  of  the  diuefs  transforming,  and  related  vnto 
him  a  parallell  story  in  France  of  an  apparition  of 
the  diuel  to  an  aduocate,  fleshly  giuen,  in  the  Uknes 
of  a  beautiful  woman,'  with  wliome  he  lay  tliat 
night,  and  the  next  morning  a  dead  corps  was  found 
in  his  bed,  and  he  called  in  qutestion  for  murder, 
and  it  had  cost  him  his  life,  but  that  by  dihgent 
serch  it  was  found  to  be  the  body  of  a  woman  a  lit- 
tle before  executed  at  the  greue,  and  the  print  of 
the  rope  might  he  discouered  about  her  neck.  In 
fine,  my  aduise  to  him  was,  not  curiously  to  enquire 
about  this  apparition,  but  to  examine  his  owne  con- 
cience,  and  giue  G(xl  thanks  for  his  deliuerance,  but 
especially  to  sinne  no  more,  lest  a  worse  thing  befell 
him.  Which  admonition  he  tooke  not  ill,  though 
otherwise  a  man  very  touchy,  but  promised  he 
would  think  upon  my  words,  and  my  text  also, 
which  I  tooke  out  of  the  32  Deut.  29,  '  O  that  they 
were  wise,  then  they  would  vnderstand  this,  they 
would  consider  their  latter  end.'  I  jjra'suine  to 
trespasse  no  farther  vpon  your  grace's  many  and 
great  employments,  but  crauing  pardon  for  my  tedi- 
ous prohxity,  I  cease  your  grace  farther  trouble, 

Your  graces  most  truely  deuoted 

D.  F. 





An  Anmoere  to  S'  Walter  Ralegh  his  Letters. 

I  beseech  you,  syr,  pardon  nie  for  so  late  answer- 
in<j  your  so  kind  letters.  The  true  reason  whereof 
was,  that  our  quarter  day  being  so  nere,  I  thought 
it  convenient  togetlier  with  my  answere  to  your  let- 
ter to  send  vp  a  note  of  your  sons  expences.  But 
seing  you  haue  eased  nie  of  that  labour  as  I  vnder- 
stand  by  Mr.  Hooker,  I  shall  haue  more  leisure  to 
ouersec  his  cariage  and  instruct  him  in  learning,  in 
both  which  you  requiretl  my  care,  and  gaue  me  uery 
g(Kxl  directions  in  your  letter,  discouering  vnto  me 
t«'o  of  the  most  dangerous  euills,  one  vnto  his  mind, 
the  other  vnto  his  Ixnly,  vntf)  which  he  is  subiect — 
straunge  company  and  violent  exercises.  I  find 
your  iudgment  of"  him  in  euery  part  to  be  most  true 
and  cannot  therin  but  coiiicnde  your  wisedome  alx)ue 
most  father's,  yea  the  also  of  the  wiser  and  better 
sort,  who  although  they  loue  not  errour,  yet  towards 
their  children  cofTiitte  many  errors  of  loue.  S'",  I 
cannot  choose  but  think  myself  very  much  indebted 
vnto  you,  that  vjion  other's  bare  report  you  should 
repose  so  much  trust  in  me  as  willingly  to  leaue  in 
my  hands  yoin-  onely  treasure,  which  (euen  then 
when  your  treasures  were  more  answerable  to  your 
excellent  and  well  known  virtues)  was  your  ricliest 
treasure,  and  most  your  owne,  bearing  the  image 
not  onely  of  your  Ijody  but  mind  tix).  The  lesse 
cause  you  haue  had  .so  farre  to  trust  me,  the  more  I 
iiccount  my  self  boimd  not  onely  to  keepe  safe  this 
treasure,  but  also  by  my  best  endeauours  to  brighten 
it  by  art,  and  mak  the  image  and  shapes  of  your 
virtues  more  clearely  to  appear  in  it.  Thus,  with 
liarty  and  most  earnest  prayer  vnto  Almighty  God 
for  your  and  his  welfare,  I  humbly  take  my  leaue 

Your  to  the  vtmost  of  my  power 

Daniel  Fayuecloijgh. 

Fairclough's  pupil  was  not  the  Carew  Raleigh 
already  noticed  as  of  Wadham  college,  vol.  ii.  col.  244. 
but  his  eldest  son,  Walter  Raleigh,  who  was  after- 
wards killed  at  St.  Thome  in  1617.  He  was  born 
in  1593,  and  entered  at  Corpus  Christi  college  Oc- 
tober 30,  1607,^  a  circumstance  hitherto,  I  believe, 
imknown  to  the  biographers  of  his  illustrious  father. 

There  is  a  small  head  of  Featley  prefixed  to  his 
nephew's  Featley  revived,  but  the  two  best  engraved 
portraits  are  1  by  Marshall  4to.  dated  1645,  and  2 
m  his  shroud  engraved  by  Hollar,  and  dated  1659-] 

WILLIAM  TWISSE  written,  and  caUed  by 
some  outlanders  and  others,  Twissius  and  Tuis- 
sius,'  was  born  at  Speenliamlands  in  the  parish  of 
Speen  near  Newbury  m  Berkshire.    His  grandiather 

^  [Reg-  Matric.  Univ.  Oxon.  P.] 

'  [See  Twissii  Vita  et  Vtctoria,  by  Geo.  Ketnliill  S.  T.  D. 
Oxon.  1657,  from  which  book  most  of  this  account  is  taken. 

Vid.  Am.  Poelenburg  liespons.  ad  Argumentum  Gul. 
Twissi, — cui  solvendo  ne  diabolum  quidem  et  angclos  ejus 
pares  esse  confidit.    Bakes  .] 

was  by  nativity  a  Teutonic,  l)ut  in  tJic  prime  of  hi» 
years,  he  .setled  himself  witli  his  family  (iiikmi  what 
account  I  know  not)  in  England  :  which  prolxibly 
may  Imj  the  reason  why  Franc.  Amiatiis  a  Jesuit, 
antagonist  to  our  author  Twissius,  should  say  that 
he  wa.s  '  natione  Teutonicus,  fortuna  BatavuK,  rcli- 
p^one  Calvinista,'  &c.  His  father,  who  was  a  suffi- 
cient clothier  of  Newbury,  perceiving  this  his  son  to 
have  pregnant  parts,  sent  hnn  to  the  college  at  Win- 
Chester,  where  l)eing  elected  a  child,  and  soon  made 
rijH?  fi)r  the  university  in  the  schcK)l  there  founded 
by  Will,  of  Wykeham,  was  elected  prolrationer- 
fellow  of  New  cx)1l.  in  the  year  1596,  and  two  years 
after "  (having  by  that  time  shaken  off  his  wild  ex- 
travagancies»)  was  admitted  verus  stxrius;  afler 
which  he  diligently  apj)lied  himself  to  the  theologi- 
cal facidty  for  16  years  together.  In  U)04  he  j)ro- 
ceedetl  in  arts,  antl  alwiit  that  time  Uiking  holy  or- 
ders,  became  a  frequent  and  diligent  ])rencher  in 
these  parts,  noted  to  the  academians  for  his  subtile 
wit,  exact  iudgment,  exemplary  life  and  conversa- 
tion, and  for  the  endowment  of'  such  (jualities  that 
were  Iwfitting  men  of  his  function.  In  1614  he  pro- 
ceeded doct.  of  divinity,  and  alx)ut  that  time  went 
into  Germany  as  chaplain  to  princess  Elizalwth 
daughter  of  king  James  I.  and  consort  of  the  prince 
pdatine,  where  c^nitinuing  for  some  time,  did  im- 
prove himself  much  by  the  conversation  lie  had  with 
German  divines.  After  his  return  he  exchanged 
the  rectory  of  Newton  Longvill  in  Bucks,  which  the 
society  of  New  coll.  gave  him  before  his  departure 
lieyond  the  sea,  for  Newbury  near  to  the  place  of  his 
nativity,  with  Dr.  Nathan.  Giles  canon  of  Windsor : 
where,  being  setled,  he  laid  a  foundation  of  his  doc- 
trine, and  the  seeds  of  his  zealous  opinion,  tho'  not 
improved  by  his  auditors  at-cording  to  his  wish.  His 
plain  preaching  was  gtxxl,  his  .solid  disputations  were 
accounted  by  some  better,  and  his  pious  way  of 
living  by  others  (especially  the  puritans)  of  all : 
yet  some  of  New  coll.  who  knew  the  man  well,  have 
often  said  in  my  hearing,  that  he  was?  always  hot 
headed  and  restless.  The  most  learned  men,  even 
those  of  his  adverse  party,  did  confess  that  there 
was  nothing  extant,  more  accurate,  exact,  and  full, 
touching  the  Arminian  controversies,  than  what  was 
written  by  this  our  author  Twisse.  He  also,  if  any 
one  (as  those  of  his  persuasion  say)  hath  so  cleared 
and  vindicated  tho  cause  from  the  objected  absurdi- 
ties and  calumnies  of  his  adversaries,  as  that  out  of 
his  labours,  not  only  the  learned,  but  also  those  that 

*  [Gu.  Twisse  de  S|iecnldnd  paroch.  de  Speene  com.  Bark. 
(.irhniss.  vcrum  spciuni)  liys,  Marl.  II. — h.  thiol,  doctor: 
1"  rector  ccc'liae  parochialis  de  Newcnion  Longvile  in  com. 
Buck.  2°  de  Newberie  in  cojii.  Berks.  Caial.  Sociorum 
Coll.  Niw.  O.ron.  MS.  inter  codd.  Rawl.  in  bibl.  Bodl. 
(.Misc.  130)  I'oi.  83.] 

'  [He  used  to  tell  every  body,  that  having  been  a  very 
wicked  boy,  his  conversion  was  occasioned  thus;  that  when 
he  was  a  school-boy  at  Winchester,  he  saw  the  phantom  of 
a  rakehelly  boy,  his  school -fellow,  who  said  to  him — '  I  an:i 
damned.'     MS-  note  in  Mr.  Hfbers  copy.'\ 



are  In^st  vers'd  in  controvei-sies,  may  find  enough, 
whereby  to  disentangle  tlieniselves  from  tlie  snares 
of  opposites.  The  truth  is,  there's  none  almost  that 
have  written  against  Arminianism  since  the  pubhsh- 
ing  any  thing  of  our  author,  but  have  made  very 
honourable  mention  of  him,  and  have  acknowledged 
him  to  be  the  mightiest  man  in  those  controversies, 
tliat  his  age  hath  produced.  Besides  Newbury,  he 
was  offer'd  several  prefiTments,  as  the  rectory  of 
Benefield  in  Northamptonshire,  a  prebendship  in 
the  church  of  AV'inchcster,  the  wardenship  of  Wyke- 
lutm''s  coll.  there,  and  a  professor's  place  at  Franeker 
in  Frisland.  IJut  the  tiiree  last  were  absolutely  re- 
fused, and  the  first  he  would  not  accept,  unless  he 
could  obtain  liberty  of  his  majesty  (in  whose  gift 
Newbury  was  and  is)  to  have  nad  an  able  man  to 
succeed  him  there.  Besides  also,  upon  conference 
with  Dr.  Davenant  bishop  of  Salisbury,  ordinary  of 
that  place,  the  king  was  well  satisfietl  concerning 
Twisse,  that  he  was  unwilling  to  let  him  go  from 
Newbury.  In  the  beginning  of  the  civil  war,  began 
by  the  presbyterians,  an.  1641-2  he  sided  with 
them,  was  chose  one  of  the  assembly  of  divines,  and 
at  length  prolocutor  of  them.  Among  whoin  speak- 
ing but  little,  some  interpreted  it  to  his  modesty,  as 
those  of  his  persua,sion  say,  as  always  preferring 
penning  before  speaking,  and  others  to  the  decay  of 
rSll  "^^  intellectuals.  But  polemical  divinity  was  his 
faculty,  and  in  that  he  was  accounted  excellent. 
While  he  was  prolocutor,  he  was  one  of  the  three 
lecturers  in  S.  Andrew's  church  in  HoUwrn  near 
London,  which  was  given  to  him  for  his  losses  he 
sustained  at  Newbury,  Iwing  forced  thence,  as  his 
brethren  said,  by  the  royal  party.  He  hath  writ- 

VindicioE  Gratia,  Potestatis  ac  Providcntiw  Dei. 
Hoc  est,  ad  Examen  Libelli  Perkinsiani  (Gul.  Per- 
kins) de  Prasdestinationis  Modo  <§•  Ordine,  institu- 
ium  a  Jacobo  Arminio,  Responsio  Scfiolnstica,  tri- 
hus  Libris  absoluta.  Una  cum  Digressionibus  ad 
aingidan  Partes  accnmmodutis,^  &c.  Amstel.  1632, 
[Bodi.  T.  8.  8.  Th.]  1648.  fol. 

A  Discover?/  of'  Dr.  Jackson's  Vanity,  "  or  a 
"  Perspective-^ilass,  whereby  the  Admirers  of  Dr. 
"  Jackson's  profound  Discourses  may  see  tfie  Va- 
"  nitij  and  Weakness  oftfiein,'"  &c. — Prmted  (beyond 
the  sea)  1631.  qu.  [Botll.  A.  21.  16.  Line]  This 
was  written  against  Dr.  Tho.  Jackson's  Treatise  of 
tfie  divine  Essence  and  Attributes,  but  the  doctor 
made  no  reply. 

Dis.sertatio  de  Scientia  media  tribus  Libris  ab- 

•     soluta,  &c.  Arnhem,  1639.  fol.  [Bodl.  S.  5.  1.  Th.] 

Wherein  Gabr.  Penot's  book  entit.  IJbertatis  hu- 

mance  Propugnaculum,  and  that  of  Franc.  Suarez 

De  Scientia  Dei,  are  answer'd. 

Digressiones.  Printed  with  the  Dissertatio. 

'  [This  book  is  said  by  the  author,  to  be  full  of  errata,  in 
a  letter  to  bishop  Davenant,  wherein  he  thanks  the  bishop 
for  speaking  kindly  of  him  to  the  king.    Bakbb.] 

Of  tJu  Morality  of  the  Fourth  Commandment, 
as  still  in  Force  to  bitul  Christians :  delivered  by 
IVay  of  Answer  to  the  Translator « (>fDr.  Pr'uleaux 
his  lecture  concerning  tlie  Doctrine  of  the  Sabbath. 
Divided  into  two  Parts,  (1)  An  Answer  to  the 
Preface.  (2)  A  Consideration  of  Dr.  Prideaux  hit 
Lecture.  Lond.  1641.  qu.  [BodL  B.  15.  5.  Line] 

Treatise  erf  Reprobation,  in  Answer  to  Mr.  Jo. 
Cotton.'     Lond.  1646.  qu. 

Animadversiones  ad  Jacobi  Arminii  Collat.  cum 
Franc.  Junio  4-  JoJi.  Arnold  Corvin.  Amstel.  1649, 
fol.  [Bodl.  A.  20.  3.  Th.]  pubhshed  by  Andr. 

The  doubting  resolved,  in  Answer  to 
a  (pretended)  perplexing  Question,  Sfc.  Wherein 
is  evidently  proved  that  the  Holy  Scriptures  (not 
the  Pope)  is  the  Foundation  wheremi  the  Church  is 
built,  &c.  Lond.  1652.  oct.  [Bcxll.  8vo.  B.  137. 
Line]  published  by  Sam.  Hartlib. 

The  Ricfies  of  God's  Love  unto  the  Vessels  of 
Mercy,  con.sistent  with  his  absolute  Hatred  or  Re- 
probation  of  the  Vessels  of  Wrath:  or,  an  Answer 
to  a  Book  entit.  God's  Imvc  to  Mankind  manifested 
by  disproving  his  absolute  Decree  fw  their  Damna- 
tion :  in  two  Books.  One  against  Mr.  Sam.  Hoard, 
and  the  other  against  Mr.  Hen.  Mason  rector  of  S. 
Andrew's  Undershaft,  London.  Oxon.  1653.  fol. 
[Bodl.  BS.  88.] 

Two  Tracts  in  Ansreer  to  Dr.  H.  (Hammond) 
the  one  concerning  God's  Decree  definite  or  indefi- 
nite, the  other  about  the  Object  of  Predestination — 
Printed  with  tlie  former  book. 

The  Synod  of  Dort  and  Ales  *  reduced  to  Prac- 
tice, with  an  Answer  thereunto.''  [Bodl.  B.  1.  15. 
Line,  with  MS.  notes  by  bishop  Barlow.] 

T/ie  Scriptures  Sufficiency  to  determine  all  Mat- 
ters of  Faith,  made  good  against  tlie  Papists.  Lond. 
in  tw. 

Christian  Sabbath  defended  against  the  crying 
Evil  in  these  Times  of  the  Antisabbatarians  of  our 
Age ;  sliewing  tliat  the  Morality  of  the  Fourth 
Commandment  is  still  in  force  to  bind  Christians 
unto  the  Sanctification  of  the  Sabbath  Day.  165. .  .qu. 

Fifteen  Letters  to  Mr.  Joseph  Mede See  in 

the  4th  book  of  the  said  Mr.  Mede's  works.  Ber 
sides  these,  and  something  up>n  the  Command- 
ments, that  are  printed,  he  left  behind  him  many 
manuscripts  (mostly  compleat)  of  his  own  composi- 
tion, which  were  carefuUy  kept  in  the  hands  of  his 
son '  Rob.  Twisse  a  minister,  but  what  became  of 

*  See  in  Dr.  Pet.  Heylin,  an.  l662. 

'  \^A  Treatise  of  Mr.  Col/on's  clearing  certain  Doubts  con- 
cerntng  Pradestinalion,  together  with  an  Examination  there- 
of: written  by  Will.  Tioisse,  D.D.  I.ond.  1 646,  4to.  Quaere 
if  this  be  not  what  Wood  means?  Tanner.] 

*  ril  is  Aries  in  the  original,  but  Ales  is  right.  Tanner.] 

*  iThe  Doctrine,  &c.  was  collected  by  Vostius  and  trans- 
lated into  English  by  Mr.  Barly  (B.irlow)  of  Oxford,  but  i« 
not  extant  in  print.  This  was  done  by  Tylenus,  who  died 
shortly  after.  Note  in  the  beginning  of  my  copy.  Tanner.] 

*  The  s«id  Rob.  Twisse  was  author  of  England'!  Breath 



them  after  his  death,  which  hapnecl  in  the  latter  end 
of  the  year  1674,  I  know  not.  Among  them  are 
(1)  Examen  Historiw  Pelag.  written  by  Ger.  Jo. 
Vossius :  put  after  the  author's  death  into  the  liands 
of  Dr.  G.  Kendall  to  perfect,  and  afterwards  topulj- 
lish  it,  hut  never  done.  (2)  Ansxeer  to  a  Book 
entit.  A  Conference  with  a  Ladfj  about  Choice  of 
Reliffion.  Written  by  sir  Ken.  Digby.  (3)  Answer 
to   t/ie  respective  Books  concerning  the  Sabbath. 

[82]  Written  by  Dr.  Fr.  White,  Dr.  Gilh.  Ironside,  and 
Mr.  E.  Breerwfxxl.  He  hath  also  either  answer'd, 
or  animadverted  upon  certain  matters  of  Nich.  Ful- 
ler, Jos.  Mede,  the  famous  Mr.  Rich.  Hooker,  Dr. 
Christ.  Potter,  Dr.  Tho.  Godwin,  Dr.  Tho.  Jack- 
son, and  Mr.  Job.  Goodwin,  the  titles  of  which  I 
shall  now  pass  by  for  brevity's  sake.  At  length 
after  he  had  lived  71  years,  he  departed  this  mortal 

i6l.5.  life  in  Hollxim,  in  sixteen  hundred  forty -and  five,' 
and  was  buried  the  24th  of  July  the  same  year  near 
to  the  u{)per  end  of  the  poor  folks  table,  next  the 
vestry  in  the  collegiate  cliurch  of  S.  Peter  within 
the  city  of  Westminster.  On  the  14th  of  Sept. 
1661  his  body  with  those  of  Tho.  M.ay  the  poet. 
Will.  Strong,  Steph.  Marshal,  ministers,  &c.  which 
were  buried  in  the  said  church  of  S.  Peter,  were 
taken  up  and  buried  in  one  large  pit  in  the  church- 
yard of  S.  Margaret,  just  before  the  back  door  of 
the  lodgings  Ix'longing  to  one  of  the  prebendaries  of 
Westminster,  having  been  unwarrantably  buried 
there  during  the  times  of  rebellion  and  usurpation. 

THOMAS  HAYNE,  son  of  Rob.  Hayne,  wa.s 
born  in  a  town  commonly,  but  corruptly,  called 
Thurciston,  near  to,  and  in  the  county  of,  Leicester : 
At  the  last  of  which  places  having  received  his  ju- 
venile learning,  was  sent  to  the  university,  and  ma- 
triculated as  a  member  of  Lincoln  coll.  in  Mich, 
term  1590,  and  in  that  of  his  age  17;  where  being 
put  under  the  tuition  of  a  noted  and  careful  tutor, 
obtained  great  knowledge  in  philosophy,  and  the 
more  for  this  reason,  that  he  was  taken  off  from 
various  recreations  and  rambles  by  a  lameness  in  his 
legs  from  his  cradle.  After  he  had  taken  a  degree 
in  arts  1604,  he  became  one  of  the  ushers  of  the 
school  in  the  parish  of  St.  Laurence  Pountney  in 
London,  erected  by  the  Merchant-Taylors;  and 
afterward  being  mast,  of  arts,  [in  1612,]  usher  of 
the  school  belonging  to  the  city  of  London  in  Ch. 
Church  hospital.  He  was  a  noted  critic,  an  excel- 
lent linguist,  and  a  solid  divine,  beloved  of  learned 
men,  and  particularly  respected  by  Selden.  He 
hath  written, 

Grammutices  Latina  Compendium,  an.  1637, 
&c.  Lond.  1640,  in  oct.  To  which  are  added  two 

nlop'd,  bring  the  counter-part  nf  Judak's  Miseries,  lamented 
publicly  in  the  new   Cliurck  at  IVeslmin.  30  Jan,  being  the 
Anniversary  of  King  Charles  I. ;  on  Lament.  4.20. — Lond. 
166.0.  qu. 
'  [1646.  See  Neal  and  Whitlock.] 

Linguarti'm  Cognntio :  seu  de  lAvgvis  in  Genere, 
^  de  variarum  Lmgttarnm  Ilarmonid  Ditsertatio. 
Lond.  1639.  wt.  [Hcxll.  8vo.  P.  89.  Art.  Scld.]  It 
was  also  printed,  if  I  mistake  not,  in  1634". 

Pax  in  Terra:  .leu  Tractatus  de  Pace  ecch- 
siasticd,  &c.  Lond.  1639.  oct.  [Uodl.  8vo.  H.  83. 

Tfie  equal  Ways  of  God  in  rcctififing  the  ini. 
equal  Watjs  of  Man.  Lond.  1639,  Sic  m  oct.  [Ikxli 
8vo.  B.  266.  Th.] 

General  View  of  tlie  holy  Scriptures :  or,  tfie 
Times,  Places,  and  Per.snns  of  holij  Scripture,  &c. 
Lond.  1640,  fol.  sec.  edit.'  '[BcxlL  U.  1.  4.  Th. 

Life  and  Death  of  Dr.  Mart.  Luther,^  Lond.  1641 . 
qu.  [Bodl.  F.  2.  12.  Line]  He  gave  way  to  fate 
on  the  27th  of  July  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  iC4';. 
five,  and  was  buriecf  in  the  parish  church  of  Cfi.  Ch. 
within  Newgate  in  the  city  of  London.  Soon  after 
was  put  a  monument  over  his  grave,  alx)ut  the 
middle  of  the  church,  on  the  north-side,  and  a  large 
inscription  thereon,  which  alxjut  20  years  after  was 
consumed  and  defaced,  with  the  chun^h  it  self,  when 
the  great  fire  hapned  in  London.  In  the  said  in- 
scription he  is  stiled  '  antiquitatis  acerrimus  in- 
vestigator, antiquitatem  prsematuravit  suain.  Pub- 
licis  privatisque  studiis  sese  totum  communi  bono 
coelebem  devovit.  Pacis  Ecclesia;  Irenicus  txicificus 
jure  censendus,'  &c.  In  the  library  at  Leicester  is 
another  inscription  put  up  to  his  memory,  which 
being  perfect,  you  may  talie  instead  of  the  other. 
See  Hist.  4"  Antiq.  Univ.  Oxon.  lib.  2.  p.  166.  a.  b. 
By  his  will,  which  I  have  seen,  he  gave  to  the  smd 
library  all  his  study  of  books,  except  some  few 

'  [Reprinted  in  Crenius's  Analecta,  Anist.    l6gg,   8ro. 


°  [ll  was  indeed  the  second  edition  much  enlarged;  bat 
the  original  work  was  anonymous  and  not  by  Hayne,  The 
title  of  the  first  edit,  was 

'  The  Times,  places,  and  Persons  of  the  holie  Scriptures. 
Otherwise  entiluled.  The  Generall  f^iew  of  the  Holy  Scrip- 
tures. At  London,  printed  for  Richard  Ockould.  an.  Dom. 
1OO7.  4to.' 

The  printer  in  his  dedication,  '  To  The  right  worshippful 
Sir  ,Iohn  Brograue  knight  his  maiesties  atlurney  generall  of 
the  duchy  of  Lancaster,'  says,  (The  author  of  the  book  is 
uncertain  to  me.) 

Hayne  in  his  enlarged  edition  says  in  his  Epislle  to  the 
Reader,  fo.  3,  '  who  was  the  author  of  this  book's  first  edi- 
tion 1  never  could  learn.  Sure  I  am  that  in  many  things  he 
agreeth  with  Master  Broughton.' 

NB.  Haync's  edition  was  printed  for  Henry  (as  the  quarto 
edition  was  for  Richard)  Ockould. 

For  this  note  1  am  indebted  to  the  rev.  Robert  W«tt», 
librarian  of  Sion  College.] 

<  [I  cannot  find  this  book  at  present,  but  as  far  as  I  can 
trust  my  memory,  'tis  only  a  translation  from  Melchior 
Adam.     Humphreys. 

It  was  printed  at  London  l64l,  4to :  and  dedicated  by 
him  to  the  right  honourable  Sir  "Tho.  Roe,  knight,  chan- 
cellor of  the  most  noble  order  of  the  garter,  and  one  of  his 
inajestic's  most  hon.  privy  counccll — And  an  Epistle  to  the 
Christian  reader,  and  commendatory  verses  by  Francis 
Qoarles  and  J.  Vicars.    Kennbt.] 




which  he  gave  to  the  library  at  Westminster.  He 
gave  also  40()/.  to  be  bestowed  in  buying  lands,  or 
nouses  in,  or  near  Leicester,  of  the  3'early  rent  of 
24Z.  for  ever,  for  the  maintenance  of  a  sch(X)l-master 
in  Thurciston  alias  Thrushington  or  some  town 
near  thereunto,  to  teach  ten  jxwr  children,  &c.  and 
for  the  maintenance  of  two  poor  scholars  in  Line, 
coll.  to  come  from  the  free-sciifx)l  at  Leicester,  or  in 
defect  of  that,  from  the  scIkxjI  at  Milton,  &c.  The 
'  school-master  to  have  12^.  yearly,  and  the  two  scho- 
lars six  poimds  yearly,  &c.  In  the  said  will  are 
[831  other  acts  of  charity  mentioned,  which  for  brevity 
sake  I  now  pass  by. 

[Add  Four  Letters  to  Mr.  Joseph  Medc.  See 
the  fourth  book  of  his  works.     Whali.ey. 

There  is  an  unengravetl  portrait  of  Hayne  in  the 
town  library  at  Leicester,  and  it  would  reflect  much 
credit  on  that  ancient  corporation  if  they  ijerpetuated 
their  own  gratitude  and  the  memory  01  their  bene- 
factor by  preventing  his  resemblance  from  perishing 
with  tlie  canvass  on  which  it  is  depicted.] 

EDWARD  LITTLETON  son  and  heir  of  sir 
Edw.  Littleton  of  Henley  in  Shropshire,  knight,  was 
born  in  that  county  an.  1589,  became  a  gentleman 
commoner  of  Ch.  Ch.  in  the  beginning  ot  the  year 
1606,  where  by  the  care  of  an  eminent  tutor,  he  be- 
came a  proficient  in  academical  learning,  took  a  de- 
gree in  arts,  an.  1609,  and  from  Ch.  Ch.  removed 
to  the  Inner  Temple,  where  he  made  such  ad- 
mirable progress  in  the  municipal  laws,  and  was  of 
such  emmence  in  his  profession  in  a  short  time,  that 
the  city  of  London  took  early  notice  of,  and  chose 
him  tlieir  recorder,  being  also  about  the  time  coun- 
sellor to  the  university  of  Oxon.  In  the  8th  of 
Car.  1.  he  was  elected  summer  reader  of  his  so- 
ciety, and  in  the  10th  of  the  said  king  (Oct.  17.)  he 
was  made  sollicitor-general.  After  which,  upon  the 
6th  of  June  next  ensuing,  he  received  the  honour  of 
knighthood  at  Whitehall,  at  which  time,  and  some 
vears  before,  he  was  a  member  of  the  commons 
house  of  no  small  reputation.  On  the  27th  of  Jan. 
15  Car.  1.  he  was  made  chief  justice  of  the  Common 
Pleas,  and  on  the  23d  of  Jan.  the  next  year  his 
majesty  conferr''d  upon  him  the  utmost  honour  be- 
longing to  his  profession,  by  giving  the  great  seal 
into  his  custody.  In  less  than  a  month  after,  upon 
the  18th  of  Feb.  he  made*  him  a  peer  of  England, 
by  the  name  of  the  lord  Littleton  baron  of  Mouns- 
low  in  his  native  country,  being  then  in  great  esteem 
for  integrity  and  eminence  in  his  profession.  Shortly 
after  the  troubles  in  tliis  realm  taking  their  rise, 
partly  from  the  insurrection  of  the  Scots  and  their 
entrance  into  this  realm,  which  happened  in  Aug. 
next  ensuing  (an.  1640.)  and  partly  from  the  pre- 
dominancy of  certain  members  in  the  Long  Par- 
liament, then  called  by  reason  of  that  invasion,  he 
retired  to  the  king  at  York  in  June  1642,  having 

*  Baroimge  of  England,  torn.  3.  p.  466.  b. 

first  conveyed  tlie  seal  thither.  From  which  time 
to  his  death,  which  hapjjened  in  Oxon  (where  in 
1642  he  was  actually  createil  doctor  of  the  civ.  law) 
he  constantly  attended  his  majesty  with  great  fide- 
hty.     He  was  author  of, 

Several  Speeches,  as  (1.)  Speech  at  a  Conference 
with  the  Lords  in  Parliament  concerning  tlie  lA- 
berty  of  the  Subject,  and  propriety  in  tlieir  Goods, 
3  Apr.  1628.  See  in  Jo. worth's  Colketions, 
vol.  1.  p.  528.  an.  1628.  This  with  otlier  con- 
ferences were  published  by  themselves  in  1642.  qu. 
(2.)  Speech  in  tlie  House  of  Commons  at  the  pass- 
ing oftivo  Bills.  Lond.  1641.  qu.  &c. 

Several  Arguments  and  Discourses — See  in  Joh. 
Rushworth's  Append,  p.  28.  and  in  a  book  entit. 
The  Sovereign  H  Prerogative  and  Subjects  Pri- 
vileges discussed,  &c.  Lond.  1657.  Ibl. 

Reports  in  the  Common  Pleas  and  Exchequer  in 
the  2rf,  3(7,  4///,  5th,  6fh,  and  1th  of  Kim^  Charles 
I.  Lond.  1683.  fol.  These  things  I  diink  are  all 
that  he  hath  extant,  except  his  Humble  Submission 
and  SuppUcatuyn  to  the  House  of  Lord.s  28  Sept. 
1642,  which  is  more  than  once  printed  under  his 
name,  yet  whether  genuine  I  cannot  tell.  He  was 
untimely  taken  from  this  world,  to  the  sorrow  of  his 
majesty,  on  the  27th  of  Aug.  in  sixteen  hundred  1 045. 
forty  and  five,  being  then  a  colonel  of  a  foot  re- 
giment in  Oxon,  and  privy  counsellor  to  his  ma- 
jesty, and  was  buried  between  the  two  lower  pillai-s, 
which  divide  the  first  north  isle  from  the  second,  on 
the  north  side  of  the  choir  of  the  cathedral  of  Ch. 
Church  in  Oxon.  At  which  time  Dr.  Hen.  Ham- 
mond the  university  orator,  did  lay  open  to  the 
large  auditory  then  present,  the  great  loyalty,  pru- 
dence, knowledge,  virtue,  &c.  that  had  been  in  the 
person  that  then  lay  deatl  before  them.  Over  his 
grave  was  a  costly  monument  of  black  and  white 
marble  erected  in  the  month  of  May,  an.  1683,  at 
the  charge  of  his  only  daughter  and  heir  Anne  Lit- 
tleton,' the  widow  of  sir  Thom.  Littleton,  bart.* 
with  a  noble  inscription  thereon,  wherein  'tis  said, 
that  this  Edward  lord  Littleton  was  descended  from 
Tho.  Littleton  knight  of  the  Bath,  qui  sub  Ed- 
wardo  IV.  justiciarius,  leges  Anglia"  municipales 
(prius  indigestas)  in  enchiridion  feliciter  reduxit: 
opus  in  oiiine  a-vum  Jc''"  venerandum,  &c. 

[Of  lord  Littleton  see  more  in  lord  Clarendon's 
Hist,  of  the  Rebellion  and  lord  Orford's  Royal  and 
Noble  Autlurrs.  There  is  a  very  good  large  head 
of  him  in  mezz.  by  R.  Williams  from  a  picture  by 
Vandyke,  from  which  a  small  etching  was  given  in 
Park's  edition  of  tlie  Noble  Autliors.] 

"WILLIAM    STRODE,    an    esquire's    son       ["84] 
"  of  Dorsetshire,    was    matriculated   in    this   uni- 
"  versity  as  a  member  of  S.  Mary's  hall  in  the  be- 
"  ginning  of  1597,  aged  19  years,  left  it  without  a 

'  [Who  died  in  17O6.] 
<  [Hediediniesi.] 





degree,  went  to  one  of  tlie  inns  of  court,  and  iid- 
vanccd  himself  much  in  tlie  iTiiniici])al  law.  Af- 
terwards retiring  to  his  patrimony,  and  improving 
by  reading,  conversation,  and  meditation  what  he 
had  before  obtainetl,  he  became  a  parliament  man 
for  Berealston  in  Devonshire,  for  two  or  more  par- 
liaments in  the  later  end  of  K.  Jam.  I.  and  in  all 
those  called  by  K.  Ch.  I.  wherein  he  with  Pym 
and  Hamden  were  accounted  the  chief  swayers 
under  the  notion  of  promoting  the  liberties  ot  the 
subject ;  and  therefore  I  think  he  was  once,  if 
not  more,  imprisoned,  which  caused  a  provocation 
in  him  against  his  majesty.  He  also  kept  cor- 
respondence with  the  Scots  to  promote  their  co- 
venant, was  one  of  the  chief  persons  that  invited 
them  to  invade  England,  an.  1639:  and  when 
the  Long  Parliament  began,  he  became  an  active 
and  busy  man,  and  a  downright  Iwutefeu  therein 
against  the  king's  prerogative  and  all  that  looked 
that  way.  So  that  being  generally  esteemed  a 
most  pernicious  and  inveterate  ix;rson,  he  was  one 
of  the  five  members  of  the  said  pari,  that  was  by 
his  majesty  charged  with  treason  and  other  high 
misdemeanors  in  the  beginning  of  Jan.  1641 ; 
which  ever  after,  so  long  as  he  lived,  made  him 
one  of  the  darlings  of  the  people.  Afterwards  he 
was  a  grand  promoter  of  the  unnatural  rebellion, 
did  actually  appear  in  anns  against  the  king  at 
Edghill  battel,  wherein  he  was  deeply  engaged, 
as  colonel  Philip  lord  Wharton  then  was,  who, 
after  all  his  men  had  run  away,  hid  himself  in  a 
saw-pit.  In  1643  he  became  a  zealous  covenanter, 
and  made  a  motion  in  the  house  of  com.  that  all 
those  that  refused  the  covenant  (Ijeing  certain  ill- 
wishers  to  the  laws  and  liberties  of  this  kingdom) 
might  therefore  have  no  benefit  of  those  laws  and 
liberties.  But  that  motion  being  somewhat  too 
desperate,  was  wav''d  for  the  present,  and  took  no 
effect.  Afterwards  he  became  a  bitter  enemy  to 
archb.  Laud  and  the  hierarchy,  was  very  busy 
against  him  during  his  tryal,  and  when  the  or- 
dinance was  brought  up  to  the  lords  house  to 
vote  him  guilty  of  high  treason,  this  Mr.  Strode, 
when  he  saw  that  it  stuck  with  them,  did  as  a 
most  ill-natvir'd  person,  and  a  maker  of  all  bloody 
motions,  tell  tbeir  lordships,  that  the  city  would 
bring  a  petition  with  twenty  thousand  hands  to 
pass  that  ordinance,  if  they  did  it  not  quickly, 
&c.  He  hath  extant  under  his  name, 
"  Several  speeches,  viz.  (1)  Speech  in  Parlia- 
ment in  Jan.  1641,  in  Reply  to  the  Articles  of 
High-Treason  against  him.  Lond.  1642.  qu. 
(2)  Speech  in  Guildhall  27  Oct.  1642.  Lond. 
1642.  It  was  printed  with  that  of  the  lord 
Wharton  before-mcntion'd,*  giving  an  account 
of  Edghill  battel.  He  hath  several  other  speeches 
extant  which  I  have  not  yet  seen,  and  probably 

'  [In  4to.  with  6  other  speeches  spoken  at  the  same  time. 

Vol.  III. 

other  things.  He  was  justly  cut  off  in  tJie  lieif^it 
of  his  unworthy  pnx-eedings  by  a  iieotilcntial 
fever,  to  say  no  more  of  it,  on  llic  nintli  day  of 
Sept.  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  five,  and  wa« 
buried  on  the  22d  of  the  same  month  in  the  ablK-y 
church  of  S.  Peter  in  Westminster;  at  wliich 
time  Gasper  Hicks,  an  assembly  man,  preached 
the  funeral  sermon,  shewing  fortli  his  piety,  pub- 
lic spirit,  &c.  and  I  know  not  wliat.  Hut  after 
his  body  had  rested  there  16  years,  it  was,  with 
others,  taken  up  and  thrown  into  a  large  hole 
in  S.  Margaret's  church-yard  before  the  back- 
door of  one  of  the  prebends  of  Westminster, 
12  Sept.  1661.  Besiaes  this  person  was  another 
Will.  Strode  bom  at  Shipton-Mallet  in  Somerset- 
shire, bred  a  merchant,  and  lived  several  years  in 
Spain.  Afterwards,  upon  his  return,  lie  pur- 
chased an  estate  in  his  own  country,  was  chosen  a 
recruiter  for  Ilchester  to  serve  in  tlie  Long-Par- 
liament, turu'd  out  thence,  with  other  pre.sby- 
terians,  by  the  army,  and  imprison'd  for  a  time. 
Afterwards  he  refused  the  engagement,  was  much 
discountenanced  while  the  independents  governed, 
founded  a  free-school  and  an  alms-house  at  Ship- 
ton-Mallet, and  a  free-school  at  Martock  in  the 
same  county,  wherein  divers  men  of  worth  and 
learning  have  been  educated.  After  his  majesty's 
restoration  he  refused  obedience  to  the  orders 
(especially  those  relating  to  the  church)  of  the 
deputy  lieutenants  of  Somersetshire,  and  therefore 
he  was  by  the  name  of  colonel  Will.  Strode  of 
Barrington  in  the  same  county  imprison'd.  Where- 
upon he  appealed  to  the  lords  of^the  council,  and 
obtained  an  order  to  be  bailed  till  he  should  make 
his  appearance  before  them.  In  the  beginning  of 
Dec.  1661,  he  was  heard  at  the  council-board, 
where  his  contempts  being  proved,  (his  majesty 
liimself  being  present)  the  colonel  was  by  order  of 
the  council  to  repair  back  to  Ilchester,  and  there 
to  stand  confin'a  tiU  he  yield  obedience  to  the 
deputy  lieutenants.  At  length  after  a  petition 
put  up  by  him  for  a  mitigation,  he  on  Friday  Jan. 
10.  an.  1661,  did  appear  before  the  council  again, 
and  there,  upon  his  Knees  (the  deputy  lieutenant 
being  present)  he  submitted  iiimself  with  fresh 
promises  of  obechence,  and  thercujxm  (and  in  re- 
gard of  his  present  infirmities)  he  was  di.smiss'd. 
He  died  in  Nov.  1666,  age<l  77  years,  leaving  be- 
hind him  two  families  of  his  name,  which  now 
live  in  the  same  country  in  verv  good  fashion, 
one  at  Barrington  (where  he  was  buried)  and  an- 
other not  far  from  it" 

GILES  WIDDOWES  was  bom  at  Mickleton 
in  Gloucestershire,  elected  fellow  of  Oriel  coll.  1610, 
being  then  bac.  of  arts  of  that  house  of  two  years 
standing,  or  more.  Afterwards  he  proceeded  in 
that  faculty,  entred  into  orders,  and  became  a  noted 
preacher.  At  length  being  made  rector  of  S.  Mar- 
tin's church  in  Oxon.  he  resigii'd  his  fellowship  in 






1621,  and  lived  in  the  condition  of  a  commoner  for 
several  years  in  Glouc.  hall,  of  which  he  was  for  the 
most  part  of  his  time  vice-principal.  He  was  a 
harmless  and  honest  man,  a  noted  disputant,  well 
read  in  the  schoolmen,  and  as  conformable  to, 
and  zealous  in,  the  established  di.scipline  of  the 
church  of  England,  as  any  {)erson  of  his  time,  yet 
of  so  odd  and  stranee  parts,  that  few  or  none  could 
be  compared  witli  him.  He  was  also  a  great  enemy 
to  the  schismatical  puritan  in  his  sermons  and  writ- 
ings, which  being  much  offensive  to  his  quondam 
pupil  Will.  Prynne,  a  controversy  therefore  fell  out 
between  them,  an.  1630,  and  continued  for  some 
time  very  hot,  till  Prynne  was  diverted  by  other 
matters.     He  hath  written. 

The  Schismatical  Puritan:  Serm.  at  Witney 
eonceming  the  Laivfulness  of  Church  Authority, 
Jbr  ordaining,  &c ;  on  1  Cor.  14.  ver.  ult.  Oxon. 
1630.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  Rawl.  67,  with  MS.  notes  by 
some  adversary.]  Which  lioing  unadvisedly  writ- 
ten, and  much  displea.sing  to  Dr.  Abbot  archb.  of 
Canterbury,  was  as  scuriilously  answer'd  by  Prynne 
in  his  appendix  to  his  Anti-Arimnmnisme. 

Tlie  lawless,  kneeless,  schismatical  Puritan.  Or, 
a  Confutation  of  the  Author  of  an  Appendix  con- 
cerning bmving  at  the  Name  of  Jesus,  Oxon.  1631. 
qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  F.  15.  Th.]  and  other  things,  as  'tis 
said,  but  such  I  have  not  yet  seen.  He  was  buried 
in  the  chancel  of  S.  Martin's  church  before-men- 
i64j.  tion'd  on  the  fourth  day  of  P'ebr.  in  sixteen  hun- 
dred forty  and  five,  havmg  been  before  much  va^ 
lued  and  beloved,  and  his  high  and  loyal  sermons 
frequented,  by  the  royal  party  and  soldiers  of  the 
garrison  of  Oxford,  to  the  poorer  sort  of  whom  he 
was  always  bcneficnal,  as  also  ready  at  all  turns  to 
administer  to  them  in  their  distressed  condition. 

[Giles  Widdowes  much  respected  by  Laud,  arch- 
bishop of  Canterbury.  See  Canterburie''s  Doome, 
p.  72.     WooD.» 

Widdowes  is  noticed  by  Prynne  as  minister  of 
Carfax  i»  Oxford.  Master  Nixon,  one  of  the  ab- 
dennen  of  Oxford,  among  other  things,  deposed  at 
Laud's  trial,  that  '  in  the  parish  church  of  Carfolks 
(the  principal  church  for  the  city,  whether  the  ma- 
jor and  aldermen  resorted)  there  was  a  great  large 
crucifix  with  the  picture  of  Christ  upon  it,  set  up  in 
the  window  by  Giles  Widdowes  who  was  parson 
there,  and  one  whom  the  archbishop  countenanced.' 

Widdowes  in  the  dedication  of  his  Schismatical 
Puritan,  to  Katharine,  dutchess  of  Buckingham, 
signs  himself  her  grace's  '  most  humble  servant  and 

CHRISTOPHER  POTTER  nephew  to  Dr. 
Barn.  Potter  mention'd  under  the  year  1641,  re- 
ceived his  first  breath  within  the  barony  of  Kendall 
in  Westmorland,  became  clerk  of  Queen's  coU.  in 
the  beginning  of  1606,  and  in  that  of  his  age  15, 

*  [MS.  note  in  Aslimole.] 

afterwards  tabarder,  mast,  of  arts  and  chaplain  in 
1613  ;  and  at  length  fellow  of  the  said  college.  He 
was  then  a  great  admirer  of  Hen.  Ayray  jjrovost  of 
that  house  (some  of  whose  works  he  published)  and 
a  zealous  puritannical  lecturer  at  Abingdon  in  Berks, 
where  he  was  much  resorted  to  for  his  edifying  way 
of  preaching.  In  1626  he  succeeded  the  said  Dr. 
Barn.  Potter  in  the  provostship  of  his  coll.  and  the 
next  year  proceeded  in  divinity.  Soon  after,  when 
Dr.  Laud  became  a  rising  favourite  in  the  royal 
court,  he,  after  a  great  deal  of  seeking,  was  made 
his  creature,  and  therefore  by  the  precise  pai-ty  he 
was  esteemed  an  Arminian.  In  the  latter  end  of  [86] 
1685,  he  being  then  chapl.  in  ord.  to  his  maj.  was 
made  dean  of  Worcester  (ujwn  Dr.  Rog.  Man- 
waring's  promotion  to  the  see  of  S.  David)  having 
before  had  a  promise  of  a  canonry  of  W^indsor,  but 
never  enjoyed  it ;  and  in  the  year  1640  he  executed 
the  office  of  vice-chancellor  of  tliis  university,  not 
without  some  trouble  from  the  members  of  the  Long 
Parliament,  occasion'd  by  the  puritannical  and  fac- 
tious party  of  the  univ.  and  city  of  Oxon.  After- 
wards the  grand  rebellion  breaking  out,  he  suffer'd 
much  for  the  king's  cause,  and  therefore,  upon  the 
deatli  of  Dr.  Walt.  Balcanquall,'  he  was  designed  and 
nominated  by  his  maj.  to  succeed  him  in  the  deanery 
of  Durham,  in  the  niontii  of  January  1645,  but 
died  before  he  was  installed.  He  was  a  person 
esteemed  by  all  that  knew  him,  to  be  learned  and 
rehgious,  exemplary  in  his  behaviour  and  discourse, 
courteous  in  his  carriage,  and  of  a  sweet  and  obUg- 
ing  nature,  and  comely  presence.  He  hath  written 
and  published, 

A  Sermon  at  the  Consecration  ofBarnab.  Potter, 
D.  D.  Bish.  of  Carlisle  at  in  Holbourn, 
15  March  1628,  cm  John  21.   17."  Lond.  1629.» 

'  [Who  died  at  Chirke  castle,  and  was  buried  in  the  church 
of  Chirl<e  in  the  county  of  Denbigh,  with  the  following 
inscripiiun  on  his  monument : 

M.  S.  Hie  situs  est  vir  eximius  Gualierus  Balcanquallus, 
SS.Theol. Professor,  quiexScotiaoriundus,obsinguIaremeru- 
ditionem  aulaePembrochianae  in  acad.  Cantabr.  socius  factus 
est,  et  inter  theologos  Britannos  S^nodo  Dordracensi  interfuit 
Cl()l8),mox  regiae  majestati  asacris,  XenodochiiSubaudiensis 
Londini  praepositus,  et  decanus  primo  Roffensis  (12  May, 
1624)  dein  Dunelniensis  (14  May  1639),  omnia  hoec  ofiicia 
sive  digniiates  magnis  virtutibus  ornavit.  Turn  vcro  in  Sco- 
tianse  Rebellionis  arcanis  motibus  ob.servandis  atque  dete- 
geiidis  solerlissiiiie  versatus  est,  in  rebellione  Anglicana  regt 
maxime  fidus ;  obsidione  Eboraci  liberatus,  et  in  has  oras 
se  contulit,  ubi  perhunianiler  exceptus,  sed  ab  hostibus  cu- 
pidissime  quiesitus  et  exturbaius  hiemali  tempestate  mire 
saevienle  tulelam  casteHi  in  proximo  confugil,  et  morbo  ex 
infesli  itineris  isedio  corruplus  ipso  die  Nativilatis  Christi  ad 
Dominum  niigravit.  An.  .Sra?  Chrisiianse  l645. 

Haec  in  memoriani  defuncti  scripsii  Johannes  Cestriensis, 
rogatu  viri  nobihssimi  Tlionia  Middleton  baronciti,  qui  ex 
pio  animi  proposito  sua  cura  atque  sumpiu  hoc  monumen- 
tum  posuit.     vViHis,  Cathedrals,  (Durham)  25,5.] 

*  [In  the  title  page,  IVIiereunlo  is  added  an  adverlisemeni 
touching  Ikt  History  of  the  Quarrels  of  Pope  Paul  the  bth 
with  the  Venetians.  Penned  in  Italian  by  F.  Paul  and  done 
into  English  by  the  former  ./Author.     Kknnet.] 

9  [See  Dr.  Potter's  Vindicaiion  in  A  Letter  to  Mr.  V. 





oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  U.  60.  Th.]  It  must  Ix;  now 
noted  that  a  certain  Jesuit,  known  sometimes  by 
tlie  name  of"  Edw.  Knott,  and  sinnctimes  by  that 
of  Nich.  Smith,  and  at  other  times  by  Mattliew 
Wilson  (wliioh  was  his  true  name)  Iwrn  at  Pegs- 
wortli  near  Morpeth  in  Nortliumlwrland  (hd  pubhsli 
a  book  entit.  ChariUj  Mistaken,  &c.  whereupon  our 
author  Potter  answered  it  in  another  entit. 

Want  of'  Charity  jiistlij  charged  cm  all  sucli  Ro- 
manists as  dare  ajfirm  that  Protestancy  destroy eth 
Salvation,  &c.  Oxon.  1633.  oct.  Which  lxx>k  being 
perused  by  Dr.  Laud  archb.  of  Cant. '  he*  caused 
some  matters  tlierein  to  be  omitted  in  the  next  im- 
pression, which  was  at  Lond.  1634.  oct.  [Bcxll. 
Rawl.  8vo.  232.  witli  MS.  notes  by  Abraliam  Bor- 
fett.]  But  before  it  was  quite  pnnted,  Knott  be- 
fore-mention''d  put  out  a  book  entit.  Mercy  and 
Truth :  or,  Charity  maintained  by  Catholics.  By 
Way  of  Reply  upon  an  Answer  frarrHd  by  Dr. 
Potter,  to  a  Treatise  which  had  formerly  proved, 
that  Charity  was  mistaken  by  Protestants,  &c. 
printed  beyond  the  sea  1634,  m  qu.  [Bodl.  Mar. 
218.]  Whereupon  Will.  Chilhngworth  undertook 
liim  in  his  book  called  Tlie  Religion  of  Protestants, 
&c.  which  contains  an  answer  only  to  the  first  part 
of  Mercy  and  Truth,  &c.  For  tho'  Chillineworth 
had  made  ready,  when  this  came  out,  a  full  exa- 
mination and  confutation  of  the  second  part,  yet  he 
thought  not  fit  to  publish  it  together  with  this,  for 
reasons  given  in  the  close  of  the  work.  Afterwards 
Knott  did  publish  Infidelity  unmask''d,  or,aCcmfuta- 
tionqfa  Book  published  by  Mr.  Will.  Chillingworth, 
wider  this  Title,  '  The  Religion  of  Protestants,'' 
&c.  Gaunt  1652,  in  a  large  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  C.  12. 
Th.  BS.]  Which  is  the  last  time  that  I  find  Knott 
mentioned ;  for  he  dying  at  London  on  the  fourth 
of  January  1655,  according  to  the  Eng.  account, 
(buried  the  next  day  in  the  S.  Pancras  church  near 
that  city)  no  body,  that  I  yet  know,  vindicated 
Chillingworth  against  him.  Our  author  Dr.  Potter 
did  also  translate  from  Ital.  into  English  The  His- 
tory of  the  Quarrels  of  P.  Paul  5.  with  the  State  of 
Venice.  Lond.  1626.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  H.  34.  Th.] 
Penned  by  father  Paul  Sarp :  and  had  lying  by  him 
at  his  death  several  MSS.  fit  to  be  printed ;  among 
which  was  one  entit.  A  Survey  of  the  Platform  of 
Predestination ;  which  coming  into  the  hands  of 
Twisse  of  Newbury,  was  by  him  answered,  as  also 
Three  Letters  of  Dr.  Potter  concerning  that  matter. 
"  This  Dr.  Christ.  Potter  also  writ  his  Vindication, 
"  by  Way  of  a  Letter  to  Mr.  Vicars,  toiich'mg  the 
"  Points  of  God's  Free-Grace,  and  Man's  Free- 
"  Will.  Lond.  1651.  oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  C.  314.  Line] 
"  at  the  end  of  Appello  Evangelium,  for  the  Doc- 
touching  some  Points  in  his  Sermon,  wrote  an.  lb'2y  and 
printed  1 651,  for  Jo.  Clark.  This  Mr.  V.  bish.  Carl- 
ton's son  :  vide  p.  422.     Baker.] 

'  [See  bishop  Laud's  History  of  his  Chancellorship,  page 
J  42.]^ 

"  bee  Canterbury's  Doom,  p.  251,  252. 

"  tritie  of  Divine  Predestiiuitimi,  &c.  written  by 
"  Job.  Playtere,  bach,  of  divinity.  As  for  die  oc- 
"  ca-sion  of  the  said  letter,  vou  may  Ik;  pleaitM  to  un- 
"  derstand.  Dr.  Christ.  Potter  having  preached  at 
"  the  con.secration  of  Dr.  Barnab.  Potter  bish.  of 
"  Carli.sle  15  Marcli  1628,  did  afterwards  print  his 
"  sermon  in  1629,  which  liis  aforesaid  friend  Mr. 
"  Vicars  having  jhtusM,  he,  it  seems,  iKigglcd  at 
"  some  nas.sages  therein,  yet  with  a  friendly,  tho' 
"  somewhat  veiiement  affection,  tiid  expostulate  in 
"  a  letter  to  the  doctor  touching  liis  change  of 
"  opinion,  as  he  conceiv^l.  The  doctor  for  his 
"  friend's  satisfaction,  and  to  quit  himself  of  incon- 
"  stancy,  presently  retunfd  him  the  said  modest, 
"  yet  very  judicious  and  rational,  answer."  At 
length  departing  this  mortal  life  in  Queen's  coll.  on 
the  third  day  of  March  in  sixteen  hundred  forty 
and  five,  was  buried  about  the  middle  of  tlie  inner 
chappel  belonging  thereunto.  Over  his  grave  was 
a  marble  monument  fa-stned  to  the  north  wall,  at 
the  charge  of  his  widow  Elizabetli,  daugliti-r  of  Dr. 
Charles  Sonibanke  sometimes  canon  of  Windsor, 
(afterwards  the  wife  of  Dr.  Ger.  I.,angbaine  who 
succeeded  Potter  in  the  provostship  of  the  said  col- 
lege) a  copy  of  which  you  may  read  in  Hist.  ^■ 
Ant'iq.  Univ.  Oxon.  lib.  2.  p.  124.  b.  In  his  deanery 
of  Worcester  succeeded  Dr.  Rich.  HoldswortJi 
archd.  of  Huntingdon  and  master  of  Emanuel  col. 
in  Cambridge,  and  in  his  deanery  of  Durham  Dr. 
Will.  Fuller  dean  of  Ely,  but  neither  of  them,  I 
presume,  were  installed. 

[Add  Letter  relating  to  the  Privileges  of  tlte 
Univers'ity  of  Oxford.  Printed  by  Heame  in  his 
Rob.  de  Avesbury  Hist.  Edw.  3.    Apjiend.  p.  328. 

Potter  was  converted  by  reading  remonstrant 
books.     Bakeb.] 

"  HUMPHREY  DAVENPORT,  second  son 
of  Will.  Davenport  of  Bromhall  in  Cheshire,  esq; 
by  Margaret  his  wife,  daughter  of  sir  Rich.  Ashton 
of  Midaleton  in  Lane,  knight,  was  bom  of  an  an- 
cient and  genteel  family  at  Bromliall,  or  at  least 
in  the  county  of  Chester,  became  a  conmioner  of 
Bal.  coll.  in  the  beginning  of  1581,  being  then  in 
the  fifteenth  year  of  his  age,  and  matriculated,  or 
made  a  member  of  the  university  as  a  Cheshire 
man  Iwrn  and  an  esquire's  son.  Afterwards,  be- 
fore he  took  a  degree,  he  was  translated  to  Greys- 
Inne  in  Holbourn  near  London,  where  by  the 
help  of  his  academical  learning,  the  rudiments  of 
the  municipal  laws  were  quickly  conquered  by 
him.  After  he  had  continued  some  time  in  the 
state  of  a  counsellor,  he  became  Lent-reatler  of 
his  house  10  Jfic.  1.  at  which  time  being  reputed 
a  weU-studied  lawyer,  and  an  upright  person,  was 
by  writ  called  to  be  serjeant  at  law,  an.  1624,  and 
the  same  year  Jun.  17  he  received  the  honour  of 
knighthood  from  his  majesty  then  at  Greenwich. 
In  1625  he  was  made  the  Icing's  serjeant,  and  in 
1630  lord  chief  baron  of  the  Exchequer  in  the 







*'  room  of  sir  Joh.  Walter ;  in  wliich  office  behaving 
"  himself  with  gi-eat  loyalty,  he  was  thereupon 
"  brought  into  trouble  by  tiie  members  of  the  Long- 
"  Parliament.  (1.)  For  being  one  of  the  judges 
"  that  advised  the  king  in  the  matter  of  ship- 
"  money.  (2.)  For  ordering  the  seizing  of  the 
"  goods  of  Sam.  Vassal  a  merchant,  because  he  re- 
"  fused  to  pay  the  im|X)sition  due  for  them,  &c. 
"  (3.)  For  actmg  unjustly  in  the  case  of  Pet.  Smart 
"  preb.  of  Durham,  for  preaching  a  factious  sermon, 
"  &c.  with  otlier  matters  which  hastned  the  end  of 
"  this  good  man,  esteemed  by  all  that  knew  him  an 
■"  able  lawyer,  a  loyal  subject,  hospitable,  charitable, 
"  and  above  all,  religious.     He  hath  written, 

"  Synops'i.t :  Or,  an  exact  Abr'idg'ment  of  the 
"  Lord  Cdke''s  Commentaries  upon  Littleton ;  being 
"  a  brief  Explanation  of  tlie  Grounds  of  the  Laic. 
"  Lond.  1652.  oct.' 

"  ArgurneiHs  against  Will.  Strode  and  Walt. 
"  Long,  ■who  were  imprisoned  5  Car.  l.Jhr  speak- 
"  ing  certain  matters  in  the  Parliament  tlien  lately 
"  dissolved. 

"  What  other  things  he  hath  extant  besides  I 
"  know  not ;  and  therefore  I  shall  only  say  that 
1645.  "  ^^'  '^'^  '"  sixteen  hundred  forty  ancl  five,  after 
"  he  had  been  a  benefactor  to  the  last  adorning  of 
"  the  chappel  of  Bal.  coll.  and  a  common  con- 
"  tributer  to  the  poor  and  indigent  royalists.  Where 
"  his  reliques  were  lodg''d  I  cannot  tell,  and  there- 
"  fore  being  not  in  a  possibUity  to  ^ve  you  his 
"  epitaph,  I  shall  only  tell  you  that  while  he  liv'd 
"  he  was  accounted  one  of  the  oracles  of  the  law." 

WILLIAM  LOE  took  the  degrees  in  arts  as  a 
member  of  S.  Alban's  hall,  that  of  master  being 
compleated  in  1600,  at  which  time  he  was  much  in 
esteem  for  Lat.  Gr.  and  human  learning.  Soon 
after  he  was  made  master  of  the  college  school  in 
Gloucester,  (in  which  office  he  was  succeeded  by 
John  Langley)  prebendary  of  the  church  there, 
chaplain  in  ordinary  to  K.  Jam.  I.  and  pastor  of 
[88]  tlic  English  church  at  Hamborough  in  Saxony,  be- 
lon^ng  to  the  English  merchant  adventurers  there 
in  1618 ;  in  which  year  he  accumulated  the  degree 
of  doctor  of  div.  as  a  member  of  Merton  coll.  His 
works  are  these. 

Several  Sermons,  as  (1.)  Come  and  see.  The 
Bible  the  brightest  Beauty,  &c.  being  the  Sum  of 
four  Sermons  jweached  in  the  Cathedral  of  Gloio- 
cester.  Lond.  1614.  qu.'  (2.)  The  Mystery  of 
Mankind  made  into  a  Manual,  being  the  Sum  of 

'  [\Vorrall  (Bi'J/.  Leg.  Angl.  p.  1 1),  soys,  that  there  is  an 
edit,  in  l661  wliich  profesfcs  to  be  llie  second ;  in  the  title 
page  to  which  it  is  saiif  to  be  '  collected  by  an  unknown  au- 
thor.'    It  was  again  printed  in  l683.] 

<  "  Cheshire  Fisitalion  Book  in  the  Herald's  Office  made 
"  by  Will.  Duedale  Is'orroy  king  of  arms,  c.  38.  f'ol.  28.  b." 

■■  [In  the  title  pape  he  is  stilcd  William  Leo  D.  in  di- 
vinity somciiuic  preacher  at  Wandsworth  in  Surrey. 


seven  Sermons  preached  at  S.  MichacFs  in  Corn- 
hill;  on  1  Tim.  3,  16.  Lond.  1619.  oct.  [Bodl. 
8vo.  M.  108.  Th.]  (3.)  The  Kings  Sluye,  or 
Edoni's  Doom,  Sermon  mi  Psal.  60.  8.  Lond.  1623. 
qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  J.  17.  Th.]  and  another  sennon  or 
treatise  called  The  Mercltant  Real ;  wliich  I  have 
not  yet  seen. 

Vox  Clamantis.  A  still  Voice  to  the  three  Estates 
in  Parliament.  Lond.  1621.  qu.  [B<xll.  4to.  R.  9. 
Th.]  I  find°  one  Ur.  Loe  to  administer  comfort  to 
Dr.  Dan.  Fcatly  when  he  lay  on  his  death-betl,  and 
afterwards  to  preach  his  funeral  sermon  at  Lam- 
beth, printed  at  London  1645.  qu.  which  doctor  I  ciar. 
take  to  be  the  same  with  our  author,  who,  while  he  i645. 
was  preb.  of  Glouc.  did  sometimes  siibs(;ribe  himself 
to  certain  chapter-acts  by  the  name  of  Will.  I^eo. 
He  died  in  the  time  of  usurpation,  when  the  church 
was  destroyed  for  the  sake  of  religion ;  but  where, 
or  when,  I  cannot  tell.  After  the  restoration  of 
K.  Charles  II.  one  Hugh  Nash,  M.  of  A.  succeeded 
him  in  his  prebendship,  which  for  some  years  had 
lain  void. 

[^Sermon  on  Ps.  xlv.  3.  preaclied  at  White  Hall, 
1622:  with  a  dedication  to  the  king.  MS.  Reg. 
17  A.  xl]  ^  ^ 

GABRIEL  DU  GRES,  a  Frenchman,  studied 
sometimes  among  the  Oxonians,  afterwards  went  to 
Cambridge  for  a  time,  as  it  seems,  and  returning 
thence  soon  after,  taught  privately  for  several  years 
the  French  tongue  in  this  university.  His  works 
are  these, 

Grammaticce  Gallica  Compendium.  Cantab. 
1636.  oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  M.  86.  Art.  Seld.] 

Dialogi  Gallico-Anglico-Latini.  Oxon.  1639. 
[Bodl.  8vo.  A.  33.  Art.]  1652.  [Bodl.  8vo.  W.  12. 
Art.  BS.]  and  1660.  oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  G.  11;  Art. 

Regnlce  pronunciandi ;  ^  ut  Verborum  Galli- 
corum  Paradigmata,  printed  with  the  Dialogues. 

Life  of  Jean  Arman  du  Ples.ns  Duke  of  RicMieu      Clar. 
and  Peer  of  France.   Lond.  1643.  oct.  and  other       i645. 
things,  as  ''tis  probable,  but  such  I  have  not  yet 
seen,  nor  know  any  thing  else  of  the  author. 

"  THOMAS  ASTON,  son  of  Joh.  Aston  of 
"  Aston  in  Cheshire,  esquire,  by  Maud  his  wife, 
"  daughter  of  Rob.  Nedham  of  Shenton  in  Shrop- 
"  shire,  was  born  at  Aston  ot  a  most  antient  and 
"  genteel  family,  entrcd  a  gent.  com.  of  Brasen-nose 
"  coll.  in  162|,  but  before  he  was  settled,  he  was 
"  called  home  by  his  relations,  and  being  soon  after 
"  married,  was  created  a  bai-onet  in  July  an.  1628. 
"  In  1635  he  wis  high-sheriff  of  Chesliirc,  being 
"  then  esteemed  a  person  of  gcxxl  natural  parts,  and 
"  a  high-flown  monarchist.  So  that  upon  tlie  ap- 
"  proach  ofthe  rebellion  he  published. 

Ii;  mc  I.iJ 

"  Ii;  A\c  Life  and  Death  qf  Dr.  Dun.   Featlev,   [  rinird 
1 060. f.  75.  80,  81. 




"  A  Remonstrance  against  Presbytery ;  exhibited 
"  against  divers  of  the  Nobility,  Gentry,  Ministers, 
"  and  Inhabitants  of  the  Countij  Palatine  ofChcs- 
"  ter.  Loud.  1641.  "qu.  [Hodl.  4to.  J.  16.  th.] 

"  Sluart  Survey  <rf  the  Presbyterian  Discipline. 
"  And, 

"  Brief  Review  of  the  Institution,  Succession, 
"  Jurisdiction  of  the  antient  and  venerable  Order 
"  of  the  Bishops. — These  two  last  were  printed 
"  with  the  Remonstrance  before-mention  a.  He 
"  also  made  A  Collection  of  sundry  Petitions  pre- 
"  sented  to  the  King's  most  excellent  Majesty,  as 
"  also  to  the  two  Houses  now  assembled  in  Parlia- 
"  mcnt.  And  others  already  signed  by  most  of  the 
"  Gentry,  Ministers  and  Free-Holders  of  several 
"  Counties,  &c. — printed  1642,  in  10  sn.  in  qii. 
"  [Bodl.  C.  13.  15.  Line]  Soon  after,  the  rebellion 
"  breakinj^  out,  he  was  the  chief  man  in  his  country 
"  that  took  part  with  his  majesty  K.  Ch.  I.  raised 
"  a  party  of  norse  for  Jiis  service,  beaten  by  a  party 
"  of  rebels  under  sir  Will.  Breerton  of  Honford 
"  near  to  Nantwich  in  Chesliire,  on  the  28th  Jan. 
"  1642,  but  sir  Thomas  escaped  and  got  away  with 
"  a  light  wound.  Afterwards  he  was  taken  in  a 
"  skirmish  in  Staffordshire,  and  carried  prisoner  to 
"  Stafford,  where  endeavouring  to  make  an  escape, 
"  a  soldier  espied  him,  gave  him  a  blow  on  the 
"  head ;  with  which,  and  his  other  wounds,  a  httle 
[89]  "  before  received,  he  fell  into  a  fever,  and  died  of  it 
"  at  Stafford  on  the  24th  of  March,  l)eing  the  last 
l64s.  "  day  of  the  year  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  five. 
"  Afterwards  his  l)ody  was  carried  to  Aston,  and 
"  there  buried  in  his  chappel,  leaving  then  behind 
"  him  the  character  of  a  stout  and  learned  man,  not 
"  that  it  is  so  expressed  in  his  epitaph,  but  by  the 
"  general  vogue  of  all  true  and  loyal  hearts,  then 
"  and  since  living."" 

THOMAS  LYDYAT  the  son  of  Christop.  Lv- 
dyat  lord  of  the  manor  of  Aulkryngton  connnonlv 
called  Okertou  near  Banbury  in  Oxfordshire,  and 
citizen  of  London,  was  born  at  Okerton  in  the  be- 
ginning of  the  year  1572,  and  having  pregnant  parts 
while  a  youth,  was  by  the  endeavours  of  his  father 
elected  one  of  the  number  of  the  children  of  Wyke- 
ham''s  coll.  near  Winchester  at  about  13  years  of 
age,  where  being  soon  ripened  in  grammaticals,  was 
elected  probationer  fellow  of  New  coll.  1591.  At 
which  time  being  under  the  tuition  of  Dr.  (after- 
wards sir)  Hen.  Marten,  made  great  iiroficiency  in 
logicals,  and  two  years  after  was  aclmitted  verus 
socius.  After  he  had  taken  the  degrees  in  arts  he 
studied  astronomy,  mathematics,  the  tongues  and 
divinity  :  in  the  last  of  which  he  had  an  eager  desire 
to  continue  and  improve  himself,  but  finding  a  great 
defect  in  his  memory  and  utterance,  of  which  he 
often  complained,  (particularly  to  Dr.  Bancroft  bi- 
shop of  Oxon  his  diocesan,  in  his  epistle  dedicatory 
to  liim  of  a  sermon  preached  at  a  visitation  while  he 
was  a  rural  dean)  made  choice  rather  to  quit  liis 

niace  in  the  coll.  (for  the  statutes  thereof  oblig'd 
liim  to  divinity)  and  live  u|X)n  that  small  jjatrimony 
he  liad,  than  to  follow  and  j)rosccute  the  said  situdy 
of  divinity.  Wiiat  fiu'ther  I  iiave  to  observe  of  liini 
is  (1)  That  the  seven  years  next  ensuing,  after  he 
hatl  left  his  fellowship  of  New  coll.  (which  wan 
1603.)  he  sjK'nt  in  the  finishing  and  setting  forth 
such  books  that  he  had  begun  m  the  college,  esije- 
cially  that  Dc  Emendatitme  Temporum,  dedicated 
to  prince  Henry,  to  whom  he  was  chronographer 
ana  cosmographer.  AV^hich  prince  In-ing  solely  given 
up  to  all  vu-tue,  did  graciously  accept  of  it,  and  luul 
so  great  a  resjx'ct  for  the  author,  that  had  he  lived 
he  would  have  done  great  matters  fiir  him;  but 
dying  in  the  flower  of  his  youth,  the  lu)i)es  of  our 
author  were  interred  with  that  prince  in  nis  grave. 
(2)  That  at  the  end  of  the  seven  years  Dr.  Usher 
(afterwards  archbishop  of  Armagh)  being  in  London 
found  him  out  and  had  him  with  him  into  Ireland, 
where  he  continued  in  the  coll.  near  Dublin  about 
two  years.  At  the  end  of  which  he  purf)osing  to 
return  for  England,  the  lord  deputy  ami  chanc.  of 
Ireland,  did,   u\)on  his  motion,   make  him  a  joint 

t)romise  of  a  comj)etent  maintenance  uj)on  his  return 
>ack  again  thither.  When  he  came  into  England 
the  rectory  of  Okerton  befbre-mentioird  falling  void, 
(which  he  beff)re  had  refused  when  fellow  of  New 
coU.  upon  the  offer  of  it  by  his  fiither  the  patron) 
he  did,  after  several  demurrs,  and  not  without  much 
reluctancy  of  mind,  accept  of  it  in  the  year  1612. 
Where  being  settled,  he  did  not  <mly  go  over  the 
harmony  of  the  gospels  in  less  than  12  years,  making 
thereon  above  600  serm<ms,  but  wrote  also  several 
lxx)ks,  and  laid  the  foundation  of  others.  All  which 
in  due  time  he  would  have  publishetl,  hatl  he  not. 
been  unadvisedly  engaged  for  the  debts  of  one  very 
nearly  related  to  him.  Which  debts  he  being  un- 
able for  the  present  to  pay,  (having  before  spent  his 
small  patrimony  for  the  printing  of  his  books)  re- 
mained in  the  prison  calfd  Bocardo  in  Oxon,  and 
in  the  KingVBench  and  elsewhere,  till  such  time  as 
sir  Will.  Boswell  (a  great  encourager  of  deserving 
men)  Dr.  Rob.  Pink  warden  of  New  coU.  and,  if  I 
am  not  mistaken.  Dr.  Usher  iK'fore-mention'd,  had 
laid  down  the  debt  and  released  him.  Dr.  Laud 
also  archb.  of  Canterbury  did  give  his  assistance 
(upon  the  desire  of  sir  Hen.  Marten)  for  the  deli- 
verv  of  him  from  prison,  but  Selden  who  was  de- 
siru  and  importun'd  to  contribute  towards  it,  re- 
fused, for  no  other  reason,  as  "'tis  thought,  than  that 
his  Marmora  Arundeliana,  could  not  stand  uncon- 
tradicted by  him,  and  tliat  instead  of  a  most  judi- 
cious, he  gave  him  only  the  name  of  an  industnou:^ 
author  for  his  labour.  (3)  That  about  that  time 
he  put  up  a  petition  to  king  Cb.  I.  wherein  among 
several  things  that  he  desired  was,  tliat  his  majesty 
would  give  him  leave  to  travel  into  foreign  parts, 
viz.  into  Turkey,  ^Ethiopia,  or  the  Abascn  emperor's 
country,  to  search  and  find  copies,  csixH;ially  of  civil 
and  ecclesiastical  liistories  to  be  published  in  print, 




or  whatsoever  copies  mav  tend  to  the  propjigation 
or  increase  of  gcxjil  learning :  And  fartlier  also, 
whereas  he  hatl  leiger-ambassadors  and  agents  with 
his  confederates,  emperors,  kings  and  princes  of  other 
countries,  they  miglit  in  his  majesty's  name,  in  be- 
half of  Mr.  Lydyat  and  his  assigns,  move  their 
highnesses  to  grant  the  hke  privilege  to  him  and  his 
assigns,  &c.  \Vhat  the  effect  of  this  petition  was, 
I  find  not:  however  from  thence  his  noble  inten- 
tions and  pubhc  spirit  may  be  discovered.  (4)  That 
tho'  he  was  a  person  of  small  stature,  yet  of  great 
parts  and  of  a  public  soul,  and  tho'  a  poor  and  con- 
temptible priest  to  look  upon,  (for  so  he  was  held 
by  the  vulgar)  yet  he  not  only  puzled  Christop. 
Clavius  ana  the  whole  college  of  mathematicians, 
but  also  that  Goliah  of  Uterature  Joseph  Scaliger ; 
who,  when  he  was  worsted  by  our  author's  writings, 
(tho'  he  would  never  acknowledge  it,  howbeit  great 
men,  particularly  the  famous  Usher,  held  it  for 
granted)  he  betook  himself  unmanly  to  his  tongue, 
by  calling  him  in  a  scornful  manner  a  beggarly, 
beardless,  and  gelt  priest.  (5)  That  as  he  was 
much  esteemed  by  learned  men  at  home,  among 
whom  were  Usher  before-mentioned,  sir  Adam 
Newton  secretary,  and  sir  Tho.  Chaloner  chamber- 
lain, to  prince  Henry,  Dr.  Jo.  Bainbridge,  Mr. 
Hen.  Bnggs,  Dr.  Pet.  Turner,  &c.  who  were  his 
great  acquaintance:  so  was  he  by  the  virtuosi  be- 
yond the  seas,  who  were  pleased,  and  that  worthily, 
to  rank  him  with  the  lord  Bacon  of  Verulam  and 
Mr.  Joseph  Mede.  But  when  they  heard  that  our 
author  and  the  said  Mede  were  very  poorly  prefer'd, 
they  answer'd  that  the  Englishmen  deserved  not  to 
have  such  brave  scholars  among,  since  they  made 
no  more  of,  them.  (6)  That  in  the  civil  war  which 
began  an.  1642,  he  suffer'd  much  at  his  rectory  of 
Okerton  before-mention'd,  by  the  parliament  party ; 
for  in  a  letter  written  by  him  to  sir  William  Comp- 
ton  kt.  governor  of  Banbury  castle,  dat.  10  Dec. 
1644,  I  find  that  he  had  been  four  times  pillaged 
by  the  parliament  forces  of  Compton-house  (com- 
monly called  Compton  in  the  hole)  in  Warwick- 
shire, to  the  value  of  at  least  70/.  and  was  forced 
for*  a  quarter  of  a  year  together  to  borrow  a  shirt  to 
shift  himself;  that  also  he  had  been  twice  carried 
away  from  his  house,  once  to  Warwick,  and  another 
time  to  Banbury.  To  the  first  of  which  places 
being  hurried  away  on  a  poor  jade,  was  infamously 
used  by  the  soldiers  there,  and  so  sorely  hurt,  that 
he  was  at  the  writing  of  the  said  letter  not  throughly 
whole,  and  he  doubted  scarce  ever  should  be,  &c. 
The  cause  of  all  which  ill  usage,  was  for  that  he 
had  denied  them  money,  and  had  defended  his 
books  and  papers,  and  afterwards  while  a  prisoner 
in  Warwick  castle  had  spoken  much  for  tlie  king 
and  bishops.     His  works  are  these ; 

Tractatus  de  var'iis  Annorum  Formis.     Lond. 
1605.  Oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  L.  34.  Art.] 

Prcekctio  astrojwmka  de  Natura  Cosli  S[  Condi- 
tUmibus  Ekmentorum. 

Dlsquisitio  physiohg-'ica  de  Urifl-hie  Fontium. 
The  two  last  were  printed,  and  go  always,  with  the 

Defensio  Tractatus  de  variis  Annorum  Formis 
contra  Josephi  Scaligeri  Obtrtrtationcm.  Lond. 
1607.  oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  L.  6.  Art.  Seld.] 

Examen  Canonum  Chronologicc  Isoffog-icorum. 
Printed  with  the  Defctisw. 

Emendutio  Temporum  ab  Initio  Mundi  hue 
usque,  Compendio  facta,  contra  Scaligerum  S^  alios. 
Lond.  1609.  oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  L.  7.  Art.  Seld.] 

ExpUcatio  4"  Additamentum  Arffumentorum  in 
Libelh  Emendationis  Temporum  Compendiofactfv, 
de  Nativitate  Christi  <^  Minusterio  in  Terris. 
Printed  1613.  oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  L.  35.  Th.] 

Solis  4"  Luna  Periodus,  seu  Annus  magnus. 
Lond.  1620.  oct.  &c.  [Bodl.  8vo.  L.  50.  Art.] 

De  Annis  Solaris  Mensura  Epistola  Astronomica, 
ad  Hen.  Savilium.  Lond.  1620.  21.  oct. 

JVumerus  aureus  melioribus  Lapillis  insignatus, 
Jactusq;  ffemm£tts ;  e  Thesauro  Anni  magni,  sive 
Solis   <Sf   LunoB  Periodi  octodesexcentenariw,    S:c. 
Lond.  1621.  in  one  large  sh.  on  one  side. 

Canones  Chronologki,  necnon  Series  summo- 
rum  Magistratuum  4"  Triumplwrum  Romanorum. 
Oxon.  1675.  oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  P.  158.  Art.]  Pubhshed 
from  a  MS.  in  the  library  of  Dr.  Jo.  Lamphire. 

Letters  to  Dr.  Jam.  Usher  Primate  of  Ireland.-— 
Printed  at  the  end  of  the  said  Usher's  life,  1686, 
published  by  Dr.  Rich.  Parr.  These,  I  think,  are 
all  the  things  that  he  hath  extant.  As  for  those 
many  MSS  which  he  left  behind  him  at  the  time  of 
his  death,  are  mostly  these. 

Annotations  upon  that  Part  of  Mr.  Edw.  Breer- 
wood''s  Treatise  of  the  Sabbath,  wherein  he  denies 
the  Christian  Sabbath  on  tlie  Lord's  Day  or  iht 
first  Day  of  the  Week  to  be  established  Jure  Di~ 
vino,  by  God's  Commandment. — The  beginning  of 
this  MSS  is,  '  There  was  brought  to  me  being  pri- 
soner in  the  king's  bench,  on  Fnday  evening,  3  Dec. 
1630.'  &c. 

Annotations  upon  some  controverted  Points  of  the 
Chronical  Canons. — The  beg.  is,  '  Notwithstanding 
there  l)e  divers,'  &c. 

A  yew  Annotations  upon  some  Places  or  Pas- 
sages  of  the  .second  and  third  Chapters  of  the  Book 

entit.  Altare  Christianum. The  beg.  is,  '  There 

have  been  Christians  ever  since,'  &c. 

Treatise  touching  the  setting  up  of  Altars  in 
Christian  Churches  and  bowing  in  Reverence  to 
them  or  Comnum  Tables,  and  botving  tlic  Knee,  or 
uncovering  the  Head  at  the  Name,  or  naming  of 

Jesus,  occasionally  made  1633. Written  upon 

the  desire  of  some  London  ministers,  to  declare  his 
judoment  therein  :  dedicated  to  archb.  Laud  in  gra- 
titude for  hiaTeleasing  him  from  prison.  In  a  post- 
script at  i\v  end  of  his  discourse  concerning  bowing 
at  the  name  of  Jesus,  he  endeavours  to  answer  the 
four  arguments  of  bishop  Andrews,  which  are  in  his 
sermon  on  2  Phil.  711. 





Answer  to  Air.  Jo.<teph  Mede's  Treatise  of  t?ie 
Name  of  Altar  or  dua-ioLo-l-^piov,  antiently  given  to  tlie 
My  roM-.— Written  in  Feb.  1637. 

Answer  to  the  Defence  of  the  Coal  from  tlie  Altar. 

Evaiigeliuvi  contractnm  ex  guatuor  Evangelii.'i, 
&c. — Written  in  Hebrew. 

Annale.f  Ecclesia  Christi  incfioati  secwndum  Me- 
ihodum  Baronii.  This  is  written  in  Lat.  but  im- 

Chronicon  Regiim  Jndaorum  Methodo  magi-i 
perspicud.     Written  in  Hebr. 

Mesolahum  Geometricum. 

Chromcmi  Mundi  emendatum. 

Divina  Sphivra  humanorum  Eventnum.  The 
beginning  i.s,  '  Etiam  absque  eo  foret,''  &c.  dedic.  to 
the  icing,  1632. 

Problema  A.Hronomicum  de  Solli  Eccentricitate. 
The  beginning  is,  '  Temis  Diatribis,'  &c. 

Diatribcc;  ^-  Animadversiones  Astronomicce, 

Circuli  Diviensio  Lydyatea,  Archimidea. 

Marmo7-eum  Chronicon  ArundeVmnum,  cum  An- 
notationibn.i,  &c.  This  was  afterwards  printed  in 
a  book  en  tit.  Marmora  Oxoniensia,  published  by 
Humph.  Prideaux.  All  which  MSS,  with  others 
treating  of  divinity,  mathematics  and  astronomy, 
amounting  to  the  number  of  38  at  least,  were  bound 
up  in  22  volumes,  and  reserved  as  rarities  in  the 
hands  of  Dr.  Joh.  Lamphire,  lately  principal  of 
Hart  hall.  At  length,  after  our  author  had  lived 
at  Okerton  several  years  very  poor  and  obscurely, 
iC46.  surrendred  up  his  soul  to  hnn  that  gave  it,  on  the 
third  day  of  April  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  six, 
and  was  buricxl  the  next  day  (lieing  tlie  same  day 
on  which  he  had  al)ove  70  years  before  been  bap- 
tized) by  the  Ixxlies  of  his  father  and  mother  in  the 
chancel  of  the  church  at  Okerton,  which  he  before 
had  rebuilt.  Over  his  grave  near  to  the  south  win- 
dow, and  not  far  from  the  east  end  of  the  said  chan- 
cel, the  warden  and  society  of  New  coll.  did  cause  a 
stone  to  be  laid  at  their  charge,  an.  1669.  The  in- 
scription on  which  you  may  read  in  Hist.  4"  Antiq. 
Univ.  Oxmi.  lib.  2.  p.  149.  a,  as  also  the  inscription 
on  his  honorary  monument  in  New  coll.  cloyster, 
pag.  155.' 

«  ROBERT  D'EVREUX,  the  only  son  and 
"  heir  of  Rob.  earl  of  Essex,  (who  was  beheaded  for 
"  high  treason  in  1600)  was  bom  in  Essex  house 
[921  "  without  Temple-bar  in  the  parish  of  S.  Clement 
"  Danes  within  the  Uberty  of  Westminster,  an. 
"  1592,  educated  in  grammar  learning  in  Eaton 
"  school  near  Windsor,  became  a  gent.  com.  of  Mer- 
"  ton  coll.  aljout  the  latter  end  of  January  1602, 
"  and  had  an  apartment  allow'd  for  his  reception 
"  and  continuance  in  the  lodgings  belonging  to  the 
"  warden,  Mr.  Hen.  Savile;  who,  for  the  great  re- 
"  spect  he  had  to  his  father,  undertook  to  see  that 

'  [See  Gentleman's  Magazine,  I798,  p-  lOS?.] 

he  should  l)e  learnedly  and  religiously  educated. 
In  the  first  of  K.  James  I.  Doni.  1()03,  he  waa 
restort^d  to  the  honours,  which  hi.t  father  Ix-fore 
had  lost,  viz.  to  the  earldom  of  Essex,  and  Ewe 
vicountry  of  Hereford,  anil  barony  of  Ferrers  of 
Chartley,  Bouchier  and  Lovayne,  and  at  that 
time  prince  Henry  was  plea.sed  to  be  very  con- 
versant and  familiar  with  him,  being  near  unto 
him  in  age,  but  more  in  affection,  which  conti- 
nued for  .some  time,  till  upon  a  trivial  matter  they 
fell  out.  At  that  time  Essex's  rwreations  were 
riding  the  great  horse,  running  at  the  ring  and 
exercise  of  arms.  His  other  hours  were  taken  up 
in  study  and  perusal  of  Ixioks  that  yielded  most 
profit,  not  most  delight,  by  the  advice  of  the  said 
IMr.  Savile,  then  a  knight  and  a  tutor  to  him  in 
his  studies.  In  the  latter  end  of  Aug.  1605, 
when  then  K.  Jam.  I.  was  entertained  by  the 
muses  in  Oxon.  our  young  nobleman  Es-sex  wa«, 
among  other  nobles,  actually  createtl  inastcr  of 
arts,  and  on  the  5th  of  Jan.  following  he  took  to 
wife  the  lady  Frances  one  of  the  daughters  of 
Thorn,  earl  of  Suffolk,  but  he  being  then  scarce 
14  years  of  age  and  she  13,  they  were  by  the  ad- 
vice of  friends  separated.  Whereupon  she  was 
taken  under  her  mother's  wing  in  the  royal  court, 
which  made  her  afterwards  cast  her  eyes  upon 
other  people,  and  he  conducted  by  his  guide  or 
tutor'  into  France  and  Germany,  till  time  should 
mature  and  ripen  a  hajipy  co-union.  After  his 
return  they  lived  together,  but  with  no  comfort, 
she  having  settled  her  affections  upon  a  rising  fa- 
vourite in  the  court  called  sir  Rob.  Carr,  after- 
wards vise.  Rochester  and  eai-l  of  Somerset;  so 
that  upon  pretence  that  the  earl  of  Essex  could 
not  perform  the  part  of  a  husband  upon  her, 
(whit-h  was  true,  for  he  himself  confessed  that  he 
never  could,  and  believed  he  never  slunild  car- 
nally know  her  J  certairi  commissioners  appointed 
to  take  cognizance  of  the  matter  did  pronounce  a 
divorce  lietween  them,  an.  1613 ;  whereupon  she 
married  the  said  sir  Rob.  Carr,  on  the  26  of  Dec. 
the  same  year,  as  several  histories  will  tell  you, 
and  the  particulars  of  that  affair.  Essex  per- 
ceiving how  little  he  was  beholden  to  Venus,  did 
then  resolve  to  address  himself  to  the  court  of 
Mars,  and  to  that  purpose  lie«  went  into  the  Ne- 
therlands, which  at  that  time  was  the  school  of 
honour  for  the  nobiUty  of  England  in  their  exer- 
cise of  arms,  where  he  first  trayled  a  pike  and 
afterwards  had  the  command  of  a  regiment 
Thence,  after  some  years  spent,  he  returned  into 
England,  and  thence  in  July  1621  into  the  Pala- 
tinate to  assist  the  king  and  queen  of  Bohemia  in 
the  recovery  of  their  right ;  where,  as  before  in 
the  Netherlands,  tho'  he  behaved  himself  with 

»  "  Arth.  Wilson  in  his  History  <jf  Great  Britain,  &c. 
printetl  l663.  p.  .^i5.  56. 

9  "  Rob.  Codrington,  in  The  Life  and  Death  qf  Rob.  Earl 
of  Essex,  &c.  Lond.  1646.  qu.  p.  8. 



"  gallant  resolution,  and  became  higlily  renowned 
"  for  feats  of  anns,  yet  he  became  taintetl  witii  some 
"  Calvinisticjil  principles.  Thence  returning  wth- 
"  out  effecting  his  desire,  he,  wtli  sir  Edw.  Cecil 
"  vise.  Winibleton,  took'  a  sudden  exjiedition  to 
"  Cadiz  in  Spain ;  but  matters  there  answering  not 
"  his  design,  he  returned  to  his  native  country,  and 
"  having  given  imdeniable  proofs  of  his  manhood, 
"  he  was  ambitious  to  give  some  of  his  virility,  so 
"  that  soliciting  the  affection  of  Mrs.  Eliz.  Pawlet 
'•  daughter  of  sir  Will.  Pawlet  of  Edington  in 
"  Wilts  knight,  one  of  the  natural  sons  of  William 
"  the  third  marquess  of  Winchester,  they  were 
"  married  «  at  Netley,  the  earl  of  Hertford's  house, 
"  on  the  eleventh  of  March  1630,  by  whom  he  had 
"  a  son  called  Robert,  who  dying  young,  was'  bu- 
"  ried  at  Drayton  in  Warwickshire.  With  this 
"  lady  he  did  for  a  time  cohabit,  and  it  was  but  for 
"  a  while,  Ijecoming  soon  unhappy  in  his  second,  as 
[93]  «  in  his  first  choice,  for  he  could  as  little  digest  her 
"  over-much  familiarity  with  Mr.  Udal  or  Uvedale, 
"  as  his  former  lady  with  sir  Rob.  Carr.  And  there- 
"  fore  because  she  objected  the  same  cause  of  com- 
''  plaint  as  his  former  lady  had  done,  he  was  easily 
"  mduced  to  a  separation  from  her  as  well  as  from 
"  the  former,  yet  slie  married  not  till  after  his  death, 
"  and  then  she  took  to  her  second  husband  Tho. 
"  Higgons  of  Sliropshire,  esq;  afterwards  a  knight.^ 

'  "  Rob.  Codrington,  in  The  Life  and  Death  of  Rob.  Earl 
"  of  Essex,  &c.  Lond.  l646.  qu.  p.  8. 

*  •'  Ham.  L'estrange  in  The  Reign  of  K.  Ch.  I.  &c. 
"  printed  l65G.  fol.  second  edit.  p.  118. 

'  "  R.  Codrington,  ut  supra,  p.  1 1." 

*  [Artfiur  Wilson,  in  his  own  life,  (Peck's  Desiderata 
Curiosa,  lib.  xii.  p.  ifi.)  gives  the  following  account  of  lord 
Essex's  second  wife  :  '  That  year,  l630,  we  wintcr'd  at  the 
earl  of  Hertford's  in  Wiltshire,  where  a  fine  young  gentle- 
woman, Mrs.  Elizabeth  Paulet,  then  was,  a  visitant  onely, 
of  the  noble  countesse,  my  lord's  sister.  And,  such  faire 
companie  being  acceptable  at  fetivall  times,  shee  was  in- 
vited to  stay  all  Christmas,  where  her  winning  behaviour 
wrought  so  farr  upon  my  noble  master,  that,  in  Lent  fol- 
lowing he  married  her.  I  must  coiifesse  shee  appeared  to 
the  eye,  a  beautie  full  of  harmles  sweetnies.  And  her  con- 
versation was  affable  and  gentle.  And  1  cannot  be  perswaded 
that  it  was  forced,  but  naturall  to  her  then  present  condition. 
And  the  height  of  her  matriage  and  greatnes,  as  an  accident, 
altered  her  very  nature  :  for  she  was  the  true  im<ige  of  Pan- 
dora's box.  W  hen  my  lord  had  fixt  his  affections  on  her,  I 
found  his  lordship  cold  in  his  familiar  and  gratious  discourses 
to  mee,  which  I  perceiving,  could  not  but  cxpressc  a  cloudie 
and  discontented  countenance  :  which  gave  my  new-married 
lady  some  cause  of  anger  against  mee. — But  the  lady  was  so 
irradicated  in  mallice  (supposing  my  cloudy  brow  was  con- 
tracted, because  she  shined  in  so  bright  a  sphere)  never  left 
working  and  undermining  to  displace  mee.  And  when,  by 
the  examination  of  all  my  accounts,  and  all  the  artifice  shee 
could  use,  it  would  not  be  done,  shee  fained  a  sickness  ; 
tooke  her  chamber,  and  protested,  never  to  come  out  of  it 
as  long  as  I  staid  in  the  house  :  which  I  hearing,  desired  my 
noble  master's  leave  to  depart. — So  in  July  1630,  we  parted. 
And,  within  two  yeares  after,  this  malicious  piece  of  vanitie, 
unworthie  of  soe  noble  a  husband  (being  found  in  another's 
adulterous  amies)  was  separated  from  him,  to  her  eternal  re- 
proach and  infamie.'  So  far  Wilson,  who  can  scarcely  be 
termed  an  unprejudiced  witiiess  against  the  countess  of  Essex, 

"  '  But  happy  it  had  *  been  (in  all  probability)  not 
"  less  for  king  Charles  I.  than  this  earl,  had  either 
"  his  ladies  found  fewer,  or  he  more,  friends  at 
"  court,  and  that  his  dishonour  had  been  there  re- 
"  sented  agreeable  to  his  extraction :  for  tho'  (as 
"  some  supjx)se)  he  laboured  of  an  im])lacable  and 
"  invincible  impotency  cis  to  conjugal  concernments, 
"  yet  to  others  he  had  animosity  enough,  and  when 
"  we  shall  afterwards  beliold  liim  in  the  head  of  a 
"  numerous  anny,  giving  the  said  king  battle  in  a 
"  pitcht  field,  it  may  well  be  conjectur  d,   that  tliis 
"  then  engagement  was  in  part  upon  the  score  of 
"  those  indignities,  which  he  charged  upon  former 
"  account,  so  moving  is  the  shew  of  injur'd  honour.' 
"  But  to  return;  the  said  Essex  after  he  hatl  left 
"  his  second  wife  did  ever  after  abandon  all  uxo- 
"  rious  thoughts,  and  wholly  applied  himself  to  the 
"  improvement  of  those  rules,  which  conduce  to 
"  the  affairs  of  the  church  and  state.     And  if  ever 
"  unseverer  hours  of  leisure  oflfer'd  themselves  in 
"  his  retir  d  studies,  he  would  employ  that  time  in 
"  the  perusal  of  some  serious  {xiem :  and  having 
"  great  judgment,  as  'tis  said,  especially  in  English 
"  verse,  it  was  his  custom  to  applaud  the  profession 
"  of  tliat  art,  as  high  as  their  deserts  merited,  and 
"  to   reward   them   above   it,    particularly   Franc. 
"  Quarles  and  George  Wither,  puritanical  poets. 
"  He  was  no  way  inclined  to  the  sullen  opinion  of 
"  those  men  who  disclaim  the,  and  esteem  all 
"  poems  to  be  as  unlawful  as  unprofitable.     In  the 
"  latter  end  of  Aug.  1636,  at  what  time  king  Ch.  I. 
"  and  his  royal  consort  were  entertain'd  in  Oxon, 
"  the  said  Rob.  earl  of  Essex  being  then  there,  he 
"  was  actually  created  master  of  arts  again,  and  in 
"  1639  he  was  made  lieutenant-general  of  the  foot, 
"  under  Thomas  earl  of  Arundel  the  general,  when 
"  his  majesty  went  to  fight  the  Scottish  covenanters. 
"  In  1641  he  was  by  bill  in  parhanient  made  gene- 
"  ral  of  all  the  forces  on  the  south  side  of  Trent, 
"  with  power  to  raise  more,  if  necessity  compelled, 
"  during  the  king's  voyage  into  Scotland,  when  he 
"  went  to  confirm  all  the  extorted  concessions  to 
*'  those  covenanters,  aiul  in  July  in  the  very  same 
"  year  he  was  upon  tlie  remoxal  of  Philip  earl  of 
"  Pembroke  made  lord  chamberlain  of  his  majesty's 
"  household.     But  see  now  the  mutability  of  the 
"  man,  and  the  ingratitude  of  a  wretch ;  for  he  for- 

inasmuch  as  he  dates  his  separation  from  his  inuch-lovcd 
master  to  her  endeavours  and  ill-will.  Granger,  who  had 
seen  A  funeral  Oration,  spoken  over  the  Grave  of  Elizabeth 
Countess  of  Essex,  by  her  Husband,  Mr,  Thomas  Higgons, 
at  her  Interment  in  the  Cathedral  Church  of  PFinchester, 
Sept.  I(j,  l65() ;  Imprinted  at  London,  l63()',  imputes  the 
loss  of  the  countess's  reputation  to  the  spleen  and  malice  of 
her  lord's  servants,  who  (as  he  tells  us,  from  her  husband's 
oration)  she  had  highly  ofl'cnded  by  introducing  order  and 
(Economy  into  his  family.  Consi<lering  liowever  all  the 
events  of  this  lady's  hfc>  "  's  surely  next  to  impossible  to 
suppose  tha*  it  was  the  malice  of  servants  alnne  which  in- 
flicted so  rfeep  a  wound  on  the  countess's  character  and  hap- 

•>  «  Ham.  L'Est.  in  The  Reign  of  K.  Ch.  I.  p.  118." 






"  getting;  all  foniicr  obligations  did  take  upm  him 
"  on  the  12  of  July  IGliJ  tlio  ia))tiiin  giniralsliii) 
"  of  t!iu  headless  j)ar!iauient  against  the  sovereign 
'"the  head  of  the  conunonwealth  ;  about  which  time 
"  there  were  no  less  than  four  thousand  men  tliat 
"  listed  themselves  in  one  day  in  the  Artillery  gar- 
"  den  near  London,  who  declared  their  resolutions 
"  to  live  and  die  with  Essex  for  the  safety  of  tlie 
"  ixjace  of  the  kingdom,  but  on  the  9  of  Aug.  fol- 
"  lowing  he  with  his  retinue  were  justly  proclaimed 
"  traytors:  notwithstanding  which,  he  sought  with 
"  all  diligence  to  advance  his  fellow  rebers  cause 
"  (for  so  they  called  their  Mammon)  and  his  own 
"  and  their  greedy  avarice,  by  the  hurt  and  extream 
"  damage  of  his  country  and  the  subversion  of  the 
"  public  peace.  The  particulars  of  which,  and  how 
"  he  was  sometimes  beaten  and  sonietimes  did  beat, 
"  and  how  he  lost  his  army  near  Lesthiel  in  Corn- 
"  wall,  where  they  were  impounded  by  the  royal 
"  party,  while  in  the  mean  time  he  himself  was 
"  forced  to  take  a  cock-boat  at  Foy  to  be  conveyM 
"  to  Plymouth  to  prevent  his  being  taken  prisoner 
"  or  slain,  the  common  prints  and  clironicles  will 
"  tell  you.  What  was  it  that  disjwsed  this  earl  to 
"  take  up  arms  against  the  king,  but  discontent  and 
"  revenge  for  the  injuries  done  him  at  court  about 
"  the  business  of  Simierset .''  which  stuck  so  deep  in 
"  his  stomach  that  when  he  took  employment  in  the 
"  Netherlands,  he  was  heard  to  say  it  was  time  to 
"  learn  the  use  of  anns  if  ever  he  meant  to  requite 
"  that  indignit}'.  And  having  all  the  time  of  king 
"  Charles  I.  been  neglected  at  court,  he  looked 
"  upon  the  honourable  office  of  lord  chamberlain, 
"  wnich  was  confcr''d  on  him  at  last,  not  as  an  act 
"  of  grace,  but  policy,  he  having  been  too  far  gone 
"  in  design  to  be  drawn  off  with  that  office ;  which 
"  nevertheless  he  accepted,  and  had  no  sooner  sworn 
"  his  allegiance  to  his  majesty's  person,  but  he  pre- 
"  sently  brake  it,  to  become  the  head  of  a  most  hi- 
"  deous  and  horrible  rebellion.  But  did  he  escape 
"  without  his  tennwral  punishment  ?  No  :  lie  lived, 
"  as  1  shall  tell  you  anon,  to  see  himself  cashired, 
"  and  made  a  .scorn  by  a  new  faction,  and  out-bravd 
"  by  his  rival ;  who  being  but  a  petty  knight,  robb'd 
"  him  of  all  liis  lionour,  and  carried  away  the  glit- 
"  tering  title  of  his  excellency.  Hy  which  means 
"  the  power  being  brought  into  the  hands  of  persons 
"  of  mean  quality,  they  made  their  design  ever  after 
"  to  balile  and  undermine  the  nobility.  A  sad  ex- 
"  am))le  of  the  vanity  and  instability  of  all  ix)pular 
"  interests  and  engagements  !  After  the  said  earl  of 
"  Essex  had  thrust  his  nails  deep  into  the  wounds 
"  of  the  commonwealth,  had  committed  great  spoils, 
"  ravaged  tlie  country,  and  endeavoured  to  execute 
"  his  malice  to  the  utmost  to  please  the  parliament, 
"  and  displease  his  majesty  and  the  royal  party, 
"  who  as  much  reproach''d  his  debility  as  to  the  fe- 
"  male  sex,  as  others  did  his  valour  and  conduct, 
"  he  was  disgracefully  thrust  out  from  his  high  cm- 
"  ployment  and  sir  The.  Fairfax  of  Nun-Apleton 
Vol.  III. 

in  Yorkshire  knight,  was  clapt  in  over  liix  )iea<! 
to  finish  the  work  of  iniipiity.  Whereujxm  the 
eiu-1  seeing  himself  thus  hiid  itside,  anti  prudently 
considering  that  a  new  mcxlel  in  the  main  part  of 
the  militia  must  necessarily  require  a  mutation 
and  change  of  men  to  manage  the  service  answer- 
able to-  the  minds  of  such  that  commanded  in 
chief,  it  was  thought  convenient  by  some  of  the 
great  ones  that  they  give  up  their  commissicms  to 
save  the  labour  and  dishonour  of  having  them 
taken  away  by  force.  A\'liereupon  lie  tLe  said 
Essex,  together  with  Edward  earl  of  Manchester, 
Basil  earl  t)f  Denbigh  and  sir  Will.  Waller,  three 
generals  of  the  parliament  forces,  did  on  the  .se- 
cond day  of  Apr.  1645  surrender  up  all  at  once 
their  commissi(ms  in  tJie  house  of  lords  before 
they  should  be  thereunto  required.  And  thus 
this  earl  of  Essex  having  lost  the  opportunity  of 
blessing  the  kingdom  witli  a  jieacc  when  it  lay  in 
his  jMwer,  and  to  which  he  was  courted  by  the 
king  and  several  of  his  nobihty  with  liim,  when 
he  was  inip<junded  in  Cornwall  in  Aug.  1644, 
and  seeing  how  the  pulse  of  the  times  beat,  and 
what  counsi'Is  were  likely  to  prevail,  he  withdrew 
himself  with  great  discontent  to  Eltham  house  in 
Kent.  However  in  the  Ix'ginning  of  Deeeml)er 
following,  the  members  t)f  the  headless  ]>iu-liament 
did,  to  please  and  sweeten  him,  generally  vote  him 
to  be  matle  a  duke,  but  he  refused  that  honour 
with  scorn,  and  chose  rather  to  s{)end  the  rest  (jf 
'  his  time  in  obscurity  than  to  be  a  shining  light  in 
the  nation.  A  writer  of  the  presbytcrian  per- 
'  suasion,  that  had  been  of  his  retinue,  doth  °  tell 
u.s  that  '  Essex  had  ever  an  honest  heart,  and  tho' 
'  nature  had  not  given  him  elofiuence,  he  had  a 
'  strong  reason  that  did  express  liim  better.  His 
'  Cfmntenance,  to  those  that  knew  him  not,  ajjwar- 
'  ed  somewhat  stern  and  solemn,  to  intimates  an'able 
'  and  gentle,  to  the  females  obligingly  ctmrteous : 
'  and  tlio'  unfortunate  in  some,  yet  highly  respect- 

•  ed  of  most,  happily  to  vindicate  the  virtue  of  his 

■  sex.     The  king  (.James  I.)  never  affix-ted  liim, 

•  whether  from  the  bent  of  his  natural  inclination 

•  to  effeminate  faces,  or  whether  from  that  instinct 

■  or  secret  prediction  that  divine  fate  often  imprints 

■  in  apprehension,  whereby  he  dill  fbix'see  in  him 

•  (as  it  were)  a  hand  raised  up  against  his  jxwte- 
'  rity,  may  be  a  notation  not  a  determination  :   But 

•  the  king  never  liked  him,  nor  could  he  close  with 

•  the  court,'  &c. 

"  Under  the  name  t)f  this  person  were  published, 
'  while  he  was  captain-general, 
"  Several  Letters  to  the  Speakers  of  the  Houses 

•  qflx>rds  and  Commons. 

"  Letters  to  several  Persona. 

"  Relations  concerning  Skirmishes,  Battles,  tak- 

■  ing  of  Towns,  Houses,  &c. 

"  Declarati(»is  and  other  such  like  things.     He 


"  Anh.  \Vil<oii  as  bfforc, 

p.  l68. 




"  dietl  in  Elthani  house  betore-mcntion''d  (not  with- 
"  out  the  suspicion  of  poyson')  on  Monday  night 
iW6.  "  the  13  of  Sept.  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  six, 
"  and  was  buned  in  St.  Paul's  cliappel  (nortliward 
"  of  the  cajH-'lla  reguni)  in  the  abbey  church  of  S. 
"  Peter  in  Westminster.  Tlie  magnificent  .solem- 
"  nity  of  his  funeral,  with  a  great  deal  of  state  in- 
"  termixed  with  some  new  invented  ridiculous  cere- 
"  monies,  was  celebrate*!  on  the  22d  of  Oct.  foUow. 
"  ing,  at  the  charge  of  the  parliament,  (to  which  the 
"  independants  did  very  readily  concur)  to  make 
"  reparation  for  those  indignities  lately  done  unto 
"  him ;  of  which  they  could  not  otherwise  acquit 
"  themselves.  At  the  same  time  Mr.  Rich.  Vines ' 
*'  one  of  the  assembly  of  divines  preached  the  fune- 
"  ral  sermon  on  2  Sam.  3.  38.  and  several  ele^es 
"  made  on  him,  particularly  An  Elegy  upon  his 
"  unhappy  Loss,  by  Tho.  Twyss,  ana  another  en- 
"  i\t.—-Justa  hotioraria :  or.  Funeral  Rites  in  Ho- 
*'  nour  to  his  deceased  Master,  Rob.  Earl  of'  Essex, 
"  &c.  written  by  Daniel  Evance  M.  of  A.  of  Sydney 
"  coll.  in  Cambridge,  afterwards  minister  ot  Cal- 
"  borne  in  the  isle  of  Wight,  servant-chaplain  to 
"  the  .said  earl,  and  lecturer  of  S.  Clement  Danes 
"  within  the  liberty  of  Westminster.  It  was  print- 
"  ed  at  London  1646  in  3  .sh.  and  an  half  in  qu. 
"  Now  altho'  the  title  of  Essex  terminated  in  him, 
**  because  he  ched  without  issue,  yet  the  title  of  vis- 
"  count  Hereford,  &c.  descended  to  his  kinsman 
"  Walt.  D'Evreux  of  Bromwich  castle  in  Warwick- 

'  [He  dyed,  without  bein^  sensible  of  sickness,  in  a  time 
when  he  might  have  been  able  to  have  undone  much  of  the 
mischief  he  had  formerly  wrought;  to  which  he  had  great 
inclinations;  and  had  indignation  enough  for  the  indignities 
himself  had  received  from  the  ungrateful  parliament,  and 
wonderful  apprehension,  and  detestation  of  the  ruin  he  saw 
like  to  befall  the  king,  and  llie  kingdom.  And  it  is  very  pro- 
bable, considering  the  present  temper  of  the  city  at  that 
time,  and  of  the  two  houses,  he  might,  if  he  had  lived,  have 
given  some  check  to  the  rage  and  fury  that  then  prevailed. 
But  God  would  not  suffer  a  man,  who,  out  of  the  pride  and 
vanity  of  his  nature,  rather  than  the  wickedness  of  his  heart, 
had  been  made  an  instrument  of  so  much  mischief,  to  have 
any  share  in  so  glorious  a  work  ;  though  his  constitution, 
and  temper,  might  very  well  incline  him  to  the  lethargick 
[indisposition  of  which  he  dyed,  yet  it  was  loudly  said  by 
many  of  his  friends,  that  he  was  poyson'd.  Lord  Claren- 
don, Hi$t.  of  the  Rebellion,  iii,  33,  ed.  folio. 

As  to  the  suspicion  of  Essex's  having  been  poisoned,  it 
can  only  be  regarded  as  one  of  the  many  groundless  surmises 
which  were  long  entertained  with  regarcf  to  the  decease  of 
eminent  persons,  especially  if  their  deaths  were  sudden. 
Different  accounts  have  been  given  of  the  earl's  death  ;  some 
have  ascribed  it  to  apoplexy ;  but  Ludlow,  who  was  pro- 
bably well  informed,  wys,  that  it  was  occasioned  by  his 
having  overheated  himself  in  the  chase  of  a  stag  in  Windsor 
forest.     Kippis,  Bio^rapkia  Britannica,  t,  I67  J 

'  [Ric.  Vines  coll.  Magd.  alumnus,  aul.  Pembr.  prae- 
fectus.  See  his  funeral  sermon  preached  by  Tho.  Jacombe 
Feb.  7,  1655. 

guidam  Ric.  Vines  admissus  in  col.  Jo.  1586. 
ic.  Vines  coll.  Magd.  A.  B.  l022;  A.  M.  I627. 
An.  1655,  Feb.  4,  Mr.  Vines  preacher  in  St.   Laurence 
Jewry,  having  the  day  before  preached  and  given  the  sacra- 
ment, died  this  morning.    Mr.  Ric.  Smith's  Obituary.     BA- 

"  shire,  and  his  lands  fell  in  partition  between  the 
"  latly  Frances  the  c<msort  of  Will,  duke  of  Somerset 
"  his  sister,  and  sir  Rob.  Shirley  baronet,  his  ne- 
"  phew,  by  the  lady  Dorothy  his  other  sister,  as  his 
"  heirs  general.     When  the  said   Robert   earl   of 
"  Essex  had  his  commission  given  to  him  by  the 
"  parliament  to  be  captain  general  of  the  forces  to 
"  fight  a^inst  their  king,  these  nobility  following 
"  received  commissions  also,  viz.  Will.  Rus.sel  can 
"  of  Bedford  to  be  lieutenant-general  or  general  of 
"  the  horse.    In  his  old  age  he  was  created  duke  of 
"  Bedford  by  king  Will.  III.  and  qu.  Mary.  John 
"  Mordant  earl  of  Peterborough  to  he  general  of 
"  the  ordnance ;  and  these  following  to  be  colonels, 
"  viz.    Henry  Grey   earl   of  Stanford;    Nathaniel 
"  Fiennes  viscount  Say  and  Seal ;  Joh.  Carey  lord 
"  Rochford  afterwards  earl  of  Dover;  Oliver  lord 
"  St.  Johns  eldest  son  of  the  carl  of  l^olinbrook ; 
"  Rob.  Grevill  lord  Brook ;  Henry  lord  Mandevill 
*'  (son  of  Henry  earl  of  IVIanchester) ;  John  lord 
"  Rolx?rts,  afterwards  carl  of  Ratlnor ;  Basil  lord 
"  Feilding,  afterwards  earl  of  Denbigh  ;   PhUip  lord 
"  Wharton  ;  William  lord  Willoughby  of  Parham ; 
"  Tho.  Grey  lord  Groby,  eldest  son  of  Henry  earl 
"  of  Stanford. — He  was  afterwards  a  recruiter  for 
"  Leicester  to  sit  in  the  long  parliament,  one  of 
"  the  judges  that  sate  when  K.  Ch.  I.  was  sentenced 
"  to  be  beheatled,   but  being  afterwards  troubled 
"  with  the  stone,  his  unskilful   chirurgeon   in  the 
"  cutting  him  for  the  taking  it  out  of  his  bladder  at 
"  Wilthorp  in  Northamptonshire  near  Stanford,  an. 
"  1657,  preposterously  proved  his  best  fi-iend,  by 
"  preventing  a  worse  catastrophe  that  seemed  to 
"  threaten  him,  had  he  lived  three  years  longer. 
"  The  next  that  was  made  a  colonel  was  Ferdi- 
"  nando  lord  Hastings,  who  on  the  16  of  Nov.  1640 
"  had  been  summoned  to  sit  in  parliament  among 
"  the  barons,  and  after  his  father's  death  became 
"  earl  of  Huntingdon ;  Will,  lord  Grey  of  Wark  ; 
"  and  Philip  Sydney  viscount  Lisle,  eldest  son  of 
"  Robert  earl  of  Leicester.     This  last  person  (a 
"  Middlesex  man  bom)  who  had  been  bred  in  Ch. 
"  Ch.  in  this  university,  became  afterwards  a  par- 
"  liament  man  for  Yarmouth  in  Hampshire  to  serve 
"  in  the  long  parliament,  and  in  1643  I  find  him  an 
"  active  man  in  Ireland  against  the  rebels.     After- 
"  wards,  because  of  his  knowledge  of  that  kingdom, 
"  he  was  according  to  the  unanimous  votes  in  par- 
"  liament  made  governor  or  lord  deputy  thereof  in 
"  the  latter  end  of  1645,  went  thither  in  person  in 
"  the  beginning  of  March  1646,  did  some  service 
"  for  the  cause  there,  returned  in  May  1647,  and 
"  in  the  year  following  was  nominated  one  of  the 
"  judges  for  the  trial  of  king  Charles  I.  but  he  did 
"  not  sit  when  sentence  passed  upon  him.     About  a 
"  fortnight  after  his  decollation,  he  was  nominated 
"  one  of  the  council  of  state,  as  he  was  in  the  year 
"  following,  was  a  parliament  man  for  Kent  to  serve 
"  in  the  little,  alias  Barbones,  parliament,  was  of  the 
"  privy-council  to  Oliver,  who  made  him  one  of  his 




['96J  "  lords,  alias  one  of  the  loi-ds  of  llie  other  house, 
"  and  '  liavin<f'  learned  so  niueh  l)y  changin;^  with 
"  every  ehange,  and  keeping  still  (like  his  father  in 
"  law  William  earl  of  Salisbury  and  I'eter  Sterry 
"  tlie  minister)  on  that  side  whieh  had  proved 
"  trump,  nothing  need  farther  be  said  of  his  fitness 
"  (being  such  a  man  of  principles)  to  be  taken  out 
"  of  the  parliament  to  have  a  setled  negative  voice 
"  in  the  other  house,  over  all  the  g(X)d  people  of  the 
"  land,  he  being  lord  of  the  old  stamp  already,  and 
"  in  time  likely  to  become  a  peer,'  &c.  Edward 
"  lord  Kimbolton  afterwards  earl  of  Manchester, 
"  did  take  a  commission  also  to  be  a  colonel,  and 
"  afterwards  general  of  the  associated  counties,  as  I 
"  shall  tell  you  elsewhere." 

[Laztjes  and  Ord'mances  of  Warre,  established 
for  the  better  Conduct  of  the  Army  by  his  Excel- 
lency the  Earle  of  Essex,  Lord  Generall  of  the 
Forces  raised  by  the  Authority  of  Parliamient  for 
the  Defence  of  the  Kirnf  and  Kingdom.  Lond. 
1642,  4to. 

Two  Letters  to  Henry  Prince  of  Wales,  in  Birch's 
Life  of  that  prince. 

Address  to  his  Army  in  Sept.  1642.  In  the  Par- 
liamentary HlHory  XI,  437,  reprinted  in  the  Bio- 
graphia  Britannica. 

There  are  several  curious,  as  well  as  rare,  por- 
traits of  Essex,  but  I  shall  only  mention 

1.  From  Dobson,  engraved  by  Faithome,  large. 

2.  By  Hollar,  on  horseback,  1643.  large. 

3.  By  Stent,  large. 

4.  By  Glover,  in  4to.] 

WALTER  RALEIGH  second  son  of  sir  Ca- 
rew  Raleigh  of  Downton  in  Wilts  knight,  (by  Do- 
rothy his  wife  daugh.  of  Will.  Wroughton  of 
Broadhinton  in  the  same  county,  relict  of  sir  Job. 
Thynne  knight)  elder  brother  to  the  famous  sir 
Walter  Raleigh,  and  both  the  sons  of  Walter  Ra- 
leigh of  Furdell  or  Fardell  in  Devon  esq;  was  born 
at  Downton  before-mention'd,  educated  in  grammar 
learning  in  Wykeham's  school  near  Winchester, 
became  a  commoner  of  Magd.  coll.  in  Mich,  term 
1602  (ult.  Eliz.)  being  then  l6  years  of  age.  After- 
wards proceeding  in  arts,  he  was  thought  worthy, 
being  a  noted  disputant,  to  undergo  the  office  of 
junior  of  the  act  celebrated  in  1608.  About  that 
time  taking  holy  orders,  he  became  chaplain  to  that 
most  noble  count  William  earl  of  Pembroke,  in 
whose  family  spending  some  time,  had  the  rectory 
of  Chedsey  near  Bridgwater  in  Somersetshire  con- 
ferred upon  him  on  the  death  of  George  Mount- 
gomery,  m  the  latter  end  of  1620,  and  afterwards  a 
minor  prebendship  in  the  church  of  Wells,  and  the 
rectory  of  Streat  with  the  chappel  of  Walton  in  the 
same  county.     Much  about  the  time  of  the  lament- 

'  "  The  second  Narrative  of  the  late  Parliament  (so  call- 
"  edj  &c.      Loiwl.  1658.  qii.  p.  ts.  16. 

'  "  Ask  his  late  wife's  sisler  called  Mary,  wife  of  Will. 
"  lord  Sandys." 

ed  death  of  the  said  count,  he  became  one  of  the 
clui|)lains  in  ord.  to  king  Ch;u-les  I.  and  Ijy  that  title 
he  was  actually  created  D.  of  I),  in  163a  On  the 
13  of  January  1641  he  was  admitted  dean  of  Wells 
on  the  death  of  Dr.  George  Warburton,  and  on  the 
breaking  out  of  the  rebellion  soon  after,  (which  hin- 
dred  his  farther  advance  in  the  church)  he  was  jier- 
secuted,  plimder'd,  and  forced  to  abscond  for  his 
loyalty  to  his  prince.  At  length  being  taken  pri- 
soner at  Bridgwater  by  the  rebels  21  Jul.  1645,  he 
was  sent  to  Banwell  house  as  a  captive,  and  ttfter 
several  removes  to  his  own  at  Wells,  where  being 
committed  to  the  custody  of  a  shoe-maker  (David 
Barret  a  constable  of  that  city)  by  the  committee  of 
the  county  of  Somerset,  was  treated  by  him  far  be- 
neath his  quality  and  function.  Soon  after  having 
occa.sion  to  write  a  letter  to  his  wife,  the  rude  keeper 
endeavoured  to  take  it  from  him  and  read  it,  sup- 
posing it  might  be  a  letter  of  intelligence  to  be  sent 
to  some  noted  cavalier.  But  the  doctor  preventing 
his  sauciness,  the  keeper  thrust  his  sword  into  his 
groyn,  shedding  his  mood  as  the  blood  of  a  dog ; 
of  which  wound  he  died  about  six  weeks  after  to  the 
great  grief  of  the  loyal  party.  His  papers  after  his 
death,  such  as  could  be  kept,  were  for  more  than 
30  years  reserved  in  obscurity.  At  length  they 
coming  into  the  hands  of  the  worthy  and  leamecl 
Dr.  Simon  Patrick,  then  rector  of  S.  Paul  in  Covent- 
garden,  preb.  of  Westm.  and  dean  of  Peterborough, 
(now  bish.  of  Ely)  he  viewed,  amende<l,  and  me- 
thodized them ;  which  being  done  they  were  made 
public  under  this  title : 

Reliquicc  Raleighanoe.  Being  Discourses  and 
Sermons  on  several  Subjects.  Lond.  1679.  qu. 
[Bodl.  A.  5.  18.  Line.']  The  number  of  sermons 
are  13.  What  other  things  he  left  worthy  of  pub- 
lication were  kept  in  Dr.  Charles  Gibbes's  hands, 
(whose  sister  Mary  our  author  had  married^  but 
whether  any  of  them  are  yet  made  public  I  Know 
not.  'Tis  said  that  he  wrote  a  Tract  of  Millcnia-,  he  having  for  some  time  been  much  addicted 
to  that  opmion ;  but  that,  as  I  have  been  informed,  [971 
was  long  since  lost.  Those  that  remember  him, 
have  often  said  that  he  was  a  person  not  only  of 
genteel  behaviour,  but  of  great  wit  and  elocution,  a 
good  orator  and  a  master  of  a  strong  reason,  which 
won  him  the  familiarity  and  friendship  of  tliose 
great  men,  who  were  the  envy  of  the  last  age,  and 
wonder  of  this;  viz.  Lucius  lord  Falkland,  Dr. 
Hen.  Hammond  and  Mr.  Will.  Chillingworth.  The 
last  of  which  was  wont  to'  say,  that  Dr.  Raleigh 
was  the  best  di.sputant  that  ever  he  met  withal.  He 
departed  this  mortal  life  on  the  tenth  day  of  Octob. 
(lieing  Saturday)  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  six,  i646. 
and  was  buried  on  the  thirteenth  of  the  same  month 
before  the  dean's  stall  in  the  choire  of  the  cath.  ch. 
of  S.  Andrew  in  Wells.  Over  his  grave  is  not  yet 
an  inscription,  only  a  rough  marble  stone,  which 

"  rVVilh  many  MS.  notes  by  bishop  Barlow.] 
'  Pref.  to  RcUq.  Raleigh,  by  Sim.  Patrick  D.  D. 





had  probably  been  laid  there  many  years  Ix^fore  the 
dtK^tor's  death.  One  Standish  a  clerjfy  \ncar  of  that 
cathedral  was  afterwards  questioned  by  the  aforesaid 
committee  for  burying  him  in  the  church  ;  and  his 
deatli  being  soon  after  caU'd  into  question  at  an  as- 
size or  sessions,  there  was  a  jury  of  rebels  that 
brought  in  his  murder  either  Ignoramus,  or  at  least 
but  man-slaughter ;  for  they  said  that  the  doctor  to 
shim  the  keeper's  reading  of"  a  letter  which  he  wrote 
to  his  wife,  ran  upon  the  keeper's  sword,  &c.  Much 
alM)ut  that  time  the  committee  turned  the  doctor's 
wife  and  children  out  of  doors,  and  his  son  (as  'tis  ■* 
said)  was  li)rced  to  fly  the  country,  for  that  he  would 
have  farther  prosecutetl  the  law  against  the  mur- 
derer of  his  father. 

MATTHIAS  PRIDEAUX  son  of  Dr.  Joh. 
Prideaux,  rector  of  Exeter  coll.  was  bom  in  S.  Mi- 
chael's parish  in  Oxon  in  the  month  of  Aug.  1622, 
became  a  sojourner  of  the  said  coll.  in  the  beginning 
of  the  year  1640,  was  elected  fellow  .soon  after,  took 
the  degree  of  bach,  of  arts  in  1644,  and  in  the  year 
following,  he,  by  the  name  of  Captain  Matthias  Pri- 
deaux, was,  by  virtue  of  the  chancellor's  letters,  ac- 
tually created  master  of  arts.  Under  the  name  of 
this  person  was  publish'd  after  hi.s  death, 

All  easy  and  compendicnui  Introdttctionfor  Read- 
ing of  all  Sorts  of  Histories.  Oxon.  1648.  qu. 
[Bodi.  4to.  P.  77.  Th.]  There  again  1655.  (pi. 
[Bodl.  A.  2.  16.  Line]  To  which  is  added  A  Sy- 
nopsis of  the  Councils,  written  by  the  father  of  tne 
author  Matthias,  who,  as  'tis  said,  had  a  considerable 
hand  in  the  Easy  and  Cinnp.  Introd.  This  Mat- 
thias Prideaux  who  was  esteemed  by  liis  contempo- 
raries an  ingenious  man,  died  at  London  of  the 
small  pox  in  sixteen  himdred  forty  and  six,  or  there- 
abouts, to  which  place  he  receded  after  the  surrender 
of  the  garri.son  of  Oxon  to  the  forces  under  the  com- 
mand of  the  parliament.  He  had  written  one  or 
more  trite  things,  but  were  never  published. 

«'  HENRY  SOMERSET  son  and  heir  of  Ed- 
"  ward  earl  of  Worcester,  lineally  descended  from  • 
"  Charles  Somerset  earl  of  Worcester,  natural  son 
"  of  Henry  Beaufort  duke  of  Somerset,  great  grand- 
"  son  of  John  of  Gaunt  duke  of  Lancaster,  fourth 
"  son  of  K.  Edw.  III.  became  a  nobleman,  with  his 
"  elder  brother  William,  of  Magd.  coll.  in  the  liegin- 
"  ning  of  1591,  and  were  soon  after  thus  matncu- 
"  lated  or  made  members  of  the  university.  '  Gu- 
"  lielmus,  dominus  Herbert,  comitis  filius,  natus  in 
"  comitatu  Hereford,  an.  aetatis  15.'  After  whom 
"  immediately  follows  Henry  thus :  '  Henricus  So- 
"  merset  comitis  fil.  natus  in  com.  Hereford,  an.  aet. 
"  14.'  Afterwards,  in  1593,  Thomas  his  younger 
"  brother  was  matriculated  and  in  1605  Charles  and 
"  Edward  Somerset,  two  younger  than   Thomas, 

were  matriculated  also,  all  as  members  of  Ma^d. 
coll.  After  Henry  Somerset,  whom  we  are  farther 
to  mention,  hat!  sjx'nt  two  or  more  years  in  the 
said  coll.  he  was  called  home,  and  thence  sent  to 
travel  into  France,  Italy,  &c.  where,  I  presume, 
he  changed  his  religion  for  that  of  Rome,  and  was 
not  l)orn  or  bre<l  a  R.  Catholic  as  some  report :  for 
the  truth  is,  if  his  own  words  may  be  believ'd,  he 
was  not,  as  in  one  of  his  apophthegms  ^  it  doth  a[V 
pear  thus:  '  It  was  told  me  by  some  of  them 
before  ever  I  was  a  Catholick,  that,'  8cc.  See 
more  in  the  conclusion  of  this  discourse.  After- 
terwards,  his  elder  brother  before-mention'd  dying 
unmarried,  he  became  lord  Herbert  of  Ragland, 

'  and  when  his  father  died,  earl  of  Worcester,  an. 

■  1627 ;  to  which  honour  he  became  a  great  oma- 

•  ment  and  glory,  and  was  therefore  Ix'loved  and 
'  adored  by  all  generous  and  virtuous  men.     After- 

•  wards  livmg  mostly  at  Ragland  in  Monmoutlishire, 
'  did  little  or  not  at  all  frequent  the  royal  court, 
'  but  as  a  plain  man,  especially  in  his  apparel,  lived 
'  very  hospitably  there,  and  at  otlier  of  his  seats, 
'  kept  a  well-regulated  family  altogether  free  from 
'  swearing  and  drunkenness,  was  exceeding  chari- 
'  table  Ixith  in  word  and  action,  a  good  landlord,  a 
'  loving  neighbour,  a  great  compromiser,  a  wise 
'  man,  and  above  all  a  jx?rson  of  great  and  sincere 
'  religion.  He  was  so  devout  and  used  prayer  so 
'  much  that  you  should  never  see  his  closet  door 
'  open,  but  you  might  f)erceive  he  had  been  weep- 
'  ing,  which  he  would  endeavour  to  conceal  by 
'  wiping  his  eyes,  but  he  could  never  wipe  away 
'  either  the  swelling  or  the  redness  of  them.  This 
'  person,  who  was  of  a  most  noble  and  generous 
'  di.sposition,  ample  fortune,  and  of  perfect  loyalty, 
'  did  manifest  his  dutiful  affections  to  king  Charles 
'  I.  (of  blessed  memory)  by  very  large  supplies 
'  when  the  predominant  party  in  the  Long  parlia- 
'  ment  had  reduced  him  to  extream  necessities.  In 
'  consideration  whereof,  and  of  his  personal  merits, 
'  he  was  by  letters  patents  bearing  date  at  Oxon  2 
'  Nov.  1642,  advanced  to  the  title  of  marquiss  of 
'  Worcester.  Afterwards  he  retiretl  to  his  seat  at 
'  Ragland,  lived  there,  used  little  hostilitv,  untill 
'  such  time  he  was  provoketl  within  the  pales  of  his 
'  own  park  :  and  then  fortifying  that  plfice,  kept  it 
'  for  his  and  the  king's  use,  but  never  gathered  any 
'  contribution  from  the  country  adjacent,  but  paid 
'  the  soldiers  of  his  garrison  out  of  his  privy  purse. 
'  While  he  was  in  this  condition  he  had  occasion  to 
'  fly  from  a  tlanger  with  a  gentler  and  softer  foot 
'  than  it  made  after  him  :  Whose  condition  so  dan- 
'  gerous,  was  the  more  desperate,  because  he  was 
'  unsensible  of  the  approach  of  any  enemy,  and  his 
'  security  the  sooner  wrought,  because  intelligence 

'  had  not  given  the  enemy  any  information  how 
'  near  they  were  unto  him.     It  was  then  the  hap 


♦  Merc.  Rusticut,  or  England's  Ruin,  Sic. 
at  the  end. 

Printed  l647,         *  "   JVorcesler's   Apophthegms,  printed  in   l650.  p.   118. 
"  Apopbtheg.  bQ." 




"  and  fortune  of  one  Ur.  Tho.  Bayly  a  great  loyal- 
"  ist,  to  meet  with  this  nobleman  in  this  condition 
"  on  the  Welsh  moiuitains  ;  at  wliich  time  lie  ditl 
"  first  inform  liimself  and  then  his  lordship  of  the 
"  one,  and  afterwards  his  lordship  of  the  other  par- 
"  ticular,  as  also  of  the  rub  that  he  had  cast  in  the 
"  way,  that  had  turn'd  aside  the  bowl  that  was  run- 
"  ning  so  fairly  towards  the  mark.  After  the 
"  doctor  had  told  this  noble  marquiss  all  the  parti- 
"  culars  that  he  had  done,  and  what  he  farther 
"  meant  to  do,  in  order  to  his  preservation,  the  mar- 
"  quiss  with  a  composed  countenance,  (wherein  you 
"  might  liave  read  not  the  least  perturbation  of 
"  mind)  gave  him  this  language,  '  sir,  it  is  fit  you 
"  should  liave  your  reward ;  I  am  yours,  and  (em- 
"  bracing  the  doctor)  now  I  put  you  in  full  posses- 
"  sion  of  your  own,  I  pray  dispose  of  me  as  you 
"  please.'  This  was  the  first  time  that  the  doctor 
"  had  the  happiness  to  be  acquainted  with  this 
"  heroic  marquiss ;  from  which  time  forward,  until 
"  the  time  that  he  laid  him  in  his  grave  at  Wind.sor, 
"  he  never  parted  from  him,  but  adhered  to  him  in 
"  Ragland  all  the  while  it  was  kept  by  the  marquiss 
"  as  a  garrison  for  the  king.  Alter  the  fatal  battel 
"  at  Naseby  his  majesty  took  his  rambles  into  Wales, 
"  and  in  July  1645  he  lodgetl  in  Ragland  ca-stle  12 
"  nights,  and  in  Sept.  following  7  nights.  In  which 
k  *'  times  the  king,  as  'tis  said,  had  several  discourses 
"  with  the  marquiss  alx)ut  matters  of  religion ; 
'*  which  being  observed  and  taken  by  the  said  Dr. 
"  Bayly,  were  by  him,  after  the  marquiss's  death, 
"  published  under  this  title, 

"  Certamen  religiosum ;  or,  a  Conference  be- 
"  t-ji;een  K.  Ch.  I.  and  Henry  late  Marquess  of 
"  Worcester,  concerning  Religion,  in  Ragland 
"  Castle,  An.  1645.  Lond.  1649.  oct.  [BodL  8vo. 
"  Crynes  229.1  This  being  taken  to  be  a  fictitious 
"  thing  and  why,  (as  I  have  elsewhere '  told  you) 
"  an  advertisement  was  put  out  against  it  as  such, 
"  by  Dr.  Pet.  Heylin  in  his  epistle  to  the  reader  be- 
"  fore  his  collection  of  the  Works  of  K.  Charles  I. 
"  (wherein  tlie  said  Conference  is  put)  entit.  Biblio- 
"  tlieca  Regia,  &c.  but  omitted  in  other  impressions 
"  of  it,  as  also  in  the  works  of  the  said  king  printed 
"  in  fol.  whereupon  Dr.  Bayly,  who  about  that  time 
"  was  committed  prisoner  to  Newgate,  wrote  a  bix)k 
"  entit.  Herba  Parietis,  &c.  Lond.  1650.  fol.  In 
"  the  epistle  before  which,  he  falls  foul  upon  Heylin 
"  for  his  advertisement  before-mentioned.  Aiter- 
"  wards  came  out  an  Answer  to  the  said  Certam. 
"  Religiosum,  by  Ham.  L'estrange,  and  another  by 
"  Chnstop.  Cartwright  of  York,  entit.  Certam. 
"  Relig.  or,  A  Conference  betxceen  the  late  King 
"  of  England  and  the  late  Marquiss  of  Worces- 
"  ter  concerning  Religion ;  together  with  a  Vin- 
"  dilation  of  t/te  Protestant  Cause,  &c.  Lond. 
"  1651.  in  a  pretty  thick  qu.  In  the  epistle  to  the 
"  reader  before  which,  Mr.  Cartwright  saith  thus — 

^  III  Jth.  &■  Fnsli  O.von.  Vol.  I.  p.  527- 

"  '  I  know  that  there  are '  some  who  account  tliis 
"  Coii/ireiicc  n<i  better  than  sup|x)sitious ;  wiiich 
"  reflecting  upon  the  jiublisher  Dr.  Bayly,  he  hath 
"  lately  in  a  preface  to  a  botik  emit,  as  I  remember 
"  Herba  Parietis,  which  he  hath  set  forth  of  his 
"  own,  vindicated  himself,  and  assertetl  tlie  Con- 
'''■  Jerence,  &c.  I  havi'  no  to  question  the  truth 
"  of  the  relation,'  &c.  Soon  after  tlie  publication  of 
"  Dr.  Heylin's  Advertisement,  the  said  Dr.  Bayly, 
"  who  was  a  great  admirer  of  the  wisdom  and  loyalty 
"  of  the  .said  niarq.  of  Worcester,  pubhshed 

"  Worcester\i  Ajmphthegmes,  or  zvitty  Sauing.t 
"  of  the  Rt.  Hon.  Henry  late  Marquis,  and  Earl 
"  ()f  Worcester,  ^c.  Lond.  1650.  oct.  In  the  epist. 
"  to  the  reader  before  which,  Dr.  Bayly  vindicates 
"  the  said  martjuis,  and  tells  us  he  hatl  a  conference 
"  with  K.  Ch.  I.  in  Uagland  castle,  which  he  the 
"  said  Bayly  had  published  inider  the  title  of  Cer- 
"  tarn.  Relig.  And  tells  us  that  he  published  the 
"  said  apophthegms  to  shew  to  the  world  the  mar- 
"  quis's  wi.sdom  and  abilities  to  Iiold  discourse  with 

"  the  sdd  king  about  matters  of  religion. Dr. 

"  Bayly  saith  also,  that  '  as  to  the  objection  of  the 
"  marquis's  inability  to  talk  so  to  the  king,  (in  their 
"  conference)  he  assures  us  by  the  apophthegms  in 
"  the  said  book,  (which  he  never  had  the  least 
"  thought  to  have  published  but  upon  this  occasion) 
"  '  that  he  used  to  talk  so  wisely,  that  all  the 
"  wisdom  that  he  (Bayly)  had,  thought  them  worthy 
"  of  record,  and  (now)  of  pubhcation,  &c.  To  a 
"  great  many  of  which  saymgs,  there  are  a  great 
"  many  witnesses  to  justify  a  truth  that  cannot 
"  be  denied,  and  must  needs  verify  the  former,' 
"  &c.  The  chiefest  part  of  the  saici  apophthegms 
"  (wherein  are  many  pleasant  stories,  and  therefore 
"  worth  the  reachng)  are  involv'd  in  a  book  entit. 
"  Witty  Apophthegms  delivered  at  several  Time.* 
"  and  upon  several  Occasions  by  K.  James  I.  K. 
"  CImtIcs  I.  the  Marquis  of  Worcester,  Francis 
"  Lord  Bacon,  and  Sir  Thomas  More.  Lond. 
"  1658.  Oct.  What  other  things  are  published 
"  under  the  name  of  this  most  noble  and  generous 
"  marquis,  I  cannot  tell ;  and  therefore  all  that  I 
"  shall  say  more  of  him  is,  that  he  defended  his 
"  castle  of  Ragland  against  the  predominant  party 
"  of  the  Long  parliament  with  great  resolution  and 
"  gallantry ;  which  l;eing  the  last  garrison  of  the 
"  king's  that  held  out  in  England  or  Wales,  and 
"  without  any  hope  of  relief,  was  at  last  delivered 
"  uixjn  honorable  terms  (of  Dr.  Bayly's  framing  as 
"  'tis  said)  on  the  19th  of  Aug.  1646.  But  the  said 
"  terms  or  articles  (wherein  was  no  provision  made 
"  for  the  marquis,  because  by  sinister  advice  he  had 
"  thrown  himself  on  the  mercy  of  the  parhament) 
"  being  basely  violated,  the  marquis  was  hurried  up 
"  to  Westminster,  his  goods  .seizetl  upon,  and  he 
"  committed  to  the  custotly  of  the  Black  Rod,  the 

■J  See  in  ihc  advertisement  to  the  reader  prefix'd  to  the 
late  King  Charles's  Works,  set  forth  together  in  one  vol. 



"  keeper  of  whicli  lived  then  in  Covcnt  Garden : 
"  whereiijwii  the  most  noble  marquis  demanded "  of 
"  Dr.  Bayly  and  others  in  iiis  comiiaiiy,  what  they 
"  thought  of  fortune-tellers  ?  It  was  answered  that 
"  some  of  them  spoke  shrewdly :  whereupon  the 
"  marquis  said,  '  It  was  told  me  by  some  of  them, 
"  before  ever  I  was  a  Catholic,  that  I  should  dye  in 
"  a  convent,  but  I  never  believed  them  before  now, 
[100]  "  yet  I  hope  you  will  not  bury  nie  in  a  Garden^ 
"  &c.  Under  the  said  custody  did  the  marquis 
"  remain  in  the  company  of  Dr.  Bayly  and  one  or 
"  more  servants  in  a  chearful  condition,  and  not  in 
"  melancholy  or  discontent,  till  the  month  of  De- 
"  cember  following,  at  vvhich  time  surrendring  up 
"  his  most  pious  soul  to  the  great  God  that  gave  it, 
l646.  "  in  sixteen  himdred  forty  and  six  his  body  was 
"  convey'd  to  Windsor,  and  on  Christmas  day,  or 
"  thereabouts,  it  was  inter'd  near  the  body  of  his 
"  ancestor  Charles  Somerset  earl  of  Worcester,  in 
"  the  south  chappel  (dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary) 
"  at  the  west-end  of  the  church  of  St.  George  in 
"  the  castle  there :  in  which  chappel  the  said 
"  Charles  earl  of  Worcester  had  ordained  a  secular 
"  priest  to  say  mass  every  day,  and  to  pray  for  the 
"  souls  of  him  and  his  first  wife,  Elizabeth,  the 
"  daughter  and  heir  of  Will.  Herbert  earl  of  Hunt- 
"  ingdon,  lord  Herbert  of  Gower,  who  also  lies 
"  there  inter'd.  So  that  whereas  this  most  gene- 
"  rous  marquis  had  been  the  king's  richest  subject 
"  in  England  and  Wales  as  well  in  money  as  land, 
"  the  blessed  parliament  as  'twas  then  called,  did  at 
"  that  time  and  after  deprive  him  and  his  successor 
"  Edward  marquis  of  Worcester,  of  all  or  most  that 
"  they  had,  by  reason  of  their  great  loyalty  ;  and  'tis 
"  yet  a  question  whether  the  said  marquis  Henry 
"  died  not  in  want,  and  whether  he  was  not  buried 
"  in  a  mean  condition.  But  this  was  not  all,  for 
"  they  caused  his  castle  to  be  demolish'd  and  made 
"  useless." 

[The  first  edition  of  Worcester's  Apophthegmes 
in  1650,  which  is  among  bishop  Barlow's  collection 
in  the  Bodleian,  (8vo.  C.  603.  Line.)  has  a  very 
curious  wood-cut  representing  king  Charles  and  the 
marquis  of  Worcester,  with  a  third  person  standing 
behind  the  king  holding  a  drawn  sword.  The 
marquis  bears  a  pair  of  scales  into  which  the  king 
is  placing  a  coin.  Rude  as  the  cut  is,  I  have  no 
doubt  but  it  is  a  very  tolerable  Ukeness  of  the  three 
persons  it  proposes  to  represent. 

Wood  has  given  a  very  unfortunate  specimen  of 
his  lordship's  wit;  I  shall  endeavour  to  select  some 
rather  more  appropriate  extracts. 

'  Recovering  the  top  of  an  high  mountain,  by  the 
advantage  of  the  ground,  we  could  see  the  enemy 
marching  another  way,  at  which  sight  the  marquisse 
dwelt  with  his  eyes  a  little  longer  upon  that  object 
(than)  the  lord  John  Somerset,  his  sonne,  thought 

"  See  in  Worcester's  ylpolhegms,  prioted  in  1650.  p.  lig, 
apotheg.  69. 

convenient :  wherpupt)n  the  marquisse  made  his  re- 
ply— O  sonne,  I  love  to  see  mine  own  danger,  espe- 
cially when  it  is  marching  off. 

When  the  king  first  entred  the  castle  of  Raglan, 
the  marquesse  kiss'd  the  king's  hand,  and  rising  up 
again,  he  saluted  his  majesty  with  this  complement, 
Doniine  non  sum  dignus.  The  king  replved  unto 
the  marquesse.  My  lord,  I  may  very  well  answer 
you  again,  I  have  not  found  so  great  faith  in  Israel; 
for  no  man  would  trust  me  with  so  much  money  as 
you  have  done :  To  which  the  marquesse  replied,  I 
hope  your  majesty  will  prove  a  defender  of  the 

When  the  king  first  entred  the  gates  of  Raglan, 
the  marquesse  delivered  his  majesty  the  keyes,  ac- 
cording to  the  ordinary  custome  ;  the  king  restoring 
of  them  to  the  marq.  the  marq.  said,  I  beseech  your 
maj.  to  keep  them,  if  you  please,  for  tliey  are  in  a 
good  hand,  but  I  am  afraid  that  ere  it  be  long,  I 
shall  be  forc'd  to  deliver  them  into  the  hands  of 
those  who  will  spoile  the  complement. 

My  lord  Heroert  of  Raglan,  and  eldest  son  to 
the  marq;  came  into  Raglan  castle,  attended  with 
40  or  50  officers  and  commanders  :  and  his  business 
with  his  father  being  about  procuring  from  the  old 
man  more  money  for  the  king,  the  lord  Herbert,  in 
his  request  imtonis  father  (unliappily  and  unawai-es) 
chanced  to  use  the  word  must ;  wliich  hi.s  father,  the 
marquess,  laying  hold  on,  asked  him,  mi/st  you  ?  I 
pray  take  it,  and  threw  him  the  keyes  of  his  treasury 
out  of  his  pocket,  whereat  his  son  was  wonderfully 
out  of  countenance,  and  abasht,  being  otherwise  ever 
a  dutiful  and  respectfid  son  to  his  father,  replyed, 
sir,  the  word  was  out  before  I  was  aware,  I  do  not 
intend  to  put  it  in  force ;  I  jway  will  you  put  up 
your  key  again.  To  which  the  marquess  returned 
his  son  these  words,  Truly,  son,  I  shall  think  my 
keys  not  safe  in  my  pocket,  whilst  you  have  so  many 
swords  by  your  sides ;  nor  that  I  have  the  command 
of  my  house,  whilst  you  have  so  many  officers  in  it, 
nor  that  I  am  at  my  own  disjiose,  whilst  you  have 
so  many  commanders.  My  lord  (reply'd  tlie  son)  I 
do  not  intend  that  they  shall  stay  in  the  castle,  I 
mean  they  shall  be  gone.  I  pray  let  them  (said  the 
marquess,)  and  have  a  care  that  must  do  not  stay  be- 
hind. Whereat  (after  that  my  lord  Herbert  was 
gone  out  of  the  room)  there  wer  some  who  (as 
mannerly  as  they  could)  blam'd  the  marquess  for 
his  too  much  severity  to  his  son,  after  that  he  hail 
seen  him  express  .so  much  of  sorrow  for  that  ovcr- 
shp ;  whereupon  the  marquess  reply'd  Harke  ye,  if 
my  son  be  dejected,  I  can  raise  him  when  I  please ; 
but  it  is  a  question  if  he  should  once  take  a  head, 
whether  I  could  bring  him  lower  wlien  I  list :  Ned 
was  not  wont  to  use  such  courtship  to  me,  and  I 
beheve  he  intetided  a  better  word  for  his  Jathcr,  but 
must  was  for  the  king.'' 

There  are  two  heads  of  the  marquis  of  Wor- 
cester irt  4to.  one  by  Stent,  the  other  on  horseback.] 



JOHN  GREGORY,  the  miracle  of  his  age  for 

critical  and  curious  learning,  was  born  at  Agniun- 
deshain  commonly  called  Amersham  in  Bucks,  on 
the  10  Nov.  1607,  apjilied  himself  to  academical 
learning  in  the  condition  of  a  servitor  in  Ch.  C'h.  an. 
iG-^-l,  oeing  then  put  under  tlie  tuition  (witli  his 
master  sir  Will.  Drake)  of  the  most  ingenious  and 
learned  Mr.  George  Morley,  (afterwards  bishop  of 
Winchester)  where,  for  several  years,  spending  16, 
of  every  24,  hours,  he  arrived  to  great  learning,  and 
took  the  degrees  in  arts,  tliat  of  master  being  com- 
pleated  in  1631.  Alx)ut  which  time  being  received 
into  the  favour  of  Dr.  Duppa,  the  vigilant  dean  of 
his  house,  he  was  by  him  made  chaplain  or  petty 
canon  of  the  cathetlral,  and  after  that  his  own  do- 
mestic, and  prebendary  of  Chichester  and  Salisbury 
when  he  successively  sate  at  those  places  as  bishop. 
He  attained  to  a  learned  elegance  in  English,  Latin, 
and  Greek,  and  to  an  exact  skill  in  Hebrew,  Syriac, 
Chaldee,  Arabic,  Ethiopic,  &c.  He  was  also  well 
vers'd  in  philosophy,  had  a  curious  faculty  in  astro- 
nomy, geometry  and  arithmetic,  and  a  familiar  ac- 
quaintance with  the  Jewish  rabbines,  anticnt  fathers, 
modem  critics,  connnentators,  and  what  not.  His 
works  are. 

Notes  on  the  View  oftlie  Civil  and  Ecclesiastical 
Law,  written  by  sir  Thomas  Ridley,  Knt.  Oxon. 
1634.  qu.  second  edit.  Ox.  1662.  oct.  there  again 
1675,  76.  qu.  In  which  notes  (being  scarce  26 
years  old  when  he  wrote  them)  he  made  an  early 
discovery  of  his  civil,  historical,  ecclesiastical,  ritual, 
and  oriental  learning,  through  which  he  miracu- 
lously travePd  without  any  guide,  except  Joh.  Dod 
the  decalogist,  whose  society  and  directions  for  the 
Hebrew  tongue  he  enjoy'd  one  vacation  at  his  bene- 
fice in  Northamptonshire. 

Notes  and  Observations  upon  some  Passages  of 
Scripture.  Oxon.  1646  [Rodl.  4to.  A.  1.  Th.  Seld.] 
Lond.  1660.  65,  71,  88,»  qu.  translated  also  into 
Latin  [by  Richard  Stokes]  and  remitted  into  the 
Critica  sacra.  From  which  notes  may  easily  be 
discovered  his  exact  skill  in  the  oriental  tongues. 

Certain  learned  tracts,  as  (1)  A  Discourse  of  the 
70-  Interpreters ;  the  Place  and  Manner  of  their 
Interpretation.  (2)  Discourse  declaring  what  Time 
the  Niccne  Creed  began  to  be  sung  in  the  Church. 
(3)  Sermon  upon  the  Resurrection  ;  on  1  Cor.  15. 
»er.  20.  (4)  Kaivdv  hvTipos;  or  a  Di.iproofofhim 
in  the  3  Luke  vcr.  36.  (5)  Discovery  of  an  an- 
tient  Custom  in  the  Church  of  S arum,  making  an 
anniversary  Bishop  among  the  Choristers  on  InnO' 
cents  Day.^     (6)   TTie  several  Accounts  of  Time 

•  [Tlie  JVnrks  of  the  reiierend  and  leiirned  Mr.  John  Cre. 
ory.  Master  nf  ytrls  of  Christ  Church  Oxon,  in  two  Parts  ; 
''he  first  containing  Notes  and  Observations  upon  several 
Passages  in  Scripture;  The  second  his  Posthuma,  being 
divers  learned  Tracts  upon  various  Suljects.  Lond.  16/1.  4io. 
Bodl.  D.  1 1   8.  Line] 

'  [For  further  observations  on  this  suhjecl  see  Hawkins's 
History  of  Music,  ii.  4  ;   Watton's  IJist.  if  En,^!ish  Pnetry, 

among  all  Nations  fiom  the  Creation  to  tlte  pretent 

■^S^-     CD   "^^^^  As-syriun  Monarchy  ;  being  a  De- 

.uription  (fits  Rise  and  Fall.    (8)  Description  and 

Use  of  the  Terrestrial  Globe.     AVhich  tiglit  tracts 

were  printed  under  tlic  title  of  Grcgorii  Posthuma 

at  Lond.  1650,  [Bwli.  4to.  G.  10.  Th.  Seld.]  6  J, 

71,  83.  qu.  with  a  .short  account  of  the  author's  Ufe 

set  before  them,  \vritten  by  his  dearest  friend  John       flOll 

Gurgany  (son  of  Hugh  Gurgany  of  London  priest) 

sometimes  a  servitor  of  (Jh.  Ch.  afterwards  cliaj)lain 

of  Merton  coll.  who  dedicated  them  to  Edw.  Bysshe 

Clar.  king  of  arms,  a  patron  not  only  to  the  author, 

but  Gurgany,  ii\  the  time  of  their  afflictions. 

Observationes  in  Loca  quadam  ex- 
cerpta  ex  Joh.  MalultB  Chronographia.    ^P'""  P'"- 
MS.  which  after  his  death  came  into  '^"/""^^ll 
the  public  library  at  Oxon,   where  it  rum   refltxu- 
now  remains.     Edin.  Chilmead  having  rum  et  rrfrac- 
afterwards  prepared  the  whole  work  of  ''^"'"  Myie- 
Malala  for  the  t)iess,   intended,   as   it  \"''    G"""'- 
seems,  to  prefix  tlie  said  Observations,  „ig      Xonrf 
as  a  preface,  he  having  therein  spoken  1 003,  pub- 
sometiiing  of  the  said  author ;  but  that  lished   then 
author  iK'ing  published  at  Oxon  in  1691,  "'"''^  '*'. 
Gregory's  Observations  were  laid  aside,  "q^/J{„ 
as  containing  things  little  material,  and  pi,,i  edit." 
instead  of  them  there  is  added  a  ])reface 
or  ])rolegomena  to  Mnlala  by  Humph. 'Hody  bach,  of 
div.  fellow  of  Watlh.  coll.  See  the  said  preface  §  xliii. 
He  the  said  Gregory  did  also  translate  froni  Gr. 
into  Lat.      (1)  Palladius  de   Gentibus  ludiw,  ^■ 
Brachmanibus.      (2)    S.  Ambrosius   de   Moribus 
Brachmannorum.     (3)    Anonymus   de   Brachma- 
nibus.    Which  translations  coming  after  his  death 
into  the  hands  of  Edm.  Chilmead  chapl.  of  Ch.  Ch. 
came,  after  his,  into  those  of  E.  Bysshe  esq;  be- 
fore-mentioned, who  published  them  under  his  own 
name,  in  1665,  as  I  shall  tell  you  elsewhere.     At 
length  after  an  industrious  and  short  life,  he  gave 
way  to  fate  on  the  thirteenth  day  of  March  in  six-     104^. 
teen  hundred  forty  and  six,  and  was  buried  on  the 
left  side  of  the  grave  of  W.  Cartwright  in  the  isle 
joining  on  the  south-side  of  the  choir  of  the  cath. 
of  Ch.  Church  in  Oxon.     Some  years  before  his    • 
death  being  reduced  to  poverty,  because  he  was  de- 
prived of  tlie  benefit  of  his  two  prelxMidships,  he  re- 
tired to  an  obscure  ale-house  standing  on  the  green 
at  Kidlington  near  Oxon,  kept  by  one  Sutton,  father 
to  that  son  whom  our  learned  author  liad  bred  up 
from  a  lioy  to  attend  him.     There  I  say  spending 
some  time  in  great  retiredness,  died  obscurely,  ana 
by  the  contribution  of  one  or  more  friends,  his  body 
was  convey'd  to  Oxon. 

[Dr.  Gurgany,  in  his  letter  (Aug.  6,  1674)  to 
dean  Sancroft,  '  presents  liim  with  a  view  of  one  of 
the  Jewells  of  his  deare  and  learned  son  Mr.  Gre- 

i,  248;  ii,375,  38g,  390,391  ;  iii,  302  &c.  32S  &c.  Braod's 
Popular  Antiquities,  i,  328,  &c.  Aecount  of  the  Christmas 
Prince,  in  Oxford,  in  16O8,  Lond.  I8IO.  pref.  &r.] 




gory'  It  was  his  Al-Kihhi;  or  of  Adoration  to  thv 
Ecust,  which  I  havo  now  in  manuscript.'  Tankkb. 
Gregory  was  assistant  to  bisliop  Linclsoll  in  pro- 
paring  an  etlition  of  Thcopliylact  ujwn  ihc  Epistles 
of  St.  Paul,'  as  tlie  editor,  T".  Baylie,  obseiTcs  in  his 
preface — '  Descri!)ebantiir  i^  vctiisto  cocHce  manu- 
scriptoillustrissinii  coniitis  Aruncleliani,  Anglia- ma- 
resclialH,  viri  ut  antitjuo  stemniate,  itii  polita;  anti- 
quitatis  studio  dccantati.  Post  ajiograplion  cum 
prototy]x>  fideliter  conunissum,  ad  unum  et  alterum 
exemplar  Oxoniense  instituta  est  castigatio.  Qua  in 
re  quantum  ille  fiilei  industriaeque  prwstitit,  testando 
erunt  viri  ad  elcgantiorcm  doctrinani  facti,  Thomas 
Triplet  amicus  mihi  unicus,  et  Johannes  Gregorius; 
quos  in  posterioris  exemplaris  coilatione  sibi  vvyeiyovs 

"  EDMUND  GREGORY,  son  of  Hen.  Grc- 
"  S*"'y  vicar  of  Cherington  in  Wilts,  was  Iwrn  in 
"  that  county,  entred  a  student  in  Trin.  coll.  1632, 
"  aged  18  or  thereabouts,  Uxik  one  degree  in  arts, 
"  afterwards  holy  orders,  as  it  seems,  sctle<l  in  his 
"  own  country,  and  wrote, 

"  An  historical  Anatomy  of  Christian   Melan- 
"  choli/.     Lond.  1646.  oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  G.  10.  Th. 
Claruii     "  BS.]  wth  his  picture  before  it.  * 

i64).  «  Meditation  on  Joh.  9.  4. printed  at  the 

"  end  of  the  former  book.  What  other  things  he 
"  hath  written,  I  know  not." 

[Tlie  Author's  Poem  to  Himself,  on  James  3, 17. 

(From  his  Anatomy  of  Christian  Melancholy.) 

If  thou,  my  soul,  wouldst  true  Religion  see, 
Lo,  here  in  brief  thou  may'st  resolved  be. 

The  Wisdom   that   descendeth  from 

Is  pure,  as  saith  S.  James,  and  full  of 

Mercy  and  Peace  it  doth  extend  to  all. 
Without  deceit,  and  nothing  partial. 

*  [This  manuscript,  which  Dr.  Gurganj'  supposed  to  be 
lost,  when  he  wrote  llie  short  memoir  of  Gregory,  prefixed 
to  his  Poslhuma,  is  now  among  bishop  Tanner's  boolis  in  the 
Bodkian.  It  was  purchased  of  I3r.  Gurgany's  widow  by 
archbishop  Sancrofi,  as  we  learn  from  a  MS.  note  on  the  first 
leaf,  written  by  that  prelate. 

'  In  this  tract,  says  his  biographer,  'with  very  great  j  udg- 
ment  and  learning,  bee  vindicated  the  antiqnitie  of  East- 
ward adoration,  (especially  in  all  churches,)  as  far  beyond  an 
altar  or  crucifix,  (the  Romish  bounds,)  as  the  flood  preceuds 
in  time  these  superstitious  distinctions  of  tlie  Christian. 
Which  gallant  refutation  of  that  Popish  error,  I  the  rather 
mention,  continues  Gurgany,  becaus  soni  suspected  him  a 
favorer  of  that  waie  ;  but  to  my  certain  knowleg,  tlieirjea- 
lousie  was  unjust  and  groundless.'] 

'  [T/ieophi/lucli  Archiepiscopi  Bulgnrice  in  D.  Pauli  Epis- 
tolas  Commeiiturii :  Studio  rt  Citra  Revotiidiisimi  Palris 
Domini  Auguslini  Lindselli  Episcopi  llerefnrdensis,  ex  anti- 
guts  Maiiuscriptis  Codicihus  descripli,  el  etisligali,  rl  nunc 
primum  GTwci  edili.  Cum  Lalina  Philippi  Montaui  Firsione 
ad  Grcrcorum  Exemplariuin  Fidem  restituta.  Londini,  E 
TypoRrapheo  Regio,  l636.  Bodl.  A.  3.  8.  Th.  Seld.] 

*  [Engrated  by  Marshall,  and  inscrib'd  '  set.  31,  i6j6.'] 

The  Head.     If  sin  be  folly,  niiulnesse,  want  of  wit, 
The  righteous  then  are  wise  and  most 
Wisdom.         If  Christ  our  Wisedom   came  down 
from  on  hie. 
All  eai'thly  knowledge  is  but  vanitie. 

The  Eyes.      Tliis  Wisedom's  pure,  and  filleth  us 
with  light, 
To  trust  in  him  who  passeth  humane 
Faith.  This  Wisedom's  pure  and  purifi'th  the 

From  tliose  dark  works  which  make 
the  Conscience  blinde. 

The  Hands.    It  seeketh  peace,  it  hateth  to  contend ; 
It's  gentle,   milde  and   loving  to  its 

With  it,  forgivenesse  easily  is  found;  - 
111  it,  compas.sion  doth  to  all  abound. 

The  Feet. 

And  all  this  good  it  freely  doth  im- 
Without  a  partial,  proud,  or  grudging 
heart ; 
G(xk1  Nor  doth  Hypocrisie  these  vertues  kill 

Meaning.        With  by-respects,  or  a  sinister  will. 

Here  is  religion's  head,  its  eyes,  its 

hands ; 
Here  are  those  feet  on  which  it  firmly 


"  BENJAMIN  COX,  a  minister's  son,  was 
"  born  in  Oxfordshire,  entred  a  batler  or  com.  of 
"  Ch.  Ch.  in  1609,  aged  14  years  or  thereabouts, 
"  went  afterwards  to  Broadgate's-hall,  and  took  the 
"  degrees  in  arts  as  a  member  thereof.  Afterwards 
"  he  entred  into  the  sacred  function,  had  a  spiritual 
"  cure  bestow'd  on  him,  but  being  always  a  puritan 
"  from  the  beginning,  expressed  his  principles  more 
"  openly  when  the  grand  rebellion  broke  forth,  than 
"  before  he  durst  to  have  done.  Afterwards  he 
"  took  the  covenant,  was  a  gainer  by  his  factious 
"  principles,  and  at  lengtli  became  an  analwptist ; 
"  in  which  persuasion  I  think  he  died.  He  hath 
"  written  and  pubhshed, 

"  Thesis  about  the  Refusal  of  scandalous  Chris- 
"  tians  {as  yet  unconvicted)  at  the  Lord's  Tabic — 
"  This  I  have  not  yet  seen,  and  therefore  I  can  tell 
"  you  no  more  of  the  title  than  I  have  here  set 
"  down,  which  I  had  from  the  Answer  to  it  made 
"  by  Martin  Blake  Bach,  of  Div.  and  Vicar  of 
"■  Barum  (Barnstaple)  in  Devonsh.  printed  at  Lond. 
«  1645.  qu.      , 

"  Treatise' against  Infant-Baptism. — This  also 
"  I  have  not  yet  seen ;  and  therefore  cannot  tell 
"  whether  it  be  the  right  title. 

"  A  true  and  sober  Answer  to  a  false  Accusation 
"  of  Mr.  Tho.  Edwards  in  Am  Gangrana,  wherein 





"  is  shelved  the  Unlaxvfultiess  offflving  the  Name 
"  of  Church  to  an  House  made  of  Lime  and  Stone, 
"  and  the  Name  of  Cfturches  to  Parochial  Con- 
"  g-rcffations.  I^oiul.  1646.  qii. ' 
[1021  "  -^'*  -Appendix  to  the  Confession  of  Faith;  or, 

Clar.       "  a  more  full  Declaration  of  the  Faith  and  Judg- 
"  metit  of  Believers.  Lond.  1646.  qu. 

"  Several  Sermons. 

"  There  was  another  Benj.  Cox,  who  was  a  con- 
"  triver  of  several  drolLs  and  farces,  and  an  actor  in 
"  them  in  the  times  of  the  rebellion  and  usurpation 
"  under  prince  Oliver ;  when  comedies  and  tra- 
"  gedies,  together  with  the  stage,  were  silenc'd.  A 
"  collection  of  which  was  made  and  pubhshed  by 
"  Francis  Kirkman  a  bookseller,  an.  1673.  in  oct. 
"  Which  farces  and  drolls  were  acted  in  pubhc  and 
"  private,  as  at  Bartholomew-fair  in  London,  at 
"  rairs  in  the  country,  in  corporation  halls  and 
"  taverns,  on  several  mountebanks  stages,  at  Cha^ 
"  ring-Cross,  in  Lincolns-Inn-fields,  and  other 
"  places.  But  the  said  Ben.  Cox,  who  was  a  witty 
"  man,  and  a  gi-eat  mimic,  was  no  academian,  and 
"  whether  related  to  the  former  I  cannot  yet  tell." 

[I  suppose  the  first  Benjamin  Cox  to  be  the 
same  per.'^on  whom  the  separatists  of  the  rebel  army 
sent  for  from  Bedford,  to  oppose  Mr.  Ric.  Baxter, 
who  calls  him  in  1643  '  an  ola  Anabaptist  minister, 
and  no  contemptible  .scholar,  the  son  of  a  bishop' — 
But  the  last  circumstance  I  conceive  to  be  a  mis- 
take ;  for  I  know  of  no  bishop,  English  or  Irish,  of 
the  name  of  Cox,  except  the  bishop  of  Ely  in  queen 
Ehzal)eth's  time,  whose  onely  son,  that  I  ever  heard 
he  had,  was  a  knight.  *     Cole.] 

CHARLES  BUTLER  was  bom  at  one  of  the 
Wycombs  (Great  Wycomb  I  suppose)  in  Bucks, 
entred  a  student  into  Magd.  Hall  in  the  year  1579, 
took  a  degree  in  arts,  and  being  made  one  of  the 
bible  clerks  of  Magd.  coll.  was  translated  thereimto. 
Soon  after  proceeding  in  that  faculty,  he  became 
master  of  the  free-school  at  Basingstoke  in  Hamp- 
shire, where  continuing  7  years,  with  the  enjoyment 
of  a  cure  of  a  httle  church  called  Skewres,  was  pro- 
moted to  the  vicaridge  of  Lawrence-Wotton  three 
miles  distant  thence,  (a  poor  preferment,  God  wot, 
for  such  a  worthy  scholar,)  where,  being  setled,  he 
wrote  and  published  these  books  following,  which 
shew  him  to  have  been  an  ingenious  man,  and  well 
skiird  in  various  sorts  of  learning. 

The  feminine  Monarchy :  or,  a  Treatise  of  Bees, 
Ox.  1609.  Oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  B.  27.  Med.]  Lond. 
1623.  Ox.  1634.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  B.  51.  Art.  Seld.] 
translated  into  Latin  by  Rich.  Richardson,  some- 
times of  Emanuel  coll.  in  Cambridge,  now,  or  lately, 
an  inhabitant  in  the  most  pleasant  village  of  Brix- 
worth  in  Northamptonshire. — Lond.  1673.  oct. 
[Bodl.  8vo.  B.  59.  Med.]  In  this  version  he  hath 
left  out  some  of  the  ornamental  and  emblematical 

'  [See  Silvester's  Life  o/Rnxlei,  p.  46.] 
Vol.  III. 

part  of  the  English  copy,  and  hath,  with  the  au- 
thor's, scatter'tl  and  ina-rmix'tl  his  own,  observations 
on  bees,  and  what  of  note  he  had  either  heard  from 
men  skilful  this  way,  or  had  rcatl  in  other  lxx»ks. 
But  this  last  translation  being  slow  in  the  sale,  there 
hath  been  a  new  title  put  to  it,  and  said  therein  to 
be  printed  at  Oxon.  1682.  oct. 

RhetoriccB  Libri  duo,  "  quorum  prior  de  Tropit 
"  <1^  Fiffuris,  posterior  de  Voce  Sf  Gestu  prttcimt, 
"  Sec."  Oxon.  1618,  the  4th  edit,  and  29.  (lu.  Lond. 
1635.  oct.  "  It  was  written  by  the  author  at 
«  Basingstoke,  1600." 

De  Propinquitate  Matrimonium  impediente  Re- 
ffula  ffencralis.  Oxon.  1625.*  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  W. 
12.  Art.  Seld.] 

Oratoriw  Libri  duo.  Ox.  1633.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to. 
P.  65.  Art.]  Lond.  1635.  oct. 

English  Grammar.  Ox.  1634.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  L. 
44.  Art.] 

The  principles  of  Music.  Lond.  1636.  qu.  [Bodl. 
4to.  B.  50.  Art.  Seld.]  He  took  his  last  farewell  of 
this  world  on  the  29th  of  March  in  sixteen  hundred 
forty  and  seven,  and  in  that  of  liis  age  68,  or  there-  '647. 
abouts  (after  he  had  l)een  vicar  of  Wotton  St.  Lau- 
rence before-mention'd  48  years)  and  was  buried  in 
the  chancel  of  the  church  mere. 

EPHRAIM  PAGIT  or  Paget,  son  of  Euseb. 
Paget  mention'd  before  under  the  year  1617,  was 
bom'  of  a  genteel  family  in  Northamptonshire,  ma- 
triculated as  a  member  of  Ch.  Ch.  25th  of  May 
1593,  aged  18,  but  whether  he  took  a  degree,  it  ap- 
pears not.  Afterwards,  thro'  some  petit  imploy- 
ments,  he  became  parson  of  the  church  of  S.  Ed- 
mund in  Lombard-street'  within  the  city  of  London, 
where  he  continued  many  years.     He  hath  written, 

Christianographia :  or,  a  Description  of  the 
Multitudes  and  sundry  Sorts  of  Christians  in  the 
World,  not  subject  to  the  Pope,  &c.  Lond.  1636; 
[Bodl.  4to.  P.  9.  Th.  Seld.]  36,  40,  [Bodl.  F.  1.  19- 
Th.  Seld.]  &c.  qu. 

Treatise  of  the  Religion  of  the  anticnt  Christians 
in  Britany. — printed  with  some  editions  of  the 
former  booK. 

Hceresiographia :  or,  a  description  of  the  He- 
resies of  later  Tim-es.  Lond.  1645,  [Bodl.  AA.  20. 
Th.  Seld.]  and  48,  4th  edit.'  in  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  W. 
4.  Th.  BS.]  He  hath  also  a  serra.  extant  called 
The  mystical  Wolf;  on  Matth.  7.  ver.  15.  Ixjnd.  [103] 
1645.  qu.  and  other  tilings,  as  'tis  probable,  but 
such  I  nave  not  yet  seen.     Upon  the  breakuig  out 

"  [Reprinted  at  Frankfurt  in  l643,  8vo.  in  the  same  vol. 
with  Fr.  Flnreiis  I)e  Nupliis  Coruobrinarum  prohihitis  out 
permifsis.     Loveday.] 

'  Rff.  Matric.  P.  pae.  eg. 

«  [1()01,  19  Aug.  Ephr.  Paget,  presbiier,  adtniss.  ad 
eccl.  S.  Edmundi  in  Lombard  street,  \kt  niort.  Nich.  Balgay 
S.  T.  P.  Rfg.  Banirnft,  Ep.  Lond.] 


»  [Fifth  edition,  Lond.  l6Cl,  8vo.  sixth  edit.  l66«,  Bodl. 
.¥.  106.  Line] 




•  C  il  IVar    "^  ^^^  grand  rebellion  *  he  was  so  ino- 
fitst  edk.     l«isted  and   troubled,    tliat  mt-erl  y  for 

quietiioss  sake  he  was  forced  to  leave 
liis  benefice  in  his  old  age,  being  then  commonly 
called  Old  Father  Ephraim.  So  that  retiring  to 
Deptford  in  Kent,  sjjent  there  the  short  remainder 
of  nis  days  in  great  devotion  and  retiredness.  At 
length  surrendring  up  his  pious  soul  to  G(xl  in  the 
lC47-  begmning  of  the  year  (in  April  as  it  seems)  sixteen 
hundred  forty  seven,  was  buried  according  to  his 
will  in  Deptford  church-yai-d.     One   of  both  liis 

names*  translated  into  English,  Ser- 

•  firjt  edit      written  originally  by  Lod.  Lavater,  but 

whether  the  said  Ephraim  Paget  was 
educated  in  Oxon,  I  cannot  justly  say,  tho''  two  or 
more  of  his  sirname  ami  time  occur  in  our  registers. 

"  Probably  it  was  the  same  with  our  author 

"  that  translator  being  then,  1586,  a  child  of  eleven 
?'  years  of  age.'" 

[There  is  a  sixth  edit,  of  E.  P.''s  Hercsiography 
an.  1661,  with  a  preface  by  the  stationer,  wherein 
he  is  said  to  have  died  at  his  old  mansion  house 
1650,  aet.  84  He  is  there  said  to  have  understood 
16  or  16  languages.     Baker. 

Among  the  Harleian  manuscripts  is  one  contain- 
ing a  great  number  of  Pagit''s  epistles,  in  divers  lan- 
guages, to  the  several  jiatriarchs  of  the  Greek 
church,  upon  matters  of  religion. '] 

THOMAS  GOLEMAN  was  born  in  Oxford- 
shire, particularly,  as  it  seems,  within  the  city  of 
Oxon,  where  several  of  his  name  and  time  have 
lived,  made  his  first  entry  into  Magd.  hall  in  the 
beginning  of  the  year  1615,  and  in  that  of  his  age 
17,  took  the  degrees  in  arts,  holy  orders,  and  be- 
came so  accomplished  in  the  Hebrew  language,  that 
he  was  commonly  called  Rabbi  Coleman.  After- 
wards he  was  made  rector  of  Blyton  in  Lincoln- 
shire, but  being  schismaticidly  encfined,  he  left  that 
place  in  the  beginning  of  the  civil  war,  1642,  under 
pretence  of  persecution  by  the  cavaliers,  and  re- 
tiring to  the  great  city,  became  a  grand  covenanter, 
an  inveigher  against  the  king  and  his  party,  against 
the  bishops  and  orthodox  clergy,  one  of  the  assem- 
bly of  divines,  rector  of  S.  Peter''s  chiu"ch  in  Com- 
hill  in  the  place  of  a  loyal  doctor  ejected,  and  a 
preacher  before  the  parliament.  While  he  sate  in 
the  assembly,  to  which  he  was  chiefly  called  for  his 
knowledge  m  the  Hebrew  tongue,  he  behaved  him- 
self modestly  and  learnedly,  maintaining  among 
them  the  tenets  of  Era,stus.     His  works  are  these, 

Several  sermons,  as  (1)  TJie  Christian'' s  Cause 
and  Complaint,  &c.  FaM-Sermon  before  the  Hoiise 
of  Commons ;  on  Jerem.  8.  20.  Lond.  1643.  qu. 
[Bodl.  4to.  D.  61.  Th.]  (2)  Tlie  Hearts  Engage- 
ment, Sermon  at  S.  Margarets  in  Westminster  at 
the  public  Entring  into  the  Covenant,  the  29  Sept. 

'  [See  MS.  H»rl.  82b.  Calal.  Harl.  MS.  vol.  i.  pag.450.] 

1643  ,•  on  Jer.  30.  21,  last  Clause.  Lond.  1643.  qu. 
There  were  then  present  some  noblemen  and  gen- 
tlemen, many  soldiers  and  people  of  all  sorts ;  and 
looking  on  the  soldiers  he  told  them  that  '  the  co- 
venant  was  the  parliament's  sword  and  buckler: 
for  when  the  cavaliers  shall  see  you  come  arni'd 
with  the  covenant,  they  will  rim,  rim,  run  away 
from  the  Lord  of  hosts,'  &.c.  (3)  God's  u?iusual 
Answer  to  a  solemn  Fast,  before  both 
Houses;  on  Fsal.  65.  5.  Lond.  1644.  qu.  [Bodl. 
4to.  D.  61.  Th.]  preached  upon  tiie  sad  success 
tliat  the  parliament  forces  had  in  Cornwall.  (4) 
Hopes  defer  d  and  dashed,  Fa^t-Sermon  before  the 
House  of  Com.  on  Job  11.  20.  Lond.  1645.  qu. 
[Bixll.  4to.  G.  5.  Th.j  He  was  not  thankcxl  for 
this  sermon  according  to  custom,  but  only  ordered 
to  print  it,  because  the  presbyterian  part)-  disliked 
him,  for  that  he  too  sligiitly  spoke  of  ministerial  au- 
thority, and  seemed  not  to  chslike  the  in(le(x;ndent, 
&c.  In  his  epist,  detl.  to  the  house  of  com.  he  saith 
thus,  '  There  was  never  sermon  preached  on  these 
public  fasts,  that  was  received  with  such  contrary 
affections,  and  censures  as  this ;  some  approving 
above  commendation,  others  disliking  below  de- 
testation,' &c.  So(m  after  George  Gillespie  a  pres- 
byterian minister  of  Edinburgh,  educated  in  S.  An- 
di«w's  university,  did  not  only  preach  against  the 
said  sermon  in  another  delivered  before  the  house  of 
Lords,  and  in  a  second  elsewhere,  but  also  printed 
them*  in  vindication  of  the  prcsbyterians,  where- 
upon our  author  Coleman  ])ublished, 

A  brotherly  Evamlnation  examined :  or,  a  clear 
Justification  of '  t/iose  Passages  in  a  Sermon  against 
lohich  tlie  Reverend  and  learned  Commissioner  Mr. 
Gillespie  first  in  two  several  Sermons,  and  then  in 
print,  did  preach  and  zorite,  London  1646.  qu. 
[Bodl.  4to.  G.  5.  Th.]     To  which  is  added, 

A  short  Discovery  of  some  Tenets  and  Prin- 
ciples ichich  entrench  upon  both  the  Honour  and 

Power  ttfthe  Parliament What  else  our  author 

hath  written,  I  find  not,  only  a  thing  called  A 
Model,  as  the  author  of  A  Friendly  Debate^  tells 
us,  which  was  briefly  view'd  and  answer'd  in  1645, 
but  neither  the  Model  or  Ansicer  have  I  yet  seen. 
He  died  suddenly  about  the  beginning  of  the  year 
sixteen  hundred  forty  and  seven,  but  where  buried 
I  cannot  tell,  because  the  register  of  St.  Peter's  in 
Cornhill  mentions  him  not.  I  find  one  Tho.  Cole- 
man minister  of  AUhallows  Barkin  near  tlie  Tower 
of  London,  who  published  a  sermon  entit.  Justi/ica- 

'  [Nihil  respondes,  or  a  Discovery  oflhe  Unsalitfactorinest 
nf  Mr.  Coleman's  Piece  ptiMish'd  under  the  Title  of  a  Bro- 
therly E,raminatio7i  re-exnmined,  wherein  is  self  Contradic- 
tions, (Sfc.  By  Georfre  Gil/espy  minister  at  Edinburgh,  Lond. 
IO43,  4to.  four  slicels  and  half. 

Mule  attdis ;  or,  an  Answer  to  Mr.  Coleman's  Male  diets, 
with  some  AnimaSversions  on  Mr.  IJussey's  Plea  for  Chris- 
tian Magistracf',  by  Geo.  Gillespie,  Minister  at  Edinb.  Lend. 
1646,  4io.  8  sheets.    Tanker.] 

'  In  the.  third  part  printed  )072,  p.  386.  in  marg. 






tionJuMiJiecl,  an.  1G53,  but  of  what  university  he 
was,  I  know  not  yi't.  As  for  G.  (iillcspie  bofore- 
mcntiouM,  ho  was  a  liigli  covenantor,  had  some 
g<x)d  learning,  but  was  very  anti])rclatical,  and  bold 
beyond  all  nieasuro.  He  WTote  against  the  cere- 
monies, several  pieces  iigainst  the  Erastians,  and 
died  about  1649.  In  the  inontii  of  January  1660, 
the  tombstone  of  this  Gillespie  (wlio  had  also  writ- 
ten a  seditious  book,  entit.  his  LaM  Will  and  Tes- 
tament) was,  according  to  an  order  of  the  committee 
of  estates  in  Scotland,  fetcht  from  the  burial  place, 
and  on  a  market-day  broke  by  the  common-nang- 
man  at  the  cross  of  Kirkadie,  where  he  had  fornierlv 
been  minister. 

[Mr.  Selden,  who  knew  Coleman  well,  in  the  as- 
sembly of  divines,  says,  he  was  a  Cambridge  man, 
and  gives  a  large  character  of  him,  Erastus  and 
Grobus.  ■>     Baker.] 

THOMAS  FARNABIE  the  most  noted  school- 
master of  his  time,  son  of  Tho.  Farnabie  of  London, 

oarpeiiter,  son  of  Farnabie  sometimes  mayor 

of  Truro  in  Cornwall,  was  boni  in  London  about 
1575,  l)eciime  a  student  in  Mert.  coll.  in  the  begin- 
ning of  1590 ;  at  which  time,  being  a  youth  of  great 
hope,  he  was  entertained  by  Mr.  Tho.  French  a 
learned  fellow  of  that  house,  who  made  him  his 
post-master,  and  so  consetjuently  his  servitour,  being 
the  fashion  then  for  jx)st-masters  to  sei-ve  those  fel- 
lows from  whom  they  received  their  places.  But 
this  youth  being  verv  wild,  tho'  of  pregnant  parts, 
made  no  long  stay  there,  for  being  enticed  to  for- 
sake liis  rehgion  and  country,  he  left  the  coll.  very 
abruptly,  went  into  Spain,  and  was  for  sometime 
educated  there,  in  a  certain  cf)ll.  belonging  to  the 
Jesuits.  At  length  being  weary  of  their  severe  dis- 
cipline, he  found  a  way  to  leave  them,  and  then, 
being  minded  to  take  a  ramble,  went  with  sir  Fr. 
Drake  and  sir  Joh.  Hawkins  in  their  last  voyage 
1595,  being  in  some  esteem  with  the  former.  Af- 
terwards, as  'tis  said,  he  was  a  soldier  in  the  Low 
Countries,  being  more  addicted  to  that  employment 
than  to  be  a  scholar,  and  that  being  reduced  to 
poverty,  he  made  shift  to  be  set  on  shore  in  the 
western  part  of  England ;  where,  after  some  wan- 
dring  to  and  fro  under  the  name  of  Tho.  Bainrafe 
(the  anagram  of  his  simamc)  he  settled  at  Martock 
in  Somersetshire,  and  taught  the  grammar  school 
there  for  sometime  with  good  success.  For  in  the 
year  1646,  when  Mr.  Charles  Darby  was  called  to 
teach  that  school,  he  found  in  that  town,  and  in  the 
neighbourhood,  many  that  had  been  his  scholars, 
ingenious  men,  and  good  grammarians,  even  in  their 
grey  hairs.  Among  whom  it  was  then  re|X)rted 
that  when  he  landed  in  Cornwall,  his  distresses 
made  him  stoop  so  low,  as  to  be  an  abcdarian,  and 
Several  were  taught  their  hornbooks  by  him.  After 
he  had  gotten  some  feathers  at  Martock,  he  took 

*  [Vide  Selden  flr  Syftedr.  lib.  1.  cap.  10,  13  ;  pag.  2gO.] 

his  flight  to  London,  and  taught  a  long  time  in 
Goldsmiths-Rents  in  Crij)pligate  mrish  behind  Red- 
cross-street,  where  were  large  gardens  and  liandsoine 
houses,  and  great  accomnKxlationH  lor  the  yoiinir 
noblemen  ana  other  genero\is  vouUis,  who  at  one 
time  made  up  the  number  of  300  or  more.  The 
school-house  was  a  Wge  brick-building,  divided 
into  several  partitions  or  ajKirtnients,  according  to 
tlie  distinctions  of  the  forms  and  classes,  under  tlie 
care  and  circumspection  of  the  respective  ushers  al- 
lotted to  attend  them.  In  which  time,  while  he 
taught  there,  he  was  made  niaster  of  arts  of  Cam- 
bridge, and  soon  after  incorjxirated  at  Oxon.  At 
length,  ujKin  occasion  of  some  underhand  dealing 
of  nis  landlords  and  frequent  sicknesses  in  the  city, 
he  removed  alxjut  1636  to  Sevenock  in  Kent,  (lu 
the  neighbourhood  of  which  place,  (at  Otford)  he 
had  purchased  an  estate)  taught  there  the  sons  of 
several  noblemen  and  gentlemen  (who  boarded  with 
him)  with  great  esteem,  grew  rich,  jmrchased  an  [10.51 
estate  there  also,  and  near  Horsham  in  Sus.scx. 
Upon  a  foresight  of  tlie  civil  war,  he  was  esteemed 
ill  affected  to  the  cause,  for  that  when  the  pro- 
testation  was  urged  in  1641,  he  tlien  said  it  was 
better  to  have  one  king  tlian  five  hundred.  After- 
wards, behig  suspected  to  have  favoured  the  rising 
of  the  country  tor  the  king  about  Tunbridge,  in 
1643,  he  was  thereuptm  imprisoned  first  in  New. 
gate,  and  thence  removed  on  shipboard,  it  l)eing 
then  urged  in  the  house  of  commons,  whether  he 
should  be  sent  to  America,  (further'd  by  some  of 
his  good  neighbours  in  Kent,  nay  and  by  some 
that  had  been  liis  scholars,  as  I  have  heard,  who 
sate  in  the  two  houses)  but  at  length  it  being  re- 
jected, he  was  removed  to  Ely-house  in  Holbom, 
where  he  remained  for  about  an  year  before  his 
death.  He  was  the  chief  grammarian,  rhetorician, 
p(x?t,  Latinist,  and  Grecian  of  his  time,  and  his 
school  was  so  much  frequented,  that  more  church- 
men and  statesmen  issued  thence,  than  from  any 
school  taught  by  one  man  in  England.  The  things 
that  he  hath  written  and  pubhshetl  arc  these, 

Nota'  ad  Juvenalia  4"  Persii  Satijni.i.  Load. 
1613.  Oct.*  &c. 

Nota;  ad  SeneccB  Tra^dias.  Lond.  1613.  oct. 
&c.  For  which  work  he  is  commendeil  by  a  certam" 
poet  who  was  his  friendly  acquaintance. 

Notcr  ad  Martialis  lipi it-ram mata.  Lond.  1615. 
oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  M.  21.  Art.  Seld.J  Genev.  1623, 
33,  &c.  in  tw. 

Nota  ad  Liicani  Pharsaliam.  Ixind.  1618.  oct. 
[Bodl.  8vo.  L.  13.  Art.  Seld.] 

Index  Rhetm-icm  ScJiolh  Sf  Institut'wni  tene- 
rioris  JEtatis  accommodatn.i.  Lond.  1625,'  oct. 
[Bodl.  Svo.  0. 11.  Art  Seld.] 

5  [Dedicated  to  Henry  prince  of  Wales.     Rawlinson.] 

"  .Toh.  Owen  in  Append.  Epigram,  nu.  10. 

"  [And  l633  Svo.  On  the  back  of  the  tiile  of  this  book 
is  this—'  Summa  Privilegij.  RcgiaB  Majcstalis  Aulhoritaie 
cautum  est,  ne  quia  in  legnis  suis  Magnsc  Britannia;  im- 




Phrases  Oratoria  eleganilores  6f  poeticce.  Lond. 
1628.  oct.  8th  edit. 

FhrrUeglum  Epifframmatuni  Grcecorum,  eorum- 
que  Latino  Versu  a  variis  redditorum.  Lond.  1629. 
in  oct.  [Hodl.  8vo.  F.  24  Art.  Seld.  et  cum  notis 
MSS.  8vo.  Ilawl.  624,  et  Lond.  1650,  8vo.  U.  9. 
Art.  HS.J  &c. 

Notw  ad  Vlrgiliwm.  Lond.  1634.  in  oct.  [Bodl. 
8vo.  U.  9.  Art.  Seld.] 

Notce  in'Terentium.  Lond.  in  tw.* 
~'\NoUe  ill  Ovidii  Metamorph.  Libras  12.  Lond. 
in  *w.  8:c.  Lond.  1677.  &c. 

Sy sterna  Grammaticum.  Lond.  1641.  in  oct. 
[Bodl.  8vo.  I'\  15.  Art.  Seld.] 

Index  Rhetoricus  Sf  Oratorius,  cum  Formulis 
Oraforiis  6f  Indice  poetico.  Lond.  1646.  oct  [Bodl. 
8vo.  F.  1.  Art.  BS.] 

Phrasiologia  Anglo-Lat.  Lond.  in  oct. 
Tabulce  Grcecct  Lingiut.  Lond.  in  qu. 

Syntaxis.  Lond.  in  oct. 

Epi.ttohT  Varicc  ad  doctiss.  Viros.^  Other  things 
he  hath  written,  a.s  I  conceive,  but  such  I  have  not 
yet  seen.  He  concluded  his  last  day  in  sixteen 
1647.  iiundrcd  forty  and  seven,  and  was  buried  in  the 
chancel  of  the  church  at  Sevenock  commonly  called 
Sennock  before-meirtioned ;  over  whose  grave  was 
this  epitaph  put.  '  P.  M.  viri  omatissimi  Thomas 
Famabii  Armigeri,  causae  olim  Regiae  reique  pub- 
licae  sed  literaria;  vindicis  acerrimi.  Obiit  12  Junii 

Vatibus  hie  sacris  qui  lux  Famabius  olim, 
Vate  carens  saxo  nunc  sine  luce  jacet.' 
By  his  first  wife  named  Susan,  daughter  of  John 
Pierce  of  LaunceLls  in  Cornwall,  he  had  a  son  named 
John,  who  followed  his  father's  martial  humour, 
being  a  cajjtain  in  the  king's  army ;  to  whom  he 
left  nis  estate  in  Sussex,  where  he  lived  in  good 
esteem,  and  died  about  the  l)eginning  of  1673.    By 
his  second  wife  Anne,  daughter  of  Dr.  Jolm  How- 
son  bishop  of  Durham,  he  had  several  children,  one 
of  which  was  named  Francis,  to  whom  he  left  his 
estate  at  Kippington  in  the  parish  of  Sennock,  where 
-'•■'"  he  was  lately  living*  in  good  esteem, 

a  justice  of  fr.Qj,j  whose  mouth  I  formerly  received 
edit.  '  several    passages   of  his  fathers  life, 

which  are  remitted  into   the   former 

primal  aul  alibi  impressa  in  hjBc  regna  importet  aiit  di- 
vendat  Juvenalis,  et  rersij.  Satyras,  Seiiecx  Tra»edias,  Mar- 
tialis  Epigraraala,  Lucani  Pharsaliam,  Petronij  Satyricon, 
Virgilij  opera  notis  ad  marginalibus  a  Thoma  Farnabio  illus- 
trata ;  nee  non  Phrases  Insigniores,  Indicem  Hhetoricum, 
£pigraiTiata  Selecla  Grseco-Laiina,  alqiie  Aristoielis  Ethica 
ab  eode  ediia,  aut  edenda ;  identic  ad  terminum  i  iginti  & 
unius  annorum  :  sub  poena  publicalionis  Libroiu  &  niulciae 
in  Regio  diplomate  ulterius  expressae.  siquis  sccus  fecerit 
absque  auihoris  pcrmisiu.    Cat.  Octobris  1633.'     Bowle.] 

'  [Cum  Annoiaiionibus  Th.  Farnabii  in  4  priorcs  Comoc- 
dias  et  M.  Casauboiii  in  2  postcriorcs,  Amst.  typis  J.  Blaew 
J 669,  Bodl.  8vo.  B.  234.  Line.  Salmur.  l()71,  Bodl.  8vo. 
E.  59.  Art.] 

'  [As  in  Bnrrhi  Impetus  Juveniles,  in  Holyday's  Juvena), 

&C.       LOVEDAV.] 

discourse :  At  which  time  he  aver'd  to  me,  that  the 
gi-eat  grandlathcr  oi"  his  father,  viz.  the  father  of 
him  who  was  mayor  of  Truro,  was  an  Italian  musi- 
cian. The  memory  of  this  eminent  schoolmaster  is 
celebrated  by  several  authors,  among  whom  is  John 
Dunbar'  a  Scot,  who  stiles  himself  Megalo-Bri- 
tannus.  Rich.''  Bruch  and  others. 

[In  the  patent,  dated  April  6,  1632,  allowing 
Farnaby  the  sole  printing  of  divers  of  his  books  for 
the  space  of  twenty-one  years,  mention  is  made  of 
the  f()llowing  as  then  ready,  '  ejus  opera  etiara  et 
studio  preparatos' : ' 

/.  Petronii  Arbitri  Satiricon,  post  omnea  om- 
nium Editiones  Rccensionesque  Notis  et  Commen- 
tariis  illustratitm. 

Aristoielis  Ethica  Orationibus  discussa  et  de- 

P'amaby  was  one  of  the  contributors  to  the  fame 
of  Coryate,  by  prefixing  a  Greek  find  an  English 
panegyrick  to  his  Crt/dities.  I  transcribe  his  own 
translation  of  the  former. 

In  verdant  meadowes,  crown'd  vrith  spring's  fresh 
The  painefuU  bee  tastes  euery  fragrant  flower ; 
His  thighes  full  fraught,  on  nimble  wing  doth  gUde' 

Home,  to  store  up  his  wealth  in  hony  bower. 
From  trauailes  strange  so  Coryate  late  come  home 
With  flowing  nectar  filles  this  hony  combe. 

Thomas  Farnaby  alias  Bainrafe. 

He  wrote  also  a  commendatory  inscription,  in  a 
wedge  of  metres,  on  Camden's  Annul.  Elizaiethae, 
ed.  Hearne,  vol.  iii,  p.  592.] 

DEGORIE  WHEAR  was  born  at  Jacobstow 
in  Cornwall,  retired  to  the  habitation  of  the  muses 
called  Broadgate's-hall,  in  the  beginning  of  the  year 
1592,  aged  19,  took  the  degrees  in  arts,  that  of 
master  being  com  pleated  in  1600,  elected  probationer- 
fellow  of  Exeter  coll.  in  1602,  and  six  years  after 
leaving  that  house,  travelled  into  several  countries 
beyond  the  seas,  whereby  he  obtained  as  well  learn- 
ing as  experience.  At  his  return  he  was  entertain'd 
by  the  lord  Chandois,  and  by  him  respected  and 
exhibited  to.  After  his  death  our  author,  with  his 
wife,  retired  to  Gloc.  hall,  where  Dr.  Hawley  the 
principal  demised  to  him  lodgings,  and  then  became 
acquainted  so  well  widi  Mr.  Tho.  Allen,  that  by  his 
endeavours,  the  learned  Cauibden  made  liim  his  first 
reader  of  the  history  lecture  which  he  founded  in 
the  university.  Soon  after  he  was  made  pj-incipal 
of  that  hall,  the  which,  witl^  his  lecture  he  kept  to 
his  dying  day,  and  was  esteemed  by  some  a  learned 
and  genteel  man,  and  ^J  others  a  Calvinist.  He 
hath  written 



b.   edit.  Lond.  I616.   in  cent.  scxt. 

'  In  Epigram. 
nu.  74.  „' 

'  In  lib.  siKjiui  tit.  est  Epigrammalum  llecatontades  dua: 
Lond.  1627.  in  hec.  altera,  nu.  17. 

3  [RymorJ  Fadera,  torn,  xix,  p.  367.] 



De  Rutiom  c^  Mct/uxlo  Icffetidi  Histor'ms  Dh- 
sertafio.  Oxon.  [W^ii."  Ucxll.  8vo.  0. 11.  Art.  Seld.] 
1625.  oct.  ])riiiti.Hl  tliere  again  in  1637.  in  <Kt.  with 
this  title,  Pra'tc'cfioius  hijcmalcs,  de  Ratione  ^  Mc- 
thodo  legcudi  vtriuiique  Ilistorins,  civilen  iSf  eccle- 
siastka't,  &c.  [BocU.  8vo.  W.  12.  Art.  Seld.]  At 
lenffth  Nich.  Horsman  M.  A.  and  fellow  of  C.  C.  C. 
making  a  review  of  the  second  edition,  and  addinsr 
thereunto  Mantissa  de  Historichi  Gentium  partirii- 
lariuni,  &c.  it  was  jjrinted  a  third  time  at  Oxon. 
1662.  in  oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  C.  489.  Line]  and  had 
at  the  end,  this  speech  of  our  author  pnnted  with 
it,  viz. 

Orafio  auspicalis  habita  in  Scholis  puhlicis  cum 
primum  L.  An.  Flori  Interpretationem  affffrede- 
retur   Author.     The   said   Praelectkmes   with    the 
Mantissa  were  printed  again  at  Cambridge  1634 
in  oct.  with  Gabr.  Nauda-us  his  Bihlingraphia  Po- 
iiiicn,    added    thereunto,   and   Justus    Lipsivis   his 
Epistle  to  Nich.  Hacquevill  de  Histwia,  set  before 
it.     They  were  rcndred  into  English,  (I  mean  the 
Pralactiones  and  Mantissa  only)  by  Edmund  Bo- 
hun  of  Westhall  in  the  county  of  Suffolk  esq;  of 
whom,  by  the  way,  I  desire  the  reader  to  know 
these  things  following,   viz.  that  he  was  born  at 
Ringsfield  in  the  said  county,  being  the  only  son 
of  Baxter  Bohun,  (who,  with  his  an  estors,  have 
been  lords  of  the  manor  of  Westhall  ever  since  25 
Henr.  8.)  that  in  the  year  1663,  he  was  admitted 
fellow-commoner  of  Queen's  coll.  in  Cambridge,  and 
continued  there  till  the  latter  end  of  1666,  when 
then  he  was  driven  out  of  university  by  the 
plague  that  raged  there,  to  his  great  hindrance  in 
learning.     In  1675  he  was  made  one  of  the  com- 
missioners of  the  peace  for  the  county  of  Suffolk, 
and  continued  so  till  the  second  of  king  James  II. 
and  then  he  was  discharged.     In  the  first  yeai'  of 
king  William  and  queen  Mary  he  was  restore<l  to 
that  office,  upon  the  recommendations  of  the  mem- 
bers of  parliament  then  sitting,  without  his  seeking, 
and  he  servetl  their  majesties  in  the  said  employ- 
ment.    This  worthy  person  hath  written  (1)   Aii 
Address  to  the  Freemen  and  Freeholders  of  the  Na- 
tion, 171  three  Parts ;  being  the  Historij  of  three 
Sessions  of  Parliament :   The  first  of  zchich  began 
the  21.s<  ()f  Oct.  1678,  and  the  of  them  ended 
the  10th  of  Jani  1680.    Lond.  1682,  and  83.  qu. 
(2)  A  Defence  (if  the  Declaraticm  of  King  Ch.  11. 
against  a  Pamphlet  .stiled,  '  and  modest  Vin- 
dication of  the  Proceedings  of  the  txco  last  Parlia- 

mcnt.i' printed  with,  and  added  to,  the  Address. 

(S)  A  Defence  of  Sir  Rob.  Filmer  the  Mis- 
takes and  R'epre.ientationsofAlgcrnoon  Sidney  Esq; 
in  a  Paper  delivered  by  him  to  the  Sheriffs  upon 
the  Scaffold  on  Tmeer-hill,  on  Friday  Dec.  7.  lo83, 
before  his  Execution  there.  Lond.  l684,  in  4  sheets 
and  an  half  in  fol.  (4)  The  Ju-itke  of  Peace  his 
Calling;  a  moral  Essay.    Lond.  1684.  oct.  [and 

•*  [Vid.  Camdeni  Vita  per  Smith,  pag.  Ixiv.     Lo-veday.] 

Lond.  1693,  Bodl.  8vo.  N.  37.  Line.].  (5)  A  Pre- 
face  and  Conclusion  to  Sir  Rob.  Filmer. i  Rook, 

cntit. '■  Patriarcha ;    or   the   natural  Law  of 

Kings,''  &c.     Added  to  the  second  and  jwrfect  i-d*. 

tion  of  that  l)ook Lond.  l()8.j.  oct.    (6)  A  Get>m. 

graphical  Dictionary,  representing  tlie  prMent> 
ana  antient  Names  of  all  the  Countries,  Pn/vincet; 
remarkable  Cities,  c^c.  of  the  Toliole  World,  tciih.a 
.ihort  hi.itorical  Account  of  the  same  and  their  pre- 
sent State.  Lond.  1688.  "oct.  (7)  The  History  (if 
the  Desertion  :  or,  an  Account  of  all  the  puljlic 
Affairs  in  England,  from  the  beginning  o/'  Sept. 
1688,  to  the  Uth  of  Febr.folUncing.  Umd.  1689. 
Oct.  [Bodl.  C.  11.  7.  Line]  (8)  An  Answer  to  a 
Piece  called,  '  Tlw  Desertion  discussed ;'  in  a  Let- 
ter to  a  Country  Gentleman,  printed  at  Uie  end  of 
The  History  of  Desertion.  Tlie  .said  ])ami)lilet, 
called  The  De.iertion  discussed,  was  written  by  Jcr. 
Collier  of  Cambridge.  (9)  The  Doctrine  of 'Pas- 
sive Obedience  or  Non-resi.itatKe  /to  Way  concent'd 
in  the  Controversies  now  depending  between  the 


WiUiamites  ami  Jacobites.  ■  Lond.  1689.  qu.  Id 
the  24th  jwge  of  which  Ixwk  is  a  passage  concemin|^ 
Dr.  Ken  bishop  of  Bath  and  Wells;  whicli,  Mr. 
Bohim  is  satisfied,  is  not  true ;  and  therefore  he  de- 
sires  that,  and  the  whole  paragraj>h  in  which  it  is, 
may  l»e  cancefd.  (10)  Life  of  John  Jezcell  Bisfiop 
of  Sallibury,  as  I  shall  tell  you  by  and  by.  "  (II) 
"  Three  Charges  delivered  at  tlie  General  Quarter 
"  Sessions  holden  at  Ip.iwich,  for  the  County  of 
"  Siffolk,  in  the  Years  1691,  and  92.  Lond.  1693. 
"  qu'.  [Bodl.  C.  8.  18.  Line.]  In  the  preface  to 
''  which  is  his  Vindication  from  the  Calumnies  and 
"  Mistakes  cast  on  him,  on  the  Account  of  his  Geo- 
"  gi'aphical  Dictionary.  (12)  Tlte  great  Histo- 
"  rical.  Geographical  and  Poetical  Dictionary,  8tc. 
"  Lond.  1694.  fol.  wherein  are  inserted,  the  last 
"five  Years  Historical  and  Geographical  Collec- 
"  tions  ichicJi  the  said  Edm.  Bohun,  esq;  dc.iigned 
"  _^r  his  own  Geographical  Dictionary,  and  never 
"  extant  till  in  this  Work^  He  hath  also  trans, 
latefl  into  English  several  things,  among  -which  is 
(1)  The  Origin  ofAtlwism  in  tlte  Popi.ih  and  Pro- 
testant Churclies,  .ihewn  by  Dorotheas  Sicurus 

Lond.  1684.  qu.  (2)  An  Apology  of  the  Church 
of  England,  and  an  Epistle  to  one  Seignior  Sripio 
a  Venetian  Gent,  concerning  the  Council  of  Trent. 
Lond.  1685.  in  oct.  written  bv  Joh.  Jewell,  some- 
times B.  of  Salisbury.  To  which  is  atlded  a  brief 
of  the  life  of  the  said  Jewell,  collected  by  Mr.  B<v 
hun,  from  the  large  life  of  the  said  person,  written 
by  Dr.  Laur.  Humphrey.  (3)  The  Method  and 
Order  of  reading  both  Civil  and  Eccle.iiastical  His- 
tories, as  I  have  told  you  before.'     (4)   The  uni-. 

*  [This  translation  is  eniilleil  Tin  Method  and  Order  <ff 
Jleading  loth  Civil  and  Ecclesiastical  Hiitories.  in  which  the 
most  excellent  Historians  are  reducedinlo  the  Order  in  whieh 
they  are  successively  to  he  read ;  and  the  Judgments  of  learn- 
ed Men  concerning  such  of  them,  suhjoi^d,  by  Degoru 
Wheare,    Camden  Reader  of  History  in  O^ord.     To  tchicA 






versal  Historical  Bibliotlieqtte :  or  an  Account  of 
the  most  considerable  Books  printed  in  all  Lan- 
guages: wherein,  a  sliort  Account  is  given  of  the 
Design  of  almost  every  Book,  and  the  Quality  of 
the  Author,  if  known.     For  Jan.  Feb.  and  IVIar. 

of  the  year  lo87 Discontinued  by  the  death  of 

George  Wells  a  iKiokseller,  lately  living  in  S.  Paul's 
churcli-yanl  in  Loudon.  (5)  The  ^5th  and  2(jth 
Book  °  of  (he  general  History  of  the  Reformation  of 
ilie  Church  from  the  Errors  and  Corruptions  of 
the  Church  of  Rome,  began  in  Germany  by  Mart. 
I^uther.  Loud.  1689-  written  in  Latin  by  John  Slei- 
dan  LL.D.  with  a  continuation  in  three  books  from 
the  year  1556,  to  tlie  year  1562.  (6)  The  present 
State  of  Germany :  or,  an  Account  of  the  Extent, 
Rise,  Form,  Wealth,  Sfc.  of  that  Emjiire,  8lc. 
Lond.  I69O.  Oct.  written  in  Lat.  by  Sam.  Pufen- 
dorf  under  a  borrowed  name.  What  other  things ' 
he  hath  written  and  translated  I  know  not ;  sure  I 
am  that  our  author  Whear,  hath,  besides  the  be- 
fore-mentioned things,  published  these  following, 

Parentatio  Historica.  Sive  Commemoratio  Vitw 
4"  Mortis  V.  C.  Gidiel.  Cambdeni  Clarentii,  facta 
Oxoniw  in  Schola  Historica,  12  Nov.  1626.  Oxon. 
1628.  Oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  Z.  11.  Th.  Seld.] 

Dedicatio  Imaginis  Camdenianoe  in  Scliola  His- 
torica, 12  Nov.^  1626.  Oxon.  1628.  oct. 

J^nstolurum  Eucharisticarum  Fasciculus. 

Ctiaristeria.  These  two  last  are  printed  and  go 
■with  Dedicatio  Imaginis,  &c.  He  hath  also  writ- 
ten Lectures  on  the  three  Books  of  the  Punic  War, 
in  Luc.  Florus,  which  arc  now  about  to  be  pub- 
lished. At  length  departing  this  mortal  life  on  the 
first  of  August  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  seven, 
was  buried  on  the  third  day  of  the  same  month  in 
Exeter  coll.  chappel.  His  study  of  books  and  col- 
lections in  MS.  came,  after  his  death,  into  the  hands 
of  his  old  friend  Francis  Rouse  provost  of  Eaton 
coU.  near  to  Windsor,  and  his  lectures  in  MS.  to 
Bodley's  library.  He  left  also  behind  him  a  widow 
and  cniJdj-en,?.,who  soon  after  became  poor,  and 

is  added.  An  Appendix  concerning  the  Historians  of  Parti- 
cular Nations,  as  well  Ancient  as  Modern,  hy  Nicholas 
Horseman.  The  third  Edition,  with  Amendments ;  with  Mr. 
DodtoeH's  Invitation  to  Gentlemen  to  acquaint  themselves 
with  Ancient  History.  Made  English  and  enlarged  hy  Ed- 
mund Bohiin,  Esq.  8vo.    1698.     Wanlf.y.] 

"  [All  ihc  20  bdoks  thereof.     Watts.] 

'  [The  Character  of  Queen  Elizabeth  :  or.  a  full  and  clear 
Account  of  her  Policies  and  the  Methods  of  her  Government 
both  in  Church  and  Stale.  Her  Virtues  and  Defects.  To- 
gethervnlh  the  Characters  of  her  Principal  Ministers  of  Slate 
and  the  greatest  of  the  Affairs  and  Events  that  happened  in 
the  Times.  Collected  and  fait  hfulli/  represented  lit  Edmund 
Bohun,  Esq.  Loud.  I6p3.  8vo.  This  was  translated  into 
French  and  [jrintcd  a  la  Haye  idgh.  8vo.     Wanley.] 

•  [26  Nov.  Sic  in   Camdeni  Pita,  per  Smith,  pag.  Ixx. 


'  I  His  cftlest  son  William  Whear,  who  was  born  in  Dor- 
setshire, was  matriculated  of  Gloucester-hall  in  1623,  aged 
iliirteei>  j  and  another  son,  John,  entered  at  the  same  hall 
hi  l6;J0,  age<l  Ij.    Reg.  Matric.  PP.  fol.  275,  b,  and  276.] 

whetiicr  the  females  hved  honestly,  'tis  not  for  me 
to  dispute  it. 

HENRY  MASON  was  born  in  a  market-town 
in  Lancashire  called  Wygan  or  Wig^n,  became  a 
servitor  of  Brasen-nose  coll.  in  the  beginning  of 
1592,  elected  one  of  Humph.  Ogle's  ejuiibitioners 
thereof  2  Nov.  1593,  took  one  degree  in  arts  two 
years  after,  entred  into  holy  orders,  and  became 
chaplain  of  Corp.  Ch.  coll.  in  1 602.  The  next  year 
he  proceeded  in  arts,  and  seven  yeai's  after  was  ad- 
mitted to  the  reading  of  the  sentences.  At  length 
being  made  chaplain  to  Dr.  Jo.  King,  bish.  of  Lond. 
was  by  his  endeavom's,  as  I  suppose,  made  rector 
of  S.  Andrew's  Undershaft  in  that  city ;  where  by 
his  exemplary  life,  edifying  and  judicious  preaching 
and  writing  he  did  great  benefit,  and  was  by  all  that 
knew  him,  accounted  a  true  son  of  tlie  church  of 
England.     His  writings  are 

The  new  Art  of  Lying,  covered  by  Jesuits  under 
the  Veil  of  Equivocation.  Lond.  1624.  qu.  there 
again  1634.  in  tw.  [Bodl.  8vo.  B.  234.  Line] 

Christian  Humiliation :  or,  a  Treatise  of  Fast- 
ing, with  a  brief  Discourse  of  Lent.  Lond.  1625. 
qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  A.  64.  Th.  aiid  1627.  4to.  revised 
and  enlarged.] 

Epicure''s  Fast :  or,  a  sltort  Discourse  discover- 
ing the  Licentiousness  of  the  Rom.  Ch.  in  her  reli- 
gious Fasts.  Lond.  [I626.]  1628.  in  qu. 

Tribunal  of  the  Conscience :  or,  a  Treatise  of 
Examination.  Lond.  1626,  27.  qu.  "Lond.  1634.' 
"  tw.  4th  edit." 

"  The  Cure  of  Cares ;  or,  «"  sJiort  Discourse 
declaring  the  Condition  of  Worldly  Cares,  with 
some  Remedies  appointed  for  them.  Lond.  1628. 
"  Lond.  1634.  tw.  3d.  edit."  [Bodl.  8vo.  B.  324. 

Certain  Passages  in  Mr.  Sam.  Hoard''s  Book, 
entit.  God^s  Love  to  Mankind,  Stc-  Answer'd  by 
Dr.  Twisse  under  the  name  of  Additions,  in  his 
Riches  of  God'' s  Love  to  the  Vesseh  of  Mercy,  Stc. 
as  I  have  told  you  before  in  Dr.  Twisse. 

"  Contentment  in  God^s  Gifts,  &c.  Lond.  16S4. 
«  tw." 

Hearing  and  doing  the  ready  Way  to  Blessed, 
ness.  Lond.  1635.  in  tw.  [Bodl.  8vo.  M.  171.  Th.] 

Rules  for  right  Hearing  of  God's   Word- 

printed  with  the  former  book. 

Several  sermons,  as  (1)  The  Christian's  Fast,  &c. 
on  Matth.  4.  2.  Lond.  1627.  qu.  (2)  Contentment 
in  God''s  Gifts:  or  some  Sermon  Notes  leading  to 
Equanimity  and  Contentation ;  on  Joh.  20.  3,  4, 
5,  6.  Lontl  1630.  in  tw.  [Bodl.  8vo.  T.  50.  Th.] 
(3)  Sermon  on  Luke  11.  28.  This  I  have  not  seen, 
nor  a  MS.  in  fol.  containing  matters  of  divinity, 
which  he  left  in  the  hands  of  his  acquaintance  Dr. 
Gilb.  Sheldon,  afterwards  archb.  of  Cant.  From 
whom  it  came  to  Dr.  Dolben  bishop  of  Roch.  after- 
wards of  YA*k,  in  whose  possession  it  was  when  he 
died.     At  length  when  the  puritan  or  presbyterian 





began  to  he  dominant  in  1641,  our  author  Mason 
through  vexation,  occasionM  by  that  jiarty,  was 
forccil  soon  after  to  leave  his  rectory  of  S.  Andrew's 
before-niention'd,  purposely  to  make  n»in  for  a 
goclly  brother.'  Afterwards  he  retired  with  his 
g(xxjs  and  books  to  Wygan  his  native  place,  where 
living  in  obscurity  for  some  years,  (not  without  vex- 
ation l)y  the  rebels)  surrendred  up  iiis  most  pious 
and  devout  soul  to  him  that  first  gave  it,  in  his 
house  situate  and  being  in  a  street  there  called 
Scoles,  in  the  beginning  of  August  in  sixteen  hun- 
1^47-  dred  forty  and  seven,  and  in  that  of  his  age  74,  or 
thereal)outs,  and  was  buried  on  the  seventh  day  of 
the  same  month  in  the  yard  or  cemetery,  close  to 
the  ground-^vork  of  the  pillar  or  buttress  at  the  east 
end  of  the  cluirch  at  Wygan.  He  had  before  given 
to  the  poor  of  that  town  13/.  per  an.  to  bind  poor 
children  apprentices,  his  library  of  books  to  the 
school ;  and  a  considerable  number  of  bibles  to  the 
poorer  sort  of  people  for  their  children  there. 

[1611,  15  Jan.  Hen.  Mason  S.  T.  B.  collat.  ad 
vicariam  de  Hillingdon  cum  capella  de  Uxbridge, 
per  resign.  Tho.  Awsten  A.  M. 

1612,  18  Dec.  Ricardus  Bourn  A.  M.  coll.  ad 
vicar,  de  Hillingdon  cum  capella  de  Uxbridge  per 
resign.  Henr.  Mason. 

Eodem  die  Henricus  Mason  S.  T.  B.  coll.  ad 
eccl.  santi  Matthei,  Friday  street,  per  mortem  Joh; 

1613,  14  Febr.  Henr.  Mason  S.  T.  B.  coll.  ad 
eccl.  S.  Andreas  Undershaft  cum  ecclesia  sive  ca- 
pella S.  Mariae  at  Axe  eidem  annex,  per  mortem 
Joh.  Dixe  S.  T.  P. 

1616,  17  Oct.  Henr.  Mason  S.  T.  B.  coll.  ad 
preb.  de  Willesdon  (in  eccl.  Paul.)  per  mort.  Tho. 
Kinge;  quam  resign,  ante  29  Mar.  1637.  Ken- 

A  Letter  to  Dr.  Thomas  Jackson,  see  his  Works, 
\,  600. 

A  Letter  to  Mr,  Joseph  Mede,  see  also  his  Works, 
page  769.     Loved  ay.] 

JOHN  VERNEUIL  (VernuUus)  was  bom  in 
the  city  of  Bourdcaux  in  France,  educated  in  the 
university  of  Mountalban  till  he  was  mast,  of  arts, 
flew  from  his  country  for  religion  sake,  being  a 
protestant,  and  went  into  England,  where  he  had 
his  wants  supplied  for  a  time  by  sir  Tho.  Leigh. 
Afterwards  he  retired  to  the  university  of  Oxon.  in 
1608,  and  on  the  fourth  day  of  Nov.  in  the  same 
year,  being  then  25  years  of  age,  he  was  matricu- 
lated in  the  university  as  a  member  of  Magd.  colli 
from  which  house  as  from  others  he  received  relief. 

'  [The  person  who  succeeded  Mason  in  St.  Andrew  Un- 
dcrshafi  was  Dr.  John  Pritchard,  who  soon  suffrcd  for  the 
same  royal  cause.     Kennet. 

He  did  not  thereby  make  room  for  a  godly  brother,  as  my 
author  intimates,  for  he  was  succeeded  therein  by  Mr.  Joha 
Prichet,  who  soon  after  suffered  in  the  same  cause,  as  may 
be  seen  in  what  is  written  of  him  among  the  prebei^daries  of 
Mora.     Newconrl,  Reperlorium,  i,  SSp.j 

In  1625  he  was  incorpor.ittnl  m.uster  of  arts,  lK«ing 
then  second-keeper  of  Bo<lley's  library,  where  h<' 
performed  gtMnl  service  for  that  place,  and  wrote  for 
the  of  the  sttidents  there,  these  things  following, 

Catalog-US  Interpretum  S.  Scrir)tura-,jitxta  Xv- 
meronim  Ordincm,  qui  extant  in  Bibl.  Bodl.  Oxon. 
1635.  (pi.  sec.  edition.  The  first  was  began  by 
Dr.  Tho.  James. 

Elcnclius  Auihorum,  turn  recentium  quam  anti- 
qtwrum,  qui  in  4  Libras  Scnteiitiarum  ^  Thomw 
Aqninatis  summas,  item  in  Evangelia  Dominicalia 
totius  Anni,  4"  de  Casibus  Consctentiic ;  necnon  in 
Orationem  Dominicam,  Symbolum  Apostolorum,  ^ 
Decalogum  scripserunt.  This  is  pnnted  with  the 
Cat.  Interpretum,  &c.  an.  1635. 

Nomenclator  of  such  Ti-acts  and  Sermons  as 
have  been  printed,  and  translated  into  Eufflisli  upon 
any  Place,  or  B(X)k  of' the  Holy  Scripture,  now  to 
be  had  in  Bodley^s  Library.  Oxon.  1(537,  42.  in  fw. 
[Bodl.  8vo.  F.  108.  Line,  j  He  alsf)  translated  from 
French  into  English,  A  Tract  of  the  Soveraign 
Judge  of  Controversies  in  Mutters  of  Religion. 
Oxon.  1628.  cju.  written  by  Joh.  Camcn)n  D.D.  of 
Saumur,  divinity  professor  in  the  academy  of  Mount- 
alban, afterwiu-rts  principal  of  Gla.sgow  in  Scotland." 
And  from  English  into  Latin*  a  Ixwk  entit.  Of  the 
Deceitfulness  of  Maris  Heart.  Gcnev.  1634.  oct. 
written  by  Dan.  Dyke  of  Cambridge.  The  ssud 
Jolin  Verneuil  died  in  his  house  within,  and  near, 
the  east-gate  of  the  city  of  Oxon,  in  the  latter  end 
of  September  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  seven, 
and  was  buried  on  the  last  day  of  the  same  month 
in  the  church  of  St.  Peter  in  the  east,  withui  the 
said  city ;  at  which  time  our  public  library  lost  an 
honest  and  useful  servant,  and  his  children  a  good 

"THOMAS  HABINGTON  or  Abingtov,  son 
of  John  Habington  of  HentUip  in  Worcestershire 
esq;  son  of  Rich.  Habington  of  Brokhampton  in 
Herefoi-dshire,  was  born  at  Thorpe  near  to  Chert- 
sey  in  Surrey,  on  the  23  Aug.  1560,  (at  which 
time  and  before  the  manor  thereof  belonged  to  liis 
father.)  and  at  about  16  years  of  age  he  became  a 
commoner  of  Lincoln  cofl.  where  spending  alx)ut 
three  years  in  .icadeniicjil  studies,  was  taken  thence 
by  his  father  and  sent  to  the  universities  of  Paris 
and  Rheimes  in  France.  After  some  time  spent 
there  in  go<xl  letters,  he  returned  into  England, 
and  expressing  and  shewing  himself  an  adherent 
to  Mary  qu.  of  Scots  (who  plottetl  with  Anth. 
Babington  against  qu.  Elizalieth)  was  committed 
]irisoncr  to  Uie  Tower  of  London,  where  conti- 
nuing six  yeai's,  he  profited  more  in  that  time  in 
several  sorts  of  leai'ning,  than  he  had  before  in  all 
liis  life.     Aflerwards  he  retired  to  Hendlip  before- 



'  [Not  so,  but  into  French  :  La  Desfoverle  de  la  Cavltl- 
ledo  Cocr  de  VHomme.  Ou  La  Sonde  la  Conscience.  Genev. 
1634.  Bodl.  8vo.  D.  83.  Th.  given  by  the  translator  to  the 



"  mentioird,  (the  manor  of  which  his  tathei-  hail 
"  setled  upon  liiiii)  took  to  wile  Marv  the  eldest 
"  daughter  of  Edward  lord  Morloy  by  Elizabeth 
"  his  w-ife,  daugh.  and  sole  heir  of  sir  AVill.  Stanley 
"  kniffht,  lord  Mountcagle,  and  at  riper  years  sur- 
"  vey\i  ^Vorcestershire,  niade  a  collection  of  most 
"  of  its  antiquities  fi-om  records,  registers,  evidences 
"  both  private  and  public,  monumental  inscriptions 
"  and  arms.  Part  of  this  book  I  have  seen  and 
"  perused,  and  find  that  every  leaf  is  a  sufficient 
"  testimony  of  his  generous  and  virtuous  mind,  of 
"  his  indefatigable  industry  and  infinite  reading. 
"  'Tis  to  be  wished  that  some  gentlemen  of  other 
"  counties  would  follow  his  and  tlie  generous  exam- 
"  pie  of  Dugdale  of  Warwickshire,  Burton  of  Lei- 
"  cestersliire,  Thoroton  of  Nottinghamshire,  &c. 
"  thereby  to  advance  the  honour  of  their  respective 
<,".  eounties,  and  families  therein,  and  not  to  live  like 
?*. idle. heirs  of  their  ancestors  titles:  Also  that  the 
"  credit  of  the  nobUity  and  gentry  might  once  again 
"  advance,  and  the  honors  and  titles  might  not  be 
."  ashamed  of  the  persons  that  vainly  bear  them. 
"  This  worthy  person  Th.  Habington  left  behind 
"  him  in  manuscript  of  his  own  composition,  these 
."  things  following, 

"  The  Ant'tquities  and  Survey  of  Worcestershire 
«  — ^'Tis  written  with  his  own  hand  in  a  large  fol. 
"  but  not  perfect  or  totally  siu^ey'd. 

"  Of  me  Cathedral  Church  and  Bishops  of 
"  Worcester. — Tiiis  is  also  written  in  a  tliin  folio ; 
ffthe  beginning  of  which  is,  '  Gotl's  eternal  empire 
f*  of  heaven  endureth  for  ever,'  &c.  The  succession 
i'  of  the  bishops  reacheth  down  to  John  Alcock  in 
{*  the  copy  which  I  have  seen.  He  also  translated 
5'  into  English,  The  Ejnstle  of  Gildas  a  Britain, 
"  entit.  De  Excidio  ^  Conquestu  Britannicc.  Lond. 
"  1638  in  oct.  [Bodl.  Crynes  8vo.  251.]  Before 
"which  he  hath  put  a  large  preface,  written  to  the 
"  inhabitants  of  Britain.  Which  translation  and 
"  preface  were  made  during  his  lingring  imprison- 
"  nient  for  matters  relating  to  the  Powder  Plot. 
^  -Jle  liad  a  considerable  hand  also  in  The  History 
"of  Ed.  4.  K.  of  Englaiul,  published  under  the 
"  name  of  Will.  Habington  his  son,  and  in  other 
[110]  "  matters  fit  for  the  press.  At  length  after  he  had 
"  lived  to  the  age  of  87  years,  surrendred  up  his 
"  jHous  soul  to  Grod  at  Hendlip  near  Worcester,  on 
"  the  8th  of  Octolx'r  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and 
'f  seven,  and  was  buried  by  his  father  in  a  vault 
"  under  the  chancel  of  the  church  there.  His  father 
"  Joh.  Habington  being  coflferer  to  queen  Eliza- 
"  beth,  the  life  of  this  Thomas,  who  was  godson  to 
"  her,  was  saved,  having  been  engaged  in  the  trea- 
"  sons  of  Mary  qu.  of  Scots ;  but  Edward,  younger 
*'  brother  to  the  said  Thomas,  who  was  also  engaged 
"  in  them,  and  a  person  of  a  turbulent  spirit  and 
"  nature,  was  witli  others  executed  in  S.  Giles's  in 
"  the  Fields  near  London  the  20th  Sept.  1586,  at 
"  which  time  he  cast  out  threats  and  terrors,  of  the 
"  blood  that  was  ere  long  to  be  shed  ui  England. 

"  The  said  Thomas  also  (<jur  author)  for  his  entcr- 
"  tainiiig  and  concealing  Garnet  and  Alcome  two 
"  popish  priests  (deeply  engaged  in  the  powdei-plot) 
"  111  his  house  at  Hendlip,  was,  as  'tis  said,  con- 
"  deinned  to  die,  but  by  the  endeavours  of  William 
"  lord  Mount-Eagle  (whose  sister  Mary  he  had 
."  married,  as  I  have  l)efore  told  you,  I  mean  the 
"  same  Mary  who  ^vrote '  and  sent  a  letter  to  the 
"  said  lord,  which  was  the  original  discovery  of  the 
"  said  plot)  he  was  reprieved  and  at  length  par- 
"  doned.  His  son  William  Habington  befbrc-men- 
"  tioned,  was  born  at  Hendlip,  on  the  ■♦  fourth  (some 
"  say  the  fifth)  day  of  November  1605,  educated  in 
"  S.  Omers  and  Paris ;  in  the  of  whicii  he  was 
"  earnestly  invited  to  take  upon  him  the  habit  of 
"  the  Jesuits,  but  by  excuses  got  free  and  left  them. 
"  After  his  return  from  Paris,  being  then  at  man's 
"  estate,  he  was  instructed  at  home  in  matters  of 
"  history  by  his  father,  and  became  an  acconiplish'd 
"  gentleman.  He  hath  written  and  published  (1) 
"  Poems,  Lond.  1635,  in  oct.  sec.  edit,  under  the 
"  title  of  Castara.^  They  are  divided  into  three 
"  parts,  under  a  different  title  suitable  to  their  sub- 
"  ject.  The  first,  which  was  written  when  lie  was 
"  a  suiter  to  his  wife,  (the  humane  goddess  that  in- 
"  spired  him,  viz.  Lucia  daughter  of  Will,  lord 
"  Powis  ')  is  usher'd  in,  by  a  character  writ  in  prose, 
"  of  a  mistress.  The  second,  arc  copies  writ  to  her 
"  after  marriage,  by  the  character  of  a  wife :  after 
"  which  is  a  character  of  a  friend,  before  several  fu- 
•  '  neral  elegies.  The  third  part  consists  of  diyine 
"  poems,  some  of  which  are  paraphrases  on  se- 
"  veral  texts  out  of  Job  and  tlie  book  of  Psalnu ; 
"  before  which  is  the  pjrtraict  of  a  holy  man.  (2) 
"  Queen^f  Arragon,  a  trag.  com.  which  play  he 
"  communicating  to  Philip  earl  of  Pembroke  1. 
"  chamberlain  of  the  houshold  to  K.  Charles  I. 
^'  he  caused  it  to  be  acted  at  court,  and  afterwards 

'  So  I  have  been  informed  by  sit  Will.  Dugdale,  Garter 
king  of  arms. 

■*  So  have  I  been  instructed  by  letters  from  his  son  Tho. 
Habinp:lon  esq;  dated  S  Jan.  1()72. 

*  [The  first  edition  of  Habingion's  Castara  was  printed  in 
l()34,  and  is  one  of  the  rarest  volumes  of  |)Ociry  of  that  pe- 
riod. It  contains  two  pans  only,  consisting  of  seventy-eight 
pages  exclusive  of  the  tiile,  preiace  and  some  lines  by  G.  T. 
'  to  his  best  friend  and  kinsman  on  his  Castara,'  forming  one 
sheet  more  in  4lo.  The  second  edition  was  l635,  the  third 
lG40,  both  in  ISnio;  the  last,  edited  by  C.  A.  Elton,  esq. 
was  printed  in  1815,  8vo.  and  well  deserves  a  place  in  the 
library  of  every  lover  of  early  English  poetry.  I  could  will- 
ingly quote  a  nundrid  be;uities  from  this  exqnisite  volume, 
but  as  Wood  says,  time  c.ills  and  I  must  liastcn  away — add 
to  which  abundant  specimens  of  his  poetry  will  be  found  in 
Ellis,  Htadlcy,  Censura  Lileraria,  and  that  elegant  publica- 
tion entitle<l  Tlie  Lyre  of  Love,  2  vol.  8vo.  Lmd.  I806.] 

^  [NotwithstandingHabington'saccomplishments,  it  seems 
he  had  some  difficulty  in  reconciling  the  friends  of  his  wife 
to  his  union  with  her.  In  some  lines  addressed  to  her  father 
after  their  marfiage,  he  entreats  him  to  bless  them,  and 

'  Kor  grieve,  my  lard,  'tis  perfected — ' 
from  which,  perhaps,  it  may  be  inferred  that  the  ceremony 
was  clandestine.] 




"  to  be  publisird  iigainst  tlie  authors  will.'  (3) 
"  Obnervations  upon  Historij.  LdihI.  16-il.  oct.  (4) 
"  History  of  Edward  the  fourth,  Kin^  i)f' England. 
«  Lond. '1640.  in  a  thin  Vol.  [Hodl.  AA.  51.  Art.] 
"  written  and  published  at  the  desire  of  K.  (.'harles  I. 
"  being  then  by  many  esteemed  to  have  a  stile  suf- 
"  ficiently  florid,  and  better  becoming  a  ]Kx;tieal, 
"  than  historical,  subject.  This  person  Will.  Ha- 
"  bington,  who  did  run  with  the  tunes,  and  was  not 
"  unknown  to  Oliver  the  usuqier,  died  on  the  30th 
"  of  November  1654,  and  was  buried  in  the  vault 
"  befoi'e-mentioned  by  the  bodies  of"  his  father  and 
"  grand-father.  The  MSS  wliich  he  (and  his  father) 
"  left  behind,  are  in  the  hands  of  his  son  Thomas, 
"  and  might  be  made  useful  for  the  pubhc,  il"  in 
"  others.'' 

[Thomas  Habington's  papers  were  purchased  by 
Dr.  Thomas  for  twenty  guineas,^  and  so  much  from 
them  as  relates  to  the  cathedral  was  printed  under 
this  title  The  Antiquities  of  the  Cathedral  of  Wor- 
cester. (Bodl.  Gough  Worcester  4,  with  MS.  notes 
by  Browne  Willis,)  Lond.  1717,  and  1723  8vo. 
After  Dr.  Thomas's  death  they  amie  into  the  hands 
of  Charles  Lvttleton,  bishop  of  Carlisle,  who  left 
tliem  to  the  library  of  the  society  of  antiquaries ; 
they  were  inspected  by  Mr.  Nash  for  his  history  of 
that  county,  but  if  we  may  trust  the  character  given 
of  them  by  Dr.  William  Hopkins,  are  of  no  great 
value :  '  he  is  sure  (he  says)  by  what  he  has  seen 
that  there  are  many  great  defects  and  errors  in 
them :  that  Mr.  Abmgdon  never  had  access  to  the 
Cottonian  library  ;  that  he  was  no  Saxonist,  and  had 
taken  many  things  upon  trust ;  that  his  style  was 
ill,  and  his  way  of  writing  so  tedious,  that  it  was 
necessary  to  write  the  book  anew  in  a  great  part  to 
fit  it  for  the  press.' »] 

ROBERT  PINK,  son  of  Hen.  Pink  of  Kemp- 
shot  in  the  parish  of  Winslade  in  Hampshire,  was 
Iwrn  there,  educated  in  Wykeham's  school  near 
Winchester,  admitted  true  and  perpetual  fellow  of 
New  coll.  in  1596,  took  the  degrees  in  arts,  entred 
on  the  physic  hne,  was  admitted  bach,  in  that  fa- 
culty 1612,  afterward  studied  divinity,  was  elected 
warden  of  his  coll.  1617,  proceeded  in  divinity,  and 

'  \The  Qiieene  of  Arrai^on  a  Tragi-comedie.  London 
Printed  ly  Tko.  Coles  for  IViUiam  Cooke,  and  are  lo  be  sold 
at  his  shop  at  Furnivals  Jnne  gale  in  Hollurne.  1040,  folio. 
(Boiil.  'r.  ig.  Jur.  Seld.)  This  is  a  scarce  drama,  on  which 
account  I  transcribe  a  few  lines  as  a  specimen. 

Distrust,  my  lord. 

Is  the  best  counceler  to  great  designes : 

Our  confidence  betrayes  us.     But  betweene 

These  two  are  other  seeds  of  jealousie  ; 

.Such  as  would  almost  force  religion  breake 

.Her  Ijing  vowes,  authorize  perjurie. 

And  make  the  scrupulous  casuist  say,  that  faith 

Is  the  fooles  vertue. — Sign.  B.  3.] 

"   [^Original  Letter  from  Thomas  Rawlins  lo  Gcor^r  Bal- 
lard, dated  Oct.  20,  1739.   Bibl.  Bodl.  MS.  Ballard  xli.  89.] 
°  [Introd.  lo  the  Hisl.  of  Worccstersh.  p.  ii.] 
Vol.  III. 

was  much  esteemed  by  K.  James  I.  for  liis  dexterity 
in  disputing,  as  by  K.  Charles  I.  fin-  liis  eminent 
loyalty.  He  was  a  zealous  defender  of  tlie  univer- 
sity privileges  and  hbertieit,  especially  when  he  jxt- 
formed  the  office  of  vice-chancellor,  and  estecnieu  by 
all  that  knew  him  most  eminent  for  his  knowledge 
in  philosophy  and  divinity.     He  hath  written, 

Quwstiones  schctiorcs  in  /.^ifficd,  Ethki,  Phy-       [111] 
sica,   Metaphi/sica  inter  Anthore*   cehbriorea  re- 
perta:     Oxon.  1680.  <iu.    [Boill.  4to.  Z.  16.  Art.] 
published  by  John   Lami)hire  principal  of  Hart- 

Poemata.  Latino. 

Gesta  Vicecancellariattis  sui.  'Tis  a  MS.  con- 
taining the  acts  and  gests  of  his  vice-chancellorship 
of  the  university,  from  UG  July  1634,  to  ilH  July 
1636.  It  is  written  in  a  little  thin  fol.  amtaining  80 
pages,  and  hath  therein  several  of  his  speeches 
spoken  in  convocation.  Which  book  I  had  the 
hberty  to  peruse,  when  I  was  composing  the  Hisl. 
4'  Antiq.  of  Univ.  of  Oxon,  and  may  be  useful  to 
curious  men  in  otiier  resj)ects,  if  given  to  a  public 
place,  many  things  Iwing  therein,  tJiat  are  not  entred 
uito  the  public  registers  of  the  university.  He  died 
much  lamented  by  the  members  of  his  coll.  becaus*.* 
he  had  been  a  vigilant,  faithfid  and  ]>ubhc-spirited 
governor ;  by  the  poor  of  the  city  of  Oxon,  because 
he  had  been  a  constant  benefactor  to  them ;  by  the 
orphans,  to  whom  he  had  been  a  father ;  and  gene- 
rally by  all  who  knew  the  great  virtues,  piety,  and 
learning  of  the  person,  on  the  second  day  of  Novenib. 
in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  seven.  Wherenjxjn  "'■*•■ 
his  body  was  buried  in  die  outer  chappel  belonging 
to  New  coil,  between  the  pulpit  and  tlie  screen, 
leaving  then  beliind  him  certain  matters  fit  for  the 
press.  In  1677  Dr.  Ralph  Bridoake  bishop  of 
Chichester,  who  had  in  his  younger  years  ocen 
patroniz'd  by  the  said  Dr.  Pink,  erected,  out  of  gra- 
titude, a  comely  monument  for  him  on  the  west 
wall  of  the  outer  chapjxil,  at  some  distance  from  his 

[In  Honovr  of  the  right  worshipfvH  Dodotir 
Robert  Pinke,  Doctour  of  D'lvini/ic,  and  Warden 
of  New  Colledge  in  Oxford.  Printed  in  the  Yeare 
1648.  This  IS  the  title  page  to  one  sheet  in  4to. 
(which  is  of  the  rarest  occurrence)  containing  four 
|)oems  on  the  death  <rf"  Pink. 

They  were  probably  written  by  New  college 
men,  and  the  curious  reader  will  smile  at  the  singu- 
larity of  the  protluctions,  from  one  extract  only, 
wortliy  of  Butler  himself: 

He  kickt  rebellion  out  of  towne, 
PuU'tl  ignorance  and  atheisme  downe ; 
He  purg'd  the  schtKiles  of  s<Jecisme, 
Refin'd  pedanticke  barbarisme. 
His  silken  phrase  made  logicke  run 
As  smooth  as  calmed  hehcon. 
But  oh'!  hee's  gone,  then  wellcome  bee 
-     DuUnesse  and  stupidity  !  , 







Bume  your  Iwokcs,  or  onely  con 
The  Talmud  or  the  Alkaron ; 
Studdy  voii  may  your  hearts  out,  but 
This  Annhaptist  Death  hath  cut 
All  humane  learning  downe  at  once, 
As  if  he  had  beene  bribed  for  th'  nonce, 
By  th'  Agitatours  to  doe  what 

Yurberry  and  they  could  not 

See  Bodl.  C.  15.  3.  Line. 
See  more  of  Pink  in  the  Fasti,  under  the  year 

WILLIAM  SLATYER,  a  Somersetshire  man 
born,  was  matriculated  as  a  gentleman's  son  of  that 
county,  and  a  member  of  St.  Mary's  hall  in  Lent 
term,  an.  1600,  aged  13  years.  Whence  translating 
himself  to  Brasen-nose  coll.  was  entred  there  as  a 

Plebeian's  son  of  the  same  county  in  July  1607. 
'he  next  year  he  took  a  degi-ce  in  arts,  was  made 
fellow  of  the  said  coll.  proceeded  in  that  faculty 
1611,  entred  into  holy  orders,  was  soon  after  l)cne- 
ficed,  and  in  1623  took  the  degrees  in  divinity,  being 
then  in  gocxl  esteem  for  his  knowledge  in  English 
history,  and  his  excellent  vein  in  Lat.  and  English 
poetry.     His  works  are  these, 

"  ©^vcuJla,  sive  Pandionium  in  perpetuam  sere- 
"  nissimam  simul  ac  heati.ssimam  Principis  Anna: 
"  nuper  AngUa:  Regina  Memoriam. 

"  Elegies  and  Epitaphs  by  W.  S.  late  Servant 
"  and  Clutplain  to  her  Majesty.  Lond.  1619.  in  4 
"  sheets  in  qu.  The  running  title  on  the  top  of 
"  every  page  is  Threnodia  Brittannira.  These 
"  elegies  and  epitaphs  consist  of  Hebrew,  Greek, 
"  Latin,  and  English  verses ;  they  are  printed  in 
"  several  forms,  some  like  pillars,  .some  circular,  some 
"  chronogrammaticaHy." 

Paia-Alhion :  or,  the  History  of  Great  Britain 
from  the  first  Peopling  of  this  Island  to  the  Reign 
ofKingJanws.  LoncT  1621.  fol.  in  Lat.  and  Engl, 
verse,  me  Lat.  on  one  side  and  the  English  on  the 
other ;  with  various  marginal  notes  on  the  English 
side,  relating  to  English  history  and  antiquity. 

Psalms  or  Songs  of  Sion,  turn'd  into  the  Lan- 
guage, and  set  to  the  Tunes  of  a  strange  Land 

Printed  at  London,  but  when  I  know  not,  because 
not  set  down  in  the  title. 

Psalms  in  four  Languages  and  in  Jour  Parts, 
set  to  the  Tunes  of  our  Church — Printed  at  Lond. 
in  tw.  engraven  on  copper. 

"  Genethliacon,  sive  Stemma  *" 

Regis  Jacobi Lond.  1630. 

'Tis  in  a  thin  fol.  in  Lat.  and 
Engl,  and  the  genealogy  is  de- 
What  other  things  he  hath 
published  I  know  not,  nor  any  thing  else  of  him, 
only  that  he  ^ving  way  to  fate  at  Otterden  in  Kent, 
where  he  was  then,  or  before  (as  I  presume)  bene- 
ficed, in  the  month  of  Oct.  or  Nov.  m  sixteen  hun- 
dred forty  and  seven,  was  there  buried,  leaving  be- 
hind him  a  widow  nametl  Sarah.     The  reader  may 

•  Genealogia  Re- 
gis  Jacohiy  S*c.  First 

rived  from  Adam. 

be  pleased  now  to  know  that  one  Will.  Sclater  a  Bed- 
fordshire man  bom,  was  elected  into  King's  coll.  in 
Cambridge  1593,'  was  ai'terwards  vicar  of  Pitmin- 
ster  •  in  Somersetshire,  and  a  publisher  of  several 
sermons,  and  theological  tracts,  as  you  may  sec  in 
Oxford  or  Bodley's  Catalogue  lyf  Books ;  ^  but  this 

'  [Vid.  my  MS.  Collections  (in  the  British  museum) 
vol.  xiv,  p.  223  and  vol.  xv,  p.  110.  CoLE.] 

"  [He  was  D.D.  and  rector  of  Lemshain.  Tanwer.] 

'  [The  Quteslion  of  Tythes  revised.  Argvments  for  the 
Moralilie  if  Ty thing,  enlarged  and  cleared.  Oliections  mmt 
fully  and  distinctly  answered.  Mr.  Selden's  IJistorie,  to 
Jarre  as  Mistakers  haue  made  it  argumentatiue  against  the 
Moralilie  ouer-ly  viewed.  By  William  Sclater,  D.D.  and 
Minister  of  Pitminster  in  Somerset.  London  Printed  by  John 
Legatt,  U)23,  4to.  Dtdic.  to  Arthur  (Lake)  bish.  of  Bath 
and  Wells.  Bodl.  Rawl.  147,  with  AIS  notes,  and  a  trea- 
tise on  the  right  of  tyihes  in  the  same  hand,  which  is  that, 
says  Dr.  Rawjinson,  of  '  some  puritan,  perhaps  a  quaker.' 

A  Key  to  the  Key  of  Scriptme ;  or  an  Exposition  with 
Notes  vpon  the  first  Epislle  to  the  Romanes  ;  the  three  first 
Chapters  begun  at  IVulsall  in  Staffurdshire,  rimcluded  at  Pit- 
minster in  Somerset.  London  Printed  by  T-  S.  for  George 
Norton  and  are  to  be  sold  at  his  shop  neere  Templc-barre . 
iCll.  4lo.  Ded.  to  sir  Henry  Hawley  knighi,  Mr.  John 
Simmes  esq.  Mr.  Rof^er  Warre,  Mr.  Kichard  Warre,  Mr. 
Thomas  Warre  esquires. 

The  Minis'ers  Portion;  sermon  on  1  Cor.  9.  13,  14.  At 
O.rford,  Printed  by  Joseph  Barnes.  l6l2,  4to.  Ded.  to  Mr 
Thomas  Southcot  esquire  at  Moones  Otery  in  Devon.  Bodl. 
4to.  F.  34.  Th. 

The  Sick  Sovls  Salve;  sermon  on  Prov.  18.  14.  At  Oxford, 
(Sfc.  1612.  Ded.  to  Mr.  .lohn  Horner  esquire  and  to  the 
devout  Anna  his  wife  at  Melles  in  Somerset.  Bodl.  4to. 
V.  34.  Th. 

The  Christian's  Strength ;  sermon  on  Phil.  4.  13.  At 
Oxford,  (Sfc.  1612.  410.  Ded.  to  Mr.  William  Hill  esquire 
at  Pitminster,  Somerset.  Bodl.  4to.  F.  34.  Th. 

An  Exposition,  with  Notes  vpon  the  Etrst  Epistle  to  the 
Thessalonians.  London  Printed  by  JV.  Stansby  for  Henri* 
Felherslone,  and  are  to  be  sold  at  his  shop  in  Pauls  Church- 
yard at  the  signe  of  the  Rose,  lCl().  4io.  Ded.  to  the  lord 
Stanhope,  baron  of  Haringdon.  Bodl.  4to.  S.  37-  Th. 

A  briefe  Exposition,  with  Notes  vpon  the  Second  Epistle 
to  the  Thessalonians.  London  Printed  by  Augustine  Ma- 
Ikewes  for  Richard  Thrale,  and  are  to  be  sold  at  the  Crosse 
Keyes  at  Pauls  gate,  1629.  4to.  Ded.  to  John  Powlet  es- 
quire his  very  honourable  good  patron  and  Elizabeth  his 
wife,  his  much  honoured  patronesse.     Bodl.  4lo.  L.  35. Th. 

Ulriusque  Epistolas  ad  Corinlhios  Explicatio  anulytica  una 
cum  Scholis  :  Authore  Gul.  Sclaliro  SS.  Theol.  Doctore,  nunc 
tandem  a  filio  suo  Coll.  Regalis  in  Acadcmia  Canlab.  Socio 
in  Lucem  edila.     O.vonia;  excudcbat  Gulielmus  Turner,  An. 

Dom.   1633 tto.  Ded.  Edvardo  Kelletio  S.  T.  D.  snncti 

Petri  apud  Exoniensis  residentiario,  nee  non  M.  Georgio 
Goadio  coll.  llegalis  in  acadeniia  Cantabrig.  socio,  suo  non 
ila  pridem  tutori  dilcctissimo.     Bodl.  D.  18.  12.  Line. 

A  briff  and  plain  Commentary  with  Notes;  not  more  use- 
ful than  seasonable,  upon  the  whole  Prophecie  if  Malachi/. 
Delivered  Sermon-wise,  divers  Years  since  at  Pitminster  in 
Summerset,  by  William  Sclater  (Sfc  :  Now  published  by  his 
Son  fViltiam  Sclater,  Batchelar  in  Divinity,  late  Fellow  of 
Kings  Colledg  in  Cambridg,  now  Minister  of  Collomplon  in 
Devon.  London  Printed  by  J.  L.for  Christopher  Meredith 
at  the  sign  of  the  Crane  in  Pauls  Church  Yard  I()50.  4to. 
Ded  to  Mr.  Henry  Walrond  of  Bradtield,  Devon.  Bodl.  4to. 
C.  20.  Th.  BS. 

An  Expotition  with  Notes  on  the  whole  fourth  Chapter  !o 
the  Romanes.  Wherein  the  grand  Question  if  Justificatiort 
by  Faith  alone  without  Works  is  controverted,  stated,  cleared. 





[11"J  person  whoso  sirnaiiiL-  difl'ors  from  him  who  was  the 
poet  before- men tiori'd,  must  not  be  taken  to  be  the 
same  witli  him,  as  some  to  my  knowledge  have  done. 
He  died  in  1626,  and  left  behind  him  a  son  of  bit  h 
his  names,  who  was  born  at  Pitminster,  was  fellow 
of  King's  coll.-*  also,  and  afterwards  minister  of  Co- 
lumpton  in  Devon.  [Preacher  in  the  city  of  Exeter* 
and]  prebendary  of  Exeter,  and  doct.  of  div.  He 
hath  several  sermons  in  print,*  of  which  one  is  entit. 
— Papisto-Mastix :  or  DcboraJis  Prayer  against 
God's  Enemies ;  on  Judges  5.  31.  Lond.  1642.  qu. 
[Bodl.  4to.  P.  40.  Th.]  and  hath  published,  An 
Exposition  with  Notes  on  thejburth  chap,  of  the 
Rom.  Lond.  1650.  qu.  written  by  his  father,  &c. 
"  This  is  different  from  the  former  Will.  Sclater 
"  (not  Slatycr)  D.D.  rector  of  Clifton  in  Bedford- 
"  sliire,  and  minister  of  St.  James  Clerkenwell  in 
♦'  Middlesex So  it  is  written  1673. 

"  He  hath  published.  The  Royal  Pay  and  Pay- 
"  master,  or  the  Indigent  Officer's  Comfort,  a  Ser- 
"  mon  preached  before  the  Military  Company,  at  St. 

"  Paufs  Church  in  Covent-Garden,  on Lond. 

"  1671.  qu.  He  was  father  to  an  ingenious  person 
"  call'd  Plane.  Sclater '  bach,  of  divinity,  and  fellow 
"  of  C.  C.  coll.  who  died  about  the  middle  of  May 
"  1685." 

[From  a  marginal  note  to  one  of  the  prefatory 
poems  to  his  Pahe  Albion,  entitled  Authoris  Votum, 
It  seems  that  Slaty er  was  bom  at  Tykenham  in  So- 
mersetshire, near  to  Bristol. 

He  was  presented  in  1625  to  the  rectory  of  Otter- 

and  fully  resolved,  to  llie  saiifjaclion  nf  any  judicious,  con- 
scientious Prolestanl.  Together  with  a  variety  of  other  solid 
Observation,  interwoven  throughout  the  ff'ork.  By  &c.  (as 
before)  London  Printed  by  J.  L.  &c.  (as  before)  4to.  Ded. 
lo  John  Bampfield  of  Poltimore  in  Devon  esq.  a  most 
exhnious  and  exemplary  worthy  of  the  West,  &c.  Bodl. 
410.  C.  W.  Th.  BS.] 

*  [Admiued  hi  King's,  1626.     Baker.] 
»   ^Tanner.] 

•  The  Crowne  of  Righteousness  :  or  the  glorious  Reward 
of  Fidelity  in  the  Discharge  of  our  Duty,  as  it  was  laid  forth 
in  a  Sermon  preached  in  S.  B'ltotphsAldersgate,  London,  Sept. 
25,  1633,  At  the  solemn  Funerall  of  Mr.  Ahrah.  ffheclock, 
Ji.D.  the  first  puHick  Professor  and  Reader  of  Arahick,  and 
of  the  Saxon,  in  the  University  of  Cambridge.  fVhereunto 
isadded.  An  Encomium  of  him .  By  IVilliam  Sclater  Doctor 
iu  Divinity,  now  Preacher  of  the  fp'ord  nf  God  in  Broad 
Street,  Lond.  London  l634,  4to.  Bodl.  4to.  S.  13.  Th. 
Seld.     This  is  a  very  rare  tract. 

The  worthy  Communicant  rewarded,  laid  forth  irt  a  Sermon 
on  John  G,  54,  preached  in  the  Calhedrall  of  St.  Peter  in 
E.xeler,  on  Low  Sunday,  being  the  21  of  April,  Anno  1(139. 
By  William  Sclater  Muster  of  Arts,  late  Fellow  of  King's 
Colledge  in  Cambridge,  now  Chaplaine  of  the  right  reverend 
Father  in  God  the  Lord  Bishop's  Barony  of  Saint  Stephens, 
and  Preacher  also  at  S.  Martin's  in  the  same  city.  London, 
no  date,  Bodl.  4to.  T.  98.  Th.  The  dedication  to  Dr.  Pc- 
tf-rsoii  dean  of  Exeter,  &c.  dated  May  1  I,  l()39.1 

'  [One  Slater  of  Putney  was  of  St.  John's  college,  Oxford, 
matriculated  1(540.  After  the  visitation  in  l648  he  served 
Fyficld in  Berlis.     Tanner. 

'  Edu.  Slatier  Middlesex,  fil.  Edti.  Slalier  de  London. 
pleb.  an.  nat.  17.'     /?fg.  iV/a/ric.  P.P.  fol.  113.} 

den  in  Kent,  which  he  had  a  dispensation  for  hold- 
ing with  that  of  Newchurch.**  He  was  also  trear 
surer  to  the  cathedral  church  of  St.  Davids.* 

He  died  Feb.  14,  1646,  aged  59,  and  was  buried 
at  Otterden.' 

Slatyer's  Latin,  is  superior  to  his  English,  poetry, 
of  which  the  following  lines  give  as  favourable  a 
specimen  as  can  be  procured  on  a  hasty  view  of  the 

Faine  would  I  visit  Phoebus  shrine, 

And  Dodon  oracles  diuine, 

Parnassus  hill,  and  Ph<x;is  fields, 

That  sacred  cells  and  solace  yeelds : 

Pierian  sisters,  honored  nymphs, 

Lou'd  and  ador'd  by  learning's  imp.s, 

Pallas,  faire  Sol,  and  Meranosine, 

O  gently  fauour  my  designes. 

And  slicw  me  out  of  stones  old 

The  warlike  acts  of  Britons  bold  ; 

Or  guide  me  to  the  towre  of  fame 

To  find  their  first  birth,  ere  heauen's  frame. 

Or  earth,  or  sea  was,  Chaos  was. 

And  out  of  that  confused  masse 

Natures  commander  did  produce 

Bright  .stars  for  heauen,  heaun  for  earth's  vse ; 

The  flowry  vales,  the  hills  and  woods. 

Fresh  riuerets,  and  salt  swelling  floods ; 

And  earth,  and  aire,  and  sea,  brought  forth 

Their  wondrous  creatures,  sundrie  sorts  ! 

The  golden  sunne  appeares  in  skie, 

And  dainty  showres  in  clouds  on  hie, 

Whiles  Atlas  on  his  shoulders  beares 

The  burden  of  the  starry  spheares. 

Then  mighty  Joue  cuts  earth  and  heauen 

By  zones,  degrees,  and  portions  eaven ; 

Farre  North  or  South  are  frosts  and  snowes, 

I'  th'  midst  sweat  Cancers  scorched  pawes. 

Both  sides  beene  temp'rate  zones,  the  windes 

Eurus  and  Zephyr,  to  both  Indes, 

Auster  to  th'  .fethiops  byes  apace, 

Boreas  to  Scythia,  North,  and  Thrace. — p.  4. 

There  is  a  small  head  of  Slatycr  prefixed  to  his 
Translation  of  the  Psalms,  1650.] 

HENRY  WILKENSON  was  bom  witlnn  the 
vicaridge  of  Halifax  in  Yorkshire,  9  Octob.  1566, 
made  his  first  entry  into  the  university  in  Lent 
term  1581,  elected  probationer  fellow  of  Merton 
coll.  by  the  favour  of  his  kinsman  Mr.  H.  Savile, 
the  warden,  in  the  year  1586,  proceeded  in  arts,  ap- 
plyed  his  mind  to  the  sacred  faculty,  of  which  he 
was  bachelor,  and  at  length  (1601)  became  pastor  of 
Waddesdon  in  Bucks.  He  hath  written  and  pub- 

A  Catechhim  for  tlw  use  oftJie  Cons;regation  of 
Waddesdoii  in  Bucks. This  hath  been  several 

•  [Rymeri  Fwdera,  xviii.  ()47,  (i65.] 
'     Crasaro /«»/CTono,  i'X,  31',  edit.  1.1 
'  [Hasled's  History  of  Kent,  ii.  608.J 




times  printwl  in  oct.  and  the  iburtli  impression  came 
out  at  Lond.  16!37. 

The  Debt-book ;  or,  a  Treatise  upon  Rom.  18. 
ver.  8;  wherein  hi  luimUed  the  Civil  Debt  of  Money 
or  Goods.  Lond.  1625.  oct.  [Bodl.  4to.  F.  84.  Th.] 
and  other  tilings  wliich  I  have  not  yet  seen.  This 
j)erson  bein"  an  ol<l  puritan,  was  elected  one  oftlie 
assembly  of  divines  in  16-kJ,  and  dying  on  the  19th 
i6*i.  ot"  March  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  seven,  was 
burietl  in  the  cliurcli  at  Waddesdon  before-men- 
tioned, having  hat!  issue  by  his  wife  Sai-ah,  the  only 
daughter  of  Arthur  Wake  (of  whom  I  liavc  made 
mention  in  Isaac.  Wake,  an.  1632.)  three  daughters, 
and  six  sons,  of  which  number  Henry  Wilkinson, 
senior,  connnonly  called  Long  Hari-y,  was  one ;  of 
whom  shall  be  large  mention  made  hereafter. 

«  WILLIAM  HAKEWILL,  elder  brother  to 
"  Dr.  George  Hakewill,  and  to  Job.  Hakewill  who 
"  was  mayor  of  the  city  of  Exeter  in  1632,  was  lx)rn 
"  in  the  parish  "of  S.  Mary  Arches  within  the  said 
"  city,  became  a  sojourner  of  Exeter  coll.  in  1601j 
"  but  leaving  that  place  without  a  degree,  retired  to 
"  Lincolns-Inn,  studied  the  common-law, and  arrived 
"  to  considerable  eminence  therein.  In  1613  he  was 
"  actually  created  master  of  arts  on  the  day  after 
"  the  funeral  solemnities  of  his  kinsman  sir  Tho. 
"  Bodley  were  perform^  (to  whom  he  was  executor) 
"  and  in  22  of  K.  James  I.  he  was  Lent  reader  of 
"  his  inn,  being  about  that  time  much  resorted  to 
"  for  his  great  abiUties  in  his  profession.  He  was 
"  a  grave  and  judicious  counsellor,  had  sate  in  divers 
"  parliaments,  and  out  of  his  great  and  long  conver- 
"  sation  with  antiquity,  did  extract  several  remark- 
"  able  observations  concerning  the  liberty  of  die 
"  subject,  and  maimer  of  holding  of  parliaments. 
"  This  person,  who  was  always  a  puritan,  sided 
"  with  tlie  populacy  in  the  beginning  of  the  long 
"  parliament,  was  an  active  man  in  carrying  on  the 
"  blessed  cause,  took  the  covenant,  and  therefore  in 
"  the  .latter  end  of  Apr.  1647  he  was  made  one  of 
"  .the  masters  of  the  Chancery,  and  was  by  order  of 
"  boUi  houses  appointed  to  sit  with  the  commis- 
"  sioners  of  the  seal  to  hear  causes.  His  works  are 
"  these, 

"  Tlie  Liberty  of  the  Subject  the  pre- 
"  tended  Poxtier  of  Impositions,  maintained  btj  an 
"  Arg-ument  in  Parliament  1  Jac.  1.  Lond.  1641. 
"  qu.  published  by  the  author  to  coiTect  false  copies 
"  of  it,  that  had  been  then  lately  published  under 
"  this  title,  A  learned  and  necessary  Argument  to 
"  prove  that  each  Subject  hath  a  Propriety  in  his 
■  "  Goods,  and  to  .vhew  the  Extent  of  the  King's 
"  Prerogative  in  Impositions,  &c.' 
[113]  '^  Modus   ten^ndi   Paj-Uamentum :   or,    the   old 

"  Manner  of  Jwlding  Parliaments  in  England, 

"  extracted  out  of  antient  Records.  Lond.  1659. 
"oct.  [and  agiun  Lond.  1671.  l^xll.  8vo.  G.  20. 
^'  Jur.l 

"  The  Manner  horc  Statutes  are  enacted  in  Par- 
"  liament  bij  pas.sing  of  Bills.  Lond.  1641,  and 
"  1659.  oct.' 

"  Catalogue  of  the  Names  (yf  the  Speakers  of 
"  tJie  Comnums  Hwise  of  Parliament— 'L'his,  which 
^'  is  printed  with  Modus  tenendi  Parliam.  reaches 
"  from  the  Norm,  conquest  to  Will.  I^enthall,  esq; 
*'  sjieaker,  an.  1640.  What  other  things  he  hath 
"  published  I  know  not,  nor  the  time  of'  his  death, 
"  nor  the  place  of  his  burial,  vuiless  it  was  imder 
*'  Line,  inn  chap,  or  at  Wendovcr  in  Bucks,  where, 
"  or  near  it,  he  had  purchased  an  estate :  to  which 
"  place  I  formerly  sent  to  have  an  account  of  his 
"  said  death  and  burial,  but  could  get  no  answer.'" 

[1.  Speech  in  the  lower  House  of  Parliament  1 
May,  1628,  upon  a  Bill  for  securing  tlw  Liberty 
of  the  Subject.  MS.  Harl.  161,  fol.  85:  and  2305, 
fol.  197,  b. 

2.  Afgument  about  the  Habeas  Corpus.  MS. 
Harl.  1721,  fol.  393.  (Probably  the  same  with  the 

3.  On  the  Antiquity  cjfthe  Laws  of  this  Island. 

4.  On  the  Aidiquity  of  the  Christian  Religion 
in  this  Island.  Both  printed  in  Hearne's  Curious 

5.  Prynne  gives  us  the  title  of  another  tract  of 
HakewilFs — 'In  the  year  1605  Mr.  William  Hake- 
will  being  her  majestie''s  sollicitor  general  (a  jierson 
well  versed  in  the  records  of  the  exchequer  and 
other  antiquities,  afterwards  a  bencher  and  reader 
of  Lincolnes  Inne,  my  very  good  friend  and  ac- 
quaintance) compiled  and  presented  to  queen  Anne 
A  Treatise  upon  the  Nature  of  Aurum  Regime ; 
conteining  the  Transcript  of  divers  Records  pro- 
duced in  Proof  of  several  Points  thereof;  to  be 
viewed  by  his  most  excellent  Majesty  ;  collected  and 
disposed  under  certain  Divisicms.''  See  Prynn^s 
Aurum  Regim-,  Lond.  1668,  4to.  (Bodl.  4to.  P.  10. 
Jur.)  page  123,  where  Hakewill's  preface,  and  the 
contents  of  his  various  chapters,  will  be  found. 

He  died  in  the  80th  year  of  his  age,  according 
to  the  account  of  him  in  the  list  of  members  of  the 
Society  of  Antiquaries  printed  at  die  end  of  Heame's 
Curious  Discourses,  edit.  1775.] 

"  ROGER  LORTE,  the  eldest  son  and  heir  of 
"  Hen.  Lorte  of  Stockpoole  in  Pembrokesh.  esq; 
"  was  born  in  that  county,  became  a  gent.  com.  of 
"  Wadh.  coll.  an.  1624,  aged  16  years,  took  one 
"  degree  in  arts  in  162'7,  but  before  he  had  com- 
"  pleated  it  by  detennination,  he  lel't  the  university. 


'  [Mr.  William  llacliweUs  Arj^ument  in  Parliament  against 
Impositions,  8  Jac.  \.  .MS.  Harl.  1578,  fol.  iC.  b.] 

'  [Priiitefl  also  at  the  end  ol"  tlie  edit,  of  Modus  lenendi 
Part  1671,  'ivith  a  fresh  tiile-page  dated  167O.  See  BodL 
8vo.  G.  20.  Jur.] 




"  and  went,  as  I  conceive,  to  die  inns  of  court,  and 
"  afterwards  to  his  patrimony.     He  liath  written 

"  Poems printed  about  1647,  in  qii.     This 

"  booii  I  have  not  yet  seen,  and  therefore  cannot 
Clar.  "  give  you  the  full  title.  Nich.  Lloyd,  M.  A.  and 
1G47.  "  sometimes  one  of  the  senior  fellows  of  Wa<lham 
"  coll.  hail  several  times  seen  it,  and  commended 
"  the  poems  therein  to  be  gootl.  This  jjcrson  seeins 
"  to  be  tlie  same  with  Rog.  Lorte  of  Stockpxjle  in 
"  Pembrokesh.  esq;  who  was  created  a  baronet  by 
«  K.  Ch.  II.  1.5  of  July  1662,  and  living  severil 
'*  years  after,  left  behind  him  at  the  time  of  his 
"  death  a  s<in  named  Joh.  Lorte,  who  succeeded 
"  him  in  his  honour  and  died  in  1677,  leaving  be- 
"  hind  a  relict  named  Susan.  One  William  Lorte 
"  of  the  .same  faniilv,  living  in  the  reign  of  K. 
"  James  I.  was  in  his  time  esteemed  a  good  j)oet 
"  also,  as  the  copies  of  verses  of  his  composition, 
"  tliat  were  printed  in  several  books  shew." 

IMICHAEL  HUDSON,  a  Westmorland  man  * 
ham,  liecame  a  poor  serving  child  of  Queen's  coll. 
m  the  year  1621,  and  in  that  of  his  iige  16,  after- 
wards tabardcr,  and  in  the  year  1 630  fiiUow  of  that 
house,  he  being  then  master  of  arts.  About  that 
time  he  took  holy  orders,  married  capt.  "  Lewis'" 
Pollard's  daughter  of  Newnham  Courtney  in  Ox- 
fordshire, and  was  beneficed  in  I^incolnshire.  But 
when  his  majesty  king  Ch.  I.  set  up  his  standard, 
he  left  his  benefice,  adliered  toliim,  and  after  Edge- 
hill  battel  retiring  to  Oxon,  was  in  Feb.  1642  ac- 
tually created  doctor  of  divinitv,  and  made  chaplain 
■to  his  ma-jesty.  About  that  time  he  being  esteemed 
an  understanding  and  sober  person  and  of  great 
fidelity,  was  made  scoutmaster-general  to  the  army 
in  the  north  parts  of  England,  under  tlie  command 
of  W^illiam  iiiar([uis  of  Newcastle,  whereby  he  did 
-wonderfully  advantage  himself  in  the  ways  and 
passes  of  those  parts.  In  that  employment  he  con- 
tinued some  years,  with  very  good  success.  At 
■length  his  niajestv  (who  usually  called  him  his  plain 
dealing  chajilain,  because  he  told  him  his  mind  when 
others  woulil,  or  durst,  not)  having  an  especial  re- 
spect for  his  .signal  loyalty  and  courage,  entrusted 
liim  and  John  Asliburnham,  one  of  the  grooms  of 
his  bedchamber,  with  his  person,  at  what  time  he 
left  Oxon  in  a  disgui3e  27  Apr.  1646,  in  order  to 
-surrender  himself  into  the  hands  of  the  Scots,  then 
besieging  Newark  on  Trent.  Afterwards  his  ma), 
being  settled  for  a  time  in  Newcastle,  a  seijeant  at 
arms,  or  his  deputy,  was  ordered  by  the  parliament 
23  of  May  following,  to  fetch  our  author  Hudson 
to  London,  for  conveying  the  king  to  the  Scotch 
army,  and  to  bring  Ashburnham  with  him,  but 
they  having  timely  notice,  drew  aside  and  escaped 
the  messenger.  Afterwards  Hudson  crossing  the 
country  in  order  to  get  to  London,  was  discovered 
at  Rochester,  and  apprehended  on  the  8th  of  June 

*  Jieg.  Mulric.  Univ.  Oxon.  PP.  fo).  87.  b. 

following,  brought  to  London,  and  cx)mmittcd  pri- 
soner to  London-house.  On  the  18th  of  the  name 
month  he  was  examined  by  a  committc  of  parlia-  flLil 
ment,  and  confessed  that  the  king,  when  he  left 
Oxon,  crossed  the  country,  was  at  Henley  in  Ox- 
fordshire, Harrow  on  the  Hill,  at  Brentford,  and 
almost  persuaded  to  go  to  I^ondon.  Afterwards  he 
went  to  St.  Albans,  and  so  to  Harborow  in  Leices- 
tershire, where  the  French  agent  (monsieur  de  Mon- 
tereal  or  Montrevii)  was  to  have  met  him,  but  came 
not.  From  thence  he  went  to  Stanford  in  Lincoln- 
shire,' and  thence  to  Downham  in  Norfolkj  where 
he  lay  at  a  petty  alehouse,  and  tliat  sometimes  he 
passed  by  the  name  of  Hudson's  tutor,  at  other 
times  by  the  name  of  d(X!tor,  and  sometimes  went  a« 
Ashbumham's  servant.  On  the  18th  of  Nov.  the 
same  year,  he  broke  out  of  prison,  and,  as  'tis"  said, 
conveyed  letters  from  the  king  to  iiiaj.  gen.  Row- 
land Laugharne  in  Wales,  which,  I  suppose,  is 
false.  In  Jan.  following,  he  was  retaken  by  maj. 
gen.  Sedenham  Pointz,  sent  from  Hull  to  London, 
and  committed  close  prisoner  to  the  Tower,  with 
strict  order  given,  that  none  should  speak  with  him, 
but  in  the  jiresence  of  his  keeper.  During  his  con- 
finement there,  he  wrote 

The  Divine  Right  of  Government,  Natural  and 
Politic,  "  more  particularly  of  Monarchy,  the  only 
"  legitimate  and  natural  Species  of  Politic  Go- 
"  vernynent.  Sic."  in  two  books — printed  1647.  qu. 
[Bodl.  4to.  T.  53.  Th.]  wherein  he  shews  himself 
to  be  a  scholar,  as  lie  before  had,  by  his  martial 
feats,  a  couragious  soldier.  But  making  an  escape 
thence  in  the  beginning  of  1648,  he  v/ent  into  Lin- 
colnshire, where  he  raised  a  party  of  horse  for  his 
majesty,  and  had  engaged  some  of  the  gentry  of 
Norfolk  and  Suffolk  in  the  like  design.  On  the 
6th  of  June  1648,  intelligence  was  brought  to  the 
parliament  that  the  malignants,  that  is  the  royalists, 
were  up  in  arms  in  Ijincohishire  under  the  command 
of  Dr.  Hudson,  and  two  days  following  were  letters 
read  from  col.  Tho.  Waite  that  he  had  suppressed 
the  insurrection  of  malignants  at  Stanford  in  Lin- 
colnshire, and  had  killed  their  commander  Dr.  Hud- 
son. It  seems  the  chief  body  of  these  malignants, 
so  called,  fled  to  Woodcroft^house  in  the  parish  of 
Helpson  near  to  Peterborough  in  Northampton- 
shire about  7  miles  distant  from  Stanford,  where 
Hudson  was  barbarously  killed  on  the  6th  of  June 
in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  ei^ht.  The  manner  i648. 
of  which  was  briefly  thus.  After  the  rebels  had 
entred  into  the  house,  and  had  taken  most  of  the 
royalists,  Hudson,  with  some  of  his  couragious  sol- 
diers, went  up  to  the  battlements  thereof,  wjiere 
they  defended  themselves  for  some  time.  At  length, 
upon  promise  of  (juarter,  they  yielded,  but  ^^5len 
the  rebels  had  got  m  among  them  they  denied  quar- 
ter :  Whereupon  Hudson  being  thrown   over  the 

*  [Dr.  Hudson  was  tutor  to  prince  Charles  and  rector  of 
UfBiigton  near  Siaiiford.     Lellcr,  Simcroft.     TakKer.] 
^  la  the  Memorials  of  English  Affairs,  p.  237. 




battlements,  he  cauj^ht  hold  of  a  spout  or  out-stone 
and  there  hung ;  but  his  hands  being  beat  or  cut 
o£F,  he  fell  into  the  moat  underneath,  much  wound- 
ed, and  desir'd  to  come  on  land  to  die  there. 
WhcreupMi  one  Egborough  (servant  to  Mr.  Spinks 
the  intruder  into  the  ijarsonage  of  Ca.stor  Iwlonging 
tt)  the  bishop  of  Peterborough)  knocked  him  on  the 
head  with  the  but-end  of  his  musket.  Which  being 
done,  one  Walker  a  chandler  or  grocer  in  Stanford, 
cut  out  his  tongue  and  carried  it  alwut  the  country 
as  a  trophy.  His  Iwxly  for  the  present  was  denied 
burial,  yet  after  the  enemy  had  left  that  place,  he 
Mas  by  some  Chri-stians  committed  to  the  earth.  In 
Aug.  1684,  I  was  informed  by  the  letters  of  Mr. 
John  Whitehall  preb.  of  Peterborough  and  dean  of 
Oundlc,  tliat  the  body  of  the  said  Dr.  Hudson  was 
removed  soon  after  liis  death  to  Uffington  near 
Stanford  in  Lincolnshire,  where  it  was  solemnly 
buried.  Quaere?  As  for  Egborough,  he  was  not 
long  after  torn  in  pieces  with  his  own  gun,  which 
burst  while  it  was  under  his  arm  in  Lon^  Orton ; 
and  Walker  since,  through  poverty,  quitted  his 
trade,  and  was  become  a  scorn  and  by-word  to  the 
boys  when  he  passed  through  the  streets  of  Stan- 

[Quidani  Mich.  Hudson  (coll.  C.  C.)  admissus  in 
matric.  acad.  Cant.  Jul.  3,  1623.     Rcgtst. 

Michael  Hudson,  clericus,  A.  M.  halx?t  hteras 
patentes  (a  rege)  de  presentatione  ad  rectoriam  de 
West-Deeping  dioc.  Line.  16  die  Junii,  1632.  Ry- 
mer,  Continuat.  Feed.  torn,  xix,  p.  436.  M.  H. 
clericus,  M.  A.  habet  literas  pat.  de  presentatione 
ad  rectoriam  de  Witchlinge  alias  Wichlinge  di(K. 
Cantuar.  dat.  29  I\Iar.  1633.  Ibid.  p.  539.  M.  H. 
cler.  A.  M.  habet  literas  pat.  de  presentat.  ad  vica- 
riam  de  Wirkesworth  in  com.  Derb.  dat.  10  Aug. 
1633.  Ibid.  p.  543.     Bakeu. 

19  Martii  1640,  Michael  Hudson  A.  M.  ad  rect. 
de  Kings  Cliff'e,  a<l  pres.  com.  Westmorl.  per  mort. 
ThomfB  Strickland.     Reg.  Towers,  Ep.  Petrib. 

Michael  Hudson  A.  M.  rector  of  Uffington  com. 
Line.'  tutor  to  prince  Charles,  and  most  faithfuU 
servant  to  Charles  I. 

His  book  is  wrot  in  a  very  scholastic,  rugged 
5tile,  detlicated  to  the  king,  dated  from  my  close 
prison  in  the  Tower  9  Sept.  1647. 

He  kept  garrison  for  the  king  in  a  noted  house 
called  W(xKlcroft,  in  the  parish  of  Etton  com. 
North'ton,  where  he  made  a  stout  defence  against  a 
pari,  party  sent  from  Stanford,  and  beat  them  off 
several  times,  till  the  aJonel,  sending  a  stronger  de- 
tachment; demanded  a  surrendry  ot  the  place  by  a 
captain  his  own  kinsman,  who  was  shot  from  the 
house,  upon  which  the  colonel  renew'd  the  charge, 
and  brought  them  to  capitulate  upon  terms  of  safe 

'  rHu(l$on  had  the  rectory  of  Uffington  near  Slamforfl 
which  he  exchanged  for  that  of  Kings  Cliffe.  He  did  not 
retain  this  last  long,  for  in  l644  Mr.  Thomas  South  (who 
then  held  both  liviniss)  was  ejecte<l  from  that  as  well  as 
Uffington.     Peck's  Dedderata  Curiosa,  vol.  ii.  lib.  ix,  p.  6.] 

quarter,  but  tlie  colonel,  in  base  revenge,  command- 
ed they  should  not  spare  that  rogue  Hudson.  His 
body  was  interr'd  in  the  church  of  Denton  near  ad- 
joinmg,  without  any  memorial  oi"  stone  or  inscrip- 
tion. Bertie  did  once  propose  to  have  his  body  re- 
mov'd  to  Uffington,  and  to  put  him  a  monument, 
but  it  is  not  yet  done.     1708. 

Among  the  clergy  of  the  diocese  of  Lincoln  who 
t<x}k  licenses  to  preach  from  S'  Nathaniel  Brent  in 
the  metroi)»)l.  visitation  1634,  Aug.  22,  Michaeli 
Hudson  clerico,  in  art.  mag.  rectori  de  West  De- 
ping  in  et  per  dioc.  Line.  Reg:  Line.  MS.  Ken- 

JOHN  WHITE,  usually  called  Patriarch  of 
Dorchester,  or  Patriarch  White,  son  of  John  White, 
was  born  in  the  time  of  Christmas  at  Stanton  S. 
John  near  to,  and  in  the  county  of  Oxon,  and  was 
baptized  there  6  Jan.  1575,  educated  in  grammar 
learning  in  Wykeham's  schwil  near  Winchester, 
admitted  perpetual  fellow  of  New  coll.  after  he  had 
scrvetl  two  years  of  probation,  in  the  year  1595, 
took  the  degrees  in  arts,  holy  orders,  and  became 
a  frequent  preacher  in  these  parts.  In  1606  he  left 
his  coll.  and  alxiut  that  time"  became,  as  I  suppose, 
rector  of  Trinity  parish  in  Dorchester  in  the  county 
of  Dorset,  where  in  the  course  of  his  ministry  he 
expounded  the  scripture  all  over,  and  half  over 
again,  having  had  an  excellent  faculty  in  the  clear 
and  solid  interpreting  of  it.  So  that  his  name 
being  up  in  those  parts,  gave  (x;casion  to  a  neigh- 
bour' of  his  (a  puritanical  physician)  to  stile  him 
'  pastor  &  minister  fidelissimus,  in  quo  praeter  doc- 
tnnain  insignem,  ingeniique  vim  acrem,  mirum,  ju- 
dicium, demde  &  seduUtas,  pietas,  atque  fides  in- 
credibilis  invicem  certabant,'  &c.  But  it  must  be 
known  that  these  things  were  spoken  of  him  after 
our  author  White  had  becjueathed  '  to  the  said  phy- 
sician of  Dorchester  one  of  his  pieces  of  jilate.  He 
was  tor  the  most  part  of  his  time  a  moderate,  not 
morose  or  peevish,  puritan,  and  conformed  to  the 
ceremonies  of  the  church  of  England  before,  and 
when,  archb.  Laud  sate  at  the  stern.  But  in  the 
beginning  of  the  long  parliament,  when  the  saints 
raised  a  rebellion,  he  sided  with  tliem,  and  with  his 

sub-Levites  Thompson  and  Will.  Benne  both 

Oxford  students,  did  in  a  miserable  manner  cozen 
the  people  thereabouts  with  strange*^  rejxjrts,  viz. 
'  That  mass  was  said  openly  in  Oxon,  that  none 
but  papists  were  about  his  majesty,  that  20000  Scots 
were  already  entred  England,  that  they  should  not 
look  on  any  book  printed  at  Oxon,  or  published  by 
his  majesty's  conunand.     By  which  means  they  se- 

•  [An.  1575  Mr.  John  White,  preacher,  born.  .\n.  l605. 
Mr.  J.  W.  came  to  Dorchester.  Vide  MS.  vol.  xxxvi,  p. 
378.     Baker.^ 

'  Fred.  Loasius  Heidelbergensis  Palatin.  in  OhscTvalionibus 
Medicinal.  Lond.  1^7^.  oct.  lib.  I.  oljservat.  15.  p.  35. 
'   Reg.  Fairfax  in  Offic.  Prctog.  qu.  105. 

•  Mere.  Ant.  in  the  34th  week,  p.  468. 




duced  alniosl  all  the  town  to  take  tlic  covenant,  as- 
surinjT  them,  most  martyr-like,  that  they  would  seal 
it  witn  their  bkxxl,'  &c.  But  when  prince  Rupert 
was  in  those  jjarts,  and  the  knowledge  of  these  pro- 
ceedings were  spread  abroad,  a  party  of  his  horse 
retired  to  Dorchester,  plundered  the  house  of  our 
author  White,  and  t(X)k  away  his  library.  So  that 
he  finding  that  place  uneasy,  he  and  his  sub-Levites 
fled,  and  White  retiring  to  London,  was  made  mi- 
nister of  the  Savoy  ])arish,  and  carried  on  the  cause 
there.  So  that  whereas  l)efore  the  rebellion  broke 
out,  he,  by  his  wisdom,  did  keep  the  inhabitants  of 
Dorchester  in  good  order,  and  obedient  to  the 
church,  and  also  proved  eminently  useful  in  reform- 
ing the  dissolute  manners  of  the  people  thereof,  it 
fell  out  that  after  the  turn  of  the  times,  it  was  by 
his  means  st<K;ked  with  such  a  faetious  and  fanatical 
crew,  that  all  endeavours  could  not  reform  it,  nor 
ever,  as  'tis  thought,  will,  it  continuing  so  to  this 
day.  In  1643  he  was  chosen  one  of  the  assembly 
of  divines,  took  the  covenant,  and  sitting  often  with 
them  at  Westminster,  shewed  himself  one  of  the  most 
learned  and  moderate  among  them,  and  soon  after 
did,  by  order,  not  only  succeed  Dr.  Featley  in  the 
rectory  of  Lambeth  in  Surrey,  (ejected  thence)  but 
had  his  library  conferred  on  him  to  keep  and  enjoy 
it  till  such  time  as  Dr.  Featley  could  get  back  our 
author's  from  the  soldiers  under  prince  Rupert. 
When  the  broils  of  the  nation  were  over,  he  repair- 
ed to  Dorchester,  and  in  Nov.  1647  was  designed 
warden  of  New  coll.  ujwn  the  death  of  Dr.  Pink, 
by  Will,  lord  Say,  and  Nath.  Fieimes  his  son ;  but, 
it  I  am  not  mistaken,  he  refused  that  office.  He 
was  a  person  of  great  gravity  and  presence,  and  had 
always  influence  on  the  puritanical  party  near  to, 
and  remote  from,  him,  who  bore  him  more  respect 
than  they  did  to  their  diocesan.  His  works  are 

Commentary  on  the  three  Jirst  Chapters  of  Ge- 
nesis, with  large  Observations  on  the  same.  Lond. 
1656,  57.  fol. 

Directions  Jhr  the  pnrfitable  Reading  of  the 
Scriptures. — Printed  in  oct. 

Of  the  Sabbath. — Printed  in  qu. 

Way  to  the  Tree  of  Life,  in  sundry  Directions. 
T— Pr.  1647.  Oct.  'Tis  the  same,  I  think,  which  is 
called  TIic  Directory  to  I'ci^ection. 

Several  sermons,  as  (1.)  The  Troubles  of  Jeru- 
salem''s  Restoration:  or  the  ChurcKs  Reforma- 
[116]  iion.  Fast  Sermon  before  the  H.  of  Lords,  ^Q  Nov. 
J  645,-  on  Dan.  d.  15.  Lond.  1646.  qu.  with  others 
which  I  have  not  yet  seen. 

Ten  Vows  to  the  Parishioners  of  Dorchester — 
MS.  written  about  the  year  1628,  answcr'd  by  Dr. 
Gilb.  Ironside  who  became  bishop  of  Bristol  in 
1660.  At  k'n<rth  having  lived  beyond  the  age  of 
man,  died  suddenly  on  the  21st  of  July,  in  sixteen 
1648.  hundred  forty  and  eight,  and  was  interred  in  the 
church  porch  of  S.  Peter  in  Dorchester,  which  is  a 
chappel  belonging  to  Trinity  church  before-men- 

tioned. Besides  this  Joh.  Wliite,  was  another  of 
botli  his  names,  a  minister's  son,  tloctor  of  divinity, 
brother  to  Dr.  Franc.  White  bishop  of  Ely,  and  a 
publisher  of  several  b<x)ks,  born  at  S.  Neot's  in 
Huntingdonshire,  bred  in  Caius  coll.  in  Cambridge, 
and  afterwards  became  vicar  of  Eccles  in  Lanca- 
shire. Whence,  after  he  had  continued  some  years, 
he  was  brought  into  Suffolk  by  sir  John  Crofts, 
who  bestowed  on  him  the  l)est  hving  that  he  had  to 
give.  He  sent  for  hini  unknown  from  Eccles,  where 
he  lived  in  those  distresses  which  he  was  never  able 
to  look  through.  He  furnished  him  with  Iwoks  fit 
for  his  stutlies,  he  honoured  and  countenanced  him 
so  much,  tliat  all  the  country  was  satisfied  he  had  a 
love  and  respect  for  him.  He  wrote  a  book  called, 
The  Way  to  the  true  Church,  and  A  Defence  of  it, 
against  tlie  two  books  that  Joh.  Fisher  the  Jesuit 
published,  and  other  things,  as  the  Oxford  Cata- 
logue will  tell  you.  One  T.  W.  P.  (priest)  who 
had  sometimes,  as  it  seems,  been  of  Cambridge, 
wrote  a  b(X)k  against  Jo.  White  called  White  dyed 
Black.  ]3ut  John  dying  before  he  could  make  a 
reply,  his  brother  Dr.  Franc.  White  took  up  the 
bucklers,  and  forthwith  published  a  book  against 
the  SMd  T.  W.  entit.  Ort/uxiox  Faith  and  Way  to 
the  Church  explained,  &,c.  Lond.  1617.  (ju.  In 
the  last '  will  and  test,  of  the  said  John  White  with- 
out date,   I  find  these  things  said  of  himself 

'  Whereas  for  20  years  past  by  preaching  and 
writing,  published  in  two  books,  I  engaged  my  self 
against  papistry ;  I  profess  I  have  done  therein  no- 
thing against  my  conscience,  but  desire  all  men  to 
assure  themselves,  that  if  any  error  hath  escaped 
me,  it  hath  passed  me  through  oversight,  when  I 
always  bended  my  self  to  that  work  of  writing,  with 
much  humility  to  God,  and  such  diligence  as  I  was 
able  to  use :  And  having  the  books  always  by  me, 
I  writ  nothing  but  what  I  found  in  antiquity,  and 
in  the  writings  publicly  received  in  the  church  of 
Rome  it  self;  and  I  constantly  avouch,  that  what 
I  have  writ,  is  the  truth,  and  have  been  the  more 
confirmed  therein  by  the  unconscionable  behaviour 
of  my  adversaries  against  me,'  &c.  This  will  was 
proved  21  Feb.  1619,  being  two  or  more  years  after 
his  deatli,  at  which  time  he  was  chaplain  in  ordinary 
to  the  king;  and  his  father  living,  after  he  had 
spent  50  years  in  preacliing  the  word  of  God. 

[1605,"17  Mail,  Joh.  White  A.  B.  coll.  ad  vica- 
riam  de  Fering,  per  mortem  Tho.  Sterne.  Reg. 

The  Protestation  of  John  White  D.  D.  xcMch 
he  caused  to  be  written  tlie  Day  before  Ids  Death, 
to  the  End  the  Papists  might  understand  he  de- 
parted out  of  this  World  of  the  same  Opinion  and 
Judgment  he  maintained  both  by  Preaching  and 
Writing  whilst  he  lived.  A  sheet,  printed  for  Wil- 
liam Barret.     Kennet.] 

In  Reg.  Parker  in  Oific.  Prerog.  qu.  I7. 




"RICHARD  CHALFONT,  son  of  Peter 
"  Chal.  was  l)om  at  Great  Wycomb  in  Bucks,  be- 
"  came  a  batler  of  New-Inn  in  Mich,  term  16^, 
"  aged  16  years  or  thereabouts,  took  the  degrees  in 
"  arts,  was  elected  fellow  of  Line.  coll.  20  Feb. 
"  1634,  atlmitted  liach.  of  div.  three  years  after, 
"  and  became  minister  to  the  worshipful  company 
"  of  English  merchants  at  Roterdam,  an.  1646 ; 
"  where,  as  in  the  university  before  that  time,  he 
"  was  accounted  a  most  painful  and  edifying 
"  preacher,  but  always  puritanical.  He  hath  writ- 
"  ten, 

"  Several  sermons,  as  (1.)  Sermon  at  the  Puhlic 
"  Fast,  10  May  1644,  preached  before  the  House 
"  of  Cominon.t  at  Oxon ;  on  Jer.  44.  10.  Oxon. 
"  1644.  qu.  [Bodl.  4t().  D.  60.  Th.]  (2.)  Sermon 
''  on  Psal.  29.  11.  This  I  have  seen  in  MS.  some- 
"  times  in  the  hands  of  Dr.  Tho.  Marshall  some- 
"  times  of  Line.  coll.  as  also  a  Lot.  Sermon  on  Heb. 
"  5.  4.  and  several  other  things  worthy  of  tlie  press. 
"  He  was  burietl  in  the  church  appropriate  for  the 
"  use  of  the  aforesaid  merchants  m  Roterdam  on 
I(i48.  "  the  23d  of  Nov.  styl.  vet.  in  sixteen  hundred 
"  forty  and  eight,  as  I  have  been  informed  by  the 
"  stud  Dr.  Marshall,  who  farther  told  me,  that  Mr. 
"  Hen.  Tozer  of  Exeter  coll.  succeeded  him  as 
fllT]  '"  minister  to  the  said  company  of  EngUsh  nier- 
"  chants." 

EDWARD  HERBERT  son  of  Rich.  Herbert 
by  TMagd.  his  wife,  dan.  of  sir  Rich.  Newport  of 
High  A  real]  in  Shro])shire,  knight,  was  born  in  the 
sometimes  most  pleasant  and  romancy  place  in 
Wales  called  Mountgomery  castle,*  became  a  gent, 
com.  of  University  coll.  in  1595,  aged  14  years,' 

*  [Not  so ;  he  snys  of  himself,  '  I  was  born  at  Evlon  in 
Shropshire  (beinjt  a  house  wliich  tosether  with  fai^r  lands 
descended  upon  the  Newporis  bv  my  grandmothr')  bciw^^en 
tlie  hours  of  twelve  and  one  of  the  clock  in  the  moniinj»; 
my  infancy  was  \ery  sickly,  my  continually  purging  it- 
self very  much  by  the  ears,  whereupon  also  it  was  so  I<)ng 
before  I  bcuan  lo  speak,  that  many  thought  I  should  be  ever 
dumb  :  the  very  furthest  thing  1  remember  is,  that  when  I 
uoderstood  what  was  say'd  by  others,  I  did  yet  forbear  to 
speak,  lest  I  shou"d  uiter  something  that  were  imperfect  or 
impertinent;  when  I  rauie  to  tilk,  one  of  the  furthest  in- 
quirieF  I  made  was  how  I  came  into  this  world  ?  I  told  my 
nurse,  keeper,  and  others,  I  found  myself  here  indeed,  but 
from  what  caui>e  or  beginning,  or  by  what  means  1  cou'd 
not  imagine,  but  for  this  as  I  was  laughed  at  by  nurse  and 
some  other  women  that  were  then  present,  so  I  was  won- 
der'd  at  by  others,  who  said  they  never  heard  a  child  but  my- 
self ask  that  question  ;  upon  which,  when  I  came  to  riper 
years,  I  made  this  observation,  which  afterwards  a  little  com- 
forted me,  that  as  1  found  mv  self  in  p(»ssession  of  this  life, 
without  knowin"  any  tiling  of  the  pangs  and  throws  my  mo- 
ther suflcr'd,  when  yel  doubiless  ihey  did  no  less  press  and 
iifflict  me  than  her,  so  I  hope  my  soul  shall  p.\5s  to  a  better 
life  than  this  without  being  sensible  of  the  anguish  and  pains 
my  body  shall  fed  in  death.  For,  as  I  believe,  then  1  shall 
be  transmitted  lo  a  more  happy  estate  by  God's  great  grace, 
I  am  confident  I  shall  no  more  know,  how  I  came  out  of 
this  world,  than  how  I  came  into  it.'     L\fe,  &c.  p.  l6.] 

*  FHe  says  he  was  only  twelve  years  old  when  lie  came  to 
University,  *  where  1  remember  lo  have  disputed  at  my  first 

where  being  put  under  the  tuition  of  an  eminent 
tutor,  laid  the  foundation  of  that  admirable  learn- 
ing, whereof  he  was  afterwards  a  compleat  master. 
Thence  he  betook  himself  to  travel,  as  also  to  cer- 
tain miliUiry  exercises  in  foreign  parts,  whereby  he 
became  much  accomplish''d.  After  his  return,  he 
was  made  knight  of  the  Bath  at  the  coronation  of 
K.  Jam.  I.;  afterwiU"ds  one  of  the  counsellors  to 
that  king  for  his  mihtary  affairs,  and  sent  ambassa- 
dor to  Lewis  13,  king  of  France,  to  mediate  lor  the 
relief  of  the  protestants  in  that  realm  then  besieged 
in  several  places.  In  which  service  continuing  about 
five  years,  he  was  recalled «  in  July  1621,  because 
he  had  irreverently  treateil  De  Luvens  the  great 
constable  of  France,'  and  Edward  Sackvile  was 
sent  in  his  place.  In  the  22d  of  K.  Jam.  I.  he  was' 
advanced  to  the  dignity  of  a  baron  of  the  realm  of 
Ireland,  bv  the  name  of  lord  Herbert  of  Castle 
Island,  and  in  5  of  Car.  1.  to  the  title  of  lord  Her- 
bert of  Cherbury  in  Shropsliire.  He  was  a  person 
well  studied  in  the  arts  and  languages,  a  good  phi- 
losopher and  historian,  and  understood  men  as  well 
as  b(x)ks,  as  it  evidently  appears  in  his  writings,  tiie 
titles  of  which  foUow. 

De  Veritate,  prout  distinguitur  a  Revelatione,  a 
Verisim'ili,  a  Poss'ibUi  4"  «  Falso,^  &e.  Par.  l6iJ <• 
and  1633.  [Bodl.  AA.  14.  Jur.  Seld.l  Lond.  164.3. 
qu.  &c.  Translatetl  into  French  anti  printed  1&39 
qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  L.  14.  Th.  BS.]  much  valued  by 
learned  men,  and  reposed,  as  'tis  said,  in  the  pope's 
Vatican.  Answered  by  P.  Gasseudus  in  his  thiixl 
tome  (the  title  of  which  is  Opuscula  Philosophica ) 
from  p.  411.  to  p.  419.  in  an  epistle  directetl  to  our  au- 
thor Herbert — I^ugd.  1658.  fol.  and  by  Mr.  Richard 

coming  in  logick,  and  to  have  made  in  Greek  the  cxercie* 
requir'd  in  that  colledg,  oftner  than  in  L;itin.'  Life,  ?cc. 
pane  24.] 

*  Cambden  in  Annul.  R.Jac.  1.  an.  l02i.  ,:; 

'  [King  James  I.  sent  sir  Edward  Herbert  (after  L.  ller- 
liert  of  Cherbury)  his  embassador  into  France,  to  medi^it  a 
peace  between  the  king  and  the  reformed,  and  in  case  of 
refusal  to  use  memicc!,  which  sir  Eilw.  bravely  performed, 
to  Laynes,  and  after  to  the  French  king  himself;  which 
being  misrepresented  to  K.  James,  sir  Edward  was  recalled, 
and  the  carl  of  Carlisle  was  sent  embassador  into  Fiance  in 
his  roome ;  and  the  carl  finding  the  truth  to  be  otherwise 
than  was  represented  by  Laynes,  acquainleil  the  king  with 
i(.  Hereupon  sir  Edward  kneeled  to  the  king,  and  humbly  be- 
sought liim,  that  since  the  businesi  between  Laynes  and  him- 
self was  become  public,  that  a  trumpeter  if  not  an  herald  on 
sir  Edward's  part  might  be  sent  to  Laynes,  to  tell  him  that 
he  had  made  a  false  relation  to  the  king  of  ihc  passages  be- 
tween them  ;  and  that  sir  Edward  would  demand  reasons  of 
him,  with  sword  in  hand,  on  that  point  :  but  the  king  was 
not  pleased  to  grant  it ;  and  here  began  the  downfal  of  the 
power  of  (he  reformed  in  France,  and  the  rise  of  the  French 
grandure  by  land.  Detection  of  the  Court  and  State  of 
England,  Sec.  lu  Roger  Cake,  vol.  I.  lib.  1.  cap.  3  ;  p.  113, 
1 14.     Wood,  MS.  nule  in  Ashtnoie.'] 

"  Baronage  of  Eneland,  loui.  2.  p.  26l.  a. 

'  [See  a  veiy  curious  account,  given  by  himself,  of  the 
event  which  decided  hiMi  on  making  this  hook  public  in  his 
own  life,  page  171.  and  which  I  do  not  repeat  here,  as  it  has 
also  been'  given  by  Granger  in  his  Biographical  History  nf 
^ng/anrf,  vol.  ii,  page  3i9,  edit.  8vo.] 







Baxter  in  his  More  Reasons  Jm  the  Christian  Re- 
ligion^ &c.  Printed  at  Lond.  in  tw. 

De  Causis  Errorum  ;  una  own  Tractatu  de  Re- 
I'lgione  Laici,  <^  Appendice  ad  Sacerdotes ;  necnon 
quthiisdam  Pocmatibus.  Printetl  with  the  book  De 
Veritate,  &c.  1645.'  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  H.  7.  Aft. 

Life  aiul  Reign  of  K.  Hen.  8.  Lond.  1649, 
[BocU.  F.  2.  19.  Art.  Seld.]  and  72.  Both  which 
editions  being  collated  with  the  orijojinal  Mb.  in  the 
archives  of  BtHJley's  library  (given  thereunto  by  the 
author  in  1643)  by  certain  scholars  of  this  univer- 
sity, was  printed  at  Lond.  again  in  1682.  fol. 

Expcditio  Buckinghami  Duels  in  Ream  Insu- 
lam*  Written  by  the  author  in  1630,  published  by 
Timothy  Baldwin  doct.  of  law  and  fellow  of  All-s. 

coll. Lond.  1656.  oct.     [Bodl.  8vo.  H.  4.  Art. 


Occasional  Verses  (or  Poems)  Lend.  1665.  oct. 

SubUshed  by  Hen.  Herbert  his  Bon,  and  by  him 
ecUcated  to  Edwai-d  lord  Herbert  grandson  to  the 
author.  Others  of  his  poems  I  have  also  seen  in 
the  books  of  other  authors,'  occasionally  written, 
particularly  in  that  of  Joshua  Silvester,  entit.  La- 
crymoE  Lacrymarum ;  or  the  Spirit  of'  Tears  dis- 
tilled for  the  untimely  Death  of  Prince  Henry. 
Lond.  1613.  qu.  There  be  others  also  of  sir  Hen. 
Goodyere,  sir  Will.  CornwalUs,  Jos.  Hall,  &c. 

De  Rcligione  Gentilium,  Errorumque  apud  eos 
Causis.  Amst.  1663.*  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  S.  68.  Th.] 
At  length  after  our  author  Herbert  had  sided  with 
the  long  parliament,  and  had  received  satisfaction 
from  the  members  thereof  for  their  causing  Mount- 
gomery  castle  to  be  demolished,  upon  the  declining 
of  the  king's  cause,  he  surrendred  up  his  last  breath 
in  his  house  in  Queenstreet  near  London  in  sixteen 
hundred  forty  and  eight,  and  was  buried  in  the 
chancel  of  S.  Giles's  church  in  the  Fields.  Over 
his  grave,  which  is  under  the  south  wall,  was  laid  a 
flat  marble  stone  with  this  inscription  engraven 
thereon,  Heic  inhumatur  Corpus  Edwardi  Herbert 
Equitis  Balnei,  Baronis  de  Cherbury  &  Castle 
Island,  Auctoris  Libri  cui  Titulus  est  De  Veritate. 

'  fPrintcd  also  in  iCoC,  8vo.  Bodl.  Crynes  157-] 

*  [_Expedilio  in  Keam  [nsulum,  Aulhore  Edovnrdo  Do- 
mino Herlcrl,  Darone  de  Cherhury  in  Anglia,  et  Castri  In- 
iulce  de  Kerry  in  Hibernia  et  'Pare  ulriusque  Regni.  Anno 
MDCXXX.  Q,uam  puUici  Juris  fecit  Timollieus  Bald- 
uinus,  LL.  Doctor  e  Coll.  Omn.  Anim.  apud  Oxonienses, 
Soeius.  Londini  163G,  8vo.  Epistola  T.  B.  (i.  c. Tim.  Bald- 
win!) •  lectori  seqiiestro' — Epistola  E.  Herbert  serenissimo 
potentissinioque  inonarcha;  Carolo — dabam  castr.  de  Mont- 
gomery, Aug.  10,  I()30. — '  Ea  mihi  olim  a  duce  Bucking- 
hamo  demandata  fuit  provincia  ut  de  Expeditione  sua  in 
Ream  insulam  coramentarios  quosdam  tumiiltuaria  opera 
conscriptos  concinnarem,  et  in  ordinem  digererem.  Grave 
istud  (quod  nulla  deprecarer  excusatione)  molienti  onus, 
intervenit  nefaria  duels  ex  sicarii  manu  mors' —    Kennf.t.] 

'  [One  of  the  elegies  on  Dr.  Donne's  death  is  by  lord 
Herbert.]  ' 

■*  [Printed  again  at  Amsterdam  170O,  in  8vo.  Bodl. 
Crynes  693.] 

Vol.  in. 

Redder  ut  Herbae ;  Vicesimo  Die  Augusti  Anno 
Domini,  1648.  He  was  father  to '  Rich,  lord  Her- 
bert, and  he  to  Edward,  which  lost  dying  21  Apr. 
1691,  was  buried  on  the  28th  of  the  same  month 
near  to  the  grave  of  his  grandfather.  The  reader 
is  to  know,  that  one  Edward  Herbert  an  esquire's 
son*  of  the  county  of  Mountgomery,  was  matricu- 
lated in  the  university  as  a  member  of  Qu.  coli  in 
the  beginning  of  July  1608,  aged  17  years,  but  he 
is  not  to  be  taken  to  be  the  same  with  the  former 
who  was  lord  Herbert,  tho'  Isaac  Walton  in  the' 
Li/e  of  Mr.  George  Herbert  doth,'  and  from  him 
the  society  of  the  said  coll.  I  take  him  to  be  the 
same,  who  was  afterwards  a  knight  and  attorney 
general,  temp.  Car.  1.' 

[See  a  most  romantic  life  of  this  author,  wrote  by 
himself,  and  printed  at  Strawberry  hill  by  my 
friend  Mr.  Horace  Walpole,  youngest  son  to  the 
first  earl  of  Orfbrd,  and  sent  by  him  to  me  in  July 
1764,  when  it  was  published  in  4to,  with  a  neat 
print  of  lord  Herbert  lying  under  a  treie.  He  seems 
to  be  the  vainest  of  all  mortals,  as  also  the  most  of 
a  Quixot,  a  character  one  would  not  expect  in  the 
author  of  De  Veritate.  I  take  it  liis  neice  Catha- 
rine Vaughan  was  my  great,  great  grandmother. 
Wm.  Cole,  1764.  Lord  Herbert's  L^e  of  Him- 
self vias  printed  in  4to.  1764,  for  private  distribu- 
tion only.  It  was  afterwards  pubhshed  in  4to. 
Lond.  for  Dodsley  1770,  17     and  again  1792. 

Wood  had  never  seen  the  three  fdlowjng  poems, 

De  Vita  Humana. 

De  Vita  caelesti  Conjectura. 

Hecred.  ac  Nepot.  suis  Prtrcepta  et  Consilia, 
E.  B.  H.  de  C.  4-  C.  I.  de  K.  These  were  printed 
Lond.  1647,  4to.     In  the  Bridge  water  library.' 

The  '  neat  print'  above  mentioned  was  engraved 
from  an  original  of  Oliver's  by  A.  Walker,  and 
there  is  a  neat  small  head  of  lord  Herbert  by  Hol- 

SAMUEL  FELL  was  bom  within  the  parish 
of  S.  Clements  Danes  without  Temple-bar  near 
London,  elected  student  of  Ch.  Ch.  from  AVest- 
minster  school  1601,  aged  17  years,  took  the  de- 
grees in  arts,  that  of  master  being  compleated  in 
1608,  elected  proctor  of  the  university  in  1614,  ad- 
mitted bac.  of  div.  in  the  year  after,  and  about  that 

'  [By  Mary,  daughter  of  sir  William  Herbert  of  St.  Gil- 
lians,  who  he  niarried  Feb.  28,  13<)8,  and  by  whom  he  had 
several  children  ;  of  these  none  remained  when  he  wrote  his 
life,  except  Beaitice,  Richard  and  Edward.] 

*  [Viz.  Charles  Herbert  of  Aston,  thirtTson  of  Edward, 
son  of  sir  Richard.] 

7  Printed  at  Lond.  167O.  p.  U. 

*  ("Mr.  George  Herbert,  the  poet,  was  brother  to  Edward 
lord  Herbert  of  Cherbury.     Cole.] 

'  [And  this  opinion  I  believe  true.  J.  A.  MS.  note,  so 
signed,  in  a  copy  now  before  me.     Edit.] 

'  [111  1768  was  printed  in  4to.  A  Dialogue  on  Education, 
attributed  to  lord  Herbert,  how  justly  I  know  not,  never 
having  seen  the  tract.] 







time  became  minister  of  Freslnvater  in  the  isle  of 
Wight.  In  the  month  of  May  1619  he  was  installed 
eanon  of  Ch.  Ch.  and  the  same  year  ]>r(X'eeded  in 
divinity,  beino;  alH)ut  that  time  domestic  chaplain 
to  kini;  Jam.  1.  In  1626  he  was  made  Marj^aret 
professor,  and  .so  consequently  preliendary  of  Wor- 
cester, (which  was  about  that  tnne  annexetl  to  the 
[)rofessor8hip)  he  bein"  then  a  Calvinist.  At  length 
eaving  his  opinion,  became,  after  great  seekings 
and  cringings,  a  creature  of  Dr.  Laud  archliishop 
of  Canterbury,  by  whose  means  he  was  made  dean 
of  Lichfield,  upon  the  promotion  of  Dr.  John  War- 
ner to  the  see  of  R(x;hester,  an.  1637,  dean  of  Ch. 
Ch.  in  the  year  after  in  the  place  of  Dr.  Duppa  pro- 
moted to  the  see  of  Chichester,  and  would,  without 
doubt,  had  not  the  rebellion  broke  out,  been  a  bi- 
shop. In  1647  he  was  ejected  from  his  deanery 
and  vice-chancellorship,  after  he  had  suffered  much 
for  his  loyalty,  and  tor  the  preserving  of  the  sta- 
tutes and  liberties  of  the  university.  Afterwards 
retiring  to  his  rec-tory  of  Sunningwell  near  Abing- 
don in  Berks,  spent  the  short  remainder  of  his  life 
in  obscurity.     He  hath  written  and  published, 

Primitife ;  sive  Oratio  hahita  Oxonia:  in  Schold 
Theolofftce  9  Nov.  An.  1626.  Oxon.  1627.  qu. 
[Bodl.  D.  16.  10.  Line] 

Concio  Latina  ad  Baccalaureos  Die  Cineriim ;  in 
Colos.  2.  8.  Oxon.  1627.  qu.  [Bo<U.  D.  16.  10. 
Line]  and  other  things,  as  'tis  probable,  but  such  I 
have  not  yet  seen.  He  died  in  the  parsonage-house 
at  Sunningwell  before-mentioned,  on  the  first  day 
of  Febr.  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  eight,  and 
was  buried  in  the  chancel  of  the  church  there.  In 
his  deanery  Edward  Reynolds,  M.  A.  (afterwards 
D.  of  div.)  had  violently  been  thrust  in  by  the  au- 
thority of  parliament,  m  1648,  as  I  have  at  large 
told  *  you  elsewhere. 

[1612,  29  Jan.  Sam.  Fell,  A.  M.  coll.  ad  preb. 
de  Wenlockesbarn  in  ecclesia  Paid,  per  mortem 
Griffin  Vaughan.  Reg:  King-,  Loud.  Ep.  Ken- 

Sami'Fell  S.  T.  P.  presentatus  a  rege  ad  recto- 
riam  de  Sonningwell,  oioc.  Sarum,  21  Sept.  1625. 
Rymer,  Faedcra,  torn,  xviii,  p.  642, 644.  Januarii  7°. 


WILLIAM  TIPPING,  second  son  of 
George  Tipping,  of  Dreycot  and  Whitfield  in  Ox- 
fordshire, knight,  by  Dorothy  his  wife,  dau.  of  Joh. 
Burlacy  of  Little  Marlow  in  Bucks,  esq;  was  bom 
in  O.vfordshire,  (at  Dreycot  I  think")  became  a  com- 
moner of  Queen''s  coll.  under  the  tuition  of  Mr.  Joh. 
Langhonie  in  the  latter  end  of  1614,  aged  16  years, 
where  making  a  considerable  progress  in  logicals 
and  philosophicals,  took  a  degree  in  arts.  After- 
wards he  went  to  London,  and  spent  some  time  in 
one  of  the  inns  of  court,  but  his  geny  being  theolcv 

»  In  Kit.  ef  Antij.  Univ.  Oxon.  lib.  I.  sub  an.  l647. 

gicalty  given,  he  retired  to  Oxon,  livwl  a  .single  life 
many  years  in  Clanditch  in  the  north  suburbs  there- 
of, for  the  sake  of  sc-holastical  company  and  of 
books,  and  was  a  justice  of  the  peace  for  Oxford- 
shire. In  the  iK-ginning  of  the  civil  war  he  sided 
with  the  presbyterians,  (being  always  puritanically 
affected)  took  the  covenant,  and  at  length  was  nmSi 
one  of  the  visitors  of  the  university  ot  Oxon  by  the 
power  of  parliament,  an.  1647,  and  the  next  year  [119] 
was  iictually  created  master  of  arts.  He  hath  writ- 

A  Discourse  of  Eternity.  Oxon.  1633.  qu.'  Af- 
ter the  publication  of  which,  he  obtainetl  tne  name 
among  the  scholars  of  Eternity  Tipping,  to  distin- 
guish him  from  others  of  his  simame. 

A  Return  of  Thankfulness  for  the  unexpected 
Recovery  out  of  a  dangerous  Sickness.  Oxon.  1640. 


A  Father'' s  Counsel:  or.  Directions  to  young 
Persons.  Lond.  1644.  oct. 

The  Preachers  Plea:  or,  a  short  Declaration 
touching  the  sad  Condition  of  our  Clergy,  in  Rela- 
tion to  the  Smallncss  (if  their  Maintenance  througfi- 
mtt  tfie  Kingdom.  Lond.  1646.  in  tw.  [Bodl.  Svo." 
J.  5.  Th.  BS.I 

The  remarkable  Life  and  Death  of  the  Lady 
Apollonia  Hall,  IVidozc,  deceased  in  the  3,1st  Year 
of  her  Age.  Lond.  1647.  in  tw.  He  gave  way  to 
fate  at  Waterstock  near  to,  and  in  the  county  of, 
Oxon,  on  the  second  day  of  Febr.  in  sixteen  hun- 
dred forty  and  eight,  and  was  buried  on  the  eighth  iG4f. 
day  of  the  same  month  in  the  chancel  of  the  church 
there.  This  person  tho'  born  to  a  fair  estate,  and 
so  consequently  might  have  taken  those  pleasures 
which  the  generality  of  gentlemen  do,  yet  he  gave 
himself  solely  up  to  learning,  piety,  and  charity. 
He  gave  20  shillings  yearly  to  All-saints  parish  m 
Oxon  for  a  sermon  to  be  preached  there  every  Good 
Friday,  and  three  *  hundred  jX)unds* 
towards  the  building  of  a  bridewell 
house  without  the  north-gate  of  the 
city,  some  years  before  the  rebellion 
broke  out. 

an  hundred 
pounds,  firit 

JOHN  GEREE,  a  Yorkshire  man  bom,  be- 
came either  a  batler  or  serv'itour  of  Magd.  hall  in 
the  beginning  of  the  year  1615,  and  in  that  of  his 
age  15,  took  the  degrees  in  arts,  that  of  master 
being  compleatcd  in  1621,  entretl  into  holy  orders, 
and  became  minister  of  a  market  town  in  Glouces- 
tershire called  Tewkesbury. 

But  being  schisma- 

3  [;\nother  edit.  Lond.  l646,  among  Selden's  books  in 
Bddley  (8vo.  B.  18.  Th.  BS.)  A  Disnvrse  of  Ehrnilie 
collec/ed  and  composed  Jor  the  common  Good.  JJei'ig  neces- 
sary for  all  Seasons,  hut  especially  for  this  Time  of  Catamilie 
and  Destruction.  Printed  at  London  bif  George  Miller  for 
Christopher  Meredith,  at  the  Signe  of  the  Crane  in  Pautt 
Church  Yard.  l046.     This  edit,  was  anonymous.] 

*  [Three  hundred.  So  Mr.  Keblewhite.  Wood.  MS. 
note  in  Ashmolc.] 



tically  inclined,  he  refused  to  conform  to  certain  ce- 
remonies in  tlie  cliurch  of  England,  wliereupon 
beinf  silenced  by  Goodman  his  diocesan,  he  lived 
by  the  helps  of  the  brethren.  At  lenjrth  upon  the 
change  of  the  times  in  1641,  he  was  restored  by 
the  committee  of  religion  to  his  said  cure,  where 
continuing  till  about  1645,  became  preacher  of  the 
word  at  S.  Alban's  in  Hertfordshire,  and  in  two 

fears  after,  or  less,  at  S.  Faith's  under  Paul's  in 
.ondon :  At  all  which  places  he  was  much  resorted 
to  by  those  of  the  presbyterian  jjersuasion.  He 
hath  written  and  published  these  things  following. 

Several  sermons,  viz.  (1.)  The  Downfal  of  Anti- 
christ, &c.  Sermon  oil  2  Thes.  2.  8.  Lond.  1641. 
2u.  dedicated  to  John  White,  esq;  and  the  rest  of 
le  committee  for  religion.  (2.)  JudaKs  Joy  at 
the  Oath,  (Covenant)  Sermon  on  2  Chr.  15.  15. 
Lond.  1641.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  A.  57.  Th.]  (3.)  The 
Red,  or  the  Bloodiness  of  War,  Sermxm  at 
PauFs  16  Juhj  1648;  on  Rev.  6.  4.  Lond.  1648. 
qu.  [Bodl.  4to'.  J.  1.  Th.  BS.]  &c. 

Vind'icia:  Voti :  or,  a  Vindication  of  the  true 
Sense  of  the  national  Covenant  in  Answer  to  the 
ProtestatUm  protested.  Lond.  1641.  qu. 

Vindicia;  Eccks.  Anglicance :  or,  ten  Cases  re- 
solved, which  discover,  that  thd  there  be  need  of 
Reformation  in,  yet  not  of  Separation  from,  the 
Churches  of  Christ;  in  Englaiid.  Lond.  1644.  (ju. 
[Bodl.  4to.  D.  82.  Th.]  Ded.  to  Mr.  Rich.  CapeU 
sometimes  of  Magd.  coll. 

Proofs  that  the  King  may,  without  Impeachment 
of  his  Oath,  touching  the  Clergy  at  his  Coronation, 
ccmsent  to  the  Abrogation  cf  Episcopacy,  and  the 
Objections  against  it  in  two  several  Treatises 
printed  at  Oxon,  fully  anszvered.  Lond.  1646.  qu. 
m  one  sheet.  Or  thus  as  'tis  in  another  title,  Case 
of  Conscience  resolved.  Wherein  it  is  cleared  tlutt 
the  King  may  witlujut  Impeachment  of  his  Oath, 
touching  the  Clergy  at  his  Coronation,  consent  to 
the  Abrogation  of  Episcopacy.  Lond.  1646.  qu.  in 
one  sh.  and  half 

Astrologo-ma.stix.  The  Vanity  of  judicial  Astro- 
logy. Lond.  1646.  qu. 

Vindicia;  Pcedo-Baptismi :  or,  a   Vindication  of 
Infant-Baptism  in  a  full  Answer  to  Mr.  Tombe''s 
12  Arguments  alledged  against  it  in  his  Exercita- 
tion,  &c.    Lond.  1646.  quarto.    [Bodl.  4to.   B.  9- 
Th.  BS.] 
[120]  Character  of  an  old  English  Puritan,  or  Non- 

conformist. Lond.  1646.'  in  1  sh.  in  qu.  [Bodl.  4to. 
B.  9.  Th.  BS.] 

VindicicE  Vindiciarum :  or,  a  Vindication  of  his 
Vi7idication  of  Infant-Baptism  from  the  Eocceptions 
nf  Mr.  Harrison  in  his  Pccdo-Baptism  oppugned, 
and  from  the  Exceptions  of  Mr.  Tumhes,  See. 
Loncl.  1647.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  B.  9-  Th.  BS.] 

A  Catechism  in  brief  Questions  and  Answers, 
&c.  Lond.  1647.  oct.  [Bod    8vo.  C.  17.  Th.  BS.] 

'  [Ueprinted  Lond.  l673,  4lo.] 

Touching  Supremacy  in  Causes  Ecclesiastical, 
shelving  how  that  tlie  Power  Civil  and  Ecclesias- 
tical may  act  without  Encroachment  of  each  otlier. 
Writti'ii  1647.  printed  in  qu. 

[®eto(paii^ax(>v,  or  a  Divine  Potion  to  preserve 
spiritual  Health,  by  the  Cure  of  unnatural  HealtJh- 
drinking,  or'']  An  Exercise  wherein  t/te  Evil  if 
Health-drinking  is  by  clear  and  solid  ArgumentJi 
convinced.  Lond.  164i3.  in  two  sh.  in  qu.  [Bo<ll. 
4to.  G.  11.  Th.  BS.J 

The  Sifter's  Sieve  broken :  or,  a  Reply  to  Dr. 
Bougheii's  Sifting  his  Case  of  Conscience,  ^c. 
toucliing  tJie  King^s  Coronation  Oath.  Lond.  1648. 

Anszver  to  Mr.  John  Goodwins  Might  and  Rigid 
well  met ;  wherein  is  cleared,  that  the  Action  of  the 
Army  in  Secluding  many  Parliament  Men  from 
the  Place  of  their  Discharge  of  TruM,  and  the 
Imprisoning  of  some  of  them,  is  neither  defen- 
sible by  the  Rules  of  solid  Rea.son,  nor  Religion. 
London.  1649.  qvi.  in  5  sheets.  AVhereupon  Jo. 
Goodwin '  came  out  with  a  reply  the  same  year 
entit.  Alight  overcoming  Right,"  &,c.  \Vliat  other 
things  our  author  Joh.  Geree  hath  written,  I  know 
not.  See  more  of  him  in  Will.  Pemble  among  these 
writers  in  162.3.  vol.  ii.  col.  331.  All  that  I  have 
more  to  say  of  him  is,  that  he  died  in  his  house  in 
Ivey-lane  near  to  Pater-noster-row  in  London,  in 
the  latter  end  of  the  year  (in  Febr.  as  it  seems)  six- 
teen hiuidred  forty  and  eight,  but  where  buried,  un-  '64|. 
less  in  S.  Faith's  church  before-mentioned,  I  cannot 
tell.  The  minister  who  preached  his  funeral  ser- 
mon told  the  auditory  that  he  died  jxxjr ;  where- 
ujx)n  there  was  a  collection  of  money  made  among 
the  brethren  for  his  children.  This  is  the  same  Mr. 
Geree  a  minister,  whom  a  noted '  author  reports  to 
have  died  with  grief  and  trouble  lor  the  murder  of 
K.  Ch.  I. 

[Directions for  the  private  Reading  of  the  Scrip- 
tures ;  wJierein  besides  tlie  Number  cfthe  diopters 
assigned  to  every  Day,  the  Order  and  Drft  of  the 
zeliole  Scripture  is  metliodicully  set  down :  And 
choice  Rules  (that  shew  how  to  read  with  Profit) 

«  [Tanner.] 
'  [Jo.  Got  "    ■ 

Goodwin  Norfolc.  adm.  socius  coll.  Refill.  Nov. 
10,  l(il7. 

Quidam  Jo.  Goodwin  adtnissus  in  coll.  Jo.  Cant.  1587, 
quaere  ? 

Quidam  Jo.  Goodwin  coll.  Einan.  adui.  in  Matr.  Acad. 
Cant.  Jul.  9,  1G29. 

Jo.  Goodwin,  Stafford,  adm.  socius  coll.  Jo.  Apr.  6,  IS93. 

^  [Wood  has  mistaken  this  title  :  Might  overcoming  Right 
was  one  of  Geree's  own  book?.  The  answer  by  Goodwin 
was  entitled  A  brief  Reply  lo  a  Treatise,  inlituled  KATA- 
jiTNArrHI  or  Might  overcoming  Right.  Published  by  M.  J. 
Geree,  a  little  before  his  Death.  This  was  printed  at  page 
09  ofTUPlXTOAlKAI:  The  Ohstructovrs  of  Justice :  or  a  De- 
fence of  the  Honourable  Sentence  passed  upon  the  late  King 
by  the  High  Court  of  Justice,  &c.  &c.  Lond.  1S49,  4to.  See 
it  in  Bodl.  Line.  A.  1.  19.] 

'  See  Mr.  Rich.  Baxter  in  liis  Plea  for  the  Nonconformists 
Ministry,  Lond.  168I.  p.  145. 




are  likewise  given.  The  Use  whereof  is  shexced  in 
the  Preface.  By  Nich.  B^fciM,  '">  Preacher  (f  God's 
Word  at  Isleicorfh  in  Middlesex.  The  fourth  Edi- 
tion. Wherein  the  Anulyticall  Tables  are  much  atul 
profitably  inlarffed,  and  Helps  prescribed  to  tlwse 
that  cannot  write  or  read.  By  Jo:  Geree  M.  A. 
and  Pas-tour  of  Saint  Faith's,  London.  Where- 
unto  is  annexed  a  jnthy  Direction  to  reconcile 
Places  df Scripture  which  seem  repugnant.  Lon- 
don 16fe.  12mo.  Preface  addressed  '  to  the  Chris- 
tian reader,  and  more  especially  to  my  loving  pa- 
rishioners of"  St.  Faiths  London — '  Being  moved  oy 
a  friend  to  review  and  supply  some  defects  in  a  httle 
book  intituled  Directions  &c.  I  at  first  put  it  off  as 
a  task  fitter  for  some  of  neer  alliance  to  him;  but 
understanding  that  engagement  in  pubUke  affairs 
prevented  help  in  that  way,  I  .undertooke  the  work 
—the  defects  which  I  was  to  supply,  were  not  at 
first  found  out  by  me,  but  suggested  by  another 
reverend  divine  (M.  H.  Palmer)  now  witn  God. — 
From  my  study  in  Ivy  Lane,  Jan.  4,  1647.'  Bodl. 
8vo.  B.  24.  Th.  BS.] 

"JAMES  HAMILTON  the  eldest  son  of 
James  marquis  of  Hamilton  in  Scotland,  by  the 
lady  Anne  Cuningham  his  wife,  daughter  of 
James  earl  of  Glencairn,  was  born  of  a  most  an- 
tient  and  noble  family  at  Hamilton,  on  the  19  of 
June  1606,  Ijecame  a  nobleman  of  Exeter  coll. 
under  the  tuition  of  Dr.  John  Prideaux,  by  the 
name  and  title  of  James  Hamilton  earl  of  Arran, 
in  the  beginning  of  July  1621,  where  spending 
about  three  years  in  good  letters,  retired  to  the 
court,  and  upon  the  death  of  his  father,  which 
hapned  in  the  latter  end  of  1624,  he  became  mar- 
quis of  Hamilton  and  earl  of  Cambridge,  and 
shortly  after  grew  in  such  favour  with  K.  Ch.  I 
that  he  made  him  one  of  the  gent,  of  his  bed- 
chamber, knight  of  the  Garter  and  master  of  the 

horse.     In    1630   he   sent   the  lord  Rea   a 

Scotch  man  to  the  king  of  Sweden,  to  offer  his 
assistance,  and  that  he  would  bring  over '  forces 
to  him,  but  some  suspected  tlie  marquis  to  have  a 
deeper  design,  under  this  pretence,  to  begin  to 
raise  forces  to  back  his  intended  purpose  oi  mak- 
ing himself  king  of  Scotland.  But  the  marquis 
bemg  full  of  subtilty  and  in  great  favour  with  the 
king,  he  wiped  off  all  suspicion  of  himself,  goes 
on  with  raising  of  his  army,  and  conduct»Jd  it 
into  Germany.  But  so  little  care  was  taken  of 
provisions  and  accommodations  for  his  men,  that 
they  were  brougiit  into  a  sick  and  shattered 
condition  ;  so  that  they  mouldred  away  in  a  short 
time,  and  the  marquis  was  forced  to  return  to 
England,  without  gruning  any  great  renown  by 
this  action,  wherein  he  neither  did  service  to  the 
K.  of  Sweden,  or  to  himself,  or  to  the  protestants 

'•  [Of  N.  Byfielil  sec  vol.  ii,  col.  323.] 

'  "  Bulstr.  Whillock  in  \m  Memorials 

ic.  under  the  year  1 630." 

of  English  AJfairs, 

"  cause  in  Gern)any.     In  1638,  when  divers  tu- 

"  mults  were  raised  in  Scotland  under  colour  of 

"  asserting  the  religion  there  established,  he  was 

"  about  tlie  end  of  tlie  month  of  May  employed  ' 

"  thither,   in   order    to   the    appeasing    of    them : 

"  whence  he  returned  in  Nov.  following.  Also  upon       [121] 

"  that  great  insurrection  of  the  Scots  in  1639,  wliich 

"  occasioned  his  majesty  to  raise  considerable  forces 

"  by  sea  and  land  (liimself  also  nuu-ching  in  person 

"  thither)  this  marquis  had  the  whole  fleet  (pre- 

"  pared  for  that  purpose)  committed  to  his  trust 

"  and  conduct.     And  after  that  upon  a  farther  in- 

"  surrection  there,  being  sent  again  into  that  realm, 

"in  order  to  his  majesty's  service,  for  the  better 

"  countenancing  him  therein,  had  the  title  of  duke' 

"  conferred  on  him  in  Apr.   1643.     About  which 

"  time   the   Scots  having  raised  another  army  to 

"  assist  the  English  rebels  then  in  a  dechning  con- 

"  dition,  he  hastned  to  the  king  at  Oxon,  accom- 

"  panied  with  his  brother  AVilliam  earl  of  Lanerick, 

"  giving  out  to  all  the  governors  of  such  towns  and 

"  ca-stles  as  lay  in  their  road,  that  being  banished 

"  tlieir  country  for  their  loyalty  to  his  majesty,  and 

"  plundered  of  their  estates  by   the  covenanters, 

"  they  were  at  that  time  thus  constrained  to  flee  for 

"  the  safety  of  their  lives.    What  cause  of  suspicion 

"  the  king  then  had  of  the  duke's  fidelity,  is  not  yet 

"  certainly  known  :  sure  it  is  that  upon  his  arrival 

"  at  Oxon,  16  Dec.  1643,  his  maj.  did  not  only  re- 

"  fuse  him  access  to  his  presence,  but  sent  him  on 

"  the  3  of  Jan.  following  prisoner  to   Pendennis 

"  castle  in  Cornwall ;  where  continuing  for  some 

"  time,  he  was  translatetl  to  St.  Michael's  mount  in 

"  the   same  county,   where  he   continu'd   till    the 

"  month  of  Aug.  an.  1646,  when  all  being  lost,  and 

"  that,  among  other  garrisons,  surrendred,  he  was 

"  thereupon  freed  and  went  into  Scotland.     After 

"  wliich  his  maj.  being  sold  by  the  brethren  of  that 

"  realm   (to  whom    he  had  fled   for  refuge,   they 

"  being  then  besieging  Newark)  unto  the  covenants 

"  ing  presbvterians  of  England,  and  from  tliem  at 

"  length  taKen  by  the  independents  to  serve  their 

"  ends,  and  made  prisoner  in  several  places,  par- 

"  ticularly  in  the  isle  of  Wight,  this  duke  Hamilton 

"  discerning  how  distastful  to  the  world  those  huck- 

"  sters  then  were ;  for  thus  making  merchandize  of 

"  their  native  king,  and  their  brethren  in  England 

"  grown  odious,    not  restoring  him    to   his   royal 

"  power,  when  they  might ;  as  also  that  the  inde- 

"  pendents  were   generally   abominated,    for   pre- 

"  tending  his  restoration,  and  afterwai-ds  keeping 

"  him  close  prisoner  in  the  said  island,  made  over- 

"  ture  to  the  Scots  for  rsusing  an  wcmy  in  order  to 

"  his  rescue.     Which  matter  seeming  plausible  to 

"  them,  but  much  more  to  the  royalists,  he  wanted 

"  neither  men  nor  arms  to  serve  him  in  that  ad- 

"  "  Will.Dngdale  in  hh  Baronage  of  England,  Reprinted 
167C.  torn.  3.  p.  439.  b." 
'  "  Ibid." 





"  venture :  Aiid  to  the  intent  he  might  therein  ob- 
"  tain  the  favour  of  tlie  kirk,  lie  declared  for  the 
"  covenant,  anil  niarcli'd  into  England.  Hut  this 
"  attempt  having  neither  his  majesty ''s  autiiority 
"  nor  approbation,  his  maj.  was  heard  to  say  (being 
"  then  a  prisoner  in  the  said  isle  of  Wight)  inx)n 
"  the  first  notice  that  the  Scots  were  entred  mto 
"  this  kingdom*  '  The  duke  then  is  utterly  undone,' 
"  for  he  would  not  confide  in  him,  because  of  his 
"  conduct  and  design  he  was  much  diffident :  and 
"  therefore  to  evidence  his  integrity,  he  his  niaj. 
"  gave  strict  charge  to  such  officers,  who  had  in  the 
"  war  served  him,  that  neither  they,  nor  any  sol- 
"  diers  of  his  party  should  joyn  with  Hamilton  or 
"  the  Soots.  By  that  time  the  duke  had  got  to 
"  Preston  in  Lancashire,  his  horse  and  foot  being 
"  at  a  large  distance  asunder,  Cromwell  and  Lani- 
"  bert  fell  there  upon  him  with  such  advantage,  as 
"  that  he  became  necessitated  to  forsake  his  foot 
"  and  march  southward.  So  that  being  closely 
"  pursued,  and  not  able  to  make  head,  he  was  taken 
"  at  Uttoxeter  in  Staffordshire,  and  thence  carried 
"  prisoner  to  Windsor  castle,  and  afterwards  to 
"  Westminster,  where  he  continued  till  he  was 
"  brought  to  the  block.  Under  this  duke''s  name 
"  go  these  things  following, 

"  Preface  to  a  Book  entit.  General  Demands  con- 
"  cerninff  the  late  Covenant  propounded  to  the  Mi- 
"  nisters  and  Professors  of  Divinity  in  Aberdeen, 
"  to  some  rev.  Brethren,  ivho  cume  thither  to  re- 
"  commend  the  late  Covenant  to  them,  and  to  tliose 
"  that  are  committed  to  their  Charge,  &c.  printed 
"  1638.  qu.  Those  that  wrote  the  said  General 
"  Demands,  &c.  were  Alex.  Ilosse  sometimes  mi- 
"  nister  at  Aberdeen,  Joh.  Forbes  of  Corse,  Dr. 
"  and  professor  of  div.  at  Aberdeen,  Alexand. 
*'  Scrogie  min.  at  Old  Aberdeen  and  D.  of  D.  Will. 
"  Lesley  D.  D.  and  principal  of  the  King's  coll.  in 
"  Aberdeen,  Rob.  Baron  Dr.  and  prof  of  div.  and 
"  min.  at  Aberdeen,  Jam.  Sibbald  D.  of  div.  and 
"  min.  there  also.  The  duke  of  Ham.  hath  also 
"  written, 

"  Various  Letters They  were  mostly  written 

"  to  K.  Ch.  I.  Some  to  the  queen,  and  some  to 
"  great  personages. 

"  Conferences,  Advices,  Answers,  &c. — These, 
"  as  most  of  his  letters,  you  may  see  in  The  Me- 
"  moirs  of  the  Lives  and  Actions  of  James  and 
"  William  Dukes  of  Hamilton,  &c.  published  by 
«  Gilb.  Biunet  D.  D.  in  7  Ixjoks.  Lond.  1674.  fol. 
"  [Bodl.  D.  4.  12.  Art] 

"  Several  Speeches Among  which  must  not 

"  be  forgotten  one  written  with  his  own  hand  before 
"  his  death  (supjwsing  it  would  not  be  permitted  to 
"  be  spoken  on  the  scaffold)  which  was  published 
"  by  his  brother  Lanerick,  and  another  which  he 
"  spoke  on  the  scaffold  at  the  time  of  his  execution, 

*  "  SirTho.  Herbert  in  his  book  eotit.  Carolina  Threnodia, 

published  with  his  *  Conference  had  with  Dr.  Ja: 
Sibbald,  printed  at  Lond.  1649.  qu.  [Bcxll.  C. 
15.  6.  Line]     But  now  let's  bring  this  unhappy 
man  to  his  last  exit :  after  he  had  iinpcared  se- 
veral times  before  the  higii  court  of"  justice  to 
answer  lor  his  j)retended   treasons  by  invading 
the  kingdom  of"  England,  received  his  doom  fronr 
Joh.  Bradshaw  the  president  thereof,  on  tlie  6  of 
March  1648,  whereujwn  being  l)cheaded  on  a 
scaff'old  near  to  the  great  gate  leading  into  West- 
minster-hall on  Friday  the  ninth  day  of  the  same  ■*'• 
month,  his  Ixxly  was  soon  after  conveyed  by  sea 
to  Hamilton  in  Scotland  and  there  deposited  in  the 
church  among  his  ancestors.     See  more  in  The 
Memoirs,  &.c.  before-mentioned,  written  in  favour 
of  the  said  duke,  as  to  his  loyalty  to  the  king,  and 
his  cause ;  much  repugnant  to  a  pamphlet  pub^ 
lished  some  months  oefore  the  duke's  death  enUt. 
The  manifjld  Practices   and  Attempts   of  the 
Humiltons,  and  particularly  of  tlie  present  Duke 
of  Hamilton  now  General  of  the  Scotish  Army, 
to  get  the  Croicn  (f  Scotland,  &c.  written  in  May 
1648,  and  printed  at  Lond.  the  same  year  in  3  sh. 
in  qu.     All,  or  most  of,  which  pamphlet  is  in- 
volv'd  in  another,  which  came  out  just  after  the 
duke's   death,    entit. — Digitus   Dei:    or,    God's 
Justice  upon  Treachery  and  Trecuion,  exemplified 
in  the  Life  and  Death  of  tlie  late  James  Duke  of 
Hamilton:  being  an  exact  Relation  of  his  Tray- 
'  ierous  Practices  since  the  Year  1680,  &c.  Lond. 
'  1649,  in  4  sh.  in  qu.  written  by  March.  Nedham, 
'  who  -hath  added  thereunto  the  duke's  epitaph, 
'  very  satyrically  written :  After  the  execution  of  the 
'  said  duke,  Henry  earl  of  Holland,  and  the  most 
'  noble  Arthur  lord  Capell  were  for  tlieir  loyalty  in 
'  endeavouring  to  rescue  tlieir  captive  king  from 
'  his  imprisonment  in  the  isle  of  Wight,  beheaded 
'  also  upon  the  same  stage.     The  last  entred  on 
'  the  scaflFold  like  a  brave  and  generous  liopian, 
'  walked  to  and  fro  in  a  careless  posture  with  his 
'  hat  cock'd,  and  shew'd  nothing  of  discomposure 
'  at  the  approachment  of  death,  but  carried  himself 
'  to  the  very  jioint  of  it  with  such  wonderful  bold- 
'  ness  and  resolution  that  it  struck  tlie  generality 
'  of  the  spectaUws  with  profound  admiration." 

[There  are  several  fine  old  prints  of  the  duke  of 
Haniilton.     I  shall  particularise  four, 

1.  On   horseback,  inscribed   James  marquis   of 
Hamilton—'  Sold  by  W.  Webb.' 

2.  By  Voerst. 

3.  By  Hollar,  small. 

4.  By  11.  White ;  before  Burnet's  Lives  of  the 

«  ROBERT  HEYRICK  was  a  Londoner  bom, 
"  but  descended  from  those  of  his.  name  (which  are 

'  "  See  also  at  the  end  o{  Excetlent  Conltmplalions  divine 
and  moral,  Written  by  Arthur  lord  Capell.  Lond.  l683, 
ocl.  |).  UC,  147." 







"  anlicnt  and  genteel)  in  Leicestersliire,  was  elected 
"  fellow  of  Alls.  coll.  from  that  of  S.  John's  as  it 
"  seenis,  in  the  year  16!^,  but  t(x>k  no  dej^iec,  as  I 
"  can  yet  find.  Afterwards  lieing  patroniz'd  by  the 
"  earl  of  E.xeter,  lived  near  tlie  river  Dean-Bourne 
"  in  Devonshire,  where  he  excrcis'd  his  muse  as 
"  well  in  jxxjtry  as  other  leaniinji;,  and  became 
"  much  beloved  by  the  gentry  in  those  parts  for  his 
"  florid  anil  witty  discourse :  but  Ixjing  forced  to 
"  leave  that  place,  he  retired  to  London,  where  he 
"  pubhslied 

"  Hcxpc  rides :  or,  Works  both  humane  and  di- 
"  vine.  Lond.  1648,  in  a  thick  oct.  with  his  picture 
"  (a  shoulder-piece)  Ijefore  it 

"  His  noble  Numbers :  or,  his  Pieces.  Wh-erein 
"  {among  other  things)  he  sings  the  Birth  of  Christ, 
"  and  Sighs  for  his  Saviours  Suffering.^  on  tlie 

"  Cross printetl  with  Hespcrides.     These  two 

"  books  of  poetry  made  him  much  admired  in 
"  tlie  time  when  they  were  published,  especially  by 
"  tlie  generous  and  boon  loyalists,  among  whom 
"  he  was  numbred  as  a  sufferer.  Afterwards  he 
"  had  a  benefice  confen-'d  on  him  (in  Dcvonsh.  I 
"  think)  by  die  said  E.  of  Essex,  and  was  living  in 
"  S.  Ann's  parish  in  Westminster,  after  his  ma^ 
"  iesty's  restoration.  He  had  a  brother  or  near 
"  kin.sman  named  Rich.  Heyrick  a  divine,  whom  I 
"  have  elsewhere  mention'd." 

[WockI  has  enrolled  Heyrick  among  our  Oxford 
«Titers  without  his  usual  accuracy,  as  that  poet  was 
iu  no  way,  that  I  can  find,  connected  with  this  uni- 
versity. There  was,  it  is  true,  a  Robert  Heyrick, 
the  son  of  a  knight,  and  born  in  I^ondon,  matricu- 
lated of  St.  John's  college,  in  his  17th  year,  October 
13,  1615,*  but  no  such  name  (X"curs  at  All  Souls, 
where  a  Roger  Heyrick  '  in  artibus  baccalaureus, 
de  comitatu  Middle.sexise  et  dif)ccs.  liOndon.  con- 
sanguineus  fundatoris,''  was  admitted  fellow  in  1628. 

Heyrick  on  the  contrary  was  a  Cambridge  man. 
He  entcretl  about  the  year  1615  at  St.  John's  coll. 
in  that  university,  as  a  fellow  commoner,  and  re- 
moved in  about  tliree  years  to  Trinity  hall,  where 
he  studied  the  law.  J?ut  being  patronized  by  the  earl 
of  Exeter,  he  (juitted  this  profession  for  the  church, 
and  in  1629  (Oct.  1.)  wa.s  presented  by  king 
Charles  I.  to  the  vicarage  of  Dean-Prior,  in  Devon- 
shire, then  vacant  by  the  promotion  of  Dr.  B. 
Potter  to  tlie  see  of  CarUsle.  During  the  reign  of 
Cromwell  he  was,  of  course,  deprived  of  his  benefice, 
but  it  was  restored  to  him  on  the  return  of  Charles 
II.     When  or  where  he  died  is  uncertain. 

He3rrick's  Hesperides  is  a  vol.  of  equal  rarity  and 
merit.  Several  of  his  poems  have  been  revived  in 
modem  collections,  the  best  perhaps  will  be  found 
in  Drake's  Literary  Hours,  those  which  more  espe- 
cially relate  to  himself  and  his  family  in  Nichols's 
Hist,  of  Leicestershire,  where  also  are  several  of  his 

■•  VRtg.  Maine.  Univ.  O.ron.  PP.  fol 
"  [Heg.  Sociurum  Cull.  omn.  Ann.  MS.] 


letters.  About  tlie  year  1812  Dr.  J.  Nott  of  Bris- 
tol printed  Select  Poems  from  tlic  Hesperides,  'with 
occasional  Remarks  by  J.  N.  {Bristol,  printed  by 
J.  M.  Gutch.)  This  vol.  contains  284  of  his  poems ; 
and  it  is  only  to  be  regretted  tliat  the  editor  did  not 
extend  his  collection  t(»  double  the  number.  I  gi\"e 
one  only  as  a  specimen-— 

To  the  Virgins  to  make  much  of  Time- 

Gather  ye  rose-buds  while  ye  may. 

Old  Time  is  still  a  flying ; 
And  this  same  flow'r  that  smiles  to-day. 

To-morrow  will  be  dying. 

The  glorious  lamp  of  heav'n,  the  sun, 

The  higher  he's  a  getting ; 
The  sooner  will  his  race  be  run, 

And  nearer  he's  to  setting. 

That  age  is  best  which  is  the  first, 
When  youth  and  blood  are  warmer ; 

But,  being  spent,  the  worse ;  and  worst 
Times  still  succeed  the  former. 

Then  be  not  coy,  but  use  your  time. 

And  while  ye  may,  go  marry  ; 
For,  having  lost  but  once  your  prime. 

You  may  for  ever  tarry. 

The  head  of  Heyrick  prefixed  to  his  Hesperides 
is  engraved  by  W.  Marshall,  and  is  very  rare.  It 
has  been  copied  on  a  magnified  scale  by  Schiavo- 
netti  for  Nott's  selections.] 

ROBERT  WELDON  a  man  of  parts  during 
liis  stay  in  the  university,  took  the  degrees  in  arts  as 
a  stuifent  of  Ch.  Ch.  that  of  master  being  cora- 
pleated  in  1615.  Afterwards  he  liecame  rector  of 
Stony-Stanton  in  Leicestershire,  wrote  and  pub- 

The  Doctrine  of  the  Scriptures  concerning  the 
Original  of  Dominion.  ]llierci7i  God's  perpetual 
Propriety  in  the  Sovereignty  (rf  the  rchole  Earth; 
and  the  King's  great  Cluirter  for  the  Administra- 
tion thereof  by  authoritative  Records  in  both  the 
Testaments,  [and  sundry  of  tlie  chief  Arguments 
reduced  into  Form  ready  Jbr  tlie  present  Examina- 
tion of  tliose  who  in  this  great  Cause  desire  tlie 
Truth^l  <^c.  is  Jure  divino. — Lond.  1648.  qu.  In 
which  book  the  author  shews  himself  to  be  well 
read  in  various  sorts  of  learning,  and  by  some  pas- 
sages therein  a  loyalist,  and  a  sufferer  for  the  king's 

"  WILLIAM  BRERETON,  descended  from 
"  the  antient  and  knightly  fanidy  of  his  name  of 
"  Brereton  in  Cheshire,  was  bom,  as  I  presume,  at 

"  [Rawliksok.] 

'  [Nichois,  Hist,  of  Leicestershire,  iv.  972,  says  he  was 
forced  the  country  for  his  own  safety,  and  aods  that  he 
died  before  the  restoration.] 





"  Honford  (where  his  father  lived)  in  the  .  same 
"  coiintv,  sjK'nt  sonic  time  either  in  the  condition  of 
"  a  gent.  com.  or  an  hospes  in  Oxon,  left  it  without 
"  a  degree,  exercisM  himself  in  martial  feats  beyond 
"  the  seas,  as  I  have  heard,  became  afu>rwards  a 
"  l)aronet,  and  at  length  knight  for  Cheshire  to  serve 
"  in  the  two  parliaments  called  in  1640  :  but  having 
"  been  puritanically  educated,  he  sided  with  the 
"  presbyterians  in  the  beginning  of  the  rebellion 
^'  raiseti  by  them,  took  a  commission  from  them  to 
"  be  a  colonel,  took  the  covenant,  and  in  June 
"  1644  he  was  by  the  parliament  made  major  ge- 
"  neral  of  Cheshire,  Staffordshire,  and  Lancashire. 
"  What  his  services  were  for  the  parliament,  and 
"  how  he  did  beat  and  sometimes  was  beaten,*  the 
"  common  chronicles  will  tell  you ;  but  when  the 
"  king's  cause  began  to  decline,  and  he  thereupon 
"  obtaining  victories  and  garrisons,  all  his  arrears 
"  were  jiaid,  after  the  rate  of  ten  pounds  per  diem 
"  as  a  major-gen.  and  five  thousand  poimds  given 
"  to  him  out  of  such  delinquents  (royalists) 
"  estates,  that  were  not  then  (in  Oct.  1646)  com- 
"  poimdcd  for,  &c.  Afterwards  the  inde|iendents 
"  gmning  the  reins  of  the  government  into  their 
"  hands,  we  heard  no  more  of  him,  only  that  he 
"  submitted  to  their  government  while  he  lived  in 
"  his  own  country.  Under  his  name  were  pub- 
"  lished, 

"  Divers  Letters  to  Will.  Lenthall  the  Speaker 
"  and  the  Parliament. — Among  these  I  find  his 
"  Letter  to  tJieJbrmer,  concerning  all  the  Passages 
"  and  Treatises  of  the  Sicffe  and  taking  of  the  Litij 
"  of  Chester,  dated  9  Feb.  1645,  xcith  Letters  to  tlte 
"  besieged  Persons  in  (Ihc.^ter.  To  n'hich  is  add- 
"  ed  An  exact  Declaration  of  Chester'' s  Enlarge- 
"  ment  after  three  Years  Bondage,  written  by 
"  Nathan  Lancaster,  Cfiaplain  to  the  Cheshire 
"  Forces.  Which  letters  and  declaration  were 
"  printed  at  Lond.  5  Mar.  1645,  in  4  sh.  and  an 
"  half  in  qu.  And  to  the  latter  (the  parliament) 
"  A  Letter  concerning  the  Taking  of  Shrewsbury, 
"  dated  22  Feb.  1644.  Two  Letters  to  the  Earl  of 
"  Essex  and  Mr.  Jo.  Pym  concerning  the  Rebels 
"  (Parliamenteers)  Affairs  in  the  North.  Ox.  1643, 
"  in  one  sh.  in  qu.  As  for  the  victories  he  ob- 
"  tained,  but  not  the  overthrows  that  lie  endured, 
Clar.  "  you  may  see  a  canting  book  entit.  A  Survey  of 
1648.  «  England^s  Champions,  and  TrutKs  faithful  P'a- 
"  triots.  Sac.  Lond.  1647.  oct.  cap.  Ifi.  p.  41,  with 
"  the  picture  of  sir  Will.  Brereton  there ;  which 
"  book  was  written  and  published  by  a  bigotted 
"  presbyterian  called  Josiah  Ricraft '  a  merchant  of 
"  London.     He  was  Uvin»  in  1648. 

GEORGE  HAKEWILL  son  of  John  Hake- 

will  of  the  city  of  Exeter  merchant,  was  Iwm  in  the 
parish  of  S.  Mary  Arches  within  the  said  city  and 
educated  in  grammar  learning  there,  became  a  com- 
moner of  S.  Alb.  hall,  in  the  beginning  of  the  year 
1595,  and  in  that  of  his  age  16,  where  he  became 
so  noted  a  disputant  and  orator,  that  he  was  una- 
nimously ek>cted  fellow  of  Exeter  coll.  at  two  yejirs 
standing.  Afterwards  he  proceeded  in  arts,  applied 
himself  to  the  deep  researches  in  philosophy  and 
divinity,  entred  into  the  sacred  function,  travelled 
beyond  the  seas,  and  at  his  return  became  as  noted 
for  his  preaching  and  disputes,  as  before  he  was  for 
philosophy.  In  1610  he  was  admitted  to  the  reading 
of  the  sentences,  and  the  next  year  proceeded  in  di- 
vinity. Afterwards  he  became  the  first  sworn  chap- 
lain that  attended  prince  Charles,  by  whose  endea- 
vours, I  presume,  he  became  archdeacon  of  Surrey, 
an.  1616,  which  was  the  highest  dignity  tliat  he  en- 
joyed, being  hindred,  I  presume,  from  rising  higher 
for  his  zealous  opposing  the  match  of  the  infanta  of 
Spain  with  his  master  the  prince.  The  story  of 
wliich  was  this :  After  he  had  with  some  pains 
written  a  small  tract  against  that  match,  not  with- 
out some  reflections  on  the  Spaniard,  which  could 
not  he  pleasing  to  the  king,  he  caused  it  to  be  fairly 
transcribed  by  another  hand.  Which  done,  he  un- 
known to  the  king  presented  it  to  the  prince.  The 
prince,  after  he  haid  perused  it,  shew'd  it  to  the 
king,  who  being  offended  at  it,  commanded  Tho. 
Murrey  the  prince's  tutor  and  secretary,  the  au- 
thor Hake\vill,  William  his  brother,  and  all  others 
who  knew  of,  or  were  consenting  to  it,  to  be  com- 
mitted*' to  custody  in  Aug.  1621,  whence  being 
soon  after  released,  our  author  Hakewill  was  dismist 
from  his  attendance  on  the  prince.  So  that  tho'  his 
learning  was  accounted  by  the  generahty  poUte,  his 
philosophy  subtile,  and  divinity  profound,  yet  in 
this  particular  he  was  esteemed  very  rash  and  im- 
prudent. A  certain  author'  tells  us,  that  when  he 
presented  the  said  MS.  to  the  prince,  he  should 
say  '  Sir,  I  beseech  you  make  use  of  this,  by  read- 
ing it  your  self,  but  if  you  shew  it  to  your  father,  I 
shall  be  undone  for  my  good  will.'  The  prince  re- 
turned him  many  thanks  and  assured  him,  it  should 
never  go  farther  than  the  cabinet  of  his  own  breast ; 
but  withal  he  asked  him  to  whom  he  had  sliew'd  it. 
Hakewill  replied,  the  archbishop  (Abbot)  hath  read 
it,  who  returning,  said  to  him.  Well  done  thou  good 
and  faithful  servant.  Besides  him,  he  told  the 
prince,  he  had  shew'd  it  to  Mr.  Murrey  his  tutor, 
who  belike  being  better  acquainted  with  liis  ma.ster's 

Ijci-fidious  disposition  (so  are  the  words  of  the  libel- 
ous author)  than  the  other,  did  then  dissuade  him 
from  deUvering  it  to  the  prince,  for  saith  he,  he  will 
betray  you.    And  it  so  fell  out,  for  within  less  than 


'  [^Looking  Glass  for  the  Anabaptists  and  the  rest  of  tliK 
Separatists  in  Confutation  of  inil.  Kiffin's  Remonstrances  of 
the  Anabaptists,  iSfc.  By  Josiah  Ricraft.  Loml.  l64.^, 
4to,  four  sheets  and  an  half.    T a  n  n  e  b  .] 

'  Camden  in  Annal.  Reg.  Jac.  1.  MS.  sub  an.  iG^J. 

'  Sir  Ant.  Weldon  in  his  Observations  on  K.  Charles  p. 
217,  218,  at  the  end  of  his  Court  and  Char,  of  K.  James, 
printed  l651.  oct. 



two  hours  after  his  said  engagement  to  the  doctor, 
he  presented  it  to  his  tiitlier,  iijwn  which  he,  or  any 
thro'  wliose  liands  or  cognizance  it  had  passed  1k*- 
fore,  were  all  under  a  disgrjice,  and  banished  the 
court,'  Sec. 

The  works  of  this  our  author  Hakewill  are  these, 

The  Vanity  of  the  Eye.  Oxon.  1608.  in  oct. 
[Bodl.  8vo.  H.  4J3.  Art.]  Written  for  the  comfort 
of  a  young  gentlewoman  who  became  bUnd  by  the 
small  pox. 

Scutum  Reffium  adversus  omnes  Reg'icidas  <§• 
Regicidarum  Fatronai,  ab  Initio  Mundi  tismie  ad 
Interitum  Phocw  Imperatoris,  &c.  Lib.  3.  Lond. 
1612.  oct.  [Bodl.  8vo.  H.80.  Th.] 

Tlie  antient  and  ecclesiastical  Practice  of  Con- 
firmation, confirmed  by  A  r^uments  drawn  from 
Scripture,  Reason,  Councils,  Fathers,  and  Inter 
Writers,*  &c.    Lond.  1613.  qu.   [Bodl.  KK.  41. 

Answer  to  a  Treatise  rcritten  by  Dr.  B.  Carter 
by  Way  of  Letter  to  hit  Majesty,  wherein  he  laycth 
doran  sundry/  politic  Considerations,  by  tchich  he 
pretendeth  himself  ?ca,r  mov'd,  and  endeavourcth 
to  move  others  to  be  reconciled  to  the  Ch.  of  Rome, 
&c.  Lond.  1616.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  H.  27.  th.] 

Treatise  against  the  Match  with  the  Iivfanta — 
This  little  thing,  which  is  in  MS.  I  have  not  yet 
seen.  But  another  of  the  like  nature  I  have  lying 
by  me,*  written  by  one  Thomas  Allured  sometimes 
secretary  to  Ralph  lord  Ever  president  of  Wales, 
the  beginning  of  which  is  this.  '  Thougli  to  ad^^se 
may  seem  presumptuous,  yet  what  is  well  intended, 
I  am  more  than  confident  will  be  neither  offensive 
[125]  to  your  lordship,'  &c.  'Twas  written  to  the  mar- 
quis of  Buckingham,  who  communicating  it  to  the 
king,  he  was  so  much  displeased,  that  the  author 
Allured  was  committed  to  custotly  10  June  1620, 
being  a  full  year  before  Hakewill  had  written  his 

Twelve  Sermons  concerning  David's  Vow  to  re- 
form himself  his  Family,  and  his  Kingdom ;  on 
Psal.  101.  Lond.  1621,  [Bodl.  8vo.  W.  48.  Th.] 
S2.  oct.  Besides  which  he  hath  other  sermons  ex- 
tant, as  (1)  Serm.  preached  at  Barnstaple,  on  Judg. 
5.  31.  Lond.  1632.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  R.  29.  Th.] 
(2)  Serm.  at  the  Funeral  of  John  Doivne  Bar.  of 
Div.  Rector  oflnstoTt)  in  Devon,  sometimes  Fellozv 
ofEman.  Coll.  in  Camb. ;  on  Dan.  12.  3.  Oxon. 
1633.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  D.  18.  Th.] 

Comparison  between  the  Days  of  Purim  and 

*  [This  was  wrhten  for  the  coniirmatinn  of  the  prince  on 
Monday  in  Easier  week,  l6l3,  at  the  chappel  in  Whitehall, 
at  which  time  Dr.  H.  was  cliaplaiu  to  the  prince.  Watts.] 

*  [There  arc  two  copies  of  this  letter  in  Tanner's  MSS. 
SgOand  299.  It  has  been  printed  byRushworth  in  liis  Col- 
lections under  the  year  1 623,  and  by  Gutch  in  the  Collec- 
tanea Curiosa,  1781,  i.  17O.  In  the  latter  work  will  also  be 
found,  Rtu.  IVoodward's  Letter  to  Mr.  Secretary  fTinde- 
ianke  concerning  Mr.  Ahired's  Discourse  against  the  Spahish 
MalcL]  ' 

thai  ofPoKder  Treason — Printed  1626.  qu.  [Btjdl. 
4to.  P.  39.  Th.] 

An  Apology  or  Declaration  of  the  Poiuer  and 
Providence  of  God  in  the  Government  of  the  World, 
proving  that  it  doth  not  Decay,  &c.  in  lour  books. 
Lond.  1627.  To  which  were  added  two  more 
Lond.  1635.  fol.  3d  edit.  [Bodl.  O.  2.  12.  Th.]  In 
the  first  of  which  are  HakevilVs  Replies  to  Bishop 
Goodmans  Arguments  and  Digressions,  which  he 
had  made  on  the  first  Jour  Books  of  the  before-men- 
tioned Apol.  or  Declar.  having  been  incited  there- 
unto by  Hakewill's  former  confutation  of  some 
passages  in  bish.  Goodmans  Fall  of  Man,  &c.  re- 
lating to  the  eternity  of  tlie  world,  or  for  the  uni- 
ver^I  and  perpetual  decay  tliercof,  whereby  Good- 
man would  prove  the  fall  of  man.  But  this  con- 
futation made  by  our  author  (whether  in  MS.  or 
printed  I  know  not)  I  have  not  yet  seen. 

Discourse  of  the  Lord's  Day ;  on  Rev.  1.  10. 
Lond.  1641.  qu.  [Bodl.  4to.  A.  57.  Th.] 

Dissertation  with  Dr.  Heylin  concerning  thepre- 
tended  Sacrifice  in  the  Eucharist.  Lond.  1641.  qu. 
[Bodl.  4to.  H.  10.  Th.  BS.] 

A  Treatise  rescuing  Dr.  Jo/i.  Rain  olds  and  other 
grave  Divines,  from  the  vain  Assaults  of  P.  Hey- 
lin, touching  the  History  qfS.  George,  pretendedjy 
by  him  asserted. — This  I  have  .seen  in  a  MS.  fol. 
but  whether  ever  printed  I  cannot  tell.  Qutere.    He 
also  translated  into  Latin   The  Life  of  Sir  Tho. 
Bodley,  his  kinsman,  which  is  in  MS.  in  the  public 
library.     At  length  upon  the  promotion  of  Dr.  Pri- 
deaux  to  the  bishoprick  of  Worcester,  he  was  elected 
rector  of  Exeter  coll.  (to  which  he  had  before  been 
an  especial  benefactor)  but  did  little  or  not  at  ail 
reside  upon  it:  for  the  srand  rebellion*  ^    ■  ■, 
breaking  then  lortn,  he  receded  to  nis      i.'irst  edit. 
rectory  of  Heanton  near  to  Barnstaple  in 
Devon,  where  he  lived  a  retired  life  to  the  time  of 
his  death,  which  hapning  in  the  beginning  of  April 
in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  nine,  was  buried  on 
the  fifth  day  of  the  same  month  in  the  chancel  of  the 
church  there.     Over  his  grave  was  a  stone  after- 
wards laid,  with  this  inscription  thereon,  '  Reliquiae 
Georgii  Hakewill  S.  Th.  D.  archidiaconi  Surriae, 
collegii  Exoniensis  &  hujus  ecclesire  rectoris,  in  .spem 
resurrectionis  hie  repositse  sunt,  an.  1649.  aetatissuas 
72.'     I  have  seen  a  copy  of  his  last  wiU  and  testa- 
ment, proved  2  May  1649,  wherein  he  desires  that 
his  body  might  be  buried  in  Exeter  coll.  chappel,  if 
it  could  -conveniently  be  ;  if  not,  at  least  his  heart 
under  the  communion  table,  or  under  the  desk  where 
the  bible  lies,  with  this  inscription  on  a  brass  plate 
to  be  put  on  it.  Cor  meum  ad  te,  Domi?ie.     But  this 
I  presume  was  not  done,  because  no  such  inscription 
appears.     However   the   society   of  Ex.    coll.   did 
afterwards,  in  honour  to  his  memory,  hang  up  hit 
picture  painted  to  the  Ufe,  in  his  doctoral  formali- 
ties, on  the  organ-loft  at  the  east  end  of  tlie  isle, 
joyning  to  the  south  side  of  the  chappel.     In  the 
rectory  of  the  said  coU.  succeeded  Mr.  (afterward* 





Dr.)  John  Conant,  and  in  his  arcluleaconry,  Joh. 
Pearson  D.  D.  of  Cambridge,  installed  tlierein  26 
Sept.  1G60,  a  learned  man  and  famous  for  his  Ex- 
positimi  of  the  Creed,  and  otlier  Iwoks.  He  was 
afterwai-ds  the  wortiiy  bishop  of  Chester,  and  died 
about  the  middle  of  July  1()80. 

[An  Appendix  of  Dr.  Hackezvers  An^xoer  to  the 
Sishop  of  Gloucester  s  Reasons.  MS.  Ashmole 
1284>  (Catal.  MSS.  Angl.  p.  350.] 

ARTHUR  DUCK  was  Ixirn  of  a  wealthy  fa- 
nuly  ^  living  at  Heavy tre  in  Devonshire,  (the  place 
where  afterwards  his  father  built  an  hospital)  became 
a  student  in  Exeter  coll.  in  the  year  1595,  and  that 
of  his  age  15,  took  one  degree  in  arts  in  June  1599, 
and  then  was  made  commoner  of  the  said  coll.  Af- 
terwards  he  translated  himself  to  Hart  hall,  and  as  a 
L^*"J  member  thereof  proceeded  in  the  said  faculty,  an. 
1602,  and  two  years  after  was  elected  fellow  oi  Alls. 
coll.  But  his  geny  leading  him  to  the  study  of  the 
civil  law,  he  took  the  degrees  in  that  faculty,  and 
much  about  the  same  time  travelling  into  France, 
Italy  and  Germany,  was  after  his  return  made  chan- 
cellor of  the  dioc.  of  Bath  and  Wells.  In  which 
office  beha\'ing  himself  with  gi-eat  integrity,  prudence 
and  discretion,  was  honoured  by,  and  beloved  of, 
Lake  bishop  of  tliat  place,  and  the  more  for  this 
reason,  because  he  was  beholden  to  him  for  the 
right  ordering  of  his  jurisdiction.  Afterwards  he 
was  made  chancellor  of  London,  and  at  length 
master  of  the  requests,  and  was  in  all  likehhood  in  a 
certain  possibility  of  rising  higher,  if  the  times  had 
not  interrupted  him.  In  the  beginning  of  1640  he 
jvas  elected  burgess  for  Q.  Mynhead  m  Somerset- 
shire to  sit  in  that  parliament  which  began  at  West- 
minster 13  Apr.  the  same  year,  and  soon  after  sid- 
ing with  his  maj.  in  the  rebellious  times  suffered 
much  in  his  estate,  having  300^.  at  one  time  given 
thence  to  one  Serle  a  widow.'  In  the  month  of 
Sept.  in  1648,  he  and  Dr.  Ryves  were  sent  for  to 
Newport  in  the  isle  of  Wight  by  his  majesty,  to  be 
assisting  to  him  in  his  treaty  with  the  commissioners 
sent  from  parliament.  But  that  treaty  taking  no 
effect,  he  retired  to  his  habitation  at  Chiswick  near 
London,  where,  living  to  see  his  master  murdered 
before  his  own  door,  he  soon  after  ended  his  life.' 

*  [Bcati  niortui  qui  moriiintnr  in  Doinino.  Riohardiis 
Ducke  et  Joanna  uxor  ejus  hie  reguiescunt.  Qui  matriino- 
nio  conjunct!  anno  ?al.  MDLXIIII  per  quadraainta  annus 
foeliciler  simul  vixerunt.  Quibus  exactis  Kichardus,  relictis 
ex  eo  mairinionio octo  liberis, ohij t  xOctobris ann. MDCIl  1 1 . 
Joanna  ver.n  per  vifjinli  annos  in  viduitatc  supcrstes  xxxi 
Jullj  MDCXXlIll  ad  coelos  migravit.  Nicolaus Ducke ar- 
miger  et  Anhurus  Ducke  Ugum  doctor,  filij,  parentibus  cha- 
riss.  et  opt.  nieritis  pos.  Le  Neve,  Monumenia  Anglicaiia 
from  l600  lo  l(J49,  Rvo.  Lond.  17lg,  page  «.] 

.   '  [Arthur  Duck,  of  Chiswick,  MiddleseXj  was  no  less 
than  2000/.  deep  in  their  books  at  Goldsmiths*  hall.     Prince, 

Worthies  of  Devon,  page  269.] 

'  [This  should  be  omitted,  for  the  said  Dr.  Duck  died  iG 
Dec.  i648,  suddenly  in  Chelsea  church.     Peck.] 
Vol.  III. 

He  was  a  person  of  smooth  language,  was  an  excel- 
lent civilian,  and  a  tolerable  iMet,  especially  in  his 
younger  days,  antl  well  versed  in  histories  whether 
ecclesiastical  or  civil.     He  hath  extant, 

Vita   Hewrlct  Chichclei)  Archiepiscopi  Cantua- 
rtemis,  .iub  Reffibus  Henric.  V.S^  VI.  Oxon.  1617. 
qu.  [Bodl.  4t().  D.  30.  Art.  Sold.]  remitted  into  the 
collection  of  lives  published  by  Dr.  Bates,  an.  1681 
[Bodl.  AA.  124.  Art.] » 

Dc  Usu  Sf  Authoritate  Juris  civilis  Romanorum 
in  Dominiis  Pnncipum  ChristiaTwrvm.  Lib.  2. 
Lond.  1653.  [Bodl.  8vo.  D.  2.  Jur.  Seld.]  and  79. 
oct.  Leydae  1654.  Lips.  1668.  in  tw.  &c.  In  which 
book  Dr.  Gerard  Langbaine's  labours  were  so  much, 
that  he  deservetl  the  name  of  co-author.  Dr.  Duck 
))aid  his  last  debt  to  nature  in  the  month  of  May  in 
sixteen  hundred  forty  and  nine,  and  was  buried  in 
the  church  at  Chiswick  in  Middlesex ;  to  the  poor 
of  which  place  he  gave  10/.  He  left  considerable 
legacies  to  Exeter  and  Alls,  colleges,  and  10/.  to  the 
poor  of  North  Cadbury  in  Somersetshire,  besides 
otlier  gifts  of  charity  elsewhere,  which  for  brevity's 
sake  I  now  pass  by.  "  He  married  Margaret  the 
"  younger  daughter  of  Henry  South  worth  merchant 
"  in  London."  ' 

[Dr.  Duck  married  Margaret  daughter  of  Mr. 
Hen.  Southworth  merchant,  by  whom  he  had  9 
children  ;  only  two  daughters  survived.  She  died 
Aug.  15, 1646,  buried  Aug.  24  in  Cheswick  church. 
Dr.  Gouge  preached  her  funeral  sermon,  printed 
1646,  with  an  account  of  her  life  by  a  friend,  where 
see  more. 

Dec.  8.  (1648)  Dr.  Arthur  Duck  D'^  of  the  lawes, 
died  sodenly  in  Chelsey  church.  Mr.  Ric.  SmitK.i 
Obituary.     Melius  inquirendum. 

There  can  be  no  mistake,  for  K.  Charles's  death 
8tc.  follow.     Baker.] 

"  ROBERT  DUDLEY,  son  of  Rob.  Dudley 
"  earl  of  Leicester  by  Douglas  Howai-d  daughter  of 
"  William  lord  Howard  of  Effingham,  and  widow 
"  of  John  Lord  Sheffield,  was  born  at  Shene  in  the 
"  county  of  Surrey  in  the  year  1574,  sent  tt)  Ch.  Ch. 
"  to  obtain  academical  learning  under  the  tuition  and 
"  government  of  sir  Tho.  Chaloner,  (afterwards 
"  tutor  to  prince  Henry)  in  the  beginning  of  the 
"  year  1588,  and  was  soon  after  matriculated  in  the 
"  university,  as  a  member  of  that  house,  under  the 

'  [7V(P  Life  of  Henry  Cliic/iele,  Arihiishop  nf  Canterbury . 
In  which  there  is  a  particular  lielatinn  of  many  remarkable 
Passages  in  the  Reigns  of  Henry  the  V  and  yl  Kings  of 
England.  Written  tn  Latin  by  Arth.  Duck  LL.D.  Chan- 
cellor of  the  Diocess  of  London  :  And  Advocate  if  Ihe  Court 
of  Honour.  A'nf«  made  English.  And  a  Table  of  Contents 
annexed.  London,  Printed  for  Ri.  Chiswell,  8cc.  iCqQ, 
8vo.  De  1.  10  Tliomas,  lord  arciib.  of  CantcrbuTy.  Uodl. 
Rawl.  8VO.321.] 

'  [He  left  no  issue  male,  only  two  daughters  and  heirs 
vastly  rich,  who  married  their  second  cousins,  the  grandsons 
of  his  brother  Nicholas.  See  more  in  Prince,  Worlhiet  of 
Devon,  page  270] 




"  title  of  '  coniitis  filius.'  What  coniiiuiance  he 
"  made  then-  I  know  not:  sure  I  am  that  in  1594, 
*'  he  being  then  in  g<xxl  esteem  with  qu.  Elizalieth, 
"  sailed  with  tliree  small  ships  to  tiie  island  of  Tri- 
"  nidada,  (S.  Trinity)  in  winch  voyage  lie  sunk  and 
."  took  nine  Sjuuiisli  ships,  whereof  one  was  an  ar- 
"  mada  of  ()()()  tun.  Alwut  the  same  time  also,  he 
"  mode  groat  discoveries  aliout  the  river  Oronoeque 
"  in  the  ^Vest-Indies :  in  the  mouth  of  which  he 
*'  gave  the  name  to  an  island,  that  he  discovered 
**  mere,  of  Dudley's  Isle.  In  1596  he,  with  divers 
"  nobles  and  gentlemen  of  quality  going  with  the 
*'  earl  of  Essex  in  the  Cadiz  voyage  figainst  the 
"  Spaniard,  retreived  the  honor  of  knighthood  on 
"  the  8th  of  Aug.  for  the  signal  service  he  then  ix^r- 
"  formed.     In    the   beginning  of  the  reign  ot  K. 

^  "  James  I.  he  endeavoured  to  prove  his  legitimacy, 

"  to  the  end  that  he  might  have  the  lands  and  titles 
"  of  his  father,  and  those  of  his  luicle  Ambrose 
"  earl  of  Warwick,  who  died  without  issue :  but 
"  mis.sing  his  design,  bv  the  endeavours  of  Lettice 
"  his  father's  widow,  (who  well  knew  that  if  he  could 
"  obtain  it,  it  would  have  much  redoimded  to  her 
"  dish(mour,  she  being  his  father's  reputed  wife  when 

[lisTJ  «  fjjjj,  „^r  author  Rob.  Dudley  was  l^)rn)  he  left  the 
^'  land  soon  after  in  great  disct)ntent  and  went  into 
"  Italy ;  which  otherwise  he  could  not  well  do,  be- 
"  cause  first,  it  was  plainly  proved  in  open  court, 
"  before  those  that  were  then  judges,  that  he  was  legi- 
"  timate ;  and  therefore  to  stay,  and  not  to  enjoy 
"  that  which  he  sought  after,  was  not  agreeable  to 
"  his  high  sj)irit ;  and  secondly,  that  being  a  man  of 
"  extraordinary  part.s,  as  well  for  valour  and  gene- 
"  rous  exploits,  as  learning,  and  withal  of  a  daring 
"  spirit,  he  could  not  brook  those  affronts  that  would 
"  be  consequently  put  ujion  him.  Being  therefore 
"  setled  in  the  territory  of  the  great  duke  of  Tus- 
"  cany,  where  he  took  upon  him  to  be  the  earl  of 
"  Warwick,  by  which  name  he  was  afterwards  com- 
"  monly  called,  was  soon  after  sent  for  home  by  the 
"  king's  special  privy-seal ;  but  he  refusing  to  obey, 
"  all  his  lands  in  England,  which  were  considerable, 
"  were  .seized  on  by  virtue  of  the  statute  of  fugitives. 
"  So  that  lieing  thus  destitute,  he,  who  was  then  a 
"  favourite  to  the  said  great  duke,  became  more  be- 
"  loved  of  him  than  before,  and  for  his  eminent 
"  abilities  did  use  his  directions  in  all  his  buildings. 
"  About  that  time  Leghome,  which  was  a  small 
"  town,  grew  by  his  endeavours  a  great  city  on  a 
"  suddain,  and  at  this  day  is  acknowledged  so  to  be, 
"  in  relation  to  its  fairness,  and  firmness  next  to  the 
"  sea.  And  I  have  heard  from  some  living,  who 
"  have  frequented  j)arts,  that  this  our  author 
"  R.  Dudley  was  the  chief  instrument  that  caused 
"  the  said  duke  not  only  to  make  it  firm,  but  also  to 
"  make  it  a  scala  franca  that  is  a  free  port,  and  of 
"  settling  an  English  factory  there,  and  of  drying 
"  the  fens  between  that  place  and  Pisa.  At  whi(£ 
"  time  also  our  author  called  and  invited  to  that 
*'  place   many    English    merchants   that   were   his 

"  friends,  and  so  enriched  it,  that  it  is  now  one  of 
"  the  best  harlx)urs  in  Europe,  and  bringeth  in 
"  considerable  revenues  to  the  duke.  For  these  cx- 
"  traordinary  services,  and  the  admirable  gifts  that 
"  our  author  was  cndowetl  with,  he  was'*  matle  great 
"  chamberlain  to  the  arch-duchess,  mother  to  the 
"  then  duke  of  Tusc-any,  while  she  in  his  minority 
"  governetl  all  the  state,  and  iK-came  so  much  known 
"  to  Ferdinando  the  second,  enqwror  of  Germany, 
"  that  he  by  his  letters  pat.  under  the  golden  seal, 
"  dated  at  Vienna  9  IVIar.  16520,  confer  d  on  him  and 
"  his  heirs  for  ever  the  title  of  duke,  to  be  by  them 
"  used  throughout  all  his  dominions  of  the  sacred 
"  empire.  So  that  because  his  grand-father  was 
"  duke  of  Northumberland  and  earl  of  Warwick, 
"  he  was  dtx-lared  duke  of  Northumberland,  and  so 
"  wrote  himself  in  all  papers  of  concernment,  and 
"  the  title  of  earl  of  \Varwick,  was  used,  while  he 
"  lived,  by  his  son.  After  this  P.  Urban  8.  in  the 
"  beginning  of  his  pajjacy,  authorised  by  the  em- 
"  peror's  golden  seal,'  declared  that  the  duke  of 
"  Northumberland,  anil  his  eldest  son  and  heirs  in 
"  all  times,  could  create  titles  of  honour,  as  earls, 
"  marquisses,  &c.  the  which  he  hath  done  in  favour 
"  of  many  great  fiimilies  at  Anctma,  \'erona,  and 
"  Rouloigne  in  Italy ;  and  ordained  besides,  that 
"  the  title  of  highness  should  be  given  to  him  and 
"  all  his  jX)sterity,  &c.  Which  is  recorded  in  the 
"  lxx)k  entit.  //  Cercmoniale  di  Roma  del  Anno 
"  1630.  This  Rob.  Dudley  duke  of  Northuinber- 
"  land  was  a  conipleat  gent,  in  all  suitable  employ- 
"  ments,  an  exact  seaman,  a  go(xl  navigator,  an  ex- 
"  cellent  architect,  mathematician,  jihy.sician,  chy- 
"  mist,  and  what  not.  He  was  a  handsome  per.son- 
"  able  man,  tall  of  stature,  red  hair'd,  and  of  ad- 
"  mirable  comjjort,  and,  above  all,  noted  for  riding 
"  the  great  horse,  for  tilting,  and  for  his  being  die  , 
"  first  of  all  that  taught  a  dog  to  sit  in  order  to 
"  catch  partridges.     His  printed  works  are  these, 

"  Voyage  to  the  Isle  ofTr'inidadct,  and  the  Coast 

"  ofParia,  An.  1594,  95 See  in  Rich.  Hake- 

"  luyt's  third  vol.  of  English  Voyages,  p.  574,  &c. 
"  [Bodl.  H.  8.  16.  Art] 

"  Del  Arcano  del  Mare,  &c. — Firenze  1630, 
"  1646,  in  two  vol.  in  fol.  They  are  full  of  choice 
"  mathematical  cuts  and  figures,  sea-charts,  forti- 
"  fications,  &c.  That  vol.  printed  in  1646  is  di- 
"  vided  into  six  books,  and  is  kept  as  a  rarity  in 
"  the  archives  of  Bodley's  library  at  this  time. 
"  [Bodl.  Arch.  B.  116.] 

"  A  Discourse  to   correct  the  Exorbitances   of 
"  Parliaments,  and  to  enlarge  the  King's  Reventie* 

■  "  So  liavc  I  been  informed  by  his  son  Charles,  called 
"  duke  of  Northumberland,  in  his  letters  dated  at  Rome  17 
"  Oct.  1673." 

3  "So  in  fhe  same  letters." 

*  [See  it  in  Rushwortli's  Ilist'nical  CoUeclions,  edit,  first — 
Lond.  16.^9,  folio,  Appendix,  pa-^e  12,  underthis  title: 

A  Proposition  for  Ins  Miijest>e\  Service,  lo  bridle  the  Im- 
pertinenry  of  Parliaments.  Afterwards  questioned  in  the 
Star  Chamber."] 





"  — This  is  in  manuscript,  and  hHth  this  bejjinning, 
"  '  Tlie  proposition  (jf  your  )na)esty''s  service  con- 
"  taineth  two  parts,  the  one  to  secure  their  state 
"  and  bridle  the  imjwrtunances,  (rather  impcrti- 
*'  nences,  qu.)  and  the  otlier  to  increase  yom"  ma- 
"  jesty's  revenue,  &c.  contrived  and  written  in  the 
"  year  1613.  (11  Jac.  1.)  Several  copies  of  this 
*'  being  occasionally  dispersed  by  the  earls  of  Bed- 
"  ford,  Somerset,  and  Clare,  as  also  by  sir  Rob. 
"  Cotton,  Joh.  Shelden,  &c.  in  the  year  1628,  they 
"  were  committed,  and  an  information  was  entred 
"  in  the  star-chamber  against  them.  Our  author, 
"  the  most  noble  Dudlc}',  wrote  also  a  physical 
"  bcx>k  called  CaflioUcon,  m  good  esteem  among 
"  physicians ;  but  this  I  have  not  yet  seen.  He 
"  nivented  also  that  purging  powder  which  goes 
"  under  the  name  of  Cornacchini  Ptilvis,  of  which 
"  Marcus  Cornacchinus  doct.  of  physic  of  the  uni- 
"  versity  of  Pisa,  wrote  a  book,  shewing  that  all  the 
*'  affections  of  humane  Iwdics  that  arise  from  abund- 
"  ance  of  hmnours  may  be  quickly  cured.  This 
"  book  was  printed  at  Florence  1619,  and  several 
"  times  after,  and  was  dedicated  to  our  author  the 
"  illustrious  duke,  of  whom  many  things  are  said  to 
"  his  honour  in  the  epistle  ded.  before  it,  which  for 
"  brevity's  sake  I  now  pass  by.  See  in  Hist.  6f 
"  Aiit'tq.  Univ.  Oxon.  lib.  2.  p.  176.  a.  To  con- 
"  elude :  all  that  I  shall  say  of  him  beside,  is,  (1) 
"  That  when  he  left  England  in  the  beginning  of 
"  K.  James  I.  he  left  behind  him  a  wife  named 
"  Alice,  daughter  of  sir  Tho.  Leigh  of  Stonely  in 
"  Warwickshire,  and  several  daughters  that  he  had 
"  by  her :  which  Alice  being  afterwards  made  a 
"  duchess  by  K.  Charles  I.  lived  many  years  after, 
"  and  died  very  aged,  22  Jan.  1668.  (2)  That  he 
"  then  carried  with  him,  in  the  habit  of  a  page,  Eliza^ 
"  beth  daughter  of  sir  Robt.  Southwell  of  Wood- 
"  rising  in  Norfolk,  whom  he  afterwards  married  in 
"  Italy.  An  author '  of  inconsiderable  note  tells  us, 
"  that  sir  Rob.  Dudley  who  stileth  himself  duke  of 
"  Northumberland,  left  England  because  he  could 
"  not  be  suffered  to  enjoy  a  second  wife,  his  first 
"  •wife  then  surviving.  This  Dudley  now  enjoyeth 
"  his  second  wife  by  a  dispensation  from  his  holiness, 
*'  and  is  in  great  esteem  with  the  duke  of  Florence, 
"  in  regard  of  his  art  in  contriving  and  fabricating 
"  of  ships  and  galleys,  and  hath  obtained  of  the  em- 
"  peror  to  be  declared  duke  of  Northumberland, 
"  who  hath  given  him  the  title  already,  and  the  land 
*'  when  he  can  catch  it,  &c.  (3)  That  the  great 
"  duke  of  Tuscany  (or  Florence)  allowed  him  an 
"  yearly  pension  of  near  a  thousand  pounds ;  (4) 
"  That  he  built  for  himself  and  his  children  a  very 
"  handsome  palace  at  Florence,  wherein  his  son 
"  sometimes  lived.  (5)  That  by  the  said  Elizabeth 
"  he  had  a  son  named  Charles,  now,  or  lately,  duke 
"  of  Northumberland,  who  married  in  France  Mary 

*  "  .T:»m.  Wadsworth  in  his  English  Spanish  Pilgrim  :  or, 
a  ncit  Disciivery,  8cc.  printed  1(J30  in  <ju.  p.  64." 

"  ^lagd.  GoufKcr,  of  the  duke  of  Rohanet's  family, 

"  by  whom  he  had  many  children,  the  eldest  of 

"  w-hich  is  callcnl  Robert  earl  of  WfU-wick,  &c.     By 

"  her  the  said  Elizabeth,  the  said  sir  Rob.  Dudley 

"  duke  of  Northumberland  had  several  daughters, 

*'  the  eldest  of  which  was  married  to  the  prince  of 

"  Piombino,  of  the  house  of  Arragona  Appiuno. 

"  The  second  to  the  marquis  of  Clivola,  of  the 

"  house   of  Malespina  free  lord :    To   wliom    K. 

"  Charles  I.  of  England  wrote  and  gave  the  title  of 

"  '  most  illustrious,' thanking  him  for  giving  honour- 

"  able  burial  in  his  estates  to  Charles  son  and  heir 

"  of  Philip  earl  of  Pembroke.     The  third  to  the 

"  duke  of  Castillion  del  Lago,  of  the  house  of  La 

"  Corgnia,  and  the  fourth  to  the  earl  of  Caqjegna 

"  free  lord  of  his  estates,  brother  to  the  sometimes 

"  cardinal  of  that  name.     (6)  That  he  the  said  Ro^ 

"  bertdukcof  Northumberland  died  atCarbello  three 

'■  miles  distance  from  Florence,  in  an  house  there 

"  which  the  great  duke  of  Tuscany  permitted  him 

"  to  enjoy  gratis  during  his  life,  in  the  month  of 

"  September  *  in  sixteen  hundred  forty  and  nine :      ifrty. 

"  whereupon  his  Ixxly  being  convey'd  to  a  nunnery 

"  at  Boldrone  near  to  that  place,  was  there  depo- 

"  sited  ;  but  whether  since  it  hath  been  convey 'a  to       [129] 

"  the  church  of  S.  Pancrace  in  Florence,  wherein  his 

"  wife  Ehzabeth  had  before  been  buried,  and  over 

"  whose  grave  he  had  erectetl  a  sumptuous  monu- 

"  ment  of  marble,  with  intentions  to  be  buried  by 

"  her,  I  know  not.     Sure  I  am  that  it  was  continuing 

"  at  Boldrone  in  1674,  and  may  perhaps  still.     (7) 

"  That  at  his  death  he  left  behind  him  several  rare 

"  mathematical  instruments,  mostly  of  his  own  in- 

"  vention.     All   which    afterwards    (liis    sons   not 

"  knowing  the  use  of  them)  were  presented  to  the 

"  said  duke.     (8)  That  he  was  beloved  and  respected 

"  of  all  in  Florence,  and  in  the  country  adjoining : 

"  And  all,  who  are  yet  alive,  and  knew  or  remeni- 

"  bred  him,  make  honourable  mention  of  him." 

[See  an  excellent  account  of  this  extraordinary 
genius,  (for  such  I  consider  him)  in  the  Biographid 
Britannica,  to  which  I  must  content  myself  with 
referring,  rather  than  making  several  long  extracts 
well  deserving  of  attention. 

A  second  edition  of  the  duke's  Arcwno  del  Mare 
di  Rvbeiio  Dudico,  Diwa  di  Norlumbria,  e  Conte 
di  Worzcick,  was  printed  in  1661.  See  the  table  of 
contents  in  Park's  edit,  of  Walpole's  iVo6fc  ^J/i/tor*, 
or  the  book  itself  in  the  library  of  the  British  Mu- 

RICHARD  ALLEN  was  born  in,  or  near  to, 
Abingdon  in  Berks,  was  originally  of  BaUol  col.  and 
as  a  member  of  that  house  he  took  one  degree  in 
arts.  Afterwards  he  was  made  one  of  the  first 
.scholars  of  Pembr.  coll.  proceeded  in  his  faculty,  wa.s 
made  fellow,  and  at  length  beneficed  near  Ewelme 
in  Oxfordshire.     He  hath  written, 

*  "So  in  the  same  letters,  which  I  before  h.nvr  men- 







An  Antidote  against  Heresy :  or,  a  Preservative 
for   Protcstaiifs   against   the  Poison    of  Papists, 
Clar.         Anabaptists,  8ic.   Lond.  1648.  dtxlicatcd  to  his  un- 
1649.        gigg  gjj.  Xho.  Gainsford  knight  and  Humph.  Hud- 
dleston  esq;     One  of  both  liis  names,  but  after  in 
time,  was  pastor  of  Henfield  in  Sussex,  and  author  of 
England's  Distempers,  their  Cause  and  Cure,  ac- 
cording to  the  Judgment  offamous  Princes,  Peers, 
Parliaments,  ^c.   occasiori'd  hy  a  learned  Frier, 
accusing  the  rchole  Nation  of  Perjury  for  abjuring 
Transuhstantintion  ;  and  sent  to  the  Author  for  a 
Reply.  Lond.  1677.  qu.  in  tliree  sh.  and  an  half. 
Wiiethcr  this  Rich.  Allen  was  ever  of  Oxon  I  know 
not.     I  shall  make  mention  of  Rich.  Allein  among 
these  writers  under  the  year  1681. 

[One  Rich.  Allen  S.T.  P.  rector  of  Stouting 
(Kent)  and  one  of  the  proctors  for  tlie  dioc.  of  Cant. 
in  convoc.  1622.  MS.  Batly,  Tannek.] 

"  JOSEPH  ALFORD  was,  as  it  seems,  of  the 
*'  family  of  the  Alfbrds  in  Berks,  descended  from 
"  those  of  Holt-Castle  in  Denbighshire,  or  of  those 
"  of  Sussex,  and  hath  written, 

"  The  SouTs  Dispensatory  ;  or.   Treasure  for 
"  true  Believers,  &c.  Lond.  1649,  in  tw. 
fif  "  The  Church  Triumphant :  or,  a  confortable 

1649.  "  Treatise  oftlie  Amplitude  and  Largeness  of  the 
"  Kingdom  if  Christ,  \wherem  is  proved  hy  Scrip- 
"  tures  and  Rea^ion  that  the  Number  of  the  Damned 
"  is  in/eriour  to  that  of  the  Elect.A  &c.  l^ond. 
"  1649-  in  tw.  In  the  title  of  this  book,  'tis  said 
"  by  the  publisher  that  the  author  of  it  (Jos.  Alford) 
"  was  master  of  arts,  and  sometimes  of  Oriel  coll.  in 
"  Oxon.  But  so  it  is  that  in  all  my  searches,  I 
"  could  never  find  Joseph  Alford  matriculated,  or 
"  that  he  took  any  degree  in  arts  or  in  any  other 
"  faculty ;  I  had  made  mention  of  him  in 
"  the  Ath.  Se  Fasti  Oxon.  If  he  had  tlie  degree 
"  of  M.  A.  confer'd  on  him  by  the  archbishop  of 
"  Canterbury,  it  is  another  matter,  because  those 
"  that  are  so  created  seldom  or  never  stand  in  the 
"  university  registers :  or  if  he  had  the  degree  coii- 
"  fer'd  on  him,  in  the  time  of  the  grand  rebellion, 
"  either  in  the  latter  end  of  1642,  or  in  the  years 
"  1643,  44,  &c.  when  divers  soldiers,  mniisters  and 
"  others  that  adhered  to  the  cause  of  K.  Charles  I. 
"  were  promiscuously  created,  his  name  may  be 
"  neglected  to  be  put  into  the  register,  but  I  think 
"  he  was  never  master  of  arts  of  this  university. 
"  He  (hed,  as  it  seems,  before  his  book  was  pub- 
"  lishcxl." 

NICHOLAS  DARTON,  a  Cornish  man  bom, 
was  entred  into  Exeter  coll.  cither  in  the  condition 
of  a  batler  or  servitour,  in  Mich.  term.  1618,  aged 
15  years,  took  one  degree  in  arts,  afterwards  holy 
orders,  and  at  length  became  minister  of  Killesbye 
in  Northamptonshire.     He  hath  extant, 

'  [Rawlinsok.] 

Several  sei-mons,  as  (1)  The  true  and  absolute 
Bishop,  with  tlie  Converts  return  unto  him ;  on 
1  Pet.  2.  25.  Lond.  1641.  qu.  [BotU.  4to.  C.  7.  " 
Th.]  dedicated  to  William  lord  Say ;  at  which  time, 
the  author,  who  was  always  Ijcfore  esteemed  a  pu- 
ritan, closed  with  the  presbyterian  party.  He  hath 
one  or  more  extant,  which  I  have  not  yet  seen. 

Ecclesia  Anglicana :  or,  his  clear  and  protestant 
Manifesto,  as  an  evangelical  Key  sent  to  the  Gover- 
nor (f  Oxford,  for  the  openingofthe  Church  Doors 
tfierc,  that  are  shut  up  toithout  Prayers  or  Preach- 
ing,— printed  1649.  qu. 

"  WILLIAM  BARTLET,  son  of  a  father  of 
"  both  his  names  of  the  city  of  Exeter,  was  born  in 
"  that  city,  or  at  least  near  it,  was  matriculated  as 
"  a  member  of  New-Inn  on  tlie  4th  of  Nov.  1681, 
"  aged  21  years,  where  being  puritanically  edu- 
"  catetl,  went  away  without  taking  any  degree,  and 
"  retiring  to  his  own  country  had  a  cure  there, 
"  sided  with  the  puritans,  when  they  grew  domi- 
"  nant  in  1641,